Search results for 'Richard E. Michod' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  31
    Richard E. Michod (2005). On the Transfer of Fitness From the Cell to the Multicellular Organism. Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):967-987.
    The fitness of any evolutionary unit can be understood in terms of its two basic components: fecundity (reproduction) and viability (survival). Trade-offs between these fitness components drive the evolution of life-history traits in extant multicellular organisms. We argue that these trade-offs gain special significance during the transition from unicellular to multicellular life. In particular, the evolution of germ–soma specialization and the emergence of individuality at the cell group (or organism) level are also consequences of trade-offs between the two basic fitness (...)
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  2.  11
    Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod (2014). Levels of Selection and the Formal Darwinism Project. Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):217-224.
    Understanding good design requires addressing the question of what units undergo natural selection, thereby becoming adapted. There is, therefore, a natural connection between the formal Darwinism project (which aims to connect population genetics with the evolution of design and fitness maximization) and levels of selection issues. We argue that the formal Darwinism project offers contradictory and confusing lines of thinking concerning level(s) of selection. The project favors multicellular organisms over both the lower (cell) and higher (social group) levels as the (...)
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  3.  47
    Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod (2010). Philosophical Foundations for the Hierarchy of Life. Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):391-403.
    We review Evolution and the Levels of Selection by Samir Okasha. This important book provides a cohesive philosophical framework for understanding levels-of-selections problems in biology. Concerning evolutionary transitions, Okasha proposes that three stages characterize the shift from a lower level of selection to a higher one. We discuss the application of Okasha’s three-stage concept to the evolutionary transition from unicellularity to multicellularity in the volvocine green algae. Okasha’s concepts are a provocative step towards a more general understanding of the major (...)
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  4.  10
    Deborah E. Shelton & Richard E. Michod (2014). Group Selection and Group Adaptation During a Major Evolutionary Transition: Insights From the Evolution of Multicellularity in the Volvocine Algae. Biological Theory 9 (4):452-469.
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  5.  60
    Henry C. Byerly & Richard E. Michod (1991). Fitness and Evolutionary Explanation. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):45-53.
    Recent philosophical discussions have failed to clarify the roles of the concept fitness in evolutionary theory. Neither the propensity interpretation of fitness nor the construal of fitness as a primitive theoretical term succeed in explicating the empirical content and explanatory power of the theory of natural selection. By appealing to the structure of simple mathematical models of natural selection, we separate out different contrasts which have tended to confuse discussions of fitness: the distinction between what fitness is defined as versus (...)
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  6.  4
    Richard E. Michod (2011). Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality: Multicellularity and Sex. In Brett Calcott & Kim Sterelny (eds.), The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited. MIT Press 169--198.
    This chapter combines formal models of how the fitness of a collective can become decoupled from the fitness with more empirical work on the volvocine algae. It uses the Volvox clade as a model system. It describes the evolution of altruism in the volvocine green algae. This chapter suggests that altruism may evolve from genes involved in life-history trade-offs. It shows the several cooperation, conflict, and conflict mediation cycles in the volvocine green algae. This cycle of cooperation, conflict, and conflict (...)
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  7.  13
    Richard E. Michod (1981). Positive Heuristics in Evolutionary Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):1-36.
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  8.  4
    Richard E. Michod (1986). On Fitness and Adaptedness and Their Role in Evolutionary Explanation. Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):289 - 302.
  9. Richard E. Michod (1993). Biology and the Origin of Values. In R. Michod, L. Nadel & M. Hechter (eds.), The Origin of Values. Aldine de Gruyer 261--271.
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  10. Richard E. Michod (1986). On Fitness and Adaptedness and Their Role in Evolutionary Explanation. Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):289-302.
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  11. Richard E. Michod (forthcoming). On the Transfer of Fitness From the Cell to the Organism. Biology and Philosophy.(Forthcoming).
     
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  12.  5
    Jeffrey Ihara (1999). Darwinian Dynamics: Evolutionary Transitions in Fitness and Individuality by Richard E. Michod. Complexity 5 (1):42-43.
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  13. P. S. Timiras (2002). Darwinian Dynamics: Evolutionary Transitions in Fitness and Individuality. By Richard E. Michod. The European Legacy 7 (4):532-532.
     
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  14.  2
    Jean Richard (1991). SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich D.E., Theologische Enzyklopädie (1831-1832)SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich D.E., Theologische Enzyklopädie (1831-1832). [REVIEW] Laval Théologique et Philosophique 47 (2):284-285.
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  15. Jean Richard (1970). Weiland, J. Sperma. La Nouvelle Théologie. Préface de E. Schillebeeckx. Traduit du Néerlandais Par Jean Evrard, Bruges, Desclée de Brouwer, 1969, 304 Pages. [REVIEW] Laval Théologique et Philosophique 26 (1):96.
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  16. Thomas Alexander Szlezak & Marie-Dominique Richard (1999). La critique platonicienne de l'écrit vaut-elle aussi pour les dialogues de Platon? A propos d'une nouvelle interprétation de Phèdre 278 B 8-E 4: Le Phèdre de Platon. [REVIEW] Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 17 (2):49-62.
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  17.  14
    R. Michod (2011). Diversity in the Epistemology Group: Ernst von Glasersfeld and the Question of Adaptation. Constructivist Foundations 6 (2):162-163.
    Upshot: Richard Michod is professor and head of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Arizona. He met Ernst von Glasersfeld at the University of Georgia and was a member of the Thursday evening epistemology seminar group. In his essay he recalls the discussions he had with Ernst on the nature of evolution and adaptation.
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  18.  12
    Keith E. Stanovich Richard & F. West (1998). Individual Differences in Framing and Conjunction Effects. Thinking and Reasoning 4 (4):289 – 317.
    Individual differences on a variety of framing and conjunction problems were examined in light of Slovic and Tversky's (1974) understanding/acceptance principle-that more reflective and skilled reasoners are more likely to affirm the axioms that define normative reasoning and to endorse the task construals of informed experts. The predictions derived from the principle were confirmed for the much discussed framing effect in the Disease Problem and for the conjunction fallacy on the Linda Problem. Subjects of higher cognitive ability were disproportionately likely (...)
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  19. Richard Nisbett, Krantz E., H. David, Christopher Jepson & Ziva Kunda (1983). The Use of Statistical Heuristics in Everyday Inductive Reasoning. Psychological Review 90:339-363.
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  20.  6
    E. Petty Richard & Brinol Pablo (2008). Psychological Processes Underlying Persuasion. A Social Psychological Approach. Diogenes 55 (1).
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  21.  1
    E. Flathman Richard (1994). [Book Review] Willful Liberalism, Voluntarism and Individuality in Political Theory and Practice. [REVIEW] In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press 104--178.
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  22. E. Flathman Richard (1999). Fraternal, but Not Always Sisterly Twins: Negativity and Positivity in Liberal Theory. Social Research 66 (4).
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  23.  1
    Richard E. Creel (1984). Atheism and Freedom: A Response to Sartre and Baier: RICHARD E. CREEL. Religious Studies 20 (2):281-291.
    A few years ago I ran across a statement by Jean-Paul Sartre which seemed to imply that if there is a God, then there can be no human freedom. That thesis struck me as questionable, but at the time I did not pause to examine it. More recently I ran across a similar, more explicit statement by Kurt Baier, and I decided the time to pause had come. My knee-jerk response to Baier – and I confess it was probably nothing (...)
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  24.  6
    Stephen Joyce (2015). The Fearful Merging of Self and Other: Intra-Civilizational and Inter-Civilizational Colonial Cultures in Richard E. Kim’s Lost Names. Cultura 12 (1):85-98.
    Although most colonisations have been invasions of territory by neighbouring peoples with similar appearances, languages, and customs, postcolonial theory is dominated by cases of inter-civilizational imperialism between the West and the non-West. This article argues that a new theoretical framework is needed to describe intra-civilizational colonial encounters because the psychological conflicts of the intra-civilizational colonial sphere and their political ramifications function differently to those described in postcolonial theory. Drawing on Nobel Prize nominee Richard E. Kim’s memoir of growing up (...)
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  25.  3
    Richard E. Creel (1980). Can God Know That He Is God?: RICHARD E. CREEL. Religious Studies 16 (2):195-201.
    While reflecting one day on the enormous difficulties that men have in knowing that there is a God, a completely unexpected and unfamiliar question drifted into my purview – perhaps as a kind of ultimate expression of my philosophical frustration. ‘Indeed’, the question asked, ‘can even God know that he is God?’ At first I thought this query merely amusing. ‘Wouldn't it be funny if God cannot know that he is God! But of course he can.’ So my mind wandered (...)
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  26.  1
    Richard E. Creel (1981). Happiness and Resurrection: A Reply to Morreall: RICHARD E. CREEL. Religious Studies 17 (3):387-393.
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  27.  14
    E. J. Kenney (1966). Juvenal: Satires. Translated by Jerome Mazzaro with an Introduction and Notes by Richard E. Braun. Pp. [Viii]+235. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1965. Cloth, $5.00. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 16 (01):118-.
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  28.  12
    Ricardo Araujo (2015). A filosofia da educação de Richard Rorty: conservadorismo e elitismo ou reformismo e edificação privada? Educacao E Filosofia 29 (58):665-686.
    This paper aims of is to present Richard Rorty’s Philosophy of Education, through his analysis of the education as being divided into two distinct processes: socialization and individualization. Thereafter, it is intended to show two critiques, of conservadorism and elitism, that are addressed to these processes. Finally, a redescription of the Rorty’s positions will be proposed, by assigning a reformist character to its apparent conservatism and a private character to the supposedly elitist individualization, in order to weaken the strength (...)
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  29.  1
    Robert V. Brody, Chalmers C. Clark, Michael L. Gross, Heta Aleksandra Gylling, John Harris, Matti Häyry & Susan E. Herz (2004). Bette Anton, MLS, is Head Librarian of the Pamela and Kenneth Fong Optometry and Health Sciences Library. This Library Serves the University of California, Berkeley–University of California, San Francisco Joint Medical Pro-Gram and the University of California, Berkeley, School of Optometry. Richard E. Ashcroft, Ph. D., is Leverhulme Senior Lecturer in Medical Ethics At. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13:1-2.
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  30.  3
    Lenise Moura Fé Almeida (2014). O princípio responsabilidade, a esperança em Ernest Bloch E o orgulho nacional: Uma simétrica oposição entre a heurística do medo em Hans Jonas E a esperança social em Richard Rorty. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 5 (10):12-19.
    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo desenvolver uma comparação direta entre a ética da futurologia jonasiana e o neopragmatismo rortyano no que diz respeito ao tema da esperança na prática política. Este tema foi amplamente discutido por Ernest Bloch que propõe um princípio esperança capaz de ser o impulso basilar para que o homem transcenda o presente em direção ao futuro. Por sua vez, Richard Rorty aborda este tema enquanto esperança social, que diz respeito à manutenção do orgulho nacional (...)
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  31.  22
    Patrick Allo (2015). Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel, and S. G. Sterrett: Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy and Computer Science. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 25 (3):291-296.
  32.  24
    Mario Garitta (2012). Debi Ghate and Richard E. Ralston: Why Businessmen Need Philosophy: The Capitalist’s Guide to the Ideas Behind Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged. Poiesis and Praxis 8 (4):197-201.
    The essays in this book are meant to serve as an introduction to those ideas of Ayn Rand, which are of particular relevance to business people. Rand was known as a spirited defender of the laissez-faire free enterprise system. It is less commonly known that Rand was also deeply committed to the centrality of the enterprise of philosophy for both public and private life. The essays in this book try to bridge the gap between these two aspects of Rand’s thought. (...)
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  33.  5
    Constance B. Bouchard (2006). Richard E. Barton, Lordship in the County of Maine, C.890–1160. Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2004. Pp. Xvii, 255; Genealogical Tables and 4 Maps. $75. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (1):141-142.
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  34.  9
    David Basinger (1988). Philosophical Grounds of Rationality: Intentions, Categories, Ends. By Richard E. Grandy and Richard Warner. Modern Schoolman 65 (2):137-138.
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  35.  22
    P. T. Eden (1981). Richard E. Clairmont: A Commentary on Seneca's Apocolocyntosis Divi Claudii. Glose In Librum De Ludo Claudii Annei Senece. Pp. Viii + 121; Plates I–XVI. Chicago: Ares Publishers, 1980. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 31 (02):328-.
  36. Douglas Browning (2007). James Campbell and Richard E. Hart , Experience as Philosophy: On the Work of John J. McDermott. [REVIEW] Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4):787-795.
     
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  37.  20
    S. R. F. Price (1989). Richard E. Oster: A Bibliography of Ancient Ephesus. (American Theological Library Association Bibliography Series, 19.) Pp. Xxiv+155. Metuchen, N.J. And London: American Theological Library Association & Scarecrow Press, 1987. £22.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (01):148-149.
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  38.  20
    R. T. Ridley (1992). Richard E. Mitchell: Patricians and Plebeians: The Origin of the Roman State. Pp. Xvi + 276. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1990. $28.95. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 42 (02):464-466.
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  39.  4
    Daryl J. Wennemann (1996). Ethics and the Environment. Edited by Richard E. Hart. Modern Schoolman 73 (4):355-356.
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  40.  13
    Susanna Phillippo (1994). Richard E. Goodkin: The Tragic Middle. Racine, Aristotle, Euripides. Pp. Ix+211. Madisonw, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1992. Cased, £29.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (01):233-234.
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  41.  6
    A. Brito Cunhdaa (1991). Commentary on the Paper by H.C. Byerly and R.E. Michod, “Fitness and Evolutionary Explanation”. Biology and Philosophy 6 (1).
  42.  1
    William J. Rapaport (1988). Ladner Richard E. And Reif John H.. The Logic of Distributed Protocols . Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning About Knowledge, Proceedings of the 1986 Conference, Edited by Halpern Joseph Y., Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos 1986, Pp. 207–222. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):667.
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  43. D. P. Dryer (1990). Richard E. Aquila, Matter in Mind: A Study of Kant's Transcendental Deduction Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 10 (3):91-92.
     
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  44.  5
    Angela Ballantyne, Belinda Bennett, Véronique Bergeron & Diana Buccafurni (2008). Richard E. Ashcroft is Professor of Bioethics in the School of Law at Queen Mary, at the University of London. He has Published Widely on Ethical Issues in Medical Research and in Public Health. His Current Research is on Bioethics and Human Rights and Equality and Difference in Reproductive Rights. [REVIEW] International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2).
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  45.  12
    Paul Brazier (2010). The Lord of the Rings: Scholarship in Honor of Richard E. Blackwelder. Edited by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, Shadows and Chivalry: Pain, Suffering, Evil and Goodness in the Works of George MacDonald and C.S. Lewis (Studies in Christian History & Thought). By Jeff McInnis and Inklings of Heaven: C. S. Lewis and Eschatology. By Sean Connolly. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 51 (1):161-164.
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  46.  12
    Thornton Anderson (1982). Book Review:The Practice of Political Authority: Authority and the Authoritative. Richard E. Flathman. [REVIEW] Ethics 93 (1):164-.
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  47. Adamantia Pollis (1982). Richard E. Flathman, The Practice of Political Authority Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 2 (2/3):89-93.
     
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  48.  10
    William A. Galston (1999). Richard E. Flathman, Reflections of a Would‐Be Anarchist: Ideals and Institutions of Liberalism:Reflections of a Would‐Be Anarchist: Ideals and Institutions of Liberalism. Ethics 109 (3):663-666.
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  49.  1
    Matthew R. Jantzen (2015). An American Scholar Recalls Karl Barth’s Golden Years as a Teacher by Raymond Kemp Anderson, And: The Westminster Handbook to Karl Barth Ed. By Richard E. Burnett. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 35 (2):207-209.
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  50.  3
    Judson Boyce Allen (1983). Richard E. Clairmont, Ed., A Commentary on Seneca's “Apocolocyntosis Diui Claudii” or “Glose in Librum de Ludo Claudii Annei Senece.” Critical Edition with Facing English Translation, Commentary, Notes, Indices, and Facsimile of Cod. Balliol 130. Chicago: Ares, 1980. Pp. Viii, 121, Plus 16 Facsimile Plates. [REVIEW] Speculum 58 (3):844.
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