Search results for 'Ruth Wilkinson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  9
    Ruth Wilkinson (2010). When Is My Genetic Information Your Business? Biological, Emotional, and Financial Claims to Knowledge. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (1):110.
    Deciding to undergo a predictive genetic test is difficult. The patient has no symptoms that might tip the balance in favor of the test, and knowledge of the information might have significant implications for her physical and mental health, her family, and her financial position. Furthermore, although the decision to undergo many medical tests might reasonably be said to be the patient's own business, it could be argued that predictive genetic tests are different. Dean Bell and Belinda Bennett argue that (...)
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  2.  18
    Ruth Hannah Wilkinson (2010). Genetic Information: Important but Not “Exceptional”. [REVIEW] Identity in the Information Society 3 (3):457-472.
    Much legislation dealing with the uses of genetic information could be criticised for exceptionalising genetic information over other types of information personal to the individual. This paper contends that genetic exceptionalism clouds the issues, and precludes any real debate about the appropriate uses of genetic information. An alternative to “genetically exceptionalist” legislation is to “legislate for fairness”. This paper explores the “legislating for fairness” approach, and concludes that it demonstrates a fundamental misunderstanding of both how legislation is drafted, and how (...)
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  3.  8
    Ruth H. Wilkinson (2009). The Single Equality Bill: A Missed Opportunity to Legislate on Genetic Discrimination? Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (1).
    In this paper I consider the recent review of the discrimination law of England and Wales. The Discrimination Law Review published its final report, "Framework for a Fairer Future," in 2008. The report advocated a complete overhaul of the discrimination law in England and Wales, creating a single duty to promote equality. Although many of the consultees had argued that genetic discrimination should be included in the grounds of discrimination, the Discrimination Law Review team and the government have since decided (...)
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  4.  1
    Ruth Wilkinson (2010). Unjustified Discrimination: Is the Moratorium on the Use of Genetic Test Results by Insurers a Contradiction in Terms? [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 18 (3):279-293.
    This paper considers the legal position of genetic test results in insurance law in England and Wales. The strict position is that this information is material to the decision of the insurer to offer insurance cover and should be disclosed by insurance applicants. However, the British Government and the Association of British Insurers have agreed to a moratorium on the use of genetic test results in insurance, which will run until 2014. The moratorium prohibits unfavourable treatment of insurance clients on (...)
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  5.  21
    T. M. Wilkinson (2011). Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs. OUP Oxford.
    Transplantation is a medically successful and cost-effective way to treat people whose organs have failed--but not enough organs are available to meet demand. T. M. Wilkinson explores the major ethical problems raised by policies for acquiring organs. Key topics include the rights of the dead, the role of the family, and the sale of organs.
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  6.  61
    Stephen Wilkinson (2003). Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade. Routledge.
    Stephen Wilkinson asks what is it that makes some commercial uses of the body controversial, whether such arguments stand up, and whether legislation outlawing ...
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  7. Stephen Wilkinson (2010). Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction. OUP Oxford.
    To what extent should parents be allowed to use reproductive technologies to determine the characteristics of their future children? Is there something morally wrong with choosing what their sex will be, or with trying to 'screen out' as much disease and disability as possible before birth? Stephen Wilkinson offers answers to such questions.
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  8.  87
    Tim Wilkinson (2013). Fine-Tuning the Multiverse. Think 12 (33):89-101.
    Research Articles Tim Wilkinson, Think, FirstView Article.
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  9.  8
    Mark Wilkinson (1997). Burning Straw Men Sheds Little Light: A Reply to Whiting and Kelly. Acta Biotheoretica 45 (1):17-27.
    Wilkinson (1991a) developed arguments that the distributions of primitive character states may delimit clades, and proposed a method that exploited the evidence of primitive character state distributions for inferring clades. Whiting and Kelly (1995) presented a critique of these ideas, arguing that they are logically incoherent and that the method does not succeed in its aims. This critique severely misrepresents the original arguments and the method, and amounts to no more than an attack on a straw man.
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  10.  2
    Dominic Wilkinson (2013). Enhancing Debate About the Sexes. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):721-721.
    Dr Dominic Wilkinson, Department of Neonatal Medicine, University of Adelaide, 72 King William Rd, North Adelaide, South Australia 5006, Australia; dominic.wilkinson@adelaide.edu.au, domjcw@gmail.comIs it good for there to be both males and females of our species? This question seems highly fanciful, and a long way from the ethical questions that health professionals face on a daily basis. However, philosophical thought experiments like this sometimes help to clarify questions that are of much broader relevance. In this case, the prospect of (...)
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  11.  4
    James H. Wilkinson (2002). Hegel and Aristotle (Review). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (4):550-551.
    James H. Wilkinson - Hegel and Aristotle - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.4 550-551 Book Review Hegel and Aristotle Alfredo Ferrarin. Hegel and Aristotle. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pp. xxii + 442. Cloth, $64.95. This is an important book which should be read by anyone interested in either of the two philosophers. Ferrarin demonstrates that the structure and detail of Hegel's executed project owe more to Aristotle than to (...)
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  12. Stephen Wilkinson (2004). Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade. Routledge.
    _Bodies for Sale: Ethics and Exploitation in the Human Body Trade _explores the philosophical and practical issues raised by activities such as surrogacy and organ trafficking. Stephen Wilkinson asks what is it that makes some commercial uses of the body controversial, whether the arguments against commercial exploitation stand up, and whether legislation outlawing such practices is really justified. In Part One Wilkinson explains and analyses some of the notoriously slippery concepts used in the body commodification debate, including exploitation, (...)
     
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  13. Stephen Wilkinson (2012). Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction. OUP Oxford.
    To what extent should parents be allowed to use reproductive technologies to determine the characteristics of their future children? Is there something morally wrong with choosing what their sex will be, or with trying to 'screen out' as much disease and disability as possible before birth? Stephen Wilkinson offers answers to such questions.
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  14. T. M. Wilkinson (2015). Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Transplantation is a medically successful and cost-effective way to treat people whose organs have failed--but not enough organs are available to meet demand. T. M. Wilkinson explores the major ethical problems raised by policies for acquiring organs. Key topics include the rights of the dead, the role of the family, and the sale of organs.
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  15.  35
    Robert Wilkinson (ed.) (2000). Minds and Bodies: An Introduction with Readings. New York: Routledge.
    Written with the beginner in mind, Robert Wilkinson carefully introduces the reader to the fundamental components of the philosophy of mind. Each chapter is then helpfully linked to a reading from key thinkers in the field such as Descartes and John R. Searle.
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  16. Robert Wilkinson (2013). Minds and Bodies: An Introduction with Readings. Routledge.
    _Minds and Bodies_ is a clear introduction to the mind-body problem. It requires no prior philosophical knowledge and is ideally suited to newcomers to philosophy and philosophy of mind. Robert Wilkinson carefully introduces the fundamental components of the philosophy of mind: Descartes's dualist account of mind and body; monist views including eliminativism; computer science and artificial intelligence. Each chapter is linked to a reading from key thinkers in the field, from Descartes to Paul Churchland.
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  17.  2
    Will Wilkinson (2004). Capitalism and Virtue. [REVIEW] Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 5 (2):409-420.
    Wilkinson reviews the philosophical aspects of Dinesh D'Souza 's The Virtue of Prosperity: Finding Values in an Age of Techno-Affluence. D'Souza 's general support of free-markets and technological innovation is noted, but he is criticized for his misreading of Ayn Rand, and for failing to provide an adequate moral defense of capitalism. Additionally, Wilkinson finds D'Souza philosophically confused in discussions of the significance of the scientific image of human nature, genetic manipulation, and cloning.
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  18. Ruth Saw (1964). "In Praise of Aesthetics": Elizabeth Wilkinson. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 4 (2):168.
     
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  19. Robert Wilkinson (1997). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 37 (2):417-b-419.
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  20. Robert Wilkinson (1998). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (2):417-b-419.
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  21.  29
    Andrew Millington, Markus Eberhardt & Barry Wilkinson (2005). Gift Giving, Guanxi and Illicit Payments in Buyer–Supplier Relations in China: Analysing the Experience of UK Companies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 57 (3):255 - 268.
    . This paper explores the relationship between gift giving, guanxi and corruption through a study of the relationships between UK manufacturing companies in China and their local component suppliers. The analysis is based on interviews in the China-based operations of 49 UK companies. Interviews were carried out both with senior (often expatriate) staff and with local line managers who were responsible for everyday purchasing decisions and for managing relationships with suppliers. The results suggest that gift giving is perceived to be (...)
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  22.  80
    R. Wilkinson (1993). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 33 (2):417-b-419.
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  23. Stephen Wilkinson (2003). The Exploitation Argument Against Commercial Surrogacy. Bioethics 17 (2):169–187.
    It is argued that there are good reasons for believing that commercial surrogacy is often exploitative. However, even if we accept this, the exploitation argument for prohibiting (or otherwise legislatively discouraging) commercial surrogacy remains quite weak. One reason for this is that prohibition may well 'backfire' and lead to potential surrogates having to do other things that are more exploitative and/or more harmful than paid surrogacy. It is concluded, therefore, that those who oppose exploitation should concentrate on: (a) improving the (...)
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  24.  50
    T. M. Wilkinson (2007). Individual and Family Decisions About Organ Donation. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):26–40.
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  25.  74
    Robert Wilkinson (1995). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 35 (2):417-b-419.
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  26.  43
    S. Wilkinson (2000). Is 'Normal Grief' a Mental Disorder? Philosophical Quarterly 50 (200):289-305.
  27.  21
    Eve Garrard & Stephen Wilkinson (2006). Selecting Disability and the Welfare of the Child. The Monist 89 (4):482-504.
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  28.  7
    Martin Wilkinson & Andrew Moore (1999). Inducements Revisited. Bioethics 13 (2):114–130.
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  29.  25
    T. M. Wilkinson (2007). Racist Organ Donors and Saving Lives. Bioethics 21 (2):63–74.
  30.  26
    Robert Wilkinson (2009). Nishida and Western Philosophy. Ashgate.
    Nishida's starting point -- Radical empiricism and pure experience -- Fichte, the neo-Kantians, and Bergson -- Nishida's later philosophy: the logic of place and self-contradictory identity.
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  31. T. M. Wilkinson (2004). The Ethics and Economics of the Minimum Wage. Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):351-374.
    This paper develops a normative evaluation of the minimum wage in the light of recent evidence and theory about its effects. It argues that the minimum wage should be evaluated using a consequentialist criterion that gives priority to the jobs and incomes of the worst off. This criterion would be accepted by many different types of consequentialism, especially given the two major views about what the minimum wage does. One is that the minimum wage harms the jobs and incomes of (...)
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  32.  81
    Robert Wilkinson (1999). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 39 (3):417-b-419.
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  33.  48
    Sally Sheldon & Stephen Wilkinson (1998). Female Genital Mutilation and Cosmetic Surgery: Regulating Non-Therapeutic Body Modification. Bioethics 12 (4):263–285.
  34.  87
    Robert Wilkinson (2002). Beauty Matters. British Journal of Aesthetics 42 (2):214-216.
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  35.  28
    T. M. Wilkinson (2001). Parental Consent and the Use of Dead Children's Bodies. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (4):337-358.
    : It has recently become known that, in Liverpool and elsewhere, parts of children's bodies were taken postmortem and used for research without the parents being told. But should parental consent be sought before using children's corpses for medical purposes? This paper presents the view that parental consent is overrated. Arguments are rejected for consent from dead children's interests, property rights, family autonomy, and religious freedom. The only direct reason to get parental consent is to avoid distressing the parents, which (...)
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  36.  17
    Mark Wilkinson (1990). A Commentary on Ridley's Cladistic Solution to the Species Problem. Biology and Philosophy 5 (4):433-446.
    The cladistic species concept proposed by Ridley (1989) rests on an undefined notion of speciation and its meaning is thus indeterminate. If the cladistic concept is made determinate through the definition of speciation, then it reduces to a form of whatever species concept is implicit in the definition of speciation and fails to be a truly alternative species concept. The cladistic formalism advocated by Ridley is designed to ensure that species are monophyletic, that they are objectively real entities, and that (...)
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  37.  30
    Stephen Wilkinson (1999). Smokers' Rights to Health Care: Why the 'Restoration Argument' is a Moralising Wolf in a Liberal Sheep's Clothing. Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (3):255–269.
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  38.  30
    T. M. Wilkinson (2007). Contagious Disease and Self-Defence. Res Publica 13 (4):339-359.
    This paper gives a self-defence account of the scope and limits of the justified use of compulsion to control contagious disease. It applies an individualistic model of self-defence for state action and uses it to illuminate the constraints on public health compulsion of proportionality and using the least restrictive alternative. It next shows how a self-defence account should not be rejected on the basis of past abuses. The paper then considers two possible limits to a self-defence justification: compulsion of the (...)
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  39.  28
    T. M. Wilkinson (2007). The Confiscation and Sale of Organs. Res Publica 13 (3):327-337.
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  40.  10
    T. M. Wilkinson (2002). Last Rights: The Ethics of Research on the Dead. Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):31–41.
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  41.  16
    Dominic Wilkinson, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2008). “Neglected Personhood” and Neglected Questions: Remarks on the Moral Significance of Consciousness. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):31 – 33.
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  42. Stephen Wilkinson (2005). Designer Babies', Instrumentalisation and the Child's Right to an Open Future. In Nafsika Athanassoulis (ed.), Philosophical Reflections on Medical Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan
     
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  43.  19
    Timothy Wilkinson (2004). The Presidential Address I—Armchair Philosophy, Metaphysical Modality and Counterfactual Thinking. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (1):1–23.
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  44.  50
    Stephen Wilkinson (2007). Eugenics and the Criticism of Bioethics. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):409 - 418.
    This article provides a critical assessment of some aspects of Ann Kerr and Tom Shakespeare's Genetic Politics: from eugenics to genome. In particular, I evaluate their claims: (a) that bioethics is too ‘top down’, involving normative prescriptions, whereas it should instead be ‘bottom up’ and grounded in social science; and (b) that contemporary bioethics has not dealt particularly well with people's moral concerns about eugenics. I conclude that several of Kerr and Shakespeare's criticisms are well-founded and serve as valuable reminders (...)
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  45.  5
    Mark Wilkinson (1991). The Use of Primitive Character State Distributions in the Assessment of Holophyly. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (1):37-46.
    Cladistic analyses are based on the distinction between primitive and derived character states (hypotheses of the polarity of evolutionary transformations) and a complete reliance on only derived character state distributions as bona fide evidence of holophyletic assemblages of taxa. The cladistic premise that only derived character state distributions provide evidence of holophyly is reconsidered and shown to be both unjustified and inconsistent with the desire or methodological prescription of using all the available evidence. Cladistic techniques are here viewed primarily as (...)
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  46.  24
    Dominic J. C. Wilkinson (2004). Selling Organs and Souls: Should the State Prohibit 'Demeaning' Practices? [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 1 (1):27-31.
    It is sometimes argued that practices such as organ-selling should be prohibited because they are demeaning to the individuals involved. In this article the plausibility of such an argument is questioned. I will examine what it means to demean or be demeaned, and suggest that the mere fact that an individual is demeaning themself does not provide sufficient justification for legal prohibition. On the contrary, such laws might be argued to be demeaning.
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  47.  16
    Mark Wilkinson (1988). Evolutionary and Classical Concepts of Homology: A Reply to Aboitiz. Acta Biotheoretica 37 (3-4):315-319.
  48.  22
    Matthew David & Iain Wilkinson (2002). Critical Theory of Society or Self-Critical Society? Critical Horizons 3 (1):131-158.
    This paper presents a critical comparative reading of Ulrich Beck and Herbert Marcuse. Beck's thesis on 'selfcritical society' and the concept of 'sub-politics' are evaluated within the framework of Marcusian critical theory. We argue for the continued relevance of Marcuse for the project of emancipatory politics. We recognise that a focus upon the imminent and spontaneous possibilities for radical social change within the 'sub-political' is a useful provocation to the high abstractionism of much critical theory, but suggest that such possibilities (...)
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  49.  18
    T. M. Wilkinson (2005). Bioethics, Bodies and Care(Ful Thinking). Res Publica 11 (1):75-83.
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  50.  2
    T. M. Wilkinson (2004). Individualism and the Ethics of Research on Humans. HEC Forum 16 (1):6-26.
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