Search results for 'Rosalind Minsky' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Rosalind Minsky (1996). Psychoanalysis and Gender: An Introductory Reader. Routledge.score: 270.0
    What is object-relations theory and what does it have to do with literary studies? How can Freud's phallocentric theories be applied by feminist critics? In Psychoanalysis and Gender: An Introductory Reader Rosalind Minsky answers these questions and more, offering students a clear, straightforward overview without ever losing them in jargon. In the first section Minsky outlines the fundamentals of the theory, introducing the key thinkers and providing clear commentary. In the second section, the theory is demonstratedn by (...)
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  2. Rosalind Minsky (1998). Psychoanalysis and Culture: Contemporary States of Mind. Rutgers University Press.score: 120.0
  3. Marvin Minsky, Memoir on Inventing the Confocal Scanning Microscope,.score: 60.0
    In this issue, we carry an article which we invited Prof. Marvin Minsky to write about his invention of the confocal scanning microscope. This is not a question of recognizing priority for a scientific insight or discovery. It is much more a question of raising the problem of how it can be possible that such an immensely important idea can go unrecognized for such a very long period. It may possibly be the case that after more research we find (...)
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  4. Marvin L. Minsky, From Pain to Suffering.score: 60.0
    “Great pain urges all animals, and has urged them during endless generations, to make the most violent and diversified efforts to escape from the cause of suffering. Even when a limb or other separate part of the body is hurt, we often see a tendency to shake it, as if to shake off the cause, though this may obviously be impossible.” —Charles Darwin[1].
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  5. Marvin L. Minsky, Minds Are Simply What Brains Do.score: 30.0
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  6. Marvin L. Minsky (2006). Consciousness. In , The Emotion Machine. Simon & Schuster.score: 30.0
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  7. Marvin L. Minsky (1994). Will Robots Inherit the Earth? Scientific American (Oct).score: 30.0
    Everyone wants wisdom and wealth. Nevertheless, our health often gives out before we achieve them. To lengthen our lives, and improve our minds, in the future we will need to change our our bodies and brains. To that end, we first must consider how normal Darwinian evolution brought us to where we are. Then we must imagine ways in which future replacements for worn body parts might solve most problems of failing health. We must then invent strategies to augment our (...)
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  8. Marvin L. Minsky (1991). Conscious Machines. In Machinery of Consciousness.score: 30.0
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  9. Marvin L. Minsky (1982). Why People Think Computers Can't. AI Magazine Fall 1982.score: 30.0
    Most people think computers will never be able to think. That is, really think. Not now or ever. To be sure, most people also agree that computers can do many things that a person would have to be thinking to do. Then how could a machine seem to think but not actually think? Well, setting aside the question of what thinking actually is, I think that most of us would answer that by saying that in these cases, what the computer (...)
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  10. Marvin L. Minsky (1968). Matter, Minds, Models. In , Semantic Information Processing. MIT Press.score: 30.0
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  11. Marvin Minsky, A Framework for Representing Knowledge.score: 30.0
    It seems to me that the ingredients of most theories both in Artificial Intelligence and in Psychology have been on the whole too minute, local, and unstructured to account–either practically or phenomenologically–for the effectiveness of common-sense thought. The "chunks" of reasoning, language, memory, and "perception" ought to be larger and more structured; their factual and procedural contents must be more intimately connected in order to explain the apparent power and speed of mental activities.
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  12. Marvin Minsky, Telepresence.score: 30.0
    You don a comfortable jacket lined with sensors and muscle-like motors. Each motion of your arm, hand, and fingers is reproduced at another place by mobile, mechanical hands. Light, dexterous, and strong, these hands have their own sensors through which you see and feel what is happening. Using this instrument, you can "work" in another room, in another city, in another country, or on another planet. Your remote presence possesses the strength of a giant or the delicacy of a surgeon. (...)
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  13. Marvin L. Minsky, Interior Grounding, Reflection, and Self-Consciousness.score: 30.0
    Some computer programs are expert at some games. Other programs can recognize some words. Yet other programs are highly competent at solving certain technical problems. However, each of those programs is specialized, and no existing program today shows the common sense or resourcefulness of a typical two-year-old child—and certainly, no program can yet understand a typical sentence from a child’s first-grade storybook. Nor can any program today can look around a room and then identify the things that meet its eyes.
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  14. Marvin Minsky, Chapter III. From Pain to Suffering.score: 30.0
    §3-1. Being in Pain................................................................................................ .............................................. 1 §3-2. Why does Persistent Pain lead to Suffering?.......................................................................................... .... 2 §3-3. The Machinery of Suffering........................................................................................... ............................ 4..
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  15. Marvin Minsky, Music, Mind, and Meaning.score: 30.0
    This is a revised version of AI Memo No. 616, MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. An earlier published version appeared in Music, Mind, and Brain: The Neuropsychology of Music (Manfred Clynes, ed.) Plenum, New York, 1981 Why Do We Like Music? Why do we like music? Our culture immerses us in it for hours each day, and everyone knows how it touches our emotions, but few think of how music touches other kinds of thought. It is astonishing how little curiosity we (...)
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  16. Marvin L. Minsky (1986). The Society Of Mind. Simon & Schuster.score: 30.0
  17. Marvin Minsky, Future of AI Technology.score: 30.0
    People often complain that AI is not developing as well as expected. They say, "Progress was quick in the early years of AI, but now it is not growing so fast." I find this funny, because people have been saying the same thing as long as I can remember. In fact we are still rapidly developing new useful systems for recognizing patterns and for supervising processes. Furthermore, modern hardware is so fast and reliable that we can employ almost any programs (...)
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  18. Marvin L. Minsky (ed.) (2006). The Emotion Machine. Simon & Schuster.score: 30.0
    A leading contributor to artificial intelligence offers insight into the numerous ways in which the mind works to demonstrate how emotions and feelings are just ...
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  19. Marvin Minsky, Matter, Mind and Models.score: 30.0
    This chapter attempts to explain why people become confused by questions about the relation between mental and physical events. When a question leads to confused, inconsistent answers, this may be because the question is ultimately meaningless or at least unanswerable, but it may also be because an adequate answer requires a powerful analytical apparatus. It is the author's view that many important questions about the relation between mind and brain are of that second kind, and that some of the necessary (...)
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  20. Marvin Minsky, Alienable Rights.score: 30.0
    Two interstellar aliens have come to assess the life-forms of Earth. The human life-forms will be entitled to rights--if the aliens can conclude that they think. Most such decisions are easy to make-- -- but this case is unusual.
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  21. Marvin Minsky, Negative Expertise.score: 30.0
    We tend to think of knowledge in positive terms -- and of experts as people who know what to do. But a 'negative' way to seem competent is, simply, never to make mistakes. How much of what we learn to do -- and learn to think -- is of this other variety? It is hard to tell, experimentally, because knowledge about what not to do never appears in behavior. And it is also difficult to assess, psychologically, because many of (...)
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  22. Marvin L. Minsky, By Joel Moses.score: 30.0
    tion of Ordinary DIfferential Equations Routine) solves first order, first degree ordinary differential equations at the level of a good college sophomore and at an average of about five seconds per problem attempted. The differences in philosophy and operation between SAINT and SIN are described, and suggestions for extending the work presented are made.
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  23. Marvin Minsky, Form and Content in Computer Science.score: 30.0
    An excessive preoccupation with formalism is impeding the development of computer science. Form-content confusion is discussed relative to three areas: theory of computation, programming languages, and education.
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  24. Marvin Minsky & Patrick H. Winston, <> Engineering and Scientific Education Conditions Us to Expect Everything, Including Intelligence, to Have a Simple, Compact Explanation. Accordingly,..score: 30.0
    Engineering and scientific education conditions us to expect everything, including intelligence, to have a simple, compact explanation. Accordingly, when people new to AI ask "What's AI all about," they seem to expect an answer that defines AI in terms of a few basic mathematical laws.
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  25. Marvin Minsky, Introduction to LogoWorks.score: 30.0
    Adults worry a lot these days. Especially, they worry about how to make other people learn more about computers. They want to make us all "computer-literate." Literacy means both reading and writing, but most books and courses about computers only tell you about writing programs. Worse, they only tell about commands and instructions and programming-language grammar rules. They hardly ever give examples. But real languages are more than words and grammar rules. There's also literature -- what people (...)
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  26. Marvin Minsky, Steps Toward Artificial Intelligence.score: 30.0
    Received by the IRE, October 24, 1960. The author's work summarized here—which was done at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, a center for research operated by MIT at Lexington, Mass., with the joint Support of the U. S. Army, Navy, and Air Force under Air Force Contract AF 19(604)-5200; and at the Res. Lab. of Electronics, MIT, Cambridge, Mass., which is supported in part by the U. S. Army Signal Corps, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and the ONR—is (...)
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  27. Marvin Minsky, Introduction.score: 30.0
    I hope this book will be useful to everyone who seeks ideas about how human minds work, or wants suggestions about better ways to think, or who aims toward building smarter machines. It should be useful to readers who want to learn about the field of Artificial Intelligence. It should also be of interest to psychologists, neurologists, computer scientists, and philosophers because it develops many new ideas about the subjects those specialists struggle with.
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  28. Marvin Minsky, In Memoriam: Hans Freudenthal.score: 30.0
    When first we meet those aliens in outer space, will we and they be able to converse? I'll try to show that, yes, we will–provided they are motivated to cooperate–because we'll both think similar ways. My arguments for this are very weak but let's pretend, for brevity, that things are clearer than they are. I'll propose two reasons why aliens will think like us, in spite of different origins. All problem-solvers, intelligent or not, are subject to the same ultimate constraints–limitations (...)
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  29. Marvin Minsky, This Net-Version of the Paper is Rather Raw, Because It's From a Pre-Publication Draft File.score: 30.0
    Freud's theory of jokes explains how they overcome the mental "censors" that make it hard for us to think "forbidden" thoughts. But his theory did not work so well for humorous nonsense as for other comical subjects. In this essay I argue that the different forms of humor can be seen as much more similar, once we recognize the importance of knowledge about knowledge and, particularly, aspects of thinking concerned with recognizing and suppressing bugs -- ineffective or destructive thought processes. (...)
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  30. Marvin Minsky, (This Web-Version Was Considerably Revised.).score: 30.0
    Then, how do we manage to cope with things we don't understand? And, how do we ever understand anything in the first place? Almost always, I think, by using analogies––by pretending that each alien thing we see resembles something we already know. Whenever an object's internal workings are too strange, complicated, or unknown to deal with directly, we try to extract what parts of its behavior seem familiar––and then represent them by familiar symbols––that is, be the names of things we (...)
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  31. Silvia H. Cardoso & Marvin Minsky (forthcoming). What is Mind? Brain and Mind.score: 30.0
     
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  32. Axel Hunding, Francois Kepes, Doron Lancet, Abraham Minsky, Vic Norris, Derek Raine, K. Sriram & Robert Root‐Bernstein (2006). Compositional Complementarity and Prebiotic Ecology in the Origin of Life. Bioessays 28 (4):399-412.score: 30.0
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  33. R. Minsky (forthcoming). Bernard Burgoyne and Mary Sullivan, Eds, The Klein-Lacan Dialogues. Radical Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  34. Marvin Minsky (1980). Decentralized Minds. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):439.score: 30.0
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  35. Marvin Minsky, "Future of AI Technology,&Quot.score: 30.0
    People often complain that AI is not developing as well as expected. They say, "Progress was quick in the early years of AI, but now it is not growing so fast." I find this funny, because people have been saying the same thing as long as I can remember. In fact we are still rapidly developing new useful systems for recognizing patterns and for supervising processes. Furthermore, modern hardware is so fast and reliable that we can employ almost any programs (...)
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  36. Marvin Minsky (1980). K‐Lines: A Theory of Memory. Cognitive Science 4 (2):117-133.score: 30.0
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  37. Marvin L. Minsky (1991). Machinery of Consciousness.score: 30.0
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  38. Marvin Minsky, Olpc Memo-.score: 30.0
    This is the first of several memos about how OLPC could initiate useful projects that then could grow without our further support—if adopted by groups in our Diaspora.
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  39. Marvin L. Minsky (ed.) (1968). Semantic Information Processing. MIT Press.score: 30.0
  40. Marvin Minsky (forthcoming). Technology and Culture. Social Research.score: 30.0
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  41. H. P. Minsky (1981). The Breakdown of the 1960s Policy Synthesis. Telos 1981 (50):49-58.score: 30.0
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  42. M. Minsky (1968). The Mind, Matter, and Models Paper. In Marvin L. Minsky (ed.), Semantic Information Processing. Mit Press. 227--270.score: 30.0
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  43. Herman H. Spitz, Shula K. Minsky & Candace L. Bessellieu (1984). Subgoal Length Versus Full Solution Length in Predicting Tower of Hanoi Problem-Solving Performance. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (4):301-304.score: 30.0
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  44. Carla Saenz (2010). Virtue Ethics and the Selection of Children with Impairments: A Reply to Rosalind McDougall. Bioethics 24 (9):499-506.score: 18.0
    In ‘Parental Virtues: A New Way of Thinking about the Morality of Reproductive Actions’ Rosalind McDougall proposes a virtue-based framework to assess the morality of child selection. Applying the virtue-based account to the selection of children with impairments does not lead, according to McDougall, to an unequivocal answer to the morality of selecting impaired children. In ‘Impairment, Flourishing, and the Moral Nature of Parenthood,’ she also applies the virtue-based account to the discussion of child selection, and claims that couples (...)
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  45. Rosalind Hursthouse (1998). An Interview with Rosalind Hursthouse. Cogito 12 (1):5-10.score: 12.0
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  46. Rosalind Hursthouse (1999). Rosalind Hursthouse. In Nigel Warburton (ed.), Philosophy: The Basic Readings. Routledge. 110.score: 12.0
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  47. R. Jo Kornegay (2011). Hursthouse's Virtue Ethics and Abortion: Abortion Ethics Without Metaphysics? [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (1):51-71.score: 9.0
    This essay explicates and evaluates the roles that fetal metaphysics and moral status play in Rosalind Hursthouse’s abortion ethics. It is motivated by Hursthouse’s puzzling claim in her widely anthologized paper Virtue Ethics and Abortion that fetal moral status and (by implication) its underlying metaphysics are in a way, fundamentally irrelevant to her position. The essay clarifies the roles that fetal ontology and moral status do in fact play in her abortion ethics. To this end, it presents and then (...)
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  48. Mathew Lu (2011). Abortion and Virtue Ethics. In Stephen Napier (ed.), Persons, Moral Worth, and Embryos: A Critical Analysis of Pro-Choice Arguments. Springer.score: 9.0
    In this paper I discuss what contemporary virtue ethics can say about abortion by considering both what has been said and what we may further argue from a virtue-focused perspective. I begin by comparing virtue ethics to the two other dominant approaches in normative ethics and then consider what some important virtue ethicists have said about abortion, especially Rosalind Hursthouse. After recognizing the many contributions her analysis offers, I also note some of the deficiencies in her approach, particularly in (...)
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  49. David Carrier (2002). Rosalind Krauss and American Philosophical Art Criticism: From Formalism to Beyond Postmodernism. Praeger.score: 9.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction: The Rise of Philosophical Art Criticism 1 -- Chapter 1. In the Beginning Was Formalism 17 -- Chapter 2. The Structuralist Adventure 33 -- Chapter 3. The Historicist, Antiessentialist Definition of Art 55 -- Chapter 4. Resentment and Its Discontents 71 -- Chapter 5. The Deconstruction of Structuralism 87 -- Afterword: The Fate of Philosophical Art Criticism 111.
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  50. Maria van der Schaar (2008). Review of Rosalind Carey, Russell and Wittgenstein on the Nature of Judgement. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (1).score: 9.0
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