Search results for 'Schema' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Daniel D. Hutto (2001). Consciousness and Conceptual Schema. In Paavo Pylkkanen & Tere Vaden (eds.), Dimensions of Conscious Experience. John Benjamins. 15-43.score: 18.0
    There are two importantly different ways in which consciousness resists incorporation into our familiar object-based conceptual schema which, when analysed, help to explain why it is regarded as such a philosophically recalcitrant phenomena. One concerns the nonconceptual nature of basic forms of conscious experience, the other concerns the fact that attempts to understand the nature of such experience in an object-based schema, as is demanded by some forms of physicalism, is inappropriate. My concern in this paper is to (...)
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  2. David Morris (1999). The Fold and the Body Schema in Merleau-Ponty and Dynamic Systems Theory. Chiasmi International 1:275-286.score: 18.0
    Contemporary thought, whether it be in psychology, biology, immunology, philosophy of perception or philosophy of mind, is confronted with the breakdown of barriers between organism and environment, self and other, subject and object, perceiver and perceived. In this paper I show how Merleau-Ponty can help us think about this problem, by attending to a methodological theme in the background of his dialectical conception of embodiment. In La structure du comportement, Merleau-Ponty conceives life as extension folding back upon itself so as (...)
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  3. Helena Preester (2013). Merleau-Ponty's Sexual Schema and the Sexual Component of Body Integrity Identity Disorder. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):171-184.score: 18.0
    Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), formerly also known as apotemnophilia, is characterized by a desire for amputation of a healthy limb and is claimed to straddle or to even blur the boundary between psychiatry and neurology. The neurological line of approach, however, is a recent one, and is accompanied or preceded by psychodynamical, behavioural, philosophical, and psychiatric approaches and hypotheses. Next to its confusing history in which the disorder itself has no fixed identity and could not be classified under a (...)
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  4. Deborah C. Smith (2007). Superassertibility and the Equivalence Schema: A Dilemma for Wright's Antirealist. Synthese 157 (1):129 - 139.score: 18.0
    Crispin Wright champions the notion of superassertibility as providing a truth predicate that is congenial to antirealists in many debates in that it satisfies relevant platitudes concerning truth and does so in a very minimal way. He motivates such a claim by arguing that superassertibility can satisfy the equivalence schema: it is superassertible that P if and only if P. I argue that Wright’s attempted proof that superassertibility can satisfy this schema is unsuccessful, because it requires a premise (...)
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  5. DominiqueGuy Brassart (1996). Does a Prototypical Argumentative Schema Exist? Text Recall in 8 to 13 Years Olds. Argumentation 10 (2):163-174.score: 18.0
    120 students in grades 3 to 7 (aged 8 to 13) heard an argumentative text and were immediately submitted to a free recall task. The results show that before grade 7, the subjects did not view the text as argumentative. The discussion centers on the relevancy of a prototypical argumentative schema in accounting for these findings.
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  6. S. G. Simpson, E. Morrow, M. Vreeswijk & C. Reid (2009). Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders: A Pilot Study. Frontiers in Psychology 1:182-182.score: 18.0
    This paper describes the use of Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders (ST-E-g) in a case-series of eight participants with chronic eating disorders and high levels of co-morbidity. Treatment was comprised of 20 sessions which included cognitive, experiential and interpersonal strategies, with an emphasis on behavioural change. Specific schema-based strategies focused on bodily felt-sense and body-image, as well as emotional regulation skills. Six attended until end of treatment, two dropped-out at mid-treatment. Eating disorder severity, global schema severity, (...)
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  7. David Morris (2000). The Logic of the Body in Bergson's Motor Schemes and Merleau-Ponty's Body Schema. Philosophy Today 44 (Supplement):60-69.score: 15.0
  8. Robert S. Lubarsky, Fred Richman & Peter Schuster (2012). The Kripke Schema in Metric Topology. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 58 (6):498-501.score: 15.0
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  9. Douwe Tiemersma (1989). Body Schema and Body Image: An Interdisciplinary and Philosophical Study. Amsterdam ;Swets & Zeitlinger.score: 15.0
     
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  10. Shaun Gallagher & Jonathan Cole (1995). Body Image and Body Schema in a Deafferented Subject. Journal of Mind and Behavior 16:369-390.score: 12.0
    In a majority of situations the normal adult maintains posture or moves without consciously monitoring motor activity. Posture and movement are usually close to automatic; they tend to take care of themselves, outside of attentive regard. One's body, in such cases, effaces itself as one is geared into a particular intentional goal. This effacement is possible because of the normal functioning of a body schema. Body schema can be defined as a system of preconscious, subpersonal processes that play (...)
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  11. John Corcoran (2006). Schemata: The Concept of Schema in the History of Logic. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (2):219-240.score: 12.0
    The syllogistic figures and moods can be taken to be argument schemata as can the rules of the Stoic propositional logic. Sentence schemata have been used in axiomatizations of logic only since the landmark 1927 von Neumann paper [31]. Modern philosophers know the role of schemata in explications of the semantic conception of truth through Tarski’s 1933 Convention T [42]. Mathematical logicians recognize the role of schemata in first-order number theory where Peano’s second-order Induction Axiom is approximated by Herbrand’s Induction-Axiom (...)
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  12. Emil Badici (2008). The Liar Paradox and the Inclosure Schema. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):583 – 596.score: 12.0
    In Beyond the Limits of Thought [2002], Graham Priest argues that logical and semantic paradoxes have the same underlying structure (which he calls the Inclosure Schema ). He also argues that, in conjunction with the Principle of Uniform Solution (same kind of paradox, same kind of solution), this is sufficient to 'sink virtually all orthodox solutions to the paradoxes', because the orthodox solutions to the paradoxes are not uniform. I argue that Priest fails to provide a non-question-begging method to (...)
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  13. Glenn Carruthers (2009). Is the Body Schema Sufficient for the Sense of Embodiment? An Alternative to de Vignmont's Model. Philosophical Psychology 22 (2):123-142.score: 12.0
    De Vignemont argues that the sense of ownership comes from the localization of bodily sensation on a map of the body that is part of the body schema. This model should be taken as a model of the sense of embodiment. I argue that the body schema lacks the theoretical resources needed to explain this phenomenology. Furthermore, there is some reason to think that a deficient sense of embodiment is not associated with a deficient body schema. The (...)
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  14. Alessia Tessari & Anna M. Borghi (2007). Body Image and Body Schema: The Shared Representation of Body Image and the Role of Dynamic Body Schema in Perspective and Imitation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):221-222.score: 12.0
    Our commentary addresses two issues that are not developed enough in the target article. First, the model does not clearly address the distinction among external objects, external body parts, and internal bodies. Second, the authors could have discussed further the role of body schema with regard to its dynamic character, and its role in perspective and in imitation.
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  15. R. T. Cook (2012). The T-Schema is Not a Logical Truth. Analysis 72 (2):231-239.score: 12.0
    It is shown that the logical truth of instances of the T-schema is incompatible with the formal nature of logical truth. In particular, since the formality of logical truth entails that the set of logical truths is closed under substitution, the logical truth of T-schema instances entails that all sentences are logical truths.
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  16. Christopher Gauker (2001). T-Schema Deflationism Versus Gödel’s First Incompleteness Theorem. Analysis 61 (270):129–136.score: 12.0
    I define T-schema deflationism as the thesis that a theory of truth for our language can simply take the form of certain instances of Tarski's schema (T). I show that any effective enumeration of these instances will yield as a dividend an effective enumeration of all truths of our language. But that contradicts Gödel's First Incompleteness Theorem. So the instances of (T) constituting the T-Schema deflationist's theory of truth are not effectively enumerable, which casts doubt on the (...)
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  17. Hartry Field (2002). Saving the Truth Schema From Paradox. Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (1):1-27.score: 12.0
    The paper shows how we can add a truth predicate to arithmetic (or formalized syntactic theory), and keep the usual truth schema Tr( ) ↔ A (understood as the conjunction of Tr( ) → A and A → Tr( )). We also keep the full intersubstitutivity of Tr(>A>)) with A in all contexts, even inside of an →. Keeping these things requires a weakening of classical logic; I suggest a logic based on the strong Kleene truth tables, but with (...)
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  18. Nigel Thomas, A Note on "Schema" and "Image Schema".score: 12.0
    The term schema (plural: schemata, or sometimes schemas) is widely used in cognitive psychology and the cognitive sciences generally to designate "psychological constructs that are postulated to account for the molar forms of human generic knowledge" (Brewer, 1999). The vagueness of this definition is no accident (and no sort of failing on Brewer's part). In fact schema is used in such very different ways by different cognitive theorists that the term has become quite notorious for its ambiguity (Miller, (...)
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  19. Thomas Nickles (2000). Kuhnian Puzzle Solving and Schema Theory. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):255.score: 12.0
    Looking at Thomas Kuhn's work from a cognitive science perspective helps to articulate and to legitimize, to some degree, his rejection of traditional views of concepts, categorization, theory structure, and rule-based problem solving. Whereas my colleagues focus on the later Kuhn of the MIT years, I study the early Kuhn as an anticipation of case-based reasoning and schema theory. These recent developments in cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence may point toward a more computational version of Kuhn's ideas, but they (...)
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  20. Helena De Preester & Veroniek Knockaert (eds.) (2005). Body Image and Body Schema. John Benjamins Publishing Company.score: 12.0
    The concepts of body image and body schema have a firm tradition in each of these disciplines and make up the conceptual anchors of this volume.
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  21. Edward N. Zalta (2013). The Tarski T-Schema is a Tautology (Literally). Analysis (1):ant099.score: 12.0
    The Tarski T-Schema has a propositional version. If we use ϕ as a metavariable for formulas and use terms of the form that-ϕ to denote propositions, then the propositional version of the T-Schema is: that-ϕ is true if and only if ϕ. For example, that Cameron is Prime Minister is true if and only if Cameron is Prime Minister. If that-ϕ is represented formally as [λ ϕ], then the T-Schema can be represented as the 0-place case of (...)
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  22. Alexander Grunewald (2000). Schema Theory: Very Promising. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):542-543.score: 12.0
    A direct equivalence between neural function and neural structure does not provide a fruitful approach to understanding brain functioning. Arbib et al. describe a new and powerful approach to circumvent this problem, which they call schema theory. However, in examples they fall prey to the tradition of finding such equivalences, not doing schema theory justice.
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  23. Pietro G. Morasso (2000). Is Schema Theory an Appropriate Framework for Modeling the Organization of the Brain? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):547-548.score: 12.0
    This review evaluates pros and cons of the schema theory as a general framework for expressing what Arbib et al. call “systems neuroscience.” We discuss the software/hardware duality of the schema concept and the relative neglect of the mechanical properties of muscles. We propose a computational alternative to the functional decomposition in terms of schemas.
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  24. A. Baltas & K. Gavroglu (1980). A Modification of Popper's Tetradic Schema and the Special Relativity Theory. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 11 (2):213-237.score: 12.0
    Summary The present paper constitutes an elaboration of a previous work by one of us which, among other things, proposed some modifications of Popper's tetradic schema. Here, in the first part, we consider critically and develop further these modifications and elaborate on methods which prove more satisfactory for the mapping of the problem solving processes in Physics. We also find the opportunity to make some comments on Physics and on its relation to Mathematics. In the second part, there is (...)
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  25. Gregory Landini (2009). Russell's Schema, Not Priest's Inclosure. History and Philosophy of Logic 30 (2):105-139.score: 12.0
    On investigating a theorem that Russell used in discussing paradoxes of classes, Graham Priest distills a schema and then extends it to form an Inclosure Schema, which he argues is the common structure underlying both class-theoretical paradoxes (such as that of Russell, Cantor, Burali-Forti) and the paradoxes of ?definability? (offered by Richard, König-Dixon and Berry). This article shows that Russell's theorem is not Priest's schema and questions the application of Priest's Inclosure Schema to the paradoxes of (...)
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  26. Jui-Pi Chien (2004). Schema as Both the Key to and the Puzzle of Life. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):187-207.score: 12.0
    Jakob von Uexküll’s problematic is manifested in his paradoxical portraiture of form within the plan of nature: the one a sensual schema and the other a transsensual ideal form. At first sight, Uexküll’s belief in the Platonic and the Reformational notions of the immobile becoming of form seems to be a resignation from the heated debates among his contemporary materialists, vitalists, dynamists, and evolutionists. However, in terms of the Kantian subjective teleology, Uexküll’s appropriation of the ancient philosophy reinstates the (...)
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  27. Janusz Czelakowski & Wiesław Dziobiak (1991). A Deduction Theorem Schema for Deductive Systems of Propositional Logics. Studia Logica 50 (3-4):385 - 390.score: 12.0
    We propose a new schema for the deduction theorem and prove that the deductive system S of a prepositional logic L fulfills the proposed schema if and only if there exists a finite set A(p, q) of propositional formulae involving only prepositional letters p and q such that A(p, p) L and p, A(p, q) s q.
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  28. Neil Tennant (forthcoming). The Logical Structure of Evolutionary Explanation and Prediction: Darwinism's Fundamental Schema. Biology and Philosophy:1-45.score: 12.0
    We present a logically detailed case-study of Darwinian evolutionary explanation. Special features of Darwin’s explanatory schema made it an unusual theoretical breakthrough, from the point of view of the philosophy of science. The schema employs no theoretical terms, and puts forward no theoretical hypotheses. Instead, it uses three observational generalizations—Variability, Heritability and Differential Reproduction—along with an innocuous assumption of Causal Efficacy, to derive Adaptive Evolution as a necessary consequence. Adaptive Evolution in turn, with one assumption of scale (‘Deep (...)
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  29. Virginia Slaughter (2004). Emulator as Body Schema. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):415-416.score: 12.0
    Grush's emulator model appears to be consistent with the idea of a body schema, that is, a detailed mental representation of the body, its structure, and movement in relation to the environment. If the emulator is equivalent to a body schema, then the next step will be to specify how the emulator accounts for neuropsychological and developmental phenomena that have long been hypothesized to involve the body schema.
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  30. Nicholas Paul Holmes & Charles Spence (2007). Dissociating Body Image and Body Schema with Rubber Hands. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):211-212.score: 12.0
    Dijkerman & de Haan (D&dH) argue that body image and body schema form parts of different and dissociable somatosensory streams. We agree in general, but believe that more emphasis should be placed on interactions between these two streams. We illustrate this point with evidence from the rubber-hand illusion (RHI) – an illusion of body image, which depends critically upon body schema.
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  31. Marie-Pascale Noël, Jacques Grégoire, Gaëlle Meert & Xavier Seron (2008). The Innate Schema of Natural Numbers Does Not Explain Historical, Cultural, and Developmental Differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):664-665.score: 12.0
    Rips et al.'s proposition cannot account for the facts that (1) a historical look at the word number systems suggests that the concept of natural numbers has been progressively elaborated; (2) people from cultures without an elaborate counting system do not master the concept of natural numbers; (3) children take time to master natural numbers; and (4) the competing advantage of the postulated math schema in the natural selection process is not obvious.
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  32. Raanan Lipshitz, Daphna Leshem Levy & Keren Orchen (2006). Is This Problem Likely to Be Solved? A Cognitive Schema of Effective Problem Solving. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (4):413 – 430.score: 12.0
    The present study tested the existence of a cognitive schema that guides people's evaluations of the likelihood that observed problem-solving processes will succeed. The hypothesised schema consisted of attributes that were found to distinguish between retrospective case reports of successful and unsuccessful real world problem solving (Lipshitz & Bar Ilan, 1996). Participants were asked to evaluate the likelihood of success of identical cases of problem solving that differed in the presence or absence of diagnosis, the selection of appropriate (...)
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  33. Arnon Avron, LFIs with Marco's Schema.score: 12.0
    We construct a modular semantic frameworks for LFIs (logics of formal (in)consistency) which extends the framework developed in [1; 3], but includes Marco’s schema too (and so practically all the axioms considered in [11] plus a few more). In addition, the paper provides another demonstration of the power of the idea of nondeterministic semantics, especially when it is combined with the idea of using truth-values to encode relevant data concerning propositions.
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  34. Johannes Heidema (1990). An Axiom Schema of Comprehension of Zermelo–Fraenkel–Skolem Set Theory. History and Philosophy of Logic 11 (1):59-65.score: 12.0
    Unrestricted use of the axiom schema of comprehension, ?to every mathematically (or set-theoretically) describable property there corresponds the set of all mathematical (or set-theoretical) objects having that property?, leads to contradiction. In set theories of the Zermelo?Fraenkel?Skolem (ZFS) style suitable instances of the comprehension schema are chosen ad hoc as axioms, e.g.axioms which guarantee the existence of unions, intersections, pairs, subsets, empty set, power sets and replacement sets. It is demonstrated that a uniform syntactic description may be given (...)
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  35. Arnaud Dewalque (2013). Schema of the Brentano School Intellectual Progeny. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):445-445.score: 12.0
    This schema gives an overview of the main branches and key members of the school of the German philosopher Franz Brentano (1838–1917).
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  36. Ulrike Hahn (1999). The Dual-Route Account of German: Where It is Not a Schema Theory, It is Probably Wrong. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):1024-1025.score: 12.0
    Clahsen's experimental data from generalization, frequency, and priming fail to support and even conflict with those aspects of his dual-route account that distinguish it from schema theories.
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  37. Andrew Alexander Davis (2012). Schema and Bild. Idealistic Studies 42 (1):57-68.score: 12.0
    Immanuel Kant’s “Schema” and J. G. Fichte’s “Bild” are parallel figures of activity that serve as bridges. For both Kant and Fichte, it is not the image/schema taken as product that is primary, but the act of imaging. I show how Fichte leans on the Kantian argumentation of the schematism in order to attempt bridging the gulf critical philosophy leaves between theoretical and practical philosophy. My broader purpose is to indicate how two German Idealists emphasize activity as a (...)
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  38. Jonathan P. Maxwell, Richard S. W. Masters & John van der Kamp (2007). Taking a Conscious Look at the Body Schema. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):216-217.score: 12.0
    Dijkerman & de Haan (D&dH) propose a somatosensory perceptual pathway that informs a consciously accessible body image, and an action pathway that provides information to a body schema, which is not consciously accessible. We argue that the body schema may become accessible to consciousness in some circumstances, possibly resulting from cross talk, but that this may be detrimental to skilled movement production.
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  39. Ewald Lang (1990). Primary Perceptual Space and Inherent Proportion Schema: Two Interacting Categorization Grids Underlying the Conceptualization of Spatial Objects. Journal of Semantics 7 (2):121-141.score: 12.0
    Within the realms of cognitive studies, spatial structure is one of the few domains where attempts to trace mental representations from the level of sensory input conditions through conceptual structure to their lexical and grammatical organization seem to be feasible and revealing. Presenting a linguist's approach to the meaning and use of spatial dimensional terms, the paper aims to demonstrate why and how the semantic analysis of these linguistic items has to be justified in terms of nonlinguistic conceptual structure formation, (...)
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  40. David E. Ward, A Basic Schema for Understanding Aesthetic Transactions.score: 12.0
    My intention in this paper is to present a schema for understanding �sthetic transactions. (By '�sthetic transactions' I mean to refer to the artist's creation of a work of art and the audience's appreciation of it). For Kant a schema was a rule or principle that enables the under- standing to apply its categories. I am using this term in a narrower sense but in the same spirit : The schema to be considered is to serve as (...)
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  41. Lilian Bermejo-Luque (2012). A Unitary Schema for Arguments by Analogy. Informal Logic 32 (1):1-24.score: 12.0
    Following a Toulmian account of argument analysis and evaluation, I offer a general unitary schema for, so called, deductive and inductive types of analogical arguments. This schema is able to explain why certain analogical arguments can be said to be deductive, and yet, also defeasible.
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  42. Vincent Bontems (2007). L'analogie dans l'épistémologie historique de Ferdinand Gonseth: Les concepts post-phénoménologiques de schéma, horizon de réalité et référentiel. Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (3).score: 12.0
    Ferdinand Gonseth n'a cessé d'approfondir sa conception de la fonction épistémologique dévolue à l'analogie dans le cadre de sa doctrine de l'"idonéisme". Cette recherche passa toujours par une appropriation critique de la phénoménologie. L'auteur examine ici comment s'établit, dès 1936, un principe d'analogicité entre des plans d'abstraction et d'approfondissement phénoménotechnique qui s'éloignent de plus en plus de l'expérience perceptive ordinaire. La concordance est alors assurée par la notion de "schéma", qu'il reprend au "phénoménologiste" Kaufmann, mais à laquelle il confère d'autres (...)
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  43. Alicia S. M. Leung, Xiangyang Liu & Shanshi Liu (2009). Moral Schemas and Business Practices: The Ethics of Guangzhou Migrant Marketers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):11 - 23.score: 12.0
    This article explores the ethics of migrant marketers in Guangzhou. Data were collected from 357 migrant marketers who lived in Guangzhou. A model of Ethical Action has been developed to test the antecedents and outcomes of the ethical decision-making process. It measured moral intention using four ethical scenarios. The results show that the egoistic schema had a positive effect on their intention to act unethically, while the legislative schema exerted a negative effect. The results confirm that moral intention (...)
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  44. Farzad Sharifian (2005). The Persian Cultural Schema of "Shekasteh-Nafsi": A Study of Compliment Responses in Persian and Anglo-Australian Speakers. Pragmatics and Cognition 13 (2):337-362.score: 12.0
    This study is as an attempt to explicate the Persian cultural schema of shekasteh-nafsi ¿modesty¿. The schema motivates the speakers to downplay their talents, skills, achievements, etc. while praising a similar trait in their interlocutors. The schema also encourages the speakers to reassign the compliment to the giver of the compliment, a family member, a friend, or another associate. This paper explicates the schema in an ethnographic fashion and also makes use of empirical data to further (...)
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  45. Salva Shirinbakhsh, Abbass Eslamirasekh & Mansoor Tavakoli (2010). Persian Cultural Schema of Ghesmat (Fate): The Role of Age and Education. Asian Culture and History 3 (1):p144.score: 12.0
    Ghesmat (roughly could be translated as ‘fate’) is one of the ancient cultural schemas among the Persians. This study explores the schema of ghesmat in the lives of Persian speakers as reflected in their language use among people with different age and educational level. Having introduced the schema of ghesmat in Persian, data was collected by giving a discourse completion test (DCT) to the participants of the study who were randomly chosen. The results of the analysis of data (...)
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  46. Danilo Saretta Verissimo (2012). Sur la notion de schéma corporel dans la philosophie de Merleau-Ponty : de la perception au problème du sensible. Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique.score: 12.0
    Dans cet article, nous nous proposons d?établir une analyse comparative entre l?approche de la notion de schéma corporel dans la Phénoménologie de la perception 1 et dans les Cours de Sorbonne , réalisés entre 1949 et 1952, et dédiés, surtout, à la psychologie de l?enfant. Dans la Phénoménologie de la perception , Merleau-Ponty critique le caractère associationiste qui a marqué l?émergence de la notion de schéma corporel dans la neuropsychiatrie au passage du xix e au xx e siècle. Pour le (...)
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  47. Thomas F. O'Meara (2008). Karl Rahner's “Remarks on the Schema, 'De Ecclesia in Mundo Hujus Temporis,' in the Draft of May 28, 1965”. Philosophy and Theology 20 (1/2):331-339.score: 12.0
    The author acquired in May of 1965 a copy of Karl Rahner’s observations on the latest draft of “Schema XIII” which would becomeGaudium et Spes. The title was “Anmerkungen zum Schema DE ECCLESIA IN MUNDO HUIUS TEMPORIS (in der Fassungvom 28.5.65).” After the third session of Vatican II serious work remained to be done on that text. Among several meetings was onelong and important occurred at Ariccia in the Alban hills outside Rome. Rahner could not attend because he (...)
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  48. Peter Schroeder-Heister (2011). Implications-as-Rules Vs. Implications-as-Links: An Alternative Implication-Left Schema for the Sequent Calculus. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (1):95 - 101.score: 12.0
    The interpretation of implications as rules motivates a different left-introduction schema for implication in the sequent calculus, which is conceptually more basic than the implication-left schema proposed by Gentzen. Corresponding to results obtained for systems with higher-level rules, it enjoys the subformula property and cut elimination in a weak form.
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  49. Jeremy Avigad, Notes on II-Conservativity, W-Submodels, and the Collection Schema.score: 12.0
    Jeremy Avigad . Notes on II-conservativity, w-submodels, and the Collection Schema.
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  50. Hans Lenk (2000). Outline of Systematic Schema Interpretation. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2000:121-132.score: 12.0
    Any sort of cognition, perception, and action is necessarily shaped by (re)activation of “schemata.” Any interpretation is schema (re)activation. Schemata are epistemologically speaking “structural” activation patterns which are psychologically and neurologically speaking accommodated, adapted, “learned” by co- and re-activating neuronal assemblies. Six levels of interpretative schema activations (schema interpretations) are outlined from invariable primary “interpretations” through conventional, classificatory, and justificatory, as well as meta-interpretations. Constitutive schema interpretations are unavoidable. Many philosophical problems will have to be reformulated (...)
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