138 found
Order:
  1.  22
    Robert Stainton (2006). Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language. Published in the United States by Oxford University Press.
    It is a near truism of philosophy of language that sentences are prior to words--that they are the only things that fundamentally have meaning. Robert's Stainton's study interrogates this idea, drawing on a wide body of evidence to argue that speakers can and do use mere words, not sentences, to communicate complex thoughts.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  2.  49
    Maite Ezcurdia & Robert J. Stainton (eds.) (2013). The Semantics-Pragmatics Boundary in Philosophy. Broadview Press.
    The boundary between semantics and pragmatics has been important since the early twentieth century, but in the last twenty-five years it has become the central issue in the philosophy of language. This anthology collects classic philosophical papers on the topic, along with recent key contributions. It stresses not only the nature of the boundary, but also its importance for philosophy generally.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  3. Robert Stainton (2010). Contextualism in Epistemology and the Context-Sensitivity of 'Knows'. In Campbell, O'Rourke & Silverstein (eds.), Knowledge and Skepticism.
    The central issue of this essay is whether contextualism in epistemology is genuinely in conflict with recent claims that ‘know’ is not in fact a contextsensitive word. To address this question, I will first rehearse three key aims of contextualists and the broad strategy they adopt for achieving them. I then introduce two linguistic arguments to the effect that the lexical item ‘know’ is not context sensitive, one from Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore, one from Jason Stanley. I find these (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  4.  73
    Jessica de Villiers, Robert J. Stainton & And Peter Szatmari (2007). Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):292–317.
    This article has two aims. The first is to introduce some novel data that highlight rather surprising pragmatic abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second is to consider a possible implication of these data for an emerging empirical methodology in philosophy of language and mind. In pursuing the first aim, we expect our main audience to be clinicians and linguists interested in pragmatics. It is when we turn to methodological issues that we hope to pique the interest of philosophers. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  5.  58
    Robert J. Stainton (2011). In Defense of Public Languages. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (5):479-488.
    My modest aim in this note is to sketch three interrelated critiques of public languages, and to respond to them. All are broadly Chomskyan, and all support the same conclusion: that, insofar as they even exist, the study of public languages is not a viable scientific project. (Related critiques of semantics, understood as involving word–world relations, will be touched on as well).
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6.  26
    Robert J. Stainton (2006). Meaning and Reference: Some Chomskian Themes. In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press 913--940.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  7.  49
    Robert Stainton (2007). Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorder : A Case Study in Philosophy and the Empirical. In Peter A. French & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Philosophy and the Empirical. Blackwell Pub. Inc. 292-317.
    This article has two aims. The first is to introduce some novel data that highlight rather surprising pragmatic abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The second is to consider a possible implication of these data for an emerging empirical methodology in philosophy of language and mind.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  8.  22
    Robert J. Stainton (1995). Non-Sentential Assertions and Semantic Ellipsis. Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (3):281 - 296.
    The restricted semantic ellipsis hypothesis, we have argued, is committed to an enormous number of multiply ambiguous expressions, the introduction of which gains us no extra explanatory power. We should, therefore, reject it. We should also spurn the original version since: (a) it entails the restricted version and (b) it incorrectly declares that, whenever a speaker makes an assertion by uttering an unembedded word or phrase, the expression uttered has illocutionary force.Once rejected, the semantic ellipsis hypothesis cannot account for the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  9.  16
    Robert J. Stainton (1998). Quantifier Phrases, Meaningfulness “in Isolation”, and Ellipsis. Linguistics and Philosophy 21 (3):311 - 340.
  10.  46
    Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton (2001). Logical Form Andthe Vernacular. Mind and Language 16 (4):393–424.
    Vernacularism is the view that logical forms are fundamentally assigned to natural language expressions, and are only derivatively assigned to anything else, e.g., propositions, mental representations, expressions of symbolic logic, etc. In this paper, we argue that Vernacularism is not as plausible as it first appears because of non-sentential speech. More specifically, there are argument-premises, meant by speakers of non-sentences, for which no natural language paraphrase is readily available in the language used by the speaker and the hearer. The speaker (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  11. Jessica de Villiers & Robert J. Stainton, Differential Pragmatic Abilities and Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Case of Pragmatic Determinants of Literal Content.
    It has become something of a truism that people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have difficulties with pragmatics. Granting this, however, it is important to keep in mind that there are numerous kinds of pragmatic ability. One very important divide lies between those pragmatic competences which pertain to non-literal contents – as in, for instance, metaphor, irony and Gricean conversational implicatures – and those which pertain to the literal contents of speech acts. It is against this backdrop that our question (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  12.  47
    Robert J. Stainton & Christopher D. Viger (2000). Review of Jerry A. Fodor's Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong. [REVIEW] Synthese 123 (1):131-151.
  13.  2
    Robert J. Stainton (2016). Full‐On Stating. Mind and Language 31 (4):395-413.
    What distinguishes full-on stating a proposition from merely communicating it? For instance, what distinguishes claiming/asserting/saying that one has never smoked crack cocaine from merely implying/conveying/hinting this? The enormous literature on ‘assertion’ provides many approaches to distinguishing stating from, say, asking and commanding: only the former aims at truth; only the former expresses one's belief; etc. But this leaves my question unanswered, since in merely communicating a proposition one also aims at truth, expresses a belief, etc. My aim is not to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  32
    Robert J. Stainton (2000). The Meaning of 'Sentences'. Noûs 34 (3):441–454.
    It seems to me that the argument has a certain initial plausibility, especially when ‘sentence’, ‘used in isolation’ and ‘meaning in isolation’ are explicated in a certain way. ~For instance, one must take sentences to include elliptical sentences; and one must take ‘use in isolation’ to entail use in the performance of a genuine speech act.! It also seems to me that the argument is important. For one thing, the Conclusion can be recruited in reasoning to the effect that, because..
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  15.  16
    Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton (2003). Grasping Objects and Contents. In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of Language. Oxford University Press
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  16.  9
    Robert J. Stainton (2015). A Deranged Argument Against Public Languages. Inquiry 59 (1):6-32.
    Are there really such things as public languages? Are things like English and Urdu mere myths? I urge that, despite an intriguing line of thought which may be extracted from Davidson’s ‘A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs’, philosophers are right to countenance such things in their final ontology. The argument rebutted, which I concede may not have been one which Davidson himself ultimately embraced, is that knowledge of a public language is neither necessary nor sufficient for successful conversational interaction, so that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  55
    Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton (2001). Logical Form Andthe Vernacular. Mind and Language 16 (4):393-424.
  18. Robert J. Stainton (ed.) (2006). Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.
  19.  32
    Robert J. Stainton (1994). Using Non-Sentences: An Application of Relevance Theory. Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (2):269-284.
    Michael Dummett has nicely expressed a rather widespread doctrine about the primacy of sentences. He writes: "you cannot DO anything with a word — cannot effect any conventional act by uttering it — save by uttering some sentence containing that word ...". In this paper we argue that this doctrine is mistaken: it is not only sentences, but also ordinary words and phrases which can be used in isolation. The argument involves two steps. First: we show — using Sperber and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  20.  28
    Robert J. Stainton (1996). What Assertion is Not. Philosophical Studies 85 (1):57-73.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  21.  16
    Thomas M. Lennon & Robert J. Stainton, The Achilles of Rationalist Psychology.
    No categories
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  22.  41
    Axel Arturo Barceló Aspeitia, Ángeles Eraña & Robert Stainton (2010). The Contribution of Domain Specificity in the Highly Modular Mind. Minds and Machines 20 (1):19-27.
    Is there a notion of domain specificity which affords genuine insight in the context of the highly modular mind, i.e. a mind which has not only input modules, but also central ‘conceptual’ modules? Our answer to this question is no. The main argument is simple enough: we lay out some constraints that a theoretically useful notion of domain specificity, in the context of the highly modular mind, would need to meet. We then survey a host of accounts of what domain (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23.  40
    Robert Stainton (2005). In Defense of Non-Sentential Assertions. In Zoltán Gendler Szabó (ed.), Semantics Versus Pragmatics. Oxford University Press 383--458.
    In what follows, I introduce a pragmatics-oriented approach to non-sentential speech, and defend it against two recent attacks. Among other things, I will rehearse and elaborate a defense against the idea that much, or even all, of such speech is actually syntactically elliptical—and hence should be treated semantically, rather than pragmatically. The chapter is structured as follows. In Section 1 I introduce the phenomenon, contrast semantic versus pragmatic approaches to it, and explain some of what hinges on which approach is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  24.  37
    Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton (2004). Shorthand, Syntactic Ellipsis, and the Pragmatic Determinants of What Is Said. Mind and Language 19 (4):442-471.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  25.  15
    Robert J. Stainton (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Language: A Concise Anthology. Broadview Press.
    Philosophical theorizing about language now involves an increasing emphasis on empirical work and a renewed convergence with philosophy of mind, formal semantics and logic. This new text reflects this evolution. -/- Philosophical Perspectives on Language is distinguished in several important respects from other introductions to the topic. Rather than looking at philosophy of language as a collection of (at best) loosely related topics—speech acts, demonstratives, sense and reference, truth and meaning, etc.—this book is organized around a unifying theme: language as (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  26. Robert Stainton, Provided for Non-Commercial Research and Educational Use Only. Not for Reproduction or Distribution or Commercial Use.
    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics, Second Edition, published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the author's benefit and for the benefit of the author's institution, for noncommercial research and educational use including without limitation use in instruction at your institution, sending it to specific colleagues who you know, and providing a copy to your institution’s administrator.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  24
    Axel Barceló Aspeitia, Ángeles Eraña & Robert Stainton (2010). The Contribution of Domain Specificity in the Highly Modular Mind. Minds and Machines 20 (1):19-27.
    Is there a notion of domain specificity which affords genuine insight in the context of the highly modular mind, i.e. a mind which has not only input modules, but also central ‘conceptual’ modules? Our answer to this question is no. The main argument is simple enough: we lay out some constraints that a theoretically useful notion of domain specificity, in the context of the highly modular mind, would need to meet. We then survey a host of accounts of what domain (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  58
    Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton (2004). Shorthand, Syntactic Ellipsis, and the Pragmatic Determinants of What is Said. Mind and Language 19 (4):442–471.
    Our first aim in this paper is to respond to four novel objections in Jason Stanley's 'Context and Logical Form'. Taken together, those objections attempt to debunk our prior claims that one can perform a genuine speech act by using a subsentential expression—where by 'subsentential expression' we mean an ordinary word or phrase, not embedded in any larger syntactic structure. Our second aim is to make it plausible that, pace Stanley, there really are pragmatic determinants of the literal truthconditional content (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29.  37
    Robert J. Stainton (1997). Utterance Meaning and Syntactic Ellipsis. Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (1):51-78.
    Speakers often use ordinary words and phrases, unembedded in any sentence, to perform speech acts—or so it appears. In some cases appearances are deceptive: The seemingly lexical/phrasal utterance may really be an utterance of a syntactically eplliptical sentence. I argue however that, at least sometimes, plain old words and phrases are used on their own. The use of both words/phrases and elliptical sentences leads to two consequences: 1. Context must contribute more to utterance meaning than is often supposed. Here's why: (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  30.  15
    C. Iten, Robert J. Stainton & C. Wearing, On Restricting the Evidence Base for Linguistics.
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  31.  14
    Andrew Brook & Robert J. Stainton (2000). Knowledge and Mind: A Philosophical Introduction. A Bradford Book.
    This is the only contemporary text to cover both epistemology and philosophy of mind at an introductory level. It also serves as a general introduction to philosophy: it discusses the nature and methods of philosophy as well as basic logical tools of the trade. The book is divided into three parts. The first focuses on knowledge, in particular, skepticism and knowledge of the external world, and knowledge of language. The second focuses on mind, including the metaphysics of mind and freedom (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  32.  61
    Andrew Brook & Robert J. Stainton (1997). Fodor's New Theory of Content and Computation. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):459-74.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33. Marie-Odile Junker & Robert Stainton, The Semantics and Syntax of Null Complements.
    Consider sentences like (1): 1. Null Complement Containing Sentences a. Aryn followed b. Marie-Odile promised c. Corinne left d. Samir found out at midnight e. I applied f. They already know g. He volunteered h. Abdiwahid insisted i. I suppose j. Paul gave to Amnesty International These illustrate the phenomenon of null complements -- also called ‘pragmatically controlled zero anaphora’, ‘understood arguments’, and ‘linguistically unrealized arguments’. In each case, a complement is (phonologically) omitted, yet (a) the sentence is well-formed and (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  7
    Corinne Iten, Marie-Odile Junker, Aryn Pyke, Robert Stainton & Catherine Wearing, Null Complements: Licensed by Syntax or by Semantics-Pragmatics?
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35.  28
    Andrew Botterell & Robert J. Stainton (2005). Quotation: Compositionality and Innocence Without Demonstration. Critica 37 (110):3-33.
    We discuss two kinds of quotation, namely indirect quotation (e.g., 'Anita said that Mexico is beautiful') and pure quotation (e.g., 'Mexico' has six letters). With respect to each, we have both a negative and a positive plaint. The negative plaint is that the strict Davidsonian (1968, 1979a) treatment of indirect and pure quotation cannot be correct. The positive plaint is an alternative account of how quotation of these two sorts works.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  11
    Reinaldo Elugardo & Robert J. Stainton, Ellipsis and Nonsentential Speech.
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  37.  42
    Robert Stainton (2010). On 'the Denial of Bivalence is Absurd'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):369-382.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  35
    Lenny Clapp & Robert J. Stainton (2002). `Obviously Propositions Are Nothing': Russell and the Logical Form of Belief Reports. In Georg Peter & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Logical Form and Language. Oxford University Press 409--420.
  39.  9
    Robert J. Stainton (2003). Speaker Meaning and Davidson on Metaphor: A Reply to McGuire. Dialogue 42 (2):345.
  40.  38
    Robert Stainton, Philosophy of Language.
    Philosophy of language is an extraordinarily rich field. It has a history stretching back, in the Western tradition, to the pre-Socratics. And, in the last century or so, it has been of central concern in both the Anglo-American and Continental traditions. Obviously, a brief survey cannot hope to cover such intellectual abundance. What’s more, as this encyclopedia itself attests to, pragmatics is an equally rich academic endeavour. Any mere overview of their intersection must, then, narrow its focus. As a result, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  9
    David Matheson & Robert J. Stainton (2002). Varieties of Empiricism. In Yves Bouchard (ed.), Perspectives on Coherentism. Editions du Scribe 99--113.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42. Robert J. Stainton, The Role of Psychology in the Philosophy of Language.
    Does scientific psychology have a legitimate role to play in the philosophy of language? For example, is it methodologically permissible for philosophers of language to rely upon evidence from neurological development, experiments about processing, brain scans, clinical case histories, longitudinal studies, questionnaires, etc.? If so, why? These two questions are the focus of this survey. I address them in two stages. It may seem obvious that the science of psychology is relevant. I thus begin by introducing arguments against relevance, to (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  39
    Robert Stainton, Neither Fragments nor Ellipsis.
    Jason Merchant (2004, and Chap. 3, this volume) proposes to account for all speech acts performed with “fragments,” whether in discourse-initial position or otherwise, by appealing to syntactic ellipsis. Though his proposal is insightful, I offer empirical and methodological considerations against it. Empirical problems include: (a) His alleged “elliptical sentences” do not embed the way they should; (b) in some cases where Merchant requires fronting to take place, it is blocked – either by an island (e.g., in English) or because (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  28
    Robert J. Stainton & Christopher Viger, Essays in Honour of Ernie Lepore.
    I met Ernie in 1965 on the wrestling mats of our high school in North Bergen, New Jersey, a township on top of the plateau overlooking Hoboken and across the Hudson River from Manhattan. Hoboken then was still the Hoboken of Elia Kazan’s “On the Waterfront” (1954).1 Even though the Hudson was less than a mile across at that point, it was a wide spiritual divide. We were Jersey boys, not New Yorkers. Ernie was as ambitious as I was about (...)
    No categories
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  29
    Robert J. Stainton (2006). Revenge (La Venganza). Critica 38 (112):3 - 20.
    This paper discusses, in a preliminary manner, what revenge is. (It does not address the rationality or moral standing of revenge.) In particular, it proposes four elements of revenge --an agent, a recipient, a harm intended by the former, and a harm done by the latter which provokes the revenge. Based on these four elements, it highlights both agent-internal conditions for getting revenge, and agent-external ones. Along the way, the paper contrasts revenge with related phenomena like merely getting even, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  7
    Jessica de Villiers, Brooke Myers & Robert J. Stainton (2013). Revisiting Pragmatic Abilities in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow-Up Study with Controls. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):253-269.
    In a 2007 paper, we argued that speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders exhibit pragmatic abilities which are surprising given the usual understanding of communication in that group. That is, it is commonly reported that people diagnosed with an ASD have trouble with metaphor, irony, conversational implicature and other non-literal language. This is not a matter of trouble with knowledge and application of rules of grammar. The difficulties lie, rather, in successful communicative interaction. Though we did find pragmatic errors within literal (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Robert J. Stainton (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Language. Broadview Press.
    Philosophical theorizing about language now involves an increasing emphasis on empirical work and a renewed convergence with philosophy of mind, formal semantics and logic. This new text reflects this evolution. _Philosophical Perspectives on Language_ is distinguished in several important respects from other introductions to the topic. Rather than looking at philosophy of language as a collection of loosely related topics—speech acts, demonstratives, sense and reference, truth and meaning, etc.—this book is organized around a unifying theme: language as a system of (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48. Robert J. Stainton (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Language. Broadview Press.
    Philosophical theorizing about language now involves an increasing emphasis on empirical work and a renewed convergence with philosophy of mind, formal semantics and logic. This new text reflects this evolution. _Philosophical Perspectives on Language_ is distinguished in several important respects from other introductions to the topic. Rather than looking at philosophy of language as a collection of loosely related topics—speech acts, demonstratives, sense and reference, truth and meaning, etc.—this book is organized around a unifying theme: language as a system of (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49.  34
    Robert J. Stainton (2009). Perry, Wittgenstein's Builders, and Metasemantics. Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (2):203-221.
    The paper discusses in detail John Perry's important article “Davidson's Sentences and Wittgenstein's Builders“. Perry argues, on the basis of Wittgenstein's famous block/slab language, that words make direct metasemantic contact with the world. The present paper urges that, while Perry's conclusions are correct and important, the arguments provided for them, in his 1994 article, ignore essential features of genuine words in natural language. A more empirically-oriented alternative tactic for supporting the same philosophical conclusions is then provided, and its advantages and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  1
    Andrew Brook & Robert J. Stainton (1997). Fodor's New Theory of Content and Computation. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):459-474.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 138