Search results for 'Science and state History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Morris F. Low (1993). The History of East Asian Science: State of the Art. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (4):677-686.score: 471.0
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  2. Ira Katznelson (forthcoming). The State to the Rescue? Political Science and History Reconnect. Social Research.score: 435.0
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  3. Bernd Warlich (1974). State of Nature” and the “Natural History” of Bourgeois Society. The Origins of Bourgeois Social Theory as a Philosophy of History and Social Science in Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke and Adam Smith. Philosophy and History 7 (2):153-157.score: 414.0
  4. Mansoor Niaz & Stuart Rowlands (2001). Roberto de Andrade Martins is a Professor at the Physics Institute 'Gleb Wataghin', State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil. He Received a First Degree in Physics at Sao Paulo University, and PhD in Logic and Philosophy of Science at UNICAMP. His Main Research Interests and the History and Philosophy of Physics. [REVIEW] Science and Education 10:321-322.score: 414.0
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  5. Sergio Hernán Orozco Echeverri (2009). Thomas Hobbes and the Geometry of the Commonwealth: Notes on the State of Nature From the History of Science. Estudios de Filosofía 39:153-175.score: 405.0
  6. Friedel Weinert (2010). The Role of Probability Arguments in the History of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):95-104.score: 297.0
    The paper examines Wesley Salmon's claim that the primary role of plausibility arguments in the history of science is to impose constraints on the prior probability of hypotheses (in the language of Bayesian confirmation theory). A detailed look at Copernicanism and Darwinism and, more briefly, Rutherford's discovery of the atomic nucleus reveals a further and arguably more important role of plausibility arguments. It resides in the consideration of likelihoods, which state how likely a given hypothesis makes a (...)
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  7. Nader Chokr (1986). Prescription Versus Description in Philosophy of Science, or Methodology Versus History: A Critical Assessment. Metaphilosophy 17 (4):289-299.score: 267.0
    This paper examines critically the current state of affairs in philosophy of science. It focuses on the well-Known puzzle about the relationship between the normative prescriptive methodology of science and positive descriptive history of science. This puzzle has dogged philosophers of science for over a generation and is still controversial. My conclusion is that there is really no escape from it. The best way to characterize it is as follows: "philosophy of science without (...)
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  8. Lydia Patton (2011). Review of Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.score: 261.0
    That the history and the philosophy of science have been united in a form of disciplinary marriage is a fact. There are pressing questions about the state of this union. Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science is a state of the union address, but also an articulation of compelling and well-defended positions on strategies for making progress in the history and philosophy of science.
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  9. Norwood Russell Hanson (1962). The Irrelevance of History of Science to the Philosophy of Science. Journal of Philosophy 59:574-585.score: 261.0
    History of science and philosophy of science are not logically related: to claim that they are would be either to underestimate or to misunderstand the genetic fallacy. But one risk of inferring that there is no connection at all between the two is the risk that philosophers of science may not know what they are talking about. The philosopher of science who does not know intimately the history of the scientific problem with which he (...)
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  10. Isabelle Laboulais (2008). Serving Science and the State: Mining Science in France, 1794–1810. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (1):17-36.score: 261.0
    The revolutionary period in France marked a turning point in the history of the profession of mining engineering and its relation to the State. This essay outlines the changing requirements of the revolutionary government, and describes the ways in which the State and its engineering professionals responded to the challenge of combining science and practice.
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  11. Martin Heidegger (2013). Nature, History, State, 1933-1934. Bloomsbury Academic.score: 252.0
  12. Trudy Dehue (1999). Testing Treatments, Managing Life: On the History of Randomized Clinical Trials: Harry M. Marks, The Progress of Experiment: Science and Therapeutic Reform in the United States, 1900-1990. History of the Human Sciences 12 (1):115-124.score: 231.0
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  13. Gregoire Mallard, Catherine Paradeise & Ashveen Peerbaye (eds.) (2008). Global Science and National Sovereignty: Studies in Historical Sociology of Science. Routledge.score: 228.0
    Interrogating the relationship of the sovereign power of the nation state to the scientist's expert knowledge as a legitimating--and sometimes challenging- ...
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  14. Iain Mcdaniel (2013). Philosophical History and the Science of Man in Scotland: Adam Ferguson's Response to Rousseau. Modern Intellectual History 10 (3):543-568.score: 225.0
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Discourse on the Origin and the Foundations of Inequality is now recognized to have played a fundamental role in the shaping of Scottish Enlightenment political thought. Yet despite some excellent studies of Rousseau's influence on Adam Smith, his impact on Smith's contemporary, Adam Ferguson, has not been examined in detail. This article reassesses Rousseau's legacy in eighteenth-century Scotland by focusing on Ferguson's critique of Rousseau in his Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767), his History (...)
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  15. Lydia Patton (ed.) (2014). Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader. Routledge.score: 224.0
    Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader is a compact overview of HOPOS that aims to introduce students to the groundwork of the field. Part I of the Reader begins with classic texts in the history of logical empiricism, including Reichenbach's discovery-justification distinction. With careful reference to Kuhn's analysis of scientific revolutions, the section provides key texts analyzing the relationship of HOPOS to the history of science, including texts by Santayana, Rudwick, and Shapin and (...)
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  16. Konrad Fuchs (1983). Science, State, Patrons. The Origin of Modern Scientific Policy in Great Britain 1850-1920. Philosophy and History 16 (2):150-151.score: 219.0
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  17. C. B. McCullagh (1995). Book Reviews : Geoffrey Hawthorn, Plausible Worlds: Possibility and Understanding in History and the Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991. Pp. 206. $44.50 (Cloth). G. R. Elton, Return to Essentials: Some Reflections on the Present State of Historical Study. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991. Pp. 136. $29.95 (Cloth. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (4):523-535.score: 218.0
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  18. Klaus Petrus (1996). Naturgemässe Klassifikation Und Kontinuität Wissenschaft Und GeschichteNatural Classification and Continuity, Science and History. Some Reflections on Pierre Duhem. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (2):307-323.score: 218.0
    Duhem is commonly held to have founded his view of history of science as continuous on the ‘metaphsical assertion’ of natural classification. With the help of a strict distinction between formal and material characterization of natural classification I try to show that this imputation is problematic, if not simply incorrect. My analysis opens alternative perspectives on Duhem's talk of continuity, the ideal form of theories, and the rôle of ‘bon sens’; moreover it emphasizes some aspects of Duhem's realism (...)
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  19. Justin Biddle (2013). State of the Field: Transient Underdetermination and Values in Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):124-133.score: 216.0
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  20. E. B. (1998). Sociobiology, Sex, and Science - Holcomb, H. R., (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993), X+447 Pp., ISBN 0-7914-1260-1 Paperback. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):201-210.score: 216.0
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  21. David Saunders & Ian Hunter (2003). Bringing the State to England: Andrew Tooke's Translation of Samuel Pufendorf's 'De Officio Hominis Et Civis'. History of Political Thought 24 (2):218-234.score: 216.0
    Andrew Tooke's 1691 English translation of Samuel Pufendorf's De officio hominis et civis, published as The Whole Duty of Man According to the Law of Nature, brought Pufendorf's manual fo statist natural law into English politics at a moment of temporary equilibrium in the unfinished contest between Crown and Parliament for the rights and powers of sovereignty. Drawing on the authors' re-edition of The Whole Duty of Man, this article describes and analyses a telling instance of how--by translation--the core political (...)
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  22. Jesse D. Sloane (forthcoming). The State, the Nation, and Their Limits: Recent Publications on the History of Chinese Medicine. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences.score: 216.0
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  23. Keir Waddington (2001). The Science of Cows: Tuberculosis, Research and the State in the United Kingdom, 1890-1914. History of Science 39:355-381.score: 216.0
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  24. Andrew Reynolds (2008). Ernst Haeckel and the Theory of the Cell State: Remarks on the History of a Bio-Political Metaphor. History of Science 46 (152):123-152.score: 216.0
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  25. Keir Waddington (2001). The Science of Cows: Meat, Bovine Tuberculosis and the British State 1880-1911. History of Science 39 (3).score: 216.0
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  26. Bradley E. Wilson (1998). Sociobiology, Sex, and Science: Holcomb, HR,(Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993), X+ 447 Pp., ISBN 0-7914-1260-1 Paperback. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 29 (1):201-210.score: 216.0
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  27. Carl Schmitt (1996/2008). The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes: Meaning and Failure of a Political Symbol. University of Chicago Press.score: 210.0
    One of the most significant political philosophers of the twentieth century, Carl Schmitt is a deeply controversial figure who has been labeled both Nazi sympathizer and modern-day Thomas Hobbes. First published in 1938, The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes used the Enlightenment philosopher’s enduring symbol of the protective Leviathan to address the nature of modern statehood. A work that predicted the demise of the Third Reich and that still holds relevance in today’s security-obsessed society, this volume (...)
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  28. Antony Black (2009). A World History of Ancient Political Thought. Oxford University Press.score: 210.0
    Early communities and states -- Egypt -- Mesoptamia, Assyria, Babylon -- Iran -- Israel -- India -- China -- The Greeks -- Rome -- Graeco-Roman humanism -- The Kingdom of Heaven and the Church of Christ -- Themes : similarities and differences between cultures -- General conclusion.
     
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  29. Ann K. S. Lambton (1981). State and Government in Medieval Islam: An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Political Theory: The Jurists. Oxford University Press.score: 207.0
    I RELIGION AND POLITICS: THE LAW Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, believes in the divine origin of government. It follows, therefore, that political ...
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  30. Shaukat Ali (1975). Administrative Ethics in a Muslim State. Publishers United.score: 207.0
  31. Renato Cristi (1998). Carl Schmitt and Authoritarian Liberalism: Strong State, Free Economy. University of Wales Press.score: 207.0
  32. Edgar L. Hewett (1944). Man and the State. Albuquerque, the University of New Mexico Press.score: 207.0
     
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  33. Albert Jay Nock (1962/1983). Our Enemy, the State: Albert Jay Nock's Classic Critique Distinguishing "Government" From "the State". Hallberg Pub. Corp..score: 207.0
  34. Albert Jay Nock (1973/1972). Our Enemy, the State. New York,Free Life Editions.score: 207.0
     
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  35. Karalam Madhara Pannikkar (1963). The Ideas of Sovereignty and State in Indian Political Thought. Bombay, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.score: 207.0
     
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  36. M. Shiviah (1977). New Humanism and Democratic Politics: A Study of M. N. Roy's Theory of the State. Popular Prakashan.score: 207.0
     
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  37. Eric Michael Wilson (2013). The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the National Security Complex. Ashgate.score: 207.0
     
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  38. Catherine Kendig (2013). Integrating History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences in Practice to Enhance Science Education: Swammerdam's Historia Insectorum Generalis and the Case of the Water Flea. Science and Education 22 (8):1939-1961.score: 202.0
    Hasok Chang (Science & Education 20:317–341, 2011) shows how the recovery of past experimental knowledge, the physical replication of historical experiments, and the extension of recovered knowledge can increase scientific understanding. These activities can also play an important role in both science and history and philosophy of science education. In this paper I describe the implementation of an integrated learning project that I initiated, organized, and structured to complement a course in history and philosophy of (...)
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  39. Richard Creath (2010). The Role of History in Science. Journal of the History of Biology 43 (2):207 - 214.score: 202.0
    The case often made by scientists (and philosophers) against history and the history of science in particular is clear. Insofar as a field of study is historical as opposed to law-based, it is trivial. Insofar as a field attends to the past of science as opposed to current scientific issues, its efforts are derivative and, by diverting attention from acquiring new knowledge, deplorable. This case would be devastating if true, but it has almost everything almost exactly (...)
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  40. Howard Evans Kiefer & Milton Karl Munitz (eds.) (1970). Mind, Science, and History. Albany,State University of New York Press.score: 202.0
    THE LIMITS OF NATURALISM Brand Blanshard I The Issue The purpose of this paper is to consider whether science, as currently conceived, is adequate to the ...
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  41. Brian Keith Axel (2009). Forests of Citation: Concluding Unauthorized Postscript to Figured Fragments of Bernard S. Cohn's `History and Anthropology: The State of Play'. History of the Human Sciences 22 (3):1-27.score: 199.0
    This text represents an exploration of the possible significance of Bernard S. Cohn's 1980 essay, `History and Anthropology: The State of Play', for understanding the present of historical anthropology and its futures. My discussion has two aims: (1) to reflect on both Bernard S. Cohn's pedagogy and mode of inquiry; and (2) to explore the complexity and nuance of citationality as a generative principle within the constitution of historical anthropology's subject. Toward this, I examine Cohn's notion of `the (...)
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  42. Elaine Maria Paiva de Andrade, Jean Faber & Luiz Pinguelli Rosa (2013). A Spontaneous Physics Philosophy on the Concept of Ether Throughout the History of Science: Birth, Death and Revival. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 18 (3):559-577.score: 198.0
    In the course of the history of science, some concepts have forged theoretical foundations, constituting paradigms that hold sway for substantial periods of time. Research on the history of explanations of the action of one body on another is a testament to the periodic revival of one theory in particular, namely, the theory of ether. Even after the foundation of modern Physics, the notion of ether has directly and indirectly withstood the test of time. Through a spontaneous (...)
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  43. Steve Fuller (2012). Why Does History Matter to the Science Studies Disciplines? A Case for Giving the Past Back Its Future. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):562-585.score: 198.0
    Abstract Science and technology studies (STS) has perhaps provided the most ambitious set of challenges to the boundary separating history and philosophy of science since the 19th century idealists and positivists. STS is normally associated with `social constructivism', which when applied to history of science highlights the malleability of the modal structure of reality. Specifically, changes to what is (e.g. by the addition or removal of ideas or things) implies changes to what has been, can (...)
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  44. Philip G. Cerny (1990). The Changing Architecture of Politics: Structure, Agency, and the Future of the State. Sage.score: 198.0
    A landmark study in the field of political science, The Changing Architecture of Politics charts the profound structural changes taking place in the late twentieth-century state. Looking at both theory and practice, Cerny argues that political structures--states in the broadest sense--are the key to understanding both the history and the future of modern politics. Included for discussion are such salient topics as the problem of locating institutional and structural theory within political and social science, how to (...)
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  45. Gregory Sullivan (2011). The Instinctual Nation-State: Non-Darwinian Theories, State Science and Ultra-Nationalism in Oka Asajirō's "Evolution and Human Life". [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (3):547 - 586.score: 198.0
    In his anthology of socio-political essays, Evolution and Human Life, Oka Asajirō (1868-1944), early twentieth century Japan's foremost advocate of evolutionism, developed a biological vision of the nation-state as super-organism that reflected the concerns and aims of German-inspired Meiji statism and anticipated aspects of radical ultra-nationalism. Drawing on non-Darwinian doctrines, Oka attempted to realize such a fused or organic state by enhancing social instincts that would bind the minzoku (ethnic nation) and state into a single living entity. (...)
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  46. Scott Vrecko (2010). Birth of a Brain Disease: Science, the State and Addiction Neuropolitics. History of the Human Sciences 23 (4):52-67.score: 198.0
    This article critically interrogates contemporary forms of addiction medicine that are portrayed by policy-makers as providing a ‘rational’ or politically neutral approach to dealing with drug use and related social problems. In particular, it examines the historical origins of the biological facts that are today understood to provide a foundation for contemporary understandings of addiction as a ‘disease of the brain’. Drawing upon classic and contemporary work on ‘styles of thought’, it documents how, in the period between the mid-1960s and (...)
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  47. Peter Garik & Yann Benétreau-Dupin (forthcoming). Report on a Boston University Conference December 7–8, 2012 on 'How Can the History and Philosophy of Science Contribute to Contemporary US Science Teaching?'. Science and Education.score: 198.0
    This is an editorial report on the outcomes of an international conference sponsored by a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) (REESE-1205273) to the School of Education at Boston University and the Center for Philosophy and History of Science at Boston University for a conference titled: How Can the History and Philosophy of Science Contribute to Contemporary US Science Teaching? The presentations of the conference speakers and the reports of the working groups are (...)
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  48. Heinrich Rickert (1962). Science and History. Princeton, N.J.,Van Nostrand.score: 196.0
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  49. Aaron D. Cobb (2011). History and Scientific Practice in the Construction of an Adequate Philosophy of Science: Revisiting a Whewell/Mill Debate. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):85-93.score: 192.0
  50. Michael R. Matthews (1994). Science Teaching: The Role of History and Philosophy of Science. Routledge.score: 192.0
    History, Philosophy and Science Teaching argues that science teaching and science teacher education can be improved if teachers know something of the history and philosophy of science and if these topics are included in the science curriculum. The history and philosophy of science have important roles in many of the theoretical issues that science educators need to address: the goals of science education; what constitutes an appropriate science curriculum (...)
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