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  1.  19
    Robert J. Levine (1986). Ethics and Regulation of Clinical Research. Urban & Schwarzenberg.
    In this book, Dr. Robert J. Levine reviews federal regulations, ethical analysis, and case studies in an attempt to answer these questions.
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  2.  6
    Robert J. Levine (forthcoming). The Use of Placebos in Randomized Clinical Trials. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  3.  10
    Robert J. Levine, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller, John L. Young & Judith B. Gordon (2011). Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):24-30.
    This article argues that we could improve the design of research protocols by developing an awareness of and a responsiveness to the social contexts of all the actors in the research enterprise, including subjects, investigators, sponsors, and members of the community in which the research will be conducted. ?Social context? refers to the settings in which the actors are situated, including, but not limited to, their social, economic, political, cultural, and technological features. The utility of thinking about social contexts is (...)
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  4.  4
    Tom L. Beauchamp, Bruce Jennings, Eleanor D. Kinney & Robert J. Levine (2002). Pharmaceutical Research Involving the Homeless. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (5):547 – 564.
    Discussions of research involving vulnerable populations have left the homeless comparatively ignored. Participation by these subjects in drug studies has the potential to be upsetting, inconvenient, or unpleasant. Participation occasionally produces injury, health emergencies, and chronic health problems. Nonetheless, no ethical justification exists for the categorical exclusion of homeless persons from research. The appropriate framework for informed consent for these subjects of pharmaceutical research is not a single event of oral or written consent, but a multi-staged arrangement of disclosure, dialogue, (...)
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  5.  2
    Robert J. Levine (forthcoming). FDA's New Rule on Treatment Use and Sale of Investigational New Drugs. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  6. Robert J. Levine (1991). Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 19 (3-4):207-213.
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  7.  3
    Robert J. Levine (1979). Clarifying the Concepts of Research Ethics. Hastings Center Report 9 (3):21-26.
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  8.  6
    Robert J. Levine (1994). The Impact of HIV Infection on Society's Perception of Clinical Trials. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (2):93-98.
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  9.  25
    Robert J. Levine (forthcoming). [The Doctor's Unproven Beliefs and the Subject's Informed Choice: Another Commentary]: Response. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  10.  4
    Robert J. Levine (1991). Commentary. Hastings Center Report 21 (2):27-29.
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  11. Robert J. Levine (2008). The Nature, Scope, and Justification of Clinical Research. In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press 211.
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  12. Robert J. Levine (1991). Informed Consent: Some Challenges to the Universal Validity of the Western Model. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):207-213.
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  13.  4
    Robert J. Levine (1988). An IRB-Approved Protocol on the Use of Human Fetal Tissue. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 11 (2):7-8.
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  14.  7
    Robert J. Levine (2005). Reflections on 'Rethinking Research Ethics'. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):1 – 3.
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  15.  1
    Robert J. Levine & Carl Djerassi (1990). A Novelist's View of Scientific Fraud. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 18 (4):422-422.
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  16.  1
    Robert J. Levine & Louis Lasagna (forthcoming). "Demystifying Central Review Boards: Current Options and Future Directions: A Summary Report of Outcomes From" Central IRB Review of Multi-Site Trials," 27-28 October 1998". [REVIEW] IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  17.  1
    Robert J. Levine (forthcoming). Proposed Regulations for Research Involving Those Institutionalized as Mentally Infirm: A Consideration of Their Relevance in 1996. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  18. Robert J. Levine (1999). Randomized Clinical Trials: Ethical Considerations. Advances in Bioethics 5:113-145.
     
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  19.  1
    Robert J. Levine (1985). Research That Could Yield Marketable Products From Human Materials: The Problem of Informed Consent. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 8 (1):6-7.
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  20.  8
    Robert J. Levine (1997). Some Reflections on Postgraduate Medical Ethics Education. Ethics and Behavior 7 (1):15 – 26.
    Three goals of teaching medical ethics to physicians are reviewed., Components of a basic course in medical ethics are described with special attention to the roles of case conferences, ethics rounds, and role modeling. Obstacles to teaching ethics are also addressed.
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  21.  4
    Bernard M. Dickens, Larry Gostin & Robert J. Levine (1991). Research on Human Populations: National and International Ethical Guidelines. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 19 (3-4):157-161.
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  22.  3
    Robert J. Levine, Judith B. Gordon, Carolyn M. Mazure, Philip E. Rubin, Barry R. Schaller & John L. Young (2011). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Social Contexts Influence Ethical Considerations of Research”. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):W1-W2.
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  23.  1
    Robert J. Levine (1992). Negotiating with George. Ethics and Behavior 2 (1):68 – 71.
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  24.  1
    Robert J. Levine (1988). Uncertainty in Clinical Research. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 16 (3-4):174-182.
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  25. Zbigniew Bańkowski & Robert J. Levine (eds.) (1993). Ethics and Research on Human Subjects: International Guidelines: Proceedings of the Xxvith Cioms Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, 5-7 February 1992. [REVIEW] Cioms.
  26. Y. Champey, Robert J. Levine & P. S. Lietman (1989). Development of New Medicines Ethical Questions : Proceedings of a Conference Sponsored by Foundation Rhône-Poulenc Sauté, Held in Paris, 2 December 1988. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  27. Bernard M. Dickens, Larry Gostin & Robert J. Levine (1991). Research on Human Populations: National and International Ethical Guidelines. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (3-4):157-161.
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  28. Robert J. Levine & Carl Djerassi (1990). A Novelist's View of Scientific Fraud. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (4):422-422.
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  29. Robert J. Levine, Samuel Gorovitz & James Gallagher (eds.) (2000). Biomedical Research Ethics: Updating International Guidelines: A Consultation: Geneva, Switzerland, 15-17 March 2000. Cioms.
     
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  30. Robert J. Levine (forthcoming). Commentary: The IRB and the Virtuous Investigator. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
     
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  31. Robert J. Levine (1995). Research Ethics Committees. Encyclopedia of Bioethics 3:2311-2316.
     
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  32. Robert J. Levine (forthcoming). RE: Proposed Rule, Protection of Human Subjects; Informed Consent, 21 CFR Part 50, Et Al.," Federal Register," September 21, 1995 [Docket No. 95N-0158]. [REVIEW] IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
     
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  33. Robert J. Levine (1989). Such a Bargain! Hastings Center Report 19 (1):45-45.
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  34. Robert J. Levine (forthcoming). Should I Enroll in a Randomized Clinical Trial? Excerpts From a Patient's Guide. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
     
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  35. Robert J. Levine (1980). The Impact of Institutional Review Boards on Clinical Research. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 23 (2-2):S98-S114.
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  36. Robert J. Levine (1988). Uncertainty in Clinical Research. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 16 (3-4):174-182.
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