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Profile: Russ Shafer-Landau (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
  1. Russ Shafer-Landau (2003/2005). Moral Realism: A Defence. Oxford University Press.
    Moral Realism is a systematic defence of the idea that there are objective moral standards. Russ Shafer-Landau argues that there are moral principles that are true independently of what anyone, anywhere, happens to think of them. His central thesis, as well as the many novel supporting arguments used to defend it, will spark much controversy among those concerned with the foundations of ethics.
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  2. Terence Cuneo & Russ Shafer-Landau (2014). The Moral Fixed Points: New Directions for Moral Nonnaturalism. Philosophical Studies 171 (3):399-443.
    Our project in this essay is to showcase nonnaturalistic moral realism’s resources for responding to metaphysical and epistemological objections by taking the view in some new directions. The central thesis we will argue for is that there is a battery of substantive moral propositions that are also nonnaturalistic conceptual truths. We call these propositions the moral fixed points. We will argue that they must find a place in any system of moral norms that applies to beings like us, in worlds (...)
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  3. Russ Shafer-Landau (2003). Moral Realism. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Moral Realism is a systematic defence of the idea that there are objective moral standards. In the tradition of Plato and G. E. Moore, Russ Shafer-Landau argues that there are moral principles that are true independently of what anyone, anywhere, happens to think of them. These principles are a fundamental aspect of reality, just as much as those that govern mathematics or the natural world. They may be true regardless of our ability to grasp them, and their truth is not (...)
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  4.  74
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2012). Evolutionary Debunking, Moral Realism, and Moral Knowledge. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 7 (1).
    This paper reconstructs what I take to be the central evolutionary debunking argument that underlies recent critiques of moral realism. The argument claims that given the extent of evolutionary influence on our moral faculties, and assuming the truth of moral realism, it would be a massive coincidence were our moral faculties reliable ones. Given this coincidence, any presumptive warrant enjoyed by our moral beliefs is defeated. So if moral realism is true, then we can have no warranted moral beliefs, and (...)
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  5. Russ Shafer-Landau (2010). The Fundamentals of Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Part I: The good life -- Hedonism : its powerful appeal -- Is happiness all that matters? -- Getting what you want -- Problems for the desire theory -- Part II: Doing the right thing -- Morality and religion -- Natural law theory -- Psychological egoism -- Ethical egoism -- Consequentialism : its nature and attractions -- Consequentialism : its difficulties -- The kantian perspective : fairness and justice -- The kantian perspective : autonomy and respect -- The (...)
     
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  6. Russ Shafer-Landau (2009). A Defence of Categorical Reasons. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 109 (1pt2):189-206.
    In this paper I offer two arguments designed to defend the existence of categorical reasons, which I define as those justifying considerations that obtain independently of their relation to an agent's commitments. The first argument is based on certain paradigm cases meant to reveal difficulties for practical instrumentalism—the view, as I define it here, that categorical reasons do not exist, because all reasons must serve the commitments of the agents to whom they apply. The second argument relies on considerations of (...)
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  7. Russ Shafer-Landau (2012). Three Problems for Schroeder's Hypotheticalism. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 157 (3):435-443.
    Three problems for Schroeder’s Humean theory of reasons.
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  8. Russ Shafer-Landau (2004). Whatever Happened to Good and Evil? Oxford University Press.
    Since September 11, 2001, many people in the United States have been more inclined to use the language of good and evil, and to be more comfortable with the idea that certain moral standards are objective (true independently of what anyone happens to think of them). Some people, especially those who are not religious, are not sure how to substantiate this view. Whatever Happened to Good and Evil? provides a basis for exploring these doubts and ultimately defends the objectivity of (...)
     
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  9. Russ Shafer-Landau (1994). Ethical Disagreement, Ethical Objectivism and Moral Indeterminacy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):331-344.
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  10. Russ Shafer-Landau (2006). Ethics as Philosophy : A Defense of Ethical Nonnaturalism. In Terry Horgan & Mark Timmons (eds.), Metaethics After Moore. Oxford University Press
     
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  11.  81
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2000). A Defense of Motivational Externalism. Philosophical Studies 97 (3):267-291.
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  12.  83
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1997). Moral Rules. Ethics 107 (4):584-611.
    The traditional conception of ethical theory sees it as the project of developing a coherent set of rules from which one can infer all determinate moral verdicts. I am not optimistic about the prospects for constructing such a theory. To explain this pessimism, we need to understand what moral rules are and what roles they might play in ethical theory.
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  13. Russ Shafer-Landau (2005). Moral Realism: A Defence. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Moral Realism is a systematic defence of the idea that there are objective moral standards. In the tradition of Plato and G. E. Moore, Russ Shafer-Landau argues that there are moral principles that are true independently of what anyone, anywhere, happens to think of them. These principles are a fundamental aspect of reality, just as much as those that govern mathematics or the natural world. They may be true regardless of our ability to grasp them, and their truth is not (...)
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  14. Russ Shafer-Landau (2007). Moral and Theological Realism: The Explanatory Argument. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):311-329.
    There are striking parallels, largely unexplored in the literature, between skeptical arguments against theism and against moral realism. After sketching four arguments meant to do this double duty, I restrict my attention to an explanatory argument that claims that we have most reason to deny the existence of moral facts (and so, by extrapolation, theistic ones), because such putative facts have no causal-explanatory power. I reject the proposed parity, and offer reasons to think that the potential vulnerabilities of moral realism (...)
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  15. Russ Shafer-Landau & Terence Cuneo (eds.) (2007). Foundations of Ethics: An Anthology. Blackwell Pub..
    A substantial collection of seminal articles, Foundations of Ethics covers all of the major issues in metaethics. Covers all of the major issues in metaethics including moral metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology, and philosophy of language. Provides an unparalleled offering of primary sources and expert commentary for students of ethical theory. Includes seminal essays by ethicists such as G.E. Moore, Simon Blackburn, Gilbert Harman, Christine Korsgaard, Michael Smith, Bernard Williams, Jonathan Dancy, and many other leading figures of ethical theory.
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  16.  59
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1996). The Failure of Retributivism. Philosophical Studies 82 (3):289 - 316.
  17.  78
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1991). Can Punishment Morally Educate? Law and Philosophy 10 (2):189 - 219.
    Over the past ten years or so, there has been a renewed interest in the moral education theory of punishment. The attractions of the theory are numerous, not least of which is that it offers hopes for a breakthrough in the apparently intractable debate between deterrence theorists and retributivists. Nevertheless, I believe there are severe problems with recent formulations of the theory. First, contemporary educationists all place great emphasis on autonomy, yet fail to show how continued respect for autonomy is (...)
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  18.  64
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1995). Vagueness, Borderline Cases and Moral Realism. American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1):83 - 96.
  19.  96
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1999). Moral Judgement and Normative Reasons. Analysis 59 (261):33–40.
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  20.  21
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1994). Vegetarianism, Causation and Ethical Theory. Public Affairs Quarterly 8 (1):85-100.
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  21.  52
    Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2006). Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Vol. 3. Oxford University Press.
    The essays included in the series provide an excellent basis for understanding recent developments in the field; those who would like to acquaint themselves ...
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  22.  15
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1997). Through the Moral Maze. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):482-485.
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  23.  14
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2005). Liberalism and Paternalism. Legal Theory 11 (3):169-191.
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  24.  55
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2000). Retributivism and Desert. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):189–214.
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  25.  65
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1998). Moral Judgement and Moral Motivation. Philosophical Quarterly 48 (192):353-358.
    I criticize an important argument of Michael Smith, from his recent book The Moral Problem (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994). Smith's argument, if sound, would undermine one form of moral externalism 2013 that which insists that moral judgements only contingently motivate their authors. Smith claims that externalists must view good agents as always prompted by the motive of duty, and that possession of such a motive impugns the goodness of the agent. I argue (i) that externalists do not (ordinarily) need to assign (...)
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  26.  47
    Russ Shafer-landau (2007). Audi's Intuitionism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):250–261.
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  27.  30
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2012). The Meaning of Moral Disagreements. The Philosophers' Magazine 59 (59):83-89.
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  28.  74
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2005). Precis of Moral Realism: A Defence (Clarendon Press: Oxford, 2003). Philosophical Studies 126 (2):263 - 267.
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  29.  46
    Russ Shafer-Landau (1994). Supervenience and Moral Realism. Ratio 7 (2):145-152.
  30. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2007). Ethical Theory: An Anthology. Blackwell Pub..
    Ethical Theory: An Anthology is an authoritative collection of key essays by top scholars in the field, addressing core issues including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics, as well as traditionally underrepresented topics such as moral knowledge and moral responsibility. Brings together seventy-six classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from classic writing by Hume and Kant to contemporary writing by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, and Judith Jarvis Thomson Guides students through key areas in the field, among them consequentialism, deontology, contractarianism, (...)
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  31. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2007). Oxford Studies in Metaethics Vol. 2. Oxford University Press.
  32. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2007). Oxford Studies in Metaethics Vol. 4. Oxford University Press.
  33. Russ Shafer-Landau & Terence Cuneo (eds.) (2006). Foundations of Ethics: An Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    A substantial collection of seminal articles, _Foundations of Ethics_ covers all of the major issues in metaethics. Covers all of the major issues in metaethics including moral metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology, and philosophy of language. Provides an unparalleled offering of primary sources and expert commentary for students of ethical theory. Includes seminal essays by ethicists such as G.E. Moore, Simon Blackburn, Gilbert Harman, Christine Korsgaard, Michael Smith, Bernard Williams, Jonathan Dancy, and many other leading figures of ethical theory.
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  34. Russ Shafer-Landau & Terence Cuneo (eds.) (2006). Foundations of Ethics: An Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    A substantial collection of seminal articles, _Foundations of Ethics_ covers all of the major issues in metaethics. Covers all of the major issues in metaethics including moral metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology, and philosophy of language. Provides an unparalleled offering of primary sources and expert commentary for students of ethical theory. Includes seminal essays by ethicists such as G.E. Moore, Simon Blackburn, Gilbert Harman, Christine Korsgaard, Michael Smith, Bernard Williams, Jonathan Dancy, and many other leading figures of ethical theory.
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  35.  13
    Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2006). Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 1. Oxford University Press.
    The contents of the inaugural volume of Oxford Studies in Metaethics nicely mirror the variety of issues that make this area of philosophy so interesting. The volume opens with Peter Railton's exploration of some central features of normative guidance, the mental states that underwrite it, and its relationship to our reasons for feeling and acting. In the next offering, Terence Cuneo takes up the case against expressivism, arguing that its central account of the nature of moral judgments is badly mistaken. (...)
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  36.  49
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2005). Error Theory and the Possibility of Normative Ethics. Philosophical Issues 15 (1):107-120.
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  37. Russ Shafer-Landau (1998). Moral Motivation and Moral Judgment. Philosophical Quarterly 48:353-8.
     
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  38.  50
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2005). Replies to Critics. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (2):313 - 329.
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  39.  2
    Russ Shafer-Landau & Michael R. Martin (1995). Autonomy, Value, and Conditioned Desire, Robert Noggle. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (1).
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  40.  9
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2003). Comments: On the Evaluation of Rationality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (Supplement):137-140.
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  41.  18
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2005). Review: Replies to Critics. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 126 (2):313 - 329.
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  42.  22
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2001). Knowing Right From Wrong. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (1):62 – 80.
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  43.  18
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2003). On the Evaluation of Rationality. Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (S1):137-140.
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  44.  10
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2007). The Good in the Right by Robert Audi. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):250-261.
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  45.  3
    Fabian Freyenhagen & Russ Shafer-Landau (2007). Brill Online Books and Journals. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3).
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  46.  3
    Russ Shafer-Landau (2003). Review of Joel Feinberg, Problems at the Root of Law. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (9).
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  47. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2012). Ethical Theory: An Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The second edition of_ Ethical Theory: An Anthology_ features a comprehensive collection of more than 80 essays from classic and contemporary philosophers that address questions at the heart of moral philosophy. Brings together 82 classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from seminal works by Hume and Kant to contemporary views by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, Judith Jarvis Thomson, and many more Features updates and the inclusion of a new section on feminist ethics, along with a general introduction and section (...)
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  48. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2007). Ethical Theory: An Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Ethical Theory: An Anthology_ is an authoritative collection of key essays by top scholars in the field, addressing core issues including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics, as well as traditionally underrepresented topics such as moral knowledge and moral responsibility. Brings together seventy-six classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from classic writing by Hume and Kant to contemporary writing by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, and Judith Jarvis Thomson Guides students through key areas in the field, among them consequentialism, deontology, contractarianism, (...)
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  49. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2007). Ethical Theory: An Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Ethical Theory: An Anthology_ is an authoritative collection of key essays by top scholars in the field, addressing core issues including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics, as well as traditionally underrepresented topics such as moral knowledge and moral responsibility. Brings together seventy-six classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from classic writing by Hume and Kant to contemporary writing by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, and Judith Jarvis Thomson Guides students through key areas in the field, among them consequentialism, deontology, contractarianism, (...)
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  50. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2012). Ethical Theory: An Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The second edition of_ Ethical Theory: An Anthology_ features a comprehensive collection of more than 80 essays from classic and contemporary philosophers that address questions at the heart of moral philosophy. Brings together 82 classic and contemporary pieces by renowned philosophers, from seminal works by Hume and Kant to contemporary views by Derek Parfit, Susan Wolf, Judith Jarvis Thomson, and many more Features updates and the inclusion of a new section on feminist ethics, along with a general introduction and section (...)
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