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  1. Richard M. Burian (2011). Small, Warm, and FuzzyUnsimple Truths: Science, Complexity, and Policy.Sandra D. Mitchell . University of Chicago Press, 2009. 160 Pp., Illus. $27.50 (ISBN 9780226532622 Cloth). [REVIEW] BioScience 61 (3):241-242.
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  2. Richard M. Burian (2011). Unsimple Truths: Science, Complexity, and Policy. BioScience 61 (3):241-242.
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  3. Eric Bapteste & Richard M. Burian (2010). On the Need for Integrative Phylogenomics, and Some Steps Toward its Creation. Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):711-736.
    Recently improved understanding of evolutionary processes suggests that tree-based phylogenetic analyses of evolutionary change cannot adequately explain the divergent evolutionary histories of a great many genes and gene complexes. In particular, genetic diversity in the genomes of prokaryotes, phages, and plasmids cannot be fit into classic tree-like models of evolution. These findings entail the need for fundamental reform of our understanding of molecular evolution and the need to devise alternative apparatus for integrated analysis of these genomes. We advocate the development (...)
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  4. Maureen A. O'Malley, Kevin C. Elliott & Richard M. Burian (2010). From Genetic to Genomic Regulation: Iterativity in microRNA Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):407-417.
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  5. Richard M. Burian (2007). On MicroRNA and the Need for Exploratory Experimentation in Post-Genomic Molecular Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (3):285 - 311.
    This paper is devoted to an examination of the discovery, characterization, and analysis of the functions of microRNAs, which also serves as a vehicle for demonstrating the importance of exploratory experimentation in current (post-genomic) molecular biology. The material on microRNAs is important in its own right: it provides important insight into the extreme complexity of regulatory networks involving components made of DNA, RNA, and protein. These networks play a central role in regulating development of multicellular organisms and illustrate the importance (...)
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  6. Richard M. Burian (2005). The Epistemology of Development, Evolution, and Genetics: Selected Essays. Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this collection examine developments in three fundamental biological disciplines--embryology, evolutionary biology, and genetics--in conflict with each other for much of the twentieth century. They consider key methodological problems and the difficulty of overcoming them. Richard Burian interweaves historical appreciation of the settings within which scientists work, substantial knowledge of the biological problems at stake and the methodological and philosophical issues faced in integrating biological knowledge drawn from disparate sources.
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  7. Richard M. Burian (2002). Comments on the Precarious Relationship Between History and Philosophy of Science. Perspectives on Science 10 (4):398-407.
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  8. Friedrich Steinle & Richard M. Burian (2002). Introduction: History of Science and Philosophy of Science. Perspectives on Science 10 (4):391-397.
    Introduces a series of articles which deals with the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science.; Introduces a series of articles which deals with the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science.
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  9. Friedrich Steinle & Richard M. Burian (2002). Special Issue: History of Science and Philosophy of Science. Perspectives on Science 10.
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  10. Richard M. Burian (2001). Department of Philosophy and Center for Science and Technology Studies Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0126. [REVIEW] Perspectives on Science 9 (4).
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  11. Richard M. Burian (2001). The Dilemma of Case Studies Resolved: The Virtues of Using Case Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Perspectives on Science 9 (4):383-404.
    : Philosophers of science turned to historical case studies in part in response to Thomas Kuhn's insistence that such studies can transform the philosophy of science. In this issue Joseph Pitt argues that the power of case studies to instruct us about scientific methodology and epistemology depends on prior philosophical commitments, without which case studies are not philosophically useful. Here I reply to Pitt, demonstrating that case studies, properly deployed, illustrate styles of scientific work and modes of argumentation that are (...)
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  12. Richard M. Burian & Scott F. Gilbert (2000). Selected Bibliography on History of Embryology and Development. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):325 - 333.
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  13. Richard M. Burian & Denis Thieffry (2000). Introduction to the Special Issue 'From Embryology to Developmental Biology'. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):313 - 323.
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  14. Richard M. Burian (1997). Comments on Complexity and Experimentation in Biology. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):291.
    Biology deals, notoriously, with complex systems. In discussing biological methodology, all three papers in this symposium honor the complexity of biological subject matter by preferring models and theories built to reflect the details of complex systems to models based on broad general principles or laws. Rheinberger's paper, the most programmatic of the three, provides a framework for the epistemology of discovery in complex systems. A fundamental problem is raised for Rheinberger's epistemology, namely, how to understand the referential continuity of the (...)
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  15. Richard M. Burian (1997). Exploratory Experimentation and the Role of Histochemical Techniques in the Work of Jean Brachet, 1938-1952. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (1):27 - 45.
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  16. Richard M. Burian (1996). "The Tools of the Discipline: Biochemists and Molecular Biologists": A Comment. Journal of the History of Biology 29 (3):451 - 462.
    This last result leads, rather naturally, to some concluding observations and a series of questions for further investigation. These case studies show that in all of the sites examined, the institutionalization of molecular biology as a “discipline” was primarily driven by the need to separate groups of practitioners with divergent but overlapping interests within the local context. Thus molecular biology was contingently separated from agricultural or medical biochemistry, virology, work on the physiology of nucleic acids, and so forth for contingent (...)
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  17. Richard M. Burian & Robert C. Richardson (1996). Form and Order in Evolutionary Biology. In Margaret A. Boden (ed.), The Philosophy of Artificial Life. Oxford University Press. 146--72.
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  18. Richard M. Burian, Robert C. Richardson & Wim J. Van der Steen (1996). Against Generality: Meaning in Genetics and Philosophy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):1-29.
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  19. Richard M. Burian & J. D. Trout (1995). Ontological Progress in Science. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):177 - 201.
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  20. Richard M. Burian (1994). Comments on Robert Brandon's 'Theory and Experiment in Evolutionary Biology'. Synthese 99 (1):75 - 86.
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  21. Richard M. Burian (1993). How the Choice of Experimental Organism Matters: Epistemological Reflections on an Aspect of Biological Practice. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):351 - 367.
  22. Richard M. Burian (1993). Technique, Task Definition, and the Transition From Genetics to Molecular Genetics: Aspects of the Work on Protein Synthesis in the Laboratories of J. Monod and P. Zamecnik. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 26 (3):387 - 407.
    In biology proteins are uniquely important. They are not to be classed with polysaccharides, for example, which by comparison play a very minor role. Their nearest rivals are the nucleic acids....The main function of proteins is to act as enzymes....In the protein molecule Nature has devised a unique instrument in which an underlying simplicity is used to express great subtlety and versatility; it is impossible to see molecular biology in proper perspective until this peculiar combination of virtues has been clearly (...)
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  23. Richard M. Burian (1993). Unification and Coherence as Methodological Objectives in the Biological Sciences. Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):301-318.
    In this paper I respond to Wim van der Steen''s arguments against the supposed current overemphasis on norms ofcoherence andinterdisciplinary integration in biology. On the normative level, I argue that these aremiddle-range norms which, although they may be misapplied in short-term attempts to solve (temporarily?) intractable problems, play a guiding role in the longer-term treatment of biological problems. This stance is supported by a case study of apartial success story, the development of the one gene — one enzyme hypothesis. As (...)
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  24. Richard M. Burian & Wim J. Steen (1993). Introduction. Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):255-257.
  25. Muriel Lederman & Richard M. Burian (1993). Introduction. Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):235-237.
  26. Richard M. Burian (1992). How the Choice of Experimental Organism Matters: Biological Practices and Discipline Boundaries. Synthese 92 (1):151-166.
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  27. Richard M. Burian (1992). How the Choice of Experimental Organism Matters: Biological Practices and Discipline Boundaries: Dedicated to Marjorie Grene on the Occasion of Her 80th Birthday. Synthese 92 (1):151 - 166.
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  28. Richard M. Burian (1992). Book Review:The Structure and Confirmation of Evolutionary Theory Elisabeth A. Lloyd. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 59 (1):153-.
  29. Richard M. Burian & Marjorie Grene (1992). Editorial Introduction. Synthese 91 (1-2):1-7.
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  30. Richard M. Burian & Joseph C. Pitt (1992). Editorial Introduction. Synthese 92 (1):3-7.
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  31. Robert C. Richardson & Richard M. Burian (1992). A Defense of Propensity Interpretations of Fitness. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:349 - 362.
    We offer a systematic examination of propensity interpretations of fitness, which emphasizes the role that fitness plays in evolutionary theory and takes seriously the probabilistic character of evolutionary change. We distinguish questions of the probabilistic character of fitness from the particular interpretations of probability which could be incorporated. The roles of selection and drift in evolutionary models support the view that fitness must be understood within a probabilistic framework, and the specific character of organism/environment interactions supports the conclusion that fitness (...)
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  32. Richard M. Burian (1990). Essay Review: Toward a New Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 23 (2):321-328.
  33. Richard M. Burian (1990). Maiocchi on Duhem, Howard on Duhem and Einstein: Historiographical Comments. Synthese 83 (3):401 - 408.
    These comments center on the methodological stance that Howard and Maiocchi recommend to us when we are doing history of philosophy. If Howard and Maiocchi are right, both Duhem and Einstein developed closely related versions of conventionalism and realism, and in both of their philosophies the conventionalist and realist moments were mutually compatible. Duhem's holism and, arguably, Einstein's as well, denies the need for across-the-board literalism, and both of them had important reasons for denying that convergence was required or even (...)
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  34. Richard M. Burian & Robert C. Richardson (1990). Form and Order in Evolutionary Biology: Stuart Kauffman's Transformation of Theoretical Biology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:267 - 287.
    The formal framework of Kauffman (1991) depicts the constraints of self-organization on the evolution of complex systems and the relation of self-organization to selection. We discuss his treatment of 'generic constraints' as sources of order (section 2) and the relation between adaptation and organization (section 3). We then raise a number of issues, including the role of adaptation in explaining order (section 4) and the limitations of formal approaches in explaining the distinctively biological (section 5). The principal question we pose (...)
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  35. Michael Redhead & Richard M. Burian (1990). Review. [REVIEW] Synthese 82 (1):157-174.
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  36. Richard M. Burian, Jean Gayon & Doris Zallen (1988). The Singular Fate of Genetics in the History of French Biology, 1900-1940. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (3):357 - 402.
    In this study we have examined the reception of Mendelism in France from 1900 to 1940, and the place of some of the extra-Mendelian traditions of research that contributed to the development of genetics in France after World War II.
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  37. Richard M. Burian (1987). Realist Methodology in Genetics. In Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.), The Process of Science: Contemporary Philosophical Approaches to Understanding Scientific Practice. Distributors for the United States and Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  38. Richard M. Burian (1986). On Integrating the Study of Evolution and of Development. In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. 209--228.
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  39. Richard M. Burian (1986). Why the Panda Provides No Comfort to the Creationist. Philosophica 37 (1):11-26.
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  40. Richard M. Burian & Joseph C. Pitt (1986). Introduction. Synthese 67 (1):1-2.
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  41. Joseph Margolis, Michael Krausz & Richard M. Burian (eds.) (1986). Rationality, Relativism, and the Human Sciences. M. Nijhoff.
    The Greater Philadelphia Philosophy Consortium was launched in the early eighties. It began during a particularly lean period in the American economy.
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  42. Richard M. Burian (1985). Book Review:Radical Knowledge: A Philosophical Inquiry Into the Nature and Limits of Science Gonzalo Munevar. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (1):163-.
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  43. Richard M. Burian (1982). Book Review:Problems of Genetics William Bateson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 49 (1):147-.
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  44. Richard M. Burian (1978). Book Review:Linguistic Representation Jay F. Rosenberg. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 45 (2):325-.
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  45. Richard M. Burian (1977). More Than a Marriage of Convenience: On the Inextricability of History and Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 44 (1):1-42.
    History of science, it has been argued, has benefited philosophers of science primarily by forcing them into greater contact with "real science." In this paper I argue that additional major benefits arise from the importance of specifically historical considerations within philosophy of science. Loci for specifically historical investigations include: (1) making and evaluating rational reconstructions of particular theories and explanations, (2) estimating the degree of support earned by particular theories and theoretical claims, and (3) evaluating proposed philosophical norms for the (...)
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  46. Richard M. Burian (1976). Book Review:Theoretical Concepts Raimo Tuomela. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 43 (3):452-.
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  47. Richard M. Burian (1975). Conceptual Change, Cross-Theoretical Explanation, and the Unity of Science. Synthese 32 (1-2):1 - 28.