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Profile: Robert F. Card (State University of New York (SUNY), University of Rochester)
  1. Robert F. Card (2014). Reasonability and Conscientious Objection in Medicine: A Reply to Marsh and an Elaboration of the Reason‐Giving Requirement. Bioethics 28 (6):320-326.
    In this paper I defend the Reasonability View: the position that medical professionals seeking a conscientious exemption must state reasons in support of their objection and allow those reasons to be subject to evaluation. Recently, this view has been criticized by Jason Marsh as proposing a standard that is either too difficult to meet or too easy to satisfy. First, I defend the Reasonability View from this proposed dilemma. Then, I develop this view by presenting and explaining some of the (...)
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  2. Robert F. Card (2011). Gender, Justice Within the Family, and the Commitments of Liberalism. In Adrianne Leigh McEvoy (ed.), Sex, Love, and Friendship: Studies of the Society for the Philosophy of Sex and Love: 1993-2003. Rodopi.
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  3. Robert F. Card (2010). Situationist Social Psychology and J. S. Mill's Conception of Character. Utilitas 22 (4):481-493.
    The situationist challenge to global character traits claims that on the basis of findings in social psychology, we should only accept at most the existence of local or context-sensitive traits. In this article I explore a neglected area of J. S. Mill's work to outline an account of context-sensitive traits. This account of traits, coupled with a sophisticated consequentialist ethical framework, suggests an interesting view on which persons govern the circumstances of their actions (to the extent possible) in order to (...)
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  4. Robert F. Card (2008). Scouring the Scourge: Spontaneous Abortion and Morality. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):27 – 29.
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  5. Robert F. Card (2007). Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):8 – 14.
    This article argues that practitioners have a professional ethical obligation to dispense emergency contraception, even given conscientious objection to this treatment. This recent controversy affects all medical professionals, including physicians as well as pharmacists. This article begins by analyzing the option of referring the patient to another willing provider. Objecting professionals may conscientiously refuse because they consider emergency contraception to be equivalent to abortion or because they believe contraception itself is immoral. This article critically evaluates these reasons and concludes that (...)
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  6. Robert F. Card (2007). Inconsistency and the Theoretical Commitments of Hooker's Rule-Consequentialism. Utilitas 19 (2):243-258.
    Rule-consequentialism is frequently regarded as problematic since it faces the following powerful dilemma: either rule-consequentialism collapses into act-consequentialism or rule-consequentialism is inconsistent. Recent defenders of this theory such as Brad Hooker provide a careful response to this objection. By explicating the nature and theoretical commitments of rule-consequentialism, I contend that these maneuvers are not successful by offering a new way of viewing the dilemma which retains its force even in light of these recent discussions. The central idea is that even (...)
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  7. Robert F. Card (2007). Response to Commentators on "Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception": Sex, Drugs and the Rocky Role of Levonorgestrel. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):W4 – W6.
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  8. Robert F. Card (2006). Two Puzzles for Marquis's Conservative View on Abortion. Bioethics 20 (5):264–277.
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  9. Robert F. Card (2005). Individual Responsibility Within Organizational Contexts. Journal of Business Ethics 62 (4):397 - 405.
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  10. Robert F. Card (2005). Making Sense of the Diversity-Based Legal Argument for Affirmative Action. Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (1):11-24.
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  11. Robert F. Card (2004). Abortion and the Ways We Value Human Life. Southwest Philosophy Review 20 (2):225-228.
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  12. Robert F. Card (2004). Consequentialist Teleology and the Valuation of States of Affairs. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):253-265.
    Elizabeth Anderson claims that states of affairs are merely extrinsically valuable, since we value them only in virtue of the intrinsically valuable (e.g.) persons in those states of affairs. Since it considers states of affairs to be the sole bearers of intrinsic value, Anderson argues that consequentialism is incoherent because it attempts to globally maximize extrinsic value. I respond to this objection by distinguishing between two forms of consequentialist teleology and arguing that Anderson''s claim is either harmless or her argument (...)
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  13. Robert F. Card (2004). Consequentialism, Teleology, and the New Friendship Critique1. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (2):149-172.
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  14. Robert F. Card (2004). Pure Aretaic Ethics and Character. Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (4):473-484.
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  15. Robert F. Card (2002). Using Case Studies to Develop Critical Thinking Skills in Ethics Courses. Teaching Ethics 3 (1):19-27.
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  16. Robert F. Card (2001). Public Affa1rs Quarterly. Public Affairs Quarterly 15:155.
     
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  17. Robert F. Card (2000). Infanticide and the Liberal View on Abortion. Bioethics 14 (4):340–351.
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