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  1. Robert Baker (2014). Against Anonymity. Bioethics 28 (4):166-169.
    In ‘New Threats to Academic Freedom’ Francesca Minerva argues that anonymity for the authors of controversial articles is a prerequisite for academic freedom in the Internet age. This argument draws its intellectual and emotional power from the author's account of the reaction to the on-line publication of ‘ After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?’ – an article that provoked cascades of hostile postings and e-mails. Reflecting on these events, Minerva proposes that publishers should offer the authors of controversial articles (...)
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  2. Robert Baker, Tom L. Beauchamp, Michael Boylan, Bernard Gert, Lawrence O. Gostin, Akiko Ito, Peter Tan & Rosemarie Tong (2014). Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  3. Robert Baker (2013). Robert M. Veatch: Hippocratic, Religious, and Secular Medical Ethics: The Points of Conflict. Georgetown University Press, 2012. [REVIEW] Bioethics 27 (9):514-515.
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  4. Deana D. Pennington, Gary L. Simpson, Marjorie S. McConnell, Jeanne M. Fair & Robert J. Baker (2013). Transdisciplinary Research, Transformative Learning, and Transformative Science. BioScience 63 (7):564-573.
  5. Robert C. Baker (2011). Natural Law, Human Sexuality, and Forde's "Acid Test". In Robert C. Baker & Roland Cap Ehlke (eds.), Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal. Concordia Pub. House.
     
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  6. Robert C. Baker & Roland Cap Ehlke (eds.) (2011). Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal. Concordia Pub. House.
     
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  7. Robert Baker (2010). Fine‐Tuning the Future. Hastings Center Report 40 (3):6-7.
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  8. Robert Baker (2010). To the Editor. Hastings Center Report 40 (3):6-7.
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  9. Sean Philpott & Robert Baker (2010). Why the Avandia Scandal Proves Big Pharma Needs Stronger Ethical Standards. Bioethics 24 (8):ii-iii.
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  10. Robert Baker (2009). Conscience and the Unconscionable. Bioethics 23 (5):ii-iv.
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  11. Robert Baker (2009). In Defense of Bioethics. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):83-92.
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  12. Robert Baker (2009). Union College's Rapaport Everyday Ethics Across the Curriculum Initiative. Teaching Ethics 9 (2):5-24.
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  13. Robert Baker (2009). U Ntil Recently. In Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.), The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company. 9.
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  14. Robert B. Baker (2009). The Discourses of Practitioners in Nineteenth-and Twentieth-Century Britain and the United States. In Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.), The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press. 2009--446.
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  15. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (eds.) (2009). The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics is the first comprehensive scholarly account of the global history of medical ethics. Offering original interpretations of the field by leading bioethicists and historians of medicine, it will serve as the essential point of departure for future scholarship in the field. The volumes reconceptualize the history of medical ethics through the creation of new categories, including the life cycle; discourses of religion, philosophy, and bioethics; and the relationship between medical ethics and the state, (...)
     
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  16. Robert Baker (2007). A History of Codes of Ethics for Bioethicists. In Lisa A. Eckenwiler & Felicia Cohn (eds.), The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape. Johns Hopkins University Press.
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  17. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). Medical Ethics' Appropriation of Moral Philosophy: The Case of the Sympathetic and the Unsympathetic Physician. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (1):3-22.
    Philosophy textbooks typically treat bioethics as a form of "applied ethics"-i.e., an attempt to apply a moral theory, like utilitarianism, to controversial ethical issues in biology and medicine. Historians, however, can find virtually no cases in which applied philosophical moral theory influenced ethical practice in biology or medicine. In light of the absence of historical evidence, the authors of this paper advance an alternative model of the historical relationship between philosophical ethics and medical ethics, the appropriation model. They offer two (...)
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  18. Robert Baker & Laurence B. McCullough (2007). The Relationship Between Moral Philosophy and Medical Ethics Reconsidered. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (3):271-276.
    : Medical ethics often is treated as applied ethics, that is, the application of moral philosophy to ethical issues in medicine. In an earlier paper, we examined instances of moral philosophy's influence on medical ethics. We found the applied ethics model inadequate and sketched an alternative model. On this model, practitioners seeking to change morality "appropriate" concepts and theory fragments from moral philosophy to valorize and justify their innovations. Goldilocks-like, five commentators tasted our offerings. Some found them too cold, since (...)
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  19. Robert Baker (2006). Confidentiality in Professional Medical Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):39 – 41.
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  20. Robert Baker (2006). Medical Ethics and Epidemics: A Historical Perspective. Advances in Bioethics 9:93-133.
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  21. John Balint, Martin Strosberg, Sean Philpott & Robert Baker (2006). Introduction to Ethics and Epidemics. Advances in Bioethics 9:xiii - xviii.
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  22. Jacob M. Appel, Mark D. Fox, Adrienne Asch, Robert Baker, Rachelle Bernacki, Katrina A. Bramstedt, Robert Macauley, Kathrin Braun, Robert A. Burt & Daniel Callahan (2005). Following is the Comprehensive Index for Volume 35 of the Hastings Center Report Covering All Feature Material From 2005. Let-Ters Have Not Been Included. Ffl Complete Issues Are Available for Volume 35 (2005) and May Be Purchased for $16.00 Each, Plus Shipping. Please Contact the Membership Department, The Hastings Center, 21 Malcolm Gordon Road, Garrison, NY 10524; Tel.:(845) 424-4040; Fax:(845) 424-4545; E-Mail: Publications@ Thehastingscenter. Org. [REVIEW] Hastings Center Report 35.
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  23. Robert Baker (2005). A Draft Model Aggregated Code of Ethics for Bioethicists. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):33 – 41.
    Bioethicists function in an environment in which their peers - healthcare executives, lawyers, nurses, physicians - assert the integrity of their fields through codes of professional ethics. Is it time for bioethics to assert its integrity by developing a code of ethics? Answering in the affirmative, this paper lays out a case by reviewing the historical nature and function of professional codes of ethics. Arguing that professional codes are aggregative enterprises growing in response to a field's historical experiences, it asserts (...)
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  24. Robert Baker (2005). Getting Agreement: How Bioethics Got Started. Hastings Center Report 35 (3):50-51.
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  25. Robert Baker (2005). International Bioethics and Human Rights: Reflections on a Proposed Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. Politics and Ethics Review 1 (2):188-196.
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  26. Robert Baker (2005). Response to Commentators on “A Draft Model Aggregated Code of Ethics for Bioethicists”. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):W12-W13.
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  27. Robert Baker (2004). Bias in Journalistic Accounts of Embryo Research Reconsidered. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):15 – 16.
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  28. Robert Baker (2003). Balkanizing Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):13 – 14.
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  29. Robert Baker (2002). Bioethics and History. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):447 – 474.
    Standard bioethics textbooks present the field to students and non-experts as a form of "applied ethics." This ahistoric and rationalistic presentation is similar to that used in philosophy of science textbooks until three decades ago. Thomas Kuhn famously critiqued this self-conception of the philosophy of science, persuading the field that it would become deeper, richer, and more philosophical, if it integrated the history of science, especially the history of scientific change, into its self-conception. This essay urges a similar reconceptualization for (...)
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  30. Robert Baker (2002). On Being a Bioethicist: A Review of John H. Evans Playing God?: Human Genetic Engineering and the Rationalization of Public Bioethical Debate. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):65-69.
    (2002). On Being a Bioethicist: A Review of John H. Evans Playing God?: Human Genetic Engineering and the Rationalization of Public Bioethical Debate. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 65-69.
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  31. Robert Baker (2002). On Being a Bioethicist (Review). American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):65-69.
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  32. Robert Baker (2002). Stem Cell Rhetoric and the Pragmatics of Naming. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):52-53.
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  33. Robert Baker (2002). From Metaethicist to Bioethicist. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (04):369-379.
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  34. Terry L. Yates, James N. Mills, Cheryl A. Parmenter, Thomas G. Ksiazek, Robert R. Parmenter, John R. Vande Castle, Charles H. Calisher, Stuart T. Nichol, Kenneth D. Abbott, Joni C. Young, Michael L. Morrison, Barry J. Beaty, Jonathan L. Dunnum, Robert J. Baker, Jorge Salazar-Bravo & Clarence J. Peters (2002). The Ecology and Evolutionary History of an Emergent Disease: Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. BioScience 52 (11):989.
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  35. Robert Baker (2001). The Facts of Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):53-56.
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  36. Robert Baker (2001). Bioethics and Human Rights: A Historical Perspective. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (3):241-252.
    Bioethics and human rights were conceived in the aftermath of the Holocaust, when moral outrage reenergized the outmoded concepts of and renaming them and to give them new purpose. Originally, the principles of bioethics were a means for protecting human rights, but through a historical accident, bioethical principles came to be considered as fundamental. In this paper I reflect on the parallel development and accidental divorce of bioethics and human rights to urge their reconciliation.
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  37. Robert P. Baker & Victoria Hargreaves (2001). Organ Donation and Transplantation: A Brief History of Technological and Ethical Developments. Advances in Bioethics 7:1-42.
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  38. Robert Baker & Linda Emanuel (2000). The Efficacy of Professional Ethics. Hastings Center Report 30 (4):S13.
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  39. Robert Baker (ed.) (1999). The American Medical Ethics Revolution: How the Ama's Code of Ethics has Transformed Physicians' Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    The American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, the first such national codification. In this volume, a distinguished group of experts from the fields of medicine, bioethics, and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the United States, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of the problems of the present, including what the editors call "a sense of moral crisis precipitated by the shift from a system of fee-for-service medicine to a (...)
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  40. Robert Baker & Linda Emanuel (1999). The Efficacy of Professional Ethics: The AMA Code of Ethics in Historical and Current Perspective. Hastings Center Report 30 (4 Suppl):S13 - 7.
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  41. Robert Baker (1998). A Theory of International Bioethics: Multiculturalism, Postmodernism, and the Bankruptcy of Fundamentalism. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (3):201-231.
  42. Robert Baker (1998). A Theory of International Bioethics: The Negotiable and the Non-Negotiable. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (3):233-273.
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  43. Robert Baker (1998). Negotiating International Bioethics: A Response to Tom Beauchamp and Ruth Macklin. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (4):423-453.
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  44. Robert Baker & Stephen Buckle (1995). The Codification of Medical Morality, Volume One: Medical Ethics and Etiquette in the Eighteenth Century. Bioethics-Oxford 9 (2):180-180.
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  45. Robert Baker (1993). Professional Integrity and Global Budgeting. Professional Ethics 2 (1/2):3-34.
  46. Robert Baker (1993). Visibility and the Just Allocation of Health Care: A Study of Age-Rationing in the British National Health Service. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 1 (2):139-150.
    The British National Health Service (BNHS) was founded, to quote Minister of Health Aneurin Bevan, to ‘universalise the best’. Over time, however, financial constraints forced the BNHS to turn to incrementalist budgeting, to rationalise care and to ask its practitioners to act as gatekeepers. Seeking a way to ration scarce tertiary care resources, BNHS gatekeepers began to use chronological age as a rationing criterion. Age-rationing became the ‘done thing’ without explicit policy directives and in a manner largely invisible to patients, (...)
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  47. Robert Baker (1992). Medical Ethics in a Time of De-Communization. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (4):363-370.
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  48. Robert Baker & Martin Strosberg (1992). Triage and Equality: An Historical Reassessment of Utilitarian Analyses of Triage. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (2):103-123.
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  49. Robert Baker (1985). Book Review:Medical Ethics: A Critical Textbook and Reference for the Health Care Professions. Natalie Abrams, Michael D. Buckner; Troubling Problems in Medical Ethics. Marc Basson, Rachel Lipson, Doreen Ganos; Contemporary Issues in Bioethics. Tom Beuachamp, Leroy Walters; Clinical Ethics: A Practical Approach to Ethical Decisions in Clinical Medicine. Albert R. Jonsen, Mark Siegler, William J. Winslade; Ethical Dimensions in the Health Professions. Ruth Purtillo, Christine Gassel. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (2):370-.
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  50. Robert Baker (1971). Alice, Bergmann, and the Mad Hatter. Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):707 - 736.
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