Search results for 'Science Technological innovations' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. M. G. Jones, T. Andre, D. Kubasko, A. Bokinsky, T. Tretter, A. Negishi, R. Taylor & R. Superfine (2004). Remote Atomic Force Microscopy of Microscopic Organisms: Technological Innovations for Hands‐on Science with Middle and High School Students. Science Education 88 (1):55-71.
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  2.  29
    Jon Elster (1983). Explaining Technical Change: A Case Study in the Philosophy of Science. Universitetsforlaget.
    In this volume, first published in 1983, Jon Elster approaches the study of technical change from an epistemological perspective.
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  3. Soraya Nour & Olivier Remaud (eds.) (2010). War and Peace: The Role of Science and Art. Duncker & Humblot.
    Violence -- Poliltical philosophy -- Critical theory -- Science and arts in international relations -- Psyche -- Aesthetics -- Tolstoi's War and peace.
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  4. Robert A. Solo (1991). The Philosophy of Science and Economics. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  5. Rachel Laudan (1984). The Nature of Technological Knowledge Are Models of Scientific Change Relevant?
     
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  6. Ziauddin Sardar (1988). The Revenge of Athena Science, Exploitation and the Third World.
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  7. M. J. Mulkay (1972). The Social Process of Innovation: A Study in the Sociology of Science. London,Macmillan.
  8. Jon Elster (1983). Explaining Technical Change a Case Study in the Philosophy of Science /Jon Elster. --. --. Cambridge University Press Universitetsforlaget,1983.
    Technical change, defined as the manufacture and modification of tools, is generally thought to have played an important role in the evolution of intelligent life on earth, comparable to that of language. In this volume, first published in 1983, Jon Elster approaches the study of technical change from an epistemological perspective. He first sets out the main methods of scientific explanation and then applies those methods to some of the central theories of technical change. In particular, Elster considers neoclassical, evolutionary, (...)
     
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  9.  11
    Hugh Lacey (2012). Reflections on Science and Technoscience. Scientiae Studia 10 (SPE):103-128.
    Technoscientific research, a kind of scientific research conducted within the decontextualized approach (DA), uses advanced technology to produce instruments, experimental objects, and new objects and structures, that enable us to gain knowledge of states of affairs of novel domains, especially knowledge about new possibilities of what we can do and make, with the horizons of practical, industrial, medical or military innovation, and economic growth and competition, never far removed from view. The legitimacy of technoscientific innovations can be appraised only (...)
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  10.  11
    Martina Merz & Peter Biniok (2010). How Technological Platforms Reconfigure Science-Industry Relations: The Case of Micro- and Nanotechnology. [REVIEW] Minerva 48 (2):105-124.
    With reference to the recent science studies debate on the nature of science-industry relationship, this article focuses on a novel organizational form: the technological platform. Considering the field of micro- and nanotechnology in Switzerland, it investigates how technological platforms participate in framing science-industry activities. On the basis of a comparative analysis of three technological platforms, it shows that the platforms relate distinctly to academic and to industrial users. It distinguishes three pairs of user models, (...)
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  11. Huub Dijstelbloem (2008). Politiek Vernieuwen: Op Zoek Naar Publiek in de Technologische Samenleving. Van Gennep.
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  12.  17
    Diana Senechal (2011). Republic of Noise: The Loss of Solitude in Schools and Culture. R&L Education.
    Machine generated contents note: Chapter 1 Acknowledgments -- Chapter 2 Introduction: The Chatter of the Present -- Chapter 3 Definitions of Solitude -- Chapter 4 Distraction: The Flip Side of Engagement -- Chapter 5 Antigone: Literature as "Thinking Apart" -- Chapter 6 The Workshop Model in New York City -- Chapter 7 The Folly of the "Big Idea" -- Chapter 8 The Cult of Success -- Chapter 9 Mass Personalization and the "Underground Man" -- Chapter 10 The Need for Loneliness (...)
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  13.  23
    Marianne Benard, Huib de Vriend, Paul van Haperen & Volkert Beekman (2010). Science and Society in Dialogue About Marker Assisted Selection. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (4):317-329.
    Analysis of a European Union funded biotechnology project on plant genomics and marker assisted selection in Solanaceous crops shows that the organization of a dialogue between science and society to accompany technological innovations in plant breeding faces practical challenges. Semi-structured interviews with project participants and a survey among representatives of consumer and other non-governmental organizations show that the professed commitment to dialogue on science and biotechnology is rather shallow and has had limited application for all involved. (...)
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  14.  4
    Jan Todd (1993). Science at the Periphery: An Interpretation of Australian Scientific and Technological Dependency and Development Prior to 1914. Annals of Science 50 (1):33-58.
    Divergent models applied to the chronology of Australian science leave us with two particular problems unresolved: was late-nineteenth-century science in this peripheral setting becoming more or less dependent on its British fountainhead, and what is the meaning of the reportedly narrow, utilitarian focus of ‘colonial science’? This paper argues that a complex interplay of imperial and local imperatives makes neat classification and periodization of Australia's scientific development a hazardous venture. Compounding the complexity is the nature of the (...)
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  15.  9
    Martyn D. Pickersgill (2013). From 'Implications' to 'Dimensions': Science, Medicine and Ethics in Society. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 21 (1):31-42.
    Much bioethical scholarship is concerned with the social, legal and philosophical implications of new and emerging science and medicine, as well as with the processes of research that under-gird these innovations. Science and technology studies (STS), and the related and interpenetrating disciplines of anthropology and sociology, have also explored what novel technoscience might imply for society, and how the social is constitutive of scientific knowledge and technological artefacts. More recently, social scientists have interrogated the emergence of (...)
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  16.  8
    Barry J. Fishman & Joseph Krajcik (2003). What Does It Mean to Create Sustainable Science Curriculum Innovations? A Commentary. Science Education 87 (4):564-573.
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  17.  24
    Dane Scott (2011). The Technological Fix Criticisms and the Agricultural Biotechnology Debate. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (3):207-226.
    A common tactic in public debates over science and technology is to dismissively label innovations as mere technological fixes. This tactic can be readily observed in the long debate over agricultural biotechnology. While these criticisms are often superficial rhetorical tactics, they point to deeper philosophical disagreements about the role of technology in society. Examining the technological fix criticism can clarify these underlying philosophical disagreements and the debate over biotechnology. The first part of this essay discusses the (...)
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  18.  3
    G. S. Khozin (1973). Science and Technology, Ideology and Politics in the Usa: (Toward an Analysis of the Evolution of Complex Scientific-Technological Projects in the USA). Russian Studies in Philosophy 12 (3):50-70.
    In the complex diversity of processes and phenomena associated with the revolution in science and technology and characteristic of the functioning of capitalism in the 1960s, a new and at the same time highly characteristic phenomenon is to be seen. This is the complex scientific-technological project, which made its appearance at the leading edge of scientific and engineering progress. Maximum national technical, economic, and scientific potential is concentrated on its implementation, as are the latest achievements in management and (...)
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  19. Nicholas Rescher (1996). Technological Escalation and the Exploration Model of Natural Science. Sorites 5:6-17.
    Our cognitive competence is well accounted for by our evolutionary niche in the world's scheme of things. The development of inquiry in natural science is best understood on analogy with exploration -- to be sure, not in the geographical mode but rather exploration in nature's parametric space of such physical quantities as temperature, pressure, and field strength. The technology-mediated exploration at issue here involves an interaction between us humans and nature that becomes increasingly difficult as we move ever farther (...)
     
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  20.  50
    Martin Carrier (2010). Theories for Use: On the Bearing of Basic Science on Practical Problems. In M. Dorato M. Suàrez (ed.), Epsa Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer 23--33.
    Funding policies for science are usually directed at supporting technological innovations. The im-pact and success of such policies depend crucially on how science and technology are connected to each other. I propose an “interactive view” of the relationship between basic science and technol-ogy development which comprises the following four claims: First, technological change derives from science but only in part. The local models used in accounting for technologically relevant phenomena contain theoretical and non-theoretical (...)
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  21.  9
    Ricard V. Solée, Sergi Valverde, Marti Rosas Casals, Stuart A. Kauffman, Doyne Farmer & Niles Eldredge (2013). The Evolutionary Ecology of Technological Innovations. Complexity 18 (4):15-27.
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  22.  2
    Jerome Ravetz (1978). Scientific Knowledge and Expert Advice in Debates About Large Technological Innovations. Minerva 16 (2):273-282.
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  23. Hannot Rodríguez (1st ed. 2015). Risk and Trust in Institutions That Regulate Strategic Technological Innovations: Challenges for a Socially Legitimate Risk Analysis. In Wenceslao J. Gonzalez (ed.), New Perspectives on Technology, Values, and Ethics. Springer International Publishing
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  24. White (1954). Change and History: A Study of the Dated Distributions of Technological Innovations in EnglandMargaret T. Hodgen. Speculum 29 (2, Part 1):280-282.
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  25.  12
    Stephanie Ruphy, Which Forms of Limitation of the Autonomy of Science Are Epistemologically Acceptable ?
    This paper will investigate whether constraints on possible forms of limitation of the autonomy of science can be derived from epistemological considerations. Proponents of the autonomy of science often link autonomy with virtues such as epistemic fecundity, capacity to generate technological innovations and capacity to produce neutral expertise. I will critically discuss several important epistemological assumptions underlying these links, in particular the “unpredictability argument”. This will allow me to spell out conditions to be met by any (...)
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  26.  18
    Sven Ove Hansson (2007). What is Technological Science? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (3):523-527.
    The technological sciences have at least six defining characteristics that distinguish them from the other sciences. They have human-made rather than natural objects as their study objects, include the practice of engineering design, define their study objects in functional terms, evaluate these study objects with category-specified value statements, employ less far-reaching idealizations than the natural sciences, and do not need an exact mathematical solution when a sufficiently close approximation is available. In combination, the six characteristics are sufficient to show (...)
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  27.  10
    Sven Ove Hansson (2007). What is Technological Science? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (3):523-527.
    The technological sciences have at least six defining characteristics that distinguish them from the other sciences. They have human-made rather than natural objects as their study objects, include the practice of engineering design, define their study objects in functional terms, evaluate these study objects with category-specified value statements, employ less far-reaching idealizations than the natural sciences, and do not need an exact mathematical solution when a sufficiently close approximation is available. In combination, the six characteristics are sufficient to show (...)
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  28.  4
    Anonymous (1973). Man, Science, Technology: A Marxist Analysis of the Scientific-Technological Revolution. Academia Prague.
  29. James Barry (1996). Measures of Science: Theological and Technological Impulses in Early Modern Thought. Northwestern University Press.
     
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  30. Sven Hansson (2015). Experiments Before Science. What Science Learned From Technological Experiments. In Sven Ove Hansson (ed.), The Role of Technology in Science: Philosophical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands
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  31.  26
    Swaroop S. Vattam & Janet L. Kolodner (2008). On Foundations of Technological Support for Addressing Challenges Facing Design-Based Science Learning. Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (2):406-437.
    Design experiences can provide valuable opportunities for learners to improve their understanding of both science content and scientific practices. However, the implementation of design-based science learning in classrooms presents a number of significant challenges. In this article we present two significant challenges, bridging the design-science gap and overcoming time and material constraints, and a strategy for addressing them through software design in which explanation-construction scaffolding integrates with modeling and simulation. We present two software systems developed based on (...)
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  32.  12
    William J. McKinney (1995). Between Justification and Pursuit: Understanding the Technological Essence of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (3):455-468.
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  33.  14
    Karin Dahlberg & Steen Halling (2001). Human Science Research as the Embodiment of Openness: Swimming Upstream in a Technological Culture. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 32 (1):12-21.
    The principle of openness is central to human science approaches to research where the researcher becomes closely involved with the phenomenon under study. This article addresses both the practical and theoretical challenges that confront the researcher who seeks to be open. It also clarifies the meaning of the concept of openness and considers its relationship to the ideal of objectivity. Openness, it is argued, is neither an enduring state nor a trait but requires an ongoing struggle and has different (...)
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  34.  6
    Daniel Gil‐Perez & Jaime Carrascosa‐Alis (1994). Bringing Pupils' Learning Closer to a Scientific Construction of Knowledge: A Permanent Feature in Innovations in Science Teaching. Science Education 78 (3):301-315.
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  35.  2
    Andrzej Kiepas (2013). Eco-Philosophy and the Rationality of Science and Technology. Henryk Skolimowski's Criticism of Technological Civilization. Dialogue and Universalism 23 (4):127-139.
    The article presents Henryk Skolimowski’s standpoint on the civilizational role of technology in the context of his eco-philosophy concept, it also reviews the changes underway in science and technology and the challenges posed on their rationality. Despite its evident historical anchoring, Skolimowski’s position appears to contain many currently important ideas and solutions.
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  36.  1
    Kristen Intemann (2009). Gendered Innovations in Science and Engineering. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 100:642-643.
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  37. J. W. (1995). Between Justification and Pursuit: Understanding the Technological Essence of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (3):455-468.
     
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  38. David Channell (2015). Technological Thinking in Science. In Sven Ove Hansson (ed.), The Role of Technology in Science: Philosophical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands
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  39. P. Kroes (1989). Philosophy of Science and the Technological Dimension of Science in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:375-382.
     
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  40. P. Kroes, M. Bakker & D. Edgerton (1995). Technological Development and Science in the Industrial Age: New Perspectives on the Science Technology Relationship. Annals of Science 52 (4):424-424.
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  41. Pablo Rubén Mariconda (2014). Technological Risks, Transgenic Agriculture and Alternatives. Scientiae Studia 12 (SPE):75-104.
    After discussing the transformation of age-old agricultural practices that has been occurring since the mid nineteenth century, and its impact on the natural environment, I identify four features of technology that point to the ambiguity of the idea of "technological progress". These are linked to the intrinsic unpredictability of technological applications and have implications for evaluating technological risks. I then show that large scale technological applications and innovations - such as expanding the practice of smallpox (...)
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  42. Trevor McClaughlin (1977). Seventeenth Century Public Welfare, Science, and Propaganda in Seventeenth Century France. The Innovations of Théophraste Renaudot. By Howard M. Solomon. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1972. Pp. Xv + 290. £8.50. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 10 (2):173.
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  43. Roser Pintó (2005). Introducing Curriculum Innovations in Science: Identifying Teachers' Transformations and the Design of Related Teacher Education. Science Education 89 (1):1-12.
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  44. Arnold Thackray (1970). The Unbound Prometheus. Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe From 1750 to the Present by David S. Landes; Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution by A. E. Musson; Eric Robinson. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 61:263-264.
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  45. Les Todres (2002). Humanising Forces: Phenomenology in Science; Psychotherapy in Technological Culture. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 2 (1):1-11.
    One of the concerns of the existential-phenomenological tradition has been to examine the human implications of living in a world of proliferating technology. The pressure to become more specialised and efficient has become a powerful value and quest. Both contemporary culture and science enables a view of human identity which focuses on our 'parts' and the compartmentalisation of our lives into specialised 'bits'. This is a kind of abstraction which Psychology has also, at times, taken in its concern to (...)
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  46.  19
    Michael Seltzer (1998). The Technological Infrastructure of Science. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 3 (3):141-149.
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  47. Ervin Laszlo, Richard Gelwick, Walter B. Gulick, Wolfhart Pannenberg, Robert B. Glassman, Steven Reiss & Andrew Ward (2005). In This is Tn 'R-*\—~ L 111 Fortieth Anniversary Symposium: Science, Religion, and Secularity in a Technological Society] Ohn C. Caiazza. Zygon 40 (1-2):258.
     
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  48.  8
    Paschal O'Gorman (1987). The Technological Dimension of a Science of Man. Philosophical Studies 31:133-147.
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  49.  1
    John Vaizey & George Louis Payne (1961). Education and ManpowerBritain's Scientific and Technological ManpowerThe Complete Scientist: Report of the Leverhulme Study Group of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. British Journal of Educational Studies 10 (1):85.
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  50.  1
    Kristen Intemann (2009). Londa Schiebinger .Gendered Innovations in Science and Engineering. Xii + 244 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2008. $24.95. [REVIEW] Isis 100 (3):642-643.
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