Search results for 'Russ Manning' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Russell Re Manning (Aachen University of Technology)
Profile: Russell Warren Manning (Monash University)
Profile: Russell Re Manning (Bath Spa University)
  1.  35
    Russ Manning (1981). Environmental Ethics and Rawls' Theory of Justice. Environmental Ethics 3 (2):155-165.
    Although John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice does not deal specifically with the ethics of environmental concerns, it can generally be applied to give justification for the prudent and continent use of our natural resources. The argument takes two forms: one dealing with the immediate effects of environmental impact and the other, delayed effects. Immediate effects, which impact the present society, should besubject to environmental controls because they affect health and opportunity, social primary goods to be dispensed by society. Delayed (...)
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  2. Rita C. Manning (1992). Speaking From the Heart: A Feminist Perspective on Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    'Manning successfully argues that theory and ethics should once again be reunited...thorough and provocative...'—THE MIDWEST BOOK REVIEW.
     
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  3. Thomas Ahnert & Susan Manning (eds.) (2011). Character, Self and Sociability in the Scottish Enlightenment. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Machine generated contents note: -- Reid and Hume on the Possibility of Character--James A. Harris * Adam Smith's Rhetorical Art of Character--Stephen McKenna * The Moral Education of Mankind: Character and Religious Moderatism in the Sermons of Hugh Blair--Thomas Ahnert * The Not-So-Prodigal Son: James Boswell and the Scottish Enlightenment--Anthony La Vopa * Character, Sociability and Correspondence: Elizabeth Griffith and The Letters between Henry and Frances--Eve Tavor Bannet * Smellie's Dreams: Character and Consciousness in the Scottish Enlightenment--Phyllis Mack William * (...)
     
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  4.  9
    Christopher Manning, Finding Contradictions in Text.
    Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Anna N. Rafferty and Christopher D. Manning Linguistics Department Computer Science Department Stanford University Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 Stanford, CA 94305 {rafferty,manning}@stanford.edu mcdm@stanford.edu..
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  5.  19
    Christopher Manning, NIST Open Machine Translation 2008 Evaluation: Stanford University's System Description.
    Michel Galley, Pi-Chuan Chang, Daniel Cer, Jenny R. Finkel, and Christopher D. Manning Computer Science and Linguistics Departments Stanford University..
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  6.  8
    Christopher Manning, Learning Alignments and Leveraging Natural Logic.
    Nathanael Chambers, Daniel Cer, Trond Grenager, David Hall, Chloe Kiddon Bill MacCartney, Marie-Catherine de Marneffe, Daniel Ramage Eric Yeh, Christopher D. Manning Computer Science Department Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305.
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  7.  10
    Christopher Manning, Enriching the Knowledge Sources Used in a Maximum Entropy Part-of-Speech Tagger.
    Kristina Toutanova Christopher D. Manning Dept of Computer Science Depts of Computer Science and Linguistics Gates Bldg 4A, 353 Serra Mall Gates Bldg 4A, 353 Serra Mall Stanford, CA 94305–9040, USA Stanford, CA 94305–9040, USA kristina@cs.stanford.edu manning@cs.stanford.edu..
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  8.  6
    Christopher Manning, Optimizing Chinese Word Segmentation for Machine Translation Performance.
    Pi-Chuan Chang, Michel Galley, and Christopher D. Manning Computer Science Department, Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 pichuan,galley,manning@cs.stanford.edu..
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  9.  4
    Christopher D. Manning, Argument Structure as a Locus for Binding Theory.
    The correct locus (or loci) of binding theory has been a matter of much discussion. Theories can be seen as varying along at least two dimensions. The rst is whether binding theory is con gurationally determined (that is, the theory exploits the geometry of a phrase marker, appealing to such purely structural notions as c-command and government) or whether the theory depends rather on examining the relations between items selected by a predicate (where by selection I am intending to cover (...)
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  10. Erin Manning (2013). Always More Than One: Individuation's Dance. Duke University Press Books.
    In _Always More Than One_, the philosopher, visual artist, and dancer Erin Manning explores the concept of the "more than human" in the context of movement, perception, and experience. Working from Whitehead's process philosophy and Simondon's theory of individuation, she extends the concepts of movement and relation developed in her earlier work toward the notion of "choreographic thinking." Here, she uses choreographic thinking to explore a mode of perception prior to the settling of experience into established categories. Manning (...)
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  11. Erin Manning (2013). Always More Than One: Individuation's Dance. Duke University Press Books.
    In _Always More Than One_, the philosopher, visual artist, and dancer Erin Manning explores the concept of the "more than human" in the context of movement, perception, and experience. Working from Whitehead's process philosophy and Simondon's theory of individuation, she extends the concepts of movement and relation developed in her earlier work toward the notion of "choreographic thinking." Here, she uses choreographic thinking to explore a mode of perception prior to the settling of experience into established categories. Manning (...)
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  12.  1
    Erin Manning (2007). Portrait and Candid Photography: Photo Workshop. Wiley.
    Erin Manning, DIY Network host of The Whole Picture, tells aspiring photographers how to take outstanding photos of people in this full-color book filled with great images Helps readers gain the skills and confidence to successfully use the ...
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  13. Christopher D. Manning, Romance Complex Predicates: In Defence of the Right-Branching Structure.
    Abeill´e and Godard (1994) seek to show that the rightward branching analysis of French tense auxiliaries shown in (1b), that I argued for in Manning (1992) and which is widely adopted in general, is wrong, and that rather we should adopt a flat analysis for this construction as shown in (1c), and they show how such an analysis can be realized within HPSG (Pollard and Sag 1994).
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  14. Erin Manning (2012). Relationscapes: Movement, Art, Philosophy. The MIT Press.
    With _Relationscapes_, Erin Manning offers a new philosophy of movement challenging the idea that movement is simple displacement in space, knowable only in terms of the actual. Exploring the relation between sensation and thought through the prisms of dance, cinema, art, and new media, Manning argues for the intensity of movement. From this idea of intensity--the incipiency at the heart of movement--Manning develops the concept of preacceleration, which makes palpable how movement creates relational intervals out of which (...)
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  15. Erin Manning & Brian Massumi (2014). Thought in the Act: Passages in the Ecology of Experience. Univ of Minnesota Press.
    “Every practice is a mode of thought, already in the act. To dance: a thinking in movement. To paint: a thinking through color. To perceive in the everyday: a thinking of the world’s varied ways of affording itself.” —from _Thought in the Act _Combining philosophy and aesthetics, _Thought in the Act_ is a unique exploration of creative practice as a form of thinking. Challenging the common opposition between the conceptual and the aesthetic, Erin Manning and Brian Massumi “think through” (...)
     
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  16. Erin Manning (2016). The Minor Gesture. Duke University Press Books.
    In this wide-ranging and probing book Erin Manning extends her previous inquiries into the politics of movement to the concept of the minor gesture. The minor gesture, although it may pass almost unperceived, transforms the field of relations. More than a chance variation, less than a volition, it requires rethinking common assumptions about human agency and political action. To embrace the minor gesture's power to fashion relations, its capacity to open new modes of experience and manners of expression, is (...)
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  17. Erin Manning (2016). The Minor Gesture. Duke University Press Books.
    In this wide-ranging and probing book Erin Manning extends her previous inquiries into the politics of movement to the concept of the minor gesture. The minor gesture, although it may pass almost unperceived, transforms the field of relations. More than a chance variation, less than a volition, it requires rethinking common assumptions about human agency and political action. To embrace the minor gesture's power to fashion relations, its capacity to open new modes of experience and manners of expression, is (...)
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  18.  17
    Nick Chater & Christopher D. Manning (2006). Probabilistic Models of Language Processing and Acquisition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):335-344.
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  19.  90
    Nathan Manning (2011). Review: Carolyn D'Cruz, Identity Politics in Deconstruction: Calculating with the Incalculable (Ashgate Publishing, 2008). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 104 (1):118-120.
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  20. Philip Manning (1994). Fuzzy Description: Discovery and Invention in Sociology. History of the Human Sciences 7 (1):117-123.
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  21.  23
    Christopher D. Manning, An Introduction to Information Retrieval.
    1 Boolean retrieval 1 2 The term vocabulary and postings lists 19 3 Dictionaries and tolerant retrieval 49 4 Index construction 67 5 Index compression 85 6 Scoring, term weighting and the vector space model 109 7 Computing scores in a complete search system 135 8 Evaluation in information retrieval 151 9 Relevance feedback and query expansion 177 10 XML retrieval 195 11 Probabilistic information retrieval 219 12 Language models for information retrieval 237 13 Text classification and Naive Bayes 253 (...)
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  22. Christopher Manning, Accurate Unlexicalized Parsing.
    assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its performance of 86.36% (LP/LR F1) is..
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  23.  22
    Clarence Augustus Manning (1922). Russian Dissenters. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 19 (10):270-274.
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  24.  16
    Richard N. Manning (forthcoming). The Norm of Belief. Analysis:anv060.
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  25.  8
    Gideon Manning (2012). Analogy and Falsification in Descartes' Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):402-411.
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  26.  68
    Phil Manning (1989). Resemblances. History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):207-233.
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  27.  60
    Ben A. Minteer, Elizabeth A. Corley & Robert E. Manning (2004). Environmental Ethics Beyond Principle? The Case for a Pragmatic Contextualism. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (2):131-156.
    Many nonanthropocentric environmental ethicists subscribe to a ``principle-ist'''' approach to moral argument, whereby specific natural resource and environmental policy judgments are deduced from the prior articulation of a general moral principle. More often than not, this principle is one requiring the promotion of the intrinsic value of nonhuman nature. Yet there are several problems with this method of moral reasoning, including the short-circuiting of reflective inquiry and the disregard of the complex nature of specific environmental problems and policy arguments. In (...)
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  28.  8
    Gideon Manning (2015). Descartes's Metaphysical Biology. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (2):209-239.
    In the past decade, several Descartes scholars have gone on record claiming that, for biological purposes, Descartes likely accepts the practical scientific necessity of the existence of “physical natures,” even while his official substance-mode ontology and his characterization of matter in terms of extension do not license the existence of physical natures. In this article, I elaborate on the historical context of Descartes’s biology, the “practical scientific necessity” just mentioned, and argue, contrary to other interpretations, that Descartes does offer a (...)
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  29.  16
    Henry Edward Manning (1992). Conclusion Of. The Chesterton Review 18 (4):625-629.
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  30.  10
    Christopher Manning, Probabilistic Syntax.
    “Everyone knows that language is variable.” This is the bald sentence with which Sapir (1921:147) begins his chapter on language as an historical product. He goes on to emphasize how two speakers’ usage is bound to differ “in choice of words, in sentence structure, in the relative frequency with which particular forms or combinations of words are used”. I should add that much sociolinguistic and historical linguistic research has shown that the same speaker’s usage is also variable (Labov 1966, Kroch (...)
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  31. Richard N. Manning (1998). Representation and the Mind-Body Problem in Spinoza. Philosophical Review 107 (4):603-606.
  32.  40
    Ben A. Minteer & Robert E. Manning (1999). Pragmatism in Environmental Ethics: Democracy, Pluralism, and the Management of Nature. Environmental Ethics 21 (2):191-207.
    A growing number of contributors to environmental philosophy are beginning to rethink the field’s mission and practice. Noting that the emphasis of protracted conceptual battles over axiology may not get us very far in solving environmental problems, many environmental ethicists have begun to advocate a more pragmatic, pluralistic, and policy-based approach in philosophical discussions abouthuman-nature relationships. In this paper, we argue for the legitimacy of this approach, stressing that public deliberation and debate over alternative environmental ethics is necessary for a (...)
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  33. J. H. Brooke, F. Watts & R. R. Manning (eds.) (2013). The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology. Oxford Up.
     
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  34.  4
    Stephan Manning & Daniel Roessler (2014). The Formation of Cross-Sector Development Partnerships: How Bridging Agents Shape Project Agendas and Longer-Term Alliances. Journal of Business Ethics 123 (3):527-547.
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  35.  23
    Luke Manning (2015). No Identity Without an Entity. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (1):279-305.
    Peter Geach's puzzle of intentional identity is to explain how the claim ‘Hob thinks a witch has blighted Bob's mare, and Nob wonders whether she killed Cob's sow’ is compatible with there being no such witch. I clarify the puzzle and reduce it to the familiar problem of negative existentials. That problem is a paradox of representations that seem to include denials of commitment , to carry commitment to what they deny commitment to, and to be true. The best proposed (...)
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  36.  9
    David Hall & Christopher D. Manning, Studying the History of Ideas Using Topic Models.
    How can the development of ideas in a scientific field be studied over time? We apply unsupervised topic modeling to the ACL Anthology to analyze historical trends in the field of Computational Linguistics from 1978 to 2006. We induce topic clusters using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, and examine the strength of each topic over time. Our methods find trends in the field including the rise of probabilistic methods starting in 1988, a steady increase in applications, and a sharp decline of research (...)
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  37.  19
    Rita Manning (2011). Punishing the Innocent: Children of Incarcerated and Detained Parents. Criminal Justice Ethics 30 (3):267-287.
    About 2 million minor children in the U.S. have at least one parent incarcerated for criminal offenses. There are about 33,000 undocumented persons detained by Immigration and Customs Enforcement in jails and federal detention centers around the country, and 79% of the minor children of these detainees are U.S. citizens. There are few government programs that measure and respond to the harm caused to these children by the incarceration and detention of their parents, and the negative effects on these children (...)
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  38.  21
    Gideon Manning & Cynthia Klestinec (2015). A New Anatomy. Metascience 24 (1):65-69.
    Howard Adelmann’s majestic five volume Marcello Malpighi and the Evolution of Embryology was published nearly 50 years ago. A mix of paraphrase and translation, as well as extended commentary, Adelmann described Malpighi as “one of the cardinal figures in the history of biology. As we look back over the three centuries that separate him from us, he may, for all his towering stature, at first glance seem a distant figure. And yet he and his work are not so remote after (...)
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  39.  6
    Dan Klein & Christopher D. Manning, Accurate Unlexicalized Parsing.
    We demonstrate that an unlexicalized PCFG can parse much more accurately than previously shown, by making use of simple, linguistically motivated state splits, which break down false independence assumptions latent in a vanilla treebank grammar. Indeed, its performance of 86.36% (LP/LR F1) is better than that of early lexicalized PCFG models, and surprisingly close to the current state-of-theart. This result has potential uses beyond establishing a strong lower bound on the maximum possible accuracy of unlexicalized models: an unlexicalized PCFG is (...)
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  40.  3
    Dan Klein & Christopher D. Manning, A Generative Constituent-Context Model for Improved Grammar Induction.
    We present a generative distributional model for the unsupervised induction of natural language syntax which explicitly models constituent yields and contexts. Parameter search with EM produces higher quality analyses than previously exhibited by unsupervised systems, giving the best published unsupervised parsing results on the ATIS corpus. Experiments on Penn treebank sentences of comparable length show an even higher F1 of 71% on nontrivial brackets. We compare distributionally induced and actual part-of-speech tags as input data, and examine extensions to the basic (...)
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  41.  30
    Rita C. Manning (1997). Liberal and Communitarian Defenses of Workplace Privacy. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):817-823.
    In this paper, I survey liberal and communitarian defenses of privacy, paying particular attention to defenses of privacy in the workplace. I argue that liberalism cannot explain all our of intuitions about the wrongness of workplace invasions of privacy. Communitarianism, on the other hand, is able to account for these intuitions.
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  42.  93
    Rita C. Manning (1984). Corporate Responsibility and Corporate Personhood. Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):77 - 84.
    In this paper, I consider the claim that a corporation cannot be held to be morally responsible unless it is a person. First, I argue that this claim is ambigious. Person flags three different but related notions: metaphysical person, moral agent, moral person. I argue that, though one can make the claim that corporates are metaphysical persons, this claim is only marginally relevant to the question of corporate moral responsibility. The central question which must be answered in discussions of corporate (...)
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  43. Phil Manning (1991). Drama as Life: The Significance of Goffman's Changing Use of the Theatrical Metaphor. Sociological Theory 9 (1):70-86.
    Goffman makes considerable use of the metaphor of social life as theater. This metaphor has a significant impact on his thought in three areas: 1) it is central to his changing views about cynicism and trust in everyday life; 2) metaphor in general is a method of sociological inquiry; and 3) metaphor suggests a "limit" that his later work attempts to transcend.
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  44.  9
    Clarence A. Manning (1947). God with Us. Three Meditations. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 44 (11):308-308.
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  45.  29
    Christopher Manning, Feature-Rich Part-of-Speech Tagging with a Cyclic Dependency Network.
    first-order HMM, the current tag t0 is predicted based on the previous tag t−1 (and the current word).1 The back- We present a new part-of-speech tagger that ward interaction between t0 and the next tag t+1 shows demonstrates the following ideas: (i) explicit up implicitly later, when t+1 is generated in turn. While unidirectional models are therefore able to capture both use of both preceding and following tag con-.
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  46.  12
    Christopher Manning, Extensions to HMM-Based Statistical Word Alignment Models.
    translation. We present a method for using part of speech tag information to improve alignment accu-.
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  47.  4
    Joanna Manning & Ron Paterson (2005). "Prioritization": Rationing Health Care in New Zealand. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 33 (4):681-697.
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  48.  29
    Ben A. Minteer & Robert E. Manning (2000). Convergence in Environmental Values: An Empirical and Conceptual Defense. Ethics, Place and Environment 3 (1):47 – 60.
    Bryan Norton 's convergence hypothesis, which predicts that nonanthropocentric and human-based philosophical positions will actually converge on long-sighted, multi-value environmental policy, has drawn a number of criticisms from within environmental philosophy. In particular, nonanthropocentric theorists like J. Baird Callicott and Laura Westra have rejected the accuracy of Norton 's thesis, refusing to believe that his model's contextual appeals to a plurality of human and environmental values will be able adequately to provide for the protection of ecological integrity. These theoretical criticisms (...)
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  49.  24
    Christopher Manning, Language Varieties.
    Part-of-speech tagging, like any supervised statistical NLP task, is more difficult when test sets are very different from training sets, for example when tagging across genres or language varieties. We examined the problem of POS tagging of different varieties of Mandarin Chinese. An analytic study first showed that unknown words were a major source of difficulty in cross-variety tagging. Unknown words in English tend to be proper nouns. By contrast, we found that Mandarin unknown words were mostly common nouns and (...)
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  50.  11
    Charles G. Manning & Elizabeth F. Loftus, Imagination Inflation: Imagining a Childhood Event Inflates Confidence That It Occurred.
    Counterfactual imaginings are known to have far reaching implications. In the present experiment, we ask if imagining events from one's past can affect memory for childhood events. We draw on the social psychology literature showing that imagining a future event increases the subjective likelihood that the event will occur. The concepts of cognitive availability and the source monitoring framework provide reasons to expect that imagination may inflate confidence that a childhood event occurred. However, people routinely produce myriad counterfactual imaginings (i.e., (...)
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