Search results for 'Roy A. Wiggins' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gonzalo A. Chavez, Roy A. Wiggins & Munevver Yolas (2001). The Impact of Membership in the Ethics Officer Association. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):39 - 56.score: 960.0
    In this study, we propose considering membership in the Ethics Officer Association (EOA) as a proxy for the firm''s commitment to ethical decision making, and we analyze the influence of firm- and CEO-specific characteristics on this commitment. While we observe a positive relationship between membership and firm size, we also document a negative relationship between EOA membership and the executive''s time in position and, to a more modest extent, accounting returns. Pursuing this further, we present evidence that firms with past (...)
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  2. David Wiggins (2003). Existence and Contingency: A Note. Philosophy 78 (4):483-494.score: 600.0
    Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, including (...)
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  3. David Wiggins (1999). Names, Fictional Names and 'Really': David Wiggins. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):271–286.score: 600.0
    [R. M. Sainsbury] Evans argued that most ordinary proper names were Russellian: to suppose that they have no bearer is to suppose that they have no meaning. The first part of this paper addresses Evans's arguments, and finds them wanting. Evans also claimed that the logical form of some negative existential sentences involves 'really' (e.g. 'Hamlet didn't really exist'). One might be tempted by the view, even if one did not accept its Russellian motivation. However, I suggest that Evans gives (...)
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  4. Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2011). Phenomenological Psychiatry Needs a Big Tent. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):31-32.score: 600.0
    This article by Louis Sass, Josef Parnas, and Dan Zahavi takes us into the midst of a debate over recent developments in phenomenological psychiatry. In "Phenomenological Psychopathology and Schizophrenia: Contemporary Approaches and Misunderstandings" (Sass et al. 2011), Sass et al. are responding to criticisms of their position lodged by Aaron L. Mishara in "Missing Links in Phenomenological Clinical Neuroscience: Why We Are Still Not There Yet" (Mishara 2007). In their reply, Sass et al. offer several helpful clarifications and justifications of (...)
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  5. Michael A. Schwartz, Osborne P. Wiggins, Jean Naudin & Manfred Spitzer (2005). Rebuilding Reality: A Phenomenology of Aspects of Chronic Schizophrenia. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):91-115.score: 580.0
    Schizophrenia, like other pathological conditions of mental life, has not been systematically included in the general study of consciousness. By focusing on aspects of chronic schizophrenia, we attempt to remedy this omission. Basic components of Husserl’s phenomenology (intentionality, synthesis, constitution, epoche, and unbuilding) are explicated and then employed in an account of chronic schizophrenia. In schizophrenic experience, basic constituents of reality are lost and the subject must try to explicitly re-constitute them. “Automatic mental life” is weakened such that much of (...)
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  6. David Wiggins (2009). What is the Order Among the Varieties of Goodness? A Question Posed by Von Wright; and a Conjecture Made by Aristotle. Philosophy 84 (2):175-200.score: 420.0
    The great variousness and plurality of goodness has given comfort to general scepticism about values and a multitude of metaethical attitudes or predilections. But is this variousness and plurality really the hotch-potch it has appeared? The paper recapitulates and expands von Wright's typology of the varieties of goodness and looks to explain the order or system that underlies the phenomena by developing and extending a conjecture of Aristotle's, the so-called 'focal hypothesis', and combining there-with a suggestion of von Wright's, to (...)
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  7. Osborne P. Wiggins & John Z. Sadler (2005). A Window Into Richard M. Zaner's Clinical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (1):1-6.score: 420.0
    This essay introduces a thematic issue focused on the contributions to clinical ethics and the philosophy of medicine by Richard M. Zaner. We consider the apparent divorce of Zaners philosophical roots from his recent narrative immersions into the blooming, buzzing confusions of clinical-moral lifeworlds. Our considerations of the Zanerian context and origins of the clinical encounter introduce the fundamental questions faced by Zaner and his commentators in this issue, questions about the role of ethics consultants, moral authority, and clinical truths.
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  8. David Wiggins (1984). The Sense and Reference of Predicates: A Running Repair to Frege's Doctrine and a Plea for the Copula. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):311-328.score: 360.0
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  9. David Wiggins (2011). A Reasonable Frugality. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69 (1):175-200.score: 360.0
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  10. David Wiggins (1997). Sortal Concepts: A Reply to Xu. Mind and Language 12 (3&4):413–421.score: 360.0
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  11. David Wiggins (1976). Locke, Butler and the Stream of Consciousness: And Men as a Natural Kind. Philosophy 51 (196):131 - 158.score: 360.0
  12. David Wiggins (2005). An Idea We Cannot Do Without: What Difference Will It Make (Eg. To Moral, Political and Environmental Philosophy) to Recognize and Put to Use a Substantial Conception of Need? Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80 (57):25-.score: 360.0
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  13. Michael Schwartz & Osborne Wiggins (1985). Science, Humanism, and the Nature of Medical Practice: A Phenomenological View. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (3):331-361.score: 360.0
  14. David Wiggins (1987). A Sensible Subjectivism? Basil Blackwell.score: 360.0
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  15. Jean Naudin, Caroline Gros-Azorin, Aaron Mishara, Osborne P. Wiggins, M. Schwartz & J. -M. Azorin (1999). The Use of the Husserlian Reduction as a Method of Investigation in Psychiatry. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):2-3.score: 360.0
  16. David Wiggins (1987). ``A Sensible Subjectivism&Quot. Oxford: Oxford University Press.score: 360.0
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  17. David Wiggins (1998). In a Subjectivist Framework, Categorical Requirements and Real Practical Reasons. In Christoph Fehige & Ulla Wessels (eds.), Preferences. De Gruyter. 19--212.score: 360.0
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  18. Michael B. Burke, Hugh S. Chandler Roderick M. Chisholm, Frederick C. Doepke, Peter T. Geach, Allan Gibbard, Mark Heller, Frances Howard-Snyder, Peter van Inwagen, Mark Johnston, David Lewis, George Myro, Terence Parsons, Ernest Sosa, JudithJarvis Thomson, Peter Unger & David Wiggins (1997). Material Constitution: A Reader. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 360.0
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  19. Martin Vessey, Sir Richard Doll, Richard Peto, Bridget Johnson & Peter Wiggins (1976). A Long-Term Follow-Up Study of Women Using Different Methods of Contraception— an Interim Report. Journal of Biosocial Science 8 (4):373-427.score: 360.0
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  20. David Wiggins (1993). A Neglected Position. In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press. 329--336.score: 360.0
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  21. David Wiggins (1993). Cognitivism, Naturalism, and Normativity: A Reply to Peter Railton. In John Haldane & Crispin Wright (eds.), Reality, Representation, and Projection. Oxford University Press. 301--313.score: 360.0
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  22. Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael Alan Schwartz (1995). Chris Walker's Interpretation of Karl Jaspers' Phenomenology: A Critique. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (4):319-343.score: 360.0
  23. David Wiggins (1995). Eudaimonism and Realism in Aristotle's Ethics: A Reply to John McDowell'. In Robert Heinaman (ed.), Aristotle and Moral Realism. Westview Press.score: 360.0
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  24. Mark Wiggins & David O'Hare (1995). Expertise in Aeronautical Weather-Related Decision Making: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of General Aviation Pilots. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (4):305.score: 360.0
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  25. David Wiggins (1998). Natural and Artificial Virtues. A Vindication of Hume's Scheme. In Roger Crisp (ed.), How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues. Clarendon Press.score: 360.0
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  26. David Wiggins (1996). Sufficient Reason: A Principle in Diverse Guises, Both Ancient and Modern. Acta Philosophica Fennica 61:117-132.score: 360.0
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  27. David Wiggins (1973). Towards a Reasonable Libertarianism. In Ted Honderich (ed.), Essays on Freedom of Action. Routledge and Kegan Paul. 31.score: 360.0
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  28. David Wiggins (1980). What Would Be a Substantial Theory of Truth. In. In Z. Van Straaten (ed.), Philosophical Subjects. Oxford University Press. 189--221.score: 360.0
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  29. Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (2010). Psychosomatic Medicine and the Philosophy of Life. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1-5.score: 340.0
    Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, in addition to (...)
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  30. Gonzalo A. Chavez, I. I. I. Wiggins & Munevver Yolas (2001). The Impact of Membership in the Ethics Officer Association. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):39-56.score: 340.0
    In this study, we propose considering membership in the Ethics Officer Association (EOA) as a proxy for the firm's commitment to ethical decision making, and we analyze the influence of firm- and CEO-specific characteristics on this commitment. While we observe a positive relationship between membership and firm size, we also document a negative relationship between EOA membership and the executive's time in position and, to a more modest extent, accounting returns. Pursuing this further, we present evidence that firms with past (...)
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  31. Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (2004). Phenomenological and Hermeneutic Models. Understanding and Interpretation in Psychiatry. In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford University Press. 351--363.score: 340.0
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  32. David Wiggins (2001). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.score: 300.0
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance (1980), David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then (...)
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  33. Osborne P. Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2005). Richard Zaner's Phenomenology of the Clinical Encounter. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (1):73-87.score: 300.0
    The clinical ethics propounded by Richard Zaner is unique. Partly because of his phenomenological orientation and partly because of his own daily practice as a clinical ethicist in a large university hospital, Zaner focuses on the particular concrete situations in which patients and their families confront illness and injury and struggle toward workable ways for dealing with them. He locates ethical reality in the clinical encounter. This encounter encompasses not only patient and physician but also the patients family and friends (...)
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  34. Marcus T. Pearce & Geraint A. Wiggins (2012). Auditory Expectation: The Information Dynamics of Music Perception and Cognition. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):625-652.score: 300.0
    Following in a psychological and musicological tradition beginning with Leonard Meyer, and continuing through David Huron, we present a functional, cognitive account of the phenomenon of expectation in music, grounded in computational, probabilistic modeling. We summarize a range of evidence for this approach, from psychology, neuroscience, musicology, linguistics, and creativity studies, and argue that simulating expectation is an important part of understanding a broad range of human faculties, in music and beyond.
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  35. Jamie Forth, Geraint Wiggins & Alex McLean (2010). Unifying Conceptual Spaces: Concept Formation in Musical Creative Systems. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (4):503-532.score: 300.0
    We examine Gärdenfors’ theory of conceptual spaces, a geometrical form of knowledge representation (Conceptual spaces: The geometry of thought, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000), in the context of the general Creative Systems Framework introduced by Wiggins (J Knowl Based Syst 19(7):449–458, 2006a; New Generation Comput 24(3):209–222, 2006b). Gärdenfors’ theory offers a way of bridging the traditional divide between symbolic and sub-symbolic representations, as well as the gap between representational formalism and meaning as perceived by human minds. We discuss how both (...)
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  36. Michael A. Schwartz & Osborne P. Wiggins (1998). Commentary on" Neurosis and the Historic Quest for Security". Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (4):329-331.score: 280.0
  37. Richard A. Monty, Harry F. Wiggins & Robert Karsh (1969). Keeping Track of Sequential Events: Manipulation of the Incrementing Process. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):408.score: 280.0
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  38. Osborne Wiggins & Michael A. Schwartz (2002). Community and Society, Melancholy and Sociopathy. In Philip Alperson (ed.), Diversity and Community: An Interdisciplinary Reader. Blackwell Pub.. 231--246.score: 240.0
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  39. John Z. Sadfer, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Edwin Harari (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification. Bioethics-Oxford 10 (2):158-160.score: 240.0
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  40. John Z. Sadler, Osborne P. Wiggins, Michael A. Schwartz & Mario Rossi Monti (1996). Philosophical Perspectives on Psychiatric Diagnostic Classification. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):241.score: 240.0
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  41. Geraint A. Wiggins (2011). Computer Models of (Music) Cognition. In Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins & Ian Cross (eds.), Language and Music as Cognitive Systems. Oup Oxford. 169--188.score: 240.0
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  42. Roger A. Shiner (1978). Ethics, Value and Reality By Aurel Kolnai Edited by Francis Dunlop and Brian Klug. With a Foreword by Bernard Williams and David Wiggins London: Athlone Press, 1977, Xxv + 251 Pp., £9.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy 53 (206):570-.score: 126.0
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  43. Hilary Putnam (2006). Respuestas a "Needs, Values and Truth", de David Wiggins. Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 11 (32):39-53.score: 126.0
    This paper takes into account the processes of social construction in classification frameworks or conceptual schemes that all societies use as a frame of reference, with its interpretive codes, that give meaning and value to what we do, think, utter and perceive. In modern societies there is confli..
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  44. David Wiggins (2012). Identity, Individuation and Substance. European Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-25.score: 120.0
    The paper takes off from the problem of finding a proper content for the relation of identity as it holds or fails to hold among ordinary things or substances. The necessary conditions of identity are familiar, the sufficient conditions less so. The search is for conditions at once better usable than the Leibnizian Identity of Indiscernibles (independently suspect) and strong enough to underwrite all the formal properties of the relation.It is contended that the key to this problem rests at the (...)
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  45. David Wiggins (2012). Practical Knowledge: Knowing How To and Knowing That. Mind 121 (481):97-130.score: 120.0
    Ryle’s account of practical knowing is much controverted. The paper seeks to place present disputations in a larger context and draw attention to the connection between Ryle’s preoccupations and Aristotle’s account of practical reason, practical intelligence, and the way in which human beings enter into the way of being and acting that Aristotle denominates ethos . Considering matters in this framework, the author finds inconclusive the arguments that Stanley and Williamson offer for seeing knowing how to as a special case (...)
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  46. David Wiggins (2006). Ethics: Twelve Lectures on the Philosophy of Morality. Harvard University Press.score: 120.0
    As the need arises at various points in the book, he pursues a variety of related issues and engages additional thinkers--Plato, C. S. Peirce, Darwin, ...
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  47. David Wiggins (1998). Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value. Oxford University Press.score: 120.0
    Needs, Values, Truth brings together of some of the most important and influential writings by a leading contemporary philosopher, drawn from twenty-five years of his work in the broad area of the philosophy of value. The author ranges between problems of ethics, meta-ethics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of logic and language, looking at questions relating to meaning, truth and objectivity in judgements of value. For this third edition he has added a new essay on incommensurability, in addition to making (...)
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  48. David Wiggins (2004). Wittgenstein on Ethics and the Riddle of Life. Philosophy 79 (3):363-391.score: 120.0
    The paper seeks to interpret and then to criticize Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus paragraph 6.4 to 7 (the end), connecting this so-called mystical section with the “Lecture on Ethics” given in Cambridge in 1929, the Notebooks, and a passage in the Big Typescript. Interpretive and critical efforts focus on the claims: (1) that if having intrinsic value, good or evil, is nothing zufällig, then its basis is nothing in the world; (2) that value can only enter through the willing subject; (...)
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  49. David Wiggins (2004). Neo-Aristotelian Reflections on Justice. Mind 113 (451):477-512.score: 120.0
    The purpose is to stage a dialogue between (1) a pre-liberal conception of justice, represented by Aristotle as revived with the help of ideas of Lucas, Jouvenel and (later on in the argument) G. A. Cohen, and (2) a liberal conception, as founded in Kant and refurbished, renewed and worked out in (say) A Theory of Justice by John Rawls. Among the questions at issue are the roles of habit, disposition and formation; the nature of the dependency (whether one (...)
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  50. David Wiggins (2000). The Presidential Address: Nature, Respect for Nature, and the Human Scale of Values. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (1):1–32.score: 120.0
    I. The development of the earth has not progressed in the way that Leibniz so hopefully envisaged three hundred years ago. Late twentieth century disillusion demonstrated by citation. II-IV. In making sense of that disillusion it is a good beginning to abstain from speculative extravagance and simply to bring the human scale of values to bear; then to inquire how far the destruction of that which we prize has been gratuitous or economically subsidized. The human scale of values is not (...)
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