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  1. Weihui Fu & Satish P. Deshpande (2013). The Impact of Caring Climate, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment on Job Performance of Employees in a China's Insurance Company. Journal of Business Ethics:1-11.
    This research uses structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the direct and indirect relationships among caring climate, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job performance of 476 employees working in a Chinese insurance company. The SEM result showed that caring climate had a significant direct impact on job satisfaction, organizational command, and job performance. Caring climate also had a significant indirect impact on organizational commitment through the mediating role of job satisfaction, and on job performance through the mediating role of job (...)
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  2. Weihui Fu & Satish P. Deshpande (2012). Antecedents of Organizational Commitment in a Chinese Construction Company. Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):301-307.
    This study examines the impact of various ethical climate types and job satisfaction on organizational commitment of 144 employees working at a Chinese private construction company. Both caring and independence climate types had a significant positive impact on organizational commitment. Instrumental climate had a significant negative impact on organizational commitment. Other climate types (professional, rules, and efficiency) had no significant impact on organizational commitment. Overall job satisfaction had a significant positive impact on organizational commitment. Overclaiming was significantly correlated with organizational (...)
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  3. Weihui Fu & Satish P. Deshpande (2012). Factors Impacting Ethical Behavior in a Chinese State-Owned Steel Company. Journal of Business Ethics 105 (2):231-237.
    This study examines factors impacting ethical behavior of 208 employees of a Chinese state-owned steel company. Only rules climate had a significant impact on ethical behavior of respondents. Other ethical climate types such as professional, caring, instrumental, independence, and efficiency did not impact ethical behavior of respondents. Ethical behavior of peers, ethical behavior of successful managers, and overclaiming had a significant impact on ethical behavior of subjects.
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  4. Satish P. Deshpande, Jacob Joseph & Xiaonan Shu (2011). Ethical Climate and Managerial Success in China. Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):527 - 534.
    This study examines perceptions of ethical climate and ethical practices of 118 successful Chinese managers among business students and managen in the Zhejiang province of China. The impact of different ethical climate types on perceived ethical practices of successful managers was also investigated. The "rules'* was the most reported, and '' independence'' was the least reported, among the various climate types. A majority of the respondents perceive successful managers as ethical. In addition, those who believed that their organization had a (...)
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  5. Weihui Fu, Satish P. Deshpande & Xiao Zhao (2011). The Impact of Ethical Behavior and Facets of Job Satisfaction on Organizational Commitment of Chinese Employees. Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):537-543.
    This study examines factors impacting organizational commitment of 214 employees working at a Chinese state-owned steel company. Ethical behavior of peers and ethical behavior of successful managers had a significant impact on organizational commitment. The four facets of job satisfaction (pay, coworker, supervision, and work itself) had a significant impact on organizational commitment. Respondent’s age also significantly impacted organizational commitment. Perceptions of ethical behavior of successful managers, satisfaction with work, and gender were significantly correlated with social desirability bias.
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  6. Satish P. Deshpande (2009). A Study of Ethical Decision Making by Physicians and Nurses in Hospitals. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):387 - 397.
    This research investigates the impact of various factors on ethical behavior of 180 not-for-profit hospital employees. Ethical behavior of peers, ethical behavior of successful managers, and emotional intelligence had a significant positive impact on ethical behavior of respondents. Physicians and hospital employees with political connections within the organization were significantly less ethical than other employees. The results have many implications for researchers and healthcare practitioners.
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  7. Satish P. Deshpande & Jacob Joseph (2009). Impact of Emotional Intelligence, Ethical Climate, and Behavior of Peers on Ethical Behavior of Nurses. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3):403 - 410.
    This study examines factors impacting ethical behavior of 103 hospital nurses. The level of emotional intelligence and ethical behavior of peers had a significant impact on ethical behavior of nurses. Independence climate had a significant impact on ethical behavior of nurses. Other ethical climate types such as professional, caring, rules, instrumental, and efficiency did not impact ethical behavior of respondents. Implications of this study for researchers and practitioners are discussed.
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  8. Jacob Joseph, Kevin Berry & Satish P. Deshpande (2009). Impact of Emotional Intelligence and Other Factors on Perception of Ethical Behavior of Peers. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):539 - 546.
    This study investigates factors impacting perceptions of ethical conduct of peers of 293 students in four US universities. Self-reported ethical behavior and recognition of emotions in others (a dimension of emotional intelligence) impacted perception of ethical behavior of peers. None of the other dimensions of emotional intelligence were significant. Age, Race, Sex, GPA, or type of major (business versus nonbusiness) did not impact perception of ethical behavior of peers. Implications of the results of the study for business schools and industry (...)
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  9. Satish P. Deshpande, Jacob Joseph & Rashmi Prasad (2008). Impact of Managerial Dependencies on Ethical Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):535 - 542.
    This study explores if managerial dependencies and organizational independence impact ethical behavior of employees. Survey data was collected from 203 employees working for three hospitals in Midwestern and Northwestern United States. Managerial dependencies like specialized expertise, political connections, and performance visibility significantly impacted ethical behavior. Organizational independence and ethical behavior of peers also had a significant impact on ethical behavior. Implications of this study for researchers and practitioners are discussed.
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  10. Satish P. Deshpande, Jacob Joseph & Rashmi Prasad (2006). Factors Impacting Ethical Behavior in Hospitals. Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):207 - 216.
    This study examines factors impacting ethical behavior of 203 hospital employees in Midwestern and Northwestern United States. Ethical behavior of peers had the most significant impact on ethical behavior. Ethical behavior of successful managers, professional education in ethics and sex of the respondents also significantly impacted ethical behavior. Nurses were significantly more ethical than other employees. Race of the respondent did not impact ethical behavior. Overclaiming scales indicated that social desirability bias did not significantly impact the results of our study. (...)
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  11. Satish P. Deshpande, Elizabeth George & Jacob Joseph (2000). Ethical Climates and Managerial Success in Russian Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):211 - 217.
    This study investigated employee perceptions of ethical climates in a sample of Russian organizations and the relationship between ethical climate and behaviors believed to characterize successful managers. A survey of managerial employees in Russia (n = 136) indicates that "rules" was the most reported and "independence" was the least reported ethical climate type. Those who perceived a strong link between success and ethical behavior report high levels of a "caring" climate and low levels of an "instrumental" climate. Implications for practitioners (...)
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  12. Satish P. Deshpande, Jacob Joseph & Vasily V. Maximov (2000). Perceptions of Proper Ethical Conduct of Male and Female Russian Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 24 (2):179 - 183.
    This study examined the impact of gender on perceptions of various business practices by male and female Russian managers. Female managers considered various activities such as doing personal business on company time, falsifying time/quality/quantity reports, padding an expense account more than 10 percent, calling in sick to take a day off, and pilfering organization materials and supplies more unethical than male managers. Female managers also perceived the acceptance of gifts and favors in exchange for preferential treatment more unethical than male (...)
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  13. Chockalingam Viswesvaran, Satish P. Deshpande & Jacob Joseph (1998). Job Satisfaction as a Function of Top Management Support for Ethical Behavior: A Study of Indian Managers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):365 - 371.
    Based on organizational justice theories and cognitive dissonance theories, the authors hypothesized that: (a) perceived top management support for ethical behaviors will be positively correlated with all facets of job satisfaction (supervision, pay, promotion, work, co-workers, and overall); and (b) the correlation will be highest with the facet of supervision. Empirical results (n = 77 middle level managers from two organizations in South India) supported only the second hypothesis. Implications for managing a global workforce are discussed.
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  14. Satish P. Deshpande (1997). Managers' Perception of Proper Ethical Conduct: The Effect of Sex, Age, and Level of Education. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):79-85.
    This study examined the impact of sex, age, and level of education on the perception of various business practices by managers of a large non-profit organization. Female managers perceived the acceptance of gifts and favors in exchange for preferential treatment significantly more unethical than male managers. Older managers (40 plus) perceived five practices significantly more unethical than younger managers (giving gifts/favors in exchange for preferential treatment, divulging confidential information, concealing ones error, falsifying reports, and calling in sick to take a (...)
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  15. Satish P. Deshpande (1996). An Empirical Investigation of Factors Affecting Ethical Optimism of Nurses. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 15 (4):21-35.
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  16. Satish P. Deshpande (1996). Ethical Climate and the Link Between Success and Ethical Behavior: An Empirical Investigation of a Non-Profit Organization. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (3):315 - 320.
    This study examines the ethical climate and ethical practices of successful managers (n=206 managers) of a large non-profit organization. The influence of different dimensions of ethical climate on perceived ethical practices of successful managers were also investigated. Results show that a majority of the respondents perceive successful managers as ethical. Compared to previous research, managers in our sample were less optimistic about the relationship between success and ethical behavior. Those who believed that their organization had a caring climate perceived a (...)
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  17. Satish P. Deshpande (1996). The Impact of Ethical Climate Types on Facets of Job Satisfaction: An Empirical Investigation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):655 - 660.
    This study examines the impact of ethical climate types (professionalism, caring, rules, instrumental, efficiency, and independence) on various facets of job satisfaction (pay, promotions, co-workers, supervisors, and work itself) in a large non-profit organization. Professionalism was the most reported and efficiency was the least reported ethical climate type in the organization. Among various facets of job satisfaction, respondents were most satisfied with their work and least satisfied with their pay. None of the climate types significantly influenced satisfaction with pay. A (...)
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  18. P. P. Schoderbek & Satish P. Deshpande (1996). Impression Management, Overclaiming, and Perceived Unethical Conduct: The Role of Male and Female Managers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):409 - 414.
    This study examines the impact of impression management and overclaiming on self-reported ethical conduct of 174 managers (67 male, 107 female) who worked for a large not-for-profit organization. As anticipated, impression management and overclaiming positively influenced perceived unethical conduct of managers. Female managers were more prone to impression management than male managers. There was no significant difference in perceived unethical conduct or level of overclaiming of male and female managers.
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  19. Chockalingam Viswesvaran & Satish P. Deshpande (1996). Ethics, Success, and Job Satisfaction: A Test of Dissonance Theory in India. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (10):1065 - 1069.
    A survey of middle level managers in India (n=150) showed that when respondents perceived that successful managers in their organization behaved unethically their levels of job satisfaction were reduced. Reduction in satisfaction with the facet of supervision was the most pronounced (than with pay or promotion or co-worker or work). Results are interpreted within the framework of cognitive dissonance theory. Implications for ethics training programs (behavioral and cognitive) as well as international management are discussed.
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