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Profile: Tom Rowlands (Oxford University)
  1. Mark Rowlands, Animals That Act for Moral Reasons.
    Non-human animals (henceforth, “animals”) are typically regarded as moral patients rather than moral agents. Let us define these terms as follows: 1) X is a moral patient if and only if X is a legitimate object of moral concern: that is, roughly, X is something whose interests should be taken into account when decisions are made concerning it or which otherwise impact on it. 2) X is a moral agent if and only if X can be morally evaluated–praised or blamed (...)
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  2. J. Rowlands & S. Yates (forthcoming). Breaking Through the Gender Gap. Nexus.
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  3. A. Rowlands (2014). Book Review: James F. Keenan (Ed.), Catholic Theological Ethics, Past, Present, and Future: The Trento Conference. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 27 (1):101-103.
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  4. Anna Rowlands (2013). The Dialectics of Democracy. Journal of Catholic Social Thought 10 (2):341-352.
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  5. Mark Rowlands (2013). Animals and Moral Motivation: A Response to Clement. Journal of Animal Ethics 3 (1):15-24.
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  6. Mark Rowlands (2013). Enactivism, Intentionality, and Content. American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):303-316.
    Enactivism has, perhaps, come to mean different things to different people. The version of enactivism that I am going to build on in this paper is that defended in my book The New Science of the Mind (henceforth NSM). That view is, I think, recognizably enactivist. Others might disagree, and I myself not only characterized it in other terms but was careful to distinguish it from other views that fall under the rubric "enactivist." However, the view I defended is, I (...)
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  7. Mark Rowlands (2013). Sartre, Consciousness, and Intentionality. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):521-536.
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  8. Mark Rowlands (2012). Can Animals Be Moral? Oup Usa.
    Can animals act morally? Philosophical tradition answers 'no,' and has apparently convincing arguments on its side. Cognitive ethology supplies a growing body of empirical evidence that suggests these arguments are wrong. This groundbreaking book assimilates both philosophical and ethological frameworks into a unified whole and argues for a qualified 'yes.'.
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  9. Mark Rowlands (2012). ¿Pueden los animales ser morales? Dilemata 9:1-32.
    La distinción dicotómica entre agentes y pacientes morales está ampliamente reconocida y bien asentada en filosofía moral. Los animales, en el caso de ser considerados como poseedores de estatuto moral alguno, son, casi invariablemente, reconocidos como pacientes morales más que como agentes. La tesis principal de este artículo sostiene que hay una tercera opción: mientras los animales son pacientes morales, en lugar de agentes morales, pueden ser también sujetos morales, donde: X es un sujeto moral si y solamente si X (...)
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  10. Mark Rowlands (2012). Reprezentowanie bez reprezentacji. Avant 3 (1).
    [Przekład] Mamy do czynienia z problemem reprezentacji oraz aparatury reprezentacji, która została wynaleziona do rozwiązania tego problemu. Artykuł ten ma dwa cele. Po pierwsze: pokaże on, dlaczego problem reprezentowania przerasta aparaturę reprezentacji w takim sensie, że nawet jeżeli pozbędziemy się owej aparatury, problem pozostanie. Po drugie: wykaże, że pytanie o to, czy poznanie to proces angażujący, czy nieangażujący reprezentacje, to pytanie słabo zdefiniowane i zbyt uproszczone, by mogło pomóc w zrozumieniu natury procesów poznawczych.
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  11. Mark Rowlands (2012). Representing Without Representations. Avant 3 (1):133-144.
    There is a problem of representation and an apparatus of representations that was devised to solve this problem. This paper has two purposes. First, it will show why the problem of representation outstrips the apparatus of representations in the sense that the problem survives the demise of the apparatus. Secondly, it will argue that the question of whether cognition does or not involve representations is a poorly defined question, and far too crude to be helpful in understanding the nature of (...)
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  12. Mark Rowlands (2011). Friendship and Animals: A Reply to Fröding and Peterson. Journal of Animal Ethics 1 (1):70-79.
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  13. Mark Rowlands (2011). Intentionality and Embodied Cognition. Philosophical Topics 39 (1):81-97.
    The theses of embodied and extended cognition are usually regarded as recherché doctrines, at odds with common sense. They are also, typically, regarded as theses that must be evaluated by way of their implications for the development of cognitive science. If they cohere with the likely trajectory of cognitive science they can be accepted. If they do not, they must be rejected. This paper argues against both these claims. At the conceptual heart of the theses of embodied and extended cognition (...)
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  14. Mark Rowlands (2011). Jean-Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness. Topoi 30 (2):175-180.
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  15. Mark J. Rowlands (2011). Friendship and Animals, Again: A Response to Fröding and Peterson. Journal of Animal Ethics 1 (2):190-194.
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  16. Richard L. Amoroso, Peter Rowlands, Stanley Jeffers & Jean-Pierre Vigier (eds.) (2010). Search for Fundamental Theory: The Viith International Symposium Honoring French Mathematical Physicist Jean-Pierre Vigier, Imperial College, London, Uk, 12-14 July 2010. [REVIEW] American Institute of Physics.
    This volume is about searching for fundamental theory in physics which has become somewhat elusive in recent decades. Like a group of blind men investigating an elephant, one physicist postulates the trunk as a hose, another a leg as a tree, the body a wall or barrier, the tail a rope and the ears as a fan. The organizers of the Vigier series symposia strongly believe cross polination by exploring many avenues of seemingly disparate research is key to breakthrough discovery (...)
     
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  17. Mark Rowlands (2010). Consciousness Broadly Construed. In Richard Menary (ed.), The Extended Mind. Mit Press.
     
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  18. Mark Rowlands (2010). Responding to Animals. Common Knowledge 16 (2):351-360.
    Émilie Hache and Bruno Latour argue in their article “Morality or Moralism?” that contemporary moral treatments of animals exhibit a hard-won insensitivity, and a corresponding inability to respond, to the “call” of animals—to the moral claims that animals legitimately make on us. In responding, Rowlands commends aspects of this thesis but argues that Hache and Latour have improperly formulated it. Rather than being an inability to respond to the call of animals, contemporary moral treatments of the moral claims of animals (...)
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  19. Mark Rowlands (2010). The New Science of the Mind: From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology. A Bradford Book.
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  20. Mark Rowlands (2010). 16 What is Cognition? Extended Cognition and the Criterion of the Cognitive. Proceedings of the British Academy 158:317.
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  21. Mark Rowlands (2009). Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Animal rights and moral theories -- Arguing for one's species -- Utilitarianism and animals : Peter Singer's case for animal liberation -- Tom Regan : animal rights as natural rights -- Virtue ethics and animals -- Contractarianism and animal rights -- Animal minds.
     
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  22. Mark Rowlands (2009). Enactivism and the Extended Mind. Topoi 28 (1):53-62.
    According to the view that has become known as the extended mind , some token mental processes extend into the cognizing organism’s environment in that they are composed (partly) of manipulative, exploitative, and transformative operations performed by that subject on suitable environmental structures. Enactivist models understand mental processes as (partly) constituted by sensorimotor knowledge and by the organism’s ability to act, in appropriate ways, on environmental structures. Given the obvious similarities between the two views, it is both tempting and common (...)
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  23. Mark Rowlands (2009). Extended Cognition and the Mark of the Cognitive. Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):1 – 19.
    According to the thesis of the extended mind (EM) , at least some token cognitive processes extend into the cognizing subject's environment in the sense that they are (partly) composed of manipulative, exploitative, and transformative operations performed by that subject on suitable environmental structures. EM has attracted four ostensibly distinct types of objection. This paper has two goals. First, it argues that these objections all reduce to one basic sort: all the objections can be resolved by the provision of an (...)
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  24. Mark Rowlands (2009). Situated Representation. In Murat Aydede & P. Robbins (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition. Cambridge. 117--133.
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  25. Mark Rowlands (2009). The Extended Mind. Zygon 44 (3):628-641.
    According to the view known variously as the extended mind (Clark & Chalmers 1998), vehicle externalism (Hurley 1998; Rowlands 2003, 2006) active externalism (Clark and Chalmers 1998), locational externalism (Wilson 2004) and environmentalism (Rowlands 1999), at least some token mental processes extend into the cognizing organism’s environment in that they are composed, partly (and, on most versions, contingently), of manipulative, exploitative, and transformative operations performed by that subject on suitable environmental structures. More precisely, what I shall refer to as the (...)
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  26. E. Wager, S. Fiack, C. Graf, A. Robinson & I. Rowlands (2009). Science Journal Editors' Views on Publication Ethics: Results of an International Survey. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (6):348-353.
    Background: Breaches of publication ethics such as plagiarism, data fabrication and redundant publication are recognised as forms of research misconduct that can undermine the scientific literature. We surveyed journal editors to determine their views about a range of publication ethics issues. Methods: Questionnaire sent to 524 editors-in-chief of Wiley-Blackwell science journals asking about the severity and frequency of 16 ethical issues at their journals, their confidence in handling such issues, and their awareness and use of guidelines. Results: Responses were obtained (...)
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  27. Mark Rowlands (2008). Fame. The Philosophers' Magazine 43:15-23.
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  28. Mark Rowlands (2008). From the Inside: Consciousness and the First-Person Perspective. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (3):281 – 297.
    To adopt a first-person perspective on consciousness is typically understood as a matter of inwardly engaging one's awareness in such a way as to make one's conscious states and their properties into objects of awareness. When awareness is thus inwardly engaged, experience functions as both act and object of awareness. As objects of awareness, an experience-token and its various properties are items of which a subject is aware. As an act of awareness, an experience-token is that in virtue of which (...)
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  29. Mark Rowlands (2008). Box Clever. The Philosophers' Magazine 43 (43):117-118.
    The value of individualism lies in its promotingthe possibility of selfrealisation: the idea, very roughly, that people should maximize their abilities and potentialities, thus becoming all they can be. You do this through the choices you make and your willingness to learn from those choices. However, it can’t be that any choice counts as self-realisation. If absolutely anything you do counts as self-realisation, then the idea of self-realisation is vacuous.
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  30. Mark Rowlands (2008). The Philosopher and the Wolf: Lessons From the Wild on Love, Death, and Happiness. Granta.
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  31. Robert N. Carson & Stuart Rowlands (2007). Teaching the Conceptual Revolutions in Geometry. Science and Education 16 (9-10):921-954.
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  32. Mark Rowlands (2007). Mysterianism. In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. 335--345.
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  33. Mark Rowlands (2007). Understanding the "Active" in "Enactive&Quot;. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):427-443..
    Much recent work on cognition is characterized by an augmentation of the role of action coupled with an attenuation of the role of representation. This coupling is no accident. The appeal to action is seen either as a way of explaining representation or explaining it away. This paper argues that the appeal to action as a way of explaining, supplementing, or even supplanting, representation can lead to a serious dilemma. On the one hand, the concept of action to which we (...)
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  34. Stuart Rowlands, Ted Graham, John Berry & Peter Mcwilliam (2007). Conceptual Change Through the Lens of Newtonian Mechanics. Science and Education 16 (1):21-42.
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  35. Mark Rowlands (2006). Body Language: Representation in Action. Cambridge MA: Bradford Book/MIT Press.
    This is not to say simply that these forms of acting can facilitate representation but that they are themselves representational.
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  36. Mark Rowlands (2006). Sensorimotor Activity. Psyche 12 (1).
    This paper explores the concept of _sensorimotor activity_ that is central to the enactive model of visual perception developed in Alva Noë’s book, _Action in Perception_. The appeal to sensorimotor activity is, I shall argue, subject to a dilemma. On one interpretation, such activity presupposes representational states, and therefore is unable to aid us in the project of understanding how an organism is able to represent the world. On the other interpretation, sensorimotor activity fails to accommodate the essential normativity of (...)
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  37. Mark Rowlands (2006). The Normativity of Action. Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):401-416.
    The concept of action is playing an increasingly prominent role in attempts to explain how subjects can represent the world. The idea is that at least some of the role traditionally assigned to internal representations can, in fact, be played by the ability of subjects to act on the world, and the exercise of that ability on appropriate occasions. This paper argues that the appeal to action faces a serious dilemma. If the concept of action employed is a representational one, (...)
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  38. Robert Carson & Stuart Rowlands (2005). Mechanics as the Logical Point of Entry for the Enculturation Into Scientific Thinking. Science and Education 14 (3-5):473-492.
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  39. Mark Rowlands (2005). Environmental Epistemology. Ethics and the Environment 10 (2):5-27.
  40. Mark Rowlands (2005). Further Watching. The Philosophers' Magazine 30:66-69.
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  41. Mark Rowlands (2004). Keanu's Cartesian Meditations. Think 3 (7):71.
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  42. Mark Rowlands (2003). Consciousness: The Transcendalist Manifesto. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):205-21.
    Phenomenal consciousness, what it is like to have or undergo an experience, is typically understood as an empirical item – an actual or possible object of consciousness. Accordingly, the problem posed by phenomenal consciousness for materialist accounts of the mind is usually understood as an empirical problem: a problem of showing how one sort of empirical item – a conscious state – is produced or constituted by another – a neural process. The development of this problem, therefore, has usually consisted (...)
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  43. Mark Rowlands (2003). Externalism: Putting Mind and World Back Together Again. Acumen.
    An examination of the view that mental states and processes are essentially dependent on the world for their nature and contents.
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  44. Mark Rowlands (2003/2004). The Philosopher at the End of the Universe: Philosophy Explained Through Science Fiction Films. T. Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press.
    The Philosopher at the End of the Universe demonstrates how anyone can grasp the basic concepts of philosophy while still holding a bucket of popcorn. Mark Rowlands makes philosophy utterly relevant to our everyday lives and reveals its most potent messages using nothing more than a little humor and the plotlines of some of the most spectacular, expensive, high-octane films on the planet. Learn about: The Nature of Reality from The Matrix , Good and Evil from Star Wars , Morality (...)
     
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  45. Mark Rowlands (2002). Two Dogmas of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (5-6):158-80.
  46. Mansoor Niaz & Stuart Rowlands (2001). Roberto de Andrade Martins is a Professor at the Physics Institute 'Gleb Wataghin', State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. He Received a First Degree in Physics at Sao Paulo University, and PhD in Logic and Philosophy of Science at UNICAMP. His Main Research Interests and the History and Philosophy of Physics. [REVIEW] Science and Education 10:321-322.
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  47. Mark Rowlands (2001). Consciousness and Higher-Order Thoughts. Mind and Language 16 (3):290-310.
  48. Mark Rowlands (2001). The Nature of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
    In The Nature of Consciousness, Mark Rowlands develops an innovative and radical account of the nature of phenomenal consciousness, one that has significant consequences for attempts to find a place for it in the natural order. The most significant feature of consciousness is its dual nature: consciousness can be both the directing of awareness and that upon which awareness is directed. Rowlands offers a clear and philosophically insightful discussion of the main positions in this fast-moving debate, and argues that the (...)
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  49. Stuart Rowlands, Ted Graham & John Berry (2001). An Objectivist Critique of Relativism in Mathematics Education. Science and Education 10 (3):215-241.
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