83 found
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  1.  42
    Rosamond Rhodes (2005). Rethinking Research Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):7 – 28.
    Contemporary research ethics policies started with reflection on the atrocities perpetrated upoconcentration camp inmates by Nazi doctors. Apparently, as a consequence of that experience, the policies that now guide human subject research focus on the protection of human subjects by making informed consent the centerpiece of regulatory attention. I take the choice of context for policy design, the initial prioritization of informed consent, and several associated conceptual missteps, to have set research ethics off in the wrong direction. The aim of (...)
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  2. Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov & Abraham Schwab (eds.) (2013). The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal and Social Concerns. Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  16
    Rosamond Rhodes & Thomas Schiano (2010). Transplant Tourism in China: A Tale of Two Transplants. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):3-11.
    The use of organs obtained from executed prisoners in China has recently been condemned by every major transplant organization. The government of the People's Republic of China has also recently made it illegal to provide transplant organs from executed prisoners to foreigners transplant tourists. Nevertheless, the extreme shortage of transplant organs in the U.S. continues to make organ transplantation in China an appealing option for some patients with end-stage disease. Their choice of traveling to China for an organ leaves U.S. (...)
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  4.  14
    Rosamond Rhodes (2008). In Defense of the Duty to Participate in Biomedical Research. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):37 – 38.
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  5.  39
    Rosamond Rhodes & Ian Holzman (2004). The Not Unreasonable Standard for Assessment of Surrogates and Surrogate Decisions. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):367-386.
    Standard views on surrogate decision making present alternative ideal models of what ideal surrogates should consider in rendering a decision. They do not, however, explain the physician''s responsibility to a patient who lacks decisional capacity or how a physician should regard surrogates and surrogate decisions. The authors argue that it is critical to recognize the moral difference between a patient''s decisions and a surrogate''s and the professional responsibilities implied by that distinction. In every case involving a patient who lacks decisional (...)
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  6.  35
    Rosamond Rhodes (1998). Genetic Links, Family Ties, and Social Bonds: Rights and Responsibilities in the Face of Genetic Knowledge. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (1):10 – 30.
    Currently, some of the most significant moral issues involving genetic links relate to genetic knowledge. In this paper, instead of looking at the frequently addressed issues of responsibilities professionals or institutions have to individuals, I take up the question of what responsibilities individuals have to one another with respect to genetic knowledge. I address the questions of whether individuals have a moral right to pursue their own goals without contributing to society's knowledge of population genetics, without adding to their family's (...)
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  7.  59
    Rosamond Rhodes & David Alfandre (2007). A Systematic Approach to Clinical Moral Reasoning. Clinical Ethics 2 (2):66-70.
    Because the process of moving from moral principles and facts to action-guiding moral conclusions has not been articulated clearly enough to be useful in a practical way, we designed a systematic approach to aid learners and clinicians in their application of ethical principles to the resolution of clinical dilemmas. Our model for clinical moral reasoning is intended to provide a clear and replicable structure that makes the thought process involved in reasoning about clinical cases explicit. In this paper we present (...)
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  8.  17
    Rosamond Rhodes, Jody Azzouni, Stefan Bernard Baumrin, Keith Benkov, Martin J. Blaser, Barbara Brenner, Joseph W. Dauben, William J. Earle, Lily Frank, Nada Gligorov, Joseph Goldfarb, Kurt Hirschhorn, Rochelle Hirschhorn, Ian Holzman, Debbie Indyk & Ethylin Wang Jabs (2011). De MinimisRisk: A Proposal for a New Category of Research Risk. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (11):1-7.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 11, Page 1-7, November 2011.
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  9.  53
    Rosamond Rhodes (2000). Autonomy, Respect, and Genetic Information Policy: A Reply to Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):114 – 120.
  10.  9
    Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.) (2002). Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care. OUP USA.
    Because medicine can preserve and restore health and function, it has been widely acknowledged as a basic good that a just society should provide its members. Yet there is wide disagreement over the scope of what is to be provided, to whom, how, when and why. In this uniquely comprehensive book some of the best-known philosophers, doctors, lawyers, political scientists, and economists writing on the subject discuss the concerns and deepen our understanding of the theoretical and practical issues that run (...)
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  11.  9
    Rosamond Rhodes & Daniel A. Moros (2010). Privacy Overkill. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (9):12-15.
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  12.  16
    Rosamond Rhodes (2006). The Ethical Standard of Care. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):76-78.
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  13.  1
    Rosamond Rhodes & Martin J. Blaser (2013). Research Ethics. In Rosamond Rhodes, Nada Gligorov & Abraham Schwab (eds.), The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal and Social Concerns. Oxford University Press 128.
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  14.  2
    Rosamond Rhodes (2016). How to Respond to Knowledge About Biases. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):29-31.
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  15.  7
    Rosamond Rhodes (2006). Commentary: The Professional Obligation of Physicians in Times of Hazard and Need. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):424-428.
    Those who read only the introductory section of “Physician Obligation in Disaster Preparedness and Response,” the statement from the AMA's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, apparently an elaboration on CEJA Opinion 3-I-04, E-9.067, will find an expression of laudable professional responsibility in the face of a disaster. There the AMA authors explicitly acknowledge “that unique responsibilities beyond planning rest on the shoulders of the medical profession”. They also declare that, “physicians are needed to care for victims. In some instances, (...)
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  16.  2
    Michael H. Andreae, Evelyn Rhodes, Tyler Bourgoise, George M. Carter, Robert S. White, Debbie Indyk, Henry Sacks & Rosamond Rhodes (2016). Research With Controlled Drugs: Why and Why Not? Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “An Ethical Exploration of Barriers to Research on Controlled Drugs”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):1-3.
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  17.  31
    Rosamond Rhodes (2005). Justice in Medicine and Public Health. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (1):13-26.
    a This paper is a revised and shortened version of my chapter, “Justice in Allocations for Terrorism, Biological Warfare, and Public Health” in Public Health Ethics, edited by Michael Boylan, Kluwer; 2004. Portions of this material were presented at the International Bioethics Retreat, Pavia, Italy, June 2003, and at the meetings of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences, Philadelphia, September 2003.
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  18.  18
    Rosamond Rhodes (2007). A Kantian Duty to Commit Suicide and its Implications for Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):45 – 47.
  19.  2
    Shira Bender, Lauren Flicker & Rosamond Rhodes (2007). Access for the Terminally Ill to Experimental Medical Innovations: A Three-Pronged Threat. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):3 – 6.
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  20.  10
    Rosamond Rhodes & James J. Strain (2000). Trust and Transforming Medical Institutions. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (2):205-217.
    Medicine needs our trust. We need to be able to rely on individual clinicians and researchers, and we need to be able to have confidence in hospitals and clinics. Yet the organization of our healthcare institutions is not designed to promote that trust. In fact, the structure of our medical institutions seems to undermine our faith.
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  21.  1
    Rosamond Rhodes (2002). The Pressing Need for Postdoctoral Research Ethics Education. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):1-3.
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  22.  6
    Lynne D. Richardson, Rosamond Rhodes, Deborah Fish Ragin & Ilene Wilets (2006). The Role of Community Consultation in the Ethical Conduct of Research Without Consent. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):33 – 35.
  23.  3
    Rosamond Rhodes (2004). Clinical Justice Guiding Medical Allocations. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):116-119.
  24.  1
    Rosamond Rhodes & Alex Kolevzon (2016). Justice in Selecting Participants for a Study in Phelan–McDermid Syndrome. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):74-76.
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  25.  34
    Rosamond Rhodes (2002). Reading Rawls and Hearing Hobbes. Philosophical Forum 33 (4):393–412.
  26.  27
    Rosamond Rhodes (2001). Understanding the Trusted Doctor and Constructing a Theory of Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (6):493-504.
    This paper offers a constructivist account of bioethics as an alternative to previous discussions that explained the ethics of medicine by an extrapolation of principles or virtues from ordinary morality. Taking medicine as a higher and special calling, I argue that the practice of medicine would be impossible without the trust of patients. Because trust is a necessary condition for medical practice, the ethics of the profession must provide the principles for guiding physician behavior and the profession toward promoting trust (...)
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  27. Rosamond Rhodes (2007). The Professional Responsibilities of Medicine. In Rosamond Rhodes, Leslie Francis & Anita Silvers (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Medical Ethics. Blackwell Pub.
     
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  28.  41
    Rosamond Rhodes (2010). Taking Hobbes at His Word: Comments on Morality in the Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes by S.A. Lloyd. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):170-179.
    This paper focuses on S.A. Loyd's positive account of Hobbes's moral theory as presented in chapters 5 and 6 of her new book. My discussion challenges Lloyd's reciprocity interpretation of Hobbes's moral theory. In the paper I also take issue with Lloyd's account of the derivation of his moral theory and her account of moral obligation. I offer my own definitional reading of the derivation of the Laws of Nature and my own analysis of how Hobbes explains obligation in terms (...)
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  29.  25
    Rosamond Rhodes (1992). Hobbes's Un Reasonable Fool. Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):93-102.
  30.  50
    Rosamond Rhodes (2002). Two Concepts of Medical Ethics and Their Implications for Medical Ethics Education. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (4):493 – 508.
    People who discuss medical ethics or bioethics come to very different conclusions about the levels of agreement in the field and the implications of consensus among health care professionals. In this paper I argue that these disagreements turn on a confusion of two distinct senses of medical ethics. I differentiate (1) medical ethics as a subject in applied ethics from (2) medical ethics as the professional moral commitments of health care professions. I then use the distinction to explain its significant (...)
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  31.  16
    Rosamond Rhodes (1999). Abortion and Assent. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):416-427.
    Volumes have been written arguing the morality of abortion. A crucial premise in many of these arguments concerns the status of the fetus; specifically, that the fetus has or does not have a right to life. Opponents of abortion typically argue that fetuses are persons and hence have an inviolable right to life. Advocates of the right to abortion typically maintain that fetuses are not persons and hence have no right to life.
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  32.  5
    Denise M. Dudzinski, Rosamond Rhodes & Autumn Fiester (2013). Pedagogical Goals for Academic Bioethics Programs. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):284-296.
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  33.  3
    Paul J. Cummins, Katherine J. Mendis, Robert Fallar, Amanda Favia, Lily Frank, Carolyn Plunkett, Nada Gligorov & Rosamond Rhodes (forthcoming). Improving Third-Year Medical Students' Competency in Clinical Moral Reasoning: Two Interventions. Ajob Empirical Bioethics:1-9.
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  34.  11
    Richard Gorlin, James J. Strain & Rosamond Rhodes (2001). Cultural Collisions at the Bedside: Social Expectations and Value Triage in Medical Practice. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (1):7-15.
    As early as 1981 Gorlin and Zucker produced a film, AComplicatingFactor:Doctors'FeelingsasaFactorinMedicalCare and in a 1983 paper on the subject they described one of the important epiphenomena of the encounter between doctor and patient—namely, the reaction of the physician to the patient and how this affects both the physician and the quality of the relationship. At that time they were concerned with the physicians' ability to reckon with their own reactions to patients who presented with problems or personality traits that complicated (...)
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  35.  5
    Rosamond Rhodes & Devra S. Cohen (2003). Understanding, Being, and Doing: Medical Ethics in Medical Education. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):39-53.
    Over the past 15 years, medical schools have paid some attention to the importance of developing students' communication skills as part of their medical education. Over the past decade, medical ethics has been added to the curriculum of most U.S. medical schools, at least on paper. More recently, there has been growing discussion of the importance of professionalism in medical education. Yet, the nature and content of these fields and their relationship to one another remains confused and vague, and that (...)
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  36.  12
    Rosamond Rhodes (1995). Love Thy Patient: Justice, Caring, and the Doctor–Patient Relationship. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (4):434.
    Traditional moral theories of rights and principles have dominated medical ethics discussions for decades. Appeals to utilitarian consequences, as well as the principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, and justice, have provided the standard vocabulary and filled the literature of the field.Recently on the bioethics scene, however, there has been some discussion of virtue, and, particularly within the nursing ethics literature, appeals are being made to the feminist ethics of care. This intimation of a shift in the wind may have (...)
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  37.  4
    Rosamond Rhodes (2001). Justice, Medicine, and Medical Care. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):32 – 33.
  38.  1
    Rosamond Rhodes (1998). Futility and the Goals of Medicine. Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (2):194.
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  39.  11
    Daniel A. Moros, Rosamond Rhodes, Bernard Baumrin & James J. Strain (1987). Thinking Critically in Medicine and its Ethics: Relating Applied Science and Applied Ethics. Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):229-243.
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  40.  8
    Rosamond Rhodes (2002). Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation. In Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.), Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care. OUP Usa 345--361.
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  41.  25
    Rosamond Rhodes (2001). Acceptable Sex Selection. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):31 – 32.
  42.  12
    Rosamond Rhodes (2009). Hobbes's Fifth Law of Nature and its Implications. Hobbes Studies 22 (2):144-159.
    Hobbes presents the fifth Law of Nature, Mutual Accommodation, in Leviathan, Chapter XV. Although a great deal of scholarly attention has been devoted to the first four Laws of Nature, hardly any mention of the fifth appears in the literature. This paper explains the fifth Law as a central piece of Hobbes's theory and thereby reveals his progressive inclinations. Drawing upon relevant passages in Leviathan I show how Hobbes's view of property allocation and reallocation derives from this Law and how (...)
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  43.  6
    Rosamond Rhodes (1994). Ideals as Interests in Hobbes's "Leviathan": The Power of Mind Over Matter. Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (3):498-500.
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  44.  6
    Rosamond Rhodes & James D. Capozzi (2003). The Invisible Influence of Industry Inducements. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):65-67.
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  45.  3
    Rosamond Rhodes & Lawrence G. Smith (2006). Molding Professional Character. Advances in Bioethics 10:99-114.
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  46.  9
    Rosamond Rhodes & James J. Strain (2009). Further Thoughts About Affective Forecasting Biases in Medicine: A Response to Nada Gligorov. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (2):174.
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  47.  4
    Abraham Schwab, Mary Ann Bailey, Joseph Goldfarb, Kurt Hirschhorn, Rosamond Rhodes & Brett Trusko, Property and Research on the Human Microbiome in The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal, and Social Concerns.
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  48.  1
    Rosamond Rhodes (2015). Love Thy Neighbor: Replacing Paternalistic Protection as the Grounds for Research Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):49-51.
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  49.  13
    Rosamond Rhodes, Lewis Burrows & Lewis Reisman (1992). Mt. St. Anonymous the Adolescent Living-Related Donor. HEC Forum 4 (5):314-323.
    Seventeen-year-old David is a perfect organ match for his younger brother, Ken, who has kidney failure. David understands that the procedure presents some risk for him and that after surgery he may no longer be able to continue playing football. His idols all have been football players and he now plays on his high school's team. Nevertheless, he wants to donate a kidney to his brother and agrees to being a donor as soon as the option is mentioned. He never (...)
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  50.  4
    Rosamond Rhodes, Charles Miller & Myron Schwartz (1992). Transplant Recipients Seletion: Peacetime Vs. Wartime Triage. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (4):327.
    It is a common assumption in ethics that everyone is due equal access to basic human goods. In our modern society, at least since the French Revolution, healthcare is counted along with food, shelter, and security as such a basic good. Anyone suffering from a treatable life-threatening disease can therefore, be seen as having a prima facie claim on medical treatment.
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