Search results for 'Richard E. Otte' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Davis Baird & Richard E. Otte (1982). How to Commit the Gambler's Fallacy and Get Away with It. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:169 - 180.score: 870.0
    In a recent article Ian Hacking argues that there can be cases where no probabilities may correctly be ascribed to individual members of a population, while probabilities are correctly ascribable to the population as a whole. In this paper a simple artificial coin-flipping model for such probabilities, not 'grounded from below' is constructed. The inferences licensed by this model and a consequence of the model for the theory of statistical tests is explored.
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  2. Richard Otte (2003). Review of Richard Swinburne, The Resurrection of God Incarnate. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (9).score: 540.0
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  3. Miguel Alfredo Orth, Fabiane Sarmento Oliveira Fuet, Janete Otte & Marcus Freitas Neves (2013). Ambientes virtuais de aprendizagem e formação continuada de professores na modalidade a distância // Virtual learning environments and continuous teachers training in distance modality. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18.score: 480.0
    Com este artigo, problematizou-se o potencial da formação continuada de professores por meio da educação a distância mediada pelo Moodle. Nessa perspectiva, pesquisou-se, principalmente, a integração hipermidiática das tecnologias nesse ambiente virtual de aprendizagem, no curso a distância de pós-graduação lato sensu em Mídias na Educação. Para isso, selecionou-se uma aula de uma disciplina desse curso oferecida no primeiro semestre de 2011 por uma universidade na qual um dos autores deste artigo trabalhou como professor-tutor. Assim, foi realizada uma investigação com (...)
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  4. Miguel Alfredo Orth, Fabiane Sarmento Oliveira Fuet, Janete Otte & Marcus Freitas Neves (2013). Ambientes virtuais de aprendizagem e formação continuada de professores na modalidade a distância // Virtual learning environments and continuous teachers training in distance modality. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18 (1):42-58.score: 480.0
    Com este artigo, problematizou-se o potencial da formação continuada de professores por meio da educação a distância mediada pelo Moodle. Nessa perspectiva, pesquisou-se, principalmente, a integração hipermidiática das tecnologias nesse ambiente virtual de aprendizagem, no curso a distância de pós-graduação lato sensu em Mídias na Educação. Para isso, selecionou-se uma aula de uma disciplina desse curso oferecida no primeiro semestre de 2011 por uma universidade na qual um dos autores deste artigo trabalhou como professor-tutor. Assim, foi realizada uma investigação com (...)
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  5. Richard Otte (2004). Review of Fogelin, A Defense of Hume on Miracles. [REVIEW] Hume Studies 30 (1):165-68.score: 240.0
    With A Defense of Hume on Miracles Robert Fogelin enters the recent discussion on Hume’s treatment of miracles. In this short book Fogelin begins by presenting his interpretation of Hume’s argument concerning miracles. The second chapter is a lengthy treatment of recent work by David Johnson and John Earman, and the third short chapter is a discussion of the relation of Hume’s view on miracles to his broader philosophy. There are also two appendices and the text of “Of Miracles.”.
     
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  6. Richard Otte (1996). Mackie's Treatment of Miracles. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (3):151 - 158.score: 240.0
    A recent discussion of Hume’s argument concerning the rationality of accepting a belief that a miracle has occurred is given by J. L. Mackie in The Miracle of Theism. Mackie believes that Hume’s argument is essentially correct, although he attempts to clarify and strengthen it. Any version of Hume’s argument depends upon one’s conception of miracles and laws of nature; I will argue that Mackie commits a simple logical error and that given his conception of laws of nature (...)
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  7. Richard Otte (2002). Rowe's Probabilistic Argument From Evil. Faith and Philosophy 19 (2):147-171.score: 240.0
    In this article I investigate Rowe's recent probabilistic argument from evil. By using muddy Venn diagrams to present his argument, we see that although his argument is fallacious, it can be modified in a way that strengthens it considerably. I then discuss the recent exchange between Rowe and Plantinga over this argument. Although Rowe's argument is not an argument from degenerate evidence as Plantinga claimed, it is problematic because it is an argument from partitioned evidence. I conclude by discussing the (...)
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  8. Richard Otte (1990). Scientific Realism, Perceptual Beliefs, and Justification. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:393 - 404.score: 240.0
    This paper investigates the justification of certain beliefs central to scientific realism. Some have claimed that the underdetermination of a theory by empirical evidence implies that belief in the truth of the theory and in the existence of the corresponding unobservable entities is unjustified. It is argued that the justification of certain realist beliefs is similar to the justification of our perceptual beliefs. Neither are justified by argument from more basic beliefs, and their underdetermination by the evidence does not affect (...)
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  9. Richard Otte (1987). Indeterminism, Counterfactuals, and Causation. Philosophy of Science 54 (1):45-62.score: 240.0
    In this paper I wish to argue that counterfactual analyses of causation are inadequate. I believe the counterfactuals that are involved in counterfactual analyses of causation are often false, and thus the theories do not provide an adequate account of causation. This is demonstrated by the presentation of a counterexample to the counterfactual analyses of causation. I then present a unified theory of causation that is based upon probability and counterfactuals. This theory accounts for both deterministic and indeterministic causation, and (...)
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  10. Richard Otte (2009). Transworld Depravity and Unobtainable Worlds. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (1):165-177.score: 240.0
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  11. Richard Otte (2000). Evidential Arguments From Evil. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 48 (1):1-10.score: 240.0
    Recent discussion of the problem of evil has centered around what is known as the probabilistic or evidential argument from evil. According to this argument the evil in our world is evidence against the existence of God, even though evil is logically consistent with God’s existing. Based on this it is claimed it is irrational to believe one of the traditional theistic religions, unless there is overwhelming positive evidence to counter this negative evidence. One of the most important and widely (...)
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  12. Richard Otte (2014). Passionate Reason. Faith and Philosophy 31 (2):160-180.score: 240.0
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  13. Richard Otte (1981). A Critique of Suppes' Theory of Probabilistic Causality. Synthese 48 (2):167 - 189.score: 240.0
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  14. Richard Otte (1982). Modality as a Metalinguistic Predicate. Philosophical Studies 41 (2):153 - 159.score: 240.0
    Philosophers generally use the idea of necessity in two ways. One way of looking at necessity is to construe it as a sentential operator. Necessity would operate on sentences in much the same way that the sentential operator of..
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  15. Richard Otte (1987). A Defense of Middle Knowledge. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 21 (3):161 - 169.score: 240.0
    tionals, which means that he knows what actions would be necessary for him to perform in order to bring about a certain outcome. Because he is omnipotent, he can do whatever action is necessary to bring about a certain outcome that he desires. His benevolence implies that he will want to actualize the best possible world, or at least a world containing no evil. Given this scenario it is argued..
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  16. Richard Otte (1994). A Solution to a Problem for Bayesian Confirmation Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):764-769.score: 240.0
    Charles Chihara has presented a problem he claims Bayesian confirmation theory cannot handle. Chihara gives examples in which he claims the change in belief cannot be construced as conditionalizing on new evidence. These are situations in which the agent suddenly thinks of new possibilities. I propose a solution that incorporates the important ideas of Bayesian theory. In particular, I present a principle which shows that the change of belief in Chihara's example is due to simple conditionalization.
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  17. Richard Otte (2006). Counterfactuals and Epistemic Probability. Synthese 152 (1):81 - 93.score: 240.0
    Philosophers have often attempted to use counterfactual conditionals to analyze probability. This article focuses on counterfactual analyzes of epistemic probability by Alvin Plantinga and Peter van Inwagen. I argue that a certain type of counterfactual situation creates problems for these analyses. I then argue that Plantinga's intuition about the role of warrant in epistemic probability is mistaken. Both van Inwagen's and Plantinga's intuitions about epistemic probability are flawed.
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  18. Richard Otte (1985). Probabilistic Causality and Simpson's Paradox. Philosophy of Science 52 (1):110-125.score: 240.0
    This paper discusses Simpson's paradox and the problem of positive relevance in probabilistic causality. It is argued that Cartwright's solution to Simpson's paradox fails because it ignores one crucial form of the paradox. After clarifying different forms of the paradox, it is shown that any adequate solution to the paradox must allow a cause to be both a negative cause and a positive cause of..
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  19. Richard Otte (1987). A Theistic Conception of Probability. Faith and Philosophy 4 (4):427-447.score: 240.0
    Although the doctrines of theism are rich enough to support a distinctively theistic conception of probability, historically there has been little discussion of probability from a theistic perspective. In this article I investigate how a theist might view epistemic probability. A unique conception of probability naturally follows from ideas central to theism, and it is argued that this conception of probability avoids many problems associated with other interpretations of probability.
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  20. Richard Otte (2005). A Defense of Hume on Miracles. Hume Studies 31 (1):165-168.score: 240.0
  21. Richard Otte (2012). Comparative Confirmation and the Problem of Evil. In Jake Chandler Victoria S. Harrison (ed.), Probability in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford. 127.score: 240.0
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  22. Richard Otte (1993). Philosophy of Physics. Teaching Philosophy 16 (3):259-260.score: 240.0
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  23. Richard Otte (1993). Schlesinger and Miracles. Faith and Philosophy 10 (1):93-98.score: 240.0
    George Schlesinger has recently presented a reply to Hume’s argument concerning miracles. Schlesinger argues that probability theory and some simple assumptions about miracles show that testimony for a miracle increases the probability of God existing; furthermore this testimony can raise the probability of God existing enough that it is rational to believe that God exists. I argue that one of the assumptions that Schlesinger makes is false, and that the justification Schlesinger gives for it does not succeed. Thus I claim (...)
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  24. Richard Otte (1986). Reichenbach, Causation, and Explanation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:59 - 65.score: 240.0
    This paper investigates the differences between two conceptions of causation which are claimed to amount for causation in indeterministic situations. Recent analyses of indeterministic causation have been based upon mark transmission, and upon probability relations. Both types of analyses were proposed by Reichenbach, who claimed that they were extensionally equivalent. I demonstrate that they are not equivalent, and discuss some implications of this for models of scientific explanation.
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  25. Richard Otte (1987). Subjective Probability, Objective Probability, and Coherence. Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (3):373-380.score: 240.0
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  26. Richard Otte (1983). Critical Review: Brian Skyrms, Causal Necessity. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 44 (3):425 - 433.score: 240.0
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  27. Richard Otte (1987). Critical Discussion: McCall and Counterfactuals. Noûs 21 (3):421-425.score: 240.0
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  28. Richard Otte (1985). John Earman, Ed., Testing Scientific Theories Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 5 (4):161-163.score: 240.0
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  29. Richard Otte (1983). Review: Critical Review: Brian Skyrms, "Causal Necessity". [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 44 (3):425 - 433.score: 240.0
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  30. Richard Otte (2005). Robert J. Fogelin. A Defense of Hume on Miracles. Hume Studies 31 (1):165-168.score: 240.0
  31. Deborah Rabinowitz & Michael J. Smith (1982). Inventorying Natural Areas Natural Heritage: Classification, Inventory, and Information Albert E. Radford Deborah Kay Strady Otte Lee J. Otte Jimmy R. Massey Paul D. Whitson. [REVIEW] BioScience 32 (6):545-545.score: 120.0
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  32. God Exists, Robert K. Meyer & Materialism Rorty (1987). McCall and Counter/Actuals, Richard Otte. Philosophical Quarterly 37 (147).score: 120.0
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  33. Kelly James Clark & Michael Rea (eds.) (2012). Reason, Metaphysics, and Mind: New Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Plantinga. OUP USA.score: 81.0
    In May 2010, philosophers, family and friends gathered at the University of Notre Dame to celebrate the career and retirement of Alvin Plantinga, widely recognized as one of the world's leading figures in metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of religion. Plantinga has earned particular respect within the community of Christian philosophers for the pivotal role that he played in the recent renewal and development of philosophy of religion and philosophical theology. Each of the essays in this volume engages with some (...)
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  34. John W. Carroll (1992). The Unanimity Theory and Probabilistic Sufficiency. Philosophy of Science 59 (3):471-479.score: 81.0
    The unanimity theory is an account of property-level causation requiring that causes raise the probability of their effects in specified test situations. Richard Otte (1981) and others have presented counterexamples in which one property is probabilistically sufficient for at least one other property. Given the continuing discussion (e.g., Cartwright 1989; Cartwright and Dupre 1988; Eells 1988a,b), many apparently think that these problems are minor. By considering the impact of Otte's cases on recent versions of the theory, by (...)
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  35. Ellery Eells (1987). Cartwright and Otte on Simpson's Paradox. Philosophy of Science 54 (2):233-243.score: 54.0
    Richard Otte (1985) has recently criticized the resolution of Simpson's paradox given by Nancy Cartwright (1979). He argues that there are difficulties with the version of the theory of probabilistic causality that Cartwright has developed, and that there is a way in which Simpson's paradox can arise that Cartwright's theory cannot handle. And Otte develops his own theory of probabilistic causality. I defend Cartwright's solution, and I argue that there are difficulties with the theory of probabilistic causality (...)
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  36. Constantino Esposito (1989). Heidegger: vita e destino. Sulla biografia heideggeriana di Hugo Ott. Giornale di Metafisica: Revista Bimestrale di Filosofia 11 (3):477-492.score: 40.0
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  37. Alvin Plantinga (2004). Supralapsarianism, or 'O Felix Culpa'. In Peter van Inwagen (ed.), Christian Faith and the Problem of Evil. Eerdmanns. 1-25.score: 24.0
    The problem of evil has challenged religious minds and hearts throughout the ages. Just how can the presence of suffering, tragedy, and wrongdoing be squared with the all-powerful, all-loving God of faith? This book gathers some of the best, most meaningful recent reflections on the problem of evil, with contributions by shrewd thinkers in the areas of philosophy, theology, literature, linguistics, and sociology. In addition to bringing new insights to the old problem of evil, Christian Faith and the Problem of (...)
     
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  38. E. J. Kenney (1978). Wilhelm Ott: Metrische Analysen zu Vergil Aeneis Buch VI. Pp. xxi + 190. DM. 38. Metrische Analysen zu Vergil Aeneis Buch I. Pp. xvii + 164. DM. 32. Metrische Analysen zu Vergil Aeneis Buch XII. Pp. xvii + 203. DM. 38. Metrische Analysen zu Catull Carmen 64. Pp. xvii + 96. DM. 24. Metrische Analysen zu Statius The bais Buch I. Pp. xvi + 155. DM. 32. (Materialien zu Metrik und Stilistik, 1–5.) Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1973. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 28 (01):164-.score: 12.0
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  39. E. J. Kenney (1978). Wilhelm Ott: Metrische Analysen zu Lukrez De rerum natura Buch I. Pp. xvii + 210. DM. 42. Metrische Analysen zu Ovid Metamorphosen Buch I. Pp. xvi +153. DM. 33. (Materialien zu Metrik und Stilistik, 6–7.) Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1974. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 28 (01):165-.score: 12.0
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  40. John S. Ott (2004). H. E. J. Cowdrey, Trans., The Register of Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. Pp. Xix, 464. [REVIEW] Speculum 79 (4):1059-1062.score: 12.0
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  41. Walter Ott (2009). Teaching & Learning Guide For: Locke on Language. Philosophy Compass 4 (5):877-879.score: 10.0
    Although a fascination with language is a familiar feature of 20th-century empiricism, its origins reach back at least to the early modern period empiricists. John Locke offers a detailed (if sometimes puzzling) treatment of language and uses it to illuminate key regions of the philosophical topography, particularly natural kinds and essences. Locke's main conceptual tool for dealing with language is 'signification'. Locke's central linguistic thesis is this: words signify nothing but ideas. This on its face seems absurd. Don't we need (...)
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  42. Joseph J. Kockelmans (1972). On Heidegger and Language. Evanston [Ill.]Northwestern University Press.score: 8.0
    Language, meaning, and ek-sistence, by J. J. Kockelmans.--Heidegger's conception of language in Being and time, by J. Aler.--Poetry and language in Heidegger, by W. Biemel.--Heidegger's topology of being, by O. Pöggeler.--Thinking and poetizing in Heidegger, by H. Birault.--Hermeneutic and personal structure of language, by H. Ott.--Ontological difference, hermeneutics, and language, by J. J. Kockelmans.--The world in another beginning: poetic dwelling and the role of the poet, by W. Marx.--Panel discussion.--Heidegger's language: metalogical forms of thought and grammatical specialties, by E. Schöfer.--M. (...)
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  43. Andriy Karpenko (2014). Методологічні Колізії Гайдеґґерознавства: Біографічна Транскрипція В Рефлексії Ідеологічної Історіографії. Схід 6:269-273.score: 8.0
    In the domain of the Ukrainian history of philosophy one can clearly observe symptoms of eclecticism, contamination, and corruption. Such situation is rooted in continuous insufficiency of the methodological framework of Ukrainian philosophy, split by the demise of Soviet ideological structures. Critical condition of humanitarian epistemology is aggravated by the urgent need to overtake foreign studies in the corresponding field, which constantly increase in number and evolve in character. All of the aforementioned symptoms are indicative for historical and philosophical reception (...)
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  44. Walter Ott (2008). Causation, Intentionality, and the Case for Occasionalism. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (2):165-187.score: 4.0
    Despite their influence on later philosophers such as Hume, Malebranche's central arguments for occasionalism remain deeply puzzling. Both the famous ‘no necessary connection’ argument and what I call the epistemic argument include assumptions – e.g., that a true cause is logically necessarily connected to its effect – that seem unmotivated, even in their context. I argue that a proper understanding of late scholastic views lets us see why Malebranche would make this assumption. Both arguments turn on the claim that a (...)
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  45. Walter R. Ott (2002). Locke and Signification. Journal of Philosophical Research 27:449-473.score: 4.0
    This paper addresses the following questions: (a) what did Locke mean when he said that ‘words signify ideas’? and (b) what is Locke’s argument for this thesis, and how successful is it? The paper argues that the two most prominent interpretations, those of Norman Kretzmann and E. J. Ashworth, attribute to Locke an argument for his semantic thesis that is fallacious, and that neither can make good sense of two key passages in book 3 of the Essay concerning Human Understanding. (...)
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  46. Blake E. Ashforth & Raymond T. Lee (1989). The Perceived Legitimacy of Managerial Influence: A Twenty-Five Year Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4):231 - 242.score: 4.0
    The study examines perceptions of managers, nonmanagerial employees, students, and union officers regarding the legitimacy of managerial influence over various subordinate behaviors and beliefs. The results indicate that: (1) perceived legitimacy has decreased since a comparable study by Schein and Ott in 1962, (2) perceived legitimacy is generally related to proximity to the managerial role, (3) there is a high degree of consensus on the relative legitimacy of influencing various behaviors and beliefs, and (4) only issues of direct relevance to (...)
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