Search results for 'Scott A. Peterson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Scott A. Peterson & Tanja N. Gibson (2011). Implicit Attentional Orienting in a Target Detection Task with Central Cues. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1532-1547.score: 1320.0
  2. W. Peterson (1893). Principal Peterson's Indebtedness to Professor Frieze: A Reply. The Classical Review 7 (03):136-139.score: 1260.0
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  3. Robert A. Peterson, Gerald Albaum, Dwight Merunka, Jose Luis Munuera & Scott M. Smith (2010). Effects of Nationality, Gender, and Religiosity on Business-Related Ethicality. Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):573 - 587.score: 900.0
    Cross-national studies of business-related ethicality frequently have concluded that Americans possess higher ethical standards than non-Americans. These conclusions have generally been based on survey responses of relatively small convenience samples of individuals in a very limited number of countries. This article reports a study of the relationship between nationality and business-related ethicality based on survey responses from more than 6300 business students attending 120 colleges and universities in 36 countries. Two well-documented determinants of business ethics (gender and religiosity) were investigated (...)
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  4. Scott A. Peterson & Tony J. Simon (2000). Computational Evidence for the Subitizing Phenomenon as an Emergent Property of the Human Cognitive Architecture. Cognitive Science 24 (1):93-122.score: 870.0
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  5. Anna Peterson (2012). Kathy Rudy: Loving Animals: Toward a New Animal Advocacy. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):787-790.score: 600.0
    Kathy Rudy: Loving Animals: Toward a New Animal Advocacy Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s10806-011-9354-y Authors Anna Peterson, Department of Relilgion, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  6. Robert A. Peterson, Richard F. Beltramini & George Kozmetsky (1991). Concerns of College Students Regarding Business Ethics: A Replication. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (10):733 - 738.score: 600.0
    In 1984 we reported the results of surveying a nationwide sample of college students about selected business ethics issues. We concluded that (a) college students were in general concerned about the issues investigated and (b) female students were relatively more concerned than were male students. The present study replicated our earlier study and not only corroborated both of its conclusions, but also found a higher level of concern than had been observed previously.
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  7. Albert Somit & Steven A. Peterson (1996). Journal Response Time: A Case for Multiple Submission. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):533-534.score: 600.0
    Peer review poses many challenges for journals. A downside of high rejection rates and sometimes delayed responses in publication decision by journals is a long time period between original submission of a manuscript and its ultimate acceptance and publication. One way of accelerating the process which might be worth considering is multiple submission. This commentary addresses that issue.
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  8. Miriam F. Weismann, Christopher A. Buscaglia & Jason Peterson (forthcoming). The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: Why It Fails to Deter Bribery as a Global Market Entry Strategy. Journal of Business Ethics.score: 580.0
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  9. M. Peterson, A. Hollis & T. Pogge (2010). A Critique in Need of Critique. Public Health Ethics 3 (2):178-185.score: 540.0
    Is it really necessary to add something like the Health Impact Fund to the existing global patent system? We can divide this question into two parts. First, is there something seriously wrong with the status quo and, if so, what exactly is it? Second, how do we best go about solving the problem; that is, how does the design of the reform proposal address the flaws in the status quo? Jorn Sonderholm, in his critique of the Health Impact Fund, or (...)
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  10. Thomas R. Whittier, Steven G. Paulsen, David P. Larsen, Spencer A. Peterson, Alan T. Herlihy & Philip R. Kaufmann (2002). Indicators of Ecological Stress and Their Extent in the Population of Northeastern Lakes: A Regional-Scale Assessment Although Stressors Such as Nonnative Fish Introductions, Mercury Contamination, and Shoreline Alteration Are Not Generally Considered Subjects for Environmental Management, They Are as Widespread as Eutrophication, and More Extensive Than Acidification, in the Lakes of the Northeastern States. BioScience 52 (3):235-247.score: 540.0
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  11. A. Franklin, M. Anderson, D. Brock, S. Coleman, J. Downing, A. Gruvander, J. Lilly, J. Neal, D. Peterson, M. Price, R. Rice, L. Smith, S. Speirer & D. Toering (1989). Can a Theory-Laden Observation Test the Theory? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):229-231.score: 540.0
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  12. A. Townsend Peterson & David A. Vieglais (2001). Predicting Species Invasions Using Ecological Niche Modeling: New Approaches From Bioinformatics Attack a Pressing Problem A New Approach to Ecological Niche Modeling, Based on New Tools Drawn From Biodiversity Informatics, is Applied to the Challenge of Predicting Potential Species' Invasions. BioScience 51 (5):363-371.score: 540.0
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  13. Charles H. Peterson, Sean S. Anderson, Gary N. Cherr, Richard F. Ambrose, Shelly Anghera, Steven Bay, Michael Blum, Robert Condon, Thomas A. Dean & Monty Graham (2012). A Tale of Two Spills: Novel Science and Policy Implications of an Emerging New Oil Spill Model. BioScience 62 (5):461-469.score: 540.0
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  14. Elizabeth A. Peterson (2003). James R. Tanis, Ed., with Jennifer A. Thompson, Leaves of Gold: Manuscript Illumination From Philadelphia Collections. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2001. Pp. Xiv, 242; Color Frontispiece and Many Black-and-White and Color Figures. $55 (Cloth); $34.95 (Paper). [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (1):274-276.score: 540.0
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  15. A. Townsend Peterson & David A. Vieglais (2001). Predicting Species Invasions Using Ecological Niche Modeling: New Approaches From Bioinformatics Attack a Pressing Problem. BioScience 51 (5):363.score: 540.0
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  16. Richard Peterson (2010). Scientific Responsibility: A Quest for Good Science and Good Applications. In Science and Religion in Dialogue. Wiley-Blackwell. 429--435.score: 540.0
    This chapter contains sections titled: * 1 The Historical Cases of Hiroshima and Nagasaki * 2 “Physicists Have Known Sin?” – Reflections on the Manhattan Project * 3 The Human Dimensions of “Good Science” – Some Research and Teaching Perspectives * References.
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  17. Michael H. Thaut, David A. Peterson, Gerald C. McIntosh & Volker Hoemberg (2014). Music Mnemonics Aid Verbal Memory and Induce Learning €“ Related Brain Plasticity in Multiple Sclerosis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 540.0
  18. Virginia H. Dale, Linda A. Joyce, Steve McNulty, Ronald P. Neilson, Matthew P. Ayres, Michael D. Flannigan, Paul J. Hanson, Lloyd C. Irland, Ariel E. Lugo & Chris J. Peterson (2001). Overview Articles-a Special Section on Climate Change and Forest Ecosystems-Climate Change and Forest Disturbances. BioScience 51 (9):723-734.score: 540.0
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  19. Frederick H. Kresse, Robert M. Peterson & David A. Grant (1954). Multiple Response Transfer as a Function of Supplementary Training with Verbal Schematic Aids. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (5):381.score: 540.0
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  20. Donald J. Levis & Douglas A. Peterson (1990). The Assessment of Bodily Injury Fears Via the Behavioral Avoidance Slide Test: A Replication and Extension. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (1):19-22.score: 540.0
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  21. Elizabeth A. Peterson (2008). Marina Vidas, The Christina Psalter: A Study of the Images and Texts in a French Early Thirteenth-Century Illuminated Manuscript. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2006. Pp. 154 Plus 21 Black-and-White Figures and 20 Color Plates. $45. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (1):248-249.score: 540.0
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  22. Albert Somit & Steven A. Peterson (1985). Human Nature and Political Conflict: A Biopolitical View. Dialectics and Humanism 12 (3-4):95-108.score: 540.0
     
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  23. Thomas R. Whittier, Steven G. Paulsen, David P. Larsen, Spencer A. Peterson, Alan T. Herlihy & Philip R. Kaufmann (2002). Indicators of Ecological Stress and Their Extent in the Population of Northeastern Lakes: A Regional-Scale Assessment. BioScience 52 (3):235.score: 540.0
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  24. Johan E. Gustafsson & Martin Peterson (2012). A Computer Simulation of the Argument From Disagreement. Synthese 184 (3):387–405.score: 420.0
    In this paper we shed new light on the Argument from Disagreement by putting it to test in a computer simulation. According to this argument widespread and persistent disagreement on ethical issues indicates that our moral opinions are not influenced by any moral facts, either because no such facts exist or because they are epistemically inaccessible or inefficacious for some other reason. Our simulation shows that if our moral opinions were influenced at least a little bit by moral facts, we (...)
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  25. Martin Peterson (2010). A Royal Road to Consequentialism? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):153-169.score: 420.0
    To consequentialise a moral theory means to account for moral phenomena usually described in nonconsequentialist terms, such as rights, duties, and virtues, in a consequentialist framework. This paper seeks to show that all moral theories can be consequentialised. The paper distinguishes between different interpretations of the consequentialiser’s thesis, and emphasises the need for a cardinal ranking of acts. The paper also offers a new answer as to why consequentialising moral theories is important: This yields crucial methodological insights about how to (...)
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  26. Gregory R. Peterson (2009). A Hard Problem Indeed. Zygon 44 (1):19-29.score: 420.0
    Owen Flanagan's The Really Hard Problem provides a rich source of reflection on the question of meaning and ethics within the context of philosophical naturalism. I affirm the title's claim that the quest to find meaning in a purely physical universe is indeed a hard problem by addressing three issues: Flanagan's claim that there can be a scientific/empirical theory of ethics (eudaimonics), that ethics requires moral glue, and whether, in the end, Flanagan solves the hard problem. I suggest that he (...)
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  27. Daniel Peterson (2011). Qeauty and the Books: A Response to Lewis's Quantum Sleeping Beauty Problem. Synthese 181 (3):367-374.score: 420.0
    In his 2007 paper “Quantum Sleeping Beauty”, Peter Lewis poses a problem for the supporters’ of the Everett interpretation of quantum mechanics appeal to subjective probability. Lewis’s argument hinges on parallels between the traditional “sleeping beauty” problem in epistemology and a quantum variant. These two cases, Lewis argues, advocate different treatments of credences even though they share important epistemic similarities, leading to a tension between the traditional solution to the sleeping beauty problem (typically called the “thirder” solution) and Everettian quantum (...)
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  28. Martin Peterson (2011). A New Twist to the St. Petersburg Paradox. Journal of Philosophy 108 (12):697-699.score: 420.0
    In this paper I add a new twist to Colyvan's version of the Petrograd paradox.
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  29. Daniel J. Peterson (2006). Jacob Boehme and Paul Tillich: A Reassessment of the Mystical Philosopher and Systematic Theologian. Religious Studies 42 (2):225-234.score: 420.0
    Jacob Boehme, the seventeenth-century mystical philosopher, had a significant influence upon Paul Tillich. In this article I offer a reassessment of the relationship between these two thinkers by arguing for an orthodox interpretation of Boehme's doctrine of God that links him more closely with Tillich than recent commentators have suggested. Specifically, I show how Boehme and Tillich stand united against the heterodox Hegel in their presentation of a dynamic process of divinity's self-differentiation and reconciliation that completes itself apart from history (...)
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  30. Dane Peterson, Angela Rhoads & Bobby C. Vaught (2001). Ethical Beliefs of Business Professionals: A Study of Gender, Age and External Factors. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):225 - 232.score: 420.0
    The present study examined how ethical beliefs and external factors affecting ethical beliefs are related to age and gender of business professionals. The results indicated that business professionals in the younger age group exhibited a lower standard of ethical beliefs. In the younger age groups, the females demonstrated a higher level of ethical beliefs, while in the older age group, the results suggested that the males had a slightly higher level of ethical beliefs. With regards to the influence of external (...)
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  31. Gregory R. Peterson (2013). Is Eating Locally a Moral Obligation? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (2):421-437.score: 420.0
    Advocates of eating locally offer a wide range of arguments in favor of the practice, but their ethical import is not always clear. Some locavore statements and arguments seem to imply a strong form of moral obligation; that eating locally is not merely instrumental to some other good, but has intrinsic value in its own right. This article examines standard arguments on behalf of eating locally, including arguments linked to the value of small farms and agrarianism, the environment, taste and (...)
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  32. Robin T. Peterson (1992). The Depiction of Senior Citizens in Magazine Advertisements: A Content Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9):701 - 706.score: 420.0
    This study utilized a content analysis of magazine advertisements to measure the frequency that senior citizens were used as models in the advertisements and the extent to which they were presented in a desirable or undersirable light, relative to younger persons. A sample of consumer magazines was examined, in order to assess hypotheses related to the depiction of seniors by advertisers. The research results were analyzed and conclusions drawn which can be of potential value to marketers whose goods and services (...)
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  33. Norman Daniels, Sherry Glied, Mark Peterson & Uwe Reinhardt, American Values in Health Care: A Case of Cognitive Dissonance - Symposium on the Tanner Lecture on Human Values.score: 420.0
    Commentators on Uwe Reinhardt's Tanner Lecture. The Tanner Lectures are a collection of educational and scientific discussions relating to human values. Conducted by leaders in their fields, the lectures are presented at prestigious educational facilities around the world.
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  34. Robin T. Peterson (1994). Depiction of Idealized Youth Lifestyles in Magazine Advertisements: A Content Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (4):259 - 269.score: 420.0
    The study described in this manuscript examines the extent to which children are depicted as: (a) scholarly, and (b) non-scholarly in magazine advertisements and the degree to which children in the two classes were portrayed favorably or unfavorably. The study indicated that children were often depicted in roles that were not scholarly (such as athletics). Further, when children were depicted in scholarly roles, the portrayal was often negative. Implications based upon these findings are raised.
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  35. Robin T. Peterson (1998). The Portrayal of Children's Activities in Television Commercials: A Content Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (14):1541-1549.score: 420.0
    This study used a content analysis of television commercials to analyze the depiction of pre-teens and teens. It uncovered evidence that children are not often depicted in scholastic roles in the commercials. Further, it found that when children are shown in these roles, the portrayal is frequently not favorable. Various implications of the findings and recommendations to advertisers are set forth. Foremost among these is that television commercials do not seem to be assisting in forming positive attitudes toward scholastic activities. (...)
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  36. Ron Sun, Todd Peterson & Edward Merrill, A Bottom-Up Model of Skill Learning.score: 420.0
    We present a skill learning model CLARION. Different from existing models of high-level skill learning that use a topdown approach (that is, turning declarative knowledge into procedural knowledge), we adopt a bottom-up approach toward low-level skill learning, where procedural knowledge develops first and declarative knowledge develops later. CLAR- ION is formed by integrating connectionist, reinforcement, and symbolic learning methods to perform on-line learning. We compare the model with human data in a minefield navigation task. A match between the model and (...)
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  37. Dorrit Billman & Justin Peterson (1989). Critique of Structural Analysis in Modeling Cognition: A Case Study of Jackendoff's Theory. Philosophical Psychology 2 (3):283 – 296.score: 420.0
    Modeling cognition by structural analysis of representation leads to systematic difficulties which are not resolvable. We analyse the merits and limits of a representation-based methodology to modeling cognition by treating Jackendoff's Consciousness and the Computational Mind as a good case study. We note the effects this choice of methodology has on the view of consciousness he proposes, as well as a more detailed consideration of the computational mind. The fundamental difficulty we identify is the conflict between the desire for modular (...)
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  38. Martin Peterson (2004). From Outcomes to Acts: A Non-Standard Axiomatization of the Expected Utility Principle. Journal of Philosophical Logic 33 (4):361-378.score: 420.0
    This paper presents an axiomatization of the principle of maximizing expected utility that does not rely on the independence axiom or sure-thing principle. Perhaps more importantly the new axiomatization is based on an ex ante approach, instead of the standard ex post approach. An ex post approach utilizes the decision maker's preferences among risky acts for generating a utility and a probability function, whereas in the ex ante approach a set of preferences among potential outcomes are on the input side (...)
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  39. Robin T. Peterson & Douglas T. Ross (1997). A Content Analysis of the Portrayal of Mature Individuals in Television Commercials. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (4):425-433.score: 420.0
    This inquiry analyzed the extent to which television commercials used mature models, relative to younger models. It also analyzed the extent to which commercials portrayed the elderly in a favorable or an unfavorable manner. The study used content analysis to test twelve hypotheses. The authors arrived at conclusions relating to the depiction of mature individuals in television commercials and set forth various recommendations to advertisers, based on the analysis.
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  40. Roland Peterson & Sybe Terwee (1994). Can Functionalism Provide the Proper Basis for a Core Theory of Psychoanalysis? Philosophical Psychology 7 (4):463-469.score: 420.0
    Before embarking upon the project of reformulating psychoanalysis in the 'scientific' terminology of cognitive science, we should first clearly define what psychoanalysis is about and what it is not about. Cognitive science is based upon a functionalistic philosophy of the mind. As a consequence such a project would require a functionalistic core theory of psychoanalysis. But Freud's claim of the therapeutic effect of psychoanalysis, attained through the rendering conscious of what is unconscious or the making personal of what is experienced (...)
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  41. Anna L. Peterson (2006). Toward a Materialist Environmental Ethic. Environmental Ethics 28 (4):375-393.score: 420.0
    Environmental ethics has been dominated by an idealist logic that limits its positive impact on the natural world about which environmental philosophers care deeply. Environmental ethicists need to alter the ways we think and talk about what we value and the relations among ideas, values, and actions. Drawing on the sociology of religion and Marxian philosophy among other sources, a new approach may increase our understanding of how ideas are lived out and how we might increase the impact of our (...)
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  42. Rafaela Hillerbrand & Martin Peterson (2013). Nuclear Power is Neither Right Nor Wrong: The Case for a Tertium Datur in the Ethics of Technology. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):1-13.score: 420.0
    The debate over the civilian use of nuclear power is highly polarised. We argue that a reasonable response to this deep disagreement is to maintain that advocates of both camps should modify their positions. According to the analysis we propose, nuclear power is neither entirely right nor entirely wrong, but rather right and wrong to some degree. We are aware that this non-binary analysis of nuclear power is controversial from a theoretical point of view. Utilitarians, Kantians, and other moral theorists (...)
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  43. Ron Sun Todd Peterson, A Subsymbolic Symbolic Model for Learning Sequential Navigation.score: 420.0
    To deal with reactive sequential decision tasks we present a learning model Clarion which is a hybrid connectionist model consisting of both localist and dis tributed representations based on the two level ap proach proposed in Sun The model learns and utilizes procedural and declarative knowledge tapping into the synergy of the two types of processes It uni es neural reinforcement and symbolic methods to perform on line bottom up learning Experiments in various situations are reported that shed light on (...)
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  44. Clayton Peterson (2012). From a Geometrical Point of View: A Study of the History and Philosophy of Category Theory Jean-Pierre Marquis Springer Series, Logic, Epistemology and the Unity of Science 14, 2009, 310 Pp., $219.00 Cloth. [REVIEW] Dialogue 51 (2):333-335.score: 420.0
    Book Reviews Clayton peterson, Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie , FirstView Article(s).
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  45. Steven J. Armstrong, Elizabeth R. Peterson & Stephen G. Rayner (2012). Understanding and Defining Cognitive Style and Learning Style: A Delphi Study in the Context of Educational Psychology. Educational Studies 38 (4):449-455.score: 420.0
    This report outlines the findings from a Delphi study designed to establish consensus on the definitions of cognitive style and learning style amongst an international style researcher community. The study yields long-needed definitions for each construct that reflect high levels of agreement. In a field that has been criticised for a bewildering array of definitions and a proliferation of terms and concepts, this study represents an important step to address confusion in the meaning of the two terms. New researchers interested (...)
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  46. Martin Peterson (2013). A Generalization of the Pasadena Puzzle. Dialectica 67 (4):597-603.score: 420.0
    By generalizing the Pasadena puzzle introduced by Nover and Hájek (2004) we show that the sum total of value produced by an act can be made to converge to any real number by applying the Riemann rearrangement theorem, even if the scenario faced by the decision maker is non-probabilistic and fully predictable. A wide range of solutions put forward in the literature for solving the original puzzle cannot solve this generalized version of the Pasadena puzzle.
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  47. Todd Peterson, Some Experiments with a Hybrid Model for Learning Sequential Decision Making.score: 420.0
    To deal with sequential decision tasks we present a learning model Clarion which is a hybrid connectionist model consisting of both localist and distributed represen tations based on the two level approach proposed in Sun The model learns and utilizes procedural and declarative knowledge tapping into the synergy of the two types of processes It uni es neural reinforcement and symbolic methods to perform on line bottom up learning Experiments in various situations are reported that shed light on the working (...)
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  48. Jeffrey Burkhardt, Paul B. Thompson & Tarla Rae Peterson (2000). The First European Congress on Agricultural and Food Ethics and Follow-Up Workshop on Ethics and Food Biotechnology: A US Perspective. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 17 (4):327-332.score: 420.0
    The first European Congress on Agriculturaland Food Ethics was held at Wageningen University andResearch Center (WUR), Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 4–6, 1999. This was the inaugural conference forthe newly forming European Society for Agricultural andFood Ethics – EUR-SAFE – and around two hundredpeople from across Europe (and a handful of NorthAmericans) participated. Following theCongress/conference, a small (16 people), two-dayworkshop funded in part by the US National ScienceFoundation focused on similarities and differencesbetween the US and the EU regarding publicdiscourse/debate on food (...)
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  49. Eric Peterson & Stephanie F. Miller (2012). The Eyes Test as a Measure of Individual Differences: How Much of the Variance Reflects Verbal IQ? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 420.0
    Developed by Baron-Cohen and colleagues, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test requires individuals to determine mental states from photos of pairs of eyes. Used in over 250 studies, it has been conceptualized as an advanced theory of mind test that is relatively free of general cognitive abilities. Given the sensitivity of the instrument, many studies with healthy adult samples have used this instrument as a measure of individual differences in social perceptual processes that contribute to theory of mind (...)
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  50. Ron Sun & Todd Peterson, Some Experiments with a Hybrid Model for Learning Sequential Decision Making.score: 420.0
    To deal with reactive sequential decision tasks we present a learning model which is a hybrid connectionist model consisting of both localist and distributed representations based on the two level approach proposed in..
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