Search results for 'Salience' (try it on Scholar)

393 found
Sort by:
  1. Gerald J. Postema (2008). Salience Reasoning. Topoi 27 (1-2):41-55.score: 24.0
    The thesis of this essay is that social conventions of the kind Lewis modeled are generated and maintained by a form of practical reasoning which is essentially common. This thesis is defended indirectly by arguing for an interpretation of the role of salience in Lewis’s account of conventions. The remarkable ability of people to identify salient options and appreciate their practical significance in contexts of social interaction, it is argued, is best explained in terms of their exercise of what (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Benjamin A. Neville, Simon J. Bell & Gregory J. Whitwell (2011). Stakeholder Salience Revisited: Refining, Redefining, and Refueling an Underdeveloped Conceptual Tool. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (3):357-378.score: 24.0
    This article revisits and further develops Mitchell et al.’s (Acad Manag Rev 22(4):853–886, 1997 ) theory of stakeholder identification and salience. Stakeholder salience holds considerable unrealized potential for understanding how organizations may best manage multiple stakeholder relationships. While the salience framework has been cited numerous times, attempts to develop it further have been relatively limited. We begin by reviewing the key contributions of other researchers. We then identify and seek to resolve three residual weaknesses in Mitchell et (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Bernard Marius ’T. Hart, Hannah Claudia Elfriede Fanny Schmidt, Christine Roth & Wolfgang Einhauser (2013). Fixations on Objects in Natural Scenes: Dissociating Importance From Salience. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The relation of selective attention to understanding of natural scenes has been subject to intense behavioral research and computational modeling, and gaze is often used as a proxy for such attention. The probability of an image region to be fixated typically correlates with its contrast. However, this relation does not imply a causal role of contrast. Rather, contrast may relate to an object’s “importance” for a scene, which in turn drives attention. Here we operationalize importance by the probability that an (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. E. James M. Gifford (2010). Effective Shareholder Engagement: The Factors That Contribute to Shareholder Salience. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (1):79-97.score: 24.0
    Institutional investors are increasingly becoming active owners through voting their shares and engaging in dialogue with investee companies to improve corporate environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) performance. This article applies a model of stakeholder salience to the shareholder context, analysing the attributes of power, legitimacy and urgency, to determine the factors that are likely to enhance shareholder salience. It is found that a strong business case and the values of the managers of investee companies are likely to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Helga A. Harsay, Marcus Spaan, Jasper G. Wijnen & K. Richard Ridderinkhof (2012). Error Awareness and Salience Processing in the Oddball Task: Shared Neural Mechanisms. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:246-246.score: 24.0
    A body of work suggests that there are similarities in the way we become aware of an error and process motivationally salient events. Yet, evidence for a shared neural mechanism has not been provided. A within-subject investigation of the brain regions involved in error awareness and salience processing has not been reported. While the neural response to motivationally salient events is classically studied during target detection after longer target-to-target intervals in an oddball task and engages a widespread insula-thalamo-cortical brain (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. K. Richard Ridderinkhof Helga A. Harsay, Marcus Spaan, Jasper G. Wijnen (2012). Error Awareness and Salience Processing in the Oddball Task: Shared Neural Mechanisms. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 24.0
    A body of work suggests that there are similarities in the way we become aware of an error and process motivationally salient events. Yet, evidence for a shared neural mechanism has not been provided. A within-subject investigation of the brain regions involved in error awareness and salience processing has not been reported. While the neural response to motivationally salient events is classically studied during target detection after longer target-to-target intervals in an oddball task and engages a widespread insula-thalamo-cortical brain (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. A. K. Anderson Yaqing Niu, Rebecca M. Todd (2012). Affective Salience Can Reverse the Effects of Stimulus-Driven Salience on Eye Movements in Complex Scenes. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    In natural vision both stimulus features and cognitive/affective factors influence an observer's attention. However, the relationship between stimulus-driven (“bottom-up”) and cognitive/affective (“top-down”) factors remains controversial: Can affective salience counteract strong visual stimulus signals and shift attention allocation irrespective of bottom-up features? Is there any difference between negative and positive scenes in terms of their influence on attention deployment? Here we examined the impact of affective factors on eye movement behavior, to understand the competition between visual stimulus-driven salience and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Valentin Riedl Anselm Doll, Christian Sorg, Andrei Manoliu, Andreas Wöller, Chun Meng, Hans Förstl, Claus Zimmer, Afra M. Wohlschläger (2013). Shifted Intrinsic Connectivity of Central Executive and Salience Network in Borderline Personality Disorder. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by “stable instability” of emotions and behavior and their regulation. This emotional and behavioral instability corresponds with a neurocognitive triple network model of psychopathology, which suggests that aberrant emotional saliency and cognitive control is associated with aberrant interaction across three intrinsic connectivity networks (ICN) (i.e. the salience, default mode, and central executive network, SN, DMN, CEN). The objective of the current study was to investigate whether and how such triple network intrinsic functional connectivity (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. I. C. Dombrowe, C. N. Olivers & M. Donk (2009). The Time Course of Color- and Luminance-Based Salience Effects. Frontiers in Psychology 1:189-189.score: 24.0
    Salient objects in the visual field attract our attention. Recent work in the orientation domain has shown that the effects of the relative salience of two singleton elements on covert visual attention disappear over time. The present study aims to investigate how salience derived from color and luminance differences affects covert selection. In two experiments, observers indicated the location of a probe which was presented at different stimulus-onset-asynchronies after the presentation of a singleton display containing a homogeneous array (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Ivanina Henrichs, Claudia Elsner, Birgit Elsner & Gustaf Gredebäck (2012). Goal Salience Affects Infants' Goal-Directed Gaze Shifts. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Around their first year of life, infants are able to anticipate the goal of others’ ongoing actions. For instance, 12-month-olds anticipate the goal of everyday feeding actions and manual actions such as reaching and grasping. However, little is known whether the salience of the goal influences infants’ online assessment of others’ actions. The aim of the current eye-tracking study was to elucidate infants’ ability to anticipate reaching actions depending on the visual salience of the goal object. In Experiment (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Gustaf Gredebäck Ivanina Henrichs, Claudia Elsner, Birgit Elsner (2012). Goal Salience Affects Infants' Goal-Directed Gaze Shifts. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Around their first year of life, infants are able to anticipate the goal of others’ ongoing actions. For instance, 12-month-olds anticipate the goal of everyday feeding actions and manual actions such as reaching and grasping. However, little is known whether the salience of the goal influences infants’ online assessment of others’ actions. The aim of the current eye-tracking study was to elucidate infants’ ability to anticipate reaching actions depending on the visual salience of the goal object. In Experiment (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. David L. Pelletier, Vivica Kraak, Christine McCullum, Ulla Unsitalo & Robert Rich (1999). Community Food Security: Salience and Participation at Community Level. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 16 (4):401-419.score: 24.0
    Community food security (CFS) is an incipient movement based on the re-localization of many food system activities in response to values concerning the social, health, economic, and environmental consequences of the globalizing food system. This study examines the salience of these values based on the action agendas and accomplishments emerging from community planning events in six rural counties of New York, and the nature and type of participation and local support. The study finds a high level of agreement between (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Sukhwinder S. Shergill Thomas P. White, James Gilleen (2013). Dysregulated but Not Decreased Salience Network Activity in Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Effective estimation of the salience of environmental stimuli underlies adaptive behaviour, while related aberrance is believed to undermine rational thought processes in schizophrenia. A network including bilateral frontoinsular cortex (FIC) and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been observed to respond to salient stimuli using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To test the hypothesis that activity in this salience network (SN) is less discriminately modulated by contextually-relevant stimuli in schizophrenia than in healthy individuals, fMRI data were collected in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Talbot Brewer (2001). Rethinking Our Maxims: Perceptual Salience and Practical Judgment in Kantian Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 4 (3):219-230.score: 21.0
    Some contemporary Kantians have argued that one could not be virtuous without having internalized certain patterns of awareness that permit one to identify and respond reliably to moral reasons for action. I agree, but I argue that this insight requires unrecognized, farreaching, and thoroughly welcome changes in the traditional Kantian understanding of maxims and virtues. In particular, it implies that one''s characteristic emotions and desires will partly determine one''s maxims, and hence the praiseworthiness of one''s actions. I try to show (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed (2013). Culture, Salience, and Psychiatric Diagnosis: Exploring the Concept of Cultural Congruence & its Practical Application. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):5.score: 21.0
    Cultural congruence is the idea that to the extent a belief or experience is culturally shared it is not to feature in a diagnostic judgement, irrespective of its resemblance to psychiatric pathology. This rests on the argument that since deviation from norms is central to diagnosis, and since what counts as deviation is relative to context, assessing the degree of fit between mental states and cultural norms is crucial. Various problems beset the cultural congruence construct including impoverished definitions of culture (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. David Bodoff (2013). When Learning Meets Salience. Theory and Decision 74 (2):241-266.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Ruth Beatson, Stephen Loughnan & Michael Halloran (2009). Attitudes Toward Animals: The Effect of Priming Thoughts of Human-Animal Similarities and Mortality Salience on the Evaluation of Companion Animals. Society and Animals 17 (1):72-89.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Lee R. Beach & Richard W. Shoenberger (1965). Event Salience and Response Frequency on a ten-Alternative Probability-Learning Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):312.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Richard D. Odom (1972). Effects of Perceptual Salience on the Recall of Relevant and Incidental Dimensional Values: A Developmental Study. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (2):285.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Heather Bortfeld, Katie Shaw & Nicole Depowski (2013). Disentangling the Influence of Salience and Familiarity on Infant Word Learning: Methodological Advances. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Rommel O. Salvador, Altaf Merchant & Elizabeth A. Alexander (2014). Faith and Fair Trade: The Moderating Role of Contextual Religious Salience. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (3):353-371.score: 21.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Fernando Martinez-Manrique & Agustin Vicente (2013). What is Said by a Metaphor: The Role of Salience and Conventionality. Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):304-328.score: 18.0
    Contextualist theorists have recently defended the views (a) that metaphor-processing can be treated on a par with other meaning changes, such as narrowing or transfer, and (b) that metaphorical contents enter into “what is said” by an utterance. We do not dispute claim (a) but consider that claim (b) is problematic. Contextualist theorists seem to leave in the hands of context the explanation about why it is that some meaning changes are directly processed, and thus plausibly form part of “what (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Robin P. Cubitt & Robert Sugden (2003). Common Knowledge, Salience and Convention: A Reconstruction of David Lewis' Game Theory. Economics and Philosophy 19 (2):175-210.score: 18.0
    David Lewis is widely credited with the first formulation of common knowledge and the first rigorous analysis of convention. However, common knowledge and convention entered mainstream game theory only when they were formulated, later and independently, by other theorists. As a result, some of the most distinctive and valuable features of Lewis' game theory have been overlooked. We re-examine this theory by reconstructing key parts in a more formal way, extending it, and showing how it differs from more recent game (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Moira Howes (2012). Managing Salience: The Importance of Intellectual Virtue in Analyses of Biased Scientific Reasoning. Hypatia 27 (4):736-754.score: 18.0
    Feminist critiques of science show that systematic biases strongly influence what scientific communities find salient. Features of reality relevant to women, for instance, may be under-appreciated or disregarded because of bias. Many feminist analyses of values in science identify problems with salience and suggest better epistemologies. But overlooked in such analyses are important discussions about intellectual virtues and the role they play in determining salience. Intellectual virtues influence what we should find salient. They do this in part by (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Vanessa Magness (2008). Who Are the Stakeholders Now? An Empirical Examination of the Mitchell, Agle, and Wood Theory of Stakeholder Salience. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):177 - 192.score: 18.0
    Two environmental accidents in the mining industry provide the context for this study of the Mitchell, Agle, and Wood (1997, The Academy of Management Review 22, 853–886) analysis of stakeholder salience. I examine the reactions of two stakeholder groups: shareholder response is examined in terms of changing share returns and risk; management response through change in disclosure. I find the two decision-makers reacted at different times. Management responded to the first accident, though not the second. Shareholders responded to the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Longinos Marin, Salvador Ruiz & Alicia Rubio (2009). The Role of Identity Salience in the Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Consumer Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):65 - 78.score: 18.0
    Based on the assumption that consumers will reward firms for their support of social programs, many organizations have adopted corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices. Drawing on social identity theory, a model of influence of CSR on loyalty is developed and tested using a sample of real consumers. Results demonstrate that CSR initiatives are linked to stronger loyalty both because the consumer develops a more positive company evaluation, and because one identifies more strongly with the company. Moreover, identity salience is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Jeremy Moon & Xi Shen (2010). CSR in China Research: Salience, Focus and Nature. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (4):613 - 629.score: 18.0
    This article investigates the development of research in the field of CSR in China. The justification for this is that (i) there is evidence that CSR is emerging as a management practice and management field internationally; (ii) there is a general interest in the distinctiveness or comparability of management and management research in Asia and China; (iii) there is evidence that CSR is growing as a management issue in China; and (iv) yet, the mainsprings of this are very different from (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Allyson Mount (2008). Intentions, Gestures, and Salience in Ordinary and Deferred Demonstrative Reference. Mind and Language 23 (2):145–164.score: 18.0
    In debates about the proper analysis of demonstrative expressions, ostensive gestures and speaker intentions are often seen as competing for primary importance in securing reference. Underlying some of these debates is the mistaken assumption that ostensive gestures always make the demonstrated object maximally salient to interlocutors. When we abandon this assumption and focus on an object’s mutually-recognized salience itself, rather than on how the object came to be salient, we can work towards a more promising analysis with a uniform (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Margaret Gilbert (1989). Rationality and Salience. Philosophical Studies 57 (1):61-77.score: 18.0
    A number of authors, Including Thomas Schelling and David Lewis, have envisaged a model of the generation of action in coordination problems in which salience plays a crucial role. Empirical studies suggest that human subjects are likely to try for the salient combination of actions, a tendency leading to fortunate results. Does rationality dictate that one aim at the salient combination? Some have thought so, Thus proclaiming that salience is all that is needed to resolve coordination problems for (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Ronald K. Mitchell, Bradley R. Agle, James J. Chrisman & Laura J. Spence (2011). Toward a Theory of Stakeholder Salience in Family Firms. Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (2):235-255.score: 18.0
    The notion of stakeholder salience based on attributes (e.g., power, legitimacy, urgency) is applied in the family business setting. We argue that where principal institutions intersect (i.e., family and business); managerial perceptions of stakeholder salience will be different and more complex than where institutions are based on a single dominant logic. We propose that (1) whereas utilitarian power is more likely in the general business case, normative power is more typical in family business stakeholder salience; (2) whereas (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Richard Yetter Chappell & Helen Yetter-Chappell, Virtue and Salience.score: 18.0
    This paper explores two ways that evaluations of an agent’s character as virtuous or vicious are properly influenced by what the agent finds salient or attention-grabbing. First, we argue that ignoring salient needs reveals a greater deficit of benevolent motivation in the agent, and hence renders them more blameworthy. We use this fact to help explain our ordinary intuition that failing to give to famine relief (for example) is in some sense less bad than failing to help a drowning child (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Maxwell J. Roberts, Heather Welfare, Doreen P. Livermore & Alice M. Theadom (2000). Context, Visual Salience, and Inductive Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (4):349 – 374.score: 18.0
    An important debate in the reasoning literature concerns the extent to which inference processes are domain-free or domain-specific. Typically, evidence in support of the domain-specific position comprises the facilitation observed when abstract reasoning tasks are set in realistic context. Three experiments are reported here in which the sources of facilitation were investigated for contextualised versions of Raven's Progressive Matrices (Richardson, 1991) and non-verbal analogies from the AH4 test (Richardson & Webster, 1996). Experiment 1 confirmed that the facilitation observed for the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. E. James & M. Gifford (2010). Effective Shareholder Engagement: The Factors That Contribute to Shareholder Salience. Journal of Business Ethics 92:79 - 97.score: 18.0
    Institutional investors are increasingly becoming active owners through voting their shares and engaging in dialogue with investee companies to improve corporate environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) performance. This article applies a model of stakeholder salience to the shareholder context, analysing the attributes of power, legitimacy and urgency, to determine the factors that are likely to enhance shareholder salience. It is found that a strong business case and the values of the managers of investee companies are likely to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Longinos Matin, Salvador Ruiz & Alicia Rubio (2009). The Role of Identity Salience in the Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Consumer Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):65 - 78.score: 18.0
    Based on the assumption that consumers will reward firms for their support of social programs, many organizations have adopted corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices. Drawing on social identity theory, a model of influence of CSR on loyalty is developed and tested using a sample of real consumers. Results demonstrate that CSR initiatives are linked to stronger loyalty both because the consumer develops a more positive company evaluation, and because one identifies more strongly with the company. Moreover, identity salience is (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. David Saiia (2005). Stakeholder Salience, Shifting Networks and Sustainability. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:342-346.score: 18.0
    The definition of sustainability is notoriously imprecise. Stakeholder salience and a better understanding of stakeholder networks can help to add clarity to sustainability in an organizational context. Case material drawn from a South American NGO will be used to demonstrate a new representation of stakeholder management information. This paper offers a tool for graphically describing and managing stakeholder relationships for sustainable development.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Brian K. Burton & Michael Goldsby (2005). Stakeholder Salience and Corporate Performance. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:302-305.score: 18.0
    This paper reports the results of a study essentially replicating that of Agle, Mitchell, and Sonnenfeld (1999) concerning stakeholder salience, values, andorganizational performance, but surveying small business managers instead of large-firm CEOs. The results in some ways parallel the findings of Agle et al. and in some ways diverge.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Brian K. Burton & Michael Goldsby (2005). Stakeholder Salience and Ethical Views of Small Business Managers. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:306-309.score: 18.0
    This study investigates possible links between small-business managers’ perceptions of stakeholder salience and their views of the ethicality of business decisions. Results indicate few if any links between the two concepts exist. They provide evidence that small-business managers make decisions in line with internal viewpoints rather than external pressures.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Kent C. Berridge, Jun Zhang & J. Wayne Aldridge (2008). Computing Motivation: Incentive Salience Boosts of Drug or Appetite States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):440-441.score: 18.0
    Current computational models predict reward based solely on learning. Real motivation involves that but also more. Brain reward systems can dynamically generate incentive salience, by integrating prior learned values with even novel physiological states (e.g., natural appetites; drug-induced mesolimbic sensitization) to cause intense desires that were themselves never learned. We hope future computational models may capture this too.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Aikaterini Fotopoulou Charlotte Krahé, Anne Springer, John A. Weinman (2013). The Social Modulation of Pain: Others as Predictive Signals of Salience – a Systematic Review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    Several studies in cognitive neuroscience have investigated the cognitive and affective modulation of pain. By contrast, fewer studies have focused on the social modulation of pain, despite a plethora of relevant clinical findings. Here we present the first review of experimental studies addressing how interpersonal factors, such as the presence, behaviour and spatial proximity of an observer, modulate pain. Based on a systematic literature search we identified twenty-six studies on experimentally-induced pain that manipulated different interpersonal variables and measured behavioural, physiological (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Kirk G. Thompson & Narcisse P. Bichot (1999). Frontal Eye Field: A Cortical Salience Map. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):699-700.score: 18.0
    The concept of a salience map has become important for the development of theories of visual attention and saccade generation. Recent studies have shown that the frontal eye fields have all of the characteristics of a salience map.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Carey L. Danna, Paul D. Shepard & Greg I. Elmer (2013). The Habenula Governs the Attribution of Incentive Salience to Reward Predictive Cues. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:781.score: 18.0
    The attribution of incentive salience to reward associated cues is critical for motivation and the pursuit of rewards. Disruptions in the integrity of the neural systems controlling these processes can lead to avolition and anhedonia, symptoms that cross the diagnostic boundaries of many neuropsychiatric illnesses. Here, we consider whether the habenula (Hb), a region recently demonstrated to encode negatively valenced events, also modulates the attribution of incentive salience to a neutral cue predicting a food reward. The Pavlovian autoshaping (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Sefa Hayibor (2005). Salience of Organizational Values as a Determinant of Value Projection and the Accuracy of Assessments of the Values of Superiors. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:22-25.score: 18.0
    This paper employs data from a sample of the CEOs and top managers of seventy-nine U.S. companies and non-profit organizations to test hypotheses concerning the effects of the salience of organizational values on the accuracy of top managers’ perceptions of their CEOs’ values and their propensities to project their own values onto their CEOs. Results provide evidence that the salience of organizational values is positively related to both accuracy in subordinates’ perceptions of their superiors’ values and projection of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Sarah Zweynert, Jan Philipp Pade, Torsten Wüstenberg, Philipp Sterzer, Henrik Walter, Constanze I. Seidenbecher, Alan Richardson-Klavehn, Emrah Düzel & Björn H. Schott (2011). Motivational Salience Modulates Hippocampal Repetition Suppression and Functional Connectivity in Humans. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:144.score: 18.0
    Repetition suppression (RS) is a rapid decrease of stimulus-related neuronal responses upon repeated presentation of a stimulus. Previous studies have demonstrated that negative emotional salience of stimuli enhances RS. It is, however, unclear how motivational salience of stimuli, such as reward-predicting value, influences RS for complex visual stimuli, and which brain regions might show differences in RS for reward-predicting and neutral stimuli. Here we investigated the influence of motivational salience on RS of complex scenes using event-related fMRI. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Alasdair D. F. Clarke, Micha Elsner & Hannah Rohde (2013). Where's Wally: The Influence of Visual Salience on Referring Expression Generation. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 17.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Joshua Alexander, Chad Gonnerman & John Waterman (forthcoming). Salience and Epistemic Egocentrism: An Empirical Study. In James Beebe (ed.), Advances in Experimental Epistemology. Continuum.score: 15.0
    Jennifer Nagel (2010) has recently proposed a fascinating account of the decreased tendency to attribute knowledge in conversational contexts in which unrealized possibilities of error have been mentioned. Her account appeals to epistemic egocentrism, or what is sometimes called the curse of knowledge, an egocentric bias to attribute our own mental states to other people (and sometimes our own future and past selves). Our aim in this paper is to investigate the empirical merits of Nagel’s hypothesis about the psychology involved (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Jonathan Dancy (2006). Reasons, Relevance and Salience: A Response to Hookway. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 130 (1):71--79.score: 15.0
    This paper responds to Christopher Hookway’s article, “Reasons for Belief, Reasoning, Virtue.”.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Marc Lange (2000). Salience, Supervenience, and Layer Cakes in Sellars's Scientific Realism, McDowell's Moral Realism, and the Philosophy of Mind. Philosophical Studies 101 (2-3):213-251.score: 15.0
  48. Brian Skyrms (1998). Salience and Symmetry-Breaking in the Evolution of Convention. Law and Philosophy 17 (4):411 - 418.score: 15.0
    Since monkeys certainly understand much that is said to them by man, and when wild, utter signal-cries of danger to their fellows; and since fowls give distinct warnings for danger on the ground, or in the sky from hawks (both, as well, a third cry, intelligible to dogs), may not some unusually wise ape-like animal have imitated the growl of a beast of prey, and thus told his fellow-monkeys the nature of the expected danger? This would have been the first (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Soo Jung Moon & Ki Hyun (2009). The Salience of Stakeholders and Their Attributes in Public Relations and Business News. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 24 (1):59-75.score: 15.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 393