Search results for 'Rod A. Martin' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Rod A. Martin (2003). Laughter: A Scientific Investigation (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 46 (1):145-148.score: 1140.0
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  2. Julio Quesada Martín (2013). Martin Heidegger: de la tarea hermenéutica como" destrucción" 1992 a la" selección racial" como" metafísicamente necesaria" 1941-42. [REVIEW] Analogía Filosófica: Revista de Filosofía, Investigación y Difusión 27 (1):89-132.score: 780.0
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  3. Raymond Martin (1996). R. W. K. Paterson, Philosophy and the Belief in a Life After Death. (London: Macmillan Press Ltd; New York: St Martin's Press, Inc., 1995.) Pp. V+223. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 32 (3):415.score: 780.0
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  4. Gillian S. Martin, Christian J. Resick, Mary A. Keating & Marcus W. Dickson (2009). Ethical Leadership Across Cultures: A Comparative Analysis of German and Us Perspectives. Business Ethics 18 (2):127-144.score: 480.0
    This paper examines beliefs about four aspects of ethical leadership – Character/Integrity, Altruism, Collective Motivation and Encouragement – in Germany and the United States using data from Project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) and a supplemental analysis. Within the context of a push toward convergence driven by the demands of globalization and the pull toward divergence underpinned by different cultural values and philosophies in the two countries, we focus on two questions: Do middle managers from the United States (...)
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  5. J. -P. Marchand & P. A. Martin (1974). A Non-Hamiltonian Formulation of the Ising Chain. Foundations of Physics 4 (4):465-472.score: 480.0
    The Gibbs states of binary lattice systems can be characterized by their stability with respect to certain microscopic transitions which have a simple physical interpretation. A detailed analysis is provided for the case of a one-dimensional lattice gas with nearest-neighbor interactions.
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  6. James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar (2012). The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 2: Issues of Conservatism and Pragmatism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):8-.score: 480.0
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  7. James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar (2012). The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 3: Issues of Utility and Alternative Approaches in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):9-.score: 480.0
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  8. Kelly D. Martin & John B. Cullen (2009). Appreciating the Meta-Analytic Methodological Context: Rejoinder to a Reply. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):763 - 766.score: 480.0
    In this paper, the authors respond to a recent critique of their Journal of Business Ethics article, which provided a meta-analytic review of ethical climate theory research (Martin and Cullen, 2006 ). They review basic principles of meta-analytic research and discuss the methodological context of their work, which was not discussed in the recent reply article. Additional methodological and practical evidence is presented in support of Martin and Cullen ( 2006 ), including a discussion of the (...)
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  9. Mike W. Martin (2006). From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture. OUP USA.score: 480.0
    Morality and mental health are now inseparably linked in our view of character. Alcoholics are sick, yet they are punished for drunk driving. Drug addicts are criminals, but their punishment can be court ordered therapy. The line between character flaws and personality disorders has become fuzzy, with even the seven deadly sins seen as mental disorders. In addition to pathologizing wrong-doing, we also psychologize virtue; self-respect becomes self-esteem, integrity becomes psychological integration, and responsibility becomes maturity. Moral advice is now sought (...)
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  10. James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar (2012). The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):1-29.score: 480.0
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  11. R. M. Martin (1978). A Clinical Model for Decision-Making. Journal of Medical Ethics 4 (4):200-206.score: 480.0
    Richard Martin's aim in this paper is to present a critical method of making ethical decisions in a medical context. He feels that such a reflective method provides the best means of making the appropriate decisions in given situations. It is based on Dr Martin's experience in applying ethical theory while collaborating with physicians in the daily course of clinical practice. Through his giving of a functional definition of medical ethics, his descriptions of an analytical model, the significance (...)
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  12. Robert M. Martin (2002). There Are Two Errors in the the Title of This Book, Revised and Expanded: A Sourcebook of Philosophical Puzzles, Paradoxes and Problems. Broadview Press.score: 480.0
    Martin provides fascinating discussions of each problem or puzzle, and appends suggestions for further reading. Where the puzzle or problem admits of a right answer, Martin provides it in a separate section. But he also often ends with a question; as this book richly and entertainingly demonstrates, philosophy is as much the search for the right questions as it is for the right answers. There are many new entries in this edition, including "God as the Tortoise on the (...)
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  13. James Phillips, Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar (2012). The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue. Part 4: General Conclusion. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):14-.score: 480.0
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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  14. Roy C. Martin (1999). Astronomy on Trial: A Devastating and Complete Repudiation of the Big Bang Fiasco. University Press of America.score: 480.0
    Quite a few people disagree with the Big Bang model some of them (unlike Martin) are even scientists.
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  15. Christopher Martin (2014). Transitional Justice and the Task of Inclusion: A Habermasian Perspective on the Justification of Aboriginal Educational Rights. Educational Theory 64 (1):33-53.score: 480.0
    In February 2012, Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission released an interim report that detailed its findings based on extensive testimony by former students of the nation's residential school system, a system designed to forcibly assimilate aboriginal peoples. The report concludes that the state must play an active role in the restoration of indigenous culture and knowledge. It is against this background that Christopher Martin analyzes the idea of aboriginal educational rights. The concern here is not so much with aboriginal (...)
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  16. Aaron K. Martin & Edgar A. Whitley (2007). Managing Public Expectations of Technological Systems: A Case Study of a Problematic Government Project. Spontaneous Generations: A Journal for the History and Philosophy of Science 1 (1):67.score: 480.0
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  17. Rex Martin & David A. Reidy (eds.) (2006). Rawls's Law of Peoples: A Realistic Utopia? Blackwell Pub..score: 420.0
    This volume examines Rawls’s theory of international justice as worked out in his controversial last book, The Law of Peoples.
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  18. Donald A. Martin (1963). A Theorem on Hyperhypersimple Sets. Journal of Symbolic Logic 28 (4):273-278.score: 420.0
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  19. George T. H. Ellison, Jay S. Kaufman, Rosemary F. Head, Paul A. Martin & Jonathan D. Kahn (2008). Flaws in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Rationale for Supporting the Development and Approval of BiDil as a Treatment for Heart Failure Only in Black Patients. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):449-457.score: 420.0
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  20. Bernard Gert & James A. Martin (1973). 'What a Man Does He Can Do'? Analysis 33 (5):168 - 173.score: 420.0
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  21. Donald A. Martin (1966). On a Question of G. E. Sacks. Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (1):66-69.score: 420.0
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  22. M. Kleinknecht-Dolf, I. A. Frei, E. Spichiger, M. Muller, J. S. Martin & R. Spirig (forthcoming). Moral Distress in Nurses at an Acute Care Hospital in Switzerland: Results of a Pilot Study. Nursing Ethics.score: 420.0
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  23. B. P. Belinskiy, J. P. Dauer, C. Martin & M. A. Shubov (1998). On Controllability of an Elastic String with a Viscous Damping. History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (3-4):227-255.score: 420.0
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  24. Rakesh Biswas, Carmel M. Martin, Joachim Sturmberg, Ravi Shanker, Shashikiran Umakanth, Shiv Shanker & A. S. Kasturi (2008). User‐Driven Health Care – Answering Multidimensional Information Needs in Individual Patients Utilizing Post–EBM Approaches: A Conceptual Model. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):742-749.score: 420.0
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  25. David D'Souza, Douglas K. Martin, Laura Purdy, Andrea Bezjak & Peter A. Singer (2001). Waiting Lists for Radiation Therapy: A Case Study. BMC Health Services Research 1:1-3.score: 420.0
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  26. Robert A. Hicks, Robert J. Pellegrini, Sharon Martin, Linda Garbesi, Darlyne Elliott & James Hawkins (1979). Type A Behavior and Normal Habitual Sleep Duration. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (3):185-186.score: 420.0
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  27. Donald A. Martin (1970). Review: Paul R. Young, A Note on Pseudo-Creative Sets and Cylinders; Paul R. Young, On Semi-Cylinders, Splinters, and Bounded Truth-Table Reducibility; Paul R. Young, On Pseudo-Creative Sets, Splinters, and Bounded-Truth-Table Reducibility. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):335-335.score: 420.0
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  28. Donald A. Martin (1971). Review: Robert M. Solovay, A Nonconstructible $Bigtriangleup_{3}^{1}$ Set of Integers. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (2):340-340.score: 420.0
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  29. Kevin Aho, Robert Audi, Peter A. French, Al Gini, Charles Guignon, Annette Holba, Marcia Homiak, Mike W. Martin & Valerie Tiberius (2010). The Value of Time and Leisure in a World of Work. Lexington Books.score: 420.0
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  30. William A. Johnston, Seth N. Greenberg, Ronald P. Fisher & David W. Martin (1970). Divided Attention: A Vehicle for Monitoring Memory Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):164.score: 420.0
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  31. William A. Martin (2000). Ellen A Herda, Research Conversations and Narrative: A Critical Hermeneutic Orientation in Participatory Inquiry Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 20 (5):349-350.score: 420.0
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  32. James R. Martin, Richard C. Rogers, Donald Novin & Dennis A. Weele (1977). Excessive Gastric Retention by Vagotomized Rats and Rabbits Given a Solid Diet. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (4):291-294.score: 420.0
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  33. Maureen A. O.’Malley, William Martin & John Dupré (2010). The Tree of Life: Introduction to an Evolutionary Debate. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):441-453.score: 340.0
    The ‘Tree of Life’ is intended to represent the pattern of evolutionary processes that result in bifurcating species lineages. Often justified in reference to Darwin’s discussions of trees, the Tree of Life has run up against numerous challenges especially in regard to prokaryote evolution. This special issue examines scientific, historical and philosophical aspects of debates about the Tree of Life, with the aim of turning these criticisms towards a reconstruction of prokaryote phylogeny and even some aspects of the standard evolutionary (...)
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  34. Natalie A. Wyer, Douglas Martin, Tracey Pickup & C. Neil Macrae (2012). Individual Differences in (Non-Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect. Cognitive Science 36 (2):373-384.score: 340.0
    Recent research suggests that individuals with relatively weak global precedence (i.e., a smaller propensity to view visual stimuli in a configural manner) show a reduced face inversion effect (FIE). Coupled with such findings, a number of recent studies have demonstrated links between an advantage for feature-based processing and the presentation of traits associated with autism among the general population. The present study sought to bridge these findings by investigating whether a relationship exists between the possession of autism-associated traits (i.e., as (...)
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  35. Sergio A. Celani & Hernán J. San Martín (2012). Frontal Operators in Weak Heyting Algebras. Studia Logica 100 (1/2):91 - 114.score: 340.0
    In this paper we shall introduce the variety FWHA of frontal weak Heyting algebras as a generalization of the frontal Heyting algebras introduced by Leo Esakia in [10]. A frontal operator in a weak Heyting algebra A is an expansive operator r preserving finite meets which also satisfies the equation τ(a) ≤ b V (b → a), for all a,b ε A. These operators were studied from an algebraic, logical and topological point of view by Leo Esakia in [10]. We (...)
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  36. Michael A. Kolosov, Deryl W. Martin & Jeffrey H. Peterson (1993). Ethics and Behavior on the Russian Commodity Exchange. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (9):741 - 744.score: 340.0
    With tumultuous changes occurring in the former Soviet Union, a unique opportunity exists to examine the implications of unethical behavior in what is,de facto, a totally unregulated market. Recent legalization of commodity trading in Moscow carried with it no legal structure to ensure swift compliance with contract terms. This paper demonstrates that in the absence of legal remedies, a free marketplace appropriately punishes unethical conduct.
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  37. Mike W. Martin (2000). Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 300.0
    As commonly understood, professional ethics consists of shared duties and episodic dilemmas--the responsibilities incumbent on all members of specific professions joined together with the dilemmas that arise when these responsibilities conflict. Martin challenges this "consensus paradigm" as he rethinks professional ethics to include personal commitments and ideals, of which many are not mandatory. Using specific examples from a wide range of professions, including medicine, law, high school teaching, journalism, engineering, and ministry, he explores how personal commitments motivate, guide, and (...)
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  38. Jamie Snider, Ronald Paul Hill & Diane Martin (2003). Corporate Social Responsibility in the 21st Century: A View From the World's Most Successful Firms. Journal of Business Ethics 48 (2):175-187.score: 300.0
    This investigation is motivated by the lack of scholarship examining the content of what firms are communicating to various stakeholders about their commitment to socially responsible behaviors. To address this query, a qualitative study of the legal, ethical and moral statements available on the websites of Forbes Magazine''s top 50 U.S. and top 50 multinational firms of non-U.S. origin were analyzed within the context of stakeholder theory. The results are presented thematically, and the close provides implications for social responsibility among (...)
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  39. Wayne Martin (2009). Ought but Cannot. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 109 (1pt2):103 - 128.score: 300.0
    I assess a series of arguments intended to show that 'ought' implies 'can'. Two are rooted in uses of 'ought' in contexts of deliberation and command. A third draws on the distinctive resources of deontic logic. I show that, in each case, the arguments leave scope for forms of infinite moral consciousness—forms of moral consciousness in which a moral obligation retains its authority even in the face of the conviction that the obligation is impossible to fulfil. In this respect the (...)
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  40. Daniel E. Martin, Asha Rao & Lloyd R. Sloan (2009). Plagiarism, Integrity, and Workplace Deviance: A Criterion Study. Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):36 – 50.score: 300.0
    Plagiarism is increasingly evident in business and academia. Though links between demographic, personality, and situational factors have been found, previous research has not used actual plagiarism behavior as a criterion variable. Previous research on academic dishonesty has consistently used self-report measures to establish prevalence of dishonest behavior. In this study we use actual plagiarism behavior to establish its prevalence, as well as relationships between integrity-related personal selection and workplace deviance measures. This research covers new ground in two respects: (a) That (...)
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  41. Michael Martin (1990). Atheism: A Philosophical Justification. Temple University Press.score: 300.0
    "Thousands of philosophers--from the ancient Greeks to modern thinkers--have defended atheism, but none more comprehensively than Martin.
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  42. Jane Roland Martin (1994). Changing the Educational Landscape: Philosophy, Women, and Curriculum. Routledge.score: 300.0
    Changing the Educational Landscape is a collection of the best-known and best-loved essays by the renowned feminist philosopher of education, Jane Roland Martin. The volume charts the remarkable intellectual development of a thinker who has travelled distinctively across a changing educational landscape. Trained as an analytic philosopher at a time before women or feminist ideas were welcome in the field, Martin brought a philosopher's detached perspective to her earliest efforts to reconstitute the curriculum. Her later essays on women (...)
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  43. Wayne Martin, Descartes and the Phenomenological Tradition.score: 300.0
    The spectre of Descartes figured as a perpetual presence in much of twentieth century philosophy, but nearly always as an emblem for positions to be avoided. Cartesian foundationalism in epistemology, the ontological dualism of mind and body, the associated conception of the mind as a substance, and as a “thing that thinks” – all these have figured in recent philosophy as positions to be refuted or simply renounced, the absurda in one or another reductio argument. But for one prominent twentieth (...)
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  44. Kelly D. Martin & John B. Cullen (2006). Continuities and Extensions of Ethical Climate Theory: A Meta-Analytic Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):175 - 194.score: 300.0
    Using traditional meta-analytic techniques, we compile relevant research to enhance conceptual appreciation of ethical climate theory (ECT) as it has been studied in the descriptive and applied ethics literature. We explore the various treatments of ethical climate to understand how the theoretical framework has developed. Furthermore, we provide a comprehensive picture of how the theory has been extended by describing the individual-level work climate outcomes commonly studied in this theoretical context. Meta-analysis allows us to resolve inconsistencies in previous findings as (...)
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  45. Richard Machalek & Michael W. Martin (2004). Sociology and the Second Darwinian Revolution: A Metatheoretical Analysis. Sociological Theory 22 (3):455-476.score: 300.0
    Sociologists tend to eschew biological explanations of human social behavior. Accordingly, when evolutionary biologists began to apply neo-Darwinian theory to the study of human social behavior, the reactions of sociologists typically ranged from indifference to overt hostility. Since the mid-1960s, however, neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory has stimulated a "second Darwinian revolution" in traditional social scientific conceptions of human nature and social behavior, even while most sociologists remain largely uninformed about neo-Darwinian theory and research. This article traces sociology's long-standing isolation from the (...)
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  46. Mike W. Martin (2010). Personality Disorders and Moral Responsibility. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):127-129.score: 300.0
    In “Personality Disorders: Moral or Medical Kinds—or Both?” Peter Zachar and Nancy Nyquist Potter (2010) reject any general dichotomy between morality and mental health, and specifically between character vices and personality disorders. In doing so, they provide a nuanced and illuminating discussion that connects Aristotelian virtue ethics to a multidimensional understanding of personality disorders. I share their conviction that dissolving morality–health dichotomies is the starting point for any plausible understanding of human beings (Martin 2006), but I register some qualms (...)
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  47. Wayne M. Martin (1999). Husserl's Relapse? Concerning a Fregean Challenge to Phenomenology. Inquiry 42 (3 & 4):343 – 369.score: 300.0
    An influential interpretation of phenomenology construes Husserl's project as an attempt to generalize the Fregean notion of sense- an attempt to extend Frege's analysis of the structure of meaningful expressions to a more general account of the structure of meaning in experience . Michael Dummett has articulated a broadly Fregean critique of this Husserlian program, arguing that the project is misguided and retrograde-a relapse into the psychologism and idealism that Frege sought to avoid. A defense of Husserl is offered, based (...)
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  48. Raymond Martin (1998). Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to What Matters in Survival. Cambridge University Press.score: 300.0
    This book is a major contribution to the philosophical literature on the nature of the self, personal identity, and survival. Its distinctive methodology is one that is phenomenologically descriptive rather than metaphysical and normative. On the basis of this approach Raymond Martin shows that the distinction between self and other is not nearly as fundamental a feature of our so-called egoistic values as has been traditionally thought. He explains how the belief in a self as a fixed, continuous point (...)
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  49. Michael Martin (1990). On a New Argument for the Existence of God. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 28 (1):25 - 34.score: 300.0
    The conclusion of Shutte's argument that the Christian God exists does not follow from his premises without additional dubious premises. Furthermore, the first premise of the argument, namely that human persons depend on other persons to develop as persons is an empirical premise that cries out for empirical support that Shutte fails to supply. Alternative schemes of personal development are available but he does not show that they are mistaken. Moreover, Shutte's scheme generates a puzzle about how personal development is (...)
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  50. Jack Martin (2011). The Interactivist Social Ontology of Persons: A Descriptive and Evaluative Synthesis, with Two Suggestions. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 21 (1):173-183.score: 300.0
    Within the interactivist, process approach to metaphysics, Bickhard (Social life and social knowledge: toward a process account of development. Lawrence Erlbaum, New York, 2008a; Topoi 27: 139–149, 2008b; New Ideas Psychol, in press) has developed a social ontology of persons that avoids many well-known philosophical difficulties concerning the genesis, development, and application of the rational and moral capabilities and responsibilities that characterize persons. Interactivism positions developing persons inside sets of social conventions within which they participate in their own constitution as (...)
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