Search results for 'Sean O'Brien' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Seán O'Brien
  1.  20
    Sean O'Brien (1997). Video Tools for Teaching Ethics: Two Video Reviews by Sean O'Brien. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (2):120 – 122.
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  2.  54
    Lucy O'Brien, Final Version: O'Brien, L. F. , 'Solipsism and Self-Reference', European Journal of Philosophy 4:175-194.
    In this paper I want to propose that we see solipsism as arising from certain problems we have about identifying ourselves as subjects in an objective world. The discussion will centre on Wittgenstein’s treatment of solipsism in his Tractatus Logico- Philosophicus. In that work Wittgenstein can be seen to express an unusually profound understanding of the problems faced in trying to give an account of how we, who are subjects, identify ourselves as objects in the world. We have in his (...)
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  3.  3
    Mark O'Brien (2006). Global Unions? Theory and Strategies of Organised Labour in the Global Political Economy, Edited by Jeffrey Harrod and Robert O'Brien. Historical Materialism 14 (2):229-239.
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  4.  4
    Sean Marie O'Brien (1992). Fish Vs. Cls: A Defense of Critical Legal Theory. Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (1):64-73.
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  5.  9
    Gerard O'Brien & Jon Opie (2009). The Role of Representation in Computation. Cognitive Processing 10 (1):53-62.
  6. Lucy O'Brien (2007). Self-Knowing Agents. OUP Oxford.
    Lucy O'Brien argues that a satisfactory account of first-person reference and self-knowledge needs to concentrate on our nature as agents. Clearly written, with rigorous discussion of rival views, this book will be of interest to anyone working in the philosophy of mind and action.
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  7.  2
    C. Mortensen, G. Nerlich, G. Cullity & G. O'Brien, Philosophy at the University of Adelaide.
    Chris Mortensen, Graham Nerlich, Garrett Cullity and Gerard O'Brien.
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  8.  3
    Roderick O'Brien (2013). Julian Tenison Woods and Virtue. Australasian Catholic Record, The 90 (4):433.
    O'Brien, Roderick When we held the Woods Centenary Seminar in 1989, the local Naracoorte Herald gave us excellent publicity. I recall sitting with the editor, Richard Peake, as he was briefed by the great Sr Margaret Press, assisted by Fr Kevin Horsell, the parish priest of Bordertown who brought his scientific background, and by me. The editor asked the question: 'If Mary MacKillop is to be canonised, why not Woods?'.
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  9.  4
    G. O'Brien & J. Opie, The Multiplicity of Consciousness and the Emergence of Self.
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  10.  79
    Dan O'Brien (2006). An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. Polity Press.
    An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge guides the reader through the key issues and debates in contemporary epistemology. Lucid, comprehensive and accessible, it is an ideal textbook for students who are new to the subject and for university undergraduates. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the concept of knowledge and distinguishes between different types of knowledge. Part II surveys the sources of knowledge, considering both a priori and a posteriori knowledge. Parts III and IV provide (...)
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  11. Dan O'Brien (2006). An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. Polity.
    _An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge_ guides the reader through the key issues and debates in contemporary epistemology. Lucid, comprehensive and accessible, it is an ideal textbook for students who are new to the subject and for university undergraduates. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the concept of knowledge and distinguishes between different types of knowledge. Part II surveys the sources of knowledge, considering both _a priori_ and _a posteriori_ knowledge. Parts III and IV provide (...)
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  12. Catherine O'Brien (2016). Education for Sustainable Happiness and Well-Being. Routledge.
    In this innovative and cogent presentation of her concept of sustainable happiness, Catherine O’Brien outlines how the leading recommendations for transforming education can be integrated within a vision of _well-being for all_. Solution-focused, the book demonstrates how aspects of this vision are already being realized, and the potential for accelerating education transitions that enable people and ecosystems to flourish. Each chapter assists educators to understand how to apply the lessons learned, both personally and professionally. The aim is to support educators (...)
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  13.  66
    David P. O'Brien (2009). Human Reasoning Includes a Mental Logic. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):96-97.
    Oaksford & Chater (O&C) have rejected logic in favor of probability theory for reasons that are irrelevant to mental-logic theory, because mental-logic theory differs from standard logic in significant ways. Similar to O&C, mental-logic theory rejects the use of the material conditional and deals with the completeness problem by limiting the scope of its procedures to local sets of propositions.
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  14.  13
    Gerard O'Brien & Jon Opie (2001). Sins of Omission and Commission. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):997-998.
    O'Regan & Noë (O&N) fail to address adequately the two most historically important reasons for seeking to explain visual experience in terms of internal representations. They are silent about the apparently inferential nature of perception, and mistaken about the significance of the phenomenology accompanying dreams, hallucinations, and mental imagery.
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  15. Carl O'Brien (forthcoming). Dramatic devices and philosophical content in Plato's Symposium. Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental.
    O Banquete de Platão serve-se de recursos dramáticos diversos, tais como a história-moldura, a organização dos discursos e o ensino de Diotima enquanto meios de orientação do leitor pela mensagem filosófica subjacente, a qual inclui um exame do sistema socrático de educação. Os discípulos de Sócrates demonstram notável entusiasmo pela filosofia, mas parecem incapazes de distinguir o amor por Sócrates do amor pela sabedoria. Agatão ocupa posição de destaque: devido a um trocadilho com o seu nome, a jornada do jantar (...)
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  16. Mahon O'Brien (2011). The Future of Humanity: Heidegger, Personhood and Technology. Comparative Philosophy 2 (2):23-49.
    This paper argues that a number of entrenched posthumanist positions are seriously flawed as a result of their dependence on a technical interpretive approach that creates more problems than it solves. During the course of our discussion we consider in particular the question of personhood. After all, until we can determine what it means to be a person we cannot really discuss what it means to improve a person. What kinds of enhancements would even constitute improvements? This in turn leads (...)
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  17. Matthew B. O'Brien (2012). Why Liberal Neutrality Prohibits Same-Sex Marriage: Rawls, Political Liberalism, and the Family. British Journal of American Legal Studies 1 (2):411-466.
    John Rawls’s political liberalism and its ideal of public reason are tremendously influential in contemporary political philosophy and in constitutional law as well. Many, perhaps even most, liberals are Rawlsians of one stripe or another. This is problematic, because most liberals also support the redefinition of civil marriage to include same-sex unions, and as I show, Rawls’s political liberalism actually prohibits same- sex marriage. Recently in Perry v. Schwarzenegger, however, California’s northern federal district court reinterpreted the traditional rational basis review (...)
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  18. Ali M. Quazi & Dennis O'Brien (2000). An Empirical Test of a Cross-National Model of Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 25 (1):33-51.
    Most models of corporate social responsibility revolve around the controversy as to whether business is a single dimensional entity of profit maximization or a multi-dimensional entity serving greater societal interests. Furthermore, the models are mostly descriptive in nature and are based on the experiences of western countries. There has been little attempt to develop a model that accounts for corporate social responsibility in diverse environments with differing socio-cultural and market settings. In this paper an attempt has been made to fill (...)
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  19.  55
    Lucy O'Brien (2007). Self-Knowing Agents. Oxford University Press.
    * Fascinating topic in the philosophy of mind and action * Changes the focus of, and gives fresh momentum to, current discussions of self-identification and self-reference * Rigorous discussion of rival views Lucy OBrien argues that a satisfactory account of first-person reference and self-knowledge needs to concentrate on our nature as agents. She considers two main questions. First, what account of first-person reference can we give that respects the guaranteed nature of such reference? Second, what account can we give of (...)
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  20.  74
    Kelli S. O'brien (forthcoming). Book Review: The Human Being: Jesus and the Enigma of the Son of the Man. [REVIEW] Interpretation 57 (4):454-455.
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  21.  87
    Julia Myers O'Brien (forthcoming). Book Review: Malachi. [REVIEW] Interpretation 53 (2):197-198.
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  22. Liz O'Brien (forthcoming). Social Research Group Forest Research Farnham Surrey GU10 4LH. Social Research.
     
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  23.  62
    W. O'Brien (2014). Boredom. Analysis 74 (2):236-244.
    The author proposes an analysis of boredom. The analysis he proposes is that boredom is an unpleasant mental state consisting of weariness, restlessness, and lack of interest, where certain causal relations exist among the components. He goes on to elaborate on and defend his analysis, concluding with some thoughts on the idea that boredom has some grand metaphysical significance.
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  24.  5
    Daniel Morgan & Lucy O'Brien (2016). Getting Out of Your Head: Addiction and the Motive of Self‐Escape. Mind and Language 31 (3):314-334.
    This article explores and defends the claim that addictive desires—for alcohol in particular—are partly explained by the motive of self-escape. We consider how this claim sits with the neurophysiological explanation of the strength of addictive desires in terms of the effect addictive substances have on the dopamine system. We argue that nothing in the neuroscientific framework rules out pluralism about the causes of addictive desire.
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  25.  90
    Lucy O'Brien (2005). Imagination and the Motivational View of Belief. Analysis 65 (1):55--62.
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  26.  39
    Lucy O'Brien (2015). Ambulo Ergo Sum. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 76:57-75.
    It is an extraordinary thing that Descartes' famous Cogito argument is still being puzzled over; this paper is another fragment in an untiring tradition of puzzlement. The paper will argue that, if I were to ask the question the Cogito could provide for a positive answer. In particular, my aim in this is to argue, in opposition to recent discussion by John Campbell, that there is a way of construing conscious thinking on which the Cogito can be seen to provide (...)
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  27. Jonathan Opie & Gerard O'Brien (2004). Notes Toward a Structuralist Theory of Mental Representation. In Hugh Clapin, Phillip Staines & Peter Slezak (eds.), Representation in Mind: New Approaches to Mental Representation. Elsevier 1--20.
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  28.  99
    Julia M. O'Brien (forthcoming). Book Review: Disturbing Divine Behavior: Troubling Old Testament Images of God. [REVIEW] Interpretation 65 (2):210-211.
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  29.  91
    Julia M. O'Brien (forthcoming). Book Review: Hosea. [REVIEW] Interpretation 61 (2):226-226.
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  30.  17
    F. Gregory Ashby & Jeffrey B. O'Brien (2005). Category Learning and Multiple Memory Systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):83-89.
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  31. Gerard O'Brien & Jonathan Opie (1999). A Defense of Cartesian Materialism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (4):939-63.
    One of the principal tasks Dennett sets himself in C onsciousness Explained i s to demolish the Cartesian theatre model of phenomenal consciousness, which in its contemporary garb takes the form of C artesian materialism : the idea that conscious experience is a p rocess of presentation realized in the physical materials of the brain. The now standard response to Dennett is that, in focusing on Cartesian materialism, he attacks an impossibly naive account of consciousness held by no one currently (...)
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  32. Gerard O'Brien & Jonathan Opie (2004). Notes Toward a Structuralist Theory of Mental Representation. In Hugh Clapin (ed.), Representation in Mind. Elsevier 1--20.
    Any creature that must move around in its environment to find nutrients and mates, in order to survive and reproduce, faces the problem of sensorimotor control. A solution to this problem requires an on-board control mechanism that can shape the creature’s behaviour so as to render it “appropriate” to the conditions that obtain. There are at least three ways in which such a control mechanism can work, and Nature has exploited them all. The first and most basic way is for (...)
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  33. Martin D. S. Braine & David P. O'brien (2001). Mental Logic. Studia Logica 68 (2):297-299.
     
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  34.  69
    Lucy O'Brien & Matthew Soteriou (eds.) (2009). Mental Actions. Oxford University Press.
    The twelve specially written essays in this volume investigate the neglected topic of mental action, and show its importance for the metaphysics, epistemology, and phenomenology of mind. The essays investigate what mental actions are, how we are aware of them, and what is the relationship between mental and physical action.
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  35.  58
    Kevin John O'Brien (forthcoming). Revelation 5:1–14. Interpretation 53 (2):177-181.
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  36. Lucy F. O'Brien (2005). Self-Knowledge, Agency, and Force. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):580–601.
    My aim in this paper is to articulate further what may be called an agency theory of self-knowledge. Many theorists have stressed how important agency is to self- knowledge, and much work has been done drawing connections between the two notions.<sup>2</sup> However, it has not always been clear what _epistemic_ advantage agency gives us in this area and why it does so. I take it as a constraint on an adequate account of how a subject knows her own mental states (...)
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  37. Lucy F. O'Brien (2005). Imagination and the Motivational Role of Belief. Analysis 65 (285):55-62.
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  38. Lucy F. O'Brien (2003). Moran on Agency and Self-Knowledge. European Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):391-401.
  39. Lucy F. O'Brien (1996). Solipsism and Self-Reference. European Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):175-194.
    In this paper I want to propose that we see solipsism as arising from certain problems we have about identifying ourselves as subjects in an objective world. The discussion will centre on Wittgenstein.
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  40.  37
    Lucy O'Brien (2013). Obsessive Thoughts and Inner Voices. Philosophical Issues 23 (1):93-108.
  41.  9
    Murray Joseph Casey, Richard O'Brien, Marc Rendell & Todd Salzman (2012). Ethical Dilemma of Mandated Contraception in Pharmaceutical Research at Catholic Medical Institutions. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):34 - 37.
    The Catholic Church proscribes methods of birth control other than sexual abstinence. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recognizes abstinence as an acceptable method of birth control in research studies, some pharmaceutical companies mandate the use of artificial contraceptive techniques to avoid pregnancy as a condition for participation in their studies. These requirements are unacceptable at Catholic health care institutions, leading to conflicts among institutional review boards, clinical investigators, and sponsors. Subjects may feel coerced by such mandates to (...)
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  42.  52
    Peter O'brien, Nick Osbaldiston & Gavin Kendall (2013). ePortfolios and eGovernment: From Technology to the Entrepreneurial Self. Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (3):1-12.
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  43.  12
    Mark Collard, Briggs Buchanan, April Ruttle & Michael J. O'Brien (2011). Niche Construction and the Toolkits of Hunter–Gatherers and Food Producers. Biological Theory 6 (3):251-259.
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  44. Gerard O'Brien (1998). The Mind: Embodied, Embedded, but Not Extended. Philosophical Explorations 7:8-83.
    This commentry focuses on the one major ecumenical theme propounded in Andy Clark's Being There that I find difficult to accept; this is Clark’s advocacy, especially in the third and final part of the book, of the extended nature of the embedded, embodied mind.
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  45. Jonathan Opie & Gerard O'Brien (1999). A Connectionist Theory of Phenomenal Experience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):127-148.
    When cognitive scientists apply computational theory to the problem of phenomenal consciousness, as many of them have been doing recently, there are two fundamentally distinct approaches available. Either consciousness is to be explained in terms of the nature of the representational vehicles the brain deploys; or it is to be explained in terms of the computational processes defined over these vehicles. We call versions of these two approaches _vehicle_ and _process_ theories of consciousness, respectively. However, while there may be space (...)
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  46.  3
    G. O'Brien & J. Opie, How Do Connectionist Networks Compute?
    Although connectionism is advocated by its proponents as an alternative to the classical computational theory of mind, doubts persist about its computational credentials. Our aim is to dispel these doubts by explaining how connectionist networks compute. We first develop a generic account of computation—no easy task, because computation, like almost every other foundational concept in cognitive science, has resisted canonical definition. We opt for a characterisation that does justice to the explanatory role of computation in cognitive science. Next we examine (...)
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  47.  7
    R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & William A. Brock (2014). Mapping Collective Behavior in the Big-Data Era. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):63-76.
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  48.  15
    Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman‐House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao‐Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, Leroy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart (2003). Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy. Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  49.  83
    Lucy F. O'Brien (2003). On Knowing One's Own Actions. In Johannes Roessler & Naomi M. Eilan (eds.), Agency and Self-Awareness. Clarendon Press
    Book description: * Seventeen brand-new essays by leading philosophers and psychologists * Genuinely interdisciplinary work, at the forefront of both fields * Includes a valuable introduction, uniting common threads Leading philosophers and psychologists join forces to investigate a set of problems to do with agency and self-awareness, in seventeen specially written essays. In recent years there has been much psychological and neurological work purporting to show that consciousness and self-awareness play no role in causing actions, and indeed to demonstrate that (...)
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  50.  38
    L. O'Brien (forthcoming). Self-Knowledge, Agency and Inner Voices. Philosophical Issues.
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