52 found
Sort by:
  1. Richard Joyce, “Ethics After Darwin”.
    Through most of the 20th Century, the influence of Darwin on the philosophical field of ethics was negligible. Things changed noticeably in the last couple of decades or so of that century, and now “evolutionary ethics”—which had lain dormant since Darwin’s contemporary Herbert Spencer—is a lively and hotly debated topic. There are several Darwinian theses that might have bearing on moral philosophy.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Richard Joyce, Error Theory.
    To hold an error theory about morality is to endorse a kind of radical moral skepticism—a skepticism analogous to atheism in the religious domain. The atheist thinks that religious utterances, such as “God loves you,” really are truth-evaluable assertions (as opposed to being veiled commands or expressions of hope, etc.), but that the world just doesn’t contain the items (e.g., God) necessary to render such assertions true. Similarly, the moral error theorist maintains that moral judgments are truth-evaluable assertions (thus contrasting (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Richard Joyce, Is Human Morality Innate?
    The first objective of this chapter is to clarify what might be meant by the claim that human morality is innate. The second is to argue that if human morality is indeed innate an explanation may be provided that does not resort to an appeal to group selection, but invokes only individual selection and so-called “reciprocal altruism” in particular. This second task is not motivated by any theoretical or methodological prejudice against group selection; I willingly concede that group selection is (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Richard Joyce, Moral Anti-Realism.
    It might be expected that it would suffice for the entry for “moral anti-realism” to contain only some links to other entries in this encyclopedia. It could contain a link to “moral realism” and stipulate the negation of the view there described. Alternatively, it could have links to the entries “anti-realism” and “morality” and could stipulate the conjunction of the materials contained therein. The fact that neither of these approaches would be adequate—and, more strikingly, that following the two procedures would (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Richard Joyce, Metaethical Pluralism: How Both Moral Naturalism and Moral Skepticism May Be Permissible Positions.
    This paper concerns the relation between two metaethical theses: moral naturalism and moral skepticism. It is important that we distinguish both from a couple of methodological principles with which they might be confused. Let us give the label “Cartesian skepticism” to the method of subjecting to doubt everything for which it is possible to do so—usually by introducing alternative hypotheses that are consistent with all available evidence (e.g., brains in vats). Let us give the label “global naturalism” to the principle (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Richard Joyce, Moral Status. Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things, by Mary Anne Warren (Oxford University Press, 1997).
    Warren’s goal is to present a ‘multi-criterial’ account of moral status—she eschews any view that holds ‘X has moral status iff X has N’ (where ‘N’ might be life, or personhood, or sentience, for example). Moral status, she asserts, is a more complex affair: it comes in degrees and there are a variety of sufficient conditions. The first part of the book (roughly three quarters of it) is devoted to outlining some standard ‘uni-lateral’ accounts, criticising them in so far as (...)
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Richard Joyce, Nihilism.
    “Nihilism” (from the Latin “nihil” meaning nothing) is not a well-defined term. One can be a nihilist about just about anything: A philosopher who does not believe in the existence of knowledge, for example, might be called an “epistemological nihilist”; an atheist might be called a “religious nihilist.” In the vicinity of ethics, one should take care to distinguish moral nihilism from political nihilism and from existential nihilism. These last two will be briefly discussed below, only with the aim of (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Richard Joyce, [Penultimate Draft].
    This collection of eleven papers by Elijah Millgram (nine of which have been previously published) is ostensibly united by the thesis that the best way to go about assessing moral theories is to identify the view of practical reasoning that each such theory rests upon, and evaluate the adequacy of these respective theories of practical reasoning. The correct moral theory, Millgram assures us, will be the one that is paired with the best theory of practical reasoning. He outlines this methodology (...)
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Richard Joyce, Patterns of Objectification.
    John Mackie’s moral error theory is so closely associated in people’s minds with his arguments from relativity and from queerness that one might overlook the fact that there may be numerous other, and possibly better, ways of establishing that metaethical position. Perhaps, indeed, there are even further resources for arguing for a moral error theory to be unearthed in Mackie’s own book. I have in mind Mackie’s thesis of moral objectification: that the “objective prescriptivity” with which our moral judgments are (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Richard Joyce, Review By.
    The lead text of this book is based on primatologist Frans de Waal’s 2003 Tanner Lectures at Princeton University, to which he adds three short appendices. There are commentaries by Robert Wright, Christine Korsgaard, Philip Kitcher, and Peter Singer, followed by a 20-page response. Josiah Ober and Stephen Macedo provide a brief introduction. As befits a Tanner lecturer, de Waal’s scope is broad, his writing accessible, and the pace lively. He continues his crusade against the “veneer theory”—the idea that (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Richard Joyce, Review Essay on Moral Fictionalism by Mark E. Kalderon (Oup, 2005).
    The popular expedient of identifying noncognitivism with the claim that moral judgments are neither true nor false leaves open the question of what kind of thing a moral judgment is—an indeterminacy that has led to decades of confusion as to what the noncognitivist is more precisely committed to. Sometimes noncognitivism is presented as a claim about mental states (“Moral judgments are not beliefs”), sometimes as a claim about meaning (“X is morally good” means no more than “X: hurray!”), sometimes as (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Richard Joyce, Response to Nichols and Katz.
    To reject a false theory on the basis of an unsound argument is, in my opinion, as much an intellectual sin as to embrace a false theory. Thus, although I am no fan of any particular form of moral rationalism—and, indeed, on occasion have gone out of my way to criticize it—when rationalism is assailed for faulty reasons I find myself in the curious position of leaping to its defense (which goes to show that in philosophy it isn’t the case (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Richard Joyce, What Makes Us Moral: Crossing Boundaries of Biology, by Neil Levy (Oneworld, 2004).
    “Beer Gut Gene Discovered” announced the Sydney Morning Herald in 2003 (January 9)—yet another media declaration that scientists have uncovered the “gene for” such-and-such. Claims such as these are, in the popular consciousness, often conflated with proposals from sociobiologists and evolutionary psychologists regarding the innateness of certain human traits: infanticide, rape, or intelligence correlated with gender or race. When these traits are nasty or politically disconcerting (as are the three listed) then those pressing the claims are usually quick to point (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Richard Joyce, What Neuroscience Can (and Cannot) Contribute to Metaethics.
    Suppose there are two people having a moral disagreement about, say, abortion. They argue in a familiar way about whether fetuses have rights, whether a woman’s right to autonomy over her body overrides the fetus’s welfare, and so on. But then suppose one of the people says “Oh, it’s all just a matter of opinion; there’s no objective fact about whether fetuses have rights. When we say that something is morally forbidden, all we’re really doing is expressing our disapproval of (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Richard Joyce (forthcoming). Critical Notice Neil Levy's What Makes Us Moral: Crossing Boundaries of Biology. Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Richard Joyce (2014). Taking Moral Skepticism Seriously. Philosophical Studies 168 (3):843-851.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Richard Joyce (2013). Enoch , David . Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. 295. $75.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Ethics 123 (2):365-369.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Richard Joyce (2013). Error Theory. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. John Wiley and Sons.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Richard Joyce (2013). Irrealism and the Genealogy of Morals. Ratio 26 (4):351-372.
    Facts about the evolutionary origins of morality may have some kind of undermining effect on morality, yet the arguments that advocate this view are varied not only in their strategies but in their conclusions. The most promising such argument is modest: it attempts to shift the burden of proof in the service of an epistemological conclusion. This paper principally focuses on two other debunking arguments. First, I outline the prospects of trying to establish an error theory on genealogical grounds. Second, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Richard Joyce (2013). Psychological Fictionalism, and the Threat of Fictionalist Suicide. The Monist 96 (4):517-538.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Richard Joyce (2013). The Many Moral Nativisms. In Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.), Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press. 549--572.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Richard Joyce (2013). Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement, by Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu. Analysis 73 (3):587-589.
    No categories
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott & Ben Fraser (eds.) (2013). Cooperation and its Evolution. MIT Press.
    This collection reports on the latest research on an increasingly pivotal issue for evolutionary biology: cooperation. The chapters are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and utilize research tools that range from empirical survey to conceptual modeling, reflecting the rich diversity of work in the field. They explore a wide taxonomic range, concentrating on bacteria, social insects, and, especially, humans. -/- Part I (“Agents and Environments”) investigates the connections of social cooperation in social organizations to the conditions that make (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Richard Joyce (2012). Review of Kalderon, M.E., Moral Fictionalism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85 (1):161-173.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Richard Joyce (2011). Moral Fictionalism. Philosophy Now 82:14-17.
    Were I not afraid of appearing too philosophical, I should remind my reader of that famous doctrine, supposed to be fully proved in modern times, “That tastes and colours, and all other sensible qualities, lie not in the bodies, but merely in the senses.” The case is the same with beauty and deformity, virtue and vice. This doctrine, however, takes off no more from the reality of the latter qualities, than from that of the former; nor need it give any (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Richard Joyce (2011). The Accidental Error Theorist. Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6 6:153.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Richard Joyce (2011). The Error In 'The Error In The Error Theory'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):519-534.
    In his paper ?The Error in the Error Theory?[this journal, 2008], Stephen Finlay attempts to show that the moral error theorist has not only failed to prove his case, but that the error theory is in fact false. This paper rebuts Finlay's arguments, criticizes his positive theory, and clarifies the error-theoretic position.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Richard Joyce (2010). Expressivism, Motivation Internalism, and Hume. In Charles R. Pigden (ed.), Hume on Motivation and Virtue. Palgrave Macmillan.
    As a metaethicist, I am interested in whether expressivism is true, and thus interested in whether the argument that people think they find in Hume is a sound one. Not being a Hume scholar (but merely a devoted fan), I am less interested in whether Hume really was an expressivist or whether he really did present an argument in its favor. Hume’s metaethical views are very difficult to nail down, and by a careful selection of quotes one can present him (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Richard Joyce & Simon Kirchin (2010). A World Without Values. Springer.
    Taking as its point of departure the work of moral philosopher John Mackie (1917-1981), A World Without Values is a collection of essays on moral skepticism by leading contemporary philosophers, some of whom are sympathetic to Mackie s ...
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Richard Joyce & Simon T. Kirchin, Introduction.
    Introduction to "A World without Values....".
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Richard Joyce (2009). Is Moral Projectivism Empirically Tractable? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (1):53 - 75.
    Different versions of moral projectivism are delineated: minimal, metaphysical, nihilistic, and noncognitivist. Minimal projectivism (the focus of this paper) is the conjunction of two subtheses: (1) that we experience morality as an objective aspect of the world and (2) that this experience has its origin in an affective attitude (e.g., an emotion) rather than in perceptual faculties. Both are empirical claims and must be tested as such. This paper does not offer ideas on any specific test procedures, but rather undertakes (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Richard Joyce (2009). The Skeptick's Tale. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (1):213 - 221.
    Any metaethicist tempted to dismiss a defense of moral intuitionism as too flaky to merit serious attention should think twice. Ethical Intuitionism is a forceful, clear, original, and intelligent piece of philosophy, and Michael Huemer can be proud of his efforts. He proceeds by identifying an exhaustive list of five possible metaethical positions, then knocks down four until only his favored intuitionism remains. One of the advantages of any such “last man standing” strategy is that even the most hardened opponent (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Richard Joyce (2008). Morality, Schmorality. In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Morality and Self-Interest. Oxford University Press.
    In his contribution to this volume, Paul Bloomfield analyzes and attempts to answer the question “Why is it bad to be bad?” I too will use this question as my point of departure; in particular I want to approach the matter from the perspective of a moral error theorist. This discussion will preface one of the principal topics of this paper: the relationship between morality and self-interest. Again, my main goal is to clarify what the moral error theorist might say (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Richard Joyce (2008). Précis of The Evolution of Morality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):213-218.
    The Evolution of Morality attempts to accomplish two tasks. The first is to clarify and provisionally advocate the thesis that human morality is a distinct adaptation wrought by biological natural selection. The second is to inquire whether this empirical thesis would, if true, have any metaethical implications.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Richard Joyce (2008). Replies. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):245-267.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Richard Joyce (2007). Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory - By Elijah Millgram. Philosophical Books 48 (1):90-92.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Richard Joyce & Simon Kirchin (2007). Introduction. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (5):421-425.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Richard Joyce (2006). Metaethics and the Empirical Sciences. Philosophical Explorations 9 (1):133 – 148.
    What contribution can the empirical sciences make to metaethics? This paper outlines an argument to a particular metaethical conclusion - that moral judgments are epistemically unjustified - that depends in large part on a posteriori premises.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Richard Joyce (2006). The Evolution of Morality. MIT Press.
    Moral thinking pervades our practical lives, but where did this way of thinking come from, and what purpose does it serve? Is it to be explained by environmental pressures on our ancestors a million years ago, or is it a cultural invention of more recent origin? In The Evolution of Morality, Richard Joyce takes up these controversial questions, finding that the evidence supports an innate basis to human morality. As a moral philosopher, Joyce is interested in whether any implications follow (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Richard Joyce (2005). Moral Fictionalism. In Mark Eli Kalderon (ed.), Fictionalism in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. 14-17.
  41. Richard Joyce (2004). Why Humans Judge Things to Be Good. Biology and Philosophy 19 (5):809-817.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Richard Joyce (2003). Cultural Treasures and Slippery Slopes. Public Affairs Quarterly 17 (1):1-16.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Richard Joyce (2003). Review: Moral Reality. [REVIEW] Mind 112 (445):94-99.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Richard Joyce (2002). Expressivism and Motivation Internalism. Analysis 62 (4):336–344.
    The task of this paper is to argue that expressivism [the thesis that moral judgements function to express desires, emotions, or pro/con attitudes] neither implies, nor is implied by, [motivational internalism].
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Richard Joyce (2002). Moral Realism and Teleosemantics. Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):723-31.
    In a recent article, William F. Harms (2000) argues in a novel way for a form of moral realism. He does not actually argue that moral realism is true, but rather that if morality is the product of natural selection.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Richard Joyce (2002). Theistic Ethics and the Euthyphro Dilemma. Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (1):49-75.
    It is widely believed that the Divine Command Theory is untenable due to the Euthyphro Dilemma. This article first examines the Platonic dialogue of that name, and shows that Socrates’s reasoning is faulty. Second, the dilemma in the form in which many contemporary philosophers accept it is examined in detail, and this reasoning is also shown to be deficient. This is not to say, however, that the Divine Command Theory is true—merely that one popular argument for rejecting it is unsound. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Richard Joyce (2001). The Myth of Morality. Cambridge University Press.
    In The Myth of Morality, Richard Joyce argues that moral discourse is hopelessly flawed. At the heart of ordinary moral judgments is a notion of moral inescapability, or practical authority, which, upon investigation, cannot be reasonably defended. Joyce argues that natural selection is to blame, in that it has provided us with a tendency to invest the world with values that it does not contain, and demands that it does not make. Should we therefore do away with morality, as we (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Richard Joyce (2000). The Fugitive Thought. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (4):463-478.
    Moral imperatives are claimed to be inescapable. The moral felon who convinces us that he desired to commit his crimes, that he had no desires that the actions thwarted, does not incline us to withdraw our judgment that he did what he ought not to have done. We do not permit him to evade his moral culpability by citing unusual desires or interests. This thesis of moral inescapability seems familiar and yet is notoriously difficult to make sense of. Philippa Foot (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Richard Joyce (1999). Apologizing. Public Affairs Quarterly 13 (2):159-173.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 52