Search results for 'Richard E. Ashcroft' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  13
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2003). Constructing Empirical Bioethics: Foucauldian Reflections on the Empirical Turn in Bioethics Research. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 11 (1):3-13.
    The empirical turn in bioethics has been widely discussed by philosophical medical ethicists and social scientists. The focus of this discussion has been almost exclusively on methodological issues in research, on the admissibility of empirical evidence in rational argument, and on the possible superiority of empirical methods for permitting democratic lay involvement in decision-making. In this paper I consider how the collection of qualitative and quantitative social research evidence plays its part in the construction of social order, and how this (...)
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  2.  35
    Udo Schüklenk & Richard E. Ashcroft (2002). Affordable Access to Essential Medication in Developing Countries: Conflicts Between Ethical and Economic Imperatives. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):179 – 195.
    Recent economic and political advances in developing countries on the African continent and South East Asia are threatened by the rising death and morbidity rates of HIV/AIDS. In the first part of this paper we explain the reasons for the absence of affordable access to essential AIDS medication. In the second part we take a closer look at some of the pivotal frameworks relevant for this situation and undertake an ethical analysis of these frameworks. In the third part we discuss (...)
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  3.  15
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2004). Bioethics and Conflicts of Interest. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (1):155-165.
    Bioethics has been subject to considerable social criticism in recent years. One criticism that has caused particular discomfort in the bioethics community is that bioethicists, because of the way their work is funded, are involved in profound conflicts of interest that undermine their title to be considered independent moral commentators on developments in biomedicine and biotechnology. This criticism draws its force from the assumption that bioethics is, or ought to be, a type of normative social criticism. Versions of this criticism (...)
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  4. Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.) (2007). Principles of Health Care Ethics. John Wiley & Sons.
    Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition_is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the art introductions to (...)
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  5.  2
    Mary Dixon-Woods & Richard E. Ashcroft (2008). Regulation and the Social Licence for Medical Research. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):381-391.
    Regulation and governance of medical research is frequently criticised by researchers. In this paper, we draw on Everett Hughes’ concepts of professional licence and professional mandate, and on contemporary sociological theory on risk regulation, to explain the emergence of research governance and the kinds of criticism it receives. We offer explanations for researcher criticism of the rules and practices of research governance, suggesting that these are perceived as interference in their mandate. We argue that, in spite of their complaints, researchers (...)
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  6.  5
    Peter E. M. Butler, Alex Clarke & Richard E. Ashcroft (2004). Face Transplantation: When and for Whom? American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):16 – 17.
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  7.  10
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2013). Doing Good by Stealth: Comments on 'Salvaging the Concept of Nudge'. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):494-494.
    In ‘Salvaging the Concept of Nudge’ Yashar Saghai performs an important clarificatory task which certainly advances our philosophical and ethical understanding of nudges in public policy, and in healthcare ethics in particular.1 In this brief commentary I identify some issues which could usefully be taken forward in subsequent discussions.A central difficulty with ethical discussions of nudging is that insufficient care is taken to distinguish two morally important features of nudges. The first, which Saghai very properly concentrates upon, is the mechanism (...)
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  8.  5
    Ainsley J. Newson & Richard E. Ashcroft (2005). Whither Authenticity? American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):53 – 55.
  9.  16
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2001). Money, Consent, and Exploitation in Research. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):62-63.
  10.  11
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2004). From Public Interest to Political Justice. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (1):20-27.
    In this paper I examine the ways in which the concept of “public interest” is used in biomedical policymaking to justify the preemption or overruling of decisions made by individuals about their own, their family's, or group interests in the field of healthcare. I discuss six variants of public-interest justification, before going on to consider a concrete example, the use of personal health data in health services management and medical research. I distinguish between the global public interest and particular public (...)
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  11.  9
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2006). Fair Rationing is Essentially Local: An Argument for Postcode Prescribing. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 14 (3):135-144.
    In this paper I argue that resource allocation in publicly funded medical systems cannot be done using a purely substantive theory of justice, but must also involve procedural justice. I argue further that procedural justice requires institutions and that these must be “local” in a specific sense which I define. The argument rests on the informational constraints on any non-market method for allocating scarce resources among competing claims of need. However, I resist the identification of this normative account of local (...)
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  12. Richard E. Ashcroft, D. Chadwick, S. Clark, Richard H. T. Edwards & Lucy Frith (1997). Implications of Socio-Cultural Contexts for the Ethics of Clinical Trials. Core Research.
     
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  13.  15
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2000). Solidarity, Society and the Welfare State in the United Kingdom. Health Care Analysis 8 (4):377-394.
    Political argument and institutions in the UnitedKingdom have frequently been represented as the products of ablend of nationalistic conservatism, liberal individualism andsocialism, in which consensus has been prized over ideology. This situation changed, as the standard story has it, with therise of Thatcherism in the late 1970s, and again with the arrivalof Tony Blair's ``New Labour'' pragmatism in the late 1990s. Solidarity as an element of political discourse makes itsappearance in the UK late in the day. It has been most (...)
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  14.  36
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2005). Access to Essential Medicines: A Hobbesian Social Contract Approach. Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):121–141.
    ABSTRACTMedicines that are vital for the saving and preserving of life in conditions of public health emergency or endemic serious disease are known as essential medicines. In many developing world settings such medicines may be unavailable, or unaffordably expensive for the majority of those in need of them. Furthermore, for many serious diseases these essential medicines are protected by patents that permit the patent‐holder to operate a monopoly on their manufacture and supply, and to price these medicines well above marginal (...)
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  15.  11
    Richard E. Ashcroft & Karen P. Gui (2005). Ethics and World Pictures in Kamm on Enhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):19 – 20.
  16.  10
    Richard E. Ashcroft & Adam M. Hedgecoe (2006). Genetic Databases and Pharmacogenetics: Introduction. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (3):499-502.
    Since the inception of the Human Genome Project, human genetics has frequently been conducted through big science projects, combining academic, state and industrial methods, interests and resources. The legitimacy of such projects has been linked to national prestige and images of the nation, the purity of scientific endeavour, the entrepreneurial spirit, medical progress and the public health. A key complication in these discourses is that large-scale genetic research has yet to show major results when considered in terms of the objectives (...)
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  17.  38
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2003). Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and Autonomy in Bioethics and Politics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):359-366.
  18. John F. Kilner, Rebecca D. Pentz, Frank E. Young & Richard Ashcroft (2000). Book Reviews-Genetic Ethics: Do the Ends Justify the Genes? Bioethics 14 (3):274-275.
     
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  19.  11
    Jane L. Hutton & Richard E. Ashcroft (2000). Some Popular Versions of Uninformed Consent. Health Care Analysis 8 (1):41-53.
    A patient's informed consent is required by the Nuremberg code, and its successors, before she can be entered into a clinical trial. However, concern has been expressed by both patients and professionals about the beneficial or detrimental effect on the patient of asking for her consent. We examine advantages and drawbacks of popular variations on consent, which might reduce the stress on patients at the point of illness. Both informed and uninformed responses to particular trials, and trials in general, are (...)
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  20.  9
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2000). Teaching for Patient-Centred Ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):285-293.
    In this paper three models of teaching and learning medical ethics are discussed critically, the traditional and revised vocational models, and the patient-centred model. The autonomy-oriented patient-centred ethics of Beauchamp and Childress is rejected in favour of a hermeneutic practical ethics. A performative conception of ethics teaching is recommended as the most appropriate model for use in the theory and practice of ethics pedagogy.
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  21.  1
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2008). Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research (Review). International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):174-178.
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  22.  1
    Richard E. Ashcroft (2008). Steven Epstein,Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):174-178.
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  23. Richard E. Ashcroft (2004). Bioethics and Conflicts of Interest. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):155-165.
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  24.  3
    Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.) (2005). Case Analysis in Clinical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Case Analysis in Clinical Ethics is an eclectic review from a team of leading ethicists covering the main methods for analysing ethical problems in modern medicine. Anneke Lucassen, a clinician, begins by presenting an ethically challenging genetics case drawn from her clinical experience. It is then analysed from different theoretical points of view. Each ethicist takes a particular approach, illustrating it in action and giving the reader a basic grounding in its central elements. Each chapter can be read on its (...)
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  25. Richard E. Ashcroft & Adam M. Hedgecoe (2006). Genetic Databases and Pharmacogenetics: Introduction. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (3):499-502.
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  26. Richard E. Ashcroft (2003). Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and Autonomy in Bioethics and Politics: Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics: The Gifford Lectures, University of Edinburgh, 2001Onora O'Neill; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002, Pp. Xiii+ 213, Price£ 40.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-521-81540-1,£ 14.95 Paperback, ISBN 0-521-89453-0. A Question of Trust: The BBC Reith Lectures 2002Onora O'Neill; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002, Pp. Viii+ 100, Price£ 25.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-521-82304-8,£ 9.95 Paperback, ISBN 0-521-52996-4. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):359-366.
     
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  27. Richard E. Ashcroft (2003). Kant, Mill, Durkheim? Trust and Autonomy in Bioethics and Politics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):359-366.
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  28. Richard E. Ashcroft & Mary Dixon-Woods (2011). The Social Forms and Functions of Bioethics in the United Kingdom. In Catherine Myser (ed.), Bioethics Around the Globe. Oxford University Press
     
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  29.  5
    R. E. Ashcroft (2004). Drugs Symposium: Introduction. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):332-332.
    Deputy Editor Richard Ashcroft introduces four papers on drugs and autonomyIn this symposium we bring together four papers which consider novel approaches to the use and response to what are popularly known as “drugs”. The language available here is not altogether helpful—the drugs discussed have very different pharmacological effects, social acceptability, long and short term psychological effects, medical uses, and legal status.1 Arguably, the way these three drugs are considered as constituting a unified medical field can only be (...)
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  30.  1
    Robert V. Brody, Chalmers C. Clark, Michael L. Gross, Heta Aleksandra Gylling, John Harris, Matti Häyry & Susan E. Herz (2004). Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian of the Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This Library Serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-Gram and the University of California, Berkeley, School of Optometry. Richard E. Ashcroft, Ph. D., is Leverhulme Senior Lecturer in Medical Ethics At. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:1-2.
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  31.  5
    Angela Ballantyne, Belinda Bennett, Véronique Bergeron & Diana Buccafurni (2008). Richard E. Ashcroft is Professor of Bioethics in the School of Law at Queen Mary, at the University of London. He has Published Widely on Ethical Issues in Medical Research and in Public Health. His Current Research is on Bioethics and Human Rights and Equality and Difference in Reproductive Rights. [REVIEW] International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2).
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  32.  2
    Jean Richard (1991). SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich D.E., Theologische Enzyklopädie (1831-1832)SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich D.E., Theologische Enzyklopädie (1831-1832). [REVIEW] Laval Théologique et Philosophique 47 (2):284-285.
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  33. Jean Richard (1970). Weiland, J. Sperma. La Nouvelle Théologie. Préface de E. Schillebeeckx. Traduit du Néerlandais Par Jean Evrard, Bruges, Desclée de Brouwer, 1969, 304 Pages. [REVIEW] Laval Théologique et Philosophique 26 (1):96.
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  34. Thomas Alexander Szlezak & Marie-Dominique Richard (1999). La critique platonicienne de l'écrit vaut-elle aussi pour les dialogues de Platon? A propos d'une nouvelle interprétation de Phèdre 278 B 8-E 4: Le Phèdre de Platon. [REVIEW] Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 17 (2):49-62.
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  35.  15
    Richard Ashcroft (2008). Fair Process and the Redundancy of Bioethics: A Polemic. Public Health Ethics 1 (1):3-9.
    Queen Mary, University of London, School of Law, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. Tel: +442078825126, Fax: +442089818733, Email: r.ashcroft{at}qmul.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Recent doctrine in both national and international organisations concerned with public health planning and resource allocation has it that direct ethical justification of substantive decisions is so difficult as to be impossible. Instead, we should agree on criteria of procedural justice and reach decisions whose justification lies in (...)
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  36.  12
    Keith E. Stanovich Richard & F. West (1998). Individual Differences in Framing and Conjunction Effects. Thinking and Reasoning 4 (4):289 – 317.
    Individual differences on a variety of framing and conjunction problems were examined in light of Slovic and Tversky's (1974) understanding/acceptance principle-that more reflective and skilled reasoners are more likely to affirm the axioms that define normative reasoning and to endorse the task construals of informed experts. The predictions derived from the principle were confirmed for the much discussed framing effect in the Disease Problem and for the conjunction fallacy on the Linda Problem. Subjects of higher cognitive ability were disproportionately likely (...)
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  37. Richard Nisbett, Krantz E., H. David, Christopher Jepson & Ziva Kunda (1983). The Use of Statistical Heuristics in Everyday Inductive Reasoning. Psychological Review 90:339-363.
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  38.  6
    E. Petty Richard & Brinol Pablo (2008). Psychological Processes Underlying Persuasion. A Social Psychological Approach. Diogenes 55 (1).
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  39.  1
    E. Flathman Richard (1994). [Book Review] Willful Liberalism, Voluntarism and Individuality in Political Theory and Practice. [REVIEW] In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press 104--178.
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  40. E. Flathman Richard (1999). Fraternal, but Not Always Sisterly Twins: Negativity and Positivity in Liberal Theory. Social Research 66 (4).
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  41.  1
    Richard E. Creel (1984). Atheism and Freedom: A Response to Sartre and Baier: RICHARD E. CREEL. Religious Studies 20 (2):281-291.
    A few years ago I ran across a statement by Jean-Paul Sartre which seemed to imply that if there is a God, then there can be no human freedom. That thesis struck me as questionable, but at the time I did not pause to examine it. More recently I ran across a similar, more explicit statement by Kurt Baier, and I decided the time to pause had come. My knee-jerk response to Baier – and I confess it was probably nothing (...)
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  42.  6
    Stephen Joyce (2015). The Fearful Merging of Self and Other: Intra-Civilizational and Inter-Civilizational Colonial Cultures in Richard E. Kim’s Lost Names. Cultura 12 (1):85-98.
    Although most colonisations have been invasions of territory by neighbouring peoples with similar appearances, languages, and customs, postcolonial theory is dominated by cases of inter-civilizational imperialism between the West and the non-West. This article argues that a new theoretical framework is needed to describe intra-civilizational colonial encounters because the psychological conflicts of the intra-civilizational colonial sphere and their political ramifications function differently to those described in postcolonial theory. Drawing on Nobel Prize nominee Richard E. Kim’s memoir of growing up (...)
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  43.  3
    Richard E. Creel (1980). Can God Know That He Is God?: RICHARD E. CREEL. Religious Studies 16 (2):195-201.
    While reflecting one day on the enormous difficulties that men have in knowing that there is a God, a completely unexpected and unfamiliar question drifted into my purview – perhaps as a kind of ultimate expression of my philosophical frustration. ‘Indeed’, the question asked, ‘can even God know that he is God?’ At first I thought this query merely amusing. ‘Wouldn't it be funny if God cannot know that he is God! But of course he can.’ So my mind wandered (...)
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  44.  1
    Richard E. Creel (1981). Happiness and Resurrection: A Reply to Morreall: RICHARD E. CREEL. Religious Studies 17 (3):387-393.
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  45.  14
    E. J. Kenney (1966). Juvenal: Satires. Translated by Jerome Mazzaro with an Introduction and Notes by Richard E. Braun. Pp. [Viii]+235. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1965. Cloth, $5.00. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 16 (01):118-.
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  46.  12
    Ricardo Araujo (2015). A filosofia da educação de Richard Rorty: conservadorismo e elitismo ou reformismo e edificação privada? Educacao E Filosofia 29 (58):665-686.
    This paper aims of is to present Richard Rorty’s Philosophy of Education, through his analysis of the education as being divided into two distinct processes: socialization and individualization. Thereafter, it is intended to show two critiques, of conservadorism and elitism, that are addressed to these processes. Finally, a redescription of the Rorty’s positions will be proposed, by assigning a reformist character to its apparent conservatism and a private character to the supposedly elitist individualization, in order to weaken the strength (...)
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  47.  3
    Lenise Moura Fé Almeida (2014). O princípio responsabilidade, a esperança em Ernest Bloch E o orgulho nacional: Uma simétrica oposição entre a heurística do medo em Hans Jonas E a esperança social em Richard Rorty. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 5 (10):12-19.
    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo desenvolver uma comparação direta entre a ética da futurologia jonasiana e o neopragmatismo rortyano no que diz respeito ao tema da esperança na prática política. Este tema foi amplamente discutido por Ernest Bloch que propõe um princípio esperança capaz de ser o impulso basilar para que o homem transcenda o presente em direção ao futuro. Por sua vez, Richard Rorty aborda este tema enquanto esperança social, que diz respeito à manutenção do orgulho nacional (...)
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  48.  22
    Patrick Allo (2015). Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel, and S. G. Sterrett: Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy and Computer Science. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 25 (3):291-296.
  49.  24
    Mario Garitta (2012). Debi Ghate and Richard E. Ralston: Why Businessmen Need Philosophy: The Capitalist’s Guide to the Ideas Behind Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged. Poiesis and Praxis 8 (4):197-201.
    The essays in this book are meant to serve as an introduction to those ideas of Ayn Rand, which are of particular relevance to business people. Rand was known as a spirited defender of the laissez-faire free enterprise system. It is less commonly known that Rand was also deeply committed to the centrality of the enterprise of philosophy for both public and private life. The essays in this book try to bridge the gap between these two aspects of Rand’s thought. (...)
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  50.  5
    Constance B. Bouchard (2006). Richard E. Barton, Lordship in the County of Maine, C.890–1160. Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2004. Pp. Xvii, 255; Genealogical Tables and 4 Maps. $75. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (1):141-142.
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