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  1.  1
    Robert Schwartz (2006). Visual Versions. A Bradford Book.
    These essays by Robert Schwartz on topics in the theory of vision are written from a pragmatic perspective. The issues and arguments will interest both philosophers and psychologists, covering new ground and bridging gaps between these disciplines. Schwartz begins historically, with discussions of problems raised and solutions offered in Bishop Berkeley's writings on vision, presenting Berkeley's views on spatial perception and the qualitative aspects of sensory experience in the context of recent theoretical and empirical work in vision theory. Schwartz then (...)
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  2.  9
    Robert H. Schwartz & Frederick R. Post (2002). The Unexplored Potential of Hope to Level the Playing Field: A Multilevel Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 37 (2):135 - 143.
    A multilevel view of social change is presented in which socially responsible organizations, society, and high-hope individuals interact in support of hopefulness – thereby leveling the playing field. Suggestions are made about future research and the roles of organizations and society in eliciting hope in organizational and societal cultures.
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  3. Robert Schwartz (1995). Is Mathematical Competence Innate? Philosophy of Science 62 (2):227-40.
    Despite a vast philosophical literature on the epistemology of mathematics and much speculation about how, in principle, knowledge of this domain is possible, little attention has been paid to the psychological findings and theories concerning the acquisition, comprehension and use of mathematical knowledge. This contrasts sharply with recent philosophical work on language where comparable issues and problems arise. One topic that is the center of debate in the study of mathematical cognition is the question of innateness. This paper critically examines (...)
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  4. Robert Schwartz (1994). Vision: Variations on Some Berkeleian Themes. Cambridge: Blackwell.
    This book examines longstanding problems in the theory of vision. Each section begins by looking at the issues as they were raised and discussed by Berkeley. This work is unique in its blend of philosophical and historical perspectives on contemporary problems of readership.
     
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  5.  14
    Robert H. Schwartz, Sami Kassem & Dean Ludwig (1991). The Role of Business Schools in Managing the Incongruence Between Doing What is Right and Doing What It Takes to Get Ahead. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (6):465 - 469.
    This paper accepts as given that business students want to get ahead. It criticizes business schools for their failure to reduce the incongruence between doing what is right and doing what it takes to get ahead. Because of this failure business school graduates carry negative ideas, attitudes and behaviors vis-à-vis social responsibility from business schools into the business world. Recommendations are made for increasing the social responsibility of business schools.
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  6.  13
    Robert Schwartz (1968). Studies in Cognitive Growth. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 65 (6):172-179.
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  7.  27
    Heiko Hecht, Robert Schwartz & Margaret Atherton (eds.) (2003). Looking Into Pictures. The MIT Press.
    Interdisciplinary explorations of the implications of recent developments in vision theory for our understanding of the nature of pictorial representation and ...
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  8.  28
    Robert Schwartz (2005). A Note on Goodman's Problem. Journal of Philosophy 102 (7):375 - 379.
  9.  62
    Robert L. Schwartz (1992). Autonomy, Futility, and the Limits of Medicine. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (2):159.
    Most of us find the surgeon's surprise at this patient' request understandable, and it is hard to imagine any surgeon acceding to this patient's demand. On the other hand, the patient is right—the surgeon is denying his technical skill because his values are different from those of the patient, whose values the surgeon does not respect. The autonomy of the patient is being limited by the values of the doctor whose own interests, other than his interest in practicing medicine according (...)
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  10.  82
    Robert Schwartz (2004). To Austin or Not to Austin, That's the Disjunction. Philosophical Studies 120 (1-3):255-263.
  11.  11
    Robert Schwartz (2004). Goodman and the Demise of Syntactic and Semantic Models. In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier 10--391.
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  12.  8
    Robert Schwartz (1975). Educational Judgements. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 72 (4):106-109.
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  13.  11
    Robert Schwartz (1986). I'm Going to Make You a Star. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 11 (1):427-439.
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  14.  7
    Robert Schwartz (1983). Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature by Richard Rorty. Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):51-67.
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  15.  30
    Robert Schwartz (1985). The Power of Pictures. Journal of Philosophy 82 (12):711-720.
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  16.  13
    Robert Schwartz (1980). Imagery: There is More to It Than Meets the Eye. Philosophy of Science Association 1980:285 - 301.
    This paper looks at the role of imagery in cognition from the standpoint of treating images as forms of symbolization. It begins by making some basic distinctions about different kinds of symbolic functioning. It then proceeds to examine issues concerning: the variety of types of symbol systems used in cognition, the analog-digital distinction, image picture-percept relations, and propositionality.
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  17.  13
    Robert John Schwartz (1990). Approximate Truth, Idealization, and Ontology. Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (3):409-425.
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  18.  14
    Robert Schwartz (1996). Directed Perception. Philosophical Psychology 9 (1):81-91.
    Recently it has been argued that a model of directed perception provides an alternative to both indirect and direct accounts of the nature of vision. An examination of this proposal serves as a basis for challenging the meaningfulness and empirical import of the theoretical and ontological differences said to separate these models. Although focusing on James Cutting's work, the analysis is meant to speak more generally to the supposed significance of the distinctions among indirect, direct, and directed theories of perception.
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  19.  3
    Robert Schwartz (1980). How Rich a Theory of Mind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):616.
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  20.  18
    James Hullett & Robert Schwartz (1967). Grue: Some Remarks. Journal of Philosophy 64 (9):259-271.
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  21.  1
    Robert Schwartz & Andrew Grubb (1985). Why Britain Can't Afford Informed Consent. Hastings Center Report 15 (4):19-25.
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  22. Robert Schwartz (1974). Representation and Resemblance. Philosophical Forum 5 (4):499.
     
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  23.  2
    Robert Schwartz (1981). Acupuncture and Expertise: A Challenge to Physician Control. Hastings Center Report 11 (2):5-7.
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  24.  31
    Robert Schwartz, Israel Scheffler & Nelson Goodman (1970). An Improvement in the Theory of Projectibility. Journal of Philosophy 67 (18):605-608.
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  25.  28
    Robert Schwartz (1993). On 'What is Said to Be'. Synthese 94 (1):43 - 54.
    This paper reexamines an early article by Noam Chomsky and Israel Scheffler concerning the proper formulation and status of Quine's criterion for ontological commitment. ( What is Said to Be,' "Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society", 69, 1958-59; reprinted in Scheffler, "Inquiries".) Somewhat different formulations of the criterion are proposed and their implications explored. It is also argued that Chomsky and Scheffler's views may be seen to foreshadow and lead to some of Quine's later more radical doctrines regarding ontological commitment.
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  26.  17
    Robert Schwartz (1971). Confirmation and Conflict. Journal of Philosophy 68 (16):483-487.
  27.  14
    Robert John Schwartz (1981). Approximate Truth and Confirmation. Philosophy of Science 48 (4):606-610.
    In this paper I show that Goodman's theory of projectibility, although partly successful, is inadequate since it fails to take into consideration the "approximate" nature of certain scientific hypotheses.
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  28.  26
    Robert Schwartz (2001). Vision and Cognition in Picture Perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):707-719.
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  29.  26
    Robert Schwartz (1999). Nelson Goodman. Erkenntnis 50 (1):3-6.
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  30.  9
    Robert John Schwartz (1978). Idealizations and Approximations in Physics. Philosophy of Science 45 (4):595-603.
  31.  2
    Robert Schwartz (1978). Some Limits and Problems of Cognitivism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):248.
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  32.  11
    Robert L. Schwartz, David Johnson & Nan Burke (1994). Multiculturalism, Medicine, and the Limits of Autonomy: The Practice of Female Circumcision. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (3):431.
    Television pictures of starvation and depredation are not the only way that famine and political instability in the horn of Africa have affected the United States. Many people from that region of the world are seeking political or economic refuge here, and they are exposing us to a culture that is in some ways — most notably, in the practice of female circumcision – so radically different from the prevailing American cultures that we have been stunned. They are also forcing (...)
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  33.  4
    Robert Schwartz (1996). Symbols and Thought. Synthese 106 (3):399 - 407.
    No one need deny the importance of language to thought and cognition. At the same time, there is a tendency in studies of mind and mental functioning to assume that properties and principles of linguistic, or language-like, forms of representation must hold of forms of thought and representation in general. Consideration of a wider range of symbol systems shows that this is not so. In turn, various claims and arguments in cognitive theory that depend on assumptions applicable only to linguistic (...)
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  34.  4
    Don Chalmers & Robert Schwartz (1993). Malpractice Liability for the Failure to Adequately Educate Patients: The Australian Law of “Informed Consent” and Its Implications for American Ethics Committees. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (3):371.
    At first glance, the first informed consent case to be decided by the High Court of Australia appears to be little more than a clear and simple description of the substantive law accepted in most American jurisdictions - although that is no small accomplishment in and of itself. In Rogers v. Whitaker, the highest court in Australia succinctly and persuasively rejected informed consent as a species of battery law, accepted it as a form, of ordinary professional negligence law, and adopted (...)
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  35.  12
    Asher Friedberg, Robert Schwartz & Shuki Amrani (2004). Oversight Ethics: The Case of Business Licensing. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 53 (4):371-381.
    The ethics research community has all but ignored issues of oversight ethics – the vices and virtues of overseers. This study develops a conceptual framework for exploring the ethics of oversight and provides insights into the design of codes of ethics for oversight institutions and for overseers. Analysis of business licensing in Israel reveals prospective and retrospective oversight ethics problems at the levels of national and local policy and implementation: Overseers failed to act on knowledge of breaches of business licensing (...)
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  36.  12
    Robert Schwartz (2001). Evolutionary Internalized Regularities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):626-628.
    Roger Shepard's proposals and supporting experiments concerning evolutionary internalized regularities have been very influential in the study of vision and in other areas of psychology and cognitive science. This paper examines issues concerning the need, nature, explanatory role, and justification for postulating such internalized constraints. In particular, I seek further clarification from Shepard on how best to understand his claim that principles of kinematic geometry underlie phenomena of motion perception. My primary focus is on the ecological validity of Shepard's kinematic (...)
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  37.  12
    Robert Schwartz (1972). Paradox and Projection. Philosophy of Science 39 (2):245-248.
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  38. Robert M. Schwartz & Michael S. Humphreys (1974). Recognition and Recall as a Function of Instructional Manipulations of Organization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):517.
  39.  3
    Robert Schwartz (2001). Regularities in Motion: Apparent, Real and Internalized. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):757-762.
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  40.  11
    Robert Schwartz (1993). Works, Works Better. Erkenntnis 38 (1):103 - 114.
    A theory of Goodman and Elgin concerning the individuation of literary works is examined and criticized. An alternative account is offered to meet various of the difficulties in their proposal. In addition, it is suggested that there may not be asingle account of the notion of a literary work that can best do all the jobs we expect of it.
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  41.  6
    Robert L. Schwartz (1995). The Caduceus in Court: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide in The Netherlands. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (1):111.
    As ethics committees become involved in discussing the propriety of euthanasia and assisted suicide, and as healthcare providers begin to seriously consider whether they might ever have a role in hastening the dying process, many have looked to The Netherlands as the only real example of a nation that permits euthanasia in limited circumstances. Unfortunately, partisans in the Dutch debate have often written about the Dutch experience as advocates rather than as neutral observers. Some have argued that euthanasia, which, they (...)
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  42.  3
    Robert Schwartz (2002). Two Paradigms of Picture Perception. In Dieter Heyer & Rainer Mausfeld (eds.), Perception and the Physical World. Wiley 255--270.
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  43.  7
    Catherine Z. Elgin, Israel Scheffler & Robert Schwartz (1999). Nelson Goodman 1906-1998. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 72 (5):206 - 208.
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  44.  8
    Robert Schwartz (2006). When Doing the Right Thing Means Breaking the Law ? What is the Role of the Health Lawyer? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (3):625-628.
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  45.  1
    Robert M. Schwartz & Michael S. Humphreys (1973). Similarity Judgments and Free Recall of Unrelated Words. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):10.
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  46.  4
    Robert Schwartz (1992). Science and Relativism. Teaching Philosophy 15 (3):272-274.
  47.  2
    Robert Schwartz (1984). "The" Problems Of Representation. Social Research 51.
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  48.  5
    Robert Schwartz (1999). In Memoriam: Nelson Goodman (August 7 1906-November 25 1998). Erkenntnis 50 (1):7 - 10.
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  49.  2
    Michael S. Humphreys, William M. Petrusic & Robert M. Schwartz (1972). Free Recall Following a Switch in Encoding Class. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):455.
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  50.  4
    Robert L. Schwartz & Thomasine Kushner (1996). The Role of Institutional and Community Based Ethics Committees in the Debate on Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (1):121.
    In many countries the debate over the role that physicians may play in ending life has been limited to the judiciary and other law making institutions, professional medical organizations; and academics. Because of their multidisciplinary and diverse membership, ethics committees may be a particularly appropriate venue through which these discussions can be expanded to include a much larger community. In addition, ethics committees generally act in only advisory capacities because they do not actually make decisions, so they may provide a (...)
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