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Profile: Roberto Casati (Institut Jean Nicod)
  1. Roberto Casati, Maurizio Ferraris & Achille C. Varzi, Il Paradigma Dell'oggetto.
    Sarà capitato anche a voi, in treno, di cercare di aprire la porta tra un vagone e l’altro con l’espressivissima maniglia e, solo dopo non esserci riusciti, di aver notato il meno eloquente pulsante sulla destra. Il fenomeno non è troppo diverso da quando, non avendo capito qualcosa, chiediamo di farci un esempio. La convinzione —falsa—che parlare possa essere surrogato dall’indicare degli oggetti nasconde l’idea –vera– che gli oggetti parlino, e che alcuni parlino meglio di altri. Per capirlo, non c’è (...)
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  2. Roberto Casati & Achille Varzi, Events.
    Broadly understood, events are things that happen—things such as births and deaths, thunder and lightening, explosions, weddings, hiccups and hand-waves, dances, smiles, walks. Whether such things form a genuine metaphysical category is a question that has attracted the sustained interest of philosophers, especially in the second half of the 20th century. But there is little question that human perception, action, language, and thought manifest at least a prima facie commitment to entities of this sort: Pre-linguistic infants appear to be able (...)
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  3. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi, Perché I Buchi Sono Importanti: Problemi di Rappresentazione Spaziale.
    Le relazioni spaziali tra gli oggetti che ci circondano nel nostro microcosmo quotidiano o nel macroambiente delle posizioni geografiche e le proprietà spaziali di tali oggetti, come forma e dimensione, sono un soggetto di ricerca privilegiato per quei settori delle scienze cognitive che mirano a rappresentare fedelmente le competenze degli agenti umani. Gran parte del nostro comportamento è descrivibile in termini spaziali: pianifi- chiamo azioni, cerchiamo di eseguirle secondo i nostri piani (eventualmente superando ostacoli imprevisti), ne controlliamo lo svolgimento attraverso (...)
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  4. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi, Spatial Entities.
    Common-sense reasoning about space is, first and foremost, reasoning about things located in space. The fly is inside the glass; hence the glass is not inside the fly. The book is on the table; hence the table is under the book. Sometimes we may be talking about things going on in certain places: the concert took place in the garden; then dinner was served in the solarium. Even when we talk about “naked” (empty) regions of space—regions that are not occupied (...)
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  5. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi, Event Concepts.
    Events are center stage in several fields of psychological research. There is a long tradition in the study of event perception, event recognition, event memory, event conceptualization and segmentation. There are studies devoted to the description of events in language and to their representation in the brain. There are also metapsychological studies aimed at assessing the nature of mental events or the grounding of intentional action. Outside psychology, the notion of an event plays a prominent role in various areas of (...)
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  6. Achille Varzi & Roberto Casati, Event Concepts.
    Events are center stage in several fields of psychological research. There is a long tradition in the study of event perception, event recognition, event memory, event conceptualization and segmentation. There are studies devoted to the description of events in language and to their representation in the brain. There are also metapsychological studies aimed at assessing the nature of mental events or the grounding of intentional action. Outside psychology, the notion of an event plays a prominent role in various areas of (...)
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  7. Roberto Casati (forthcoming). Methodological Issues in the Study of the Depiction of Cast Shadows. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
    The relationships between art and cognition constitute a very wide set of largely unexplored and at times undefined or much too speculative problems. The field is narrowed down by imposing some constraints. It is proposed that the depiction of cast shadows, in its early history, could provide an ideal case study which conforms to the constraints. This paper addresses some methodological problems of the study of this case. A sample of relevant Renaissance images is discussed. A typology of depicted cast (...)
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  8. Roberto Casati & Achille Varzi (forthcoming). Holes. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  9. Roberto Casati & Giuliano Torrengo, The Identity of Indiscernibles and the Principle of No Co-Location.
    we propose a revised version of Black's original argument against the principle of identity of indiscernibles. Our aim is to examine a puzzle regarding the intuitiveness of arguments, by showing that the revised version is clearly less intuitive than Black's original one, and appears to be unjustified by our ordinary means of assessment of intuitions.
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  10. Roberto Casati, Mirrors, Illusions and Epistemic Innocence.
    I examine some accounts that articulate the content of perception that occurs by means of a mirror. The defended account entails that a right hand seen in the mirror does not "become" a left hand.
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  11. Roberto Casati (2012). Towards a Synchretist Theory of Depiction (How to Account for the Illusionistic Aspect of Pictorial Mirrors, Illusions and Epistemic Innocence). In Clotilde Calabi (ed.), Perceptual Illusions: Philosophical and Psychological Essays.
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  12. Roberto Casati (2011). Introduction. The Interdisciplinary Study of Drawing. Rivista di Estetica 51 (47):3-8.
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  13. Roberto Casati (2011). Numerals and Word Sequences. In Anne Reboul (ed.), Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan. 000--000.
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  14. Roberto Casati (2011). On Publishing. Social Epistemology 24 (3):191-200.
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  15. Roberto Casati (2011). Prima Lezione di Filosofia. Laterza.
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  16. Roberto Casati (2010). Hallucinatory Pictures. Acta Analytica 25 (3):365-368.
    Hallucinatory pictures are yet to be found picture-like artifacts that induce a hallucination of their content that cannot be intuitively explained by a look at the structure of the pictorial vehicle. Different accounts of depiction make different predictions about the possibility that such artifacts be considered as pictures. Some cases are presented that point towards the intuitive acceptability of hallucinatory pictures.
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  17. Roberto Casati (2010). Trust, Secrecy and Accuracy in Voting Systems: The Case for Transparency. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 9 (1):19-23.
    If voting systems are to be trusted, they not only need to preserve both secrecy (if requested) and accuracy, but the mechanisms that preserve these features should be transparent, in the sense of being both cognitively understandable and accessible. Electronic voting systems, much as they promise accuracy in counting, and on top of being criticized for their insufficient protection of secrecy, violate the transparency requirement.
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  18. Roberto Casati & Marco Bertamini (2010). False Beliefs and Naive Beliefs: They Can Be Good for You. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):512-513.
    Naive physics beliefs can be systematically mistaken. They provide a useful test-bed because they are common, and also because their existence must rely on some adaptive advantage, within a given context. In the second part of the commentary we also ask questions about when a whole family of misbeliefs should be considered together as a single phenomenon.
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  19. Dario Taraborelli, Roberto Casati, Paul Egré & Christophe Heintz (2010). Preface: The Review of Philosophy and Psychology. [REVIEW] Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (1):1-3.
    Preface: The Review of Philosophy and Psychology Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s13164-010-0024-1 Authors Dario Taraborelli, University of Surrey Centre for Research in Social Simulation Guilford GU2 7XH United Kingdom Roberto Casati, Institut Jean Nicod, Ecole Normale Supérieure 29 rue d’Ulm 75005 Paris France Paul Egré, Institut Jean Nicod, Ecole Normale Supérieure 29 rue d’Ulm 75005 Paris France Christophe Heintz, Central European University Budapest Hungary Journal Review of Philosophy and Psychology Online ISSN 1878-5166 Print ISSN 1878-5158 Journal Volume (...)
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  20. Lucy Allais, Louise Antony, Elizabeth Barnes, John Bigelow, Alexander Bird, Ross P. Cameron, John Campbell & Roberto Casati (2009). Notes on The. In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge.
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  21. Roberto Casati (2009). Does Topological Perception Rest on a Misconception About Topology? Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):77 – 81.
    In this article I assess some results that purport to show the existence of a type of 'topological perception', i.e., perceptually based classification of topological features. Striking findings about perception in insects appear to imply that (1) configural, global properties can be considered as primitive perceptual features, and (2) topological features in particular are interesting as they are amenable to formal treatment. I discuss four interrelated questions that bear on any interpretation of findings about the perception of topological properties: what (...)
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  22. Roberto Casati (2009). Minor Entities : Surfaces, Holes, and Shadows. In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge.
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  23. Roberto Casati (2009). Surfaces, Holes, Shadows. In Robin Le Poidevin (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Metaphysics. Routledge. 382--388.
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  24. Roberto Casati & Jérôme Dokic (2009). Some Varieties of Spatial Hearing. In Matthew Nudds & Casey O'Callaghan (eds.), Sounds and Perception: New Philosophical Essays. Oup Oxford.
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  25. Roberto Casati, Events. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  26. Roberto Casati, Holes. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  27. Roberto Casati, Sounds. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  28. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2008). Voti E Altri Buchi Elettorali. Che Cos'è Un Voto? Come Si Contano I Voti? Ei Voti Contano Davvero? Rivista di Estetica 48 (37):169-194.
     
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  29. Roberto Casati & Elena Pasquinelli (2007). How Can You Be Surprised? The Case for Volatile Expectations. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (1-2):171-183.
    Surprise has been characterized has an emotional reaction to an upset belief having a heuristic role and playing a criterial role for belief ascription. The discussion of cases of diachronic and synchronic violations of coherence suggests that surprise plays an epistemic role and provides subjects with some sort of phenomenological access to their subpersonal doxastic states. Lack of surprise seems not to have the same epistemic power. A distinction between belief and expectation is introduced in order to account for some (...)
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  30. Roberto Casati & Alessandro Pignocchi (2007). Mirror and Canonical Neurons Are Not Constitutive of Aesthetic Responses. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (10):000-000.
    The alleged neural basis of empathic responses to artworks is only of marginal relevance for aesthetics and for cognitive theories of art.
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  31. Roberto Casati, Achille Varzi Insurmountable Simplicities & Thirty-Nine Philosophical (2007). Luciano Canfora. Democracy in Europe: A History (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006), Vi+ 302 Pp.£ 40.00 Cloth. David Brion Davis. Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), Xvi+ 440 Pp.£ 17.99 Cloth. Richard Dawkins. The Selfish Gene. (Oxford: Oxford University Press. [REVIEW] The European Legacy 12 (4):545-547.
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  32. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2007). Foreword. The Monist 90 (3):331-332.
    This issue of The Monist is devoted to the metaphysics of lesser kinds, which is to say those kinds of entity that are not generally recognized as occupying a prominent position in the categorial structure of the world. Why bother? We offer two sorts of reason. The first is methodological. In mathematics, it is common practice to study certain functions (for instance) by considering limit cases: What if x = 0? What if x is larger than any assigned value? Physics, (...)
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  33. Margaret A. Boden, Roberto Casati & Achille Varzi (2006). Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book. Mind 115:460.
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  34. Roberto Casati (2006). Philosophy: What is to Be Done? [REVIEW] Topoi 25 (1-2):25-28.
    If, as it is assumed here, philosophy is pervasive and continuous with non-philosophical disciplines, if consequently this dialogue is above all highly interdisciplinary, tends to align itself with the standards of scientific disciplines, and generates strongly contextualised and localised philosophical problems, and if a certain social role is part of the nature of philosophy, then we can expect in decades to come increasingly articulated and interesting interactions between philosophers and non-philosophers that will be manifested in new professional figures.
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  35. Roberto Casati (2006). Sull'ontologia Del Telefonino. Iride 19 (2):377-384.
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  36. Roberto Casati (2006). The Cognitive Science of Holes and Cast Shadows. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):54-55.
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  37. Roberto Casati (2005). Commonsense, Philosophical and Theoretical Notions of an Object. The Monist 88 (4):571-599.
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  38. Roberto Casati (2004). Is the Object Concept Formal? Dialectica 58 (3):383–394.
    This review article explores several senses in which it can be held that the (actual, psychological) concept of an object is a formal concept, as opposed, here, to being a sortal concept. Some recent positions both from the philosophical and psychological literature are analyzed: Object-sortalism (Xu), quasi-sortalist reductive strategies (Bloom), qualified sortalism (Wiggins), demonstrative theories (Fodor), and anti-sortalism (Ayers).
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  39. Roberto Casati (2004). Methodological Issues in the Study of the Depiction of Cast Shadows: A Case Study in the Relationships Between Art and Cognition. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62 (2):163–174.
  40. Roberto Casati (2004). The Shadow Knows: A Primer on the Informational Structure of Cast Shadows. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing. 33--1.
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  41. Roberto Casati (2004). Vantaggi rappresentazionali. Rivista di Estetica 44 (26):203-216.
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  42. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2004). Counting the Holes. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):23 – 27.
    Argle claimed that holes supervene on their material hosts, and that every truth about holes boils down to a truth about perforated things. This may well be right, assuming holes are perforations. But we still need an explicit theory of holes to do justice to the ordinary way of counting holes--or so says Cargle.
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  43. Roberto Casati (2003). Ontologia dell'arte. Rivista di Estetica 43 (23):3-159.
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  44. Roberto Casati (2003). Qualia Domesticated. In Amita Chatterjee (ed.), Perspectives on Consciousness. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.
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  45. Roberto Casati (2003). Representational Advantages. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (3):281–298.
    Descriptive metaphysics investigates our naïve ontology as this is articulated in the content of our perception or of our pre-reflective thought about the world. But is access to such content reliable? Sceptics about the standard modes of access (introspection, or language-driven intuitions) may think that investigations in descriptive metaphysics can be aided by the controlled findings of cognitive science. Cognitive scientists have studied a promising range of representational advantages, that is, ways in which cognition favours one type of entity over (...)
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  46. Roberto Casati (2003). The Unity of the Kind Artwork. Rivista di Estetica 23 (43):3-31.
    A defence of a meta-representational theory of artworks, accounting for the unity of the kind. Artworks are surmised to be artefacts that are produced with the intention of being recognised as having been produced with the intention of eliciting a conversation.
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  47. Roberto Casati (2003). XIII-Representational Advantages. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):281-298.
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  48. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2002). Un Altro Mondo? Rivista di Estetica 19 (1):131-159.
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