Search results for 'Roland Grabner' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Daniel Ansari, Bert de Smedt & Roland Grabner (2012). Neuroeducation–a Critical Overview of an Emerging Field. Neuroethics 5 (2):105-117.score: 480.0
    Abstract In the present article, we provide a critical overview of the emerging field of ‘neuroeducation’ also frequently referred to as ‘mind, brain and education’ or ‘educational neuroscience’. We describe the growing energy behind linking education and neuroscience in an effort to improve learning and instruction. We explore reasons behind such drives for interdisciplinary research. Reviewing some of the key advances in neuroscientific studies that have come to bear on neuroeducation, we discuss recent evidence on the brain circuits underlying reading, (...)
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  2. [deleted]Tobias U. Hauser, Stephanie Rotzer, Roland H. Grabner, Susan Mérillat & Lutz Jäncke (2013). Enhancing Performance in Numerical Magnitude Processing and Mental Arithmetic Using Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 240.0
    The ability to accurately process numerical magnitudes and solve mental arithmetic is of highest importance for schooling and professional career. Although impairments in these domains in disorders such as developmental dyscalculia (DD) are highly detrimental, remediation is still sparse. In recent years, transcranial brain stimulation methods such as transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) have been suggested as a treatment for various neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders. The posterior parietal cortex (PPC) is known to be crucially involved in numerical magnitude processing and (...)
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  3. [deleted]Alexander Geissler, Florian PhS Fischmeister, Günther Grabner, Moritz Wurnig, Jakob Rath, Thomas Foki, Eva Matt, Siegfried Trattnig, Roland Beisteiner & Simon Daniel Robinson (2013). Comparing the Microvascular Specificity of the 3- and 7-T BOLD Response Using ICA and Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 240.0
    In functional MRI it is desirable for the blood-oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal to be localized to the tissue containing activated neurons rather than the veins draining that tissue. This study addresses the dependence of the specificity of the BOLD signal – the relative contribution of the BOLD signal arising from tissue compared to venous vessels – on magnetic field strength. To date, studies of specificity have been based on models or indirect measures of BOLD sensitivity such as signal to (...)
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  4. [deleted]Roland H. Grabner, Gernot Reishofer, Karl Koschutnig & Franz Ebner (2011). Brain Correlates of Mathematical Competence in Processing Mathematical Representations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 240.0
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  5. Roland H. Grabner (2009). Expertise in Symbol-Referent Mapping. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):338-339.score: 240.0
    Much evidence cited by Cohen Kadosh & Walsh (CK&W) in support of their notation-specific representation hypothesis is based on tasks requiring automatic number processing. Several of these findings can be alternatively explained by differential expertise in mapping numerical symbols onto semantic magnitude representations. The importance of considering symbol-referent mapping expertise in theories on numerical representations is highlighted.
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  6. Alan Roland (1996). Cultural Pluralism and Psychoanalysis: The Asian and North American Experience. Routledge.score: 60.0
    The influence of culture and sociohistorical change on all aspects of the psyche and on psychoanalytic theory is the missing dimension in psychoanalysis. This dimension is especially relevant to clinicians in the mental health field--whether psychoanalyst, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker or marriage counselor--to enable them to understand what is at stake in working with those from various Asian cultures in North America and European societies. It is even more relevant than most clinicians realize to working with those from one's own (...)
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  7. Cornelia Gräbner & David Wood, Introduction: Poetics of Resistance.score: 60.0
    The following text provides a conceptual and theoretical introduction to a collection of essays written by members of the multidisciplinary network of scholars, artists and cultural producers named ‘Poetics of Resistance’, which seeks to analyse and encourage discussion of the relationships between creativity, culture and political resistance, in the context of neoliberal globalization. The introduction also provides a critical glossary of a set of loosely interlinking keywords, following Raymond Williams, that mark points of encounter and departure between the approaches of (...)
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  8. Jeffrey Roland & Jon Cogburn (2011). Anti-Luck Epistemologies and Necessary Truths. Philosophia 39 (3):547-561.score: 30.0
    That believing truly as a matter of luck does not generally constitute knowing has become epistemic commonplace. Accounts of knowledge incorporating this anti-luck idea frequently rely on one or another of a safety or sensitivity condition. Sensitivity-based accounts of knowledge have a well-known problem with necessary truths, to wit, that any believed necessary truth trivially counts as knowledge on such accounts. In this paper, we argue that safety-based accounts similarly trivialize knowledge of necessary truths and that two ways of responding (...)
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  9. Jeffrey W. Roland (2009). On Naturalizing the Epistemology of Mathematics. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (1):63-97.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I consider an argument for the claim that any satisfactory epistemology of mathematics will violate core tenets of naturalism, i.e. that mathematics cannot be naturalized. I find little reason for optimism that the argument can be effectively answered.
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  10. Jeffrey W. Roland (2009). A Euthyphronic Problem for Kitcher's Epistemology of Science. Southern Journal of Philosophy 47 (2):205-223.score: 30.0
    Philip Kitcher has advanced an epistemology of science that purports to be naturalistic. For Kitcher, this entails that his epistemology of science must explain the correctness of belief-regulating norms while endorsing a realist notion of truth. This paper concerns whether or not Kitcher's epistemology of science is naturalistic on these terms. I find that it is not but that by supplementing the account we can secure its naturalistic standing.
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  11. Jeffrey W. Roland (2008). Kitcher, Mathematics, and Naturalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):481 – 497.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that Philip Kitcher's epistemology of mathematics, codified in his Naturalistic Constructivism, is not naturalistic on Kitcher's own conception of naturalism. Kitcher's conception of naturalism is committed to (i) explaining the correctness of belief-regulating norms and (ii) a realist notion of truth. Naturalistic Constructivism is unable to simultaneously meet both of these commitments.
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  12. Jon Cogburn & Jeffrey W. Roland (2012). Strong, Therefore Sensitive: Misgivings About DeRose's Contextualism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 85 (1):237-253.score: 30.0
    According to an influential contextualist solution to skepticism advanced by Keith DeRose, denials of skeptical hypotheses are, in most contexts, strong yet insensitive. The strength of such denials allows for knowledge of them, thus undermining skepticism, while the insensitivity of such denials explains our intuition that we do not know them. In this paper we argue that, under some well-motivated conditions, a negated skeptical hypothesis is strong only if it is sensitive. We also consider how a natural response on behalf (...)
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  13. Jeffrey W. Roland (2007). Maddy and Mathematics: Naturalism or Not. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):423 - 450.score: 30.0
    Penelope Maddy advances a purportedly naturalistic account of mathematical methodology which might be taken to answer the question 'What justifies axioms of set theory?' I argue that her account fails both to adequately answer this question and to be naturalistic. Further, the way in which it fails to answer the question deprives it of an analog to one of the chief attractions of naturalism. Naturalism is attractive to naturalists and nonnaturalists alike because it explains the reliability of scientific practice. Maddy's (...)
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  14. Jeffrey W. Roland (2010). Concept Grounding and Knowledge of Set Theory. Philosophia 38 (1):179-193.score: 30.0
    C. S. Jenkins has recently proposed an account of arithmetical knowledge designed to be realist, empiricist, and apriorist: realist in that what’s the case in arithmetic doesn’t rely on us being any particular way; empiricist in that arithmetic knowledge crucially depends on the senses; and apriorist in that it accommodates the time-honored judgment that there is something special about arithmetical knowledge, something we have historically labeled with ‘a priori’. I’m here concerned with the prospects for extending Jenkins’s account beyond arithmetic—in (...)
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  15. Jeffrey W. Roland (2008). Kitcher and the Obsessive Unifier. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (2):493-506.score: 30.0
    Philip Kitcher's account of scientific progress incorporates a conception of explanatory unification that invites the so-called 'obsessive unifier' worry, to wit, that in our drive to unify the phenomena we might impose artificial structure on the world and consequently produce an incorrect view of how things, in fact, are. I argue that Kitcher's attempt to address this worry is unsatisfactory because it relies on an ability to choose between rival patterns of explanation which itself rests on the relevant choice having (...)
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  16. Constance E. Roland & Richard M. Foxx (2003). Self-Respect: A Neglected Concept. Philosophical Psychology 16 (2):247 – 288.score: 30.0
    Although neglected by psychology, self-respect has been an integral part of philosophical discussion since Aristotle and continues to be a central issue in contemporary moral philosophy. Within this tradition, self-respect is considered to be based on one's capacity for rationality and leads to behaviors that promote autonomy, such as independence, self-control and tenacity. Self-respect elicits behaviors that one should be treated with respect and requires the development and pursuit of personal standards and life plans that are guided by respect for (...)
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  17. Jane Roland (1958). On "Knowing How" and "Knowing That". Philosophical Review 67 (3):379-388.score: 30.0
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  18. Jon Cogburn & Jeffrey W. Roland (2013). Safety and the True–True Problem. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (2):246-267.score: 30.0
    Standard accounts of semantics for counterfactuals confront the true–true problem: when the antecedent and consequent of a counterfactual are both actually true, the counterfactual is automatically true. This problem presents a challenge to safety-based accounts of knowledge. In this paper, drawing on work by Angelika Kratzer, Alan Penczek, and Duncan Pritchard, we propose a revised understanding of semantics for counterfactuals utilizing machinery from generalized quantifier theory which enables safety theorists to meet the challenge of the true–true problem.
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  19. J. W. Roland (2013). Mathematics and Reality, by Mary Leng. Mind 122 (485):297-302.score: 30.0
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  20. [deleted]Jarod L. Md Roland, Carl D. Bs Hacker, Jonathan D. Md Breshears, Charles M. PhD Gaona, R. Edward Md Hogan, Harold Burton, Maurizio Md Corbetta & Eric C. Md Leuthardt (2013). Brain Mapping in a Patient with Congenital Blindness – A Case for Multimodal Approaches. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
    Recent advances in basic neuroscience research across a wide range of methodologies have contributed significantly to our understanding of human cortical electrophysiology and functional brain imaging. Translation of this research into clinical neurosurgery has opened doors for advanced mapping of functionality that previously was prohibitively difficult, if not impossible. Here we present the case of a unique individual with congenital blindness and medically refractory epilepsy who underwent neurosurgical treatment of her seizures. Pre-operative evaluation presented the challenge of accurately and robustly (...)
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  21. Bonnie Sibbald & Martin Roland (1997). Getting Research Into Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (1):15-21.score: 30.0
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  22. Jeff Jordan & Gwen Roland (2009). Daniel Imhoff and Jo Ann Baumgartner (Eds.): Farming and the Fate of Wild Nature: Essays in Conservation-Based Agriculture. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 26 (1-2):145-146.score: 30.0
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  23. Mayer Roland (1999). James Morwood (Ed.): A Dictionary of Latin Words and Phrases . Pp.Xiv + 224. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Paper, £6.99. ISBN: 0-19-860109-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 49 (02):597-.score: 30.0
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  24. Alan Roland (2011). Journeys to Foreign Selves: Asians and Asian Americans in a Global Era. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Drawing upon author's long-term psychoanalytical practice, research, and actual clinical data, this book examines the psychological ramifications of transnational immigration to Western countries and the continued influence of indigenous cultures on South Asian Diaspora. It explores new ways of understanding the psyche of migrants from the diverse cultures of South Asia and the universal norms applied in Western practice. To this end it embraces and critiques the categories that are more specific to this region, such as the magic-cosmic world of (...)
     
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  25. Jeffrey W. Roland (2013). Maddy, Penelope, Defending the Axioms. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):809-812.score: 30.0
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  26. Jeffrey W. Roland (2013). On Naturalism in the Quinean Tradition. In Matthew C. Haug (ed.), Philosophical Methodology: The Armchair or the Laboratory. Routledge.score: 30.0
     
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  27. Alan Roland (1982). Toward a Psychoanalytical Psychology of Hierarchical Relationships in Hindu India. Ethos 10 (3):232-253.score: 30.0
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  28. Alan Roland (2005). The Spiritual Self and Psychopathology : Theoretical Reflections and Clinical Observations. In Ashok Vohra, Arvind Sharma & Mrinal Miri (eds.), Dharma, the Categorial Imperative. D.K. Printworld. 192.score: 30.0
  29. S. J. Teske & Rev Roland (2008). Augustine's Inversion of 1 John 4:8. Augustinian Studies 39 (1):49-60.score: 30.0
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  30. Ajay Thapar, Alan Richens, Martin Roland, Ann Jacoby, Ian Russell, Chris Roberts, Elaine Porter & Sonya Wall (2001). Are Serum Anticonvulsant Levels in People with Epilepsy Appropriately Monitored? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (3):335-338.score: 30.0
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  31. Hans-Christoph Nuerk Liane Kaufmann, Michèle M. Mazzocco, Ann Dowker, Michael von Aster, Silke M. Göbel, Roland H. Grabner, Avishai Henik, Nancy C. Jordan, Annette D. Karmiloff-Smith, Karin Kucian, Orly Rubinsten, Denes Szucs, Ruth Shalev (2013). Dyscalculia From a Developmental and Differential Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Dyscalculia from a developmental and differential perspective.
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  32. [deleted]Franz Ebner Roland H. Grabner, Gernot Reishofer, Karl Koschutnig (2011). Brain Correlates of Mathematical Competence in Processing Mathematical Representations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 24.0
    The ability to extract numerical information from different representation formats (e.g., equations, tables, or diagrams) is a key component of mathematical competence but little is known about its neural correlate. Previous studies comparing mathematically less and more competent adults have focused on mental arithmetic and reported differences in left angular gyrus activity which were interpreted to reflect differential reliance on arithmetic fact retrieval during problem solving. The aim of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was to investigate the (...)
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  33. Bert De Smedt Roland H. Grabner (2012). Oscillatory EEG Correlates of Arithmetic Strategies: A Training Study. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    There has been a long tradition of research on mathematics education showing that children and adults use different strategies to solve arithmetic problems. Neurophysiological studies have recently begun to investigate the brain correlates of these strategies. The existing body of data, however, reflect static end points of the learning process and do not provide information on how brain activity changes in response to training or intervention. In this study, we explicitly address this issue by training participants in using fact retrieval (...)
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  34. Leonard J. Waks & Jane Roland Martin (2007). Encounter: The Educational Metamorphoses of Jane Roland Martin. Education and Culture 23 (1):73-83.score: 18.0
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  35. Annette Lavers (1982). Roland Barthes, Structuralism and After. Methuen.score: 18.0
    1 Where to begin? 'Life and times' Roland Barthes is generally acknowledged, even by those not conversant with his books, as one of the leading figures of ...
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  36. Thomas J. Armbrecht (2014). Performance Degree Zero: Roland Barthes and the Theatre by Timothy Scheie (Review). Substance 43 (2):207-211.score: 18.0
    Timothy Scheie’s book on the importance of the theatre in Roland Barthes’ oeuvre begins with what Scheie poses as an enigma: Barthes wrote frequently of the theatre at the beginning of his career and then ceased to do so, without comment, after 1960. Scheie argues that Barthes’ abandonment of the theatre reveals something important about the development of his thoughts and even about his life. Scheie also considers Barthes’ early theatrical criticism and later use of theatrical metaphors to be (...)
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  37. Chiara Piazzesi (2011). La Solitude du Discours Amoureux Aujourd'hui. Réflexions À Partir de Roland Barthes Et Une Critique. Phaenex 6 (2):131-162.score: 18.0
    L’article offre une discussion de l’affirmation qui ouvrait en 1977 les Fragments d’un discours amoureux de Roland Barthes, selon laquelle le discours amoureux se trouvait dans une condition d’extrême solitude. Afin de comprendre cette affirmation, on commence par un aperçu des caractéristiques du discours amoureux, pour montrer en quelle mesure son incohérence et sa fragmentation lui sont constitutives. Ensuite, on analyse le projet barthésien de restituer une dignité à ce discours et à l’expérience qu’il véhicule — de le soustraire (...)
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  38. Roland Barthes (2007). U9 Roland Barthes. In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. 149.score: 18.0
     
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  39. Roland A. Champagne (1999). Roland Barthes the Pianist: The Mediation of His Music ('Barthes and Utopia':'Space, Travel, Writing'by Diana Knight). Semiotica 123 (3-4):357-366.score: 18.0
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  40. Laurent Le Bon & Huesca (2013). Propos autour du catalogue d'expo…. Entretien avec Roland Huesca. le Portique 30 (30).score: 18.0
    Laurent Le Bon, directeur du Centre Pompidou-Metz, dévoile au cours d’un entretien avec Roland Huesca l’histoire, les atours et les enjeux de l’écriture de plusieurs catalogues d’expositions : à l’affiche Dada, Chefs-d’œuvre ?..
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  41. Roland Barthes'literal Ideographism (2007). Looking Through Script: Roland Barthes'literal Ideographism Birgit Mersmann. In Karin Leonhard & Silke Horstkotte (eds.), Seeing Perception. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.score: 18.0
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  42. Roland J. Teske, Richard C. Taylor, David Twetten & Michael J. Wreen (eds.) (2011). Tolle Lege: Essays on Augustine and on Medieval Philosophy in Honor of Roland J. Teske, Sj. Marquette University Press.score: 18.0
     
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  43. Bernardo Carlos Bazán (1979). Enquête sur les 219 Articles Condamnés À Paris le 7 Mars 1277. Par Roland Hisette. (Philosophes médiévaux, XXII). Louvain, 1977. 340 pp. [REVIEW] Dialogue 18 (04):579-584.score: 15.0
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  44. Nicole Edelman (2005). Flora Tristan, la paria et son rêve, correspondance établie par Stéphane MICHAUD, Fontenay / Saint-Cloud, E. N. S. Editions, 1995, 302 p. ; Flora Tristan, George Sand, Pauline Roland, les femmes et l'invention d'une nouvelle morale, textes réunis par Stéphane MICHAUD, Paris, Créaphis, 1994, 110 p. [REVIEW] Clio 3.score: 15.0
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  45. Mary E. Hawkesworth (1982). Book Review:Nomos XXII: Property. J. Roland Pennock, John W. Chapman. [REVIEW] Ethics 93 (1):166-.score: 15.0
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  46. J. C. Walker & M. A. O'Loughlin (1984). The Ideal of the Educated Woman: Jane Roland Martin on Education and Gender. Educational Theory 34 (4):327-340.score: 15.0
  47. R. E. Wycherley (1977). Roland Martin: L'Urbanisme dans la Grèce antique, seconde édition augmentée. Pp. 351; 32 plates, 75 text figures. Paris: A. & J. Picard & Cie., 1974. Paper, 135 frs. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (02):311-312.score: 15.0
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  48. Andrea Kathryn Talentino (2010). New Perspectives on Liberal Peacebuilding - Edited by Edward Newman, Roland Paris, and Oliver P. Richmond. Ethics and International Affairs 24 (3):337-339.score: 15.0
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  49. Carole Pateman (1986). Problems of Liberalism:Nomos XXV: Liberal Democracy. J. Roland Pennock, John W. Chapman. Ethics 96 (2):375-.score: 15.0
  50. David Braybrooke (1982). The Possibilities of Compromise:Nomos XXI: Compromise in Ethics, Law, and Politics. J. Roland Pennock, John W. Chapman. Ethics 93 (1):139-.score: 15.0
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