Search results for 'SJ Hanson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  12
    Stevan Harnad & SJ Hanson, Categorical Perception and the Evolution of Supervised Learning in Neural Nets.
    Some of the features of animal and human categorical perception (CP) for color, pitch and speech are exhibited by neural net simulations of CP with one-dimensional inputs: When a backprop net is trained to discriminate and then categorize a set of stimuli, the second task is accomplished by "warping" the similarity space (compressing within-category distances and expanding between-category distances). This natural side-effect also occurs in humans and animals. Such CP categories, consisting of named, bounded regions of similarity space, may be (...)
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  2. Norwood Russell Hanson, R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (1967). Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science in Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1964-1966.
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  3.  6
    Robin Hanson (2007). The Hanson-Hughes Debate on “The Crack of a Future Dawn.”. Journal of Evolution and Technology 16 (1):99-126.
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  4. R. S. Cohen, Norwood Russell Hanson & Marx W. Wartofsky (1967). In Memory of Norwood Russell Hanson Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1964-1966. Reidel.
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  5. Robert Garland Colodny & Norwood Russell Hanson (1965). Beyond the Edge of Certainty Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy [by] Norwood Russell Hanson [and Others]. --. Prentice-Hall.
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  6. R. Hanson (1995). Hanson's Gambling Save Science?: Reply. Social Epistemology 9:45-45.
     
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  7. Norwood Russell Hanson (1958). Patterns of Discovery. Cambridge [Eng.]University Press.
    In this 1958 book, Professor Hanson turns to an equally important but comparatively neglected subject, the philosophical aspects of research and discovery.
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  8. Norwood Russell Hanson (1958). Patterns of Discovery an Inquiry Into the Conceptual Foundations of Science. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Philosophers of science have given considerable attention to the logic of completed scientific systems. In this 1958 book, Professor Hanson turns to an equally important but comparatively neglected subject, the philosophical aspects of research and discovery. He shows that there is a logical pattern in finding theories as much as in using established theories to make deductions and predictions, and he sets out the features of this pattern with the help of striking examples in the history of science.
     
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  9.  30
    William H. Hanson (2014). Logical Truth in Modal Languages: Reply to Nelson and Zalta. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 167 (2):327-339.
    Does general validity or real world validity better represent the intuitive notion of logical truth for sentential modal languages with an actuality connective? In (Philosophical Studies 130:436–459, 2006) I argued in favor of general validity, and I criticized the arguments of Zalta (Journal of Philosophy 85:57–74, 1988) for real world validity. But in Nelson and Zalta (Philosophical Studies 157:153–162, 2012) Michael Nelson and Edward Zalta criticize my arguments and claim to have established the superiority of real world validity. Section 1 (...)
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  10.  14
    Robin Hanson, Combinatorial Information Market Design.
    Department of Economics, George Mason University, MSN 1D3, Carow Hall, Fairfax VA 22030, USA E-mail: rhanson@gmu.edu (http://hanson.gmu.edu).
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  11.  4
    Robin Hanson, Reply to Comments on Could Gambling Save Science?
    Arthur Diamond comments that "it is not clear how a donor distributes money through Hanson's market". Let me try again to be clear. Imagine David Levy were to seek funding for the regression he suggests in his comments, on the relative impact of sports versus science spending on aggregate productivity. Consider what might happen under three different funding institutions.
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  12.  2
    J. C. Orr & N. R. Hanson (1964). The Concept of the Positron: A Philosophical Analysis. Philosophical Quarterly 14 (55):181.
    Originally published in 1963, The Concept of the Positron forms a detailed analysis of quantum theory. Whilst it is not as well known as Professor Hanson's previous book, Patterns of Discovery , the text has many interesting aspects. In many ways it goes further than Hanson's earlier work in approaching the problems of theory competition and the rationality of science, topics that have since become central to the philosophy of science. It is also notable for a rigorous and (...)
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  13. Stephen Hanson & Martin Bunzl (eds.) (2010). Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping. MIT Press.
    The field of neuroimaging has reached a watershed. Brain imaging research has been the source of many advances in cognitive neuroscience and cognitive science over the last decade, but recent critiques and emerging trends are raising foundational issues of methodology, measurement, and theory. Indeed, concerns over interpretation of brain maps have created serious controversies in social neuroscience, and, more important, point to a larger set of issues that lie at the heart of the entire brain mapping enterprise. In this volume, (...)
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  14. Stephen José Hanson & Martin Bunzl (eds.) (2010). Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping. A Bradford Book.
    The field of neuroimaging has reached a watershed. Brain imaging research has been the source of many advances in cognitive neuroscience and cognitive science over the last decade, but recent critiques and emerging trends are raising foundational issues of methodology, measurement, and theory. Indeed, concerns over interpretation of brain maps have created serious controversies in social neuroscience, and, more important, point to a larger set of issues that lie at the heart of the entire brain mapping enterprise. In this volume, (...)
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  15. Norwood Russell Hanson (1969/1970). Perception and Discovery. San Francisco,Freeman, Cooper.
  16. Norwood R. Hanson (1951). Mr. Pap on Synonymity. Mind 60 (240):548-549.
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  17. Norwood Russell Hanson (1969). Perception and Discovery an Introduction to Scientific Inquiry. Freeman, Cooper.
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  18.  3
    Stephen José Hanson & David J. Burr (1990). What Connectionist Models Learn: Learning and Representation in Connectionist Networks. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):471-489.
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  19. Trudy L. Hanson (forthcoming). The Challenges (and Rewards) of Teaching Speech Communication in Texas Public Schools. Corpus.
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  20.  99
    Paul D. Hanson (forthcoming). Book Review: The Politics of Ancient Israel. [REVIEW] Interpretation 57 (3):306-308.
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  21.  21
    Susan Hanson & D. Burr (1990). What Connectionist Models Learn. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
  22.  83
    William H. Hanson (2006). Actuality, Necessity, and Logical Truth. Philosophical Studies 130 (3):437 - 459.
    The traditional view that all logical truths are metaphysically necessary has come under attack in recent years. The contrary claim is prominent in David Kaplan’s work on demonstratives, and Edward Zalta has argued that logical truths that are not necessary appear in modal languages supplemented only with some device for making reference to the actual world (and thus independently of whether demonstratives like ‘I’, ‘here’, and ‘now’ are present). If this latter claim can be sustained, it strikes close to the (...)
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  23.  69
    B. G. Hanson (1989). Parallogic: As Mind Meets Context. Diogenes 37 (147):77-91.
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  24. Jeffrey Hanson (2009). Michel Henry's Critique of the Limits of Intuition. Studia Phaenomenologica 9:97-111.
    Intuition is surely a theme of singular importance to phenomenology, and Henry writes sometimes as if intuition should receive extensive attention from phenomenologists. However, he devotes relatively little attention to the problem of intuition himself. Instead he off ers a complex critique of intuition and the central place it enjoys in phenomenological speculation. This article reconstructs Henry’s critique and raises some questions for his counterintuitive theory of intuition. While Henry cannot make a place for the traditional sort of intuition given (...)
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  25. B. G. Hanson (1991). Conceptualizing Contextual Emotion The Grounds for "Supra-Rationality". Diogenes 39 (156):33-46.
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  26.  77
    Paul D. Hanson (forthcoming). Book Review: God and Earthly Power: An Old Testament Political Theology. [REVIEW] Interpretation 64 (3):310-311.
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  27.  39
    Vincent Terstappen, Lori Hanson & Darrell McLaughlin (2013). Gender, Health, Labor, and Inequities: A Review of the Fair and Alternative Trade Literature. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (1):21-39.
    Although research into fair and alternative trade networks has increased significantly in recent years, very little synthesis of the literature has occurred thus far, especially for social considerations such as gender, health, labor, and equity. We draw on insights from critical theorists to reflect on the current state of fair and alternative trade, draw out contradictions from within the existing research, and suggest actions to help the emancipatory potential of the movement. Using a systematic scoping review methodology, this paper (...)
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  28.  1
    Alfred B. Kristofferson, John Galloway & Robert G. Hanson (1979). Complete Recovery of a Masked Visual Target. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (1):5-6.
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  29.  26
    Robin Hanson (2013). Shall We Vote on Values, But Bet on Beliefs? Journal of Political Philosophy 21 (2):151-178.
    Policy disputes arise at all scales of governance: in clubs, non-profits, firms, nations, and alliances of nations. Both the means and ends of policy are disputed. While many, perhaps most, policy disputes arise from conflicting ends, important disputes also arise from differing beliefs on how to achieve shared ends. In fact, according to many experts in economics and development, governments often choose policies that are “inefficient” in the sense that most everyone could expect to gain from other feasible policies. Many (...)
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  30.  54
    William H. Hanson (1997). The Concept of Logical Consequence. Philosophical Review 106 (3):365-409.
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  31. Mark J. Hanson & Daniel Callahan (1999). The Goals of Medicine the Forgotten Issue in Health Care Reform. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  32.  16
    Stephen Hanson (2005). Teaching Health Care Ethics: Why We Should Teach Nursing and Medical Students Together. Nursing Ethics 12 (2):167-176.
    This article argues that teaching medical and nursing students health care ethics in an interdisciplinary setting is beneficial for them. Doing so produces an education that is theoretically more consistent with the goals of health care ethics, can help to reduce moral stress and burnout, and can improve patient care. Based on a literature review, theoretical arguments and individual observation, this article will show that the benefits of interdisciplinary education, specifically in ethics, outweigh the difficulties many schools may have in (...)
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  33.  29
    C. Glymour & C. Hanson (forthcoming). Reverse Inference in Neuropsychology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv019.
    Reverse inference in cognitive neuropsychology has been characterized as inference to ‘psychological processes’ from ‘patterns of activation’ revealed by functional magnetic resonance or other scanning techniques. Several arguments have been provided against the possibility. Focusing on Machery’s presentation, we attempt to clarify the issues, rebut the impossibility arguments, and propose and illustrate a strategy for reverse inference. 1 The Problem of Reverse Inference in Cognitive Neuropsychology2 The Arguments2.1 The anti-Bayesian argument3 Patterns of Activation4 Reverse Inference Practiced5 Seek and Ye Shall (...)
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  34. Norwood Russell Hanson (1959). Five Cautions for the Copenhagen Interpretation's Critics. Philosophy of Science 26 (4):325-337.
    Within the past decade there has grown an acute and highly articulate group of critics of the orthodox interpretation of quantum theory,--the so-called "Copenhagen Interpretation." The writings of people like Bopp, Janossy, and particularly Bohm and Feyerabend, must be taken very seriously indeed. The future of some important discussions in the philosophy and the logic of science rests with these individuals. But they have, in their own writings, occasionally matched the inelegancies of Bohr and Heisenberg with as many inelegancies of (...)
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  35. Norwood Russell Hanson (1962). Discovering the Positron (II). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 12 (48):299-313.
  36. Norwood Russell Hanson (1960). More on "the Logic of Discovery". Journal of Philosophy 57 (6):182-188.
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  37.  5
    Peter D. Gluckman, Mark A. Hanson & Alan S. Beedle (2007). Non‐Genomic Transgenerational Inheritance of Disease Risk. Bioessays 29 (2):145-154.
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  38. Robin Hanson, If Uploads Come First.
    What if we someday learn how to model small brain units, and so can "upload" ourselves into new computer brains? What if this happens before we learn how to make human-level artificial intelligences? The result could be a sharp transition to an upload-dominated world, with many dramatic consequences. In particular, fast and cheap replication may once again make Darwinian evolution of human values a powerful force in human history. With evolved values, most uploads would value life even when life is (...)
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  39. Robin Hanson (2003). When Worlds Collide: Quantum Probability From Observer Selection? [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 33 (7):1129-1150.
    In Everett's many worlds interpretation, quantum measurements are considered to be decoherence events. If so, then inexact decoherence may allow large worlds to mangle the memory of observers in small worlds, creating a cutoff in observable world size. Smaller world are mangled and so not observed. If this cutoff is much closer to the median measure size than to the median world size, the distribution of outcomes seen in unmangled worlds follows the Born rule. Thus deviations from exact decoherence can (...)
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  40.  82
    Louise Hanson (2013). The Reality of (Non‐Aesthetic) Artistic Value. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):492-508.
    It has become increasingly common for philosophers to make use of the concept of artistic value, and, further, to distinguish artistic value from aesthetic value. In a recent paper, ‘The Myth of (Non-Aesthetic) Artistic Value’, Dominic Lopes takes issue with this, presenting a kind of corrective to current philosophical practice regarding the use of the concept of artistic value. Here I am concerned to defend current practice against Lopes's attack. I argue that there is some unclarity as to what aspect (...)
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  41.  13
    Louise Hanson (2015). Conceptual Art and the Acquaintance Principle. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (3):247-258.
    The Acquaintance Principle has been the subject of extensive debate in philosophical aesthetics. In one of the most recent developments, it has become popular to claim that some works of conceptual art are counterexamples to it. It is further claimed that this is a genuinely new problem in the sense that it is a problem even for versions of the Acquaintance Principle modified to deal with previous objections. I argue that this is essentially correct; however, the claim as it stands (...)
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  42.  5
    Stephen S. Hanson (2011). The Perspective of an IRB Member. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):25-27.
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  43. Mark E. Johnson, Christiane Brems, Bridget L. Hanson, Staci L. Corey, Gloria D. Eldridge & Kristen Mitchell (2014). Conducting Ethical Research with Correctional Populations: Do Researchers and IRB Members Know the Federal Regulations? Research Ethics 10 (1):6-16.
    Conducting or overseeing research in correctional settings requires knowledge of specific federal rules and regulations designed to protect the rights of individuals in incarceration. To investigate the extent to which relevant groups possess this knowledge, using a 10-item questionnaire, we surveyed 885 IRB prisoner representatives, IRB members and chairs with and without experience reviewing HIV/AIDS correctional protocols, and researchers with and without correctional HIV/AIDS research experience. Across all groups, respondents answered 4.5 of the items correctly. Individuals who have overseen or (...)
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  44.  87
    Robin Hanson (2001). How to Live in a Simulation. Journal of Evolution and Technology 7 (1).
  45.  64
    William H. Hanson (1991). Indicative Conditionals Are Truth-Functional. Mind 100 (1):53-72.
  46. Robin Hanson, Burning the Cosmic Commons: Evolutionary Strategies for Interstellar Colonization.
    Attempts to model interstellar colonization may seem hopelessly compromised by uncertainties regarding the technologies and preferences of advanced civilizations. If light speed limits travel speeds, however, then a selection effect may eventually determine frontier behavior. Making weak assumptions about colonization technology, we use this selection effect to predict colonists’ behavior, including which oases they colonize, how long they stay there, how many seeds they then launch, how fast and far those seeds fly, and how behavior changes with increasing congestion. This (...)
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  47.  16
    Norwood Russell Hanson (1962). The Physicist's Conception of Nature. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 59 (12):320-322.
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  48.  73
    Norwood Russell Hanson (1960). Is There a Logic of Scientific Discovery? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):91 – 106.
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  49.  53
    Robin Hanson, The Great Filter - Are We Almost Past It?
    Humanity seems to have a bright future, i.e., a non-trivial chance of expanding to fill the universe with lasting life. But the fact that space near us seems dead now tells us that any given piece of dead matter faces an astronomically low chance of begating such a future. There thus exists a great filter between death and expanding lasting life, and humanity faces the ominous question: how far along this filter are we?
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  50.  20
    Robin Hanson, Information Aggregation and Manipulation in an Experimental Market.
    Prediction markets are increasingly being considered as methods for gathering, summarizing and aggregating diffuse information by governments and businesses alike. Critics worry that these markets are susceptible to price manipulation by agents who wish to distort decision making. We study the effect of manipulators on an experimental market, and find that manipulators are unable to distort price accuracy. Subjects without manipulation incentives compensate for the bias in offers from manipulators by setting a different threshold at which they are willing to (...)
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