Search results for 'Sameness' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kristin Zeiler (2007). Who Am I? When Do “I” Become Another? An Analytic Exploration of Identities, Sameness and Difference, Genes and Genomes. Health Care Analysis 15 (1):25-32.
    What is the impact of genetics and genomics on issues of identity and what do we mean when we speak of identity? This paper explores how certain concepts of identity used in philosophy can be brought together in a multi-layered concept of identity. It discusses the concepts of numerical, qualitative, personal and genetic identity-over-time as well as rival concepts of genomic identity-over-time. These are all understood as layers in the multi-layered concept of identity. Furthermore, the paper makes it clear that (...)
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  2. Susanna Schellenberg (2012). Sameness of Fregean Sense. Synthese 189 (1):163-175.
    This paper develops a criterion for sameness of Fregean senses. I consider three criteria: logical equivalence, intensional isomorphism, and epistemic equipollence. I reject the first two and argue for a version of the third.
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  3. Scott M. Williams (2012). Henry of Ghent on Real Relations and the Trinity: The Case for Numerical Sameness Without Identity. Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 79 (1):109-148.
    I argue that there is a hitherto unrecognized connection between Henry of Ghent’s general theory of real relations and his Trinitarian theology, namely the notion of numerical sameness without identity. A real relation (relatio) is numerically the same thing (res) as its absolute (non-relative) foundation, without being identical to its foundation. This not only holds for creaturely real relations but also for the divine persons’ distinguishing real relations. A divine person who is constituted by a real (...)
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  4.  49
    Delia Graff Fara (2008). Relative-Sameness Counterpart Theory. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (2):167-189.
    Here I propose a coherent way of preserving the identity of material objects with the matter that constitutes them. The presentation is formal, and intended for RSL. An informal presentation is in preliminary draft! -/- Relative-sameness relations—such as being the same person as—are like David Lewis's "counterpart" relations in the following respects: (i) they may hold between objects that aren't identical (I propose), and (ii) there are a multiplicity of them, different ones of which may be variously invoked in (...)
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  5.  50
    Stan Klein (2014). Sameness and the Self: Philosophical and Psychological Considerations. Frontiers in Psychology -- Perception 5:1-15.
    In this paper I examine the concept of cross-temporal personal identity (diachronicity). This particular form of identity has vexed theorists for centuries -- e.g.,how can a person maintain a belief in the sameness of self overtime in the face of continual psychological and physical change? I first discuss various forms of the sameness relation and the criteria that justify their application. I then examine philosophical and psychological treatments of personal diachronicity (for example,Locke's psychological connectedness theory; the role of (...)
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  6.  4
    Michail Peramatzis (2015). Sameness, Definition, and Essence. Studia Philosophica Estonica 7 (2):142.
    I formulate an apparent inconsistency between some claims Aristotle makes in his Metaphysics about the sameness and non-sameness relations which obtain between an object and its essence: while a object is not the same as its essence, an essence is thought as being the same as its essence. I discuss different ways in which one may propose to overcome this apparent inconsistency and show that they are problematic. My diagnosis of the problem is that all these putative solutions (...)
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  7. J. Seibt (2002). Fission, Sameness, and Survival: Parfit's Branch Line Argument Revisited. Metaphysica 1 (2):95-134.
    Parfit’s Branch Line argument is intended to show that the relation of survival is possibly a one-many relation and thus different from numerical identity. I offer a detailed reconstruction of Parfit’s notions of survival and personal identity, and show the argument cannot be coherently formulated within Parfit’s own setting. More specifically, I argue that Parfit’s own specifications imply that the “R-relation”, i.e., the relation claimed to capture of “what matters in survival,” turns out to hold not only along but also (...)
     
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  8.  45
    David Wiggins (2001). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance (1980), David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then (...)
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  9. Katalin Farkas (2006). Indiscriminability and the Sameness of Appearance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (2):39-59.
    Abstract: How exactly should the relation between a veridical perception and a corresponding hallucination be understood? I argue that the epistemic notion of ‘indiscriminability’, understood as lacking evidence for the distinctness of things, is not suitable for defining this relation. Instead, we should say that a hallucination and a veridical perception involve the same phenomenal properties. This has further consequences for attempts to give necessary and sufficient conditions for the identity of phenomenal properties in terms of indiscriminability, and for considerations (...)
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  10.  1
    Robert W. Sekuler & Michael Abrams (1968). Visual Sameness: A Choice Time Analysis of Pattern Recognition Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):232.
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  11. André Gallois (1998). Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. Oxford University Press.
    Occasions of Identity is an exploration of timeless philosophical issues about persistence, change, time, and sameness. Andre Gallois offers a critical survey of various rival views about the nature of identity and change, and puts forward his own original theory. He supports the idea of occasional identities, arguing that it is coherent and helpful to suppose that things can be identical at one time but distinct at another. Gallois defends this view, demonstrating how it can solve puzzles about persistence (...)
     
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  12.  92
    Michael C. Rea (1998). Sameness Without Identity: An Aristotelian Solution to the Problem of Material Constitution. Ratio 11 (3):316–328.
    In this paper, I present an Aristotelian solution to the problem of material constitution. The problem of material constitution arises whenever it appears that an object a and an object b share all of the same parts and yet are essentially related to their parts in different ways. (A familiar example: A lump of bronze constitutes a statue of Athena. The lump and the statue share all of the same parts, but it appears that the lump can, whereas the statue (...)
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  13.  87
    Prasita Mukherjee (2012). Revolutionizing Agency: Sameness and Difference in the Representation of Women by Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain and Mahasweta Devi. ARGUMENT 2 (1):117-127.
    In this paper the sameness and difference between two distinguished Indian authors, Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1880–1932) and Mahasweta Devi (b. 1926), representing two generations almost a century apart, will be under analysis in order to trace the generational transformation in women’s writing in India, especially Bengal. Situated in the colonial and postcolonial frames of history, Hossain and Mahasweta Devi may be contextualized differently. At the same time their subjects are also differently categorized; the former is not particularly concerned with (...)
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  14.  15
    Ariel Cohen, Michael Kaminski & Johann A. Makowsky (2008). Notions of Sameness by Default and Their Application to Anaphora, Vagueness, and Uncertain Reasoning. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (3):285-306.
    We motivate and formalize the idea of sameness by default: two objects are considered the same if they cannot be proved to be different. This idea turns out to be useful for a number of widely different applications, including natural language processing, reasoning with incomplete information, and even philosophical paradoxes. We consider two formalizations of this notion, both of which are based on Reiter’s Default Logic. The first formalization is a new relation of indistinguishability that is introduced by default. (...)
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  15. Achille C. Varzi (2001). Review of André Gallois, Occasions of Identity: The Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (2):291–295.
    Book Information: Occasions of Identity: The Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. By André Gallois. Clarendon Press. Oxford. 1998. Pp. xiii + 296. Hardback, £35.00.
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  16.  54
    Lloyd Gerson (2004). Plato on Identity, Sameness, and Difference. Review of Metaphysics 58 (2):305 - 332.
    Among the concepts central to Plato's metaphysical vision are those of identity, sameness, and difference. For example, it is on the basis of a claim about putative cases of sameness among different things that Plato postulates the existence of separate Forms. It is owing to the apparent sameness between instances of Forms and the Forms themselves that Plato is compelled somehow to take account of potentially destructive vicious infinite regress arguments. Further, in reflecting on the Forms and (...)
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  17.  4
    Greg A. Damico (2014). 2014 Rockefeller Prize Winner: Sameness in Being Is Sameness in Species: Or: Was an Aristotelian Philosophy of Identity Ever Credible? Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (3):335-347.
    The sun is in fact the same thing as the brightest object in the sky, but it would seem that the sun and the brightest object might have been different. Socrates may now be the same thing as the seated thing (because Socrates is now seated), but it would seem that Socrates and the seated thing will later be different (once Socrates rises). Now Aristotle’s usual way of describing such situations is to say that such pairs of entities are accidentally (...)
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  18.  14
    Brian Weatherson, Sameness and Substance Renewed.
    Sameness and Substance Renewed (hereafter, 2001) is, in effect, a second edition of Wiggins’s 1980 book Sameness and Substance (hereafter, 1980), which in turn expanded and corrected some ideas in his 1967 Identity and Spatio-Temporal Continuity (hereafter, 1967). All three books have similar aims. The first is to argue, primarily against Geach, that identity is absolute not relative. The second is to argue that, despite this, whenever an identity claim a = b is true, there is a sortal (...)
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  19.  14
    Marco Santambrogio (2006). On the Sameness of Thoughts. Substitutional Quantifiers, Tense, and Belief. Grazer Philosophische Studien 72 (1):111-140.
    In order to know what a belief is, we need to know when it is appropriate to say that two subjects (or the same subject at two different times) believe(s) the same or entertain the same thought. This is not entirely straightforward. Consider for instance1. Tom thinks that he himself is the smartest and Tim believes the same2. In 2001, Bill believed that some action had to be taken to save the rain forest and today he believes the same.What does (...)
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  20.  8
    John Marenbon (2007). Abelard's Changing Thoughts on Sameness and Difference in Logic and Theology. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):229-250.
    The discussion of sameness and difference in the three versions of the Theologia has been analyzed by a number of recent writers (for example, Ian Wilks, JeffBrower, and Peter King). Despite some disagreements, they concur that Abelard’s views are best expressed in the Theologia christiana and that he is putting forward a theory that—perhaps adapted—can help philosophers now in considering the material constitution of objects. By contrast, I argue that his views, which should be seen as developing and reaching (...)
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  21.  6
    John Marenbon (2007). Abelard's Changing Thoughts on Sameness and Difference in Logic and Theology. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (2):229-250.
    The discussion of sameness and difference in the three versions of the Theologia has been analyzed by a number of recent writers (for example, Ian Wilks, JeffBrower, and Peter King). Despite some disagreements, they concur that Abelard’s views are best expressed in the Theologia christiana and that he is putting forward a theory that—perhaps adapted—can help philosophers now in considering the material constitution of objects. By contrast, I argue that his views, which should be seen as developing and reaching (...)
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  22.  1
    Dragan Milovanovic (2001). Postmodernism Meets the Balkan Crises: Affirming, Celebrating, and Prioritizing Difference and Sameness In Mediation Efforts. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 14 (4):409-428.
    This paper will focus on apostmodern perspective on mediation in theBalkan crises. It will take three perspectivesfrom postmodern analysis – semiotics, chaosand catastrophe theory – and indicate how theycan contribute to peacemaking initiatives.Topology theory will orient and integrate thethree threads. Little in mediation literaturehas offered any theoretical analysis of thedynamics involved. More often it is of adescriptive nature. We will focus onconstructing better institutions for conflictresolution and for alternative semioticproduction. This article is a more theoreticalexamination on how differences and (...) canfind a space within which those in escalatingstates of difference come to an understanding,a space within which an alternative discourse,a peace discourse may begin to take form. (shrink)
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  23. David Wiggins (2005). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance, David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then a (...)
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  24. David Wiggins (2012). Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, which thoroughly revises and greatly expands his classic work Sameness and Substance, David Wiggins retrieves and refurbishes in the light of twentieth-century logic and logical theory certain conceptions of identity, of substance and of persistence through change that philosophy inherits from its past. In this new version, he vindicates the absoluteness, necessity, determinateness and all or nothing character of identity against rival conceptions. He defends a form of essentialism that he calls individuative essentialism, and then a (...)
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  25.  6
    David Wiggins (1980). Sameness and Substance. Harvard University Press.
  26.  69
    Grant Ramsey & Anne Siebels Peterson (2012). Sameness in Biology. Philosophy of Science 79 (2):255-275.
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  27.  4
    Paul Needham (forthcoming). Determining Sameness of Substance. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv050.
    The idea that the extension of a chemical substance is fixed by determining what stands in the relation of being the same substance to a paradigm sample plays a substantial role in chemistry, and procedures of identification that don’t make direct use of the method can be traced back to ones that do. But paradigm samples are not typically selected by ostension, as in Putnam’s version of this procedure. The relevance of ostension is questioned after a discussion of the establishment (...)
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  28.  9
    David Haig (2015). Sameness, Novelty, and Nominal Kinds. Biology and Philosophy 30 (6):857-872.
    Organisms and their genomes are mosaics of features of different evolutionary age. Older features are maintained by ‘negative’ selection and comprise part of the selective environment that has shaped the evolution of newer features by ‘positive’ selection. Body plans and body parts are among the most conservative elements of the environment in which genetic differences are selected. By this process, well-trodden paths of development constrain and direct paths of evolutionary change. Structuralism and adaptationism are both vindicated. Form plays a selective (...)
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  29.  50
    Delia Graff Fara (2008). Relative-Sameness Counterpart Theory. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (2):167-189.
    Just as set theory can be divorced from Ernst Zermelo's original axiomatization of it, counterpart theory can be divorced from the eight postulates that were originally stipulated by David Lewis to constitute it. These were postulates governing some of the properties and relations holding among possible worlds and their inhabitants. In particular, counterpart theory can be divorced from Lewis's postulate P2 , the stipulation that individuals are ‘world bound’—that none exists in more than one possible world.
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  30.  98
    Laura Schroeter (2013). Two-Dimensional Semantics and Sameness of Meaning. Philosophy Compass 8 (1):84-99.
    In recent years, two‐dimensional semantics has been used to develop a broadly descriptivist approach to meaning that seeks to accommodate externalists’ counterexamples to traditional descriptivism. The 2D possible worlds framework can be used to capture a speaker’s implicit dispositions to identify the reference of her words on the basis of empirical information about her actual environment. Proponents of 2D semantics argue that this aspect of linguistic understanding plays the core theoretical role of meanings: 2D semantics allows us to specify a (...)
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  31.  51
    Gary Ebbs (2000). The Very Idea of Sameness of Extension Across Time. American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3):245 - 268.
  32. Marc Lange (2000). Is Jeffrey Conditionalization Defective by Virtue of Being Non-Commutative? Remarks on the Sameness of Sensory Experiences. Synthese 123 (3):393 - 403.
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  33.  8
    Naomi Zack (ed.) (1997). Race/Sex: Their Sameness, Difference and Interplay. Routledge.
    Race/Sex is the first forum for combined discussion of racial theory and gender theory. In sixteen articles, avant-garde scholars of African American philosophy and liberatory criticism explore and explode the categories of race, sex and gender into new trajectories that include sexuality, black masculinity and mixed-race identity.
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  34. Abraham Akkerman (1994). Sameness of Age Cohorts in the Mathematics of Population Growth. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):679-691.
    The axiom of extensionality of set theory states that any two classes that have identical members are identical. Yet the class of persons age i at time t and the class of persons age i + 1 at t + l, both including same persons, possess different demographic attributes, and thus appear to be two different classes. The contradiction could be resolved by making a clear distinction between age groups and cohorts. Cohort is a multitude of individuals, which is constituted (...)
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  35.  37
    Hector-Neri Castañeda (1975). Identity and Sameness. Philosophia 5 (1-2):121-150.
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  36.  29
    Paul Wienpahl (1951). More About the Denial of Sameness of Meaning. Analysis 12 (1):19 - 23.
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  37.  47
    David Wiggins (2005). Précis of Sameness and Substance Renewed. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):442–448.
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  38.  10
    C. D. Rollins (1952). Sameness of Meaning: Reply to Mr. Wienpahl and Others. Analysis 13 (2):46 - 48.
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  39.  38
    Nicholas P. White (1971). Aristotle on Sameness and Oneness. Philosophical Review 80 (2):177-197.
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  40.  8
    Ann B. Butler & William M. Saidel (2000). Defining Sameness: Historical, Biological, and Generative Homology. Bioessays 22 (9):846-853.
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  41.  8
    B. P. (1981). Sameness and Substance. Review of Metaphysics 34 (3):623-625.
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  42.  82
    E. J. Lowe (2003). Review: Sameness and Substance Renewed. [REVIEW] Mind 112 (448):816-820.
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  43.  5
    Peter M. Simons (1981). Sameness and Substance. Grazer Philosophische Studien 14:176-182.
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  44.  32
    Frank A. Lewis (1982). Accidental Sameness in Aristotle. Philosophical Studies 42 (1):1 - 36.
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  45.  3
    Katalin Farkas (2006). Viii &Ast;—Indiscriminability and the Sameness of Appearance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (2):205-225.
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  46.  29
    David Wiggins (2000). Sameness, Substance and the Human Animal. The Philosophers' Magazine 12 (12):50-53.
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  47.  38
    C. D. Rollins (1950). The Philosophical Denial of Sameness of Meaning. Analysis 11 (2):38 - 45.
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  48.  66
    G. C. Nerlich (1958). Sameness, Difference, and Continuity. Analysis 18 (June):144-149.
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  49.  45
    Hector-Neri Castaneda (1989). The Reflexivity of Self-Consciousness: Sameness/Identity, Data for Artificial Intelligence. Philosophical Topics 17 (1):27-58.
  50.  55
    Mael A. Melvin (1982). Towards Unified Field Theory: Quantitative Differences and Qualitative Sameness. Synthese 50 (3):359 - 397.
    A survey is given of the concepts of interaction (force) and matter, i.e., of process and substance. The development of these concepts, first in antiquity, then in early modern times, and finally in the contemporary system of quantum field theory is described. After a summary of the basic phenomenological attributes (coupling strengths, symmetry quantities, charges), the common ground of concepts of quantum field theory for both interactions and matter entities is discussed. Then attention is focused on the gauge principle which (...)
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