Search results for 'Ruth Jarman' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Ruth Jarman (University of Brighton)
  1. Ruth Jarman (2007). Developing Scientific Literacy. Mcgraw-Hill/Open University Press.score: 120.0
    ""This is an excellent source of ideas on using the media to enrich science teaching and engage pupils.
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  2. Jennifer Ruth (2004). Book Reviews: Mesmerized: Powers of Mind in Victorian Britain, by Alison Winter. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. 464 Pp. Svengali's Web: The Alien Enchanter in Modern Culture, by Daniel Pick. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. 284 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (1):75-77.score: 30.0
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  3. Sheila Ruth (1979). Methodocracy, Misogyny, and Bad Faith: Sexism in the Philosophic Establishment. Metaphilosophy 10 (1):48–61.score: 30.0
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  4. C. M. Ashton, N. P. Wray, A. F. Jarman, J. M. Kolman, D. M. Wenner & B. A. Brody (2009). Ethics and Methods in Surgical Trials. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (9):579-583.score: 30.0
    This paper focuses on invasive therapeutic procedures, defined as procedures requiring the introduction of hands, instruments, or devices into the body via incisions or punctures of the skin or mucous membranes performed with the intent of changing the natural history of a human disease or condition for the better. Ethical and methodological concerns have been expressed about studies designed to evaluate the effects of invasive therapeutic procedures. Can such studies meet the same standards demanded of those, for example, evaluating pharmaceutical (...)
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  5. S. A. W. Ruth (1962). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 2 (1).score: 30.0
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  6. S. A. W. Ruth (1963). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 3 (1).score: 30.0
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  7. S. A. W. Ruth (1964). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 4 (2).score: 30.0
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  8. S. A. W. Ruth (1967). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 7 (3).score: 30.0
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  9. S. A. W. Ruth (1968). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (3).score: 30.0
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  10. S. A. W. Ruth (1969). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 9 (4).score: 30.0
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  11. S. A. W. Ruth (1971). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 11 (1).score: 30.0
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  12. Kieran Anthony Cashell (2012). Charm and Strangeness: The Aesthetic and Epistemic Dimensions of Derek Jarman's Wittgenstein. Film-Philosophy 16 (1):101-126.score: 18.0
    Wittgenstein (1993), Derek Jarman’s biopic of the Austrian-born Cambridge philosopher is a fascinating – if perplexing – film. In equal measure aesthetic and didactic, its status is ambiguous, and not only because didacticism in the philosophy of art is often assumed to diminish aesthetic value. Nothing, however, of the film’s aesthetic is depreciated by the intention to instruct. Even if the objective was to teach, the film is also highly aestheticised. Composed of a series of richly theatrical set-pieces, (...)’s film aspires to a painterly aesthetic. This paper examines the aesthetic and epistemic dimensions of Wittgenstein . The consensus among professional philosophers is that the film, while idiosyncratic and stylised, nevertheless says something important about Wittgenstein’s philosophy. It is as if he has used the project to innovate ways of translating Wittgenstein’s philosophy to aesthetic form. The resultant representational strategies are best understood with reference to the picture theory developed in Wittgenstein’s early philosophy. In the Tractatus Logico - Philosophicus (1922) Wittgenstein characterised the proposition as an articulation of elements that, by virtue of shared logical form, corresponds to the disposition of objects in a possible fact. Under Jarman’s direction, cinematic tableaux are transformed into propositions in the Wittgensteinian sense. In this film, therefore, Jarman has refined his cinematic process into what, following the picture theory, I have called tractarian montage. It is because the philosophy is embedded in the film as a structural component of its form (and not just presented didactically) that Wittgenstein seems oddly right to Wittgensteinian viewers. The aesthetic and epistemic consequences that result from Jarman’s approach are precisely what make the film philosophically interesting – indeed they provide a valuable opportunity to reflect not only on the development of Wittgenstein’s philosophy but also, uniquely, on the relationship between his philosophy and his life. (shrink)
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  13. Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.) (1995). Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
    Modality, morality and belief are among the most controversial topics in philosophy today, and few philosophers have shaped these debates as deeply as Ruth Barcan Marcus. Inspired by her work, a distinguished group of philosophers explore these issues, refine and sharpen arguments and develop new positions on such topics as possible worlds, moral dilemmas, essentialism, and the explanation of actions by beliefs. This 'state of the art' collection honours one of the most rigorous and iconoclastic of philosophical pioneers.
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  14. Eva-Maria Engelen (1996). Review On: Ruth Barcan Marcus, Modalities. Philosophical Essays, New York/Oxford (Oxford University Press) 1993. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 44 (1):125-128.score: 15.0
    The great contribution Marcus has made to several of intensely discussed topics in philosophy might not have been noticed fully without this collection of some of her most important articles that makes it evident that her achievement is not limited to inventing the famous Barcan formula.
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  15. Justin Remes (2013). Michael Charlesworth (2011) Derek Jarman. Film-Philosophy 17 (1):484-486.score: 15.0
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  16. J. J. C. Smart (1999). Ruth Anna Putnam and the Fact-Value Distinction. Philosophy 74 (3):431-437.score: 12.0
    This article is a defence of the Fact-Value distinction against considerations brought up by Ruth Anna Putnam in three articles in Philosophy, especially her ‘Perceiving Facts and Values’ January 1998. I defend metaphysical realism about facts and anti-realism about values against Putnam' intermediate position about both and I relate the matter to the logic of imperatives. The motivations of scientists or historians to select fields of investigation are irrelevant to the objectivity of their hypotheses, and so is the goodness (...)
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  17. Brian Epstein (2006). Review of Millikan, Ruth Garrett, Language: A Biological Model. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (5).score: 12.0
    Ruth Mil­likan is one of the most inter­est­ing and influ­en­tial philoso­phers alive. Her work is also hard to pen­e­trate. In this review, I try to present and assess her work on the nature of lan­guage, which is col­lected in this anthol­ogy. I also crit­i­cize her analy­sis of “nat­ural con­ven­tion” as well as her dis­cus­sion of illo­cu­tion­ary acts.
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  18. Jeff Mitchell (2012). On a Common Misconception of Ruth Benedict's Relativism. Teaching Philosophy 35 (1):29-40.score: 12.0
    In philosophy textbooks for undergraduates the cultural anthropologist Ruth Benedict is often cited as a proponent of moral relativism, and her writings are not infrequently excerpted to illustrate the view that the individual’s moral values are culturally determined. Because Benedict established that significant differences can exist in the underlying cultural patterns of different societies, her work is commonly construed as providing evidence for the arbitrary and non-rational basis of morals. The author of the present essay argues that this popular (...)
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  19. Larry Shapiro, The Book of Ruth.score: 12.0
    In every philosopher’s career, there comes a time to look back on accomplishments, assess achievements, evaluate one’s place in a canon that dates to an era when Ancient Greeks still roamed the Earth. Perhaps many of you have wondered when I’d finally get around to doing this. Sadly, this is not the night for that splendid occasion. Do not pretend to hide your disappointment. Also, do not hesitate to point fingers. Believe me when I tell you that I would take (...)
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  20. Ruth B. Marcus (1962). On the Paper of Ruth B. Marcus. Synthese 14 (2/3):132 - 143.score: 12.0
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  21. A. L. Hall (2005). Ruth's Resolve: What Jesus' Great-Grandmother May Teach About Bioethics and Care. Christian Bioethics 11 (1):35-50.score: 12.0
    When thinking about the intersection of care and Christian bioethics, it is helpful to follow closely the account of Ruth, who turned away from security and walked alongside her grieving mother-in-law to Bethlehem. Remembering Ruth may help one to heed Professor Kaveny?s summoning of Christians to remember ?the Order of Widows? and the church?s historic calling to bring ?the almanahinto its center rather than pushing her to its margins.? Disabled, elderly and terminally ill people often seem, at least (...)
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  22. Jeffrey Spike (2000). Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine, by Ruth Macklin. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. 304 Pp. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):577-579.score: 12.0
    Ruth Macklin's new book, AgainstRelativism, says in its subtitle that it intends to address cultural diversity and the search for ethical universals in medicine. This it does very well. Every chapter includes some discussion of cultural relativism, cultural anthropology, or postmodernism, and her analyses are acute and scathing. Macklin is unabashed in her defense of the principles of medical ethics, and she gives a strong argument that principles are essential elements of any ethical system that is to successfully survive (...)
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  23. Neal Jahren (1990). Comments on Ruth Ginzberg's Paper. Hypatia 5 (1):171 - 177.score: 12.0
    Ruth Ginzberg has proposed a model for a gynocentric science that might constitute a paradigm as described by Kuhn. The author argues that Ginzberg's model lacks certain essential features of paradigms as described by Kuhn. The differences may stem from more fundamental disagreements between them, including the possibility that some essential features of Ginzberg's gynocentric science place it outside the intended scope of Kuhn's analysis.
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  24. Athalya Brenner (2010). From Ruth to the “Global Woman”: Social and Legal Aspects. Interpretation 64 (2):162-168.score: 12.0
    In this short study, the Scroll of Ruth, and especially Ruth's undisclosed motives for following her mother-in-law, are read alongside the situation of foreign, female migrant workers in contemporary Israel—and vice versa. This allows a bi-directional reading that supplies a possible context both for the biblical text and for the evaluation of today's issues.
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  25. Ruth Kaufmann-Hayoz (2000). Ursula Peter Ruth Kaufmann-Hayoz. In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. 281.score: 12.0
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  26. Helen Leneman (2010). More Than the Love of Men: Ruth and Naomi's Story in Music. Interpretation 64 (2):147-160.score: 12.0
    This essay introduces and discusses four musical works that extensively treat Ruth and Naomi's relationship: two late nineteenth-century oratorios, and two twentieth-century operas. Both music and librettos are treated as midrash—a creative retelling through both altered text and in the language of music.
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  27. Tod Linafelt (2010). Narrative and Poetic Art in the Book of Ruth. Interpretation 64 (2):117-129.score: 12.0
    Although the Book of Ruth is in many respects a classic example of biblical Hebrew narrative, with its stripped-down style and the opaqueness of its character's inner lives and motivations, there are two examples of formal poetry in the book (1:16–17 and 1:20–21). Biblical poetry works with a very different set of literary conventions than narrative, and by taking note of those conventions, we can see the distinctive contributions made by these poems to the book as a whole.
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  28. Terence Parsons (1995). Ruth Barcan Marcus and the Barcan Formula. In Ruth Barcan Marcus, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Diana Raffman & Nicholas Asher (eds.), Modality, Morality, and Belief: Essays in Honor of Ruth Barcan Marcus. Cambridge University Press. 3--11.score: 12.0
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  29. Ruth Sonderegger (2006). Ruth Sonderegger (Amsterdam): Über einige Neuerscheinungen zur Asthetik. Philosophische Rundschau 53 (4):289 - 302.score: 12.0
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  30. Marshall Abrams (2005). Teleosemantics Without Natural Selection. Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):97-116.score: 9.0
    Ruth Millikan and others advocate theories which attempt to naturalize wide mental content (e.g. beliefs.
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  31. Ruth G. Millikan (2005). The Father, the Son, and the Daughter: Sellars, Brandom, and Millikan. Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (1):59-71.score: 9.0
    The positions of Brandom and Millikan are compared with respect to their common origins in the works of Wilfrid Sellars and Wittgenstein. Millikan takes more seriously the ¿picturing¿ themes from Sellars and Wittgenstein. Brandom follows Sellars more closely in deriving the normativity of language from social practice, although there are also hints of a possible derivation from evolutionary theory in Sellars. An important claim common to Brandom and Millikan is that there are no representations without function or ¿attitude¿.
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  32. Attila Tanyi (2011). Desires as Additional Reasons? The Case of Tie-Breaking. Philosophical Studies 152 (2):209-227.score: 9.0
    According to the Desire-Based Reasons Model reasons for action are provided by desires. Many, however, are critical about the Model holding an alternative view of practical reason, which is often called valued-based. In this paper I consider one particular attempt to refute the Model, which advocates of the valued-based view often appeal to: the idea of reason-based desires. The argument is built up from two premises. The first claims that desires are states that we have reason to have. The second (...)
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  33. Attila Tanyi (2010). Reason and Desire: The Case of Affective Desires. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (2):67-89.score: 9.0
    The paper begins with an objection to the Desire-Based Reasons Model. The argument from reason-based desires holds that since desires are based on reasons (first premise), which they transmit but to which they cannot add (second premise), they cannot themselves provide reasons for action. In the paper I investigate an attack that has recently been launched against the first premise of this argument by Ruth Chang. Chang invokes a counterexample: affective desires. The aim of the paper is to see (...)
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  34. Peter Alward (2009). That's the Fictional Truth, Ruth. Acta Analytica 25 (3):347-363.score: 9.0
    Fictional truth is commonly analyzed in terms of the speech acts or propositional attitudes of a teller. In this paper, I investigate Lewis’s counterfactual analysis in terms of felicitous narrator assertion, Currie’s analysis in terms of fictional author belief, and Byrne’s analysis in terms of ideal author invitations to make-believe—and find them all lacking. I propose instead an analysis in terms of the revelations of an infelicitous narrator.
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  35. Wlodek Rabinowicz (2008). Value Relations. Theoria 74 (1):18-49.score: 9.0
    Abstract: The paper provides a general account of value relations. It takes its departure in a special type of value relation, parity, which according to Ruth Chang is a form of evaluative comparability that differs from the three standard forms of comparability: betterness, worseness and equal goodness. Recently, Joshua Gert has suggested that the notion of parity can be accounted for if value comparisons are interpreted as normative assessments of preference. While Gert's basic idea is attractive, the way he (...)
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  36. Justine Kingsbury (2006). A Proper Understanding of Millikan. Acta Analytica 21 (40):23-40.score: 9.0
    Ruth Millikan’s teleological theory of mental content is complex and often misunderstood. This paper motivates and clarifies some of the complexities of the theory, and shows that paying careful attention to its details yields answers to a number of common objections to teleological theories, in particular, the problem of novel mental states, the problem of functionally false beliefs, and problems about indeterminacy or multiplicity of function.
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  37. Alan Wertheimer (2007). Review of Ruth Sample, Exploitation: What It is and Why It's Wrong. [REVIEW] Utilitas 19 (2):259--261.score: 9.0
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  38. Alan Wertheimer (2007). Ruth J. Sample, Exploitation: What It is and Why It's Wrong (Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003), Pp. XIV + 197. Utilitas 19 (2):259-261.score: 9.0
  39. Erik Carlson (2010). Parity Demystified. Theoria 76 (2):119-128.score: 9.0
    Ruth Chang has defended a concept of "parity", implying that two items may be evaluatively comparable even though neither item is better than or equally good as the other. This article takes no stand on whether there actually are cases of parity. Its aim is only to make the hitherto somewhat obscure notion of parity more precise, by defining it in terms of the standard value relations. Given certain plausible assumptions, the suggested definiens is shown to state a necessary (...)
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  40. Norbert Anwander (2001). Ruth Chang, Incommensurability, Incomparability and Practical Reason. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (2):193-195.score: 9.0
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  41. Bonnie Honig (1997). Ruth, the Model Emigrée: Mourning and the Symbolic Politics of Immigration. Political Theory 25 (1):112-136.score: 9.0
    And we Americans are the peculiar, chosen people—the Israelites of our time.Herman Melville.
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  42. G. V. Tadd (1991). The Market for Bodily Parts: A Response to Ruth Chadwick. Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (1):95-102.score: 9.0
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  43. Jay F. Rosenberg (2007). Comments on Ruth Garrett Millikan's Varieties of Meaning. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):692–700.score: 9.0
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  44. A. H. Armstrong (1990). Ruth Majercik (Ed., Tr.): The Chaldean Oracles. Text, Translation, and Commentary. (Studies in Greek and Roman Religion, 5.) Pp. Xiv + 247. Leiden, New York, Copenhagen and Cologne: Brill, 1989. Paper, Fl. 120. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (02):472-.score: 9.0
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  45. Stephen Andrew Butterfill (2008). Review: Ruth M. J. Byrne: The Rational Imagination: How People Create Alternatives to Reality. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (468):1065-1069.score: 9.0
  46. Luke Elson (2014). Heaps and Chains: Is the Chaining Argument for Parity a Sorites? Ethics 124 (3):557-571.score: 9.0
    I argue that the Ruth Chang’s Chaining Argument for her parity view of value incomparability trades illicitly on the vagueness of the predicate ‘is comparable with’. Chang is alert to this danger and argues that the predicate is not vague, but this defense does not succeed. The Chaining Argument also faces a dilemma. The predicate is either vague or precise. If it is vague, then the argument is most plausibly a sorites. If it is precise, then the argument is (...)
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  47. James Diggle (1981). Ruth Scodel: The Trojan Trilogy of Euripides. (Hypomnemata, 60.) Pp. 152. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1980. Paper, DM. 28. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 31 (01):106-107.score: 9.0
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  48. Tamar Szabó Gendler (1998). Why Language is Not a “Direct Medium”. Commentary on Ruth Garrett Millikan. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):71-72.score: 9.0
    Millikan contrasts her substance-based view of concepts with “descriptionism” according to which description determines what falls under a concept. Focusing on her discussion of the role of language in the acquisition of concepts, I argue that descriptions cannot be separated from perception in the ways Millikan's view requires.
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  49. Mary B. Mahowald (2000). Ruth Macklin, Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine:Against Relativism: Cultural Diversity and the Search for Ethical Universals in Medicine. Ethics 110 (4):849-850.score: 9.0
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  50. Adam Morton (2000). Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Practical Reason, Ruth Chang (Ed.), Harvard University Press, 1998, 303 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 16 (1):147-174.score: 9.0
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