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  1. Roger Sansom (2014). What Are the Implications of Evolvable Molecules? Biology and Philosophy 29 (3):425-432.
    James Shapiro’s view of evolution is inspired by looking at the molecular mechanisms of mutation. Finding these systems to be intelligent and the mutations non-gradual, Shapiro concludes that neither the role of DNA in development, nor and the role of natural selection in evolution are what we thought them to be. The cases discussed are interesting and may require some modification of theory in biology, but this reviewer finds many of Shapiro’s conclusions unwarranted.
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  2. Roger Sansom (2011). Auxiliary Hypotheses in Evidence and Evolution. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (3):673-682.
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  3. Roger Sansom (2009). The Nature of Developmental Constraints and the Difference-Maker Argument for Externalism. Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):441-459.
    One current version of the internalism/externalism debate in evolutionary theory focuses on the relative importance of developmental constraints in evolutionary explanation. The received view of developmental constraints sees them as an internalist concept that tend to be shared across related species as opposed to selective pressures that are not. Thus, to the extent that constraints can explain anything, they can better explain similarity across species, while natural selection is better able to explain their differences. I challenge both of these aspects (...)
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  4. Roger Sansom (2009). The Nature of Constraints. In Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Form and Function in Developmental Evolution. Cambridge University Press. 201.
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  5. Roger Sansom (2008). Countering Kauffman with Connectionism: Two Views of Gene Regulation and the Fundamental Nature of Ontogeny. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (2):169-200.
    Understanding the operation and evolution of gene regulation networks is critical to understanding ontogeny and evolution. According to Stuart Kauffman's view, (1) each cell type cycles through its own repeated pattern of gene expression, (2) the order of ontogeny is dependent on these cycles being short, and (3) evolution is possible because these cycles mutate gradually. This view of gene regulation reflects Kauffman's view that ontogeny is fundamentally the process of cells repeating cycles of activity. I criticize Kauffman's view of (...)
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  6. Roger Sansom (2008). The Connectionist Framework for Gene Regulation. Biology and Philosophy 23 (4):475-491.
    I show that gene regulation networks are qualitatively consistent and therefore sufficiently similar to linearly seperable connectionist networks to warrant that the connectionist framework be applied to gene regulation. On this view, natural selection designs gene regulation networks to overcome the difficulty of development. I offer some general lessons about their evolvability that can be learned by examining the generic features of connectionist networks.
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  7. Roger Sansom (2003). Constraining the Adaptationism Debate. Biology and Philosophy 18 (4):493-512.
    This contribution to the adaptationism debate elaborates the nature of constraints and their importance in evolutionary explanation and argues that the adaptationism debate should be limited to the issue of how to privilege causes in evolutionary explanation. I argue that adaptationist explanations are deeply conceptually dependent on developmental constraints, and explanations that appeal to constraints are dependant on the results of natural selection. I suggest these explanations should be integrated into the framework of historical causal explanation. Each strategy explicitly appeals (...)
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  8. Roger Sansom (2003). Now, Would Each Group Please Select a Religion. Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):743-750.
  9. Roger Sansom (1999). Books and Software Reviews-Unto Others the Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Complexity 5 (2):33-34.
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  10. Roger Sansom (1999). Unto Others The Evolution And Psychology of Unselfish Behavior by Elliot Sober and David Sloan Wilson. Complexity 5 (2):33-35.
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  11. Arthur C. Graesser, Cheryl A. Bowers, Tom Trabasso, Brian Harvey, Sunil Cherian, Wade O. Troxell, Timothy Joseph day, Robert M. French, Roger Sansom, Kenneth Aizawa, David Shier, Yakir Levin & Nicholas Power (1996). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (3).