Search results for 'Rick Lawson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  22
    Simon Baron-Cohen, John Lawson, Rick Griffin & Jacqueline Hill, The Exact Mind: Empathising and Systemising in Autism Spectrum Conditions.
    Cognitive developmentalists have had a long-standing interest in neurodevelopmental conditions, such as autism. This is not only out of a desire to understand the causes of such atypical development, in order to advance medical science and develop interventions. It is also because studying the processes that cause atypicality can sometimes throw light on typical development. It is this two-way influence that characterises the field of developmental psychopathology. In this chapter, we focus on autism. We bring out this interaction between what (...)
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  2. Rick Lawson (2005). Harmonising Human Rights in Europe. In Jennifer Gunning & Søren Holm (eds.), Ethics, Law, and Society. Ashgate 1--211.
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  3. Rick Lawson (2010). Pt. 1. Setting the Scene: Human Rights and Health Ethics. Dwelling on the Threshold: On the Interaction Between the European Convention on Human Rights and the Biomedicine Convention. In André den Exter (ed.), Human Rights and Biomedicine. Maklu
     
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  4. Tony Lawson (2004). Roundtable: Tony Lawson's Reorienting Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (3):329-340.
     
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  5. Tony Lawson (2009). Cambridge Social Ontology: An Interview with Tony Lawson. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):100-122.
     
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  6. Peter Singer & Mark Lawson (2004). Peter Singer Talks to Mark Lawson. Newsnight for Bbc.
     
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  7.  53
    Tony Lawson (1997). Economics and Reality. Routledge.
    There is an increasingly widespread belief, both within and outside the discipline, that modern economics is irrelevant to the understanding of the real world. Economics and Reality traces this irrelevance to the failure of economists to match their methods with their subject, showing that formal, mathematical models are unsuitable to the social realities economists purport to address. Tony Lawson examines the various ways in which mainstream economics is rooted in positivist philosophy and examines the problems this causes. It focuses (...)
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  8. Tony Lawson (2003). Reorienting Economics. Routledge.
    This eagerly anticipated new book from Tony Lawson contends that economics can profit from a more explicit concern with ontology than has been its custom. By admitting that economics is not exactly a picture of health at the moment, Lawson hopes that we can move away from the bafflingly intransigent belief that economics is at its core reliant upon mathematical modelling. This maths-envy is the reason why economics is in a state of such disarray. Far from being a (...)
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  9. Tony Lawson (2009). Heterodox Economics and Pluralism: Reply to Davis. In Edward Fullbrook (ed.), Ontology and Economics: Tony Lawson and His Critics. Routledge
  10.  3
    Howard Mcgary & Bill E. Lawson (1994). [Book Review] Between Slavery and Freedom, Philosophy and American Slavery. [REVIEW] Ethics 104 (4):898-900.
    Using the writings of slaves and former slaves, as well as commentaries on slavery, Between Slavery and Freedom explores the American slave experience to gain a better understanding of six moral and political concepts—oppression, paternalism, resistance, political obligation, citizenship, and forgiveness. The authors use analytical philosophy as well as other disciplines to gain insight into the thinking of a group of people prevented from participating in the social/political discourse of their times. Between Slavery and Freedom rejects the notion that philosophers (...)
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  11.  25
    Hilary Lawson (2001). Closure: A Story of Everything. Routledge.
    Lawson provides a comprehensive look at the history of western thought, the evolution of science and its attempts to provide us with a "theory of everything" and an evaluation of the relativist multiple truths. He discusses why this scientific mind-set no longer works and why relativist truths are no longer sustainable. He then offers a new theory to help us better understand ourselves and our world.
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  12. Donald F. Koch & Bill E. Lawson (eds.) (2004). Pragmatism and the Problem of Race. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    How should pragmatists respond to and contribute to the resolution of one of America’s greatest and most enduring problems? Given that the most important thinkers of the pragmatist movement—Charles S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, and George Herbert Mead—said little about the problem of race, how does their distinctly American way of thinking confront the hardship and brutality that characterizes the experience of many African Americans in this country? In 12 thoughtful and provocative essays, contemporary American pragmatists connect ideas with (...)
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  13. T. Lawson (2009). The Mainstream Orientation and Ideology. Reply to Guerrian. In Edward Fullbrook (ed.), Ontology and Economics: Tony Lawson and His Critics. Routledge 162--174.
     
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  14.  4
    McGary Jr & Bill E. Lawson (1993). Between Slavery and Freedom: Philosophy and American Slavery. Indiana University Press.
    Using the writings of slaves and former slaves, as well as commentaries on slavery, Between Slavery and Freedom explores the American slave experience to gain a better understanding of six moral and political concepts—oppression, paternalism, resistance, political obligation, citizenship, and forgiveness. The authors use analytical philosophy as well as other disciplines to gain insight into the thinking of a group of people prevented from participating in the social/political discourse of their times. Between Slavery and Freedom rejects the notion that philosophers (...)
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  15.  28
    Raef A. Lawson (2004). Is Classroom Cheating Related to Business Students' Propensity to Cheat in the "Real World"? Journal of Business Ethics 49 (2):189-199.
    Previous studies have reportedstudents' widely held belief that they are moreethical than businessmen. On the other hand,widespread cheating among college students hasbeen reported. This paper examines thisinconsistency between the beliefs of collegestudent regarding the need for ethical behaviorin a business setting and their actions in anacademic setting.The results of this study indicate that whilestudents are generally upset with cheating intheir class, a large proportion of themnonetheless engage in such behavior. It wasfurther found that students have a goodunderstanding of what constitutes (...)
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  16. E. Thomas Lawson & Robert N. McCauley, The Cognitive Representation of Religious Ritual Form: A Theory of Participants' Competence with Their Religious Ritual Systems.
    Theorizing about religious ritual systems from a cognitive viewpoint involves (1) modeling cognitive processes and their products and (2) demonstrating their influence on religious behavior. Particularly important for such an approach to the study of religious ritual is the modeling of participants' representations of ritual form. In pursuit of that goal, we presented in Rethinking Religion a theory of religious ritual form that involved two commitments. The theory’s first commitment is that the cognitive apparatus for the representation of action in (...)
     
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  17.  32
    Sara L. Lawson & Helen M. Adamson (forthcoming). Informed Consent Readability: Subject Understanding of 15 Common Consent Form Phrases. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  18.  9
    Sarah Roberts, Rob Lawson & Jeremy Nicholls (2006). Generating Regional-Scale Improvements in SME Corporate Responsibility Performance: Lessons From Responsibility Northwest. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 67 (3):275 - 286.
    This paper describes the research carried out into small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and corporate responsibility (CR) in the Northwest of England during Phase I of Responsibility Northwest, a partnership programme designed to significantly increase the CR of the region. By engaging with significant numbers of SMEs and SME support providers across the region, key insights were gained in three key areas: • The current attitudes to, understanding of, and management of CR issues in the SME sector.• The barriers to (...)
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  19. Brian Lawson (2013). Individual Complicity in Collective Wrongdoing. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):227-243.
    Some instances of right and wrongdoing appear to be of a distinctly collective kind. When, for example, one group commits genocide against another, the genocide is collective in the sense that the wrongness of genocide seems morally distinct from the aggregation of individual murders that make up the genocide. The problem, which I refer to as the problem of collective wrongs, is that it is unclear how to assign blame for distinctly collective wrongdoing to individual contributors when none of those (...)
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  20.  26
    Clive Lawson (2008). An Ontology of Technology. Techne 12 (1):48-64.
    Ontology tends to be held in deep suspicion by many currently engaged in the study of technology. The aim of this paper is to suggest an ontology of technology that will be both acceptable to ontology’s critics and useful for those engaged with technology. By drawing upon recent developments in social ontology and extending these into the technological realm it is possible to sustain a conception of technology that is not only irreducibly social but able to give due weight to (...)
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  21. E. Thomas Lawson (2005). A New Look at the Science-and-Religion Dialogue. Zygon 40 (3):555-564.
    Cognitive science is beginning to make a contribution to the science-and-religion dialogue by its claims about the nature of both scientific and religious knowledge and the practices such knowledge informs. Of particular importance is the distinction between folk knowledge and abstract theoretical knowledge leading to a distinction between folk science and folk religion on the one hand and the reflective, theoretical, abstract form of thought that characterizes both advanced scientific thought and sophisticated theological reasoning on the other. Both folk science (...)
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  22.  33
    Clive Lawson (2010). Technology and the Extension of Human Capabilities. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 40 (2):207-223.
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  23.  22
    Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.) (2007). Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge.
    This book will be of great interest to students and researchers alike across the social sciences and particularly in philosophy, economics and sociology.
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  24.  11
    Marco Bertamini, Nausicaa Berselli, Carole Bode, Rebecca Lawson & Li Ting Wong (2011). The Rubber Hand Illusion in a Mirror. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1108-1119.
    In the rubber hand illusion one’s hand is hidden, and a fake hand is visible. We explored the situation in which visual information was available indirectly in a mirror. In the mirror condition, compared to the standard condition , we found no reduction of the RHI following synchronised stimulation, as measured by crossmanual pointing and by a questionnaire. We replicated the finding with a smaller mirror that prevented visibility of the face. The RHI was eliminated when a wooden block replaced (...)
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  25.  45
    Jon Rick (2007). Hume's and Smith's Partial Sympathies and Impartial Stances. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 5 (2):135-158.
    The moral psychology of sympathy is the linchpin of the sentimentalist moral theories of both David Hume and Adam Smith. In this paper, I attempt to diagnose the critical differences between Hume's and Smith's respective accounts of sympathy in order to argue that Smithian sympathy is more properly suited to serve as a basis for impartial moral evaluations and judgments than is Humean sympathy. By way of arguing this claim, I take up the problem of overcoming sympathetic partiality in the (...)
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  26.  6
    Karl J. Friston, Rebecca Lawson & Chris D. Frith (2013). On Hyperpriors and Hypopriors: Comment on Pellicano and Burr. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (1):1.
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  27.  76
    Bill Lawson (1990). Crime, Minorities, and the Social Contract. Criminal Justice Ethics 9 (2):16-24.
  28. Tony Lawson (2004). 16 Philosophical Under-Labouring in the Context of Modern Economics: Aiming at Truth and Usefulness in the Meanest of Ways. In John Bryan Davis & Alain Marciano (eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy. Edward Elgar Pub. 317.
  29. Hilary Lawson (1985). Reflexivity: The Post-Modern Predicament. Open Court.
     
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  30. Sarah Roberts, Rob Lawson & Jeremy Nicholls (2006). Generating Regional-Scale Improvements in SME Corporate Responsibility Performance: Lessons From Responsibility Northwest. Journal of Business Ethics 67 (3):275-286.
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  31. Laura Westra & Bill E. Lawson (2003). Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice. Environmental Values 12 (4):543-546.
    Through case studies that highlight the type of information that is seldom reported in the news, Faces of Environmental Racism exposes the type and magnitude of environmental racism, both domestic and international. The essays explore the justice of current environmental practices, asking such questions as whether cost-benefit analysis is an appropriate analytic technique and whether there are alternate routes to sustainable development in the South.
     
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  32.  4
    Rebecca Lawson (2010). People Cannot Locate the Projection of an Object on the Surface of a Mirror. Cognition 115 (2):336-342.
  33.  17
    Tony Lawson (2004). Reorienting Economics: On Heterodox Economics, Themata and the Use of Mathematics in Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 11 (3):329-340.
  34.  17
    Tony Lawson (1999). What Has Realism Got To Do With It? Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):269.
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  35. G. Gierz, K. H. Hofmann, K. Keimel, J. D. Lawson, M. W. Mislove & D. S. Scott (2007). Continuous Lattices and Domains. Studia Logica 86 (1):137-138.
     
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  36. Tony Lawson & Alan Norrie (1998). Critical Realism: Essential Readings. In Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.), Critical Realism: Essential Readings. Routledge
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  37.  13
    Tony Lawson (2012). Mathematical Modelling and Ideology in the Economics Academy: Competing Explanations of the Failings of the Modern Discipline? Economic Thought.
    The widespread and long-lived failings of academic economics are due to an over-reliance on largely inappropriate mathematical methods of analysis. This is an assessment I have long maintained. Many heterodox economists, however, appear to hold instead that the central problem is a form of political-economic ideology. Specifically, it is widely contended in heterodox circles that the discipline goes astray just because so many economists are committed to a portrayal of the market economy as a smoothly or efficiently functioning system or (...)
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  38.  1
    Peter Jarvis, K. H. Lawson, J. E. Thomas, Alastair D. Crombie & Gwyn Harries-Jenkins (1985). Adult and Continuing Education: Theory and Practice. British Journal of Educational Studies 33 (3):316-317.
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  39.  66
    Tony Lawson (1985). The Context of Prediction (and the Paradox of Confirmation). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):393-407.
  40. Byron Newberry, Katherine Austin, William Lawson, Greta Gorsuch & Thomas Darwin (2011). Acclimating International Graduate Students to Professional Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (1):171-194.
    This article describes the education portion of an ongoing grant-sponsored education and research project designed to help graduate students in all engineering disciplines learn about the basic ethical principles, rules, and obligations associated with engineering practice in the United States. While the curriculum developed for this project is used for both domestic and international students, the educational materials were designed to be sensitive to the specific needs of international graduate students. In recent years, engineering programs in the United States have (...)
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  41.  8
    Tony Lawson (2001). Economics and explanation. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 3:371-393.
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  42. K. H. Lawson (1998). Philosophical Issues in the Education of Adults. Continuing Education Press.
  43. Tony Lawson (1999). Social Theory. In Steve Fleetwood (ed.), Critical Realism in Economics: Development and Debate. Routledge 3.
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  44.  6
    Andy P. Field & Joanne Lawson (2008). The Verbal Information Pathway to Fear and Subsequent Causal Learning in Children. Cognition and Emotion 22 (3):459-479.
  45. Rob Lawson (2010). 12 Consumer Behaviour. In Michael John Baker & Michael Saren (eds.), Marketing Theory: A Student Text. Sage 263.
     
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  46.  22
    Charles W. Kalish & Christopher A. Lawson (2007). Negative Evidence and Inductive Generalisation. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):394 – 425.
    How do people use past experience to generalise to novel cases? This paper reports four experiments exploring the significance on one class of past experiences: encounters with negative or contrasting cases. In trying to decide whether all ravens are black, what is the effect of learning about a non-raven that is not black? Two experiments with preschool-aged, young school-aged, and adult participants revealed that providing a negative example in addition to a positive example supports generalisation. Two additional experiments went on (...)
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  47.  68
    James D. Gwartney & Robert A. Lawson (2006). The Impact of Tax Policy on Economic Growth, Income Distribution, and Allocation of Taxes. Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (2):28-52.
    Using a sample of seventy-seven countries, this paper focuses on marginal tax rates and the income thresholds at which they apply to examine how the tax changes of the 1980s and 1990s have influenced economic growth, the distribution of income, and the share of taxes paid by various income groups. Many countries substantially reduced their highest marginal rates during the 1985-1995 period. The findings indicate that countries that reduced their highest marginal rates grew more rapidly than those that maintained high (...)
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  48.  9
    William E. Lawson (forthcoming). Agency, Conflicts of Interest, and Creditors' Committees. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:204-212.
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  49.  4
    George Lawson (2015). Revolutions and the International. Theory and Society 44 (4):299-319.
    Although contemporary theorists of revolution usually claim to be incorporating international dynamics in their analysis, “the international” remains a residual feature of revolutionary theory. For the most part, international processes are seen either as the facilitating context for revolutions or as the dependent outcome of revolutions. The result is an analytical bifurcation between international and domestic in which the former serves as the backdrop to the latter’s causal agency. This article demonstrates the benefits of a fuller engagement between revolutionary theory (...)
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  50.  6
    Rebecca Sear, David W. Lawson & Thomas E. Dickins, Synthesis in the Human Evolutionary Behavioural Sciences.
    Over the last three decades, the application of evolutionary theory to the human sciences has shown remarkable growth. This growth has also been characterised by a ‘splitting’ process, with the emergence of distinct sub-disciplines, most notably: Human Behavioural Ecology (HBE), Evolutionary Psychology (EP) and studies of Cultural Evolution (CE). Multiple applications of evolutionary ideas to the human sciences are undoubtedly a good thing, demonstrating the usefulness of this approach to human affairs. Nevertheless, this fracture has been associated with considerable tension, (...)
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