Search results for 'Robin A. Murphy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  25 DLs
    A. G. Baker, Irina Baetu & Robin A. Murphy (2009). Propositional Learning is a Useful Research Heuristic but It is Not a Theoretical Algorithm. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):199-200.score: 1413.5
    Mitchell et al.'s claim, that their propositional theory is a single-process theory, is illusory because they relegate some learning to a secondary memory process. This renders the single-process theory untestable. The propositional account is not a process theory of learning, but rather, a heuristic that has led to interesting research.
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  2.  2 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (2004). Response to “What Constitutes a Just Match?: A Reply to Murphy” by D. Micah Hester (CQ Vol 12, No 1): Of Need, Justice, and Random Acts of Education. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (03):289-291.score: 1260.3
    D. Micah Hester thinks the residency match system helps sustain the divide between the haves and the have-nots in healthcare. He believes that the match system channels talent away from the have-nots in a more or less systematic way, damaging moral values in physicians as it goes. As a way of making inroads against these effects, he has asked whether assigning medical school graduates to residencies at random would distribute talent and educational opportunity more broadly and promote desirable moral values. (...)
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  3.  4 DLs
    Irina Baetu, Itxaso Barberia, Robin A. Murphy & A. G. Baker (2011). Maybe This Old Dinosaur Isn't Extinct: What Does Bayesian Modeling Add to Associationism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):190-191.score: 960.4
    We agree with Jones & Love (J&L) that much of Bayesian modeling has taken a fundamentalist approach to cognition; but we do not believe in the potential of Bayesianism to provide insights into psychological processes. We discuss the advantages of associative explanations over Bayesian approaches to causal induction, and argue that Bayesian models have added little to our understanding of human causal reasoning.
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  4.  2 DLs
    [deleted]Rachel M. Msetfi, Robin A. Murphy & Diana E. Kornbrot (2012). Dysphoric Mood States Are Related to Sensitivity to Temporal Changes in Contingency. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 960.2
    A controversial finding in the field of causal learning is that mood contributes to the accuracy of perceptions of uncorrelated relationships. When asked to report the degree of control between an action and its outcome, people with dysphoria or depression are claimed to be more realistic in reporting non-contingency (e.g., Alloy & Abramson, 1979). The strongest evidence for this depressive realism (DR) effect is derived from data collected with experimental procedures in which the dependent variables are verbal or written ratings (...)
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  5.  26 DLs
    Eleonore Stump, Charles B. Schmitt, James J. Murphy, M. Mugnai, Robin Smith, C. W. Kilmister, N. C. A. da Costa, von G. Schenk, Robert Bunn, D. W. Barron & A. Grieder (1982). Bokk Review. History and Philosophy of Logic 3 (2):213-240.score: 902.3
    MEDIEVAL LOGICS LAMBERT MARIE DE RIJK (ed.), Die mittelalterlichen Traktate De mod0 opponendiet respondendi, Einleitung und Ausgabe der einschlagigen Texte. (Beitrage zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, Neue Folge Band 17.) Miinster: Aschendorff, 1980. 379 pp. No price stated. THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY MARTA FATTORI, Lessico del Novum Organum di Francesco Bacone. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo 1980. Two volumes, il + 543, 520 pp. Lire 65.000. VIVIAN SALMON, The study of language in 17th century England. (Amsterdam Studies in the Theory (...)
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  6.  0 DLs
    [deleted]Robin A. Murphy & Rachel M. Msetfi (2014). Individual Differences in Associative Learning. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 870.0
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  7.  40 DLs
    Colleen Murphy (2010). A Moral Theory of Political Reconciliation. Cambridge University Press.score: 602.4
    Following extended periods of conflict or repression, political reconciliation is indispensable to the establishment or restoration of democratic relationships and critical to the pursuit of peacemaking globally. In this important new book, Colleen Murphy offers an innovative analysis of the moral problems plaguing political relationships under the strain of civil conflict and repression. Focusing on the unique moral damage that attends the deterioration of political relationships, Murphy identifies the precise kinds of repair and transformation that processes of political (...)
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  8.  5 DLs
    Edmond A. Murphy (1981). The Pursuit of the Minor Premise a Commentary on Normality. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):283-299.score: 600.3
    In this paper are explored the ethical implications of the answers to three questions: Whether or not a diseased state is discrete; the criteria by which that question is answered; and how the diseased state is to be identified. Examples are given showing that some states appear to be clearly discrete, and others equally clearly not discrete. The nature of the pertinent evidence will be affected accordingly. It is shown that a slavish and inappropriate concern with categories leads to anomalous (...)
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  9.  0 DLs
    Michael Murphy (2012). Multiculturalism: A Critical Introduction. Routledge.score: 600.0
    What is multiculturalism and what are the different theories used to justify it? Are multicultural policies a threat to liberty and equality? Can liberal democracies accommodate minority groups without sacrificing peace and stability? In this clear introduction to the subject, Michael Murphy explores these questions and critically assesses multiculturalism from the standpoint of political philosophy and political practice. The book explores the origins and contemporary usage of the concept of multiculturalism in the context of debates about citizenship, egalitarian justice (...)
     
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  10.  10 DLs
    Jason Burke Murphy (2010). Betting on Life: A Pascalian Argument for Seeking to Discover Meaning. The Monist 31 (1):136-141.score: 540.5
    I seek to step back from the discussion of what it is that confers meaning and concentrate rather on the issue of our reasons to search for meaning. I seek to show that we always have reason to search for meaning, and that this is the case even if we are in a crisis that has rendered us ignorant of what it is that could make the rest of our life worthwhile. Consider: even if presented with an argument that has (...)
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  11.  6 DLs
    Michael L. McIntyre & Steven A. Murphy (2009). Director Education Programs in Canada, Australia and the UK: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 4 (4):349-371.score: 540.3
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  12.  1 DLs
    Julie A. Murphy (1988). Gender and the Perception of Others: A Critique of Schutzian Analysis. Dialogos 23 (52):121-128.score: 540.1
  13.  0 DLs
    Micah D. Hester, Dyrleif Bjarnadottir, Mark Bliton, Michael Boyland, Ken DeVille, Stuart Finder, Richard E. Grant, Chris Hackler, Lynn A. Jansen, Nancy Jecker, Kathy Kinlaw, Tracy Koogler, Eugene Kuc, Tim Murphy, David Ozar, Toby Schonfeld, Wayne Shelton & Alissa Swota (2007). Ethics by Committee: A Textbook on Consultation, Organization, and Education for Hospital Ethics Committees. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 540.0
    While tens of thousands of people across the United States serve on hospital and other healthcare ethics committees , almost no carefully prepared educational material exists for HEC members. Ethics by Committee is a one volume collection of chapters developed exclusively for this educational purpose. Experts in bioethics, clinical consultation, health law, and social psychology from across the country contribute chapters on ethics consultation, education, and policy development.
     
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  14.  0 DLs
    Edmond A. Murphy (1997). Underpinnings of Medical Ethics. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 520.0
    Thus far in the development of the discipline of medical ethics, the overriding concern has been with solutions to specific problems. But discussion is hampered by lack of understanding of the scope and methodology of medical ethics, and its scientific and philosophical basis. In Underpinnings of Medical Ethics Edmond A. Murphy, James J. Butzow, and Edward L. Suarez-Murias offer much-needed clarification of the purview, ontological basis, and methodology of a medical ethics that is to be comprehensive and yet readily (...)
     
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  15.  24 DLs
    Molly C. Chalfin, Emily R. Murphy & Katrina A. Karkazis (2008). Women's Neuroethics? Why Sex Matters for Neuroethics. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (1):1 – 2.score: 481.2
    The Neuroethics Affinity Group of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH) met for the third time in October 2007 to review progress in the field of neuroethics and consider high-impact priorities for the future. Closely aligned with ASBH's own goals of recruiting junior scholars to bioethics and mentoring them to successful careers, the Neuroethics Affinity Group placed a call for new ideas to be presented at the Group meeting, specifically by junior attendees. One group responded with the idea (...)
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  16.  2 DLs
    Edmond A. Murphy (1997). The Logic of Medicine. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 480.1
    When first published twenty years ago, The Logic of Medicine presented a new way of thinking about clinical medicine as a scholarly discipline as well as a profession. Since then, advances in research and technology have revolutionized both the practice and theory of medicine. In this new, extensively rewritten edition, Dr. Murphy includes changes to show how these different areas of scholarship may affect details of "the logic of medicine" without compromising its fundamental coherence. New to this edition are (...)
     
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  17.  144 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (2013). Genetic Modifications for Personal Enhancement: A Defense. Journal of Medical Ethics (4):2012-101026.score: 426.0
    Bioconservative commentators argue that parents should not take steps to modify the genetics of their children even in the name of enhancement because of the damage they predict for values, identities and relationships. Some commentators have even said that adults should not modify themselves through genetic interventions. One commentator worries that genetic modifications chosen by adults for themselves will undermine moral agency, lead to less valuable experiences and fracture people's sense of self. These worries are not justified, however, since the (...)
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  18.  124 DLs
    Peter Murphy (ed.) (2003). Evidence, Proof, and Facts: A Book of Sources. New York ;Oxford University Press.score: 425.2
    This book is a collection of materials concerned not only with the law of evidence, but also with the logical and rhetorical aspects of proof; the epistemology of evidence as a basis for the proof of disputed facts; and scientific aspects of the subject. The editor also raises issues such as the philosophical basis for the use of evidence.
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  19.  85 DLs
    Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Stephen T. Murphy, Jason H. Hill, Alison L. Antes, Ethan P. Waples & Lynn D. Devenport (2008). A Sensemaking Approach to Ethics Training for Scientists: Preliminary Evidence of Training Effectiveness. Ethics and Behavior 18 (4):315 – 339.score: 423.6
    In recent years, we have seen a new concern with ethics training for research and development professionals. Although ethics training has become more common, the effectiveness of the training being provided is open to question. In the present effort, a new ethics training course was developed that stresses the importance of the strategies people apply to make sense of ethical problems. The effectiveness of this training was assessed in a sample of 59 doctoral students working in the biological and social (...)
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  20.  78 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (2011). Same-Sex Marriage: Not a Threat to Marriage or Children. Journal of Social Philosophy 42 (3):288-304.score: 423.3
    Some critics of same-sex marriage allege that this kind of union not only betrays the nature of marriage but that it also opens children to various kinds of harm. Same-sex marriage is objectionable, on this view, in its nature and in its effects. A view of marriage as requiring an unassisted capacity to conceive children may be respect as one idea of marriage, but this view need not be understood as marriage itself. It is not clear, in any case, why (...)
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  21.  46 DLs
    Peter Murphy (2008). Rewriting the A Priori/A Posteriori Distinction. Journal of Philosophical Research 33:279-284.score: 421.9
    The traditional way of drawing the a priori/a posteriori distinction, bequeathed to us by Kant, leads to overestimating the role that experience plays in justifying ourbeliefs. There is an irony in this: though Kant was in the rationalist camp, his way of drawing the distinction gives an unfair advantage to radical empiricism. I offer an alternative way of drawing the distinction, one that does not bias the rationalist/empiricist debate.
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  22.  45 DLs
    Peter Murphy (2006). A Strategy for Assessing Closure. Erkenntnis 65 (3):365-383.score: 421.9
    This paper looks at an argument strategy for assessing the epistemic closure principle. This is the principle that says knowledge is closed under known entailment; or if S knows p and S knows that p entails q, then S knows that q. The strategy in question looks to the individual conditions on knowledge to see if they are closed. According to one conjecture, if all the individual conditions are closed, then so too is knowledge. I give a deductive argument for (...)
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  23.  30 DLs
    Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2007). Determining Public Policy and Resource Allocation Priorities for Mitigating Natural Hazards: A Capabilities-Based Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):489-504.score: 421.3
    This paper proposes a Capabilities-based Approach to guide hazard mitigation efforts. First, a discussion is provided of the criteria that should be met by an adequate framework for formulating public policy and allocating resources. This paper shows why a common decision-aiding tool, Cost-benefit Analysis, fails to fulfill such criteria. A Capabilities-based Approach to hazard mitigation is then presented, drawing on the framework originally developed in the context of development economics and policy. The focus of a Capabilities-based Approach is protecting and (...)
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  24.  28 DLs
    Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2008). The Acceptability and the Tolerability of Societal Risks: A Capabilities-Based Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (1):77-92.score: 421.2
    In this paper, we present a Capabilities-based Approach to the acceptability and the tolerability of risks posed by natural and man-made hazards. We argue that judgments about the acceptability and/or tolerability of such risks should be based on an evaluation of the likely societal impact of potential hazards, defined in terms of the expected changes in the capabilities of individuals. Capabilities refer to the functionings, or valuable doings and beings, individuals are able to achieve given available personal, material, and social (...)
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  25.  21 DLs
    Ethan P. Waples, Alison L. Antes, Stephen T. Murphy, Shane Connelly & Michael D. Mumford (2009). A Meta-Analytic Investigation of Business Ethics Instruction. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):133 - 151.score: 420.9
    The education of students and professionals in business ethics is an increasingly important goal on the agenda of business schools and corporations. The present study provides a meta-analysis of 25 previously conducted business ethics instructional programs. The role of criteria, study design, participant characteristics, quality of instruction, instructional content, instructional program characteristics, and characteristics of instructional methods as moderators of the effectiveness of business ethics instruction were examined. Overall, results indicate that business ethics instructional programs have a minimal impact on (...)
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  26.  20 DLs
    Patrick J. Murphy & Susan M. Coombes (2009). A Model of Social Entrepreneurial Discovery. Journal of Business Ethics 87 (3):325 - 336.score: 420.8
    Social entrepreneurship activity continues to surge tremendously in market and economic systems around the world. Yet, social entrepreneurship theory and understanding lag far behind its practice. For instance, the nature of the entrepreneurial discovery phenomenon, a critical area of inquiry in general entrepreneurship theory, receives no attention in the specific context of social entrepreneurship. To address the gap, we conceptualize social entrepreneurial discovery based on an extension of corporate social responsibility into social entrepreneurship contexts. We develop a model that emphasizes (...)
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  27.  20 DLs
    Paul R. Murphy, Jonathan E. Smith & James M. Daley (1992). Executive Attitudes, Organizational Size and Ethical Issues: Perspectives on a Service Industry. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (1):11 - 19.score: 420.8
    Responding to Randall and Gibson''s (1990) call for more rigorous methodologies in empirically-based ethics research, this paper develops propositions — based on both previous ethics research as well as the larger organizational behavior literature — examining the impact of attitudes, leadership, presence/absence of ethical codes and organizational size on corporate ethical behavior. The results, which come from a mail survey of 149 companies in a major U.S. service industry, indicate that attitudes and organizational size are the best predictors of ethical (...)
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  28.  18 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (2011). A Philosophical Obituary: Dr. Jack Kevorkian Dead at 83 Leaving End of Life Debate in the US Forever Changed. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):3 - 6.score: 420.8
    The nationally-famous advocate of physician-assisted suicide did not die by his own hand. Dr. Jack Kevorkian died the old-fashioned way in America: in a hospital, with multiple disorders undercutting his life. Kevorkian took up interest in assisted suicide early in his medical career, and he wanted prisoners on death row to volunteer for experiments just before their execution. Kevorkian saw individual consent as the wheel, axle, and grease for all decisions in these matters. He helped many people die, but it (...)
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  29.  18 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (2013). Getting Past Nature as a Guide to the Human Sex Ratio. Bioethics 27 (4):224-232.score: 420.8
    Sex selection of children by pre-conception and post-conception techniques remains morally controversial and even illegal in some jurisdictions. Among other things, some critics fear that sex selection will distort the sex ratio, making opposite-sex relationships more difficult to secure, while other critics worry that sex selection will tilt some nations toward military aggression. The human sex ratio varies depending on how one estimates it; there is certainly no one-to-one correspondence between males and females either at birth or across the human (...)
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  30.  16 DLs
    Jeffrie G. Murphy (2013). A Failed Refutation and an Insufficiently Developed Insight in Hart's Law, Liberty, and Morality. Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (3):419-434.score: 420.7
    H. L. A. Hart, in his classic book Law, Liberty, and Morality, is unsuccessful in arguing that James Fitzjames Stephen’s observations about the role of vice in criminal sentencing have no relevance to a more general defense of legal moralism. He does, however, have a very important insight about the special significance of sexual liberty.
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  31.  13 DLs
    Peter Murphy (2005). A Sceptical Rejoinder to Sensitivity-Contextualism. Dialogue 44 (4):693-706.score: 420.5
    This article offers a novel sceptical argument that the sensitivity-contextualist must say is sound; moreover, she must say that the conclusion of thisargument is true at ordinary standards. The view under scrutiny has it that in different contexts knowledge-attributing sentences express different propositions, propositions which differ in the stretch of worlds across which the subject is required to track the truth. I identify the underlying reason for the sceptical result and argue that it makes sensitivity-contextualism irremediably flawed. Contextualists, I conclude, (...)
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  32.  12 DLs
    Lynn D. Devenport, Shane Connelly, Ryan P. Brown, Michael D. Mumford, Ethan P. Waples, Alison L. Antes & Stephen T. Murphy (2009). A Meta-Analysis of Ethics Instruction Effectiveness in the Sciences. Ethics and Behavior 19 (5):379-402.score: 420.5
    Scholars have proposed a number of courses and programs intended to improve the ethical behavior of scientists in an attempt to maintain the integrity of the scientific enterprise. In the present study, we conducted a quantitative meta-analysis based on 26 previous ethics program evaluation efforts, and the results showed that the overall effectiveness of ethics instruction was modest. The effects of ethics instruction, however, were related to a number of instructional program factors, such as course content and delivery methods, in (...)
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  33.  12 DLs
    Frank J. Murphy (1995). The Problem of Evil and a Plausible Defence. Religious Studies 31 (2):243 - 250.score: 420.5
    This paper argues that God may create and exist in any possible world, no matter how much suffering of any sort that world includes. It combines the traditional free will defence with the notion of an 'occasion' for good or evil action and limits God's responsibility to the creation of these occasions. Since no possible world contains occasions for more evil than good action, God is morally permitted to create any possible world. With regard to suffering that is (...)
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  34.  10 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (1986). A Cure for Aging? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (3):237-255.score: 420.4
    Arthur Caplan has argued that the presumptive naturalness, universality, and inevitability of aging are no obstacles to conceptualizing aging as a disease since those traits are themselves merely contingent. Moreover, aging lends itself to discussion in terms of diagnostic symptomatology and etiology. Is aging therefore a disease? I argue that aging need not be shown to be unnatural or a disease in order to make it the subject of biomedical interest. I suggest that rather than ask "Is aging a disease?", (...)
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  35.  10 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (1994). Health Care Workers with Hiv and a Patient's Right to Know. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (6):553-569.score: 420.4
    Accidental human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection of patients in health care settings raises the question about whether patients have a right to expect disclosure of HIV/AIDS diagnoses by their health workers. Although such a right – and the correlative duty to disclose – might appear justified by reason of standards of informed consent, I argue that such standards should only apply to questions of risks of and barriers to HIV infection involved in a particular medical treatment, not to disclosure of (...)
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  36.  9 DLs
    Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2010). Gauging the Societal Impacts of Natural Disasters Using a Capability Approach. Disasters 34 (3):619-636.score: 420.4
    There is a widely acknowledged need for a single composite index that provides a comprehensive picture of the societal impact of disasters. A composite index combines and logically organizes important information policy-makers need to allocate resources for the recovery from natural disasters; it can also inform hazard mitigation strategies. This paper develops a Disaster Impact Index (DII) to gauge the societal impact of disasters on the basis of the changes in individuals’ capabilities. The DII can be interpreted as the disaster (...)
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  37.  8 DLs
    Edward F. Murphy, John D. Gordon & Aleta Mullen (2004). A Preliminary Study Exploring the Value Changes Taking Place in the United States Since the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center in New York. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 50 (1):81 - 96.score: 420.3
    This study was a preliminary exploration of the value changes taking place in the United States since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York, which was a significant emotional event or cultural upheaval. Rokeach told us that a person's total value system may undergo change as a result of socialization, therapy, or cultural upheaval . . . (Rokeach, The Nature of Human Values, 1973, p. 37). The researchers explored the value changes of 500 (...)
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  38.  8 DLs
    Christopher Murphy (2012). Construction and Rhetoric: A Study of Satan in Paradise Lost. Emergence: A Journal of Undergraduate Literary Criticism and Creative Research 3.score: 420.3
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  39.  7 DLs
    Eric Sills & Sarah Murphy (2009). Determining the Status of Non-Transferred Embryos in Ireland: A Conspectus of Case Law and Implications for Clinical IVF Practice. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 (1):8.score: 420.3
    The development of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) as a treatment for human infertilty was among the most controversial medical achievements of the modern era. In Ireland, the fate and status of supranumary (non-transferred) embryos derived from IVF brings challenges both for clinical practice and public health policy because there is no judicial or legislative framework in place to address the medical, scientific, or ethical uncertainties. Complex legal issues exist regarding informed consent and ownership of embryos, particularly the use of non-transferred (...)
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  40.  7 DLs
    Patrick E. Murphy (2005). Developing, Communicating and Promoting Corporate Ethics Statements: A Longitudinal Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):183 - 189.score: 420.3
    This paper reports on the findings of the third in a series of surveys of large U.S.-based and multinational corporations on their ethics statements. Focusing on four types – values statement, corporate credo, code of ethics and Internet privacy policy – we find growth in the use of these statements over the last decade. We discuss the external communication of these statements, including the avenues that are now used for promotion and their intended audiences. The paper concludes with a number (...)
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  41.  6 DLs
    Aaron G. Murphy (2011). Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: A Practical Resource for Managers and Executives. Wiley.score: 420.3
    "This book is a practical business guide for managers and executives covering bribery and FCPA compliance issues that they need to understand to ensure they are ...
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  42.  5 DLs
    Ning Li & William H. Murphy (2012). A Three-Country Study of Unethical Sales Behaviors. Journal of Business Ethics 111 (2):219-235.score: 420.2
    A major challenge in global sales research is helping managers understand sales ethics across countries. Addressing this challenge, our research investigates whether a few demographic variables and psychographic variables reduce unethical sales behaviors (USBs) in Canada, Mexico, and the USA. Further, using literatures associated with business ethics, national culture, and customer orientation advocacy, we hypothesize why sales managers should expect similarities and differences in USBs between countries. We tested hypotheses using a sales contest scenario and six USBs, examining survey responses (...)
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  43.  5 DLs
    Paul Moran & Mark Murphy (2012). Habermas, Pupil Voice, Rationalism, and Their Meeting with Lacan's Objet Petit A. Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (2):171-181.score: 420.2
    ‘Pupil voice’ is a movement within state education in England that is associated with democracy, change, participation and the raising of educational standards. While receiving much attention from educators and policy makers, less attention has been paid to the theory behind the concept of pupil voice. An obvious point of theoretical departure is the work of Jürgen Habermas, who over a number of decades has endeavoured to develop a theory of democracy that places strong significance on language, communication and discourse. (...)
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  44.  4 DLs
    Timothy F. Murphy (2002). Response to "May a Woman Clone Herself" by Jean Chambers. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):83-86.score: 420.2
    For many commentators in bioethics and the law, safety is the fulcrum for evaluating the ethics of human reproductive cloning. Carson Strong has argued that if cloning were effective and safe it should be available to married couples who have tried to have children through various assisted reproductive technologies but been unable to do so. On his view, cloning should be available only as reproductive last resort. I challenged that limited use by trying to show that the arguments Strong adduces (...)
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  45.  3 DLs
    John Murphy (2012). Misfeasance in a Public Office: A Tort Law Misfit? Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 32 (1):51-75.score: 420.1
    This article explores the peculiarities of the tort of misfeasance in a public office from the perspective of two popular, contemporary theories of tort law: the rights-based theory of Robert Stevens, and the corrective justice theory of Ernest Weinrib. It identifies four significant problems of fit for these theories: viz, the fact that this tort does not protect a clearly defined private law right; the fact that its touchstones of liability include concepts that are highly unusual in tort law (such (...)
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  46.  3 DLs
    E. Theodore Veit & Michael R. Murphy (1996). Ethics Violations: A Survey of Investment Analysts. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (12):1287 - 1297.score: 420.1
    The authors analyze the responses to a mail survey of securities analysts who were asked about their ethical behavior and the ethical behavior of people with whom they work. The findings show the types of ethical violations that occur and the frequency with which they occur. The findings also show how respondents deal with observed violations of ethical behavior. All responses are analyzed to determine if differences exist between the responses of analysts having different characteristics (gender, age, years of employment, (...)
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  47.  2 DLs
    Brian S. Buckley, Andrew W. Murphy & Anne E. MacFarlane (2011). Public Attitudes to the Use in Research of Personal Health Information From General Practitioners' Records: A Survey of the Irish General Public. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):50-55.score: 420.1
    Introduction Understanding the views of the public is essential if generally acceptable policies are to be devised that balance research access to general practice patient records with protection of patients' privacy. However, few large studies have been conducted about public attitudes to research access to personal health information. Methods A mixed methods study was performed. Informed by focus groups and literature review, a questionnaire was designed which assessed attitudes to research access to personal health information and factors that influence these. (...)
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  48.  2 DLs
    Roger J. L. Murphy & Robert M. Adams (2006). Some Observations on the Problems of Grading Examinations with Several Components: A Reply to P. J. Squire. Educational Studies 5 (3):225-230.score: 420.1
    (1979). Some Observations on the Problems of Grading Examinations with Several Components: a reply to P. J. Squire. Educational Studies: Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 225-230.
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  49.  2 DLs
    Darryl J. Murphy (2005). The Rhetoric of “Unprincipled” Philosophy. A Critical Notice of Articulated Experiences: Towards a Radical Phenomenology of Contemporary Social Movements. The European Legacy 10 (4):389-395.score: 420.1
    In this critical notice I review the main ideas presented in Peyman Vahabzadeh's thought-provoking investigation into the genesis of new social movements, Articulated Experiences: Towards a Radical Phenomenology of Contemporary Social Movements. I examine two central features of Vahabzadeh's work: (i) its notion of ?ultimate referentiality;? and (ii) the centrality of the role accorded to language in Vahabzadeh's overall theory. I argue that in his stipulation that language is the most fundamental mediating factor in articulation and acts of identification, Vahabzadeh (...)
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