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Robert R. Williams [40]Robert Williams [33]Robert C. Williams [9]Robert L. Williams [6]
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Profile: Robert Williams (University of Leeds)
  1. Robert Williams (2010). Fundamental and Derivative Truths. Mind 119 (473):103-141.
    This article investigates the claim that some truths are fundamentally or really true — and that other truths are not. Such a distinction can help us reconcile radically minimal metaphysical views with the verities of common sense. I develop an understanding of the distinction whereby Fundamentality is not itself a metaphysical distinction, but rather a device that must be presupposed to express metaphysical distinctions. Drawing on recent work by Rayo on anti-Quinean theories of ontological commitments, I formulate a rigourous theory (...)
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  2.  16
    Robert J. Williams (2003). Women on Corporate Boards of Directors and Their Influence on Corporate Philanthropy. Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):1 - 10.
    This study examined the relationship between the proportion of women serving on firms' boards of directors and the extent to which these same firms engaged in charitable giving activities. Using a sample of 185 Fortune 500 firms for the 1991-1994 time period, the results provide strong support for the notion that firms having a higher proportion of women serving on their boards do engage in charitable giving to a greater extent than firms having a lower proportion of women serving on (...)
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  3.  48
    Robert J. Williams & J. Douglas Barrett (2000). Corporate Philanthropy, Criminal Activity, and Firm Reputation: Is There a Link? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 26 (4):341 - 350.
    This study examined the influence of corporate giving programs on the link between certain categories of corporate crime and corporate reputation. Specifically, firms that violate EPA and OSHA regulations should, to some extent, experience a decline in their reputations, while firms that contribute to charitable causes should see their reputations enhanced. The results of this study support both of these contentions. Further, the results suggest that corporate giving significantly moderates the link between the number of EPA and OSHA violations committed (...)
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  4. Lee Walters & Robert Williams (2013). An Argument for Conjunction Conditionalization. Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):573-588.
    Are counterfactuals with true antecedents and consequents automatically true? That is, is Conjunction Conditionalization: if (X & Y), then (X > Y) valid? Stalnaker and Lewis think so, but many others disagree. We note here that the extant arguments for Conjunction Conditionalization are unpersuasive, before presenting a family of more compelling arguments. These arguments rely on some standard theorems of the logic of counterfactuals as well as a plausible and popular semantic claim about certain semifactuals. Denying Conjunction Conditionalization, then, requires (...)
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  5.  85
    Robert Williams (2008). Multiple Actualities and Ontically Vague Identity. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):134-154.
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  6.  79
    Robert Williams (2008). Chances, Counterfactuals, and Similarity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (2):385-420.
    John Hawthorne in a recent paper takes issue with Lewisian accounts of counterfactuals, when relevant laws of nature are chancy. I respond to his arguments on behalf of the Lewisian, and conclude that while some can be rebutted, the case against the original Lewisian account is strong.I develop a neo-Lewisian account of what makes for closeness of worlds. I argue that my revised version avoids Hawthorne’s challenges. I argue that this is closer to the spirit of Lewis’s first (non-chancy) proposal (...)
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  7.  56
    Robert Williams (2006). An Argument for the Many. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):411-419.
    If one believes that vagueness is an exclusively representational phenomenon, one faces the problem of the many. In the vicinity of Kilimanjaro, there are many many ‘mountain candidates’ all, apparently, with more-or-less equal claim to be mountains. David Lewis has defended a radical claim: that all the billions of mountain candidates are mountains. This paper argues that the supervaluationist about vagueness should adopt Lewis’ proposal, on pain of losing their best explanation of the seductiveness of the sorites.
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  8. Robert R. Williams (1997). Hegel's Ethics of Recognition. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    In this significant contribution to Hegel scholarship, Robert Williams develops the most comprehensive account to date of Hegel's concept of recognition. Fichte introduced the concept of recognition as a presupposition of both Rousseau's social contract and Kant's ethics. Williams shows that Hegel appropriated the concept of recognition as the general pattern of his concept of ethical life, breaking with natural law theory yet incorporating the Aristotelian view that rights and virtues are possible only within a certain kind of community. He (...)
     
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  9.  2
    Robert R. Williams (1992). Recognition: Fichte and Hegel on the Other. State University of New York Press.
    Investigates the concept of recognition (anerkennen) under which term the German idealists discussed the Other, intersubjectivity, the interhuman.
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  10.  45
    Owen Flanagan & Robert Anthony Williams (2010). What Does the Modularity of Morals Have to Do With Ethics? Four Moral Sprouts Plus or Minus a Few. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):430-453.
    Flanagan (1991) was the first contemporary philosopher to suggest that a modularity of morals hypothesis (MMH) was worth consideration by cognitive science. There is now a serious empirically informed proposal that moral competence is best explained in terms of moral modules-evolutionarily ancient, fast-acting, automatic reactions to particular sociomoral experiences (Haidt & Joseph, 2007). MMH fleshes out an idea nascent in Aristotle, Mencius, and Darwin. We discuss the evidence for MMH, specifically an ancient version, “Mencian Moral Modularity,” which claims four innate (...)
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  11.  32
    Robert W. Armstrong, Robert J. Williams & J. Douglas Barrett (2004). The Impact of Banality, Risky Shift and Escalating Commitment on Ethical Decision Making. Journal of Business Ethics 53 (4):365-370.
    This paper posits that organizational variables are the factors that lead to the moral decline of companies like Enron and Worldcom. The individuals involved created environments within the organizations that precipitated a spiral of unethical decision-making. It is proposed that at the executive level, it is the organizational factors associated with power and decision-making that have the critical influence on moral and ethical behavior. The study has used variables that were deemed to be surrogate measures of the ethical violations (OSHA (...)
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  12.  20
    Robert Williams (forthcoming). Overcoming the Kantian Frame in Advance. The Owl of Minerva.
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  13.  8
    James Wetzel, Leonard F. Wheat, Robert L. Wicks, Robert R. Williams & David Wolfsdorf (2013). Editions and Translations. Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):503-505.
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  14.  6
    Robert R. Williams (1989). The Absolute, Community, and Time. Idealistic Studies 19 (2):141-153.
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  15. Robert Williams, Aristotelian Indeterminacy and the Open Future.
    I explore the thesis that the future is open, in the sense that future contingents are neither true nor false. The paper is divided into three sections. In the first, I survey how the thesis arises on a variety of contemporary views on the metaphysics of time. In the second, I explore the consequences for rational belief of the ‘Aristotelian’ view that indeterminacy is characterized by truth-value gaps. In the third, I outline one line of defence for the Aristotelian against (...)
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  16.  55
    Robert Williams, Metaphysical Indeterminacy and Ontic Vagueness (Draft).
  17. Robert Williams, On Sider on Naturalness.
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  18.  32
    Robert Williams (2008). Working Parts: Reply to Mellor. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83 (62):81-106.
    Two kinds of explanation might be put forward. The first goes like this: the necessary connection between the location of a whole and the location of its parts holds because the location of the whole is nothing but the collective location of its parts. The second style of explanation goes like this: the connection holds because what it is for a material whole to have something as a part, is (perhaps among other things) for the whole to contain the part.
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  19.  2
    Robert Williams (2009). Having a Laugh’: Masculinities, Health and Humour. Nursing Inquiry 16 (1):74-81.
  20.  3
    Robert R. Williams (1991). Sartre's Strange Appropriation of Hegel. The Owl of Minerva 23 (1):5-14.
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  21. Robert R. Williams (2002). The Displacement of Recognition by Coercion in Fichte's Grundlage des Naturrechts'. In Daniel Breazeale & Tom Rockmore (eds.), New Essays on Fichte's Later Jena Wissenschaftslehre. Northwestern University Press
     
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  22.  74
    Robert Williams (forthcoming). Degree Supervaluational Logic. Review of Symbolic Logic.
    Supervaluationism is often described as the most popular semantic treatment of indeterminacy. There’s little consensus, however, about how to fill out the barebones idea to include a characterization of logical consequence. In a recent paper, Achille Varzi writes: it is pretty clear that there is not just one supervaluational semantics out there–there are lots of such semantics; and although it is true that they all exploit the same insight, their relative differences are by no means immaterial . . . a (...)
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  23.  2
    Robert R. Williams (1991). God in History. The Owl of Minerva 22 (2):234-237.
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  24.  2
    Robert R. Williams (1985). Schleiermachers Denken. The Owl of Minerva 17 (1):89-92.
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  25.  74
    Robert Williams (2008). Gavagai Again. Synthese 164 (2):235 - 259.
    Quine (1960, "Word and object". Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, ch. 2) claims that there are a variety of equally good schemes for translating or interpreting ordinary talk. 'Rabbit' might be taken to divide its reference over rabbits, over temporal slices of rabbits, or undetached parts of rabbits, without significantly affecting which sentences get classified as true and which as false. This is the basis of his famous 'argument from below' to the conclusion that there can be no fact of the (...)
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  26.  68
    Robert Williams, Metaphysical Indeterminacy, Supervenience, and Emergence.
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  27.  11
    Kurt Marko, R. C. Elwood, Fred Seddon, John D. Windhausen, Timothy E. O'Connor & Robert C. Williams (1989). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 37 (4):227-229.
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  28.  33
    Robert R. Williams (2006). Hegel's Critique of Kant. The Owl of Minerva 38 (1/2):9-34.
    This essay examines Hegel’s critique of Kant’s concept of critical philosophy, set forth principally in his Phenomenology of Spirit and Encyclopedia. In the former Hegel presents a hermeneutical critique of Kant, to wit, the concept of critique presupposes a concept of knowledge construed as an instrument. On this assumption the “instrument” of knowledge is supposed to be examined apart from and in advance of its application. But Hegel objects that the underlying conception of knowledge as an instrument undermines the cognitive (...)
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  29.  55
    Robert Williams (1989). A Treatise by Francesco Bocchi in Praise of Andrea Del Sarto. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 52:111-139.
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  30.  51
    Robert Williams, Indeterminate Survival.
    Most views of personal identity allow that sometimes, facts of personal identity can be borderline or indeterminate. Bernard Williams argued that regarding questions of one’s own survival as borderline “had no comprehensible representation” in one’s emotions and expectations. Whether this is the case, I will argue, depends crucially on what account of indeterminacy is presupposed.
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  31.  2
    Robert R. Williams (1982). A Scholarly Note? The Owl of Minerva 14 (2):9-10.
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  32.  51
    Robert R. Williams (2008). Ricoeur on Recognition. European Journal of Philosophy 16 (3):467-473.
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  33.  51
    Robert Williams (2009). Vagueness, Conditionals and Probability. Erkenntnis 70 (2):151 - 171.
    This paper explores the interaction of well-motivated (if controversial) principles governing the probability conditionals, with accounts of what it is for a sentence to be indefinite. The conclusion can be played in a variety of ways. It could be regarded as a new reason to be suspicious of the intuitive data about the probability of conditionals; or, holding fixed the data, it could be used to give traction on the philosophical analysis of a contentious notion—indefiniteness. The paper outlines the various (...)
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  34.  8
    Timothy E. O'Connor, R. M. Davison, John Riser, Robert C. Williams, N. G. O. Pereira, John W. Murphy & Irving H. Anellis (1993). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 45 (3):59-67.
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  35.  7
    Robert R. Williams (2001). Hegel and Nietzsche: Recognition and Master/Slave. Philosophy Today 45 (9999):164-179.
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  36.  7
    Robert R. Williams (1985). Hegel and Whitehead as Categorial Thinkers. The Owl of Minerva 17 (1):41-53.
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  37.  41
    Robert Williams, Aristotelian Indeterminacy and Partial Belief: Including Case Studies of the Open Future and Vague Survival.
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  38.  38
    Robert R. Williams (1985). Hegel and Transcendental Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy 82 (11):595-606.
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  39.  20
    Robert R. Williams (2010). Hegel's Concept of The True Infinite. The Owl of Minerva 42 (1-2):89-122.
    According to Hegel, the true infinite is the fundamental concept of philosophy. Yet despite this fact, there is absence of consensus concerning its meaning and significance. The true infinite challenges the currently dominant non-metaphysical interpretations of Hegel, as it challenged the dominance of the Kantian framework in its own day, specifically Kant’s attack on theology and his treatment of theology as a postulate of moralit y. Kant admits that the God-postulate has only subjective necessity and validity, and is an expression (...)
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  40.  25
    Robert Williams, Semantics for Nihilists.
    Motivations: From mereology (special composition question: Van Inwagen) From metaphysics (epiphenomenality of the macro: Merricks) From presupposition of (ontological) microphysicalism.
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  41.  17
    Robert L. Williams & Stephen L. Worth (2001). The Relationship of Critical Thinking to Success in College. Inquiry 21 (1):5-16.
    The definition, assessment, predictive validity, demographic correlates, and promotion of critical thinking at the college level are addressed in this article. Although the definitions of critical thinking vary substantially, a common theme is the linkage of conclusions to relevant evidence. Assessment measures range from quasi-standardized instruments to informal class assessment and include both generic and subject-specific formats. Although critical thinking potentially serves both as a predictor of college success and as a criterion of suceess, its greater utility may be as (...)
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  42.  17
    Robert R. Williams (2010). Hegel's True Infinity As Panentheism. The Owl of Minerva 42 (1-2):137-152.
    Hegel’s True Infinite is “well known” but there is little consensus concerning its meaning. The true infinite is introduced in Hegel’s deconstruction of traditional conceptions of quality, determinacy and reality as wholly positive and from which negation, limitation and determinacy are excluded. Everything is other than and unrelated to everything else. These assumptions yield the stubborn category of finitude as an absolute limit, and of God as abstract unknowable Beyond. But Hegel claims that every attempt to separate the infinite from (...)
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  43.  5
    Robert R. Williams (2006). Beyond Tradition and Modernity. The Owl of Minerva 37 (1):29-56.
    Although Hegel has been rediscovered frequently, few have focused on Hegel’s speculative theology. Since Hegel criticizes traditional theology, it is widely assumed that he must be an atheist. But Hegel rejects the alternatives of a fossilized orthodoxy and a post-religious secularity. Hegel’s speculative philosophy has profound significance for Christian theological reconstruction. This essay focuses on Hegel’s philosophy of religion as a philosophical theology in the post-Kantian, post-Enlightenment context. Hegel rejects philosophies of finitude as nihilistic. Second, it examines how Hegel’s attempt (...)
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  44.  4
    Robert R. Williams (1995). Discernment in the Realm of Shadows. The Owl of Minerva 26 (2):133-148.
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  45.  13
    Robert L. Williams, Renee Oliver & Jessica L. Allin (2003). Knowledge and Critical Thinking as Course Predictors and Outcomes. Inquiry 22 (4):57-63.
    Pre- and postmeasures of course knowledge correlated more strongly and consistently with course performance variables (essay quizzes, course project, multiple-choice exams, and total course credit)than did pre- and postmeasures of generic critical thinking. In addition, the total sample (N =126) improved significantly on course knowledge from the pre- to the postassessment but changed minimally on critical thinking. The extent and pattern of change in critical thinking differed somewhat for students making high and low grades in the course. High-grade students achieved (...)
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  46.  13
    Robert R. Williams (1999). Harris, H. S. Hegel's Ladder. Review of Metaphysics 53 (1):167-170.
  47.  4
    Robert E. Williams (2012). The Invention of International Relations Theory: Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory, Nicolas Guilhot, Ed. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010), 299 Pp., $89.50 Cloth, $29.50 Paper. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 26 (2):284-286.
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  48.  18
    Robert C. Williams (1998). Richard B. Spence, Boris Savinkov. Renegade on the Left. Studies in East European Thought 50 (2):163-164.
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  49.  19
    Robert Williams, An Argument for the Many Penultimate Draft.
    If one believes that vagueness is an exclusively representational phenomenon, one faces the problem of the many. In the vicinity of Kilimanjaro, there are many many ‘mountain candidates’ all, apparently, with more-or-less equal claim to be mountains. David Lewis has defended a radical claim: that all the billions of mountain candidates are mountains. This paper argues that the supervaluationist about vagueness should adopt Lewis’ proposal, on pain of losing their best explanation of the seductiveness of the sorites.
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  50.  5
    Robert R. Williams (2013). Goldman, Avery., Kant and the Subject of Critique: On the Regulative Role of the Psychological Idea. Review of Metaphysics 67 (1):164-165.
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