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Profile: Richard A Richards (University of Alabama)
  1. Richard A. Richards (2005). [Richards on Evaluation]: Reply to Dickie. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (3):285 - 287.
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  2.  18
    Richard A. Richards (2010). The Species Problem: A Philosophical Analysis. Cambridge University Press.
    There is longstanding disagreement among systematists about how to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty different species concepts are used to group organisms, according to criteria as diverse as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, combined with the implications of evolutionary biology, raises the worry either that there is no single kind of species, or that species are not real.This book surveys the history of thinking about species from Aristotle to modern systematics in order to understand the (...)
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  3.  46
    Richard Richards (2003). Character Individuation in Phylogenetic Inference. Philosophy of Science 70 (2):264-279.
    Ontological questions in biology have typically focused on the nature of species: what are species; how are they identified and individuated? There is an analogous, but much neglected concern: what are characters; how are they identified and individuated? Character individuation is significant because biological systematics relies on a parsimony principle to determine phylogeny and classify taxa, and the parsimony principle is usually interpreted to favor the phylogenetic hypothesis that requires the fewest changes in characters. But no character individuation principle identified (...)
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  4.  65
    Richard C. Richards (2002). Kuhnian Values and Cladistic Parsimony. Perspectives on Science 10 (1):1-27.
    : According to Kuhn, theory choice is not governed by algorithms, but by values, which influence yet do not determine theory choice. Cladistic hypotheses, however, seem to be evaluated relative to a parsimony algorithm, which asserts that the best phylogenetic hypothesis is the one that requires the fewest character changes. While this seems to be an unequivocal evaluative rule, it is not. The application of the parsimony principle is ultimately indeterminate because the choice and individuation of characters that figure in (...)
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  5.  12
    Richard A. Richards (1997). Darwin and the Inefficacy of Artificial Selection. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (1):75-97.
  6. Paul Thagard, Kim Sterelny, Richard Richards, Denis M. Walsh, James W. McAllister, Marcel Boumans, Meir Hemmo, Orly Shenker & Matthew W. Parker (2003). 10. Response to Vollmer's Review of Minds and Molecules Response to Vollmer's Review of Minds and Molecules (Pp. 391-398). [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 70 (2).
     
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  7.  16
    Richard A. Richards (2005). Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change. International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (3):412-414.
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    Richard A. Richards (2005). Is Domestic Breeding Evidence for (or Against) Darwinian Evolution? In P. Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. The Johns Hopkins University Press
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  9.  16
    Richard A. Richards (2004). A Fitness Model of Evaluation. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62 (3):263–275.
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    Richard A. Richards (2006). Evolutionary Naturalism and the Logical Structure of Valuation: The Other Side of Error Theory. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (2):270-294.
    On one standard philosophical position adopted by evolutionary naturalists, human ethical systems are nothing more than evolutionary adaptations that facilitate social behavior. Belief in an absolute moral foundation is therefore in error. But evolutionary naturalism, by its commitment to the basic valutional concept of fitness, reveals another, logical error: standard conceptions of value in terms of simple predication and properties are mistaken. Valuation has instead, a relational structure that makes reference to respects, subjects and environments. This relational nature is illustrated (...)
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  11.  2
    Richard A. Richards (2009). Functional Analysis and Character Transformation. In Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Form and Function in Developmental Evolution. Cambridge University Press 176.
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  12.  1
    Richard Richards (2012). Did Darwin Write the Origin Backwards? Philosophical Essays on Darwin's Theory. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 103:222-223.
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  13. Richard A. Richards (2011). Achinstein and the Evidence for Evolution. In Gregory J. Morgan (ed.), Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein. Oxford University Press 191.
     
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  14. Richard Richards (2016). Biological Classification: A Philosophical Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
    Modern biological classification is based on the system developed by Linnaeus, and interpreted by Darwin as representing the tree of life. But despite its widespread acceptance, the evolutionary interpretation has some problems and limitations. This comprehensive book provides a single resource for understanding all the main philosophical issues and controversies about biological classification. It surveys the history of biological classification from Aristotle to contemporary phylogenetics and shows how modern biological classification has developed and changed over time. Readers will also be (...)
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  15. Richard A. Richards (2009). Classification in Darwin's Origin. In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the "Origin of Species". Cambridge University Press
     
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  16. Richard A. Richards (2012). Elliott Sober.Did Darwin Write the Origin Backwards? Philosophical Essays on Darwin's Theory. 238 Pp., Illus., Tables, Bibl., Index. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2011. $21. [REVIEW] Isis 103 (1):222-223.
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  17. Richard Richards (2008). Species and Taxonomy. In Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press 161-188.
     
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  18. Richard A. Richards (2007). Solving the Species Problem: Kitcherandhullon Sets and Individuals. In Mohan Matthen & Christopher Stephens (eds.), Philosophy of Biology. Elsevier 144--215.
     
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  19. Richard A. Richards (2011). The Species Problem: A Philosophical Analysis. Cambridge University Press.
    There is long-standing disagreement among systematists about how to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty different species concepts are used to group organisms, according to criteria as diverse as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, combined with the implications of evolutionary biology, raises the worry that either there is no single kind of species, or that species are not real. This book surveys the history of thinking about species from Aristotle to modern systematics in order to understand (...)
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  20. Richard A. Richards (2015). The Species Problem: A Philosophical Analysis. Cambridge University Press.
    There is long-standing disagreement among systematists about how to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty different species concepts are used to group organisms, according to criteria as diverse as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, combined with the implications of evolutionary biology, raises the worry that either there is no single kind of species, or that species are not real. This book surveys the history of thinking about species from Aristotle to modern systematics in order to understand (...)
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  21. Richard Richards (2015). Wilkins, John S, and Ebach, Malte C, The Nature of Classification: Relationships and Kinds in the Natural Sciences. Science and Education 24 (4):463-468.
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