Search results for 'Roger Pearson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  35
    Susan Pearson (2012). Review of Roger Slee, The Irregular School: Exclusion, Schooling and Inclusive Education. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (2):199-206.
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  2.  38
    Roger Pearson (1993). The Fables of Reason: A Study of Voltaire's "Contes Philosophiques". Oxford University Press.
    This is the first comprehensive study in English of Voltaire's contes philosophiques--the philosophical tales for which he is best remembered and which include his masterpiece Candide. Pearson situates each story in its historical and intellectual context and offers new readings in light of modern critical thinking. He rejects the traditional view that Voltaire's contes were the private expression of his philosophical perplexity, and argues that it is narrative that is Voltaire's essential mode of thought. His book is a witty, (...)
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  3.  14
    Karl Pearson, The Grammar of Science, by Karl Pearson ..
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  4.  5
    Charls Pearson (2008). The Use of Synesthesia Experiments to Demonstrate a Double Application of Pearson's Principle of Paradigm Inversionwith a Balanced Set of Goals. Semiotics:452-462.
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  5. William Kingdon Clifford, Karl Pearson & James Roy Newman (1946). The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences. Edited, and with a Pref. By Karl Pearson; Newly Edited and with an Introd. By James R. Newman; Pref. By Bertrand Russell. [REVIEW] Knopf.
     
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  6. Umberto Eco (2000). Signs of the Times (Ian Maclean and Roger Pearson, Trans.). In Umberto Eco, Catherine David, Frédéric Lenoir & Jean-Philippe de Tonnac (eds.), Conversations About the End of Time. Fromm International 171--216.
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  7.  15
    Gordon Pearson & Martin Parker (2001). The Relevance of Ancient Greeks to Modern Business? A Dialogue on Business and Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):341 - 353.
    What follows is a dialogue, in the Platonic sense, concerning the justifications for "business ethics" as a vehicle for asking questions about the values of modern business organisations. The protagonists are the authors, Gordon Pearson – a pragmatist and sceptic where business ethics is concerned – and Martin Parker – a sociologist and idealist who wishes to be able to ask ethical questions of business. By the end of the dialogue we come to no agreement on the necessity or (...)
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  8.  25
    Michael Pearson (1990). Millennial Dreams and Moral Dilemmas: Seventh-Day Adventism and Contemporary Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Recent and rapid technological developments on many fronts have created in our society some extremely difficult moral predicaments. Previous generations have not had to face the dilemmas posed by, for example, the availability of safe abortions, sperm banks and prostoglandins. They have not had to come to terms with an unchecked exploitation of natural resources heralding imminent ecological crisis, or, worst of all, with the recognition that only in this current generation have people the capacity to destroy themselves and their (...)
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  9.  16
    Lionel Ignacius Cusack Pearson (1962). Popular Ethics in Ancient Greece. Stanford, Calif.,Stanford University Press.
    Library POPULAR ETHICS IN ANCIENT GREECE Lionel Pearson STANFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS STANFORD. ...
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  10.  5
    Roger Slee (2012). Response to Susan Pearson's Review of The Irregular School. Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (2):207-209.
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  11.  57
    Mario Di Paolantonio (2015). Roger Simon as a Thinker of the Remnants: An Overview of a Way of Thinking the Present, Our Present…. Studies in Philosophy and Education 34 (3):263-277.
    Whereas there are many aspects of Roger Simon’s thought that can be privileged, one of the most compelling points of entry for beginning to consider his legacy in the field of education, and beyond, lies with his concern for the difficult work of receiving and transmitting, of giving countenance to, the traces of those now absent. Indeed, in the last 20 years of his scholarly work, Simon pressed us to consider the pedagogical stakes in forging an ethical living relation (...)
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  12.  94
    Charles H. Pence (2011). “Describing Our Whole Experience”: The Statistical Philosophies of W. F. R. Weldon and Karl Pearson. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (4):475-485.
    There are two motivations commonly ascribed to historical actors for taking up statistics: to reduce complicated data to a mean value (e.g., Quetelet), and to take account of diversity (e.g., Galton). Different motivations will, it is assumed, lead to different methodological decisions in the practice of the statistical sciences. Karl Pearson and W. F. R. Weldon are generally seen as following directly in Galton’s footsteps. I argue for two related theses in light of this standard interpretation, based on a (...)
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  13.  11
    Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (eds.) (2002). New British Philosophy. Routledge.
    What do real philosophers do? What are the big philosophical issues of today? Clear and engaging, New British Philosophy contains sixteen fascinating interviews with some of the top philosophers working in Britain today, on topics that range from music to the mind and feminism to the future of philosophy. This unique snapshot of philosophy today includes interviews with: Ray Monk, Nigel Warburton, Aaron Ridley, Jonathan Wolff, Roger Crisp, Rae Langton, Miranda Fricker, M.G.F. Martin, Timothy Williamson, Tim Crane, Robin Le (...)
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  14.  8
    Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (2008). New British Philosophy. The Interviews1. Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 15 (2):247-261.
    From popular introductions to biographies and television programmes, philosophy is everywhere. Many people even want to be philosophers, usually in the café or the pub. But what do real philosophers do? What are the big philosophical issues of today? Why do they matter? How did some our best philosophers get into philosophy in the first place? Read New British Philosophy and find out for the first time. Clear, engaging and designed for a general audience, sixteen fascinating interviews with some of (...)
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  15.  2
    Denys Cuche (2008). Roger Bastide, le « fait individuel » et l'école de Chicago. Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 124 (1):41.
    Roger Bastide a été un des rares sociologues français de sa génération à ne pas se reconnaître d’emblée héritier de Durkheim, auquel il reprochait son « sociologisme ». Toute l’œuvre de Bastide peut être caractérisée comme une tentative d’articulation du « fait individuel », du fait social et du fait culturel. L’attention qu’il portait à la subjectivité des individus explique l’intérêt qu’il a très tôt éprouvé pour les travaux des chercheurs de l’École de Chicago, qu’il a découverts en (...)
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  16.  2
    Maria Bitsori, Dimitrios Georgopoulos & Emmanouil Galanakis (2009). The Question of Futility and Roger C. Bone. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):477-481.
    Medical futility, one of the most debated end-of-life issues in medical ethics, has been discussed among physicians and scholars for years but remained an unresolved question. Roger C. Bone (1941–1997), an outstanding pulmonologist and critical care specialist, devoted his last years to ethical issues of terminal care, while facing himself metastatic renal cancer. Criticising the abuse of technology in terminal care and the administrative and financial interference on medical decisions, he bequeathed important points on futility, bringing also patients’ views (...)
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  17.  8
    Antonia Lolordo (2008). Locke: A Biography - by Roger Woolhouse. Philosophical Books 49 (3):254-257.
    This is a review of Roger Woolhouse's biography of Locke.
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  18. Julian Baggini & Jeremy Stangroom (eds.) (2005). New British Philosophy: The Interviews. Routledge.
    From popular introductions to biographies and television programmes, philosophy is everywhere. Many people even want to _be_ philosophers, usually in the café or the pub. But what do real philosophers do? What are the big philosophical issues of today? Why do they matter? How did some our best philosophers get into philosophy in the first place? Read _New British Philosophy_ and find out for the first time. Clear, engaging and designed for a general audience, sixteen fascinating interviews with some of (...)
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  19.  12
    Yael Raizman-Kedar (2009). The Intellect Naturalized: Roger Bacon on the Existence of Corporeal Species Within the Intellect. Early Science and Medicine 14 (1):131-157.
    In this paper I challenge the claim that Bacon considered the operation of species as limited to the physical and sensory levels and demonstrate that in his view, the very same species issued by physical objects operate within the intellect as well. I argue that in Bacon the concept of illumination plays a secondary role in the acquisition of knowledge, and that he regarded innate knowledge as dispositional and confused. What was left as the main channel through which knowledge is (...)
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  20. William Day (1997). Roger Scruton, A Short History of Modern Philosophy: From Descartes to Wittgenstein Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 17 (5):371-372.
     
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  21. Pierre Mandonnet (1913). Roger Bacon Et la Composition des Trois « Opus ». Revue Néo-Scolastique de Philosophie 20 (77):52-68.
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  22. Robert Adamson (1876). Roger Bacon: The Philosophy of Science in the Middle Ages, an Address.
     
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  23. John Henry Bridges & H. Gordon Jones (1914). The Life & Work of Roger Bacon, Ed. By H.G. Jones.
     
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  24. Howard Hannay (1937). Roger Fry and Other Essays. G. Allen & Unwin, Ltd.
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  25. Roger North (2006). Roger North's the Musicall Grammarian: 1728. Cambridge University Press.
    Roger North's The Musicall Grammarian 1728 is a treatise on musical eloquence in all its branches. Of its five parts, I and II, on the orthoepy, orthography and syntax of music, constitute a grammar; III and IV, on the arts of invention and communication, form a rhetoric; and V, on etymology, consists of a history. Two substantial chapters of commentary introduce the text, which is edited here for the first time in its entirety: Jamie Kassler places his treatise (...)
     
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  26. Roger Penrose (2010). Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 1: 1953-1967. OUP Oxford.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. The first volume covers the beginnings of a career that is ground-breaking from the outset. Inspired by courses given by Dirac and Bondi, much of the (...)
     
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  27. Roger Penrose (2010). Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Six Volume Set. OUP Oxford.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose is one of the truly original thinkers of our time. He has made several remarkable contributions to science, from quantum physics and theories of human consciousness to relativity theory and observations on the structure of the universe. Unusually for a scientist, some of his ideas have crossed over into the public arena. Now his work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together (...)
     
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  28. Roger Penrose (2010). Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 3: 1976-1980. OUP Oxford.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Many important realizations concerning twistor theory occurred during the short period of this third volume, providing a new perspective on the way that mathematical features of (...)
     
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  29. Roger Penrose (2010). Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 4: 1981-1989. OUP Oxford.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Among the new developments that occurred during this period was the introduction of a particular notion of 'quasi-local mass-momentum and angular momentum', the topic of Penrose's (...)
     
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  30. Roger Penrose (2010). Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 5: 1990-1996. OUP Oxford.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Publication of The Emperor's New Mind (OUP 1989) had caused considerable debate and Penrose's responses are included in this volume. Arising from this came the idea (...)
     
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  31. Roger Penrose (2010). Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 6: 1997-2003. OUP Oxford.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. This sixth volume describes an actual experiment to measure the length of time that a quantum superposition might last (developing the Diósi-Penrose proposal). It also discusses (...)
     
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  32. Roger Penrose (2010). Roger Penrose: Collected Works: Volume 2: 1968-1975. OUP Oxford.
    Professor Sir Roger Penrose's work, spanning fifty years of science, with over five thousand pages and more than three hundred papers, has been collected together for the first time and arranged chronologically over six volumes, each with an introduction from the author. Where relevant, individual papers also come with specific introductions or notes. Developing ideas sketched in the first volume, twistor theory is now applied to genuine issues of physics, and there are the beginnings of twistor diagram theory (...)
     
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  33. Lynn Thorndike (1916). The True Roger Bacon.
     
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  34.  58
    Deborah G. Mayo & Aris Spanos (2006). Severe Testing as a Basic Concept in a Neyman–Pearson Philosophy of Induction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):323-357.
    Despite the widespread use of key concepts of the Neyman–Pearson (N–P) statistical paradigm—type I and II errors, significance levels, power, confidence levels—they have been the subject of philosophical controversy and debate for over 60 years. Both current and long-standing problems of N–P tests stem from unclarity and confusion, even among N–P adherents, as to how a test's (pre-data) error probabilities are to be used for (post-data) inductive inference as opposed to inductive behavior. We argue that the relevance of error (...)
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  35.  47
    Dylan Dodd (2013). Roger White's Argument Against Imprecise Credences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (1):69-77.
    According to the Imprecise Credence Framework (ICF), a rational believer's doxastic state should be modelled by a set of probability functions rather than a single probability function, namely, the set of probability functions allowed by the evidence ( Joyce [2005] ). Roger White ( [2010] ) has recently given an arresting argument against the ICF, which has garnered a number of responses. In this article, I attempt to cast doubt on his argument. First, I point out that it's (...)
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  36.  25
    Margaret Morrison (2002). Modelling Populations: Pearson and Fisher on Mendelism and Biometry. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):39-68.
    The debate between the Mendelians and the (largely Darwinian) biometricians has been referred to by R. A. Fisher as ‘one of the most needless controversies in the history of science’ and by David Hull as ‘an explicable embarrassment’. The literature on this topic consists mainly of explaining why the controversy occurred and what factors prevented it from being resolved. Regrettably, little or no mention is made of the issues that figured in its resolution. This paper deals with the latter topic (...)
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  37.  86
    Russell P. Boisjoly, Ellen Foster Curtis & Eugene Mellican (1989). Roger Boisjoly and the Challenger Disaster: The Ethical Dimensions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4):217 - 230.
    This case study focuses on Roger Boisjoly's attempt to prevent the launch of the Challenger and subsequent quest to set the record straight despite negative consequences. Boisjoly's experiences before and after the Challenger disaster raise numerous ethical issues that are integral to any explanation of the disaster and applicable to other management situations. Underlying all these issues, however, is the problematic relationship between individual and organizational responsibility. In analyzing this fundamental issue, this paper has two objectives: first, to demonstrate (...)
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  38.  77
    Deborah G. Mayo (1992). Did Pearson Reject the Neyman-Pearson Philosophy of Statistics? Synthese 90 (2):233 - 262.
    I document some of the main evidence showing that E. S. Pearson rejected the key features of the behavioral-decision philosophy that became associated with the Neyman-Pearson Theory of statistics (NPT). I argue that NPT principles arose not out of behavioral aims, where the concern is solely with behaving correctly sufficiently often in some long run, but out of the epistemological aim of learning about causes of experimental results (e.g., distinguishing genuine from spurious effects). The view Pearson did (...)
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  39.  3
    M. Eileen Magnello (1998). Karl Pearson's Mathematization of Inheritance: From Ancestral Heredity to Mendelian Genetics (1895–1909). Annals of Science 55 (1):35-94.
    Summary Long-standing claims have been made for nearly the entire twentieth century that the biometrician, Karl Pearson, and his colleague, W. F. R. Weldon, rejected Mendelism as a theory of inheritance. It is shown that at the end of the nineteenth century Pearson considered various theories of inheritance (including Francis Galton's law of ancestral heredity for characters underpinned by continuous variation), and by 1904 he ?accepted the fundamental idea of Mendel? as a theory of inheritance for discontinuous variation. (...)
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  40.  42
    Philip Stratton-Lake (2009). Roger Crisp on Goodness and Reasons. Mind 118 (472):1081-1094.
    Roger Crisp distinguishes a positive and a negative aspect of the buck-passing account of goodness (BPA), and argues that the positive account should be dropped in order to avoid certain problems, in particular, that it implies eliminativism about value. This eliminativism involves what I call an ontological claim, the claim that there is no real property of goodness, and an error theory, the claim that all value talk is false. I argue first that the positive aspect of the (...)
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  41.  4
    B. Norton (1975). Metaphysics and Population Genetics: Karl Pearson and the Background to Fisher's Multi-Factorial Theory of Inheritance. Annals of Science 32 (6):537-553.
    This paper traces the background to R. A. Fisher's multi-factorial theory of inheritance. It is argued that the traditional account is incomplete, and that Karl Pearson's well-known pre-Fisherian objections to the theory were in fact overcome by Pearson himself. It is further argued that Pearson's stated reasons for not accepting his own achievement has to be seen as a rationalization, standing in for deeper-seated metaphysical objections to the Mendelian paradigm of a type not readily discussed in a (...)
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  42.  35
    Peggy Wang (2013). Xu Bing and Contemporary Chinese Art: Cultural and Philosophical Reflections Ed. By Hsingyuan Tsao and Roger T. Ames (Review). Philosophy East and West 63 (3):446-448.
    Xu Bing ranks among the most recognized contemporary Chinese artists in the world today. His lifelong interest in word and image paired with his experiences as part of the Chinese diaspora have made him the subject of numerous publications dedicated to exploring culture and communication. With Xu Bing and Contemporary Chinese Art, editors Hsingyuan Tsao and Roger T. Ames bring a welcome addition to this corpus. Compiling seven essays from scholars of art history and philosophy, this volume in (...)
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  43.  40
    Johannes Lenhard (2006). Models and Statistical Inference: The Controversy Between Fisher and Neyman–Pearson. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):69-91.
    The main thesis of the paper is that in the case of modern statistics, the differences between the various concepts of models were the key to its formative controversies. The mathematical theory of statistical inference was mainly developed by Ronald A. Fisher, Jerzy Neyman, and Egon S. Pearson. Fisher on the one side and Neyman–Pearson on the other were involved often in a polemic controversy. The common view is that Neyman and Pearson made Fisher's account more stringent (...)
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  44.  16
    Teresa M. Bejan (2011). 'The Bond of Civility': Roger Williams on Toleration and its Limits. History of European Ideas 37 (4):409-420.
    In this article, I examine the meaning of the concept of ?civility? for Roger Williams and the role it played in his arguments for religious toleration. I place his concern with civility in the broader context of his life and works and show how it differed from the missionary and civilizing efforts of his fellow New English among the American Indians. For Williams, civility represented a standard of inclusion in the civil community that was ?essentially distinct? from Christianity, (...)
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  45.  16
    R. Saage (2012). Fascism – Revolutionary Departure to an Alternative Modernity? A Response to Roger Griffin's 'Exploding the Continuum of History'. European Journal of Political Theory 11 (4):426-437.
    If one looks at the controversial premises of analytical approaches to fascism according to Roger Griffin, it is not surprising that a yawning distance has opened up between Marxist and non-Marxist schools of interpretation. In this situation whereby two camps are mutually ignorant of one another, it is certainly suggestive that the liberal British theoretician of fascism should put himself forward to play the role of a ‘mediator’, even if he faces the danger of significant criticism from both (...)
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  46.  63
    Jussi Suikkanen (2007). Reasons and the Good – Roger Crisp. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 57 (228):503–505.
    This paper is a short review of Roger Crisp's book Reasons and the Good.
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  47.  19
    Deborah G. Mayo (1981). In Defense of the Neyman-Pearson Theory of Confidence Intervals. Philosophy of Science 48 (2):269-280.
    In Philosophical Problems of Statistical Inference, Seidenfeld argues that the Neyman-Pearson (NP) theory of confidence intervals is inadequate for a theory of inductive inference because, for a given situation, the 'best' NP confidence interval, [CIλ], sometimes yields intervals which are trivial (i.e., tautologous). I argue that (1) Seidenfeld's criticism of trivial intervals is based upon illegitimately interpreting confidence levels as measures of final precision; (2) for the situation which Seidenfeld considers, the 'best' NP confidence interval is not [CIλ] as (...)
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  48.  14
    María G. Navarro (2011). Critical Notice of 'The Uses of Pessimism' by Roger Scruton. [REVIEW] Metapsychology. Online Reviews 15 (15).
    The thesis put forward by the British philosopher, Roger Scruton (born 1944) in The Uses of Pessimism seems simple: false hope together with an optimism that is unfounded and unscrupulous are the cause of the most harmful conflicts of our times. Political conflicts, institutional and financial crises, unjustified pedagogic notions, non-consensual town planning, etc., are some of the issues that the author analyses with the help of specific historical examples. Before referring to some of these issues, I shall (...)
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  49.  11
    Robert Northcott (2005). Pearson's Wrong Turning: Against Statistical Measures of Causal Efficacy. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):900-912.
    Standard statistical measures of strength of association, although pioneered by Pearson deliberately to be acausal, nowadays are routinely used to measure causal efficacy. But their acausal origins have left them ill suited to this latter purpose. I distinguish between two different conceptions of causal efficacy, and argue that: 1) Both conceptions can be useful 2) The statistical measures only attempt to capture the first of them 3) They are not fully successful even at this 4) An alternative definition more (...)
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  50.  53
    Aaron Sloman (1992). The Emperor's Real Mind -- Review of Roger Penrose's The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers Minds and the Laws of Physics. Artificial Intelligence 56 (2-3):355-396.
    "The Emperor's New Mind" by Roger Penrose has received a great deal of both praise and criticism. This review discusses philosophical aspects of the book that form an attack on the "strong" AI thesis. Eight different versions of this thesis are distinguished, and sources of ambiguity diagnosed, including different requirements for relationships between program and behaviour. Excessively strong versions attacked by Penrose (and Searle) are not worth defending or attacking, whereas weaker versions remain problematic. Penrose (like Searle) regards the (...)
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