Search results for 'Ruth Berger' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ruth Berger (1998). Understanding Science: Why Causes Are Not Enough. Philosophy of Science 65 (2):306-332.score: 240.0
    This paper is an empirical critique of causal accounts of scientific explanation. Drawing on explanations which rely on nonlinear dynamical modeling, I argue that the requirement of causal relevance is both too strong and too weak to be constitutive of scientific explanation. In addition, causal accounts obscure how the process of mathematical modeling produces explanatory information. I advance three arguments for the inadequacy of causal accounts. First, I argue that explanatorily relevant information is not always information about causes, even in (...)
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  2. T. W. Adorno, T. J. J. Altizer, Reza A. Aresteh, Michael Argyle, Magda B. Arnold, Peter R. Bell, R. N. Bellah, Ruth F. Benedict, Peter Berger & I. Berlin (forthcoming). BIBLIOGRAPHY (Suggested in Part by the Authors of" Beyond Relativism"). Humanitas.score: 240.0
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  3. Zackary Berger (2011). Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger (Eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics, Foreword by Harold Shapiro. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (3):211-215.score: 120.0
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  4. André Berger, Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu & Claude Millier (2012). André Berger, de la Théorie Astronomique au Réchauffement Global Et au Développement Durable. Natures Sciences Sociétés 20 (3):343-352.score: 120.0
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  5. Harald Berger (2007). Martinus Anglicus (dictus Bilond?), Tractatus de suppositione. Einleitung und Text von Harald Berger. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 12 (1):157-173.score: 120.0
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  6. Karol Berger (2000). A Theory of Art. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    What, if anything, has art to do with the rest of our lives, and in particular with those ethical and political issues that matter to us most? Will art created today be likely to play a role in our lives as profound as that of the best art of the past? A Theory of Art shifts the focus of aesthetics from the traditional debate of "what is art?" to the engaging question of "what is art for?" Skillfully describing the social (...)
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  7. Anne-Emmanuelle Berger & Marta Segarra (eds.) (2011). Demenageries: Thinking (of) Animals After Derrida. Rodopi.score: 60.0
    Thoughtprints Anne E. Berger andMarta Segarra I admit to it in the name of autobiography and in order to confide in you the following: [...] I have a particularly animalist perception and interpretation of what I do, think, write, live, ...
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  8. Alan Berger (ed.) (2011). Saul Kripke. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction Alan Berger; Part I. Naming, Necessity, Identity, and A Priority: 1. Kripke on proper and general names Bernard Linsky; 2. Kripke on vacuous names and names in fiction Nathan Salmon; 3. Kripke on epistemic and modal possibility: two routes to the necessary a posteriori Scott Soames; 4. Possible world semantics and its philosophic foundations Robert Stalnaker; Part II. Formal Semantics, Truth, Philosophy of Math, and Philosophy of Logic: 5. Kripke models for modal logic and (...)
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  9. Louis S. Berger (2011). Language and the Ineffable: A Developmental Perspective and its Applications. Lexington Books.score: 60.0
    In Language and the Ineffable, Berger develops an unconventional model of human development: ontogenesis.
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  10. Fred R. Berger (1975). Gratitude. Ethics 85 (4):298-309.score: 30.0
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  11. Chong Ju Choi & Ron Berger (2010). Ethics of Celebrities and Their Increasing Influence in 21st Century Society. Journal of Business Ethics 91 (3):313 - 318.score: 30.0
    The influence of celebrities in the 21st century extends far beyond the traditional domain of the entertainment sector of society. During the recent Palestinian presidential elections, the Hollywood actor Richard Gere broadcast a televised message to voters in the region and stated, “Hi, I’m Richard Gere, and I’m speaking for the entire world”. Celebrities in the 21st century have expanded from simple product endorsements to global political and international diplomacy. The celebrities industry is undergoing, “mission creep”, or the expansion of (...)
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  12. George Berger (1968). The Conceptual Possibility of Time Travel. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):152-155.score: 30.0
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  13. George Berger (1982). The Mind-Body Problem, a Psychological Approach. Erkenntnis 17 (3):399-403.score: 30.0
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  14. Francois Berger, Sjef Gevers, Ludwig Siep & Klaus-Michael Weltring (2008). Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects of Brain-Implants Using Nano-Scale Materials and Techniques. Nanoethics 2 (3):241-249.score: 30.0
    Nanotechnology is an important platform technology which will add new features like improved biocompatibility, smaller size, and more sophisticated electronics to neuro-implants improving their therapeutic potential. Especially in view of possible advantages for patients, research and development of nanotechnologically improved neuro implants is a moral obligation. However, the development of brain implants by itself touches many ethical, social and legal issues, which also apply in a specific way to devices enabled or improved by nanotechnology. For researchers developing nanotechnology such issues (...)
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  15. Jeffrey T. Berger (2010). What About Process? Limitations in Advance Directives, Care Planning, and Noncapacitated Decision Making. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):33 – 34.score: 30.0
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  16. Fred R. Berger (1970). 'Law and Order' and Civil Disobedience. Inquiry 13 (1-4):254 – 273.score: 30.0
    Law and order ranks high among the values the State is thought to achieve. Civil disobedience is often condemned because it is held to threaten law and order. Several senses of 'order' are distinguished, which make clear why 'law' and 'order' are so often linked. It is then argued that the connection cannot always be made since the legal system may itself create disorder. Civil disobedience may contribute to greater order and a more stable legal system by helping to remove (...)
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  17. Douglas L. Berger (2009). Death, Contemplation and Schopenhauer (Review). Philosophy East and West 59 (1):pp. 115-118.score: 30.0
  18. George Berger (1972). Temporally Symmetric Causal Relations in Minkowski Space-Time. Synthese 24 (1-2):58 - 73.score: 30.0
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  19. Alan Berger (2003). The Quinean Quandary and the Indispensability of Nonnaturalized Epistemology. Philosophical Forum 34 (3-4):367–382.score: 30.0
  20. Douglas L. Berger (2010). Acquiring Emptiness: Interpreting Nāgārjuna's Mmk 24:18. Philosophy East and West 60 (1):pp. 40-64.score: 30.0
    A pivotal focus of exegesis of Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārïkā (MMK) for the past half century has been the attempt to decipher the text's philosophy of language, and determine how this best aids us in characterizing Madhyamaka thought as a whole. In this vein, MMK 24:18 has been judged of particular weight insofar as it purportedly insists that the concepts pratītyasamutpāda (conditioned co-arising) and śūnyatā (emptiness), both indispensable to Buddhist praxis, are themselves only "nominal" or "conventional," that is, they are merely labels (...)
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  21. Alan Berger (2002). A Formal Semantics for Plural Quantification, Intersentential Binding and Anaphoric Pronouns as Rigid Designators. Noûs 36 (1):50–74.score: 30.0
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  22. Chong Ju Choi & Ron Berger (2009). Ethics of Global Internet, Community and Fame Addiction. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):193 - 200.score: 30.0
    Robert Putnam in his book Bowling Alone and subsequent works has analysed the phenomenon that American society increasingly avoids various community driven activities, such as civic associations, activities with friends and family (Putnam, Bowling Alone. Simon and Schuster, New York; 2006). In this paper we introduce the idea that a counterpart to this social trend is a global addiction to fame and celebrity. We believe that the global internet is one of the major drivers of this search for fame for (...)
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  23. G. Berger (1987). On the Structure of Visual Sentience. Synthese 71 (June):355-70.score: 30.0
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  24. Alan Berger (1988). Anaphoric Terms, Kaplan and a New Puzzle for Identity Statements. Erkenntnis 29 (3):369 - 393.score: 30.0
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  25. Margaret P. Gilbert & Fred R. Berger, On an Argument for the Impossibility of Prediction in the Social Sciences.score: 30.0
    This paper criticises a line of argument adopted by peter winch, Karl popper, And others, To the effect that the course of human history cannot be predicted. On this view it is impossible to predict in a particularly detailed way certain events ('original acts') on which important social developments depend. We analyze the argument, Showing that one version fails: original acts are in principle predictable in the relevant way. A cogent version is presented; this requires a special definition for 'original (...)
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  26. Elmar Weinmayr, tr Krummel, John W. M. & Douglas Ltr Berger (2005). Thinking in Transition: Nishida Kitaro and Martin Heidegger. Philosophy East and West 55 (2):232-256.score: 30.0
    : Two major philosophers of the twentieth century, the German existential phenomenologist Martin Heidegger and the seminal Japanese Kyoto School philosopher Nishida Kitarō are examined here in an attempt to discern to what extent their ideas may converge. Both are viewed as expressing, each through the lens of his own tradition, a world in transition with the rise of modernity in the West and its subsequent globalization. The popularity of Heidegger's thought among Japanese philosophers, despite its own admitted limitation to (...)
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  27. H. H. Berger (1963). Der Partizipationsgedanke Im Metaphysik-Kommentar Des Thomas Von Aquin. Vivarium 1 (1):115-140.score: 30.0
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  28. Douglas L. Berger (2008). Relational and Intrinsic Moral Roots: A Brief Contrast of Confucian and Hindu Concepts of Duty. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (2):157-163.score: 30.0
  29. Douglas L. Berger (2008). In Search of Affinities: Knowledge and Action in Indian Thought. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 58 (4):pp. 583-593.score: 30.0
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  30. Joseph Berger (2000). Theory and Formalization: Some Reflections on Experience. Sociological Theory 18 (3):482-489.score: 30.0
    I describe in this paper some of my efforts in developing formal theories of social processes. These include work on models of occupational mobility, on models to describe the emergence of expectations out of performance evaluations, and on the graph theory formulation of the Status Characteristics theory. Not all models have been equally significant in developing theory. However, the graph theory formulation has played a central role in the growth of the Expectation States program. It has been involved in the (...)
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  31. Alan Berger (1983). Quine on Alternative Logics: A Reply. Journal of Philosophy 80 (2):127-129.score: 30.0
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  32. Jeffrey T. Berger & Martin Gunderson (2006). Say What You Mean and Mean What You Say: A Patient's Conflicting Preferences for Care. Hastings Center Report 36 (1):14-15.score: 30.0
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  33. Jason Berger & Cornelius B. Pratt (1998). Teaching Business-Communication Ethics with Controversial Films. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1817-1823.score: 30.0
    Two recent films by Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, David Mamet, can provide opportunities for observing student reactions to ethically troublesome situations and for discussing business-communication ethics in the classroom. The key question addressed in this article is whether business-communication courses, for example, those in public relations, can encourage students to make the "metaphoric leap" and apply Mamet's messages to class readings and discussions on ethical problems or challenges. Through showing two films in their entirety and conducting focus groups among upper-level undergraduates, (...)
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  34. George Berger (1971). Earman on Temporal Anisotropy. Journal of Philosophy 68 (5):132-137.score: 30.0
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  35. Alan Berger (1980). Quine on "Alternative Logics" and Verdict Tables. Journal of Philosophy 77 (5):259-277.score: 30.0
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  36. Charles Berger (1996). Reading as Poets Read: Following Mark Strand. Philosophy and Literature 20 (1):177-188.score: 30.0
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  37. Gaston Berger (1946). The Different Trends of Contemporary French Philosophy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7 (1):1-11.score: 30.0
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  38. David Berger (2009). Kant's Aesthetic Theory: The Beautiful and Agreeable. Continuum.score: 30.0
    The twofold conception of taste -- The beautiful and the agreeable -- Sensations and interests -- Some varieties of normativity.
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  39. Douglas Berger, Nagarjuna. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  40. Joseph Berger, David Willer & Morris Zelditch (2005). Theory Programs and Theoretical Problems. Sociological Theory 23 (2):127-155.score: 30.0
    Some sociologists argue that sociological theory does not grow and the reason why it does not grow is that the discipline lacks a core of highly developed, almost universally accepted, paradigms; even worse, because it is reflexive, its criteria of problem and theory choice are so noncognitive that there are no paradigms, hence no progress, in its future. We do not question that sociology lacks a core of almost universally accepted paradigms, nor that highly developed paradigms may be a sufficient (...)
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  41. Jonathan Moreno & Sam Berger (2006). Taking Stem Cells Seriously. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):6 – 7.score: 30.0
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  42. Ulrich Berger, Stefan Berghofer, Pierre Letouzey & Helmut Schwichtenberg (2006). Program Extraction From Normalization Proofs. Studia Logica 82 (1):25 - 49.score: 30.0
    This paper describes formalizations of Tait's normalization proof for the simply typed λ-calculus in the proof assistants Minlog, Coq and Isabelle/HOL. From the formal proofs programs are machine-extracted that implement variants of the well-known normalization-by-evaluation algorithm. The case study is used to test and compare the program extraction machineries of the three proof assistants in a non-trivial setting.
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  43. Joseph Berger, Cecilia L. Ridgeway & Morris Zelditch (2002). Construction of Status and Referential Structures. Sociological Theory 20 (2):157-179.score: 30.0
    Beliefs about diverse status characteristics have a common core content of performance capacities and qualities made up of two features: hierarchy (superior/inferior capacities) and role-differentiation (instrumental/expressive qualities). Whatever the status characteristic, its more-valued state tends to be defined as superior and instrumental, and the less-valued state tends to be defined as inferior but expressive. We account for this in terms of the typification of differences in behavioral inequalities and profiles that emerge in task oriented social interaction. Status construction theory argues (...)
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  44. Sarah E. Berger (2001). Accounting for Infant Perseveration Beyond the Manual Search Task. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):34-35.score: 30.0
    Although the dynamic field model predicts infants' perseverative behavior in the context of the A-not-B manual search task, it does not account for infant perseveration in other contexts. An alternative cognitive capacity explanation for perseveration is more parsimonious. It accounts for the graded nature of perseverative responses and perseveration in different contexts.
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  45. Kenneth R. Berger & Edmond A. Murphy (1989). Angular Homeostasis: III. The Formalism of Discrete Orbits in Ontogeny. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).score: 30.0
    The formal properties of orbits in a plane are explored by elementary topology. The notions developed from first principles include: convex and polygonal orbits; convexity; orientation, winding number and interior; convex and star-shaped regions. It is shown that an orbit that is convex with respect to each of its interior points bounds a convex region. Also, an orbit that is convex with respect to a fixed point bounds a star-shaped region.Biological considerations that directed interest to these patterns are indicated, and (...)
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  46. Jeffrey T. Berger (1996). Conflict and Quality-of-Life Concerns in the Nursing Home. HEC Forum 8 (3):180-186.score: 30.0
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  47. George Berger (1976). Realism and Complex Entities. Philosophical Studies 30 (2):95 - 103.score: 30.0
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  48. Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (2007). Biotechnology and the New Right: Neoconservatism's Red Menace. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):7 – 13.score: 30.0
    Although the neoconservative movement has come to dominate American conservatism, this movement has its origins in the old Marxist Left. Communists in their younger days, as the founders of neoconservatism, inverted Marxist doctrine by arguing that moral values and not economic forces were the primary movers of history. Yet the neoconservative critique of biotechnology still borrows heavily from Karl Marx and owes more to the German philosopher Martin Heidegger than to the Scottish philosopher and political economist Adam Smith. Loath to (...)
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  49. Sheila Ruth (1979). Methodocracy, Misogyny, and Bad Faith: Sexism in the Philosophic Establishment. Metaphilosophy 10 (1):48–61.score: 30.0
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  50. Sam Berger (2009). Politics by Another Name. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):61 – 63.score: 30.0
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