Search results for 'Robert E. Goodin' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Robert E. Goodin (1988). Heroic Measures and False Hopes: Robert E. Goodin. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 23:17-32.
    The precise application of the term ‘heroic measures’ in the discourse of medicine and medical ethics is somewhat uncertain. What counts and what does not is, at the margins, a perpetually contentious issue. Basically, though, we can say that the term refers to the deployment of unusual technologies or treatment regimes, or of ordinary technologies or treatment regimes beyond their usual limits.
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  2. Robert E. Goodin (1995). Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Utilitarianism, the great reforming philosophy of the nineteenth century, has today acquired the reputation for being a crassly calculating, impersonal philosophy unfit to serve as a guide to moral conduct. Yet what may disqualify utilitarianism as a personal philosophy makes it an eminently suitable guide for public officials in the pursuit of their professional responsibilities. Robert E. Goodin, a philosopher with many books on political theory, public policy and applied ethics to his credit, defends utilitarianism against its critics (...)
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  3. Robert E. Goodin (2011). Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Utilitarianism, the great reforming philosophy of the nineteenth century, has today acquired the reputation for being a crassly calculating, impersonal philosophy unfit to serve as a guide to moral conduct. Yet what may disqualify utilitarianism as a personal philosophy makes it an eminently suitable guide for public officials in the pursuit of their professional responsibilities. Robert E. Goodin, a philosopher with many books on political theory, public policy and applied ethics to his credit, defends utilitarianism against its critics (...)
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  4. Keith Dowding, Robert E. Goodin & Carole Pateman (eds.) (2004). Justice and Democracy: Essays for Brian Barry. Cambridge University Press.
    'Justice' and 'democracy' have alternated as dominant themes in political philosophy over the last fifty years. Since its revival in the middle of the twentieth century, political philosophy has focused on first one and then the other of these two themes. Rarely, however, has it succeeded in holding them in joint focus. This volume brings together leading authors who consider the relationship between democracy and justice in a set of specially written chapters. The intrinsic justness of democracy is challenged, the (...)
     
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  5. Robert E. Goodin (2010). Utilitarianism as a Public Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Utilitarianism, the great reforming philosophy of the nineteenth century, has today acquired the reputation for being a crassly calculating, impersonal philosophy unfit to serve as a guide to moral conduct. Yet what may disqualify utilitarianism as a personal philosophy makes it an eminently suitable guide for public officials in the pursuit of their professional responsibilities. Robert E. Goodin, a philosopher with many books on political theory, public policy and applied ethics to his credit, defends utilitarianism against its critics (...)
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  6.  10
    Robert E. Goodin (1996). Book Review:A Future for Socialism. John E. Roemer. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (2):462-.
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  7.  10
    Robert E. Goodin (1986). Book Review:Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Robert N. Bellah, Richard Madsen, William M. Sullivan, Ann Swidler, Steven M. Tipton. [REVIEW] Ethics 96 (2):431-.
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  8.  9
    Robert E. Goodin (1995). Book Review:The Idea of Democracy. David Copp, Jean Hampton, John E. Roemer. [REVIEW] Ethics 105 (2):425-.
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  9.  7
    Robert E. Goodin (1980). Book Review:Ethics and Problems of the 21st Century. K. E. Goodpaster, K. M. Sayre. [REVIEW] Ethics 91 (1):154-.
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  10.  2
    Robert E. Goodin & Phillip Pettit (1998). 848, US $42.50. Curthoys, Jean, Feminist Amnesia, New York & London, Routledge, 1997, Xii+ 200, $28.95. Devitt, Michael, Realism and Truth, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1996, 340, US $14.95. Dworkin, Gerald (Ed.), Mill's On Liberty: Critical E~ Says, Lanham, Maryland, Rowman and Littlefield, 1997, Xiii+ 189, US $34.00 (Cloth)/US $12.95 (Paper). [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (1):136-137.
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  11. David Schmidtz & Robert E. Goodin (1998). Social Welfare and Individual Responsibility. Cambridge University Press.
    The issue of social welfare and individual responsibility has become a topic of international public debate in recent years as politicians around the world now question the legitimacy of state-funded welfare systems. David Schmidtz and Robert Goodin debate the ethical merits of individual versus collective responsibility for welfare. David Schmidtz argues that social welfare policy should prepare people for responsible adulthood rather than try to make that unnecessary. Robert Goodin argues against the individualization of welfare policy (...)
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  12. David Schmidtz & Robert E. Goodin (2012). Social Welfare and Individual Responsibility. Cambridge University Press.
    The issue of social welfare and individual responsibility has become a topic of international public debate in recent years as politicians around the world now question the legitimacy of state-funded welfare systems. David Schmidtz and Robert Goodin debate the ethical merits of individual versus collective responsibility for welfare. David Schmidtz argues that social welfare policy should prepare people for responsible adulthood rather than try to make that unnecessary. Robert Goodin argues against the individualization of welfare policy (...)
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  13.  32
    Robert E. Goodin (2006). Volenti Goes to Market. Journal of Ethics 10 (1-2):53 - 74.
    If free markets consist in nothing more than “capitalist acts between consenting adults,” and if in the old legal maxim “volenti non fit injuria,” then it seems to follow that free markets do no wrongs. But that defense of free markets wrenches the “volenti” maxim out of context. In common law adjudication of disputes between two parties, it is perfectly appropriate to cast standards of “volenti” narrowly, and largely ignore “duress via third parties” (wrongs done to or by others who (...)
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  14. Robert E. Goodin (1992). Green Political Theory. Polity.
    With their remarkable electoral successes, Green parties worldwide seized the political imagination of friends and foes alike. Mainstream politicians busily disparage them and imitate them in turn. This new book shows that 'greens' deserve to be taken more seriously than that. This is the first full-length philosophical discussion of the green political programme. Goodin shows that green public policy proposals are unified by a single, coherent moral vision - a 'green theory of value' - that is largely independent of (...)
     
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  15.  32
    Robert E. Goodin (1990). International Ethics and the Environmental Crisis. Ethics and International Affairs 4 (1):91–105.
    Goodin outlines specific ways to overcome the crisis through international means, requiring each nation to reduce its own hazardous production, and enjoining a collective effort to confront the challenge of global environmental deterioration.
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  16. Robert E. Goodin (2007). Enfranchising All Affected Interests, and its Alternatives. Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (1):40–68.
  17. Robert E. Goodin (2013). Green Political Theory. Polity.
    With their remarkable electoral successes, Green parties worldwide seized the political imagination of friends and foes alike. Mainstream politicians busily disparage them and imitate them in turn. This new book shows that 'greens' deserve to be taken more seriously than that. This is the first full-length philosophical discussion of the green political programme. Goodin shows that green public policy proposals are unified by a single, coherent moral vision - a 'green theory of value' - that is largely independent of (...)
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  18. Chiara Lepora & Robert E. Goodin (2015). On Complicity and Compromise. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Drawing on philosophy, law and political science, and on a wealth of practical experience delivering emergency medical services in conflict-ridden settings, Lepora and Goodin untangle the complexities surrounding compromise and complicity.
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  19.  16
    Robert E. Goodin (2008). Innovating Democracy: Democratic Theory and Practice After the Deliberative Turn. OUP Oxford.
    Revisioning macro-democratic processes in light of the processes and promise of micro-deliberation, Innovating Democracy provides an integrated perspective on democratic theory and practice after the deliberative turn.
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  20. Robert E. Goodin (2009). Demandingness as a Virtue. Journal of Ethics 13 (1):1-13.
    Philosophers who complain about the ‹demandingness’ of morality forget that a morality can make too few demands as well as too many. What we ought be seeking is an appropriately demanding morality. This article recommends a ‹moral satisficing’ approach to determining when a morality is ‹demanding enough’, and an institutionalized solution to keeping the demands within acceptable limits.
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  21. Robert E. Goodin (1988). What is so Special About Our Fellow Countrymen? Ethics 98 (4):663-686.
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  22. Christian List & Robert E. Goodin (2001). Epistemic Democracy: Generalizing the Condorcet Jury Theorem. Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (3):277–306.
    This paper generalises the classical Condorcet jury theorem from majority voting over two options to plurality voting over multiple options. The paper further discusses the debate between epistemic and procedural democracy and situates its formal results in that debate. The paper finally compares a number of different social choice procedures for many-option choices in terms of their epistemic merits. An appendix explores the implications of some of the present mathematical results for the question of how probable majority cycles (as in (...)
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  23. Robert E. Goodin & Christian Barry (2014). Benefiting From the Wrongdoing of Others. Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):363-376.
    Bracket out the wrong of committing a wrong, or conspiring or colluding or conniving with others in their committing one. Suppose you have done none of those things, and you find yourself merely benefiting from a wrong committed wholly by someone else. What, if anything, is wrong with that? What, if any, duties follow from it? If straightforward restitution were possible — if you could just ‘give back’ what you received as a result of the wrongdoing to its rightful owner (...)
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  24.  18
    Brian Barry & Robert E. Goodin (eds.) (1992). Free Movement Ethical Issues in the Transnational Migration of People and of Money. Penn State University Press.
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  25.  15
    Robert E. Goodin (1988). Reasons for Welfare: The Political Theory of the Welfare State. Princeton University Press.
    Discusses the justification for a minimal welfare state independent of political rhetoric from the right or the left.
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  26.  57
    Robert E. Goodin (2000). Democratic Deliberation Within. Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (1):81-109.
  27.  56
    Charles R. Beitz & Robert E. Goodin (eds.) (2009). Global Basic Rights. OUP Oxford.
    Global Basic Rights brings together many of the most influential contemporary writers in political philosophy and international relations to explore some of the most challenging theoretical and practical questions provoked by Henry Shue's classic book Basic Rights.
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  28.  52
    Robert E. Goodin & Christian List (2006). A Conditional Defense of Plurality Rule: Generalizing May's Theorem in a Restricted Informational Environment. American Journal of Political Science 50 (4):940-949.
    May's theorem famously shows that, in social decisions between two options, simple majority rule uniquely satisfies four appealing conditions. Although this result is often cited in support of majority rule, it has never been extended beyond decisions based on pairwise comparisons of options. We generalize May's theorem to many-option decisions where voters each cast one vote. Surprisingly, plurality rule uniquely satisfies May's conditions. This suggests a conditional defense of plurality rule: If a society's balloting procedure collects only a single vote (...)
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  29. Lea Ypi, Robert E. Goodin & Christian Barry (2009). Associative Duties, Global Justice, and the Colonies. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (2):103-135.
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  30.  14
    Chiara Lepora & Robert E. Goodin (2016). On Complicity and Compromise: A Reply to Peter French and Steven Ratner. Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):591-602.
    Peter French’s and Steven Ratner’s thoughtful comments are helpful in advancing the analysis we offered in our book On Complicity and Compromise. Inevitably, there are areas of disagreement and bones to pick. However, our primary concern in this reply will be to press, with their assistance, the more positive agenda.
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  31. Robert E. Goodin (1989). The Ethics of Smoking. Ethics 99 (3):574-624.
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  32. Robert E. Goodin (1990). No Smoking: The Ethical Issues. University of Chicago Press Journals.
     
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  33. Richard J. Arneson, Robert E. Goodin, David Schmidtz, Agnieszka Jaworska, Caspar Hare & Lionel K. McPherson (2007). 10. Laurence Thomas, The Family and the Political Self Laurence Thomas, The Family and the Political Self (Pp. 580-585). In Laurie DiMauro (ed.), Ethics. Greenhaven Press
     
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  34.  11
    Robert E. Goodin (2012). On Settling. Princeton University Press.
    Introduction -- Modes of settling: settling down, settling in, settling up, settling for, settling one's affairs, settling on -- The value of settling: settling as an aid to planning and agency, settling, commitment, trust, and confidence, settling the social fabric -- What settling is not: settling is not just compromising, settling is not just conservatism, settling is not just resignation -- Settling in aid of striving: settling in order to strive, what strivings require settling, and why, when to switch between (...)
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  35.  24
    Robert E. Goodin (2009). Rationalising Discursive Anomalies. Theoria 56 (119):1-13.
    Sunstein's Infotopia offers four reasons for thinking that information-pooling via mechanical aggregation of votes is superior to discursive sharing of opinions. This article focuses on two of them—the Common Knowledge Effect and Group Polarisation—showing that both phenomena might have perfectly good Bayesian explanations. Far from constituting 'errors', both can actually contribute to truth-tracking in ways that cannot be accomplished via mechanical aggregation of votes alone.
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  36. Goodin, E. Robert & Kai Spiekermann (2012). Epistemic Aspects of Representative Government. European Political Science Review 4 (3):303--325.
    The Federalist, justifying the Electoral College to elect the president, claimed that a small group of more informed individuals would make a better decision than the general mass. But the Condorcet Jury Theorem tells us that the more independent, better-than-random voters there are, the more likely it will be that the majority among them will be correct. The question thus arises as to how much better, on average, members of the smaller group would have to be to compensate for the (...)
     
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  37.  91
    Robert E. Goodin & Christian List (2006). Special Majorities Rationalized. British Journal of Political Science 36 (2):213-241.
    Complaints are common about the arbitrary and conservative bias of special-majority rules. Such complaints, however, apply to asymmetrical versions of those rules alone. Symmetrical special-majority rules remedy that defect, albeit at the cost of often rendering no determinate verdict. Here what is formally at stake, both procedurally and epistemically, is explored in the choice between those two forms of special-majority rule and simple-majority rule; and practical ways are suggested of resolving matters left open by symmetrical special-majority rules – such as (...)
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  38.  9
    Robert E. Goodin (1992). Motivating Political Morality. Blackwell.
  39.  13
    Robert E. Goodin (1989). Theories of Compensation. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 9 (1):56-75.
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  40.  65
    Robert E. Goodin (1986). Responsibilities. Philosophical Quarterly 36 (142):50-56.
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  41. Kai Spiekermann & Robert E. Goodin (2012). Courts of Many Minds. British Journal of Political Science 42:555-571.
    In 'A Constitution of Many Minds' Cass Sunstein argues that the three major approaches to constitutional interpretation – Traditionalism, Populism and Cosmopolitanism – all rely on some variation of a ‘many-minds’ argument. Here we assess each of these claims through the lens of the Condorcet Jury Theorem. In regard to the first two approaches we explore the implications of sequential influence among courts (past and foreign, respectively). In regard to the Populist approach, we consider the influence of opinion leaders.
     
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  42.  35
    Robert E. Goodin & Joanne C. Lau (2011). Enfranchising Incompetents: Suretyship and the Joint Authorship of Laws. Ratio 24 (2):154-166.
    Proposals to lower the age of voting, to 15 for example, are regularly met with worries that people that age are not sufficiently ‘competent’. Notice however that we allow people that age to sign binding legal contracts, provided that those contracts are co-signed by their parents. Notice, further, that in a democracy voters are collectively ‘joint authors’ of the laws that they enact. Enfranchising some less competent voters is no worry, the Condorcet Jury Theorem assures us, so long as the (...)
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  43. Robert E. Goodin & Frank Jackson (2007). Freedom From Fear. Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (3):249–265.
  44.  88
    Robert E. Goodin & Lina Eriksson (2009). Democratically Relevant Alternatives. Analysis 69 (1):9-17.
    Many paradoxes have been revealed in the theory of democracy over the years. This article points to yet another paradox at the heart of democracy, whether in its aggregative or deliberative form.The paradox is this: If you are dealing with a large and heterogeneous community, in which people's choices are menu-sensitive in diverse ways, and if people's cognitive capacities preclude them from considering all items on a large menu simultaneouslythen individuals’ choices may be unstable and manipulable depending on how choices (...)
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  45.  43
    Robert E. Goodin & Geoffrey Brennan (2001). Bargaining Over Beliefs. Ethics 111 (2):256-277.
  46. Robert E. Goodin (2007). Why Social Justice is Not All That Matters: Justice as the First Virtue. Ethics 117 (3):413-432.
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  47. Robert E. Goodin (2012). Index. In On Settling. Princeton University Press 107-114.
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  48. Robert E. Goodin & Andrew Reeve (eds.) (1989). Liberal Neutrality. Routledge.
  49.  18
    Robert E. Goodin (2006). The Epistemic Benefi Ts of Multiple Biased Observers. Episteme 3 (3):166-174.
    We know that we can learn much from the reports of multiple competent, independent, unbiased observers. There are also things we can learn from the reports of competent but biased observers. Specifically, when reports go against the grain of an agent’s known biases, we can be relatively confident in the veracity of those reports. Triangulating on the truth via that mechanism requires a multiplicity of observers with distinct biases, each of whose reports might be one-way decisive in that fashion. It (...)
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  50.  86
    Robert E. Goodin (1987). Egalitarianism, Fetishistic and Otherwise. Ethics 98 (1):44-49.
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