Search results for 'Ricardo Restrepo Echavarria' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ricardo Restrepo Echavarria (2009). Russell's Structuralism and the Supposed Death of Computational Cognitive Science. Minds and Machines 19 (2):181-197.score: 290.0
    John Searle believes that computational properties are purely formal and that consequently, computational properties are not intrinsic, empirically discoverable, nor causal; and therefore, that an entity’s having certain computational properties could not be sufficient for its having certain mental properties. To make his case, Searle’s employs an argument that had been used before him by Max Newman, against Russell’s structuralism; one that Russell himself considered fatal to his own position. This paper formulates a not-so-explored version of Searle’s problem with computational (...)
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  2. Restrepo Ricardo (2012). Thinking About Physicalism. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):84.score: 140.0
    Physicalism, if it is to be a significant thesis, should differentiate itself from key metaphysical contenders which endorse the existence of platonic entities, emergent properties, Cartesian souls, angels, and God. Physicalism can never be true in worlds where things of these kinds exist. David Papineau, David Spurrett, and Barbara Montero have recently developed and defended two influential conceptions of physicalism. One is derived from a conception of the physical as the non-mentally-and-non-biologically identifiable. The other is derived from a conception of (...)
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  3. Restrepo Ricardo (2012). Two Myths of Psychophysical Reductionism. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):75.score: 140.0
    This paper focuses on two prominent arguments claiming that physicalism entails reductionism. One is Kim’s causal exclusion argument (CEA), and the other is Papineau’s causal argument. The paper argues that Kim’s CEA is not logically valid and that it is driven by two implausible justifications. One is “Edward’s dictum”, which is alien to non-reductive physicalism and should be rejected. The other is by endorsement of Papineau’s conception of the physical, immanent in Papineau’s causal argument. This argument only arrives at the (...)
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  4. Ricardo Restrepo (2012). Computers, Persons, and the Chinese Room. Part 1: The Human Computer. Journal of Mind and Behavior 33 (1):27-48.score: 120.0
    Detractors of Searle’s Chinese Room Argument have arrived at a virtual consensus that the mental properties of the Man performing the computations stipulated by the argument are irrelevant to whether computational cognitive science is true. This paper challenges this virtual consensus to argue for the first of the two main theses of the persons reply, namely, that the mental properties of the Man are what matter. It does this by challenging many of the arguments and conceptions put forth by the (...)
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  5. Ricardo Restrepo (2010). Realism in Mind. University of Canterbury, New Zealand.score: 120.0
    The thesis develops solutions to two main problems for mental realism. Mental realism is the theory that mental properties, events, and objects exist, with their own set of characters and causal powers. The first problem comes from the philosophy of science, where Psillos proposes a notion of scientific realism that contradicts mental realism, and consequently, if one is to be a scientific realist in the way Psillos recommends, one must reject mental realism. I propose adaptations to the conception of scientific (...)
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  6. Ricardo Restrepo (2013). Democratic Freedom of Expression. Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):380-390.score: 120.0
    This paper suggests the democratic direction in which the right of freedom of expression should be conceived and applied. In the first two sections it suggests some counter-examples to, and diagnoses of, the libertarian and liberal conceptions of freedom of expression, taking Scanlon (1972) and Scanlon (1979), respectively, to be their chief proponents. The paper suggests that these conceptions cannot take into account clear examples, like fraudulent propaganda, which should not be legal. The democratic conception takes it to heart that (...)
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  7. Ricardo Restrepo (2012). Computers, Persons, and the Chinese Room. Part 2: Testing Computational Cognitive Science. Journal of Mind and Behavior 33 (3):123-140.score: 120.0
    This paper is a follow-up of the first part of the persons reply to the Chinese Room Argument. The first part claims that the mental properties of the person appearing in that argument are what matter to whether computational cognitive science is true. This paper tries to discern what those mental properties are by applying a series of hypothetical psychological and strengthened Turing tests to the person, and argues that the results support the thesis that the Man performing the computations (...)
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  8. Ricardo Restrepo, Maria Helena Carbonell, Paúl Cisneros, Miguel Ruiz, John Antón, Antonio Salamanca & Natally Soria (eds.) (forthcoming). Pugna de poderes, crisis orgánica e independencia judicial. IAEN.score: 120.0
    This work, in English "Struggle for power, organic crisis and judicial independence", has its origin in research academics of the IAEN carried out to provide expert advise to the Inter American Court of Human Rights in the case Quintana and others (Supreme Court of Justice) vs the State of Ecuador. The research is about the nature of the evolution of the ecuadorian state, the dynamics of its institutions, its players, parties, laws, its factors of instability, the way rights have been (...)
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  9. Ricardo Restrepo (2012). Thinking About Physicalism. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):84-88.score: 120.0
    Physicalism, if it is to be a significant thesis, should differentiate itself from key metaphysical contenders which endorse the existence of platonic entities, emergent properties, Cartesian souls, angels, and God. Physicalism can never be true in worlds where things of these kinds exist. David Papineau, David Spurrett, and Barbara Montero have recently developed and defended two influential conceptions of physicalism. One is derived from a conception of the physical as the non-mentally-and-non-biologically identifiable. The other is derived from a conception of (...)
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  10. Ricardo Restrepo (2012). Two Myths of Psychophysical Reductionism. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):75-83.score: 120.0
    This paper focuses on two prominent arguments claiming that physicalism entails reductionism. One is Kim’s causal exclusion argument (CEA), and the other is Papineau’s causal argument. The paper argues that Kim’s CEA is not logically valid and that it is driven by two implausible justifications. One is “Edward’s dictum”, which is alien to non-reductive physicalism and should be rejected. The other is by endorsement of Papineau’s conception of the physical, immanent in Papineau’s causal argument. This argument only arrives at the (...)
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  11. Ricardo Restrepo, Representación Democrática, Reglas de Decisión y la Constitución.score: 120.0
    Este artículo brinda algunas respuestas y alternativas a ciertos problemas y propuestas en el área de la teoría democrática. El ensayo tiene como enfoque la cuestión de distinguir sistemas que pueden parecer democráticos sin serlo de sistemas realmente democráticos. Develando algunos actores disfrazados del discurso democrático en América Latina, el artículo argumenta que es preferible la regla de la mayoría como base para la identificación del bien común por medio del interés general, que reglas de minorías, consentimiento total o bases (...)
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  12. Ricardo Restrepo, El Arte: Un Derecho Para la Sociedad Del Buen Vivir. El Derecho Al Arte En Ecuador.score: 120.0
    Es difícil imaginar una sociedad del buen vivir sin arte. Por ello, la creatividad artística es reconocida como derecho en la Constitución del Ecuador, y como derecho humano en los intrumentos internacionales relevantes. Partiendo de esta reflexión, los artículos de este libro argumentan que siendo el arte un derecho, le corresponde al Estado la provisión de condiciones para su garantía por medio de políticas públicas, que deben tomar en cuenta tanto las especificidades de las personas, y los pueblos y nacionalidades, (...)
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  13. Ricardo Restrepo (ed.) (2013). El derecho al arte en Ecuador. IAEN.score: 120.0
  14. Ricardo Restrepo (2012). Multiple Realizability and Novel Causal Powers. Abstracta 6 (2):216-230.score: 120.0
    Framed within the dialectic of the causal exclusion argument (Kim 2005), this paper does two things. One, it clarifies some properties of multiple realizability based on its true origin (Turing 1950). And two, it challenges a form of argument Noordhof (1997), Clarke (1999), and Whittle (2007) employ to support the idea that the mental has causal powers not had by its physical realization base (Novel). The paper challenges Novel with ideas derived from multiple realizability, among others.
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  15. Carlos Enrique Restrepo (2012). Respuesta al comentario de Jorge Aurelio Díaz. "Restrepo, Carlos Enrique. 'La superación teológica de la metafísica'". Ideas y Valores 61 (150):303-305.score: 120.0
    Se busca rastrear la imagen que Platón tiene de Heráclito y articularla con la estructura argumentativa del Cratilo, para comprender las necesidades textuales a las que responde la doctrina del flujo perpetuo, es decir, la discusión sobre la corrección (ὀρθότης) del nombre. Gracias a la inclusión del testimonio heraclíteo, resulta posible rastrear la presunta consolidación de la tesis sobre los nombres primarios y los secundarios como el eje de la separación entre dos planos de realidad (uno estable y uno móvil) (...)
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  16. Ricardo Restrepo (2009). Russell's Structuralism and the Supposed Death of Computational Cognitive Science. Minds and Machines 19 (2):181-197.score: 120.0
    John Searle believes that computational properties are purely formal and that consequently, computational properties are not intrinsic, empirically discoverable, nor causal; and therefore, that an entity’s having certain computational properties could not be sufficient for its having certain mental properties. To make his case, Searle employs an argument that had been used before him by Max Newman, against Russell’s structuralism; one that Russell himself considered fatal to his own position. This paper formulates a not-so-explored version of Searle’s problem with computational (...)
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  17. Douglas Anderson, Ricardo Restrepo, Victor Hugo Chica & Diana Patricia Carmona (eds.) (2013). El pragmatismo norteamericano. IAEN.score: 120.0
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  18. Ricardo Restrepo (2012). Computers, Persons, and the Chinese Room. Part 2: The Man Who Understood. Journal of Mind and Behavior 33 (3-4).score: 120.0
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  19. Carlos Enrique Restrepo (2012). Respuesta al comentario de Jorge Aurelio Díaz. "Restrepo, Carlos Enrique. 'La superación teológica de la metafísica'", Ideas y valores LX/147 (2011): 275-277. [REVIEW] Ideas y Valores 61 (150):303-305.score: 120.0
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  20. Ricardo Restrepo (2013). Realismo científico, computacionalismo y la máxima pragmática. In Douglas Anderson, Ricardo Restrepo, Victor Hugo Chica & Diana Patricia Carmona (eds.), El pragmatismo norteamericano. IAEN.score: 120.0
    Se identifica el argumento de que la teoría de que hay propiedades computacionales suficientes para propiedades mentales es una teoría o falsa o vacía, ya que las propiedades computacionales no son empíricamente descubriles, intrínsecas ni causales, como sí lo son las propiedades mentales. Es un argumento que se puede destilar de los problemas que John Searle imputa a la ciencia cognitiva computacional, pero encuentra su correlato antecedente en el argumento que Max Newman utilizó para refutar el estructuralismo físico de Bertrand (...)
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  21. Guillermo Restrepo & Leonardo Pachón (2007). Mathematical Aspects of the Periodic Law. Foundations of Chemistry 9 (2):189-214.score: 30.0
    We review different studies of the Periodic Law and the set of chemical elements from a mathematical point of view. This discussion covers the first attempts made in the 19th century up to the present day. Mathematics employed to study the periodic system includes number theory, information theory, order theory, set theory and topology. Each theory used shows that it is possible to provide the Periodic Law with a mathematical structure. We also show that it is possible to study the (...)
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  22. Guillermo Restrepo (2013). To Mathematize, or Not to Mathematize Chemistry. Foundations of Chemistry 15 (2):185-197.score: 30.0
    By analysing a contemporary criticism to the so called “mathematical chemistry”, we discuss what we understand by mathematizing chemistry and its implications. We then pass to ponder on some positions on the subject by considering the cases of Laszlo, Venel and Diderot, opponents to the idea of mathematization of chemistry. In contrast, we analyse some scholars’ ideas on the fruitful relationship between mathematics and chemistry; here Dirac and Brown are considered. Finally, we mention that the mathematical–chemistry relationship should be considered (...)
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  23. Guillermo Restrepo & José Villaveces (2011). Chemistry, a Lingua Philosophica. Foundations of Chemistry 13 (3):233-249.score: 30.0
    We analyze the connections of Lavoisier system of nomenclature with Leibniz’s philosophy, pointing out to the resemblance between what we call Leibnizian and Lavoisian programs. We argue that Lavoisier’s contribution to chemistry is something more subtle, in so doing we show that the system of nomenclature leads to an algebraic system of chemical sets. We show how Döbereiner and Mendeleev were able to develop this algebraic system and to find new interesting properties for it. We pointed out the resemblances between (...)
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  24. Santiago Restrepo Vélez & Porfirio Cardona Restrepo (2013). Ethos del límite y ethos del rebasamiento. En torno al espacio público. Escritos 21 (46):145-170.score: 30.0
    El tema del espacio público ha sido un problema filosófico tanto en la forma de teorizarse como en la de habitarse, lo que históricamente ha ocupado la atención de múltiples disciplinas, saberes e instituciones políticas. A partir de un ejercicio interpretativo en el campo de la sociología y antropología urbanas, se muestra que éste es el resultado de las contingencias y dinámicas ciudadanas propias que trascienden cualquier especulación teórica, pero que genera un modo de ser particular de los ciudadanos por (...)
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  25. José Andrés Quintero Restrepo (2013). Mark Twain y la verdad nociva. Escritos 20 (45):417-434.score: 30.0
    Samuel Langhorne Clemens o Mark Twain es el autor del Diario de Adán y Eva, Un yanki en la corte del rey Arturo, Las aventuras de Tom Sawyer, Las aventuras de Huckleberry Finn y otras. Este escritor norteamericano asumió la práctica literaria como un asunto que va más allá del entretenimiento: escribió para interpelar al lector. Y este detalle salta a la vista con un libro que rara veces es referenciado: Sobre la decadencia del arte de mentir, texto que aborda (...)
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  26. Jean-Luc Marion & Carlos Enrique Restrepo (2011). GENEALOGY OF" GOD'S DEAD" A Contribution to the Theological Determination of the Conceptual Propouses of the" God's Dead" in Hegel, Feuerbach, Stirner and Nietzsche. Escritos 19 (42):161-190.score: 30.0
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  27. Alejandra Restrepo (2012). Femenismo y discurso de género. Reflexiones preliminares para un estudio sobre feminismo latinoamericano. Polis 9.score: 30.0
    Tras un paneo por el diccionario sobre los conceptos en juego en este artículo, afirma que el feminismo sigue teniendo razón de ser y que su desaparición, nombrada ya como el tiempo del posfeminismo, es una falacia; y que éste como ningún otro movimiento ha comprometido tanto la dimensión subjetiva del ser humano. Recuerda que el feminismo no encontró solución en la perspectiva de la lucha de clase, y revisa la crítica que se hace al discurso de género, a la (...)
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  28. Guillermo Restrepo & José L. Villaveces (2012). Mathematical Thinking in Chemistry. Hyle 18 (1):3 - 22.score: 30.0
    Mathematical chemistry is often thought to be a 20th-century subdiscipline of chemistry, but in this paper we discuss several early chemical ideas and some landmarks of chemistry as instances of the mathematical way of thinking; many of them before 1900. By the mathematical way of thinking, we follow Weyl's description of it in terms of functional thinking, i.e. setting up variables, symbolizing them, and seeking for functions relating them. The cases we discuss are Plato's triangles, Geoffroy's affinity table, Lavoisier's classification (...)
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  29. José Andrés Quintero Restrepo (2007). Patito feo, Henry Miller y el espíritu emprendedor entre las palabras intempestivas. Escritos 15 (35):350-371.score: 30.0
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  30. Garciadiego Dantan & Alejandro Ricardo (1992). Bertrand Russell and the Origins of the Set-Theoretic 'Paradoxes'. Birkhäuser Verlag.score: 30.0
  31. Guerra-Castañón Carlos Daniel, Avalos de la Tejera Maricarmen, González-Pérez Brian, Salas-Flores Ricardo & Sosa-López María Lucero (2013). Frecuencia de factores de riesgo para cáncer de mama en una unidad de atención primaria. El Dilema de la Enseñanza 27 (1):9.score: 30.0
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  32. Martin Federico Echavarria (2001). El inconsciente espiritual y la supraconciencia del espíritu según Jacques Maritain. Sapientia 56 (209):175-189.score: 30.0
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  33. Martín F. Echavarría (2013). La cantidad virtual (quantitas virtualis) según Tomás de Aquino. Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 46:235-259.score: 30.0
    Thomas Aquinas distinguishes quantity as a predicament ( quantitas dimensiva) from the mesure of the perfection of a being, which is called virtual quantity (quantitas virtualis or virtutis). Aquinas applies the concept of virtual quantity to the essence, being and operation. This is a central notion in Thomas Aquinas’ metaphysics of participation, for participation is like taking a “part” of a hole and that part represents a certain amount of perfection. Hence virtual quantity relates to the concept of virtus essendi (...)
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  34. Agustín Echavarría (2009). Leibiniz, GW, Obras filosóficas y científicas, 14. Correspondencia I. Anuario Filosófico 41 (3):706-709.score: 30.0
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  35. Agustin Ignacio Echavarria (2004). La imposibilidad de una filosofia no cristiana segùn Josef Pieper. Sapientia 59 (216):383-392.score: 30.0
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  36. Martín F. Echavarría (2005). La Praxis de la Psicología y Sus Niveles Epistemologicos Según Santo Tomás de Aquino. Documenta Universitaria.score: 30.0
    La psicologia contemporània sembla caracteritzar-se, des dels seus mateixos orígens, per la multiplicitat dels seus continguts, com també per la seva gairebé infinita fragmentació en corrents oposats. Això genera importants dificultats, no només a qui vol tenir-ne una primera aproximació, sinó també per als especialistes, que moltes vegades no arriben a una opinió suficientment clara sobre la naturalesa epistemològica de la psicologia, ni sobre la seva unitat disciplinar. Aquesta obra, sense descurar el problema global, se centra en un aspecte particular: (...)
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  37. S. Echavarría (2008). Momentos del enemigo. Antecedentes de una distinción. In Jorge Giraldo & Jerónimo Molina García (eds.), Carl Schmitt: Derecho, Política y Grandes Espacios. Fondo Editorial Universidad Eafit.score: 30.0
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  38. Martín Federico Echavarría (2002). Memoria e identidad según Santo Tomás de Aquino. Sapientia 57 (211):91-112.score: 30.0
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  39. Agustín Echavarría (2011). Metafísica Leibniziana de la Permisión Del Mal. Eunsa.score: 30.0
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