Search results for 'Reward' (try it on Scholar)

789 found
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  1.  94
    Nicholas Shea (2014). Reward Prediction Error Signals Are Meta‐Representational. Noûs 48 (2):314-341.
    1. Introduction 2. Reward-Guided Decision Making 3. Content in the Model 4. How to Deflate a Metarepresentational Reading Proust and Carruthers on metacognitive feelings 5. A Deflationary Treatment of RPEs? 5.1 Dispensing with prediction errors 5.2 What is use of the RPE focused on? 5.3 Alternative explanations—worldly correlates 5.4 Contrast cases 6. Conclusion Appendix: Temporal Difference Learning Algorithms.
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  2. R. J. R. Blair, D. G. V. Mitchell, A. Leonard, S. Budhani, K. S. Peschardt & C. Newman (2004). Passive Avoidance Learning in Individuals with Psychopathy: Modulation by Reward but Not by Punishment. Personality and Individual Differences 37:1179–1192.
    This study investigates the ability of individuals with psychopathy to perform passive avoidance learning and whether this ability is modulated by level of reinforcement/punishment. Nineteen psychopathic and 21 comparison individuals, as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist Revised (Hare, 1991), were given a passive avoidance task with a graded reinforcement schedule. Response to each rewarding number gained a point reward specific to that number (i.e., 1, 700, 1400 or 2000 points). Response to each punishing number lost a point (...)
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  3.  3
    Teck Chuan Voo (2015). Altruism and Reward: Motivational Compatibility in Deceased Organ Donation. Bioethics 29 (3):190-202.
    Acts of helping others are often based on mixed motivations. Based on this claim, it has been argued that the use of a financial reward to incentivize organ donation is compatible with promoting altruism in organ donation. In its report Human Bodies: Donation for Medicine and Research, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics uses this argument to justify its suggestion to pilot a funeral payment scheme to incentivize people to register for deceased organ donation in the UK. In this article, (...)
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  4.  1
    Harvey M. Adelman & Jack L. Maatsch (1956). Learning and Extinction Based Upon Frustration, Food Reward, and Exploratory Tendency. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (5):311.
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  5.  5
    J. H. Maunsell (2004). Neuronal Representations of Cognitive State: Reward or Attention? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):261-265.
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  6.  2
    E. J. Capaldi (1974). Partial Reward Either Following or Preceding Consistent Reward: A Case of Reinforcement Level. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):954.
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  7.  3
    H. Wayne Ludvigson & Robert A. Gay (1967). An Investigation of Conditions Determining Contrast Effects in Differential Reward Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):37.
  8.  1
    Melvin H. Marx & David W. Witter (1972). Repetition of Correct Responses and Errors as a Function of Performance with Reward or Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):53.
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  9.  10
    G. Robert Grice (1948). The Relation of Secondary Reinforcement to Delayed Reward in Visual Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1):1.
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  10. James H. Neely & Allan R. Wagner (1974). Attenuation of Blocking with Shifts in Reward: The Involvement of Schedule-Generated Contextual Cues. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):751.
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  11.  2
    E. J. Capaldi & David Lynch (1967). Repeated Shifts in Reward Magnitude: Evidence in Favor of an Associational and Absolute (Noncontextual) Interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):226.
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  12.  8
    Amos Tversky & Ward Edwards (1966). Information Versus Reward in Binary Choices. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):680.
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  13.  3
    John C. Wright (1962). Consistency and Complexity of Response Sequences as a Function of Schedules of Noncontingent Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (6):601.
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  14.  36
    Andrew Brook (2006). Desire, Reward, Feeling: Commentary on Three Faces of Desire. Dialogue 45 (1):157-164.
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  15.  2
    James R. Gavelek & James H. McHose (1970). Contrast Effects in Differential Delay of Reward Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):454.
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  16.  3
    Joseph B. Sidowski (1957). Reward and Punishment in a Minimal Social Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (5):318.
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  17.  8
    Roger L. Mellgren, Dennis G. Dyck, Jeffrey A. Seybert & Dan M. Wrather (1973). Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effects: Reward-Nonreward Transitions and Generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (3):389-394.
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  18.  4
    Ronald K. Penney (1967). Effect of Reward and Punishment on Children's Orientation and Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):140.
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  19.  4
    Donald J. Lewis & Carl P. Duncan (1956). Effect of Different Percentages of Money Reward on Extinction of a Lever-Pulling Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):23.
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  20.  2
    Abram Amsel & David L. Prouty (1959). Frustrative Factors in Selective Learning with Reward and Nonreward as Discriminanda. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (4):224.
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  21.  3
    Ward Edwards (1956). Reward Probability, Amount, and Information as Determiners of Sequential Two-Alternative Decisions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (3):177.
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  22.  5
    G. Robert Grice & Herbert M. Goldman (1955). Generalized Extinction and Secondary Reinforcement in Visual Discrimination Learning with Delayed Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (3):197.
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  23.  5
    Norma Fredenburg Besch & William F. Reynolds (1958). Alley Length and Time of Food Deprivation in Instrumental Reward Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (5):448.
  24.  4
    Joseph A. Sgro, Robert A. Glotfelty & Bruce D. Moore (1970). Delay of Reward in the Double Alleyway: A Within-Subjects Versus Between-Groups Comparison. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):82.
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  25.  3
    Richard G. Seymann (1969). Effect of Differences in Reward Magnitude with Correlated Cues on Running Speed. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (3):504.
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  26.  4
    Richard H. Peckham & Abram Amsel (1967). Within-Subject Demonstration of a Relationship Between Frustration and Magnitude of Reward in a Differential Magnitude of Reward Discrimination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (2):187.
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  27.  5
    Louise Brightwell Miller & Betsy Worth Estes (1961). Monetary Reward and Motivation in Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (6):501.
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  28.  6
    Karen Galbraith, Michael E. Rashotte & Abram Amsel (1968). Within-Subjects Partial Reinforcement Effects Varying Percentage of Reward to the Partial Stimulus Between Groups. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):547.
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  29. James H. McHose & Douglas P. Peters (1973). Differential Instrumental Conditioning as a Function of Percentage and Amount of Positive Stimulus Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):413.
  30.  2
    Earl R. McHewitt (1974). Reward Shift Effects in Differential Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):646.
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  31.  2
    William R. Gamboni (1973). Anticipatory Errors in Rats as a Function of Delayed Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):98.
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  32.  4
    I.-Ning Huang (1969). Successive Contrast Effects as a Function of Type and Magnitude of Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):64.
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  33.  3
    J. V. Murphy & R. E. Miller (1958). Effect of the Spatial Relationship Between Cue, Reward, and Response in Simple Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (1):26.
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  34.  2
    Richard A. Wunderlich (1961). Strength of a Generalized Conditioned Reinforcer as a Function of Variability of Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (4):409.
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  35.  1
    Gordon A. Allen (1972). Memory Probes During Two-Choice, Differential Reward Problems. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):78.
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  36.  1
    Reed Lawson (1953). Amount of Primary Reward and Strength of Secondary Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (3):183.
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  37.  5
    Richard L. Patten (1973). Facilitation Effect of Incomplete Reward Reduction in Discrimination: Comparison of Within-Subject and Between-Subject Methods. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (1):185.
  38.  5
    Norman E. Spear & William B. Pavlik (1966). Percentage of Reinforcement and Reward Magnitude Effects in a T Maze: Between and Within Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (4):521.
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  39. R. Allen Gardner & W. B. Coate (1965). Reward Versus Nonreward in Simultaneous Discrimination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (6):579.
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  40.  2
    Howard Brand, Paul J. Woods & James M. Sakoda (1956). Anticipation of Reward as a Function of Partial Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):18.
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  41.  2
    Winfred F. Hill, John W. Cotton & Keith N. Clayton (1962). Effect of Reward Magnitude, Percentage of Reinforcement, and Training Method on Acquisition and Reversal in a T Maze. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (1):81.
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  42.  1
    Jerome L. Myers, Raymond E. Reilly & Harvey A. Taub (1961). Differential Cost, Gain, and Relative Frequency of Reward in a Sequential Choice Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (4):357.
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  43.  1
    Donald J. Lewis & Carl P. Duncan (1961). Effects of Variable Magnitude of Reward on a Lever-Pulling Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (2):203.
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  44.  3
    E. J. Capaldi & William P. Olivier (1966). Sequence of Delayed Reward and Nonrewarded Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):307.
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  45.  1
    J. L. McCloskey & Tom N. Tombaugh (1971). Sucrose Concentration, Constant Delay of Reward, and Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):128.
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  46.  3
    Thomas J. Ryan, Christopher Orton & June B. Pimm (1968). Discrete-Trial Instrumental Performance Related to Reward Schedule and Developmental Level. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):31.
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  47.  3
    Gisela E. Speidel (1974). Motivating Effect of Contingent Self-Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):528.
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  48.  3
    Mark A. Berkley (1963). Discrimination of Rewards as a Function of Contrast in Reward Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (4):371.
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  49. Maurice P. Smith & Garth Buchanan (1954). Acquisition of Secondary Reward by Cues Associated with Shock Reduction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):123.
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  50.  3
    Joseph A. Sgro, John R. Showalter & Neil H. Cohn (1971). Frustration Effect Following Training with Continuous and Partial Delay of Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (3):320-325.
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