Search results for 'Science Methodology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wenceslao J. González & Jesus Alcolea (eds.) (2006). Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy and Methodology of Science. Netbiblo.score: 156.0
    Novelty and Continuity in Philosophy and Methodology of Science Wenceslao J. Gonzalez Nowadays, philosophy and methodology of science appear as a ...
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  2. Joachim Stolz (1996). Bericht: 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science (August 19–25, 1995; Florence, Italy). [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (1):167-170.score: 150.0
    The International Union of History and Philosophy of Science organizing the 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science is at its cross-road: the alternative is mass-performance or creative exchange of ideas. The program is criticized because the thematic center in History and Philosophy of Science has been shifted too far into the realm of micro-fields of Logic and the time reduction for presentation and discussion of papers to 20 minutes should be reconsidered. Several (...)
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  3. Azari͡a Prizenti Polikarov (1983). Methodological Problems of Science: The Iteration Cycle: Science--Methodology of Science. Pub. House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.score: 150.0
     
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  4. Vadim V. Vasilyev (2013). Hume's Methodology and the Science of Human Nature. History of Philosophy Yearbook 2012:62-115.score: 144.0
    In this paper I try to explain a strange omission in Hume’s methodological descriptions in his first Enquiry. In the course of this explanation I reveal a kind of rationalistic tendency of the latter work. It seems to contrast with “experimental method” of his early Treatise of Human Nature, but, as I show that there is no discrepancy between the actual methods of both works, I make an attempt to explain the change in Hume’s characterization of his own methods. This (...)
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  5. Hugo Fjelsted Alrøe & Erik Steen Kristensen (2002). Towards a Systemic Research Methodology in Agriculture: Rethinking the Role of Values in Science. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 19 (1):3-23.score: 144.0
    The recent drastic developmentof agriculture, together with the growingsocietal interest in agricultural practices andtheir consequences, pose a challenge toagricultural science. There is a need forrethinking the general methodology ofagricultural research. This paper takes somesteps towards developing a systemic researchmethodology that can meet this challenge – ageneral self-reflexive methodology that forms abasis for doing holistic or (with a betterterm) wholeness-oriented research and providesappropriate criteria of scientific quality.From a philosophy of research perspective,science is seen as an interactive learningprocess (...)
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  6. Leon Chwistek (1948). The Limits of Science: Outline of Logic and of the Methodology of the Exact Sciences. Harcourt, Brace.score: 132.0
    AUTHOR'S PREFACE TO ENGLISH EDITION The English edition of Granice Nauki is essentially different from the original text. Chapter VII is completely changed. ...
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  7. Eva Álvarez, Roger Bosch & Lorena Villamil (eds.) (2003). Volume of Abstracts: 12th International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Oviedo, August 7-13, 2003. [REVIEW] Departamento de Filosofía, Universidad de Oviedo.score: 132.0
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  8. Patrick Suppes (1969). Studies in the Methodology and Foundations of Science. Dordrecht, D. Reidel.score: 132.0
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  9. Mieszko Tałasiewicz (ed.) (2002). Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science at Warsaw University: Studies and Contributions to the 11th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Kraków (Cracow) August 20-26, 1999. [REVIEW] Wydawn. Nauk. Semper.score: 132.0
  10. B. van Rootselaar & Frits Staal (eds.) (1968). Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science Iii. Amsterdam, North-Holland Pub. Co..score: 132.0
     
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  11. Patrick Suppes (ed.) (1973). Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. New York,American Elsevier Pub. Co..score: 120.0
    ELEMENTARY LOGIC GR. C. MOISIL Institute of Mathematics, Rumanian Academy, Bucharest, Rumania 1. We shall consider a typified logic of propositions. ...
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  12. L. Jonathan Cohen (ed.) (1982). Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science Vi: Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Hannover, 1979. Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier North-Holland.score: 120.0
  13. Ernest Nagel (ed.) (1962). Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Stanford, Calif.,Stanford University Press.score: 120.0
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  14. James Justus (2012). Carnap on Concept Determination: Methodology for Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (2):161-179.score: 114.0
    Abstract Recent criticisms of intuition from experimental philosophy and elsewhere have helped undermine the authority of traditional conceptual analysis. As the product of more empirically informed philosophical methodology, this result is compelling and philosophically salutary. But the negative critiques rarely suggest a positive alternative. In particular, a normative account of concept determination—how concepts should be characterized—is strikingly absent from such work. Carnap's underappreciated theory of explication provides such a theory. Analyses of complex concepts in empirical sciences illustrates and supports (...)
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  15. Donald Thomas Campbell (1988). Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers. University of Chicago Press.score: 112.0
    Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.
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  16. Sandra G. Harding & Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.) (2003). Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 108.0
    This collection of essays, first published two decades ago, presents central feminist critiques and analyses of natural and social sciences and their philosophies. Unfortunately, in spite of the brilliant body of research and scholarship in these fields in subsequent decades, the insights of these essays remain as timely now as they were then: philosophy and the sciences still presume kinds of social innocence to which they are not entitled. The essays focus on Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hobbes, Rousseau, and Marx; on (...)
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  17. Thomas Eberle (2010). The Phenomenological Life-World Analysis and the Methodology of the Social Sciences. Human Studies 33 (2):123-139.score: 108.0
    This Alfred Schutz Memorial Lecture discusses the relationship between the phenomenological life-world analysis and the methodology of the social sciences, which was the central motive of Schutz’s work. I have set two major goals in this lecture. The first is to scrutinize the postulate of adequacy, as this postulate is the most crucial of Schutz’s methodological postulates. Max Weber devised the postulate ‘adequacy of meaning’ in analogy to the postulate of ‘causal adequacy’ (a concept used in jurisprudence) and regarded (...)
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  18. Roger Backhouse (ed.) (1998). Explorations in Economic Methodology: From Lakatos to Empirical Philosophy of Science. Routledge.score: 108.0
    Is methodology fruitless? Intense controversy has resulted from attempts to understand economics through philosophy of science. This collection clarifies and responds to the issues raised, arguing that methodology is an essential activity.
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  19. James R. Wible (1998). The Economics of Science: Methodology and Epistemology as If Economics Really Mattered. Routledge.score: 108.0
    This book explores aspects of science from an economic point of view. The author begins with economic models of misconduct in science, moving on to discuss other important issues, including market failure and the market place of ideas.
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  20. Dag Prawitz, Brian Skyrms & Dag Westerståhl (eds.) (1994). Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science Ix: Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Uppsala, Sweden, August 7-14, 1991. [REVIEW] Elsevier.score: 108.0
    This volume is the product of the Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science and contains the text of most of ...
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  21. Desh Raj Sirswal, The Problem of Mind, Cognitive Science and Integrated Research Methodology.score: 108.0
    There are numerous aspects of the nature of man, and each aspect gives rise to many problems. Some of these problems are comparatively simple, other deep and perplexing. Throughout time, people have made distinction between the material or physical world and mental or psychical world, the former may be perceived by any observer; the later remains a private experience. Philosophy of mind, today dealing with four issues: the nature of mind and body, mental content, mental causation and consciousness. The nature (...)
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  22. Ruth Barcan Marcus, Georg Dorn & Paul Weingartner (eds.) (1986). Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Vii: Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Salzburg, 1983. Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..score: 108.0
    Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science VII.
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  23. Wenceslao González (ed.) (2010). New Methodological Perspectives on Observation and Experimentation in Science. Netbiblo.score: 108.0
    New Methodological Perspectives on Observation and Experimentation in Science deals with a classic topic that is seen from new angles.
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  24. Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (ed.) (1965). Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. Amsterdam, North-Holland Pub. Co..score: 108.0
     
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  25. Edmund Mokrzycki (1983). Philosophy of Science and Sociology: From the Methodological Doctrine to Research Practice. Routledge & Kegan Paul.score: 108.0
    Originally published in 1983. This book concentrates on the impact of philosophy of science on sociology and other disciplines. It argues that the impact of the philosophy of science on sociology from the rise of the Vienna Circle until the mid-1980s resulted in a deep-reaching and, in the author’s view, undesirable methodological reorientation in sociology.
     
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  26. Till Düppe (2011). How Economic Methodology Became a Separate Science. Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (2):163-176.score: 102.0
    Ever since the formation of the field of economic methodology in the 1990s, doubts have been raised about its discursive closure from both inside and outside the field. Rather than embarking on a programmatic discussion, I present a historical narrative regarding the conditions of the formation of the field, which may have necessitated this closure. These conditions are found in the role methodological reflections played in the formalist revolution of the 1950s and in its critique in the 1970s. Both (...)
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  27. Henri Poincaré (1914/2003). Science and Method. Dover Publications.score: 102.0
    " Vivid . . . immense clarity . . . the product of a brilliant and extremely forceful intellect." — Journal of the Royal Naval Scientific Service "Still a sheer joy to read." — Mathematical Gazette "Should be read by any student, teacher or researcher in mathematics." — Mathematics Teacher The originator of algebraic topology and of the theory of analytic functions of several complex variables, Henri Poincare (1854–1912) excelled at explaining the complexities of scientific and mathematical ideas to lay (...)
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  28. Giambattista Formica (2010). Von Neumann's Methodology of Science: From Incompleteness Theorems to Later Foundational Reflections. Perspectives on Science 18 (4):480-499.score: 102.0
    Describing the methodology of a prominent mathematician can be an over-ambitious task, especially if the mathematician in question has made crucial contributions to almost the whole of mathematical science. John von Neumann’s case study falls within this category. Nonetheless, we can still provide a clear picture of von Neumann’s methodology of science. Recent literature has clarified its key feature—the opportunistic approach to axiomatics—and has laid out its main principles. To be honest, this work can hardly be (...)
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  29. Elvio Baccarini (1992). Reflective Equilibrium and Methodology of Science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 6 (3):175 – 180.score: 102.0
    Abstract In The Rational and the Social James Brown argues against the use of the method of reflective equilibrium in attempting to justify methodological norms. For, according to Brown, this would involve a circularity for that method presupposes an account of good scientific practice. In this paper it is argued that the method can be sustained without such a presupposition using either conherentism, reliabilism or defeasible foundationalism. That being so there is no circularity in applying it within normative methodology (...)
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  30. Henri Poincaré (1952/2003). Science and Method. New York]Dover Publications.score: 102.0
    " Vivid . . . immense clarity . . . the product of a brilliant and extremely forceful intellect." — Journal of the Royal Naval Scientific Service "Still a sheer joy to read." — Mathematical Gazette "Should be read by any student, teacher or researcher in mathematics." — Mathematics Teacher The originator of algebraic topology and of the theory of analytic functions of several complex variables, Henri Poincare (1854–1912) excelled at explaining the complexities of scientific and mathematical ideas to lay (...)
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  31. Ivan A. Boldyrev (2012). Philosophy of Science or Science and Technology Studies? Economic Methodology and Auction Theory. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (3):289-307.score: 102.0
    This article addresses some recent tendencies in economic methodology defined as a philosophy of science for economics. I review the problem of normative/positive distinction in methodology and argue that normativity in its past forms is intolerable today but is, at the same time, indispensable for methodological inquiry. Using recent texts by Mirowski and Nik-Khah and by Alexandrova and Northcott on the applications of auction theory as a case study, I compare in more detail various approaches to economic (...)
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  32. Noretta Koertge (1980). Methodology, Ideology and Feminist Critiques of Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:346 - 359.score: 102.0
    This paper deals with two questions. First, if all scientists were perfect Popperians, how much influence could their background values and experiences have? It is argued that background can play a role in problem choice and in the constructing and testing of hypotheses. Second, do the ideals of feminism suggest the need for a new methodology and epistemology for science? In answering this question, Harding's paper in this volume is discussed.
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  33. Charles H. Pence, Charles Darwin and Sir John F. W. Herschel: Nineteenth-Century Science and its Methodology.score: 96.0
    In this essay, I review the relationship between Charles Darwin's methodology and the philosophy of science of Sir John F. W. Herschel. Darwin's exposure to Herschel's philosophy was, I argue, significant. Further, when we construct an appropriate reading of Herschel's philosophy of science (a surprisingly difficult feat), we can see that Darwin's three-part argument in the Origin is crafted in order to strictly adhere to Herschel's methodological guidelines.
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  34. Steffen Ducheyne (2010). Whewell's Tidal Researches: Scientific Practice and Philosophical Methodology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):26-40.score: 96.0
    Primarily between 1833 and 1840, Whewell attempted to accomplish what natural philosophers and scientists since at least Galileo had failed to do: to provide a systematic and broad-ranged study of the tides and to attempt to establish a general scientific theory of tidal phenomena. In the essay at hand, I document the close interaction between Whewell’s philosophy of science (especially his methodological views) and his scientific practice as a tidologist. I claim that the intertwinement between Whewell’s methodology and (...)
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  35. Vincent Fella Hendricks, Arne Jakobsen & Stig Andur Pedersen (2000). Identification of Matrices in Science and Engineering. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (2):277-305.score: 96.0
    Engineering science is a scientific discipline that from the point of view of epistemology and the philosophy of science has been somewhat neglected. When engineering science was under philosophical scrutiny it often just involved the question of whether engineering is a spin-off of pure and applied science and their methods. We, however, hold that engineering is a science governed by its own epistemology, methodology and ontology. This point is systematically argued by comparing the different (...)
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  36. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2014). Teaching Philosophy of Science to Scientists: Why, What and How. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (1):115-134.score: 96.0
    This paper provides arguments to philosophers, scientists, administrators and students for why science students should be instructed in a mandatory, custom-designed, interdisciplinary course in the philosophy of science. The argument begins by diagnosing that most science students are taught only conventional methodology: a fixed set of methods whose justification is rarely addressed. It proceeds by identifying seven benefits that scientists incur from going beyond these conventions and from acquiring abilities to analyse and evaluate justifications of scientific (...)
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  37. Dimitri Ginev (1992). Varianten der Kritischen WissenschaftstheorieVariants of Critical Philosophy of Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 23 (1):45-60.score: 96.0
    It is the purpose of this paper to represent an analysis of four variants of critical philosophy of science: the constructivistic methodology, the reflexion upon science from the viewpoint of the critical theory of society, the ‘social natural science’ as a further development of the finalization conception, and the projective philosophy of science. Special attention is paid to the comparison of these variants. Some points of convergence as well as of divergence among them are revealed. (...)
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  38. Clark L. Hull (1944). Value, Valuation, and Natural-Science Methodology. Philosophy of Science 11 (3):125-141.score: 96.0
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  39. Nader Chokr (1986). Prescription Versus Description in Philosophy of Science, or Methodology Versus History: A Critical Assessment. Metaphilosophy 17 (4):289-299.score: 96.0
    This paper examines critically the current state of affairs in philosophy of science. It focuses on the well-Known puzzle about the relationship between the normative prescriptive methodology of science and positive descriptive history of science. This puzzle has dogged philosophers of science for over a generation and is still controversial. My conclusion is that there is really no escape from it. The best way to characterize it is as follows: "philosophy of science without history (...)
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  40. Dimíter Ginev (1986). The “ScienceMethodology” Iterative Cycle. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 17 (1):143-153.score: 96.0
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  41. J. M. Gvishiani (1989). Impact of Global Modelling on Modern Methodology of Science. In Jens Erik Fenstad, Ivan Timofeevich Frolov & Risto Hilpinen (eds.), Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science Viii: Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Moscow, 1987. Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier Science.score: 96.0
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  42. A. M. Diamond (1998). What Really Matters. A Review of James R. Wible's The Economics of Science: Methodology and Epistemology as If Economics Really Mattered. [REVIEW] Journal of Economic Methodology 5:304-309.score: 96.0
     
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  43. Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (2006). Novelty and Continuity in Philosophy and Methodology of Science. In Wenceslao J. González & Jesus Alcolea (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy and Methodology of Science. Netbiblo. 1--28.score: 96.0
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  44. F. Hindriks (2001). British Classical Economists and Their Methodological Heritage A Review of Deborah A. Redman's The Rise of Political Economy as a Science. Methodology and the Classical Economists. [REVIEW] Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (1):145-152.score: 96.0
     
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  45. August Wednesday Morning (1965). 1964 International Congress for Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. In Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (ed.), Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. Amsterdam, North-Holland Pub. Co.. 435.score: 96.0
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  46. Lawrence Sklar (ed.) (2000). The Philosophy of Science: A Collection of Essays. Garland.score: 92.0
    About the Series Contemporary philosophy of science combines a general study from a philosophical perspective of the methods of science, with an inquiry, again from the philosophical point of view, into foundational issues that arise in the various special sciences. Methodological philosophy of science has deep connections with issues at the center of pure philosophy. It makes use of important results, for example, in traditional epistemology, metaphysics and the philosophy of language. It also connects in various ways (...)
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  47. Gualtiero Piccinini (2003). Data From Introspective Reports: Upgrading From Common Sense to Science. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):141-156.score: 90.0
    Introspective reports are used as sources of information about other minds, in both everyday life and science. Many scientists and philosophers consider this practice unjustified, while others have made the untestable assumption that introspection is a truthful method of private observation. I argue that neither skepticism nor faith concerning introspective reports are warranted. As an alternative, I consider our everyday, commonsensical reliance on each other’s introspective reports. When we hear people talk about their minds, we neither refuse to learn (...)
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  48. Stephan Hartmann, Luc Bovens & Carl Hoefer (eds.) (2008). Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. Routledge.score: 90.0
    Nancy Cartwright is one of the most distinguished and influential contemporary philosophers of science. Despite the profound impact of her work, until now there has not been a systematic exposition of Cartwright's philosophy of science nor a collection of articles that contains in-depth discussions of the major themes of her philosophy. This book is devoted to a critical assessment of Cartwright's philosophy of science and contains contributions from Cartwright's champions and critics. Broken into three parts, the book (...)
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  49. Jutta Schickore (2012). What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Science? The Concept of Replication and the Methodology of Experiments. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):513-532.score: 90.0
    Abstract Scientists and philosophers generally agree that the replication of experiments is a key ingredient of good and successful scientific practice. “One-offs“ are not significant; experiments must be replicable to be considered valid and important. But the term “replication“ has been used in a number of ways, and it is therefore quite difficult to appraise the meaning and significance of replications. I consider how history may help - and has helped - with this task. I propose that: 1) Studies of (...)
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  50. Joseph Rouse (1998). New Philosophies of Science in North America — Twenty Years Later. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 29 (1):71-122.score: 90.0
    This survey of major developments in North American philosophy of science begins with the mid-1960s consolidation of the disciplinary synthesis of internalist history and philosophy of science (HPS) as a response to criticisms of logical empiricism. These developments are grouped for discussion under the following headings: historical metamethodologies, scientific realisms, philosophies of the special sciences, revivals of empiricism, cognitivist naturalisms, social epistemologies, feminist theories of science, studies of experiment and the disunity of science, and studies of (...)
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