Search results for 'Ronald E. Laymon' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ronald E. Laymon & Peter K. Machamer (1970). Personal Decisions and Universalizability. Mind 79 (315):425-426.score: 290.0
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  2. Ronald E. Laymon (1988). Some Computers Can Add (Even If the IBM 1620 Couldn't): Defending Eniac's Accumulators Against Dretske. Behaviorism 16:1-16.score: 290.0
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  3. Ronald Laymon (1980). Idealization, Explanation, and Confirmation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:336 - 350.score: 150.0
    The use of idealizations and approximations in scientific explanations poses a problem for traditional philosophical theories of confirmation since, strictly speaking, these sorts of statements are false. Furthermore, in several central cases in the history of science, theoretical predictions seen as confirmatory are not, in any usual sense, even approximately true. As a means of eliminating the puzzling nature of these cases, two theses are proposed. First, explanations consist of idealized deductive-nomological sketches plus what are called modal auxiliaries, i.e., arguments (...)
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  4. Ronald Laymon (1978). Newton's Bucket Experiment. Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (4):399--413.score: 120.0
  5. Ronald Laymon (1989). Cartwright and the Lying Laws of Physics. Journal of Philosophy 86 (7):353-372.score: 120.0
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  6. Ronald Laymon (1995). Experimentation and the Legitimacy of Idealization. Philosophical Studies 77 (2-3):353 - 375.score: 120.0
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  7. Ronald Laymon (1978). Newton's Experimentum Crucis and the Logic of Idealization and Theory Refutation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (1):51-77.score: 120.0
  8. Ronald Laymon (1977). Feyerabend, Brownian Motion, and the Hiddenness of Refuting Facts. Philosophy of Science 44 (2):225-247.score: 120.0
    In this paper, I will develop a nontrivial interpretation of Feyerabend's concept of a hidden anomalous fact. Feyerabend's claim is that some anomalous facts will remain hidden in the absence of alternatives to the theories to be tested. The case of Brownian motion is given by Feyerabend to support this claim. The essential scientific difficulty in this case was the justification of correct and relevant descriptions of Brownian motion. These descriptions could not be simply determined from the available observational data. (...)
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  9. Ronald Laymon (1989). Applying Idealized Scientific Theories to Engineering. Synthese 81 (3):353 - 371.score: 120.0
    The problem for the scientist created by using idealizations is to determine whether failures to achieve experimental fit are attributable to experimental error, falsity of theory, or of idealization. Even in the rare case when experimental fit within experimental error is achieved, the scientist must determine whether this is so because of a true theory and fortuitously canceling idealizations, or due to a fortuitous combination of false theory and false idealizations. For the engineer, the problem seems rather different. Experiment for (...)
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  10. Ronald Laymon (1993). The Computational and Confirmational Differences Between the Social and the Physical Sciences. Philosophia 22 (3-4):241-273.score: 120.0
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  11. Ronald Laymon (1990). Computer Simulations, Idealizations and Approximations. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:519 - 534.score: 120.0
    It's uncontroversial that notions of idealization and approximation are central to understanding computer simulations and their rationale. What's not so clear is what exactly these notions come to. Two distinct forms of approximation will be distinguished and their features contrasted with those of idealizations. These distinctions will be refined and closely tied to computer simulations by means of Scott-Strachey denotational programming semantics. The use of this sort of semantics also provides a convenient format for argumentation in favor of several theses (...)
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  12. Ronald Laymon (1994). Demonstrative Induction, Old and New Evidence and the Accuracy of the Electrostatic Inverse Square Law. Synthese 99 (1):23 - 58.score: 120.0
    Maxwell claimed that the electrostatic inverse square law could be deduced from Cavendish's spherical condenser experiment. This is true only if the accuracy claims made by Cavendish and Maxwell are ignored, for both used the inverse square law as a premise in their analyses of experimental accuracy. By so doing, they assumed the very law the accuracy of which the Cavendish experiment was supposed to test. This paper attempts to make rational sense of this apparently circular procedure and to relate (...)
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  13. Ronald Laymon (1980). Independent Testability: The Michelson-Morley and Kennedy-Thorndike Experiments. Philosophy of Science 47 (1):1-37.score: 120.0
    Grunbaum has argued that the Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis is not ad hoc since the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment can be used to provide a test that is significantly different from that provided by the Michelson-Morley experiment. In the first part of the paper, I show that the differences claimed by Grunbaum to hold between these two experiments are not sufficient for establishing independent testability. A dilemma is developed: either the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment, because of experimental realities, cannot test the uncontracted Fresnel aether theory, (...)
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  14. Ronald Laymon (1987). Using Scott Domains to Explicate the Notions of Approximate and Idealized Data. Philosophy of Science 54 (2):194-221.score: 120.0
    This paper utilizes Scott domains (continuous lattices) to provide a mathematical model for the use of idealized and approximately true data in the testing of scientific theories. Key episodes from the history of science can be understood in terms of this model as attempts to demonstrate that theories are monotonic, that is, yield better predictions when fed better or more realistic data. However, as we show, monotonicity and truth of theories are independent notions. A formal description is given of the (...)
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  15. Ronald Laymon (1994). Defenses Against Charges of Artistic Failure: Some Legal Analogies. Philosophical Studies 73 (2-3):239 - 256.score: 120.0
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  16. Ronald Laymon (1982). Independent Testability and Experimental Type: Response to Erlichson. Philosophy of Science 49 (2):274-281.score: 120.0
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  17. Ronald Laymon (1981). Making Decisions. Teaching Philosophy 4 (2):191-193.score: 120.0
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  18. Ronald Laymon (1982). Scientific Realism and the Hierarchical Counterfactual Path From Data to Theory. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:107 - 121.score: 120.0
    Using the Schwarzschild calculation of the Relativistic bending of starlight near the sun as an illustration, it is shown that the relationship between theory and data requires a hierarchy of structures of different logical type. An essential feature of this hierarchy is the use of idealizations and approximate truths. On the basis of a counterfactual analysis of these concepts, it is shown that confirmation is possible even though statistical measures of goodness of fit are not satisfied. The consequences of this (...)
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  19. Ronald Laymon (1976). The Michelson-Morley Experiment: Descriptive Dependence on to-Be-Tested Theories. In Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.), Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press. 436--64.score: 120.0
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  20. Ronald Laymon (1984). The Path From Data to Theory. In J. Leplin (ed.), Scientific Realism. University of California. 108--123.score: 120.0
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  21. Ronald Laymon (1978). Book Review:Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences Colin Howson. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 45 (2):318-.score: 120.0
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  22. Spyridon George Couvalis (1988). Feyerabend and Laymon on Brownian Motion. Philosophy of Science 55 (3):415-421.score: 21.0
    In this paper, I will defend Paul Feyerabend's claim--that there are some scientific theories that cannot be refuted unless one of their rivals is first confirmed--by criticizing Ronald Laymon's well-known attack on Feyerabend's claim. In particular, I will argue both that the Second Law of Thermodynamics was not refuted before the Kinetic Theory's predictions were confirmed, and that it could not have been refuted without the confirmation of the remarkable predictions of some rival theory.
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