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Scott A. Shalkowski [23]Scott Shalkowski [6]
  1. Otavio Bueno & Scott Shalkowski (2016). Modal Epistemology. Routledge.
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  2. Scott A. Shalkowski (2015). Necessity, Worlds, and God. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), God, Truth, and Other Enigmas. De Gruyter 217-240.
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  3. Otávio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2014). Modalism and Theoretical Virtues: Toward an Epistemology of Modality. Philosophical Studies 172 (3):671-689.
    According to modalism, modality is primitive. In this paper, we examine the implications of this view for modal epistemology, and articulate a modalist account of modal knowledge. First, we discuss a theoretical utility argument used by David Lewis in support of his claim that there is a plurality of concrete worlds. We reject this argument, and show how to dispense with possible worlds altogether. We proceed to account for modal knowledge in modalist terms.
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  4. Otávio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2013). Logical Constants: A Modalist Approach 1. Noûs 47 (1):1-24.
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  5. Otavio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2013). On Second-Order Logic. Noûs 47 (1).
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  6. Scott A. Shalkowski (2012). Modal Integration. Philosophia Scientiae 16 (2):85-98.
    Chris Daly défend « l'explicationisme », la position selon laquelle l'inférence a la meilleure explication constitue une façon acceptable de justifier une théorie. Il la défend en tentant de justifier la position explicationiste par ses propres ressources, c'est-a-dire par elle-même. Je soutiens que dans le contexte de la métaphysique, cette défense échoue. L'explicationiste échoue à se justifier par ses propres ressources et l'une de ses premisses centrales ne peut pas être justifiée uniquement de façon externaliste.Chris Daly defends "explanationism", the view (...)
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  7. Scott Shalkowski (2010). IBE, GMR, and Metaphysical Projects. In Bob Hale & Aviv Hoffmann (eds.), Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology. Oxford University Press 167--187.
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  8. Otávio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2009). Modalism and Logical Pluralism. Mind 118 (470):295-321.
    Logical pluralism is the view according to which there is more than one relation of logical consequence, even within a given language. A recent articulation of this view has been developed in terms of quantification over different cases: classical logic emerges from consistent and complete cases; constructive logic from consistent and incomplete cases, and paraconsistent logic from inconsistent and complete cases. We argue that this formulation causes pluralism to collapse into either logical nihilism or logical universalism. In its place, we (...)
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  9. Scott Shalkowski (2008). Blackburn's Rejection of Modals. Philosophia Scientiae 12 (1):93-106.
    In this paper I present Simon Blackburn’s dilemma for truth conditional theories of modality and discuss its limitations. I discuss the nature of conceptual and argumentative circularity and argue that conceptual circularity does not apply to all of the main truth conditional theories of modality and that, likewise, argumentative circularity does not apply. There is nothing wrong, in principle, with theories of the modal in non-modal terms, but attending epistemological issues are significant and have been given too little attention. I (...)
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  10. Scott A. Shalkowski (2008). Essence and Being. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83 (62):49-63.
    In ‘Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence’ E. J. Lowe defends “serious essentialism”. Serious essentialism is the position that (a) everything has an essence, (b) essences are not themselves things, and (c) essences are the ground for metaphysical necessity and possi- bility. Lowe’s defence of serious essentialism is both metaphysical and epistemological. In what follows I use Lowe’s discussion as a point of departure for, first, adding some considerations for the plausi- bility of essentialismand, second, somework onmodal epistemology.
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  11. Otávio Bueno & Scott Shalkowski (2004). Modal Realism and Modal Epistemology: A Huge Gap. In Erik Weber Tim De Mey (ed.), Modal Epistemology. Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van Belgie Vor Wetenschappen En Kunsten 93--106.
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  12. Scott A. Shalkowski (2004). Logic and Absolute Necessity. Journal of Philosophy 101 (2):55-82.
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  13. Scott A. Shalkowski (2002). Review: Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (442):449-453.
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  14. Scott A. Shalkowski (2001). Atheistic Teleology. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):5-19.
    Wesley Salmon and Michael Martin argue that scientific considerations about the order in the universe justify atheism. After sketching Salmon’s argument, I examine the nature of begging the question and argue that Martin takes a sufficient condition of that fallacy to be a necessary condition. After a pragmatic account to the fallacy is recommended, I point out how Salmon’s and Martin’s beg the question against all save those who already adhere to atheism and that the crucial considerations that they take (...)
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  15. Otavio Bueno & Scott A. Shalkowski (2000). A Plea for a Modal Realist Epistemology. Acta Analytica 24 (24):175--194.
    In this paper we examine Lewis's attempts to provide an epistemology of modality and we argue that he fails to provide an account that properly weds his metaphysics with an epistemology that explains the knowledge of modality that both he and his critics grant. We argue that neither the appeals to acceptable paraphrases of ordinary modal discourse nor parallels with Platonistic theories of mathematics suffice. We conclude that no proper epistemology for modal realism has been provided and that one is (...)
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  16. Scott Shalkowski (1997). Essentialism and Absolute Necessity. Acta Analytica 12 (19):41-56.
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  17. Scott A. Shalkowski (1997). Theoretical Virtues and Theological Construction. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 41 (2):71-89.
  18. Scott A. Shalkowski (1996). Conventions, Cognitivism, and Necessity. American Philosophical Quarterly 33 (4):375 - 392.
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  19. Scott A. Shalkowski (1995). Ontology, Modality, and the Fallacy of Reference. Philosophical Review 104 (4):630-632.
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  20. Scott A. Shalkowski (1995). Semantic Realism. Review of Metaphysics 48 (3):511 - 538.
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  21. Scott A. Shalkowski (1994). Richard Swinburne, "Revelation". [REVIEW] International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (1):171.
     
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  22. Scott A. Shalkowski (1994). The Ontological Ground of the Alethic Modality. Philosophical Review 103 (4):669-688.
    This paper is concerned with the wholly metaphysical question of whether necessity and possibility rest on nonmodal foundations—whether the truth conditions for modal statements are, in the final analysis, nonmodal. It is argued that Lewis’s modal realism is either arbitrary and stipulative or else it is circular. Even if there were Lewisean possible worlds, they could not provide the grounds for modality. D. M. Armstrong’s combinatorial approach to possibility suffers from similar defects. Since more traditional reductions to cognitive or linguistic (...)
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  23. Scott Shalkowski & Robert Pargetter (1994). Danielson, Peter, Artificial Morality: Virtuous Robots for Virtual Games (London: Routledge, 1992) Pp. Xiv, 240, A $32.95 (Paper). [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (1).
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  24. Scott A. Shalkowski (1992). Evidentialism and Theology. Faith and Philosophy 9 (2):249-258.
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  25. Scott A. Shalkowski (1992). Supervenience and Causal Necessity. Synthese 90 (1):55-87.
    Causal necessity typically receives only oblique attention. Causal relations, laws of nature, counterfactual conditionals, or dispositions are usually the immediate subject(s) of interest. All of these, however, have a common feature. In some way, they involve the causal modality, some form of natural or physical necessity. In this paper, causal necessity is discussed with the purpose of determining whether a completely general empiricist theory can account for the causal in terms of the noncausal. Based on an examination of causal relations, (...)
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  26. Scott A. Shalkowski (1989). Atheological Apologetics. American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (1):1 - 17.
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  27. Scott A. Shalkowski (1987). Concepts and Correspondence. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (3):461-474.
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  28. Scott A. Shalkowski (1987). Correspondence Revisited. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (3):481-483.
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  29. Scott A. Shalkowski (1984). The Metaphysics of Modality: A Study in the Foundations of Necessity. Dissertation, University of Michigan
    In the past three decades there has been a rapid development of the formal machinery for modal logic. Quantified modal logic has developed along with a semantics and model theory that is appropriate to it. With this technical development there has been relatively little discussion of what modality is all about. There are two fundamental questions that have gone unanswered. First, to what does necessity amount? Is this a new logical notion, or is it something that can be further analyzed (...)
     
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