Search results for 'Science and state History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Joseph C. Pitt & International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science (1985). Change and Progress in Modern Science Papers Related to and Arising From the Fourth International Conference on History and Philosophy of Science, Blacksburg, Virginia, November 1982.
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  2.  5
    Morris F. Low (1993). The History of East Asian Science: State of the Art. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (4):677-686.
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  3.  4
    Ira Katznelson (1992). The State to the Rescue? Political Science and History Reconnect. Social Research 59:719-738.
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  4.  28
    Mansoor Niaz & Stuart Rowlands (2001). Roberto de Andrade Martins is a Professor at the Physics Institute 'Gleb Wataghin', State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. He Received a First Degree in Physics at Sao Paulo University, and PhD in Logic and Philosophy of Science at UNICAMP. His Main Research Interests and the History and Philosophy of Physics. [REVIEW] Science and Education 10:321-322.
  5.  7
    Bernd Warlich (1974). State of Nature” and the “Natural History” of Bourgeois Society. The Origins of Bourgeois Social Theory as a Philosophy of History and Social Science in Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke and Adam Smith. Philosophy and History 7 (2):153-157.
  6.  3
    Sergio Hernán Orozco Echeverri (2009). Thomas Hobbes and the Geometry of the Commonwealth: Notes on the State of Nature From the History of Science. Estudios de Filosofía 39:153-175.
  7.  6
    Friedel Weinert (2010). The Role of Probability Arguments in the History of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):95-104.
    The paper examines Wesley Salmon's claim that the primary role of plausibility arguments in the history of science is to impose constraints on the prior probability of hypotheses (in the language of Bayesian confirmation theory). A detailed look at Copernicanism and Darwinism and, more briefly, Rutherford's discovery of the atomic nucleus reveals a further and arguably more important role of plausibility arguments. It resides in the consideration of likelihoods, which state how likely a given hypothesis makes a (...)
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  8.  0
    Peter Bowler (2006). Experts and Publishers: Writing Popular Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain, Writing Popular History of Science Now. British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2):159-187.
    The bulk of this address concerns itself with the extent to which professional scientists were involved in popular science writing in early twentieth-century Britain. Contrary to a widespread assumption, it is argued that a significant proportion of the scientific community engaged in writing the more educational type of popular science. Some high-profile figures acquired enough skill in popular writing to exert considerable influence over the public's perception of science and its significance. The address also shows how publishers (...)
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  9.  0
    Jane Maienschein & George Smith (2008). What Difference Does History of Science Make, Anyway? Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:318-321.
    This essay opens up the question of what difference the history of science makes. What is the value of the history of science, beyond its role as an academic pursuit that we historians of science know and love? It introduces the set of essays that follow as explorations that grew out of a seminar on this topic and that arise from the authors' particular concerns both that historians of science do not work hard enough (...)
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  10.  0
    Dietmar Höttecke & Andreas Henke (2015). Physics Teachers’ Challenges in Using History and Philosophy of Science in Teaching. Science and Education 24 (4):349-385.
    The inclusion of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching is widely accepted, but the actual state of implementation in schools is still poor. This article investigates possible reasons for this discrepancy. The demands science teachers associate with HPS-based teaching play an important role, since these determine teachers’ decisions towards implementing its practices and ideas. We therefore investigate the perceptions of 8 HPS-experienced German middle school physics teachers within and beyond an HPS implementation (...)
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  11.  7
    Nader Chokr (1986). Prescription Versus Description in Philosophy of Science, or Methodology Versus History: A Critical Assessment. Metaphilosophy 17 (4):289-299.
    This paper examines critically the current state of affairs in philosophy of science. It focuses on the well-Known puzzle about the relationship between the normative prescriptive methodology of science and positive descriptive history of science. This puzzle has dogged philosophers of science for over a generation and is still controversial. My conclusion is that there is really no escape from it. The best way to characterize it is as follows: "philosophy of science without (...)
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  12.  72
    Justin Biddle (2013). State of the Field: Transient Underdetermination and Values in Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):124-133.
    This paper examines the state of the field of “science and values”—particularly regarding the implications of the thesis of transient underdetermination for the ideal of value-free science, or what I call the “ideal of epistemic purity.” I do this by discussing some of the main arguments in the literature, both for and against the ideal. I examine a preliminary argument from transient underdetermination against the ideal of epistemic purity, and I discuss two different formulations of an objection (...)
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  13.  7
    Henry Kelly (2006). Science Policy in the United States: A Commentary on the State of the Art. Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):737-752.
    Timely, unbiased scientific advice is essential for effective public policy, but the system now operating in the United States is in a state of dangerous disrepair. The danger takes two forms. First, we are missing critical benefits in health, education, economic productivity, national security, and many other areas that more effective management of science could deliver. Second, we risk being overtaken by dangers that could have been avoided or for which we could have been much better prepared, given (...)
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  14.  72
    Lydia Patton (2011). Review of Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
    That the history and the philosophy of science have been united in a form of disciplinary marriage is a fact. There are pressing questions about the state of this union. Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science is a state of the union address, but also an articulation of compelling and well-defended positions on strategies for making progress in the history and philosophy of science.
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  15.  9
    Norwood Russell Hanson (1962). The Irrelevance of History of Science to the Philosophy of Science. Journal of Philosophy 59:574-585.
    History of science and philosophy of science are not logically related: to claim that they are would be either to underestimate or to misunderstand the genetic fallacy. But one risk of inferring that there is no connection at all between the two is the risk that philosophers of science may not know what they are talking about. The philosopher of science who does not know intimately the history of the scientific problem with which he (...)
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  16.  3
    Isabelle Laboulais (2008). Serving Science and the State: Mining Science in France, 1794–1810. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (1):17-36.
    The revolutionary period in France marked a turning point in the history of the profession of mining engineering and its relation to the State. This essay outlines the changing requirements of the revolutionary government, and describes the ways in which the State and its engineering professionals responded to the challenge of combining science and practice.
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  17.  1
    Kris Borer (2012). The State is an Enemy of Science: A Review of Terence Kealey's The Economic Laws of Scientific Research. [REVIEW] Libertarian Papers 4.
    In his book The Economic Laws of Scientific Research, Terence Kealey deconstructs major misconceptions about scientific research and its relation to the state. He shows, through revisionist history and economic data, that the premises behind common defenses of government funding of science are fallacious. Even though science is related to economic growth, the state cannot boost the economy by injecting funds into scientific research. Also, the state cannot discover which scientific projects are most important (...)
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  18.  14
    William R. Newman (2010). How Not to Integrate the History and Philosophy of Science: A Reply to Chalmers. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):203-213.
    Alan Chalmers uses Robert Boyle’s mechanical philosophy as an example of the irrelevance of ‘philosophy’ to ‘science’ and criticizes my 2006 book Atoms and alchemy for overemphasizing Boyle’s successes. The present paper responds as follows: first, it argues that Chalmers employs an overly simplistic methodology insensitive to the distinction between historical and philosophical claims; second, it shows that the central theses of Atoms and alchemy are untouched by Chalmers’s criticisms; and third, it uses Boyle’s analysis of subordinate causes and (...)
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  19.  17
    Matthew Ratcliffe (2003). Paul Sheldon Davies,Norms of Nature: Naturalism and the Nature of Function. A Bradford Book. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2001; Peter McLaughlin,What Functions Explain: Functional Explanation and Self-Reproducing Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001; Del Ratzsch,Nature, Design, and Science: The Status of Design in Natural Science. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. [REVIEW] Metascience 12 (3):312-321.
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  20. Martin Heidegger (2013). Nature, History, State, 1933-1934. Bloomsbury Academic.
  21.  0
    John Morgan (2009). Religious Conventions and Science in the Early Restoration: Reformation and ‘Israel’ in Thomas Sprat's History of the Royal Society. British Journal for the History of Science 42 (3):321-344.
    Sprat situated his analysis of the Royal Society within an emerging Anglican Royalist narrative of the longue durée of post-Reformation England. A closer examination of Sprat's own religious views reveals that his principal interest in the History of the Royal Society, as in the closely related reply to Samuel de Sorbière, the Observations, was to appropriate the advantages and benefits of the Royal Society as support for a re-established, anti-Calvinist Church of England. Sprat connected the two through a reformulation (...)
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  22.  0
    Stephen Wagner (1994). The History of Science and Technology in the United States: A Critical and Selective Bibliography. Volume 2 by Marc Rothenberg. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 85:747-747.
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  23.  61
    Trudy Dehue (1999). Testing Treatments, Managing Life: On the History of Randomized Clinical Trials: Harry M. Marks, The Progress of Experiment: Science and Therapeutic Reform in the United States, 1900-1990. History of the Human Sciences 12 (1):115-124.
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  24.  18
    Gregoire Mallard, Catherine Paradeise & Ashveen Peerbaye (eds.) (2008). Global Science and National Sovereignty: Studies in Historical Sociology of Science. Routledge.
    Interrogating the relationship of the sovereign power of the nation state to the scientist's expert knowledge as a legitimating--and sometimes challenging- ...
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  25.  4
    Iain Mcdaniel (2013). Philosophical History and the Science of Man in Scotland: Adam Ferguson's Response to Rousseau. Modern Intellectual History 10 (3):543-568.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Discourse on the Origin and the Foundations of Inequality is now recognized to have played a fundamental role in the shaping of Scottish Enlightenment political thought. Yet despite some excellent studies of Rousseau's influence on Adam Smith, his impact on Smith's contemporary, Adam Ferguson, has not been examined in detail. This article reassesses Rousseau's legacy in eighteenth-century Scotland by focusing on Ferguson's critique of Rousseau in his Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767), his History (...)
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  26.  3
    John L. Taylor & Andrew Hunt (2014). History and Philosophy of Science and the Teaching of Science in England. In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 2045-2081.
    This chapter relates a broadly chronological story of the developments over the last 50 years that have sought to reshape the science curriculum in English schools by introducing aspects of the history of science and nature of science. The chapter highlights key curriculum projects by outlining the contexts in which they developed and summarising their rationales as set out in their publications. It also provides signposts to some of the reports of research and scholarship that have (...)
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  27.  28
    Lydia Patton (ed.) (2014). Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader. Routledge.
    Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader is a compact overview of HOPOS that aims to introduce students to the groundwork of the field. Part I of the Reader begins with classic texts in the history of logical empiricism, including Reichenbach's discovery-justification distinction. With careful reference to Kuhn's analysis of scientific revolutions, the section provides key texts analyzing the relationship of HOPOS to the history of science, including texts by Santayana, Rudwick, and Shapin and (...)
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  28. Aaron D. Cobb (2011). History and Scientific Practice in the Construction of an Adequate Philosophy of Science: Revisiting a Whewell/Mill Debate. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):85-93.
    William Whewell raised a series of objections concerning John Stuart Mill’s philosophy of science which suggested that Mill’s views were not properly informed by the history of science or by adequate reflection on scientific practices. The aim of this paper is to revisit and evaluate this incisive Whewellian criticism of Mill’s views by assessing Mill’s account of Michael Faraday’s discovery of electrical induction. The historical evidence demonstrates that Mill’s reconstruction is an inadequate reconstruction of this historical episode (...)
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  29.  2
    Konrad Fuchs (1983). Science, State, Patrons. The Origin of Modern Scientific Policy in Great Britain 1850-1920. Philosophy and History 16 (2):150-151.
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  30. Andrew Reynolds (2008). Ernst Haeckel and the Theory of the Cell State: Remarks on the History of a Bio-Political Metaphor. History of Science 46 (152):123-152.
     
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  31.  12
    Michael R. Matthews (2014). Pendulum Motion: A Case Study in How History and Philosophy Can Contribute to Science Education. In International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 19-56.
    The pendulum has had immense scientific, cultural, social and philosophical impact. Historical, methodological and philosophical studies of pendulum motion can assist teachers to improve science education by developing enriched curricular material, and by showing connections between pendulum studies and other parts of the school programme, especially mathematics, social studies, technology and music. The pendulum is a universal topic in high-school science programmes and some elementary science courses; an enriched approach to its study can result in deepened (...) literacy across the whole educational spectrum. Such literacy will be manifest in a better appreciation of the part played by science in the development of society and culture. Such history, philosophy and science (HPS)-informed teaching and study of pendulum motion can serve as an exemplar of the benefits of HPS-informed teaching across the science curriculum. (This chapter draws on material in Matthews (1998, 2000, 2001, 2004), and on contributions to Matthews et al. (2005)). (shrink)
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  32.  9
    Klaus Petrus (1996). Naturgemässe Klassifikation Und Kontinuität Wissenschaft Und GeschichteNatural Classification and Continuity, Science and History. Some Reflections on Pierre Duhem. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (2):307-323.
    Duhem is commonly held to have founded his view of history of science as continuous on the ‘metaphsical assertion’ of natural classification. With the help of a strict distinction between formal and material characterization of natural classification I try to show that this imputation is problematic, if not simply incorrect. My analysis opens alternative perspectives on Duhem's talk of continuity, the ideal form of theories, and the rôle of ‘bon sens’; moreover it emphasizes some aspects of Duhem's realism (...)
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  33.  7
    Michael R. Matthews (2014). Introduction: The History, Purpose and Content of the Springer International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. In International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 1-15.
    This is the first handbook to be published that is devoted to the field of historical and philosophical research in science and mathematics education (HPS&ST). Given that science and mathematics through their long history have always been engaged with philosophy and that for over a century it has been recognised that science and mathematics curriculum development, teaching, assessment and learning give rise to so many historical and philosophical questions, it is unfortunate that such a handbook has (...)
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  34.  51
    Carl Schmitt (1996/2008). The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes: Meaning and Failure of a Political Symbol. University of Chicago Press.
    One of the most significant political philosophers of the twentieth century, Carl Schmitt is a deeply controversial figure who has been labeled both Nazi sympathizer and modern-day Thomas Hobbes. First published in 1938, The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes used the Enlightenment philosopher’s enduring symbol of the protective Leviathan to address the nature of modern statehood. A work that predicted the demise of the Third Reich and that still holds relevance in today’s security-obsessed society, this volume (...)
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  35.  1
    Deepak Kumar (2001). The Making of the Indian Atomic Bomb: Science, Secrecy, and the Postcolonial State by Itty Abraham. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 92:213-214.
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  36.  4
    Jesse D. Sloane (forthcoming). The State, the Nation, and Their Limits: Recent Publications on the History of Chinese Medicine. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C.
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  37.  5
    David Saunders & Ian Hunter (2003). Bringing the State to England: Andrew Tooke's Translation of Samuel Pufendorf's 'De Officio Hominis Et Civis'. History of Political Thought 24 (2):218-234.
    Andrew Tooke's 1691 English translation of Samuel Pufendorf's De officio hominis et civis, published as The Whole Duty of Man According to the Law of Nature, brought Pufendorf's manual fo statist natural law into English politics at a moment of temporary equilibrium in the unfinished contest between Crown and Parliament for the rights and powers of sovereignty. Drawing on the authors' re-edition of The Whole Duty of Man, this article describes and analyses a telling instance of how--by translation--the core political (...)
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  38.  1
    Keir Waddington (2001). The Science of Cows: Tuberculosis, Research and the State in the United Kingdom, 1890-1914. History of Science 39 (3):355-381.
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  39.  2
    E. B. (1998). Sociobiology, Sex, and Science - Holcomb, H. R., (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993), X+447 Pp., ISBN 0-7914-1260-1 Paperback. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):201-210.
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  40.  0
    I. Cohen (1941). Storia Della Luce by Vasco Ronchi; The History and Present State of Discoveries Relating to Vision, Light, and Colours by Joseph Priestley; Geschichte der Optik by Emil Wilde; Die Prinzipien der Physikalischen Optik, Historisch Und Erkenntnispsychologisch Entwickelt by Ernst Mach; J. S. Anderson; A. F. A. Young; Geschichte der Optik by Edmund Hoppe; Les Theories Sur la Nature de la Lumiere de Descartes a Nos Jours Et l'Evolution de la Theorie Physique by Ch. E. Papanastassiou. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 33:294-296.
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  41.  0
    Margaret Jacob (2007). The Importance of Early Modern European Science and the State of the Field. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 98:361-365.
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  42.  0
    John Mackenzie (2000). Science in the Service of Empire: Joseph Banks, the British State and the Uses of Science in the Age of Revolution. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 33 (3):369-379.
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  43.  0
    Roberto de Andrade Martins, Cibelle Celestino Silva & Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes (2014). History and Philosophy of Science in Science Education, in Brazil. In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 2271-2299.
    This paper addresses the context of emergence, development, and current status of the use of history and philosophy of science in science education in Brazil. After a short overview of the three areas (history of science, philosophy of science, and science education) in Brazil, the paper focuses on the application of this approach to teaching physics, chemistry, and biology at the secondary school level. The first Brazilian researches along this line appeared more consistently (...)
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  44. Henry Shapiro (1992). To Foster the Spirit of Professionalism: Southern Scientists and State Academies of Science by Nancy Smith Midgette. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 83:521-521.
     
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  45. Ilza Veith (1967). The State and the Mentally Ill. A History of Worcester State Hospital in Massachusetts, 1830-1920 by Gerald N. Grob. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 58:277-278.
     
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  46. Keir Waddington (2001). The Science of Cows: Meat, Bovine Tuberculosis and the British State 1880-1911. History of Science 39 (3).
     
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  47. Bradley E. Wilson (1998). Sociobiology, Sex, and Science: Holcomb, HR,(Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993), X+ 447 Pp., ISBN 0-7914-1260-1 Paperback. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):201-210.
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  48.  0
    Jonardon Ganeri (2013). Well-Ordered Science and Indian Epistemic Cultures: Toward a Polycentered History of Science. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 104:348-359.
    This essay defends the view that “modern science,” as with modernity in general, is a polycentered phenomenon, something that appears in different forms at different times and places. It begins with two ideas about the nature of rational scientific inquiry: Karin Knorr Cetina's idea of “epistemic cultures,” and Philip Kitcher's idea of science as “a system of public knowledge,” such knowledge as would be deemed worthwhile by an ideal conversation among the whole public under conditions of mutual engagement. (...)
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  49. Antony Black (2009). A World History of Ancient Political Thought. Oxford University Press.
    Early communities and states -- Egypt -- Mesoptamia, Assyria, Babylon -- Iran -- Israel -- India -- China -- The Greeks -- Rome -- Graeco-Roman humanism -- The Kingdom of Heaven and the Church of Christ -- Themes : similarities and differences between cultures -- General conclusion.
     
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  50. Renato Cristi (1998). Carl Schmitt and Authoritarian Liberalism: Strong State, Free Economy. University of Wales Press.
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