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  1. Robert M. Nelson (forthcoming). Nontherapeutic Research, Minimal Risk, and the Kennedy Krieger Lead Abatement Study. Irb.
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  2. Robert M. Nelson (forthcoming). Protocol 126 and" The Hutch". Irb.
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  3. Robert M. Nelson (2011). A Relative Standard for Minimal Risk is Unnecessary and Potentially Harmful to Children: Lessons From the Phambili Trial. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):14 - 16.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 6, Page 14-16, June 2011.
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  4. Robert M. Nelson & Tom L. Beauchamp (2011). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Concept of Voluntary Consent”. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):W1-W3.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page W1-W3, August 2011.
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  5. Robert M. Nelson, Tom Beauchamp, Victoria A. Miller, William Reynolds, Richard F. Ittenbach & Mary Frances Luce (2011). The Concept of Voluntary Consent. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):6-16.
    Our primary focus is on analysis of the concept of voluntariness, with a secondary focus on the implications of our analysis for the concept and the requirements of voluntary informed consent. We propose that two necessary and jointly sufficient conditions must be satisfied for an action to be voluntary: intentionality, and substantial freedom from controlling influences. We reject authenticity as a necessary condition of voluntary action, and we note that constraining situations may or may not undermine voluntariness, depending on the (...)
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  6. Robert M. Nelson, Nancy M. P. King & Ken Kipnis (2010). An Open Letter to Institutional Review Boards Considering Northfield Laboratories' PolyHeme® Trial. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):5-8.
    At the time of this writing, a widely publicized, waived-consent trial is underway. Sponsored by Northfield Laboratories, Inc. (Evanston, IL) the trial is intended to evaluate the emergency use of PolyHeme?, an oxygen-carrying resuscitative fluid that might prevent deaths from uncontrolled bleeding. The protocol allows patients in hemorrhagic shock to be randomized between PolyHeme? and saline in the field and, still without consent, randomized between PolyHeme? and blood after arrival at an emergency department. The Federal regulations that govern the waiver (...)
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  7. Victoria A. Miller, William W. Reynolds & Robert M. Nelson (2008). Parent-Child Roles in Decision Making About Medical Research. Ethics and Behavior 18 (2 & 3):161 – 181.
    Our objective is to understand how parents and children perceive their roles in decision making about research participation. Forty-five children (ages 4-15 years) with or without a chronic condition and 21 parents were the participants. A semistructured interview assessed perceptions of up to 4 hypothetical research scenarios with varying levels of risk, benefit, and complexity. Children were also administered the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Third Edition, to assess verbal ability, as a proxy for the child's cognitive development. The audiotaped interviews (...)
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  8. Robert M. Nelson (2008). Institutional Review Boards Lack the Moral Legitimacy to Reinterpret Subpart D. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):37 – 39.
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  9. Ken Kipnis, Nancy M. P. King & Robert M. Nelson (2006). An Open Letter to Institutional Review Boards Considering Northfield Laboratories' Polyheme® Trial. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):18 – 21.
    At the time of this writing, a widely publicized, waived-consent trial is underway. Sponsored by Northfield Laboratories, Inc. (Evanston, IL) the trial is intended to evaluate the emergency use of PolyHeme®, an oxygen-carrying resuscitative fluid that might prevent deaths from uncontrolled bleeding. The protocol allows patients in hemorrhagic shock to be randomized between PolyHeme® and saline in the field and, still without consent, randomized between PolyHeme® and blood after arrival at an emergency department. The Federal regulations that govern the waiver (...)
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  10. Ken Kipnis, Nancy M. P. King & Robert M. Nelson (2006). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “An Open Letter to Institutional Review Boards Considering Northfield Laboratories' PolyHeme® Trial”: The Emergency Exception and Unproven/Unsatisfactory Treatment. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3).
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  11. Robert M. Nelson & William W. Reynolds (2003). We Should Reject Passive Resignation in Favor of Requiring the Assent of Younger Children for Participation in Nonbeneficial Research. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):11 – 13.
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  12. Wilma C. Rossi, William Reynolds & Robert M. Nelson (2003). Child Assent and Parental Permission in Pediatric Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):131-148.
    Since children are considered incapable ofgiving informed consent to participate inresearch, regulations require that bothparental permission and the assent of thepotential child subject be obtained. Assent andpermission are uniquely bound together, eachserving a different purpose. Parentalpermission protects the child from assumingunreasonable risks. Assent demonstrates respectfor the child and his developing autonomy. Inorder to give meaningful assent, the child mustunderstand that procedures will be performed,voluntarily choose to undergo the procedures,and communicate this choice. Understanding theelements of informed consent has been theparadigm for (...)
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  13. James M. Humber, Paul J. Millea & Robert M. Nelson (1999). Book Reviews: The Flight From Science and Reason, Edited by Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt, and Martin W. Lewis. NY: The New York Academy of Sciences, 1996. 593 Pp. Paperback. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (1):65-71.
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  14. Janet L. Schaffner & Robert M. Nelson (1999). What Are Healthcare Ethics Committees in Wisconsin Doing? HEC Forum 11 (3):247-253.
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  15. Howard Brody, Rita Charon, Tod Chambers, Mary Williams Clark, Dwight Davis, Richard Martinez, Robert M. Nelson & Mark J. Cherry (1996). Index to Volume 21. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21:681-684.
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  16. Dwight Davis, Richard Martinez & Robert M. Nelson (1996). Rita Charon, Howard Brody, Mary Williams Clark. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21:243-265.
     
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  17. Lawrence J. Nelson, Cindy Hylton Ruston, Ronald E. Cranford, Robert M. Nelson, Jacqueline J. Glover & Robert D. Truog (1995). Forgoing Medically Provided Nutrition and Hydration in Pediatric Patients. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (1):33-46.
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  18. Robert M. Nelson & Robyn S. Shapiro (1995). The Role of an Ethics Committee in Resolving Conflict in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (1):27-32.
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  19. Pavel Tichtchenko, Jean C. Edmond, Robert M. Nelson, Ellen L. Blank, Robyn S. Shapiro & Charles Mackay (1994). Ethics Committees at Work. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (04):602-.
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