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Ronald Sandler [29]Ronald L. Sandler [3]
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Profile: Ronald Sandler (Northeastern University)
  1. John Basl & Ronald Sandler (2013). The Good of Non-Sentient Entities: Organisms, Artifacts, and Synthetic Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):697-705.
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  2. Ronald L. Sandler (2013). Climate Change and Ecosystem Management. Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (1):1-15.
    This article addresses the implications of rapid and uncertain ecological change, and global climate change in particular, for reserve oriented and restoration oriented ecosystem management. I argue for the following conclusions: (1) rapid and uncertain ecological change undermines traditional justifications for reserve oriented and restoration oriented ecosystem management strategies; (2) it requires rethinking ecosystem management goals, not just developing novel strategies (such as assisted colonization) to accomplish traditional goals; (3) species preservation ought to be deemphasized as an ecosystem management goal; (...)
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  3. Albert Borgmann, Holly Jean Buck, Wylie Carr, Forrest Clingerman, Maialen Galarraga, Benjamin Hale, Marion Hourdequin, Ashley Mercer, Konrad Ott, Clare Palmer, Ronald Sandler, Patrick Taylor Smith, Bronislaw Szerszynski & Kyle Powys Whyte (2012). Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management. Lexington Books.
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  4. Ronald Sandler (2012). Is Artefactualness a Value-Relevant Property of Living Things? Synthese 185 (1):89-102.
    Artefacts are often regarded as being mere things that possess only instrumental value. In contrast, living entities (or some subset of them) are often regarded as possessing some form of intrinsic (or non-instrumental) value. Moreover, in some cases they are thought to possess such value precisely because they are natural (i.e., non-artefactual). However, living artefacts are certainly possible, and they may soon be actual. It is therefore necessary to consider whether such entities should be regarded as mere things (like most (...)
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  5. Ronald Sandler (2012). The Value of Artefactual Organisms. Environmental Values 21 (1):43 - 61.
    Synthetic biology makes use of genetic and other materials derived from modern biological life forms to design and construct novel synthetic organisms. Artificial organisms are not constructed from parts of existing biological organisms, but from non-biological materials. Artificial and synthetic organisms are artefactual organisms. Here we are concerned with the non-instrumental value of such organisms. More specifically, we are concerned with the extent to which artefactual organisms have natural value, inherent worth and intrinsic value. Our conclusions are largely supportive of (...)
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  6. Ronald L. Sandler (2012). The Ethics of Species. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. The value of species; 3. The conservation biology dilemma; 4. Assisted colonization; 5. Shifting goals and changing strategies; 6. The (in)significance of species boundaries; 7. Homo sapiens in particular; 8. Artifactual species; 9. Conclusion.
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  7. Judith K. Crane & Ronald Sandler (2011). 13 Species Concepts and Natural Goodness. In Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Matthew H. Slater (eds.), Carving Nature at its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science. Mit Press. 289.
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  8. Ronald Sandler (2011). Beware of Averages: A Response to John Nolt's 'How Harmful Are the Average American's Greenhouse Gas Emissions?'. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (1):31-33.
  9. John Basl & Ronald Sandler (2010). Transhumanism, Human Dignity, and Moral Status. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):63-66.
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  10. Ronald Sandler (2010). Ethical Theory and the Problem of Inconsequentialism: Why Environmental Ethicists Should Be Virtue-Oriented Ethicists. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):167-183.
    Many environmental problems are longitudinal collective action problems. They arise from the cumulative unintended effects of a vast amount of seemingly insignificant decisions and actions by individuals who are unknown to each other and distant from each other. Such problems are likely to be effectively addressed only by an enormous number of individuals each making a nearly insignificant contribution to resolving them. However, when a person’s making such a contribution appears to require sacrifice or costs, the problem of inconsequentialism arises: (...)
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  11. Ronald Sandler (2009). Nanomedicine and Nanomedical Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10):16-17.
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  12. Tamara Garcia & Ronald Sandler (2008). Enhancing Justice? Nanoethics 2 (3):277-287.
    This article focuses on the follow question: Are human enhancement technologies likely to be justice impairing or justice promoting? We argue that human enhancement technologies may not be inherently just or unjust, but when situated within obtaining social contexts they are likely to exacerbate rather than alleviate social injustices.
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  13. Katie Mcshane, Allen Thompson & Ronald Sandler (2008). Virtue and Respect for Nature: Ronald Sandler's Character and Environment. Ethics, Place and Environment 11 (2):213 – 235.
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  14. Ronald Sandler (2008). Review of Fritz Allhoff, Patrick Lin, James Moor, and John Weckert, Eds., Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):70-71.
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  15. Ronald Sandler (2006). A Theory of Environmental Virtue. Environmental Ethics 28 (3):247-264.
    If claims about which character traits are environmental virtues are to be more than rhetoric, there must be some basis or standard for evaluation. This naturalistic, teleological, pluralistic, and inclusive account of what makes a character trait an environmental virtue can be such a standard. It is naturalistic because it is consistent with and motivated by scientific naturalism. It is teleological becausecharacter traits are evaluated according to how well they promote certain ends. It is pluralistic because those ends are both (...)
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  16. Ronald Sandler, Philip Cafaro & Jason Kawall (2006). Book Reviews-Environmental Virtue Ethics. Environmental Ethics 28 (4):429.
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  17. Ronald Sandler & Judith Crane (2006). On the Moral Considerability of Homo Sapiens and Other Species. Environmental Values 15 (1):69 - 84.
    It is sometimes claimed that as members of the species Homo sapiens we have a responsibility to promote the good of Homo sapiens itself (distinct from the good of its individual members). Lawrence Johnson has recently defended this claim as part of his approach to resolving the problem of future generations. We show that there are several difficulties with Johnson's argument, many of which are likely to attend any attempt to establish the moral considerability of Homo sapiens or species generally. (...)
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  18. Ronald Sandler & W. D. Kay (2006). The National Nanotechnology Initiative and the Social Good. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):675-681.
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  19. Judith K. Crane & Ronald Sandler (2005). Identity and Distinction in Spinoza's Ethics. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2):188–200.
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  20. Ronald Sandler (2005). Ignorance and Virtue. Philosophical Papers 34 (2):261-272.
    Julia Driver has argued that there is a class of virtues that are compatible with or even require that an agent be ignorant in some respect. In this paper I argue for an alternative conception of the relationship between ignorance and virtue. The dispositions constitutive of virtue must include sensitivity to human limitations and fallibility. In this way the virtues accommodate ignorance, rather than require or promote it. I develop my account by considering two virtues in particular: tolerance (the paradigm (...)
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  21. Ronald Sandler (2005). A Response to Martin Calkins's “How Casuistry and Virtue Ethics Might Break the Ideological Stalemate Troubling Agricultural Biotechnology”. Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (2):319-327.
    Martin Calkins proposes the “combined use of casuistry and virtue ethics as a way for both sides to move ahead on [the] pressing issue [of agricultural biotechnology].” However, his defense of this methodology relies on a set of mistaken, albeit familiar, claims regarding the normative resources of virtue ethics: (1) virtue ethics is egoistic; (2) virtue ethics cannot defend any particular account of the virtues as the objectively correct ones and is therefore inextricably relativistic; (3) virtue ethics cannot supply a (...)
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  22. Ronald Sandler (2005). Book Review:Gregory Pence, Editor, the Ethics of Food: A Reader for the 21st Century. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2002. ISBN: 0-7425-1334-3 (PB). XI + 287 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):85-93.
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  23. Ronald Sandler (2005). Intuitus and Ratio in Spinoza's Ethical Thought. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (1):73 – 90.
    (2005). Intuitus and Ratio in Spinoza's Ethical Thought. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 73-90. doi: 10.1080/0960878042000317591.
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  24. Ronald Sandler (2005). Private Ownership and Common Goods. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):1-2.
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  25. Ronald Sandler (2005). What Makes a Character Trait a Virtue? Journal of Value Inquiry 39 (3-4):383-397.
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  26. Philip Cafaro & Ronald L. Sandler (eds.) (2004). Environmental Virtue Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  27. Ronald Sandler (2004). An Aretaic Objection to Agricultural Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (3):301-317.
    Considerations of virtue and character appear from time to time in the agricultural biotechnology literature. Critics of the technologies often suggest that they are contrary to some virtue (usually humility) or do not fit with the image of ourselves and the human place in the world that we ought to embrace. In this article, I consider the aretaic or virtue-based objection that to engage in agricultural biotechnology is to exhibit arrogance, hubris, and disaffection. In section one, I discuss Gary Comstock's (...)
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  28. Ronald Sandler (2004). On “Aristotle and the Environment”. Environmental Ethics 26 (2):223-224.
  29. Ronald Sandler (2004). Towards an Adequate Environmental Virtue Ethic. Environmental Values 13 (4):477 - 495.
    In this article I consider four concerns regarding the possibility of an environmental virtue ethic functioning as an alternative – rather than a supplement – to more conventional approaches to environmental ethics. The concerns are: (1) it is not possible to provide an objective specification of environmental virtue, (2) an environmental virtue ethic will lack the resources to provide critique of obtaining cultural practices and policies, (3) an environmental virtue ethic will not provide sufficient action-guidance, (4) an environmental virtue ethic (...)
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  30. Ronald Sandler (2003). [Book Review][Vexing Nature?]. [REVIEW] Environmental Values 12 (3):403-405.
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  31. Ronald Sandler (2003). Culture and the Specification of Environmental Virtue. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):63-68.
    One concern about a virtue ethics approach to environmental ethics is that virtue ethics lack the theoretical resources to provide a specification of environmental virtue that does not pander to obtaining cultural practices and conceptions of the human-nature relationship. In this paper I argue that this concern is unfounded.
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  32. Ronald Sandler (2003). The External Goods Approach to Environmental Virtue Ethics. Environmental Ethics 25 (3):279-293.
    If virtue ethics are to provide a legitimate alternative for reasoning about environmental issues, they must meet the same conditions of adequacy as any other environmental ethic. One such condition that most environmental ethicists insist upon is that an adequate environmental ethic provides a theoretical platform for consistent and justified critique of environmentally unsustainable practices and policies. The external goods approach seeks to establish that any genuinely virtuous agent will be disposed to promote ecosystem sustainability on the grounds that ecosystem (...)
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