Search results for 'S. E. Ney' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  2
    E. W. S. (1906). Quantitative Latin Texts for Schools Messrs. Blackie's Series. 7″ × 4½″. Specimens. Horace: Odes III. Introd. Pp. VXiv, Text Pp. 5997. Edited W. H. D. Rouse. Aeneid: Bk. II. Introd. VXiv, Text 128. Edited S. E. Winbolt. Both Price 6d. Livy: Bk. V. Introd. VXvii, Text 175. Edited E. Seymer Thompson. Price 8d. Mr. Edward Arnold's Series. 6¾″ × 4¼″. Specimens. Ovid, Selections. Introd. Pp. 57, Text Pp. 932, Vocab. Pp. 3364. Edited G. Yeld. Caesar in Britain. Introd. 79, Text 1129, Vocab. 3164. Edited J. F. Dobson. Both Price 8d. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 20 (4):223.
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  2. S. E. & We (1907). We Three, the Convictions of an Unorthodox Believer, by E.S.
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  3. Ella Welby & H. T. E. (1895). Every Day, Thoughts on the G.F.S. Ruler of Life [by E. Welby, Ed by E.H.T.].
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  4.  10
    Jesper Hoffmeyer (2001). S/E1. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):277-290.
    Natural (non-cultivated) systems are nmed to economize their use of energy as much as possible, and thereby to produce minimal amounts of entropy. It is suggested (...)that this has been obtained by optimizing the evolutionary creation of semiotic controls on all processes of life. As long as biological (ultimately photosynthetic) energy sources satisfied most human needs for energy consumption, these biosemiotic controls remained largely undisturbed, with the result that production systems remained sustainable. The industrial revolution instantiated a ruphure of this balanced situation. The semiotic control function (S) would no longer match the size of the energy flow (E). In the industrial production system, energy flows have dramatically been increased, while the S component has not been taken care of. This has created a dangerously low S/E ratio, and it is suggested that this low S/E ratio constitutes a fundamental explanation of the environmental crisis. In order to restore a sustainable production system, we will now have to develop technological means for a strong increase in the S factor of the production system. It is suggested that this can be obtained through a development of considerate, gentle, and clever forms of biosemiotic technology. (shrink)
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  5.  2
    R. E. Tully (1976). Moore's Defence of Common Sense: A Reappraisal After Fifty Years: R. E. Tully. Philosophy 51 (197):289-306.
    G. E. Moore'sA Defence of Common Sensehas generated the kind of interest and contrariety which often accompany what is new, provocative, and even important (...)in philosophy. Moore himself reportedly agreed with Wittgenstein's estimate that this was his best article, while C. D. Broad has lamented its very great but largely unfortunate influence. Although the essay inspired Wittgenstein to explore the basis of Moore's claim to know many propositions of common sense to be true, A. J. Ayer judges its enduring value to lie in provoking a more sophisticated conception of the very type of metaphysics which disputes any such unqualified claim of certainty. (shrink)
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    Michael S. Jones (2010). Carl E. Braaten, No Other Gospel! Christianity Among the World's Religions. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 3 (9):162-167.
    Carl E. Braaten, No Other Gospel! Christianity among the World's Religions Minneapolis, USA: Fortress Press, 1992. Paperback: 146 pp. including endnotes and index.
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  7.  10
    Giuseppe Ferraro (2012). Differenza epistemologica E identità ontologica tra sa? S? Ra E nirv?? A Nel pensiero buddhista. Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1).
    La differenza tra i concetti di sa?s?ra e nirv??a stabilita dal Buddha (VI-V sec. a.C.) nel suo primo sermone sembra essere messa in discussione (...) dallequiparazione dei due termini effettuata da N?g?rjuna (II sec. d.C.) in un passaggio-chiave delle sue MK2. Questo articolo, in primo luogo, difende la tesi che la contraddizione sia soltanto apparente e che la relazione, di differenza o di identità, tra le due dimensioni dipende dal registro filosofico, rispettivamente epistemologico e ontologico, usatoin entrambi i casi per finalità soteriologichedal Buddha e da N?g?rjuna. In secondo luogo, cercheremo di provare che, in ogni caso, lontologia di N?g?rjuna, lungi dallessere una novità filosofica o unevoluzione rispetto al pensiero del fondatore del buddhismo è, al contrario, una delle possibili applicazioni della dottrina del non- (an?tma-v?da) – probabilmente il contributo più importante e originale del pensiero buddhista alla storia della filosofia universaleesposta dal Buddha nel suo secondo sermone. (shrink)
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  8.  85
    Edward S. Casey (2001). J.E. Malpas's Place and Experience: A Philosophical Topography (Cambridge University Press, 1999) Converging and Diverging in/on Place. Philosophy and Geography 4 (2):225 – 230.
    (2001). J.E. Malpas's Place and Experience: A Philosophical Topography (Cambridge University Press, 1999) Converging and diverging in/on place. Philosophy & Geography: Vol. 4, No. 2, pp (...). 225-230. doi: 10.1080/10903770123141. (shrink)
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    D. S. A. Renting (1996). The Manuscripts of Cicero's De Oratore: E is a Descendant of A. Classical Quarterly 46 (01):183-.
    The manuscripts of Cicero's De oratore divide into two families: mutili and integri. The oldest representatives of the mutilated family are Avranches 238 , Erlangen 380 , and (...) London, Harley 2736 . A and H are independent of each other, and the best witnesses to the text of the lost archetype . E too is considered to be an independent witness. Since the work of E. Ströbel, dating from the early eighties of the last century, the view has been generally held that E, though closely related to A, is not a descendant of it but a copy of agemellusof A. The stemma devised by Ströbel has remained essentially the same to the present day. (shrink)
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  10. Donato Bergandi (1995). Reductionist Holism”: an Oxymoron or a Philosophical Chimaera of E.P. Odums Systems Ecology? Ludus Vitalis 3 ((5)):145-180..
    <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>contrast<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi (...)'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>strategies<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>research<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>employed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reductionism<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holism<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>masks<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>radical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>contradiction<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>two<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>different<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>scientific<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophies<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>We<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>concentrate<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>particular<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analysis<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>key<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>issues<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>give<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>structure<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>thought<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>A<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>first<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>non<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>exhaustive<span class='Hi'>span>) <span class='Hi'>span>analysis<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>tradition<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>will<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>dwell<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>upon<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span>) <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>emergence<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>each<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>level<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>organisation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>characterised<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>properties<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>whose<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>laws<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cannot<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>deduced<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>from<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>laws<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>inferior<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>levels<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>organisation<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>Engels<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Morgan<span class='Hi'>span>); <span class='Hi'>span>b<span class='Hi'>span>) <span class='Hi'>span>clarification<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>relations<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>whole<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>parts<span class='Hi'>span>” (<span class='Hi'>span>Woodger<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Needham<span class='Hi'>span>); <span class='Hi'>span>c<span class='Hi'>span>) <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ontological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>or<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>nature<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>emergent<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>properties<span class='Hi'>span>; <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>they<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>phenomenological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reality<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>or<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>solely<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>artefact<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>state<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>our<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>knowledge<span class='Hi'>span>? (<span class='Hi'>span>Pepper<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Henle<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Hempel<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Oppenheim<span class='Hi'>span>); <span class='Hi'>span>d<span class='Hi'>span>) <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>proposition<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theoretical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>methodological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>model<span class='Hi'>span> ( <span class='Hi'>span>Novikoff<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Feibleman<span class='Hi'>span>). <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>then<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>go<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>examine<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>differences<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>exist<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reductionist<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>approaches<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>at<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>various<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>levels<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analysis<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>say<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>differences<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>affect<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>their<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ontologies<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>methodologies<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemologies<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>respectively<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>attempt<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>understand<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>spirit<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>approach<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ecology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analyzing<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>major<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>work<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>P<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Odum<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Fundamentals<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ecology<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>1953<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>1959<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>1971<span class='Hi'>span>). <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>set<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>forward<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>what<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>might<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>meant<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>approach<span class='Hi'>span>”, <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>implicated<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>all<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>different<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>levels<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>organisation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>at<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>problem<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>complexity<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>debated<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Ecology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>presents<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>itself<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>science<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Odum<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>book<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>offers<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>vision<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>world<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>dates<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>far<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>back<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>history<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophy<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>By<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>looking<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>at<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>three<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>different<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>editions<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>this<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fundamental<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>text<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ecology<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>we<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>may<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>become<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>aware<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>evolution<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Odum<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>thought<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fact<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>only<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>third<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>last<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>edition<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>there<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>conscious<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>appropriation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>approach<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>using<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theoretical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>models<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Feibleman<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>who<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>part<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>refers<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Novikoff<span class='Hi'>span>). <span class='Hi'>span>However<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>even<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>when<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>formally<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>referring<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>emergence<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>say<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ontological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>nucleus<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>every<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>approach<span class='Hi'>span>), <span class='Hi'>span>Odum<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>systemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analysis<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>presents<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>same<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>logical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>errors<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>push<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>him<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>back<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>into<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reductionist<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>domain<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Above<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>all<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>examination<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>main<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>concepts<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>population<span class='Hi'>span>”, “<span class='Hi'>span>community<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>ecosystem<span class='Hi'>span>”, <span class='Hi'>span>there<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>misunderstanding<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>profound<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>difference<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>collective<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>properties<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>emergent<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>properties<span class='Hi'>span>”. <span class='Hi'>span>Moreover<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cybernetic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>models<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Odum<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>systemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analysis<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>introduced<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>into<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ecology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Margalef<span class='Hi'>span>), <span class='Hi'>span>allowed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>him<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>vastly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>oversimplify<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>methodological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>task<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fact<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>neither<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>how<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>many<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>levels<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>nor<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>levels<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>organization<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fundamental<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>study<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>each<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>individual<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>level<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>clearly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>marked<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Finally<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Odum<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analyses<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ecosystem<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>composed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>energetic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>flux<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cycles<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>matter<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>referring<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>trophic<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>dynamic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>vision<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Lindeman<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>That<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>say<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>my<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>opinion<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>juxtaposes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reductionistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>methodology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holistic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ontology<span class='Hi'>span>. 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  11. Eric Schliesser (2010). Philosophical Relations, Natural Relations, and Philosophic Decisionism in Belief in the External World: Comments on P. J. E. Kail, Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy. [REVIEW] Hume Studies 36 (1):67-76.
    My critical comments on Part I of P. J. E. Kail's Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy are divided into two parts. First, I challenge the (...) exegetical details of Kail's take on Hume's important distinction between natural and philosophical relations. I show that Kail misreads Hume in a subtle fashion. If I am right, then much of the machinery that Kail puts into place for his main argument does different work in Hume than Kail thinks. Second, I offer a brief criticism of Kail's argument for reading Hume "as a realist about the external world". The two parts are tied together because it turns out that Kail and I disagree about how Hume thinks of philosophers' activity generally.One caveat:. (shrink)
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  12.  8
    S. E. Mons G. Fallani (1968). Dante e S. Agostino nel pensiero di Pietro Alighieri. Augustinianum 8 (1):58-68.
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  13.  6
    James Owen Weatherall (2015). On G.E. MooresProof of an External World’. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (4):n/a-n/a.
    <span class='Hi'>span>A<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>new<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reading<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi (...)'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>G<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> ‘<span class='Hi'>span>Proof<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>External<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>World<span class='Hi'>span>’ <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>offered<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Proof<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>understood<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>unique<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essential<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>part<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>anti<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>sceptical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>strategy<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>worked<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>out<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>early<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>career<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>developed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>various<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>forms<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>from<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>1909<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>until<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>death<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>1958<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>begin<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ignoring<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Proof<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>developing<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reading<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>broader<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>response<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>scepticism<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>bulk<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>article<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>then<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>devoted<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>understanding<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>what<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>role<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Proof<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>plays<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>strategy<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>how<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>role<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>played<span class='Hi'>span>. (shrink)
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  14. Jonathan Kvanvig (2008). ``Critical Notice of Pritchard's E Pistemic Luck &quot. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77:272-281.
    <span class='Hi'>span>Duncan<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Pritchard<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>book<span class='Hi'> (...)span> (<span class='Hi'>span>Epistemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Luck<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Oxford<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>University<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Press<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>2005<span class='Hi'>span>) <span class='Hi'>span>concerns<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interplay<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>two<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>disturbing<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>kinds<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>luck<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>termed<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>reflective<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>veritic<span class='Hi'>span>,” <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>two<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>types<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>arguments<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>skepticism<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>one<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>based<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>closure<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>principle<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>knowledge<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>other<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>underdetermination<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>thesis<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>about<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>quality<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>our<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>evidence<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>everyday<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>propositions<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>we<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>believe<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Pritchard<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>defends<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>view<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>safety<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>based<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>account<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>knowledge<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>can<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>answer<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>closure<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argument<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>provide<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>account<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>how<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>veritic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>luck<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>eliminated<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>He<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>also<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argues<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reflective<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>luck<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cannot<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>eliminated<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>even<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>though<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>it<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>sort<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>luck<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>with<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>underdetermination<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argument<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>concerned<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fact<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>this<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>type<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>luck<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cannot<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>eliminated<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>doesn<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>t<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>undermine<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>knowledge<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Instead<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>it<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>undermines<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>assertibility<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>our<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>knowledge<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>at<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>least<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>skeptical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>contexts<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>So<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>when<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>skeptic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>challenges<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>idea<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>we<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>know<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>using<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>underdetermination<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>principle<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>we<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>have<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>no<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>legitimate<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>response<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>offer<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>it<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>this<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fundamental<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fact<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>life<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Pritchard<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>terms<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>our<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>inevitable<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>epistemic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>angst<span class='Hi'>span>. 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  15. Tim Fernando, Reichenbach's E, R and S in a Finite-State Setting.
    Reichenbach's event, reference and speech times are interpreted semantically by stringing and superposing sets of temporal formulae, structured within regular languages. Notions of continuation branches and (...)of inertia, bound (in a precise sense) by reference time, are developed and applied to the progressive and the perfect. (shrink)
     
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  16.  42
    Greg Restall, A S s E Rt I O N, Denial, Commitment, Entitlement, and Incompatibility (and Some Consequence).
    In this short paper, I compare and contrast the kind of symmetric treatment of negation favoured in different ways by Huw Price (inWhyNot’?”) and by (...)
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  17.  4
    Alon Harel (forthcoming). R. A. Duff, Lindsay Farmer, S. E. Marshall, Massimo Renzo and Victor Tadros (Eds): The Constitution of the Criminal Law. Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-8.
    <span class='Hi'>span>This<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>book<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi (...)'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>collection<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>consisting<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>introduction<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>nine<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essays<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>explore<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>foundational<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>aspects<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>criminal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>law<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>As<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>introduction<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>makes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>clear<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>book<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>eclectic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essays<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>can<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>classified<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>under<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>three<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>main<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>headings<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>first<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>group<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essays<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>explores<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>political<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>constitution<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>criminal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>law<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>part<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>institutional<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>structure<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>state<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>second<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>group<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essays<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>investigates<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>question<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>authority<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>criminal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>law<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>its<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>potential<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>create<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reasons<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>action<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>third<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>group<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>deals<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>with<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>transnational<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>international<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>criminal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>law<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essays<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>primarily<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>normative<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>but<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>they<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>also<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>contain<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>historical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>sociological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>discussions<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>book<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>will<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>therefore<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interest<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>criminal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>lawyers<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>political<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>legal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophers<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>political<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>scientists<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>policy<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>makers<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>will<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>review<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>separately<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>some<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essays<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>Nicola<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Lacey<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essay<span class='Hi'>span>, “<span class='Hi'>span>What<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Constitutes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Criminal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Law<span class='Hi'>span>?,” <span class='Hi'>span>touches<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>upon<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fundamental<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>question<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>criminal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>law<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>question<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>legitimation<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Lacey<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ap<span class='Hi'>span> .. 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  18.  15
    E. E. A. (1926). Landmarks in the Struggle Between Science and Religion. By James Y. Simpson, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.E., Professor of Natural Science, New College, Edinburgh. [REVIEW] Philosophy 1 (3):388.
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  19.  4
    Wei Zhang (forthcoming). How is a Phenomenological Reflection-Model of Self-Consciousness Possible? A Husserlian Response to E. Tugendhats Semantic Approach to Self-Consciousness. Husserl Studies:1-20.
    <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>problem<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>self<span class='Hi (...)'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>consciousness<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>has<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>been<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essential<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>one<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophy<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>since<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>onset<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>modernity<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Both<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Tugendhat<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Heidelberg<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>School<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>represented<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>D<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Henrich<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>have<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reflected<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>critically<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>upon<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>traditional<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>self<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>consciousness<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>both<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>have<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>revealed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>circular<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>dilemma<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>reflection<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>model<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>adopted<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>traditional<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>order<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>avoid<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>dilemma<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>they<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>both<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>proposed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>substitute<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>formulas<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>each<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>has<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>its<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>advantages<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>disadvantages<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Husserl<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>also<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>paid<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>particular<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>attention<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>traditional<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>self<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>consciousness<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>phenomenology<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Through<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>distinctions<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>primal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>consciousness<span class='Hi'>span>” <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>reflection<span class='Hi'>span>,” <span class='Hi'>span>Husserl<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>explored<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>core<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>problem<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>traditional<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>self<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>consciousness<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>two<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>different<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>dimensions<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>critique<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Husserl<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>clarified<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>founding<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>relation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>primal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>consciousness<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reflection<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>contrast<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Tugendhat<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>semantic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>approach<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>developed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>new<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reflection<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>model<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>self<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>consciousness<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>effectively<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>avoids<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>circular<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>dilemma<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>traditional<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>does<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>not<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>narrow<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>problem<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>domain<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span>. 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  20.  5
    P. E. Easterling (1990). Greek Tragedy and its Legacy Martin Cropp, Elaine Fantham, S.E. Scully (Edd.): Greek Tragedy and its Legacy. Essays Presented to D. J. Conacher. Pp. Xiv + 364; 8 Pages of Illustrations. Calgary, Alberta: University of Calgary Press, 1986. Paper, Can. $24.95. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (01):49-51.
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  21. Gregory E. Kaebnick (2001). Ama's E-Force Enters Patient Privacy Debate. Hastings Center Report 31 (2):6.
     
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  22.  40
    Francisco Flores (2005). Interpretations of Einstein's Equation E = Mc. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):245 – 260.
    <span class='Hi'>span>Interpretations<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Einstein<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'> (...)span> <span class='Hi'>span>equation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>differ<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>primarily<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>concerning<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>whether<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span> = <span class='Hi'>span>mc2<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>entails<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>mass<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>energy<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>same<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>property<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>physical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>systems<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>hence<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>whether<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>there<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>any<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>sense<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>mass<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ever<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>converted<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>into<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>energy<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>or<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>vice<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>versa<span class='Hi'>span>). <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>this<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>paper<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>examine<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>six<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interpretations<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Einstein<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>equation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argue<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>all<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>but<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>one<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>fail<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>satisfy<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>minimal<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>set<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>conditions<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>all<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interpretations<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>physical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theories<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ought<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>satisfy<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argue<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>we<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>should<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>prefer<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interpretation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Einstein<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>equation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>holds<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>mass<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>energy<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>distinct<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>properties<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>physical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>systems<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>This<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interpretation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>also<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>carries<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>along<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>view<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>while<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>most<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cases<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>conversion<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>not<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>genuine<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>examples<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>mass<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>being<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>converted<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>into<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>energy<span class='Hi'>span> (<span class='Hi'>span>or<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>vice<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>versa<span class='Hi'>span>), <span class='Hi'>span>it<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>possible<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>there<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>such<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>conversions<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>sense<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>certain<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>amount<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>energy<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>appears<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>equivalent<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>mass<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>disappears<span class='Hi'>span>'. <span class='Hi'>span>Finally<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>suggest<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interpretation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>defend<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>only<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>one<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>does<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>not<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>blur<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>distinction<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>what<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Einstein<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>called<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>principle<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>constructive<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>theories<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>This<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophically<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>significant<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>because<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>it<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>emphasizes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>explanations<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Einstein<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>equation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>conversion<span class='Hi'>span>' <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>mass<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>energy<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>must<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>top<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>down<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>explanations<span class='Hi'>span>. 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  23.  31
    Timothy J. Pawl (2013). God Without Parts: Divine Simplicity and the Metaphysics of God's Absoluteness, by James E. Dolezal. Faith and Philosophy 30 (4):480-486.
    <span class='Hi'>span>This<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>review<span class='Hi (...)'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>_God<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Without<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Parts<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>Divine<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Simplicity<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Metaphysics<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>God<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Absoluteness_<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>James<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Dolezal<span class='Hi'>span>. (shrink)
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  24.  21
    Jane Maienschein (1991). From Presentation to Representation in E. B. Wilson's the Cell. Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):227-254.
    <span class='Hi'>span>Diagrams<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>make<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>it<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>possible<span class='Hi (...)'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>present<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>scientific<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>facts<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>more<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>abstract<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>generalized<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>form<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>While<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>some<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>detail<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>lost<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>simplified<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>accessible<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>knowledge<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>gained<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>B<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Wilson<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>work<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cytology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>provides<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>case<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>study<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>changing<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>uses<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>diagrams<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>accompanying<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>abstraction<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>early<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>work<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>Wilson<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>presented<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>data<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>photographs<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>saw<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>coming<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>closest<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> “<span class='Hi'>span>fact<span class='Hi'>span>.” <span class='Hi'>span>As<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>gained<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>confidence<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>interpretations<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>sought<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>provide<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>generalized<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>textbook<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>account<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>cell<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>development<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>relied<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>increasingly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>abstract<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>diagrams<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>addition<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>came<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>see<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>highly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>abstract<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>even<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>schematic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>drawings<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>could<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>provide<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>more<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>than<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>pictures<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>directly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>from<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>life<span class='Hi'>span>. 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  25.  37
    Chuansheng He (2013). E-Type Interpretation Without E-Type Pronoun: How Peirce's Graphs Capture the Uniqueness Implication of Donkey Pronouns in Discourse Anaphora. Synthese 192 (4):1-20.
    In this essay, we propose that Peirces Existential Graphs can derive the desired uniqueness implication (or in a weaker claim, the definite description readings) of donkey < (...)span class='Hi'>pronounsspan> in conjunctive discourse (A man walks in the park. He whistles), without postulating a separate category of E-type <span class='Hi'>pronounsspan>. (shrink)
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  26.  36
    Consuelo Preti (2008). On the Origins of the Contemporary Notion of Propositional Content: Anti-Psychologism in Nineteenth-Century Psychology and G.E. Moore's Early Theory of Judgment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):176-185.
    <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argue<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi (...)'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>familiar<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>picture<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>rise<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analytic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophy<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>through<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>early<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>work<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>G<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Bertrand<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Russell<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>incomplete<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>some<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>degree<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>erroneous<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Archival<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>evidence<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>suggests<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>considerable<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>influence<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>especially<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>evident<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>1899<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>paper<span class='Hi'>span> ‘<span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>nature<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>judgment<span class='Hi'>span>,’ <span class='Hi'>span>comes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>from<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>literature<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>nineteenth<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>century<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>empirical<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>psychology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>rather<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>than<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>nineteenth<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>century<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>neo<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>Hegelianism<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>widely<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>believed<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argue<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>conceptual<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>influences<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>paper<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>more<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>likely<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>have<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>had<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>their<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>source<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>work<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>two<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>teachers<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>G<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>F<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Stout<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>James<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Ward<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>What<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>may<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>be<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>called<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>anti<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>psychologism<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>about<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>psychology<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>characterizes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>work<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>these<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>other<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>psychologists<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>period<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>I<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>argue<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>anti<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>psychologism<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>main<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>aim<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>’<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>early<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>judgment<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>an<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>adaptation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>this<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>notion<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>significantly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>dissimilar<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>from<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>notion<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>defended<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Bradley<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>traditionally<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>thought<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>have<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>been<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>key<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>influence<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>Keywords<span class='Hi'>span>: <span class='Hi'>span>G<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Moore<span class='Hi'>span>; <span class='Hi'>span>Bertrand<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Russell<span class='Hi'>span>; <span class='Hi'>span>Propositions<span class='Hi'>span>; <span class='Hi'>span>Anti<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>psychologism<span class='Hi'>span>; <span class='Hi'>span>Early<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>analytic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>philosophy<span class='Hi'>span>; <span class='Hi'>span>G<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>F<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Stout<span class='Hi'>span>. 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  27.  2
    Peter J. Bowler (1984). E. W. MacBride's Lamarckian Eugenics and its Implications for the Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge. Annals of Science 41 (3):245-260.
    <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>W<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>MacBride<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>was<span class='Hi (...)'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>one<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>last<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>supporters<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Lamarckian<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>evolution<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>played<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>prominent<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>role<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> ‘<span class='Hi'>span>case<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>midwife<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>toad<span class='Hi'>span>’. <span class='Hi'>span>Unlike<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>most<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Lamarckians<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>however<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>he<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>adopted<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>very<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>conservative<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>political<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>stance<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>advocating<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>permanent<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>inferiority<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>some<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>races<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>necessity<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>restricting<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>breeding<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>unfit<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>This<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>article<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>shows<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>how<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>MacBride<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>turned<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Lamarckism<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>into<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>plausible<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>means<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>supporting<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>these<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>positions<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>arguing<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>progressive<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>evolution<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>slow<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>process<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>degeneration<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>germ<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>plasm<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>takes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>place<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>unfavourable<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>environments<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>conclusion<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>it<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>suggested<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>MacBride<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>example<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>shows<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>there<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>are<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>no<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>intrinsic<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>links<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>between<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>scientific<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theories<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>social<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>views<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>These<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>who<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>insist<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>social<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>character<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>scientific<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>knowledge<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>must<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>recognize<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>theory<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>may<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>acquire<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>different<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>ideological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>links<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>different<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>social<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>environments<span class='Hi'>span>. 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  28.  64
    Charles Muller, Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wonhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamadhi-Sutra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr.
    This is a review of the book Cultivating Original Enlightenment: Wŏnhyo's Exposition of the Vajrasamādhi-Sūtra, by Robert E. Buswell, Jr., published by the Univeristy of Hawaii (...) Press. This volume, the first to be published in the Collected Works of Wŏnhyo series, contains the translation of a single text by Wŏnhyo, the Kŭmgang Sammaegyŏng Non. (shrink)
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  29.  6
    David Wÿss Rudge (2006). H.B.D. Kettlewell's Research 1937-1953: The Influence of E.B. Ford, E.A. Cockayne and P.M. Sheppard. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (3):359 - 387.
    <span class='Hi'>span>H<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>B<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>D<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Kettlewell<span class='Hi'>span (...)> <span class='Hi'>span>is<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>best<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>known<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>pioneering<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>work<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>on<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>phenomenon<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>industrial<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>melanism<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>which<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>began<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>shortly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>after<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>appointment<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>1951<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Nuffield<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Foundation<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>research<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>worker<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>B<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Ford<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>newly<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>formed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>sub<span class='Hi'>span>-<span class='Hi'>span>department<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>genetics<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>at<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>University<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Oxford<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>In<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>years<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>since<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>legend<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>has<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>formed<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>around<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>these<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>investigations<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>one<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>portrays<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>them<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>a<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>success<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>story<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> '<span class='Hi'>span>Oxford<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>School<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>of<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Ecological<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Genetics<span class='Hi'>span>', <span class='Hi'>span>emphasizes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Ford<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>intellectual<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>contribution<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>minimizes<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reference<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>assistance<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>provided<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>by<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>others<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>The<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>following<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>essay<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reviews<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>important<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>influence<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Ford<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>E<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>A<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Cockayne<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>and<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>P<span class='Hi'>span>.<span class='Hi'>span>M<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>Sheppard<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>played<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Kettlewell<span class='Hi'>span>'<span class='Hi'>span>s<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>research<span class='Hi'>span>, <span class='Hi'>span>leading<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>up<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>to<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>his<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>most<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>famous<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>experiments<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>1953<span class='Hi'>span>. <span class='Hi'>span>It<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>documents<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>several<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>reasons<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>for<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>doubting<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>that<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>Ford<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>was<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>as<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>intellectually<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>involved<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>in<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>the<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>span>design<span class='Hi'>span> <span class='Hi'>