Search results for 'Roy A. Wiggins' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  1
    David Wiggins (1976). Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as a Natural Kind: David Wiggins. Philosophy 51 (196):131-158.
    Locke defined a person as ‘a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself, the same thinking thing, in different times and places” . To many who have been excited by the same thought as Locke, continuity of consciousness has seemed to be an integral part of what we mean by a person. The intuitive appeal of the idea that to secure the continuing identity of a person one experience must flow into the next (...)
  2.  6
    Gonzalo A. Chavez, Roy A. Wiggins & Munevver Yolas (2001). The Impact of Membership in the Ethics Officer Association. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):39 - 56.
    In this study, we propose considering membership in the Ethics Officer Association (EOA) as a proxy for the firm''s commitment to ethical decision making, and we analyze the influence of firm- and CEO-specific characteristics on this commitment. While we observe a positive relationship between membership and firm size, we also document a negative relationship between EOA membership and the executive''s time in position and, to a more modest extent, accounting returns. Pursuing this further, we present evidence that firms with past (...)
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  3.  59
    David Wiggins (2003). Existence and Contingency: A Note. Philosophy 78 (4):483-494.
    Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, including (...)
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  4.  41
    Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2011). Phenomenological Psychiatry Needs a Big Tent. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):31-32.
    This article by Louis Sass, Josef Parnas, and Dan Zahavi takes us into the midst of a debate over recent developments in phenomenological psychiatry. In "Phenomenological Psychopathology and Schizophrenia: Contemporary Approaches and Misunderstandings" (Sass et al. 2011), Sass et al. are responding to criticisms of their position lodged by Aaron L. Mishara in "Missing Links in Phenomenological Clinical Neuroscience: Why We Are Still Not There Yet" (Mishara 2007). In their reply, Sass et al. offer several helpful clarifications and justifications of (...)
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  5.  44
    David Wiggins (1999). Names, Fictional Names and 'Really': David Wiggins. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):271–286.
    [R. M. Sainsbury] Evans argued that most ordinary proper names were Russellian: to suppose that they have no bearer is to suppose that they have no meaning. The first part of this paper addresses Evans's arguments, and finds them wanting. Evans also claimed that the logical form of some negative existential sentences involves 'really' (e.g. 'Hamlet didn't really exist'). One might be tempted by the view, even if one did not accept its Russellian motivation. However, I suggest that Evans gives (...)
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  6.  1
    Jann E. Schlimme, Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2015). Comments on Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed’s “a Critical Perspective on Second-Order Empathy in Understanding Psychopathology: Phenomenology and Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (2):117-120.
    Understanding the mental life of persons with psychosis/schizophrenia has been the crucial challenge of psychiatry since its origins, both for scientific models as well as for every therapeutic encounter between persons with and without psychosis/schizophrenia. Nonetheless, a preliminary understanding is always the first step of phenomenological as well as other qualitative research methods addressing persons with psychotic experiences in their life-world. In contrast to Rashed's assertions, in order to achieve such understanding, phenomenological psychopathologists need not necessarily adopt the transcendental-phenomenological attitude, (...)
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  7.  87
    Michael A. Schwartz, Osborne P. Wiggins, Jean Naudin & Manfred Spitzer (2005). Rebuilding Reality: A Phenomenology of Aspects of Chronic Schizophrenia. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):91-115.
    Schizophrenia, like other pathological conditions of mental life, has not been systematically included in the general study of consciousness. By focusing on aspects of chronic schizophrenia, we attempt to remedy this omission. Basic components of Husserl’s phenomenology (intentionality, synthesis, constitution, epoche, and unbuilding) are explicated and then employed in an account of chronic schizophrenia. In schizophrenic experience, basic constituents of reality are lost and the subject must try to explicitly re-constitute them. “Automatic mental life” is weakened such that much of (...)
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  8. David Wiggins (2009). What is the Order Among the Varieties of Goodness? A Question Posed by Von Wright; and a Conjecture Made by Aristotle. Philosophy 84 (2):175-200.
    The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called 'focal hypothesis', and combining there-with a suggestion of von Wright's, to (...)
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  9.  63
    David Wiggins (2011). A Reasonable Frugality. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69 (1):175-200.
    1. I begin with a citation from Our Final Century . Its author is Sir Martin Rees, the current President of the Royal Society. A race of scientifically advanced extra-terrestrials watching our solar system could confidently [have predicted] that Earth would face doom in another 6 billion years, when the sun in its death throes swells up into a ‘red giant’ and vaporizes everything remaining on our planet's surface. But could they have predicted this unprecedented spasm [visible already] less than (...)
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  10.  19
    Osborne P. Wiggins & John Z. Sadler (2005). A Window Into Richard M. Zaner's Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (1):1-6.
    This essay introduces a thematic issue focused on the contributions to clinical ethics and the philosophy of medicine by Richard M. Zaner. We consider the apparent divorce of Zaners philosophical roots from his recent narrative immersions into the blooming, buzzing confusions of clinical-moral lifeworlds. Our considerations of the Zanerian context and origins of the clinical encounter introduce the fundamental questions faced by Zaner and his commentators in this issue, questions about the role of ethics consultants, moral authority, and clinical truths.
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  11.  2
    Jean Naudin, Caroline Gros-Azorin, Aaron Mishara, Osborne P. Wiggins, M. Schwartz & J. -M. Azorin (1999). The Use of the Husserlian Reduction as a Method of Investigation in Psychiatry. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):2-3.
    Husserlian reduction is a rigorous method for describing the foundations of psychiatric experience. With Jaspers we consider three main principles inspired by phenomenological reduction: direct givenness, absence of presuppositions, re-presentation. But with Binswanger alone we refer to eidetic and transcendental reduction: to establish a critical epistemology; to directly investigate the constitutive processes of mental phenomena and their disturbances, freed from their nosological background; to question the constitution of our own experience when facing a person with mental illness. Regarding the last (...)
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  12.  0
    David Wiggins (2000). ‘The Right and the Good’ and W. D. Ross's Criticism of Consequentialism: David Wiggins. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 47 (3):175-195.
    The theme announced for these lectures is the philosophy of value. It may seem that moral philosophy, along with aesthetics, the philosophy of art, the philosophy of environment … ought to be a proper part of the philosophy of value. I have chosen mottoes to illustrate the dangers of that supposition.
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  13.  42
    David Wiggins (2001). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance (1980), David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then (...)
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  14. David Wiggins (1987). A Sensible Subjectivism? Basil Blackwell.
     
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  15. David Wiggins (1984). The Sense and Reference of Predicates: A Running Repair to Frege's Doctrine and a Plea for the Copula. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):311-328.
  16. David Wiggins (1973). Towards a Reasonable Libertarianism. In Ted Honderich (ed.), Essays on Freedom of Action. Routledge and Kegan Paul 31.
     
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  17.  59
    David Wiggins (1997). Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu. Mind and Language 12 (3&4):413–421.
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  18.  9
    Michael Schwartz & Osborne Wiggins (1985). Science, Humanism, and the Nature of Medical Practice: A Phenomenological View. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (3):331-361.
  19.  3
    Mark Wiggins & David O'Hare (1995). Expertise in Aeronautical Weather-Related Decision Making: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of General Aviation Pilots. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (4):305.
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  20.  43
    David Wiggins (1976). Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as a Natural Kind. Philosophy 51 (196):131 - 158.
  21. David Wiggins (1980). What Would Be a Substantial Theory of Truth. In Z. Van Straaten (ed.), Philosophical Subjects. Oxford University Press 189--221.
     
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  22.  30
    David Wiggins (2005). An Idea We Cannot Do Without: What Difference Will It Make (Eg. To Moral, Political and Environmental Philosophy) to Recognize and Put to Use a Substantial Conception of Need? Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80 (57):25-.
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  23. David Wiggins (1987). A Sensible Subjectivism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
     
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  24. David Wiggins (1993). A Neglected Position. In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press 329--336.
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  25.  2
    Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael Alan Schwartz (1995). Chris Walker's Interpretation of Karl Jaspers' Phenomenology: A Critique. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (4):319-343.
  26. David Wiggins (1998). Natural and Artificial Virtues. A Vindication of Hume's Scheme. In Roger Crisp (ed.), How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues. Clarendon Press
     
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  27.  1
    David Wiggins (1998). In a Subjectivist Framework, Categorical Requirements and Real Practical Reasons. In Christoph Fehige & Ulla Wessels (eds.), Preferences. De Gruyter 19--212.
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  28.  0
    Martin Vessey, Sir Richard Doll, Richard Peto, Bridget Johnson & Peter Wiggins (1976). A Long-Term Follow-Up Study of Women Using Different Methods of Contraception— an Interim Report. Journal of Biosocial Science 8 (4):373-427.
  29. David Wiggins (1993). Cognitivism, Naturalism, and Normativity: A Reply to Peter Railton. In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press 301--313.
     
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  30. David Wiggins (1995). Eudaimonism and Realism in Aristotle's Ethics: A Reply to John McDowell'. In Robert Heinaman (ed.), Aristotle and Moral Realism. Westview Press
     
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  31.  0
    Osborne P. Wiggins (1988). Logic and the Objectivity of Knowledge: A Study of Husserl's Early Philosophy, by Dallas Willard. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 13 (1):172-175.
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  32. David Wiggins (1996). Sufficient Reason: A Principle in Diverse Guises, Both Ancient and Modern. Acta Philosophica Fennica 61:117-132.
     
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  33.  24
    Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (2010). Psychosomatic Medicine and the Philosophy of Life. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1-5.
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, in addition to (...)
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  34.  3
    Gonzalo A. Chavez, I. I. I. Wiggins & Munevver Yolas (2001). The Impact of Membership in the Ethics Officer Association. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):39-56.
    In this study, we propose considering membership in the Ethics Officer Association (EOA) as a proxy for the firm's commitment to ethical decision making, and we analyze the influence of firm- and CEO-specific characteristics on this commitment. While we observe a positive relationship between membership and firm size, we also document a negative relationship between EOA membership and the executive's time in position and, to a more modest extent, accounting returns. Pursuing this further, we present evidence that firms with past (...)
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  35. Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (2004). Phenomenological and Hermeneutic Models. Understanding and Interpretation in Psychiatry. In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford University Press 351--363.
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  36.  24
    Marcus T. Pearce & Geraint A. Wiggins (2012). Auditory Expectation: The Information Dynamics of Music Perception and Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):625-652.
    Following in a psychological and musicological tradition beginning with Leonard Meyer, and continuing through David Huron, we present a functional, cognitive account of the phenomenon of expectation in music, grounded in computational, probabilistic modeling. We summarize a range of evidence for this approach, from psychology, neuroscience, musicology, linguistics, and creativity studies, and argue that simulating expectation is an important part of understanding a broad range of human faculties, in music and beyond.
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  37.  28
    David Wiggins (2009). Solidarity and the Root of the Ethical. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (2):239-269.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 2008, given by David Wiggins, a British philosopher.
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  38.  21
    Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2005). Richard Zaner's Phenomenology of the Clinical Encounter. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (1):73-87.
    The clinical ethics propounded by Richard Zaner is unique. Partly because of his phenomenological orientation and partly because of his own daily practice as a clinical ethicist in a large university hospital, Zaner focuses on the particular concrete situations in which patients and their families confront illness and injury and struggle toward workable ways for dealing with them. He locates ethical reality in the clinical encounter. This encounter encompasses not only patient and physician but also the patients family and friends (...)
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  39.  13
    Jamie Forth, Geraint Wiggins & Alex McLean (2010). Unifying Conceptual Spaces: Concept Formation in Musical Creative Systems. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (4):503-532.
    We examine Gärdenfors’ theory of conceptual spaces, a geometrical form of knowledge representation (Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000), in the context of the general Creative Systems Framework introduced by Wiggins (J Knowl Based Syst 19(7):449–458, 2006a; New Generation Comput 24(3):209–222, 2006b). Gärdenfors’ theory offers a way of bridging the traditional divide between symbolic and sub-symbolic representations, as well as the gap between representational formalism and meaning as perceived by human minds. We discuss how both (...)
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  40. David Wiggins (ed.) (2003). Conditionals. Clarendon Press.
    Conditionals has at its centre an extended essay on this problematic and much-debated subject in the philosophy of language and logic by the widely respected Oxford philosopher Michael Woods. It has been edited by his eminent colleague David Wiggins, and is accompanied by a commentary specially written by a leading expert on the topic, Dorothy Edgington. This masterly and original treatment of conditionals will demand the attention of all philosophers working in this area.
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  41.  1
    Richard A. Monty, Harry F. Wiggins & Robert Karsh (1969). Keeping Track of Sequential Events: Manipulation of the Incrementing Process. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):408.
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  42.  1
    Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (1998). Commentary on" Neurosis and the Historic Quest for Security". Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):329-331.
  43.  1
    Geraint A. Wiggins (2011). Computer Models of (Music) Cognition. In Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins & Ian Cross (eds.), Language and Music as Cognitive Systems. OUP Oxford 169--188.
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  44.  1
    Osborne Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2002). Community and Society, Melancholy and Sociopathy. In Philip Alperson (ed.), Diversity and Community: An Interdisciplinary Reader. Blackwell Pub. 231--246.
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  45. Alan Bundy, Smaill & Geraint A. Wiggins (1990). The Synthesis of Logic Programs From Inductive Proofs. Department of Artificial Intelligence, University of Edinburgh.
     
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  46. Tim Crane, A. C. Grayling & David Wiggins (1994). Ba Philosophy. External Publications, University of London.
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  47. Tim Duncan, C. S. Mellish, Geraint A. Wiggins & British Computer Society (1992). Alpuk91 Proceedings of the 3rd Uk Conference on Logic Programming, Edinburgh, 10-12 April 1991.
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  48. John Z. Sadfer, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Edwin Harari (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification. Bioethics 10 (2):158-160.
  49. John Z. Sadler, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Mario Rossi Monti (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):241.
  50. David Wiggins (1998). Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value. Oxford University Press.
    Needs, Values, Truth brings together of some of the most important and influential writings by a leading contemporary philosopher, drawn from twenty-five years of his work in the broad area of the philosophy of value. The author ranges between problems of ethics, meta-ethics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of logic and language, looking at questions relating to meaning, truth and objectivity in judgements of value. For this third edition he has added a new essay on incommensurability, in addition to making (...)
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