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Robert J. Howell [27]Robert Howell [22]
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Profile: Robert Howell (State University of New York (SUNY))
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  1. Robert J. Howell (forthcoming). Epistemic Internalism and Perceptual Content: How a Fear of Demons Leads to an Error Theory of Perception. Philosophical Studies:1-18.
    Despite the fact that many of our beliefs are justified by perceptual experience, there is relatively little exploration of the connections between epistemic justification and perceptual content. This is unfortunate since it seems likely that some views of justification will require particular views of content, and the package of the two might be quite a bit less attractive than either view considered alone. I will argue that this is the case for epistemic internalism. In particular, epistemic internalism requires a view (...)
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  2. Robert J. Howell (2014). Google Morals, Virtue, and the Asymmetry of Deference. Noûs 48 (3):389-415.
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  3. Robert J. Howell (2014). The Self and Self-Knowledge By Annalisa Coliva. Analysis 74 (3):547-550.
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  4. Robert Howell (2013). Aldrich, Virgil Charles. My Century. Ed. Alan Mendelson. Raleigh, NC: Lulu.Com, 2010, 295 Pp., $34.95 Cloth. Aldrich, Virgil Charles. Philosophical Reflections. Ed. Alan Mendelson. Raleigh, NC: Lulu.Com, 2010, Ix + 136 Pp., $29.95 Cloth. [REVIEW] Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (2):226-229.
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  5. Robert Howell (2013). Kant and Kantian Themes in Recent Analytic Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):42-47.
    This article notes six advances in recent analytic Kant research: (1) Strawson's interpretation, which, together with work by Bennett, Sellars, and others, brought renewed attention to Kant through its account of space, time, objects, and the Transcendental Deduction and its sharp criticisms of Kant on causality and idealism; (2) the subsequent investigations of Kantian topics ranging from cognitive science and philosophy of science to mathematics; (3) the detailed work, by a number of scholars, on the Transcendental Deduction; (4) the clearer (...)
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  6. Robert J. Howell (2013). Consciousness and the Limits of Objectivity: The Case for Subjective Physicalism. Oup Oxford.
    Robert J. Howell offers a new account of the relationship between conscious experience and the physical world, based on a neo-Cartesian notion of the physical and careful consideration of three anti-materialist arguments. His theory of subjective physicalism reconciles the data of consciousness with the advantages of a monistic, physical ontology.
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  7. Robert J. Howell (2013). Deferring to Moral Experts. The Philosophers' Magazine 61 (61):37-41.
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  8. Robert J. Howell (2013). Perception From the First‐Person Perspective. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):n/a-n/a.
    This paper develops a view of the content of perceptual states that reflects the cognitive significance those states have for the subject. Perhaps the most important datum for such a theory is the intuition that experiences are ‘transparent’, an intuition promoted by philosophers as diverse as Sartre and Dretske. This paper distinguishes several different transparency theses, and considers which ones are truly supported by the phenomenological data. It is argued that the only thesis supported by the data is much weaker (...)
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  9. Robert Howell, Anna Kostikova & Vadim V. Vasilyev (2013). Introductory Note. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):1-1.
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  10. Torin Alter & Robert J. Howell (2011). Consciousness and The Mind-Body Problem: A Reader. OUP USA.
    Over the past three decades, the challenge that conscious experience poses to physicalism--the widely held view that the universe is a completely physical system--has provoked a growing debate in philosophy of mind studies and given rise to a great deal of literature on the subject. Ideal for courses in consciousness and the philosophy of mind, Consciousness and The Mind-Body Problem: A Reader presents thirty-three classic and contemporary readings, organized into five sections that cover the major issues in this debate: the (...)
     
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  11. Robert Howell (2011). The Skeptic, the Content Externalist, and the Theist. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (3):173-180.
    Some philosophers argue that content externalism can provide the foundations of an argument against the traditional epistemological skeptic. I maintain that if such an argument is available, it seems there is also an a priori argument against the possibility of a creationist god. My suspicion is that such a strong consequence is not desirable for the content-externalists, and that the availability of this argument therefore casts doubt on the anti-skeptical position. I argue that all content externalists should be troubled by (...)
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  12. Robert J. Howell (2011). Living the Dream. The Philosophers' Magazine 52 (52):107-108.
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  13. Robert J. Howell (2011). Make Your Self Scarce. The Philosophers' Magazine 55 (55):100-101.
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  14. Robert J. Howell (2011). Make Your Self Scarce: The Ego Trick: What Does It Mean to Be You? By Julian Baggini (Granta)£ 14.99. The Philosophers' Magazine 55:100-101.
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  15. Robert J. Howell (2011). Review of Mark Siderits, Evan Thompson, Dan Zahavi (Eds.), Self, No-Self? Perspectives From Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (7).
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  16. Robert J. Howell (2011). The Knowledge Argument and the Implications of Phenomenal Knowledge. Philosophy Compass 6 (7):459-468.
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  17. Robert J. Howell (2010). Our Knowledge of the Internal World – Robert Stalnaker. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238):196-197.
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  18. Robert J. Howell (2010). Subjectivity and the Elusiveness of the Self. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):459-483.
    'Where am I?' This is something we might expect to hear from hapless explorers or academics with no sense of direction. If we can, we'll explain to our inquirer that he is east of East St. Louis and hope he can find his way from there. If he persists, insisting that he is not really lost, but only cannot find himself no matter how hard he looks, we might reasonably suspect that we are dealing with that peculiarly incorrigible academic explorer, (...)
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  19. Robert Howell (2009). Logic. Philosophy Now 74:24-25.
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  20. Robert J. Howell (2009). Emergentism and Supervenience Physicalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):83 – 98.
    A purely metaphysical formulation of physicalism is surprisingly elusive. One popular slogan is, 'There is nothing over and above the physical'. Problems with this arise on two fronts. First, it is difficult to explain what makes a property 'physical' without appealing to the methodology of physics or to particular ways in which properties are known. This obviously introduces epistemic features into the core of a metaphysical issue. Second, it is difficult to cash out 'over-and-aboveness' in a way that is rigorous, (...)
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  21. Robert J. Howell, The Hard Problem of Consciousness. Scholarpedia.
  22. Robert J. Howell (2009). The Ontology of Subjective Physicalism. Noûs 43 (2):315-345.
  23. Robert J. Howell (2008). Review of Lucy O'Brien, Self-Knowing Agents. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (3).
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  24. Robert J. Howell (2008). 6 Subjective Physicalism. In Edmond Wright (ed.), The Case for Qualia. The Mit Press. 125.
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  25. Robert J. Howell (2008). The Two-Dimensionalistreductio. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (3):348-358.
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  26. Robert J. Howell (2008). The Two-Dimensionalist Reductio. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (3):348-358.
    Abstract: In recent years two-dimensional semantics has become one of the most serious alternatives to Millianism for the proper interpretation of modal discourse. It has origins in the works of a diverse group of philosophers, and it has proven popular as an interpretation of both language and thought. It has probably received most of its attention, however, because of its use by David Chalmers in his arguments against materialism. It is this more metaphysical application of two-dimensionalism that is the concern (...)
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  27. Robert J. Howell (2007). Immunity to Error and Subjectivity. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):581-604.
  28. Robert J. Howell (2007). The Knowledge Argument and Objectivity. Philosophical Studies 135 (2):145 - 177.
    In this paper I argue that Frank Jackson.
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  29. Robert J. Howell (2006). Self-Knowledge and Self-Reference. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (1):44-70.
    Self-Knowledge and Self-Reference is a defense and reconciliation of the two apparently conflicting theses that the self is peculiarly elusive and that our basic, cogito-judgments are certain. On the one hand, Descartes seems to be correct that nothing is more certain than basic statements of self-knowledge, such as "I am thinking." On the other hand, there is the compelling Humean observation that when we introspect, nothing is found except for various "impressions." The problem, then, is that the Humean and Cartesian (...)
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  30. Robert J. Howell (2005). A Puzzle for Pragmatism. American Philosophical Quarterly 42 (2):131-136.
    It is an intuitively attractive view that the importance of a proposition affects the amount of evidence a subject needs in order to know that proposition—the more important the proposition is to the subject, the more evidence the subject must have in order for her to count as knowing the proposition. This paper argues that because unimportant propositions entail the falsity of very important propositions this position either results in the lack of closure of knowledge under known implication, or it (...)
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  31. Robert Howell (2004). Review of A. B. Dickerson, Kant on Representation and Objectivity. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (9).
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  32. Robert Howell (2004). The Conundrum of the Object and Other Problems From Kant. Kantian Review 8 (1):115-136.
  33. François Penz, Gregory Radick & Robert Howell (eds.) (2004). Space: In Science, Art, and Society. Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays explores different perceptions of space, taking the reader on a journey from the inner space of the mind to the vacuum beyond Earth. Eight leading researchers span a broad range of fields, from the arts and humanities to the natural sciences. They consider topics ranging from human consciousness to virtual reality, architecture and politics. The essays are written in an accessible style for a general audience.
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  34. Jeremy Fantl & Robert J. Howell (2003). Sensations, Swatches, and Speckled Hens. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 84 (4):371-383.
  35. Robert Howell (2002). Ontology and the Nature of the Literary Work. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (1):67–79.
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  36. Robert Howell (2002). Types, Indicated and Initiated. British Journal of Aesthetics 42 (2):105-127.
    I defend the conception of musical works as indicated temporally initiated types against Julian Dodd's recent argument that all types are eternal and uncreated. In doing so, I develop a new account of both cultural and natural types. While types are in a certain sense determined by the properties that underlie them, not all properties determine types; and properties such as being indicated by Beethoven exist only once the temporally initiated entities that those properties essentially involve exist. A cultural type (...)
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  37. Robert J. Howell (2002). Self-Knowledge and Self-Reference. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (1):44-70.
    Self-Knowledge and Self-Reference is a defense and reconciliation of the two apparently conflicting theses that the self is peculiarly elusive and that our basic, cogito-judgments are certain. On the one hand, Descartes seems to be correct that nothing is more certain than basic statements of self-knowledge, such as "I am thinking." On the other hand, there is the compelling Humean observation that when we introspect, nothing is found except for various "impressions." The problem, then, is that the Humean and Cartesian (...)
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  38. Robert Howell (2001). Kant and the Demands of Self-Consciousness. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):733-736.
  39. Robert Howell (1998). Literatura i interpretacja. Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 27 (3):43-52.
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  40. Robert Howell (1997). Review of W Alton (1990). [REVIEW] Synthese 109:413-34.
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  41. Robert Howell (1996). Review Essay. Synthese 109 (3):413-434.
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  42. Robert Howell (1981). Apperception and the 1787 Transcendental Deduction. Synthese 47 (3):385 - 448.
    I examine central points in the 1787 deduction, Including the question of how kant can demonstrate his crucial claim that if I know via intuition "i", Then any element of "i"'s manifold is such that I am or can become conscious that that element is mine. I also consider the deduction's overall strategy, Kant's theory of synthesis and of our use of 'i', And some recent interpretations. See, Further, My 1981 "dialectica" transcendental-Object paper.
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  43. Robert Howell (1981). Kant's First‐Critique Theory of the Transcendental Object. Dialectica 35 (1):85-125.
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  44. Robert Howell (1979). Fictional Objects: How They Are and How They Aren't. Poetics 8:129--177.
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  45. Robert Howell (1976). Ordinary Pictures, Mental Representations, and Logical Forms. Synthese 33 (2-4):149 - 174.
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  46. Robert Howell (1974). The Logical Structure of Pictorial Representation. Theoria 40 (2):76-109.
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  47. Robert Howell (1973). Intuition, Synthesis, and Individuation in the Critique of Pure Reason. Noûs 7 (3):207-232.
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  48. Robert Howell, Edward Langerak, Adam Morton & Michael Tooley (1973). Correspondence. Philosophy and Public Affairs 2 (4):407-432.
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  49. Robert Howell (1972). Seeing As. Synthese 23 (4):400 - 422.
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