Search results for 'Sameness' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Susanna Schellenberg (2012). Sameness of Fregean Sense. Synthese 189 (1):163-175.score: 18.0
    This paper develops a criterion for sameness of Fregean senses. I consider three criteria: logical equivalence, intensional isomorphism, and epistemic equipollence. I reject the first two and argue for a version of the third.
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  2. Delia Graff Fara (2008). Relative-Sameness Counterpart Theory. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (2):167-189.score: 18.0
    Here I propose a coherent way of preserving the identity of material objects with the matter that constitutes them. The presentation is formal, and intended for RSL. An informal presentation is in preliminary draft! -/- Relative-sameness relations—such as being the same person as—are like David Lewis's "counterpart" relations in the following respects: (i) they may hold between objects that aren't identical (I propose), and (ii) there are a multiplicity of them, different ones of which may be variously invoked in (...)
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  3. Scott M. Williams (2012). Henry of Ghent on Real Relations and the Trinity: The Case for Numerical Sameness Without Identity. Recherches de Théologie Et Philosophie Médiévales 79 (1):109-148.score: 18.0
    I argue that there is a hitherto unrecognized connection between Henry of Ghent’s general theory of real relations and his Trinitarian theology, namely the notion of numerical sameness without identity. A real relation (relatio) is numerically the same thing (res) as its absolute (non-relative) foundation, without being identical to its foundation. This not only holds for creaturely real relations but also for the divine persons’ distinguishing real relations. A divine person who is constituted by a real relation (relatio) and (...)
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  4. Stan Klein (2014). Sameness and the Self: Philosophical and Psychological Considerations. Frontiers in Psychology -- Perception:1-15.score: 18.0
    NOTE: This paper is an expanded and more fully realized (mostly on the philosophical end of things) version of a paper already on-line at this site from Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. -/- ABSTRACT In this paper I examine the concept of cross-temporal personal identity (diachronicity). This particular form of identity has vexed theorists for centuries -- e.g.,how can a person maintain a belief in the sameness of self overtime in the face of continual psychological and physical change? I (...)
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  5. J. Seibt (2002). Fission, Sameness, and Survival: Parfit's Branch Line Argument Revisited. Metaphysica 1 (2):95-134.score: 18.0
    Parfit’s Branch Line argument is intended to show that the relation of survival is possibly a one-many relation and thus different from numerical identity. I offer a detailed reconstruction of Parfit’s notions of survival and personal identity, and show the argument cannot be coherently formulated within Parfit’s own setting. More specifically, I argue that Parfit’s own specifications imply that the “R-relation”, i.e., the relation claimed to capture of “what matters in survival,” turns out to hold not only along but also (...)
     
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  6. Kristin Zeiler (2007). Who Am I? When Do “I” Become Another? An Analytic Exploration of Identities, Sameness and Difference, Genes and Genomes. Health Care Analysis 15 (1):25-32.score: 18.0
    What is the impact of genetics and genomics on issues of identity and what do we mean when we speak of identity? This paper explores how certain concepts of identity used in philosophy can be brought together in a multi-layered concept of identity. It discusses the concepts of numerical, qualitative, personal and genetic identity-over-time as well as rival concepts of genomic identity-over-time. These are all understood as layers in the multi-layered concept of identity. Furthermore, the paper makes it clear that (...)
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  7. Katalin Farkas (2006). Indiscriminability and the Sameness of Appearance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (2):39-59.score: 16.0
    Abstract: How exactly should the relation between a veridical perception and a corresponding hallucination be understood? I argue that the epistemic notion of ‘indiscriminability’, understood as lacking evidence for the distinctness of things, is not suitable for defining this relation. Instead, we should say that a hallucination and a veridical perception involve the same phenomenal properties. This has further consequences for attempts to give necessary and sufficient conditions for the identity of phenomenal properties in terms of indiscriminability, and for considerations (...)
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  8. Robert W. Sekuler & Michael Abrams (1968). Visual Sameness: A Choice Time Analysis of Pattern Recognition Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):232.score: 15.0
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  9. Michael C. Rea (1998). Sameness Without Identity: An Aristotelian Solution to the Problem of Material Constitution. Ratio 11 (3):316–328.score: 12.0
    In this paper, I present an Aristotelian solution to the problem of material constitution. The problem of material constitution arises whenever it appears that an object a and an object b share all of the same parts and yet are essentially related to their parts in different ways. (A familiar example: A lump of bronze constitutes a statue of Athena. The lump and the statue share all of the same parts, but it appears that the lump can, whereas the statue (...)
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  10. Lloyd Gerson (2004). Plato on Identity, Sameness, and Difference. Review of Metaphysics 58 (2):305 - 332.score: 12.0
    Among the concepts central to Plato's metaphysical vision are those of identity, sameness, and difference. For example, it is on the basis of a claim about putative cases of sameness among different things that Plato postulates the existence of separate Forms. It is owing to the apparent sameness between instances of Forms and the Forms themselves that Plato is compelled somehow to take account of potentially destructive vicious infinite regress arguments. Further, in reflecting on the Forms and (...)
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  11. David Wiggins (2001). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.score: 12.0
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance (1980), David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then (...)
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  12. A. C. Varzi (2001). Occasions of Identity: The Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (2):291 – 295.score: 12.0
    Book Information Occasions of Identity: The Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. By A. Gallois. Clarendon Press. Oxford. 1998. Pp. xiii + 296. Hardback, £35.00.
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  13. Prasita Mukherjee (2012). Revolutionizing Agency: Sameness and Difference in the Representation of Women by Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain and Mahasweta Devi. ARGUMENT 2 (1):117-127.score: 12.0
    In this paper the sameness and difference between two distinguished Indian authors, Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1880–1932) and Mahasweta Devi (b. 1926), representing two generations almost a century apart, will be under analysis in order to trace the generational transformation in women’s writing in India, especially Bengal. Situated in the colonial and postcolonial frames of history, Hossain and Mahasweta Devi may be contextualized differently. At the same time their subjects are also differently categorized; the former is not particularly concerned with (...)
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  14. Brian Weatherson, Sameness and Substance Renewed.score: 12.0
    Sameness and Substance Renewed (hereafter, 2001) is, in effect, a second edition of Wiggins’s 1980 book Sameness and Substance (hereafter, 1980), which in turn expanded and corrected some ideas in his 1967 Identity and Spatio-Temporal Continuity (hereafter, 1967). All three books have similar aims. The first is to argue, primarily against Geach, that identity is absolute not relative. The second is to argue that, despite this, whenever an identity claim a = b is true, there is a sortal (...)
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  15. Ariel Cohen, Michael Kaminski & Johann A. Makowsky (2008). Notions of Sameness by Default and Their Application to Anaphora, Vagueness, and Uncertain Reasoning. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (3):285-306.score: 12.0
    We motivate and formalize the idea of sameness by default: two objects are considered the same if they cannot be proved to be different. This idea turns out to be useful for a number of widely different applications, including natural language processing, reasoning with incomplete information, and even philosophical paradoxes. We consider two formalizations of this notion, both of which are based on Reiter’s Default Logic. The first formalization is a new relation of indistinguishability that is introduced by default. (...)
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  16. Marco Santambrogio (2006). On the Sameness of Thoughts. Substitutional Quantifiers, Tense, and Belief. Grazer Philosophische Studien 72 (1):111-140.score: 12.0
    In order to know what a belief is, we need to know when it is appropriate to say that two subjects (or the same subject at two different times) believe(s) the same or entertain the same thought. This is not entirely straightforward. Consider for instance1. Tom thinks that he himself is the smartest and Tim believes the same2. In 2001, Bill believed that some action had to be taken to save the rain forest and today he believes the same.What does (...)
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  17. Atle Grønn & Kjell Johan Sæbø (2012). A, The, Another: A Game of Same and Different. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (1):75-95.score: 12.0
    Indefinites face competition at two levels: Presupposition and content. The antipresupposition hypothesis predicts that they signal the opposite of familiarity, or uniqueness, namely, novelty, or non-uniqueness. At the level of descriptive content, they are pressured from two sides: definites expressing identity and another phrases expressing difference, and Gricean reasoning predicts that indefinites signal both difference and identity and are infelicitous when definites and another phrases are felicitous. However, occasionally a space opens between the and another, for a to fill. This (...)
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  18. André Gallois (1998). Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    Occasions of Identity is an exploration of timeless philosophical issues about persistence, change, time, and sameness. Andre Gallois offers a critical survey of various rival views about the nature of identity and change, and puts forward his own original theory. He supports the idea of occasional identities, arguing that it is coherent and helpful to suppose that things can be identical at one time but distinct at another. Gallois defends this view, demonstrating how it can solve puzzles about persistence (...)
     
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  19. John Marenbon (2007). Abelard's Changing Thoughts on Sameness and Difference in Logic and Theology. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):229-250.score: 12.0
    The discussion of sameness and difference in the three versions of the Theologia has been analyzed by a number of recent writers (for example, Ian Wilks, JeffBrower, and Peter King). Despite some disagreements, they concur that Abelard’s views are best expressed in the Theologia christiana and that he is putting forward a theory that—perhaps adapted—can help philosophers now in considering the material constitution of objects. By contrast, I argue that his views, which should be seen as developing and reaching (...)
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  20. Dragan Milovanovic (2001). Postmodernism Meets the Balkan Crises: Affirming, Celebrating, and Prioritizing Difference and Sameness In Mediation Efforts. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 14 (4):409-428.score: 12.0
    This paper will focus on apostmodern perspective on mediation in theBalkan crises. It will take three perspectivesfrom postmodern analysis – semiotics, chaosand catastrophe theory – and indicate how theycan contribute to peacemaking initiatives.Topology theory will orient and integrate thethree threads. Little in mediation literaturehas offered any theoretical analysis of thedynamics involved. More often it is of adescriptive nature. We will focus onconstructing better institutions for conflictresolution and for alternative semioticproduction. This article is a more theoreticalexamination on how differences and (...) canfind a space within which those in escalatingstates of difference come to an understanding,a space within which an alternative discourse,a peace discourse may begin to take form. (shrink)
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  21. Mael A. Melvin (1982). Towards Unified Field Theory: Quantitative Differences and Qualitative Sameness. Synthese 50 (3):359 - 397.score: 10.0
    A survey is given of the concepts of interaction (force) and matter, i.e., of process and substance. The development of these concepts, first in antiquity, then in early modern times, and finally in the contemporary system of quantum field theory is described. After a summary of the basic phenomenological attributes (coupling strengths, symmetry quantities, charges), the common ground of concepts of quantum field theory for both interactions and matter entities is discussed. Then attention is focused on the gauge principle which (...)
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  22. Abraham Akkerman (1994). Sameness of Age Cohorts in the Mathematics of Population Growth. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):679-691.score: 10.0
    The axiom of extensionality of set theory states that any two classes that have identical members are identical. Yet the class of persons age i at time t and the class of persons age i + 1 at t + l, both including same persons, possess different demographic attributes, and thus appear to be two different classes. The contradiction could be resolved by making a clear distinction between age groups and cohorts. Cohort is a multitude of individuals, which is constituted (...)
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  23. David Wiggins (2005). Précis of Sameness and Substance Renewed. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):442–448.score: 9.0
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  24. Gary Ebbs (2000). The Very Idea of Sameness of Extension Across Time. American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3):245 - 268.score: 9.0
  25. E. J. Lowe (2003). Review: Sameness and Substance Renewed. [REVIEW] Mind 112 (448):816-820.score: 9.0
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  26. Norwood Russell Hanson (1960). On Having the Same Visual Experiences. Mind 69 (July):340-350.score: 9.0
  27. Grant Ramsey & Anne Siebels Peterson (2012). Sameness in Biology. Philosophy of Science 79 (2):255-275.score: 9.0
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  28. Laura Schroeter (2013). Two-Dimensional Semantics and Sameness of Meaning. Philosophy Compass 8 (1):84-99.score: 9.0
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  29. Hector-Neri Castañeda (1975). Identity and Sameness. Philosophia 5 (1-2):121-150.score: 9.0
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  30. Joseph Jedwab (2013). A Critique of Baker's Constitution View. Metaphysica 14 (1):47-62.score: 9.0
    The paper presents, motivates, critiques, and proposes revisions to Baker’s Constitution View, which includes her definitions of constitution, derivative features, and numerical sameness. The paper argues that Baker should add a mereological clause to her definition of constitution in order to avoid various counterexamples.
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  31. R. M. Sainsbury (2004). Sameness and Difference of Sense. Philosophical Books 45 (3):209-217.score: 9.0
  32. D. Gabbay & J. M. Moravcsik (1973). Sameness and Individuation. Journal of Philosophy 70 (16):513-526.score: 9.0
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  33. Hector-Neri Castaneda (1989). The Reflexivity of Self-Consciousness: Sameness/Identity, Data for Artificial Intelligence. Philosophical Topics 17 (1):27-58.score: 9.0
  34. Achille Varzi, Gallois, A., Occasions of Identity: The Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998), Pp. XIII, 296, £35.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW]score: 9.0
    This is a detailed defense of the view that identity is not an eternal, necessary relation: things can be identical at one time and distinct at another; they can be identical in one world and distinct in another. The defense is judicial rather than passionate, as Gallois’s primary goal is to persuade the reader that the view is ‘at least as credible’ as its more fashionable alternatives. But Gallois also aims to show that if the view is credible then it (...)
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  35. Marc Lange (2000). Is Jeffrey Conditionalization Defective by Virtue of Being Non-Commutative? Remarks on the Sameness of Sensory Experiences. Synthese 123 (3):393 - 403.score: 9.0
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  36. David Wiggins (2000). Sameness, Substance and the Human Animal. The Philosophers' Magazine 12 (12):50-53.score: 9.0
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  37. David Bakhurst (2004). Sameness and Substance Renewed by David Wiggins, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, Pp. XVI + 257. Philosophy 79 (1):133-141.score: 9.0
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  38. Nicholas P. White (1971). Aristotle on Sameness and Oneness. Philosophical Review 80 (2):177-197.score: 9.0
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  39. Frank A. Lewis (1982). Accidental Sameness in Aristotle. Philosophical Studies 42 (1):1 - 36.score: 9.0
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  40. Simo Knuuttila (2010). Generality and Identity in Late Medieval Discussions of the Prior Analytics. Vivarium 48 (1-2):215-227.score: 9.0
    In this article, I shall consider medieval discussions of the principles of Aristotelian syllogistic which were called the dictum de omni et nullo and the expository syllogism. I am particularly interested in how theological questions contributed to the introduction of some influential new medieval ideas, such as the extensional sameness of the subject as the basis of predication, the interpretation of the expository syllogism from this point of view, and the explication of the logical subject of universal and particular (...)
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  41. G. C. Nerlich (1958). Sameness, Difference, and Continuity. Analysis 18 (June):144-149.score: 9.0
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  42. V. C. Chappell (1960). Sameness and Change. Philosophical Review 69 (3):351-362.score: 9.0
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  43. A. Sidelle (2000). Occasions of Identity: The Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. Philosophical Review 109 (3):469-471.score: 9.0
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  44. Hector-Neri Castañeda (1989). The Reflexivity of Self-Consciousness: Sameness/Identity, Data for Artificial Intelligence. Philosophical Topics 17 (1):27-58.score: 9.0
  45. Douglas Browning (1988). Sameness Through Change and the Coincidence of Properties. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (1):103-121.score: 9.0
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  46. Anil Gupta (1985). Sameness and Substance. International Studies in Philosophy 17 (1):109-111.score: 9.0
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  47. David Wiggins (2005). Review: Précis of "Sameness and Substance Renewed". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):442 - 448.score: 9.0
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  48. Norman O. Dahl (2007). Substance, Sameness, and Essence in Metaphysics VII. Ancient Philosophy 27 (1):107-126.score: 9.0
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