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Profile: Robert Matthews (Rutgers University - New Brunswick)
  1.  14
    Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner (2016). Measurement and Computational Skepticism. Noûs 50 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In the present paper we show (...)
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  2.  10
    Robert J. Matthews & Eli Dresner (2016). Measurement and Computational Skepticism. Noûs 50 (1).
    Putnam and Searle famously argue against computational theories of mind on the skeptical ground that there is no fact of the matter as to what mathematical function a physical system is computing: both conclude that virtually any physical object computes every computable function, implements every program or automaton. There has been considerable discussion of Putnam's and Searle's arguments, though as yet there is little consensus as to what, if anything, is wrong with these arguments. In the present paper we show (...)
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  3.  65
    Robert J. Matthews (2007). The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and Their Attribution. Oxford University Press.
    A prospective introduction -- The received view -- Troubles with the received view -- Are propositional attitudes relations? -- Foundations of a measurement-theoretic account of the attitudes -- The basic measurement-theoretic account -- Elaboration and explication of the proposed measurement-theoretic account.
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  4.  2
    William Demopoulos & Robert J. Matthews (1983). On the Hypothesis That Grammars Are Mentally Represented. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):405.
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  5.  68
    Frances Egan & Robert J. Matthews (2006). Doing Cognitive Neuroscience: A Third Way. Synthese 153 (3):377-391.
    The “top-down” and “bottom-up” approaches have been thought to exhaust the possibilities for doing cognitive neuroscience. We argue that neither approach is likely to succeed in providing a theory that enables us to understand how cognition is achieved in biological creatures like ourselves. We consider a promising third way of doing cognitive neuroscience, what might be called the “neural dynamic systems” approach, that construes cognitive neuroscience as an autonomous explanatory endeavor, aiming to characterize in its own terms the states and (...)
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  6.  86
    Robert J. Matthews (1994). The Measure of Mind. Mind 103 (410):131-46.
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  7.  73
    Robert J. Matthews (2011). Measurement-Theoretic Accounts of Propositional Attitudes. Philosophy Compass 6 (11):828-841.
    In the late 1970s and early 1980s a number of philosophers, notably Churchland, Field, Stalnaker, Dennett, and Davidson, began to argue that propositional attitude predicates are a species of measure predicate, analogous in important ways to numerical predicates by which we attribute physical magnitudes . Other philosophers, including myself, have subsequently developed the idea in greater detail. In this paper I sketch the general outlines of measurement‐theoretic accounts of propositional attitudes, explaining in the briefest terms the basic idea of such (...)
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  8. Robert J. Matthews (1981). Literary Works and Institutional Practices. British Journal of Aesthetics 21 (1):39-49.
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  9.  41
    Robert J. Matthews (2006). Knowledge of Language and Linguistic Competence. Philosophical Issues 16 (1):200–220.
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  10.  23
    Robert J. Matthews (2006). Could Competent Speakers Really Be Ignorant of Their Language? Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):457-467.
    This paper defends the commonsense conception of linguistic competence according to which linguistic competence involves propositional knowledge of language. More specifically, the paper defends three propositions challenged by Devitt in his Ignorance af Language. First, Chomskian linguists were right to embrace this commonsense conception of linguistic cornpetence. Second, the grammars that these linguists propose make a substantive claim about the computational processes that are presumed to constitute a speaker’s linguistic competence. Third, Chomskian linguistics is indeed a subfield of psychology, in (...)
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  11.  24
    Robert J. Matthews (1994). Three-Concept Monte: Explanation, Implementation, and Systematicity. Synthese 101 (3):347-63.
    Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988), Fodor and McLaughlin (1990) and McLaughlin (1993) challenge connectionists to explain systematicity without simply implementing a classical architecture. In this paper I argue that what makes the challenge difficult for connectionists to meet has less to do with what is to be explained than with what is to count as an explanation. Fodor et al. are prepared to admit as explanatory, accounts of a sort that only classical models can provide. If connectionists are to meet the (...)
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  12.  40
    Robert J. Matthews (2001). Cowie's Anti-Nativism. Mind and Language 16 (2):215-230.
  13. Robert J. Matthews (1991). The Chomskyan Turn. Basil Blackwell.
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  14.  53
    Robert J. Matthews (1997). Can Connectionists Explain Systematicity? Mind and Language 12 (2):154-77.
  15. John Collins, Robert J. Matthews, Barry C. Smith & Brian Epstein (2008). Philosophy of Linguistics. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8 (22).
  16.  6
    Robert J. Matthews (1971). Concerning a 'Linguistic Theory' of Metaphor. Foundations of Language 7 (3):413-425.
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  17.  18
    Robert J. Matthews (1984). The Plausibility of Rationalism. Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492-515.
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  18. Robert J. Matthews (2003). Does Linguistic Competence Require Knowledge of Language? In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of Language. Oxford University Press
     
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  19.  17
    Robert J. Matthews (1979). Are the Grammatical Sentences of a Language a Recursive Set? Synthese 40 (2):209 - 224.
    Many believe that the grammatical sentences of a natural language are a recursive set. In this paper I argue that the commonly adduced grounds for this belief are inconclusive, if not simply unsound. Neither the native speaker's ability to classify sentences nor his ability to comprehend them requires it. Nor is there at present any reason to think that decidability has any bearing on first-language acquisition. I conclude that there are at present no compelling theoretical grounds for requiring that transformational (...)
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  20.  15
    Robert J. Matthews (1977). Describing and Interpreting a Work of Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 36 (1):5-14.
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  21. Robert J. Matthews (1991). Psychological Reality of Grammars. In The Chomskyan Turn. Basil Blackwell 182--200.
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  22. Robert J. Matthews (2006). The Case for Linguistic Nativism. In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing
     
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  23.  5
    Robert J. Matthews (2003). Connectionism and Systematicity. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group
  24.  17
    Robert J. Matthews (1979). Traditional Aesthetics Defended. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 38 (1):39-50.
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  25.  2
    Robert J. Matthews (1978). Two Remarks on the Characterization of IBBs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):239.
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  26.  11
    Robert J. Matthews (1989). The Alleged Evidence for Representationalism. In Stuart Silvers (ed.), Rerepresentation. Kluwer
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  27.  8
    Robert J. Matthews & Laurent Stern (1999). Arthur F. Smullyan 1912-1998. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 72 (5):216 - 217.
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  28.  3
    Robert J. Matthews (1990). Does Cognitive Science Need “Real” Intentionality? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):616-617.
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  29.  5
    Robert J. Matthews (2008). Epistemic Heresies. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):45-55.
    Elaborating on views I have expressed elsewhere, I argue that the common-sense notion of linguistic competence as a kind of knowledge is both required by common-sense explanatory and justificatory practice and furthermore fully compatible with the non-intentional characterization of linguistic competence provided by current linguistic theory, which is itself non-intentional.
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  30.  6
    Robert J. Matthews (1981). Explaining and Explanation. American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):71 - 77.
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  31.  3
    Robert J. Matthews (1984). Troubles with Representationalism. Social Research 51:1065-97.
  32.  1
    Robert J. Matthews (1980). Language Learning Versus Grammar Growth. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):25.
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  33.  7
    Robert J. Matthews (1992). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Mind 101 (403):576-578.
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  34. Robert J. Matthews (1991). Is There Vindication Through Representationalism? In Barry M. Loewer & Georges Rey (eds.), Meaning in Mind: Fodor and His Critics. Blackwell
     
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  35. Robert J. Matthews (1988). Perceptual Individualism: Reply to Burge [1988]. In R. H. Grimm & D. D. Merrill (eds.), Contents of Thought. University of Arizona Press
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  36.  1
    Robert J. Matthews (1983). Book Review:Inquiries and Provocations: Selected Writings, 1929-1974 Herbert Feigl. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 50 (2):339-.
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  37.  2
    Robert J. Matthews (1980). The Act of Interpretation: A Critique of Literary Reason (Review). Philosophy and Literature 4 (1):141-142.
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  38. Robert J. Matthews (1974). "Belief, Language, and Experience" by Rodney Needham. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 4 (1):91.
     
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  39. Robert J. Matthews (1997). Can Connectionists Explain Systematicity? Mind and Language 12 (2):154-177.
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  40. Robert J. Matthews (1974). Interpretation and Understanding: An Essay in Philosophical Metacriticism. Dissertation, Cornell University
     
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  41. Robert J. Matthews (2007). The Measure of Mind: Propositional Attitudes and Their Attribution. OUP Oxford.
    Robert Matthews provides a critique of widely held beliefs, desires, and other 'propositional attitudes', according to which they are representations that play a causal role in the production of thought and behaviour. He develops an alternative measurement-theoretic account of propositional attitudes and the sentences by which we attribute them.
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  42. Robert J. Matthews (1984). The Plausibility of Rationalism. Journal of Philosophy 81 (9):492.
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