Search results for 'Ruth Berger' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  49
    Ruth Berger (1998). Understanding Science: Why Causes Are Not Enough. Philosophy of Science 65 (2):306-332.
    This paper is an empirical critique of causal accounts of scientific explanation. Drawing on explanations which rely on nonlinear dynamical modeling, I argue that the requirement of causal relevance is both too strong and too weak to be constitutive of scientific explanation. In addition, causal accounts obscure how the process of mathematical modeling produces explanatory information. I advance three arguments for the inadequacy of causal accounts. First, I argue that explanatorily relevant information is not always information about causes, even in (...)
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  2. T. W. Adorno, T. J. J. Altizer, Reza A. Aresteh, Michael Argyle, Magda B. Arnold, Peter R. Bell, R. N. Bellah, Ruth F. Benedict, Peter Berger & I. Berlin (forthcoming). ""BIBLIOGRAPHY (Suggested in Part by the Authors of" Beyond Relativism"). Humanitas.
     
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  3. Ruth Berger (1997). The Dynamics of Explanation: Mathematical Modeling and Scientific Understanding. Dissertation, Indiana University
    This dissertation challenges two prevalent views on the topic of scientific explanation: that science explains by revealing causal mechanisms, and that science explains by unifying our knowledge of the world. ;My methodological strategy is to compare our best current philosophical accounts of scientific explanation with evidence from contemporary scientific research. In particular, I focus on evidence from dynamical explanations, that is, explanations which appeal to nonlinear dynamical modeling for their force. Nonlinear dynamical modeling is a type of mathematical modeling which (...)
     
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  4.  29
    Zackary Berger (2011). Jonathan D. Moreno and Sam Berger (Eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics, Foreword by Harold Shapiro. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (3):211-215.
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  5.  4
    André Berger, Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu & Claude Millier (2012). André Berger, de la Théorie Astronomique au Réchauffement Global Et au Développement Durable. Natures Sciences Sociétés 20 (3):343-352.
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  6.  2
    Harald Berger (2007). Martinus Anglicus (dictus Bilond?), Tractatus de suppositione. Einleitung und Text von Harald Berger. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 12 (1):157-173.
    L. M. de Rijk supposed in 1982 that two anonymous logical tracts in the Viennese Codex 4698, fol. 18r-27v, may be the work of Martinus Anglicus to whom a tract on consequences and one on obligations are ascribed in that codex. The tract on supposition of which the Viennese codex hands down only a fragment of the beginning is contained completely in Hs I 613 of the Stadtbibliothek Mainz, fol. 20vb-21vb. This finding ensures the authorship of Martinus Anglicus and allows (...)
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  7. Alan Berger (2002). Terms and Truth: Reference Direct and Anaphoric. A Bradford Book.
    In this book, Alan Berger further develops the new theory of reference -- as formulated by Kripke and Putnam -- applying it in novel ways to many philosophical problems concerning reference and existence. Berger argues that his notion of anaphoric background condition and anaphoric links within a linguistic community are crucial not only to a theory of reference, but to the analysis of these problems as well. The book is organized in three parts. In part I, Berger (...)
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  8.  8
    Ulrich Berger (1993). Total Sets and Objects in Domain Theory. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 (2):91-117.
    Berger, U., Total sets and objects in domain theory, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 60 91-117. Total sets and objects generalizing total functions are introduced into the theory of effective domains of Scott and Ersov. Using these notions Kreisel's Density Theorem and the Theorem of Kreisel-Lacombe-Shoenfield are generalized. As an immediate consequence we obtain the well-known continuity of computable functions on the constructive reals as well as a domain-theoretic characterization of the Heriditarily Effective Operations.
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  9.  13
    Anne-Emmanuelle Berger & Marta Segarra (eds.) (2011). Demenageries: Thinking (of) Animals After Derrida. Rodopi.
    Thoughtprints Anne E. Berger andMarta Segarra I admit to it in the name of autobiography and in order to confide in you the following: [...] I have a particularly animalist perception and interpretation of what I do, think, write, live, ...
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  10.  53
    Karol Berger (1999). A Theory of Art. Oxford University Press.
    What, if anything, has art to do with the rest of our lives, and in particular with those ethical and political issues that matter to us most? Will art created today be likely to play a role in our lives as profound as that of the best art of the past? A Theory of Art shifts the focus of aesthetics from the traditional debate of "what is art?" to the engaging question of "what is art for?" Skillfully describing the social (...)
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  11. Louis S. Berger (2011). Language and the Ineffable: A Developmental Perspective and its Applications. Lexington Books.
    The prevailing conception of language is often called "the received view." Though ubiquitous, Louis S. Berger demonstrates its flaws and the difficulties it raises for other disciplines, such as philosophy and physics. In Language and the Ineffable, Berger develops an unconventional model of human development: ontogenesis. A radical and generative feature of the model is the premise that the neonate's world is holistic, boundary-less, unimaginable, and impossible to describe; in other words, ineffable. This study unsettles the foundations of (...)
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  12. Brenda Berger & Stephanie Newman (eds.) (2011). Money Talks: In Therapy, Society, and Life. Routledge.
    Sometimes referred to as "the last taboo," money has remained something of a secret within psychoanalysis. Ironically, while it is an ingredient in almost every encounter between analyst and patient, the analyst's personal feelings about money are rarely discussed openly or in any great depth. So what is it about money that relegates it to the background, both on the couch and off? In _Money Talks_, Brenda Berger, Stephanie Newman, and their excellent cast of contributors address this and other (...)
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  13. Louis S. Berger (2016). Psychoanalytic Theory and Clinical Relevance: What Makes a Theory Consequential for Practice? Routledge.
    In this provocative contribution to both psychoanalytic theory and the philosophy of science, Louis Berger grapples with the nature of "consequential" theorizing, i.e., theorizing that is relevant to what transpires in clinical practice. By examining analysis as a genre of "state process formalism" - the standard format of scientific theories - Berger demonstrates why contemporary theorizing inevitably fails to explain crucial aspects of practice. His critique, in this respect, pertains both to the formal structure of psychoanalytic explanation and (...)
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  14.  16
    Alan Berger (ed.) (2011). Saul Kripke. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction Alan Berger; Part I. Naming, Necessity, Identity, and A Priority: 1. Kripke on proper and general names Bernard Linsky; 2. Kripke on vacuous names and names in fiction Nathan Salmon; 3. Kripke on epistemic and modal possibility: two routes to the necessary a posteriori Scott Soames; 4. Possible world semantics and its philosophic foundations Robert Stalnaker; Part II. Formal Semantics, Truth, Philosophy of Math, and Philosophy of Logic: 5. Kripke models for modal logic and (...)
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  15. Alan Berger (2005). Terms and Truth: Reference Direct and Anaphoric. A Bradford Book.
    In this book, Alan Berger further develops the new theory of reference -- as formulated by Kripke and Putnam -- applying it in novel ways to many philosophical problems concerning reference and existence. Berger argues that his notion of anaphoric background condition and anaphoric links within a linguistic community are crucial not only to a theory of reference, but to the analysis of these problems as well. The book is organized in three parts. In part I, Berger (...)
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  16. Arthur Asa Berger (2012). Theorizing Tourism: Analyzing Iconic Destinations. Left Coast Press.
    A useful introduction to the critical study of tourism, this brief text applies semiotics and cultural theory to deal with some of our most iconic global destinations. It offers accessible analyses of 18 famous tourist locations from the Taj Mahal to Red Square, and from the Eiffel Tower to Antarctica. Written in Berger’s friendly style, it allows students to critically examine the political, cultural and economic significance these locales and understand their importance to tourism. Study questions add more pedagogical (...)
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  17. Elmar Weinmayr, tr Krummel, John W. M. & Douglas Ltr Berger (2005). Thinking in Transition: Nishida Kitaro and Martin Heidegger. Philosophy East and West 55 (2):232-256.
    : Two major philosophers of the twentieth century, the German existential phenomenologist Martin Heidegger and the seminal Japanese Kyoto School philosopher Nishida Kitarō are examined here in an attempt to discern to what extent their ideas may converge. Both are viewed as expressing, each through the lens of his own tradition, a world in transition with the rise of modernity in the West and its subsequent globalization. The popularity of Heidegger's thought among Japanese philosophers, despite its own admitted limitation to (...)
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  18.  51
    Ulrich Berger, Stefan Berghofer, Pierre Letouzey & Helmut Schwichtenberg (2006). Program Extraction From Normalization Proofs. Studia Logica 82 (1):25 - 49.
    This paper describes formalizations of Tait's normalization proof for the simply typed λ-calculus in the proof assistants Minlog, Coq and Isabelle/HOL. From the formal proofs programs are machine-extracted that implement variants of the well-known normalization-by-evaluation algorithm. The case study is used to test and compare the program extraction machineries of the three proof assistants in a non-trivial setting.
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  19.  11
    Carl Malinowski & Karen A. Berger (1996). Undergraduate Student Attitudes About Hypothetical Marketing Dilemmas. Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):525 - 535.
    This study investigated the attitudinal responses of 403 undergraduate students with respect to nine hypothetical marketing moral dilemmas. Participants varied by gender, major, and age.It was found that undergraduate women responded more ethically on the hypothetical marketing moral dilemmas, as hypothesized. Secondly, chosen major did not make a difference on cognitive, affective, or behavioral responses. Further, the overall means for each scenario were in the morally correct direction in every case. Also, all intercorrelations for each story were significant. Finally, whenever (...)
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  20. Joseph Berger (2000). Theory and Formalization: Some Reflections on Experience. Sociological Theory 18 (3):482-489.
    I describe in this paper some of my efforts in developing formal theories of social processes. These include work on models of occupational mobility, on models to describe the emergence of expectations out of performance evaluations, and on the graph theory formulation of the Status Characteristics theory. Not all models have been equally significant in developing theory. However, the graph theory formulation has played a central role in the growth of the Expectation States program. It has been involved in the (...)
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  21. Fred R. Berger (1975). Gratitude. Ethics 85 (4):298-309.
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  22. Alan Berger (1983). Quine on Alternative Logics: A Reply. Journal of Philosophy 80 (2):127-129.
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  23.  5
    Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (2007). Biotechnology and the New Right: Neoconservatism's Red Menace. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):7 – 13.
    Although the neoconservative movement has come to dominate American conservatism, this movement has its origins in the old Marxist Left. Communists in their younger days, as the founders of neoconservatism, inverted Marxist doctrine by arguing that moral values and not economic forces were the primary movers of history. Yet the neoconservative critique of biotechnology still borrows heavily from Karl Marx and owes more to the German philosopher Martin Heidegger than to the Scottish philosopher and political economist Adam Smith. Loath to (...)
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  24. George Berger (1968). The Conceptual Possibility of Time Travel. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (2):152-155.
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  25.  17
    Jason Berger & Cornelius B. Pratt (1998). Teaching Business-Communication Ethics with Controversial Films. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1817-1823.
    Two recent films by Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, David Mamet, can provide opportunities for observing student reactions to ethically troublesome situations and for discussing business-communication ethics in the classroom. The key question addressed in this article is whether business-communication courses, for example, those in public relations, can encourage students to make the "metaphoric leap" and apply Mamet's messages to class readings and discussions on ethical problems or challenges. Through showing two films in their entirety and conducting focus groups among upper-level undergraduates, (...)
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  26.  79
    George Berger (1982). The Mind-Body Problem, a Psychological Approach. Erkenntnis 17 (3):399-403.
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  27.  64
    Alan Berger (2003). The Quinean Quandary and the Indispensability of Nonnaturalized Epistemology. Philosophical Forum 34 (3-4):367–382.
  28.  51
    George Berger (1972). Temporally Symmetric Causal Relations in Minkowski Space-Time. Synthese 24 (1-2):58 - 73.
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  29.  49
    G. Berger (1987). On the Structure of Visual Sentience. Synthese 71 (June):355-70.
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  30.  24
    Jeffrey T. Berger & Martin Gunderson (2006). Say What You Mean and Mean What You Say: A Patient's Conflicting Preferences for Care. Hastings Center Report 36 (1):14-15.
  31.  39
    Alan Berger (1988). Anaphoric Terms, Kaplan and a New Puzzle for Identity Statements. Erkenntnis 29 (3):369 - 393.
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  32.  26
    Alan Berger (1980). Quine on "Alternative Logics" and Verdict Tables. Journal of Philosophy 77 (5):259-277.
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  33.  35
    Alan Berger (2002). A Formal Semantics for Plural Quantification, Intersentential Binding and Anaphoric Pronouns as Rigid Designators. Noûs 36 (1):50–74.
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  34.  30
    Douglas L. Berger (2008). Relational and Intrinsic Moral Roots: A Brief Contrast of Confucian and Hindu Concepts of Duty. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (2):157-163.
  35.  28
    Joseph Berger, David Willer & Morris Zelditch (2005). Theory Programs and Theoretical Problems. Sociological Theory 23 (2):127-155.
    Some sociologists argue that sociological theory does not grow and the reason why it does not grow is that the discipline lacks a core of highly developed, almost universally accepted, paradigms; even worse, because it is reflexive, its criteria of problem and theory choice are so noncognitive that there are no paradigms, hence no progress, in its future. We do not question that sociology lacks a core of almost universally accepted paradigms, nor that highly developed paradigms may be a sufficient (...)
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  36.  12
    Douglas Berger, Nagarjuna. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  37.  13
    Joseph Berger, Cecilia L. Ridgeway & Morris Zelditch (2002). Construction of Status and Referential Structures. Sociological Theory 20 (2):157-179.
    Beliefs about diverse status characteristics have a common core content of performance capacities and qualities made up of two features: hierarchy (superior/inferior capacities) and role-differentiation (instrumental/expressive qualities). Whatever the status characteristic, its more-valued state tends to be defined as superior and instrumental, and the less-valued state tends to be defined as inferior but expressive. We account for this in terms of the typification of differences in behavioral inequalities and profiles that emerge in task oriented social interaction. Status construction theory argues (...)
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  38.  4
    Edmond A. Murphy, Kenneth R. Berger, Joseph E. Trojak & E. Manuel Rosell (1989). Angular Homeostasis: IV. Polygonal Orbits. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).
    Some properties are discussed of regular polygons that may result from angular homeostatic processes in stable orbit. To characterize these homeostatic polygons we need to discuss the winding number, the sidedness (integer, fractional and irrational), multiplicity, envelopes, and density. A regular (i.e., equilateral, equiangular) polygon may be closed in one revolution about its unique center, in multiple revolutions, or not at all. A homeostatic polygon can be generated only if all vertices are included in a single polygon, which occurs if (...)
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  39.  17
    Kenneth R. Berger & Edmond A. Murphy (1989). Angular Homeostasis: III. The Formalism of Discrete Orbits in Ontogeny. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).
    The formal properties of orbits in a plane are explored by elementary topology. The notions developed from first principles include: convex and polygonal orbits; convexity; orientation, winding number and interior; convex and star-shaped regions. It is shown that an orbit that is convex with respect to each of its interior points bounds a convex region. Also, an orbit that is convex with respect to a fixed point bounds a star-shaped region.Biological considerations that directed interest to these patterns are indicated, and (...)
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  40.  23
    Margaret P. Gilbert & Fred R. Berger, On an Argument for the Impossibility of Prediction in the Social Sciences.
    This paper criticises a line of argument adopted by peter winch, Karl popper, And others, To the effect that the course of human history cannot be predicted. On this view it is impossible to predict in a particularly detailed way certain events ('original acts') on which important social developments depend. We analyze the argument, Showing that one version fails: original acts are in principle predictable in the relevant way. A cogent version is presented; this requires a special definition for 'original (...)
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  41.  22
    George Berger (1971). Earman on Temporal Anisotropy. Journal of Philosophy 68 (5):132-137.
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  42.  15
    Ulrich Berger (2007). G. Gierz, K. H. Hofmann, K. Keimel, J. D. Lawson, M. W. Mislove and D. S. Scott, Continuous Lattices and Domains. Studia Logica 86 (1):137-138.
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  43.  15
    Jeffrey T. Berger (1996). Conflict and Quality-of-Life Concerns in the Nursing Home. HEC Forum 8 (3):180-186.
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  44.  12
    George Berger (1976). Realism and Complex Entities. Philosophical Studies 30 (2):95 - 103.
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  45.  16
    Gaston Berger (1946). The Different Trends of Contemporary French Philosophy. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7 (1):1-11.
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  46.  11
    Grzegorz Malinowski, Jan Zygmunt, W. Berkson & George Berger (1978). Reviews. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 12 (3):369-402.
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  47.  11
    Charles Berger (1996). Reading as Poets Read: Following Mark Strand. Philosophy and Literature 20 (1):177-188.
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  48.  11
    Josef Berger (1976). The Genetic Code and the Origin of Life. Acta Biotheoretica 25 (4):259-263.
    The problem of the origin of life understandably counts as one of the most exciting questions in the natural sciences, but in spite of almost endless speculation on this subject, it is still far from its final solution. The complexity of the functional correlation between recent nucleic acids and proteins can e.g. give rise to the assumption that the genetic code (and life) could not originate on the Earth. It was Portelli (1975) who published the hypothesis that the genetic code (...)
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  49.  9
    Jonathan Moreno & Sam Berger (2006). Taking Stem Cells Seriously. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):6 – 7.
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  50.  7
    James Berger (1995). Discussion of David Freedman's “Some Issues in the Foundations of Statistics”. Foundations of Science 1 (1):41-67.
    While results from statistical modelling too often receive blind acceptance, we question whether there is any real alternative to use of modelling. This does not diminish the main point of Professor Freedman, which is that healthy scepticism towards models is needed. While agreeing with many of Professor Freedman's points concerning the objectivist debate, we argue that there is a Bayesian school of objectivists that possesses considerable advantages over the classical objectivist school. At the least, the debate needs to be enlarged (...)
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