Search results for 'Roy A. Benton' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Roy A. Benton (2002). A Simple Incomplete Extension of T Which is the Union of Two Complete Modal Logics with F.M.P. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (6):527-541.score: 1230.0
    I present here a modal extension of T called KTLM which is, by several measures, the simplest modal extension of T yet presented. Its axiom uses only one sentence letter and has a modal depth of 2. Furthermore, KTLM can be realized as the logical union of two logics KM and KTL which each have the finite model property (f.m.p.), and so themselves are complete. Each of these two component logics has independent interest as well.
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  2. Roy A. Benton (1979). A Descending Chain of Classical Logics for Which Necessitation Implies Regularity. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 25 (19‐24):289-291.score: 1140.0
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  3. G. R. Taylor, J. Spizizen, B. G. Foster, P. A. Volz, R. C. Simmonds, A. M. Heimpel & E. V. Benton (1974). A Descriptive Analysis of the Apollo 16 Microbial Response to Space Environment Experiment. Bioscience 24 (9):505-511.score: 420.0
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  4. Matthew A. Benton (2011). Two More for the Knowledge Account of Assertion. Analysis 71 (4):684-687.score: 300.0
    The Knowledge Account of Assertion (KAA) has received added support recently from data on prompting assertion (Turri 2010) and from a refinement suggesting that assertions ought to express knowledge (Turri 2011). This paper adds another argument from parenthetical positioning, and then argues that KAA’s unified explanation of some of the earliest data (from Moorean conjunctions) adduced in its favor recommends KAA over its rivals.
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  5. Matthew A. Benton (2012). Assertion, Knowledge and Predictions. Analysis 72 (1):102-105.score: 300.0
    John N. Williams (1994) and Matthew Weiner (2005) invoke predictions in order to undermine the normative relevance of knowledge for assertions; in particular, Weiner argues, predictions are important counterexamples to the Knowledge Account of Assertion (KAA). I argue here that they are not true counterexamples at all, a point that can be agreed upon even by those who reject KAA.
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  6. Matthew A. Benton (2013). Dubious Objections From Iterated Conjunctions. Philosophical Studies 162 (2):355-358.score: 300.0
    The knowledge account of assertion—-roughly: one should not assert what one does not know—-can explain a variety of Moorean conjunctions, a fact often cited as evidence in its favor. David Sosa ("Dubious Assertions," Phil Studies, 2009) has objected that the account does not generalize satisfactorily, since it cannot explain the infelicity of certain iterated conjunctions without appealing to the controversial "KK" principle. This essay responds by showing how the knowledge account can handle such conjunctions without use of the KK principle.
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  7. Matthew A. Benton (forthcoming). Gricean Quality. Noûs.score: 300.0
    Some philosophers oppose recent arguments for the Knowledge Account of Assertion by claiming that assertion, being an act much like any other, will be subject to norms governing acts generally, such as those articulated by Grice for the purpose of successful, cooperative endeavours. But in fact, Grice is a traitor to their cause; or rather, they are his dissenters, not his disciples. Drawing on Grice's unpublished papers, I show that he thought of asserting as a special linguistic act in need (...)
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  8. Matthew A. Benton (2006). The Modal Gap: The Objective Problem of Lessing's Ditch(Es) and Kierkegaard's Subjective Reply. Religious Studies 42 (1):27-44.score: 300.0
    This essay expands upon the suggestion that Lessing's infamous ‘ditch’ is actually three ditches: temporal, metaphysical, and existential gaps. It examines the complex problems these ditches raise, and then proposes that Kierkegaard's Fragments and Postscript exhibit a similar triadic organizational structure, which may signal a deliberate attempt to engage and respond to Lessing's three gaps. Viewing the Climacean project in this way offers an enhanced understanding of the intricacies of Lessing's rationalist approach to both religion and historical truth, and illuminates (...)
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  9. E. Benton (1974). Vitalism in Nineteenth-Century Scientific Thought: A Typology and Reassessment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 5 (1):17-48.score: 300.0
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  10. Matthew A. Benton & John Turri (2014). Iffy Predictions and Proper Expectations. Synthese 191 (8):1857-1866.score: 300.0
    What individuates the speech act of prediction? The standard view is that prediction is individuated by the fact that it is the unique speech act that requires future-directed content. We argue against this view and two successor views. We then lay out several other potential strategies for individuating prediction, including the sort of view we favor. We suggest that prediction is individuated normatively and has a special connection to the epistemic standards of expectation. In the process, we advocate some constraints (...)
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  11. Michael Benton (2011). Towards a Poetics of Literary Biography. Journal of Aesthetic Education 45 (3):67-87.score: 300.0
    Biography is an ancient literary genre. First of all—chronologically and logically it is a part of historiography. Whether we think of biography as more like history or more like fiction, what we want from it is a vivid sense of the person. The cover illustration of the fortieth anniversary edition of E. H. Carr’s What is History?1 is a close-up of an eye with fluffy white clouds against a blue iris and a dramatic black pupil in the center. Magritte called (...)
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  12. Ted Benton (2001). Philosophy of Social Science: The Philosophical Foundations of Social Thought. Palgrave.score: 300.0
    This is the first book in the new series, is a comprehensive introduction to philosophical problems in the social sciences, encompassing traditional and contemporary perspectives. It is readily accessible, with a firm emphasis on communicating difficult philosophical ideas clearly and effectively to those from outside this discipline. Ted Benton and Ian Craib move systematically through major topic areas, from positivism to post-structuralism, using a wide variety of examples and cases to illustrate key themes.
     
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  13. Matthew A. Benton (forthcoming). Expert Opinion and Second‐Hand Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.score: 240.0
    Expert testimony figures in recent debates over how best to understand the norm of assertion and the domain-specific epistemic expectations placed on testifiers. Cases of experts asserting with only isolated second-hand knowledge (Lackey 2011, 2013) have been used to shed light on whether knowledge is sufficient for epistemically permissible assertion. I argue that relying on such cases of expert testimony introduces several problems concerning how we understand expert knowledge, and the sharing of such knowledge through testimony. Refinements are needed to (...)
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  14. Matthew A. Benton (forthcoming). Believing on Authority. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion.score: 240.0
    Linda Zagzebski's "Epistemic Authority" (Oxford University Press, 2012) brings together issues in social epistemology with topics in moral and political philosophy as well as philosophy of religion. In this paper I criticize her discussion of self-trust and rationality, which sets up the main argument of the book; I consider how her view of authority relates to some issues of epistemic authority in testimony; and I raise some concerns about her treatment of religious epistemology and religious authority in particular.
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  15. Ted Benton (2007). A Stratified Ontology of Selfhood: Review of Being Human: The Problem of Agency by Margaret S. Archer. [REVIEW] Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2).score: 240.0
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  16. Ted Benton (2001). Marx, Malthus and the Greens: A Reply to Paul Burkett. Historical Materialism 8 (1):309-332.score: 240.0
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  17. Matthew A. Benton (2006). Review of Clare Carlisle, "Kierkegaard's Philosophy of Becoming: Movements and Positions" (Albany NY: State University of New York Press, 2005). Pp. Xi+173. $55.00 (Hbk). ISBN 0 7914 6547 0. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 42 (4):488-492.score: 240.0
    Review of Clare Carlisle's book covering Kierkegaard's three 1843 pseudonymous texts: "Either/Or," "Repetition," and "Fear and Trembling.".
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  18. Josh Benton (2011). Art/Porn: A History of Seeing and Touching by Dennis, Kelly. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 69 (3):340-342.score: 240.0
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  19. Ted Benton (2007). Environmental Philosophy: Humanism or Naturalism? A Reply to Kate Soper. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2).score: 240.0
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  20. S. Benton (1934). A. J. B. Wace: Chamber Tombs at Mycenae (Archaeologia, Volume LXXXII). Pp. 249; 53 Plates, 50 Figures in the Text. John Johnson at Oxford for the Society of Antiquaries, 1932. Cloth, £5 5s. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (02):84-85.score: 240.0
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  21. Sylvia Benton (1949). A Guide to the Excavations of Ancient Corinth, Fourth Edition. Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:103.score: 240.0
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  22. Sylvia Benton & V. R. D'A. Desborough (1956). Protogeometric Pottery. Journal of Hellenic Studies 76:124.score: 240.0
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  23. Meghan Benton (2014). The Problem of Denizenship: A Non-Domination Framework. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (1):49-69.score: 240.0
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  24. S. Benton & M. Launey (1945). Etudes Thasiennes. 1. Le Sanctuaire Et le Culte d'Herakles a Thasos. Journal of Hellenic Studies 65:121.score: 240.0
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  25. Sylvia Benton & P. Vigneron (1970). Le Cheval Dans l'Antiquite Grecoromaine (des Guerres Mediques aux Grandes Invasions): Contribution a l'Histoire des Techniques. Journal of Hellenic Studies 90:265.score: 240.0
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  26. Richard A. Young, Li Hsieh, Francis X. Graydon, I. I. Richard Genik, Mark D. Benton, Christopher C. Green, Susan M. Bowyer, John E. Moran & Norman Tepley (2005). Mind-on-the-Drive: Real-Time Functional Neuroimaging of Cognitive Brain Mechanisms Underlying Driver Performance and Distraction. Mind 5:263.score: 240.0
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  27. John F. Benton (1971). An Abusive Letter of Nicolas of Clairvaux for a Bishop of Auxerre, Possibly Blessed Hugh of Mâcon. Mediaeval Studies 33 (1):365-370.score: 240.0
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  28. Ted Benton (2001). A Stratified Ontology of Selfhood. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (2):36-38.score: 240.0
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  29. A. L. Benton (1969). Disorders of Spatial Orientation. In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. 3--212.score: 240.0
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  30. M. G. Benton (forthcoming). From" A Rake's Progress" to" Rosie's Walk": Lessons in Aesthetic Reading. Journal of Aesthetic Education.score: 240.0
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  31. C. P. Benton, P. W. McOwan & A. Johnston (1996). Judgments of Direction In'third-Order'motion Stimuli. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. 119-119.score: 240.0
     
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  32. Dale Jamieson, Beverly Peterson Stearns, George C. McGavin, James T. Costa, Michael J. Benton, Mark A. Davis, Laurie J. Vitt, Henry Bennet-Clark, Alexander Milner & Steve Nash (2010). 10. Fall Focus on Books. Bioscience 60 (8).score: 240.0
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  33. Bruce A. Stein, Cameron Scott & Nancy Benton (2008). Federal Lands and Endangered Species: The Role of Military and Other Federal Lands in Sustaining Biodiversity. Bioscience 58 (4):339-347.score: 240.0
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  34. Meghan Benton (2010). The Tyranny of the Enfranchised Majority? The Accountability of States to Their Non-Citizen Population. Res Publica 16 (4):397-413.score: 120.0
    The debate between legal constitutionalists and critics of constitutional rights and judicial review is an old and lively one. While the protection of minorities is a pivotal aspect of this debate, the protection of disenfranchised minorities has received little attention. Policy-focused discussion—of the merits of the Human Rights Act in Britain for example—often cites protection of non-citizen migrants, but the philosophical debate does not. Non-citizen residents or ‘denizens’ therefore provide an interesting test case for the theory of rights as trumps (...)
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  35. L. M. Benton (1995). Selling the Natural or Selling Out? Environmental Ethics 17 (1):3-22.score: 120.0
    In the twenty years since the first Earth Day, the environmental movement has become increasingly “commercialized.” In this paper, I examine why many environmental organizations now offer an array of products through catalogs and magazines, or manage stores and outlets. In part one, I explore some of the economic and political influences during the 1970s and 1980s that resulted in increased organizational sophistication and an increased production of environmental products. The part two, I explore the “commercialization” of environmentalism from two (...)
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  36. Davide Pisani, Michael J. Benton & Mark Wilkinson (2007). Congruence of Morphological and Molecular Phylogenies. Acta Biotheoretica 55 (3).score: 120.0
    When phylogenetic trees constructed from morphological and molecular evidence disagree (i.e. are incongruent) it has been suggested that the differences are spurious or that the molecular results should be preferred a priori. Comparing trees can increase confidence (congruence), or demonstrate that at least one tree is incorrect (incongruence). Statistical analyses of 181 molecular and 49 morphological trees shows that incongruence is greater between than within the morphological and molecular partitions, and this difference is significant for the molecular partition. Because the (...)
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  37. Ted Benton (2003). Marxism and the Moral Status of Animals. Society and Animals 11 (1):73-79.score: 120.0
    Perlo's engagement with the complex and ambiguous relationship between Marxism (and, more broadly, the socialist traditions) and the moral status of animals is very much to be welcomed. This sort of engagement is valuable for three main reasons. First, the more narrowly focused social movement activitywhether committed to animal rights, social justice in the workplace, or advancement for womenis liable to cut itself off from critical insights created in the context of other movements. I became aware of this, particularly during (...)
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  38. Robert J. Benton (1978). The Transcendental Argument in Kant's. Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (3):225-237.score: 120.0
    From this summary account of the deduction we can draw a number of conclusions: In the first place, the guiding thesis used to make sense of the argument was that the argument needed to ground not just the moral law but a cognitive framework within which the moral law is the highest law. This distinction is important since it allows us to distinguish in the practical philosophy (as in the theoretical) a level of transcendental argumentation from a level of metaphysical (...)
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  39. Ted Benton (2008). Environmental Values and Human Purposes. Environmental Values 17 (2):201 - 220.score: 120.0
    Some writings by Alan Holland provide the starting point for an exploration of sources of environmental value in human social practices. It is argued that many practices both serve human purposes and also provide a setting for the emergence of environmental value. Such practices are ones in which activity is embedded in, and so both strongly constrained and enabled by, its conditions and media. Capitalist 'modernisation' has tended to erode these practices and associated values in favour of external purposes and (...)
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  40. John Benton (2004). Lonergan and the Meaning of 'Word'. Journal of Macrodynamic Analysis 4.score: 120.0
    I am in the process of refining my doctorate thesis objective, having battled through a Master’s degree in the Philosophy of Language. The doctoral issue, of course, has many facets: political, academic, locational, and financial. But the topic relevant to this paper is the issue of “interpretation” raised by Lonergan in the third section of chapter 17 of Insight . The challenge of this paper (and this volume) is to lift that section into the context of hodic conversion.
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  41. Ted Benton (1984). Marx on Humans and Animals. In Sean Sayers & Peter Osborne (eds.), Socialism, Feminism, and Philosophy: A Radical Philosophy Reader. Routledge. 235.score: 120.0
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  42. Paul Burkett (1998). Labour, Eco-Regulation, and Value: A Response to Benton's Ecological Critique of Marx. Historical Materialism 3 (1):119-144.score: 72.0
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  43. Michael Boylan, Denise Inge, Frederic Jameson, Scott Barry Kaufman, James C. Kaufman, Dominic Mciver Lopes, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Adrian Pabst, Angus Paddison & Fiona Price (2010). BENTON, MICHAEL. Literary Biography An Introduction.(London: Wiley-Blackwell). 2009. Pp. 280.£ 60.00 (Hbk). BERGMANN, SIGURD. In the Beginning is the Icon: A Liberative Theology of Images, Visual Arts and Culture.(London: Equinox Publishing Limited). 2009. Pp. 256.£ 50.00 (Hbk). [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 50 (1):119.score: 72.0
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  44. Ben A. Minteer (2001). Wilderness and the Wise Province: Benton Mackaye's Pragmatic Vision. Philosophy and Geography 4 (2):185 – 202.score: 48.0
    Benton MacKaye's name is rarely evoked in the fields of environmental history and philosophy. The author of the Appalachian Trail in the early 1920s and a co-founder of the Wilderness Society with Aldo Leopold and Bob Marshall in the 1930s, MacKaye's unique contribution to American environmental thought is seldom recognized. This neglect is particularly egregious in the current debate over the intellectual foundations of the American wilderness idea, a discussion to which I believe MacKaye has much to contribute. Specifically, (...)
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  45. Iain D. Gilchrist Peter J. Etchells, Christopher P. Benton, Casimir J. H. Ludwig (2011). Testing a Simplified Method for Measuring Velocity Integration in Saccades Using a Manipulation of Target Contrast. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 30.0
    A growing number of studies in vision research employ analyses of how perturbations in visual stimuli influence behaviour on single trials. Recently, we have developed a method along such lines to assess the time course over which object velocity information is extracted on a trial-by-trial basis in order to produce an accurate intercepting saccade to a moving target. Here, we present a simplified version of this methodology, and use it to investigate how changes in stimulus contrast affect the temporal velocity (...)
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  46. Sean Sayers (2007). The Concept of Labor: Marx and His Critics. Science and Society 71 (4):431 - 454.score: 24.0
    Marx conceives of labor as form-giving activity. This is criticized for presupposing a "productivist" model of labor which regards work that creates a material product — craft or industrial work — as the paradigm for all work (Habermas, Benton, Arendt). Many traditional kinds of work do not seem to fit this picture, and new "immaterial" forms of labor (computer work, service work, etc.) have developed in postindus trial society which, it is argued, necessitate a fundamental revision of Marx's approach (...)
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  47. Holmes Rolston, Preaching on the Wonder of Creation.score: 24.0
    A sermon on the wonders of creation? "But I don't know if I believe in creation any more, since I've been studying evolution in school," "Well, you do still think that Earth is a wonderland, don't you? Is there anything you have learned in your biology class that has talked you out of that?" The college student home for Easter puzzles a moment. "Not really. You know, I was wondering during the last lecture before I left. Wow! How is it (...)
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  48. Michael Ruse (ed.) (2007). Philosophy of Biology. Prometheus Books.score: 24.0
    Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons of time? (...)
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  49. Benton J. Underwood (1951). Associative Transfer in Verbal Learning as a Function of Response Similarity and Degree of First-List Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (1):44.score: 24.0
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