Search results for 'Secularism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Tuncay Saygin (2008). SECULARISM” FROM THE LAST YEARS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE TO THE EARLY TURKISH REPUBLIC. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (20):26-78.
    The main aim of this article is to discuss both the concept of secularism among the Ottoman intellectuals and the principle of secularism during the period of the Turkish Republic based on ideas rather than practice. We can analyze “secularism in Turkey” in two separate periods of time: First, “The Ottoman Empire and Secularism” which discusses the ideas of secularism before the foundation of the Turkish Republic, and second “A Brief Analysis of the Turkish Republic (...)
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  2.  2
    Ian James Kidd (2013). A Phenomenological Challenge to 'Enlightened Secularism'. Religious Studies 49 (3):377-398.
    This article challenges Philip Kitcher’s recent proposals for an ‘enlightened secularism’. I use William James’s theory of the emotions and his related discussion of ‘temperaments’ to argue that religious and naturalistic commitments are grounded in tacit, inarticulate ways that one finds oneself in a world. This indicates that, in many cases, religiosity and naturalism are grounded not in rational and evidential considerations, but in a tacit and implicit sense of reality which is disclosed through phenomenological enquiry. Once the foundational (...)
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  3.  1
    Yuval Jobani (2016). The Lure of Heresy: A Philosophical Typology of Hebrew Secularism in the First Half of the Twentieth Century. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 24 (1):95-121.
    _ Source: _Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 95 - 121 Contemporary study of Jewish secularism in the Modern era has yielded a nuanced picture of Hebrew secularism. This article analyzes the emergence of a rich and diverse cultural infrastructure of Hebrew secularism in the first half of the twentieth century from a philosophical perspective, proposing a typology of models of Hebrew secularism. These models are characterized by their attitudes to what, following Charles Taylor, can be referred (...)
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  4.  8
    Robert Daniel Rubin (2010). The New Christian Right and the Death of Secularism as Neutrality in the United States. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 5 (13):68-77.
    Over recent years religious conservatives in the United States have fervently contested the idea of a liberal, secular public sphere. This article urges scholars to consider that contest in light of the history of the New Christian Right (NCR) of the late 1970s and 1980s. NCR activists, intellectuals, lawyers, and government officials advanced a critique of Rawlsian political liberalism, one charging that public institutions were not the bastions of neutrality supposed by American liberals. Contrary to the U.S. Constitution’s ban on (...)
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  5. Raja Bahlul (2004). Democracy Without Secularism? In John Bunzl (ed.), Islam, Judaism, and the Political Role of Religions in the Middle East. University of Florida Press 99-118.
    The object of this paper is to present and discuss the way democracy is conceived of by some prominent Islamic thinkers. Their position is that democracy, rightly understood, is simply a method of dispensing, sharing, and managing political authority, and as such does not imply secularism or other values and practices that are associated with liberalism. This paper is conceived of within a broader project to theorize the relations (actual and possible) between Islam, democracy, and modernity.
     
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  6.  17
    P. B. Cliteur (2010). The Secular Outlook: In Defense of Moral and Political Secularism. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Atheism, agnosticism, and theism -- Freethought I : criticism of religion -- Freethought II : freedom of expression -- Moral and political secularism.
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  7. Antony Kalliath & Jacob Parappally (2010). Indian Secularism Threatened! A Christian Response. Journal of Dharma 35 (2):171-182.
    Indian Secularism is different from the understanding of Secularism in the West. In India the concept of secularism is understood not as a separation of State and Religion but the recognition, protection and support of all religions by the State without any discrimination. Though Hinduism is the religion of about 80% Indians it is not a State religion. In the recent past some Hindu fundamentalist groups are trying to destroy the pluralist culture and multi-religious ethos of India (...)
     
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  8. Gideon Katz (2011). The Pale God: Israeli Secularism and Spinoza's Philosopy of Culture. Academic Studies Press.
    The Pale God examines the relationship between secularism and religious tradition. It begins with a description of the secular options as expressed by Israeli intellectuals, and describes how these options have led to a dead end. A new option must be sought, and one of the key sources for this option is the works of Spinoza. The author explains that unlike Nietzsche, who discussed "the death of God," Spinoza tried to undermine the authority of religious virtuosos and establish the (...)
     
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  9. ʻĀlam K̲h̲vundmīrī (2001). Secularism, Islam and Modernity: Selected Essays of Alam Khundmiri. Sage.
    This book uses the writings of Syed Alam Khundmiri to look at issues such as: Islamic traditionalism in the context of meodernization; Islamic theology and politics; and Western and Indian notions of secularism.
     
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  10. Domenic Marbaniang (2009). Perspectives on Indian Secularism. Google Books.
    Perspectives on Indian Secularism condemned it and wished to make a clean sweep of it. Almost always it seemed to stand for blind belief and reaction, ...
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  11.  89
    Domenic Marbaniang (2009). Secularism in India: Historical Outline. Google Books.
    Secularism in India SECULARISM IN PRE-COLONIAL PERIOD Secularism in India is not something totally new. Its roots can be found in a history that traces back ...
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  12. John S. Wilkins (2010). The Role of Secularism in Protecting Religion. In Warren Bonett (ed.), The Australian Book of Atheism. Embiggen Books
  13.  8
    Salvatore Veca (2009). An Interpretation of Secularism. Rivista di Filosofia 1 (1):23-42.
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  14.  2
    Domenico Melidoro (2012). Foreword. Limits and Perspectives of Secularism. Iride 25 (2):331-334.
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  15.  1
    Neera Chandhoke (2012). Re-Presenting Secularism. Iride 25 (2):335-348.
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  16. M. H. Beg (1985). Impact of Secularism on Life and Law: The Third Motilal Nehru Memorial Lectures. People's Pub. House.
     
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  17. K. D. Prithipaul (1994). Reason, Law and the Limits of Indian Secularism. International Institute of Indian Studies.
     
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  18. Brij Gopal Tiwari (1964). Secularism and Materialism in Modern India. Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass.
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  19. Nils Holtug (2011). Nationalism, Secularism and Liberal Neutrality: The Danish Case of Judges and Religious Symbols. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 6 (2):107-125.
    In 2009, a law was passed in the Danish parliament, according to which judges cannot wear religious symbols in courts of law. First, I trace the development of this legislation from resistance to Muslim religious practices on the nationalist right to ideas in mainstream Danish politics about secularism and state neutrality – a process I refer to as ‘liberalization’. Second, I consider the plausibility of such liberal justifications for restrictions on religious symbols in the public sphere and, in particular, (...)
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  20.  1
    William E. Connolly (2000). Why I Am Not a Secularist. Univ of Minnesota Press.
    But in Why I Am Not a Secularist, distinguished political theorist William E. Connolly argues that secularism, although admirable in its pursuit of freedom and diversity, too often undercuts these goals through its narrow and intolerant ...
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  21.  25
    Hava Tirosh-Samuelson (2012). Transhumanism as a Secularist Faith. Zygon 47 (4):710-734.
    In the second half of the twentieth century, humanism— namely, the worldview that underpinned Western thought for several centuries—has been severely critiqued by philosophers who highlighted its theoretical and ethical limitations. Inspired by the emergence of cybernetics and new technologies such as robotics, prosthetics, communications, artificial intelligence, genetic engineering, and nanotechnology, there has been a desire to articulate a new worldview that will fit the posthuman condition. Posthumanism is a description of a new form of human existence in which the (...)
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  22. Veit Bader (2008). Secularism or Democracy?: Associational Governance of Religious Diversity. Amsterdam University Press.
    Policies dealing with religious diversity in liberal democratic states—as well as the established institutions that enforce those policies—are increasingly under pressure. Politics and political theory are caught in a trap between the fully secularized state and neo-corporate regimes of selective cooperation between states and organized religion. This volume proposes an original, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary approach to problems of governing religious diversity—combining moral and political philosophy, constitutional law, history, sociology, and religious anthropology. Drawing on such diverse scholarship, _Secularism or Democracy?_ proposes (...)
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  23.  14
    John C. Caiazza (2005). Athens, Jerusalem, and the Arrival of Techno-Secularism. Zygon 40 (1):9-21.
    . Western civilization historically has tried to balance secular knowledge with revealed religion. Science is the modern world's version of secular knowledge and resists the kind of integration achieved by Augustine and Aquinas. Managing the conflict between religion and evolution by containing them in separate “frames,” as Stephen J. Gould suggested, does not resolve the issue. Science may have displaced religion from the public square, but the traditional science‐religion conflict has become threadbare in intellectual terms. Scientific theories have become increasingly (...)
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  24.  41
    Lawrence Blum (2010). Secularism, Multiculturalism and Same-Sex Marriage: A Comment on Brenda Almond's 'Education for Tolerance'. Journal of Moral Education 39 (2):145-160.
    Although Almond argues that the contemporary West has lost touch with the value of tolerance, I argue that that value applied to those of different religions and sexual orientations is too minimal a standard for a pluralistic society. I suggest, in the spirit of the work of Charles Taylor and Tariq Modood, the more robust standard of respect and acceptance. In addition, I have criticised Almond?s privileging of parental values over school values, seeing in that privileging a failure to recognise (...)
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  25. George Kateb (2009). Locke and the Political Origins of Secularism. Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (4):1001-1034.
    The paper tries to show the importance of the writings of John Locke in preparing the way for secularism. He provides a theory for disentangling religion and the state for several main reasons, including the avoidance of religious persecution of minorties; the avoidance of civil strife; and the need to leave it to individuals to work out their own salvation by exercising their conscience free of state interference. Locke is a creative theorist; his creativity shows itself in the new (...)
     
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  26. Janet R. Jakobsen & Ann Pellegrini (2009). Obama's Neo-New Deal: Religion, Secularism, and Sex in Political Debates Now. Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (4):1227-1254.
    The "religious and secular divide" cannot be understood unless we think about the way sex gets mobilized on both sides of this supposed divide. In our joint writing, we have resisted thinking of the religious and the secular as a divide; we have rather been interested to think them relationally—as relations. Thus, the larger suggestion of this paper is that we cannot truly imagine and practice democratic politics—to name some keywords for this discussion—unless we rethink the relations between sex, (...), and religion. (shrink)
     
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  27. Ann Pellegrini (2009). "Religion, Secularism, and a Democratic Politics of" As If". Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (4):1345-1350.
    "The religious" and "the secular" are often posed as a divide; a narrative which poses religion and secularism as antagonists. This long-standing habit of thought remains active in the contemporary United States, polarizing public debates and generating misunderstanding. Are there other ways of talking about and enacting the relations between "religion" and "secularism" that can avoid balkanization and stereotypification? This paper examines the need to complicate the terms of the secularization narrative that we have inherited from the Enlightenment, (...)
     
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  28.  27
    Leonard Angel (2009). Quintuple Extension: Mind, Body, Humanism, Religion, Secularism. Zygon 44 (3):699-718.
    Extension of the system that includes the key substrates for sensation, perception, emotion, volition, and cognition, and all representational sources for cognition, supports the view that there is an extended mind and an extended body. These intellectual views can be made practical in a humanist system based on extensions and in religious systems based on extensions. Independently, there is also an institutional extension of secularism. Hence, I maintain, there are five principal forms of extension.
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  29.  41
    Adrian Pabst, The Secularism of Post-Secularity: Religion, Realism and the Revival of Grand Theory in IR.
    How to theorise religion in International Relations (IR)? Does the concept of post-secularity advance the debate on religion beyond the ‘return of religion’ and the crisis of secular reason? This article argues that the post-secular remains trapped in the logic of secularism. First, a new account is provided of the ‘secularist bias’ that characterises mainstream IR theory: (a) defining religion in either essentialist or epiphenomenal terms; (b) positing a series of ‘antagonistic binary opposites’ such as the secular versus the (...)
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  30.  43
    N. Hashemi (2010). The Multiple Histories of Secularism: Muslim Societies in Comparison. Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (3-4):325-338.
    This article is intended to advance conceptual clarity on the topic of secularism in Muslim societies. It seeks to uncover unique historical developments that have influenced and shaped debate on this topic. In the first part, a distinction is made between the different social scientific categories of secularism, focusing on the philosophical, sociological and political dimensions of secularism. The second section provides a broad overview of the different histories of political secularism, and focuses on the two (...)
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  31.  20
    Y. Jansen (2011). Postsecularism, Piety and Fanaticism: Reflections on Jurgen Habermas' and Saba Mahmood's Critiques of Secularism. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (9):977-998.
    This article analyses how recent critiques of secularism in political philosophy and cultural anthropology might productively be combined and contrasted with each other. I will show that Jürgen Habermas' postsecularism takes insufficient account of elementary criticisms of secularism on the part of anthropologists such as Talal Asad and Saba Mahmood. However, I shall also criticize Saba Mahmood’s reading of secularism by arguing that, in the end, she replaces the secular–religious divide with a secularity–piety divide; for example, in (...)
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  32.  3
    Simon Glendinning (2009). Japheth's World: The Rise of Secularism and the Revival of Religion Today. The European Legacy 14 (4):409-426.
    This essay explores what it means to say that we live today in ?a secular age.? A distinction between two kinds of secularism is introduced and the proposal is made that the secularity that characterises our age belongs to a distinctively Graeco-Christian heritage. This proposal is elaborated and developed in the context of the Nietzschean pronouncement of the death of God and against the background of the decline in theodicial conceptions of history. However, rather than see these issues as (...)
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  33.  59
    Wes Morriston (2011). Is Goodness Without God Good Enough? A Debate on Faith, Secularism, and Ethics. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (1):85-89.
    Is goodness without god good enough? A debate on faith, secularism, and ethics Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11153-010-9243-8 Authors Wes Morriston, University of Colorado, Boulder Department of Philosophy Boulder CO 80309-0232 USA Journal International Journal for Philosophy of Religion Online ISSN 1572-8684 Print ISSN 0020-7047.
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  34.  7
    Janusz Kuczyński (2007). Part I: 7–8/2007 New Stage of Religious and Secular Universalisms: The Complementarity of Secular and Sacred Emerged From Historical Dialectics and the Spirit of Dialogue — Towards Metanoia and the Meanings of History; Part II: 12/2007: II. The Long Birth and Formation of Humanistic Secularism and the Breakthrough to New Universalism—Through Complementary Acceptance of Secularity and Sacrality. [REVIEW] Dialogue and Universalism 17 (12):139-147.
    1. The birth of dialogue from the spirit of the Polish October political uprising: From social civil war and simple exclusions (even physical) to negotiations andcomplicated “Dialogue of Contradictions” within national entity. Almost 25 years before the much later birth and international triumph of the Solidarity Union, the “Polish October” of 1956, history’s first victorious anti-Stalinist political uprising and most certainly a historical milestone for Poland—if not all of Europe—was the main harbinger of change in all fundamental spheres of life.2. (...)
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  35.  20
    Haggag Ali (2013). Secularism. Cultura 10 (1):85-98.
    In contemporary Western and Arab cultural critique, secularism as a worldview is believed to have experienced inherent transformations from solid rationalmaterialism (the emphasis on reason, science, progress, emancipation, industrialization, and nation building) to liquid non-rational materialism (the celebrationof the body, sex, global markets and consumption). This paper explores the arguments of both Zygmunt Bauman and Abdelwahab Elmessiri who advocate this thesis in the light of the major manifestations of these transformations.
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  36.  12
    Kai Nielsen (1998). On Being a Secularist All the Way Down. Philo 1 (2):6-21.
    I explicate and argue for a way of looking at life, and responding to it, that is uncompromisingly secularist. It is an atheism and a social naturalism: a distinctive form of naturalism that I argue answers better than religious orientations or “scientific” forms of naturalism to both our cognitive interests and to our moral and political and other affective interests. It is a thoroughly anti-metaphysical naturalism rejecting metaphysical realism and physicalism without taking an antirealistor dualist turn. How it is a (...)
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  37.  5
    Meg Wallace (2014). Secularism: They Just Don't Get It! Australian Humanist, The 115:19.
    Wallace, Meg Once again, Fiji church leaders have raised objections to the establishment of a secular state based on erroneous representations of what secularism means - this time in Fiji. In what seems to be the first salvo in an election campaign leading up to the 2014 elections there, senior Catholic and Protestant clerics have come out against provisions in the recently adopted Constitution that declares Fiji a secular state, in which religion is deemed 'personal'. It was reported (...)
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  38.  10
    Carlos Arboleda Mora (2013). Ghetto or crusade: desecularize the secularism. Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 29:167-188.
    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo mostrar lo que es una sana laicidad en la sociedad actual pluralista, multicultural, democrática y diversa. En primer lugar se presentan dos tentaciones de la iglesia hoy: refugiarse en el ghetto y cerrarse al mundo dando razón a los fundamentalistas laicos que la consideran como algo privado, o salir a la cruzada a imponer sus creencias y su mensaje. Luego se analiza el proceso histórico de formación del pluralismo, de la laicidad y de la libertad (...)
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  39.  14
    Rex Ahdar (2013). Is Secularism Neutral? Ratio Juris 26 (3):404-429.
    This article argues that secularism is not neutral. Secularization is a process, the secular state is a structure, whereas secularism is a political philosophy. Secularism takes two main forms: first, a “benevolent” secularism that endeavours to treat all religious and nonreligious belief systems even-handedly, and, second, a “hostile” kind that privileges unbelief and excludes religion from the public sphere. I analyze the European Court of Human Rights decision in Lautsi v Italy, which illustrates these types. The (...)
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  40.  15
    S. J. Al-Azam (2011). Turkey, Secularism and the EU: A View From Damascus. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (4):449-457.
    This article deals with the impact of the free, democratic and peaceful accession to power of the Islamic Justice and Development Party (JDP) in Turkey on the Arab world in general and on the Islamic currents active in Arab societies in particular. A main point is looking into how Arab political formations and especially political Islam are trying to make sense out of such recent developments in Turkey as: (1) the fact that traditionally reviled Turkish secularism, Kemalism and westernism (...)
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  41.  20
    Andrew F. March, Are Secularism and Neutrality Attractive to Religious Minorities? Islamic Discussions of Western Secularism in the 'Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities' (Fiqh Al-Aqalliyyat) Discourse.
    This paper introduces views both hostile to and supportive of the ideas of secularism and religious neutrality in the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities (fiqh al-aqalliyyat).
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  42.  7
    Paweł Mazanka (2008). Three Philosophical Sources of Contemporary Secularism in European Culture. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:213-219.
    The contemporary secularism is found to be a philosophy of life “as if there were no God” or a kind of ideology, which demands an absolute autonomy of human being to shape his destination. In the philosophy of Descartes at least three sources of secularism could be found: his theory of cognition which resulted in developing other than the classical concept of truth and rationality; his metaphysics; his arguments for the existence of God and in his concept of (...)
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  43.  6
    Martin Kavka (2014). Tyler Roberts: Encountering Religion: Responsibility and Criticism After Secularism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 76 (1):95-98.
    In the 1980s and 1990s, the theoretical energy in the study of religion came from postmodern theory and its appropriation by scholars who worked in, or at the margins of, the subfield called “philosophy of religion.” Today, philosophy of religion—at least in departments of religion and religious studies—threatens to kill itself with its own jargon; the theoretical energy in the study of religion comes from young scholars working in American religious history (such as John Modern, author of Secularism in (...)
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  44.  4
    M. Boroval & C. Boyraz (2014). Turkish Secularism and Islam: A Difficult Dialogue with the Alevis. Philosophy and Social Criticism 40 (4-5):479-488.
    In this article, recent attempts by the Justice and Development Party (AKP) to address the problems of Alevi citizens in Turkey are analysed. After briefly outlining the sources of Alevi revitalization in the 1990s, the article critically discusses different aspects of the Alevi Opening process. It concludes by arguing that the Alevi question reveals many aspects of the problematic nature of secularism in Turkey.
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  45.  4
    Javed Majeed (2010). The Crisis of Secularism in India. Modern Intellectual History 7 (3):653-666.
    In the early 1960s, Donald Smith's India as a Secular State questioned the credentials of the Indian state's secularism. Since then the issue of what constitutes secularism in India has loomed large in Indian political thought. Like a number of other key categories in political history, such as nationalism, the debate has centred on the question whether the Indian state's version of secularism is viable in its own right or not, and if it is viable, whether it (...)
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  46.  2
    Saskia Schäfer (2015). Renegotiating Indonesian Secularism Through Debates on Ahmadiyya and Shia. Philosophy and Social Criticism 41 (4-5):497-508.
    Commentators have mainly viewed the Ahmadiyya debate in Indonesia either as a controversy over heterodoxy or as an episode raising questions about the human rights of ‘religious minorities’. Instead, I suggest viewing these debates as a field of normative questions of secularism in which the claims of religious are renegotiated in response to the fragmentation of religious and political authority brought on by a diversification of the use of media and a loss of trust in the Indonesian post-Suharto democracy, (...)
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  47.  2
    Mukhtar Umar Bunza (2010). Islamism Vs Secularism: A Religious- Political Struggle in Modern Nigeria. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (2):49-65.
    This paper is a historically based approach to the topic of contemporary political and religious status of Nigeria. Recently, the secular administration by Islamists has generated violence between Muslims and Christians. The latter view Islamism as a gradual Islamisation of the country. Modern Islamists plead for a re-introduction of shari’a and OIC membership. They reject the secular status of Nigeria, the Islamic banking and educational system, etc. The meaning and purpose of these are not different from hijrah, and mahdism of (...)
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  48.  11
    Daniel Putman (2008). Can a Secularist Appreciate Religious Music? Philosophy 83 (3):391-395.
    David Pugmire has argued that secularists can genuinely appreciate religious music because of our imaginative powers combined with the 'Platonic' nature of the emotions expressed in such music. I argue that Pugmire is wrong on both counts. Religious music is 'Platonic' not because it is subject to levels of imagination but because it has a definite object which makes imaginative readings inferior. Moreover, since religious music does have a clear object taken by the believer as real, a gap exists that (...)
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  49.  3
    Ian James Kidd (2013). Emotion, Religious Practice, and Cosmopolitan Secularism. Religious Studies (2):1-18.
    Philip Kitcher has recently proposed a form of which he suggests could enable the members of a future secular society to continue to access and benefit from the moral and existential resources of the world's religions. I criticize this proposal by appeal to contemporary work on the role of emotion and practice in religious commitment. Using the work of John Cottingham and Mark Wynn, two objections are offered to the cosmopolitan secularists' claim that the moral resources of a religion could (...)
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  50.  3
    Aryeh Botwinick (1998). Religion and Secularism in Liberalism. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1998 (113):79-104.
    Emmanuel Levinas has provided a hermeneutical key for reinterpreting the Western intellectual tradition. Certain recurring conundrums of Western philosophy led him to regard ethics above all other modes of inquiry and to emphasize infinity rather than totality. Yet, the primacy of the ethical cannot do what he wants it to do. To reinterpret the Western intellectual tradition, it is necessary to shift emphasis to the distinction between infinity and totality. This highlights the religious dimension of secularism, i.e., how modern (...)
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